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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 37-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970122

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinicopathological characteristics, and further understand primary central nervous system T-cell lymphoma (PCNSTCL) in children and adolescents. Methods: Five cases of PCNSTCL in children and adolescents were collected from December 2016 to December 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotypic, and molecular pathologic features were analyzed, and relevant literatures reviewed. Results: There were two male and three female patients with a median age of 14 years (range 11 to 18 years). There were two peripheral T-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified, two anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive and one NK/T cell lymphoma. Pathologically, the tumor cells showed a variable histomorphologic spectrum, including small, medium and large cells with diffuse growth pattern and perivascular accentuation. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization showed CD3 expression in four cases, and CD3 was lost in one case. CD5 expression was lost in four cases and retained in one case. ALK and CD30 were expressed in two cases. One tumor expressed CD56 and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA. All cases showed a cytotoxic phenotype with expression of TIA1 and granzyme B. Three cases had a high Ki-67 index (>50%). T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement was clonal in two cases. Conclusions: PCNSTCL is rare, especially in children and adolescents. The morphology of PCNSTCL is diverse. Immunohistochemistry and TCR gene rearrangement play important roles in the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Central Nervous System/pathology , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/pathology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/genetics , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 177-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion on the stem cell factor (SCF)/tyrosine kinase receptor (c-kit) signaling pathway and immune function in rats with diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion for IBS-D.@*METHODS@#Among 52 young rats born from 6 healthy pregnant SPF rats, 12 rats were randomly selected into the normal group, and the remaining 40 rats were treated with the three-factor combination method of maternal separation, acetic acid enema and chronic restraint stress to establish the IBS-D rat model. Thirty-six rats with successful IBS-D model were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, and a medication group, 12 rats in each group. The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with suspension moxibustion at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Shangjuxu" (ST 37); the rats in the medication group were treated with intragastric administration of rifaximin suspension (150 mg/kg). All the treatments were given once a day for 7 consecutive days. The body mass, loose stool rate (LSR), the minimum volume threshold when abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scored 3 were measured before acetic acid enema (35 days old), after modeling (45 days old), and after intervention (53 days old). After intervention (53 days old), HE staining was used to observe the morphology of colon tissue, and spleen and thymus coefficients were measured; ELISA method was used to detect serum inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor a [TNF-a], interleukin [IL]-10, IL-8), T-lymphocyte subsets (CD+4, CD+8, CD+45), value of CD+4/CD+8 and immune globulin (IgA, IgG, IgM); real-time PCR method and Western blot method was used to detect the expression of SCF, c-kit mRNA and protein in colon tissue; immunofluorescence staining method were used to detect positive expression of SCF and c-kit.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, in the model group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were decreased (P<0.01), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were increased (P<0.01), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were decreased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxibustion group and the medication group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+8, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were increased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, in the moxibustion group, the level of serum CD+4 was decreased (P<0.05), the value of CD+4/CD+8 was increased (P<0.01), and there was no significant difference in other indexes (P>0.05). The expression of SCF and c-kit mRNA was positively correlated with the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 and IL-10 (P<0.01), and negatively correlated with remaining indexes (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could reduce visceral hypersensitivity, improve symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea in IBS-D rats, and its mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the expression of SCF/c-kit signaling pathway and improvement of IBS-D immune function.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-8 , Maternal Deprivation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Diarrhea , Signal Transduction , Homeostasis , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Immunity , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M
3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 281-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982158

ABSTRACT

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase and its rearrangements occur in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), resulting in signal dysregulation in kinase domain. As a new generation of potent ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), Brigatinib was approved in China in March 2022 as a treatment for locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangement positive. Brigatinib significantly improved the survival, cranial efficacy and quality of life compared to Crizotinib in clinical trials. Brigatinib is generally well tolerated. Brigatinib has been one of the preferred treatments and an addition of options in ALK-rearranged NSCLC. Pulmonary toxicity is one of the adverse effects observed during the treatment of TKIs and deserves the intense attention of clinicians, despite of its low incidence rate. Pulmonary toxicity reported during the treatment of Brigatinib has shown distinct clinical presentations, such as early-onset (median time to onset, 2 days) and rapid tolerance and reversibility of symptoms. In view of this, the concept of early-onset pulmonary events (EOPEs) was proposed and established during the submission for regulatory review and approval. We focused on clinical characteristics, potential mechanism of etiology, and management strategies of EOPEs to provide clinicians evidence for better clinical decision support.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Quality of Life , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 922-926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982152

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematopoietic tumor originated from hematopoietic stem cells. FLT3 is an important receptor tyrosine kinase in cell signal transduction pathway and one of the common mutated genes in AML. AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation have a poor prognosis and tendency to relapse. Therefore, early identification of FLT3 gene mutation and selection of appropriate treatment are particularly important. Currently, the small moleculetargeted drugs have been new treatment methods for AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation, but accompanied drug resistance need to be solved. This paper reviews the mechanism of FLT3 mutation, the clinical significance of FLT3 mutation in AML, FLT3 inhibitors and drug resistance mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Signal Transduction , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
5.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(3): 253-256, 15/09/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362147

ABSTRACT

Tumor heterogeneity is the concept that different tumor cells provide distinct biomorphological lesions, gene expressions, proliferation, microenvironment and graduated capacity of metastatic lesions. Brain tumor heterogeneity has been recently discussed about the interesting interaction of chronic inflammation, microenvironment, epigenetics and glioma steam cells. Brain tumors remain a challenge with regards to medication and disease, due to the lack of treatment options and unsatisfactory results. These results might be the result of the brain tumor heterogeneity and its multiple resistance mechanisms to chemo and radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Neoplastic Stem Cells/cytology , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Genetic Heterogeneity , Gene Expression Profiling , Glioma/genetics , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Stem Cell Niche/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment , Clonal Evolution/genetics , Cellular Microenvironment/genetics , RNA-Seq
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 577-586, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385375

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Diabetes mellitus can lead to structural disorders in the brain. One of the most common complications of diabetes, diabetic neuropathy is associated with central nervous system disorders. Aloe vera has anti-diabetic, antioxidant, and neuroprotective effects. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Aloe vera gel on the hippocampus changes as well as the expression of nerve growth factor and receptors TrkA and P75 in the hippocampus of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. 25 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups including: control (normal saline), diabetic (normal saline), Aloe vera gel (400 mg/kg/day; gavage), diabetic + Aloe vera gel (400 mg/kg/day; gavage) and diabetic + insulin NPH (10 IU/kg/day; subcutaneous). Experimental diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection (60 mg/kg; intraperitoneal). All groups treated for 8 weeks. At the end of treatment course, the rat brains were removed for measuring the expression of nerve growth factor, p75 and TrkA receptors were evaluated in the hippocampus. Diabetes induction after 8 weeks caused NGF and P75 expression levels in the diabetic group than other groups significantly increased (p<0.05). The TrkA receptor expression in the diabetic group compared with the control had a significant reduction (p<0.05). On the other hand in the diabetic group receiving Aloe vera gel expression of NGF and P75 expression levels compared to the diabetic group was significantly reduced (p<0.05) and the TrkA receptor expression compared with the diabetic group had a significant increase (p<0.05). The results showed that oral administration of Aloe vera gel in diabetic rats ameliorates diabetes-induced hyperglycemia. On the other hand, Aloe vera gel cause modulation of the expression of NGF neurotrophic factor via increased expression of TrkA receptor-specific and non-specific receptor down-regulation of P75 in the hippocampus of STZ-induced diabetic rats.


RESUMEN: La diabetes mellitus puede provocar trastornos estructurales en el cerebro. Es una de las complicaciones más comunes de la diabetes y la neuropatía diabética y está relacionada con trastornos del sistema nervioso central. El Aloe vera tiene efectos antidiabéticos, antioxidantes y neuroprotectores. Este estudio fue diseñado para evaluar los efectos del gel de Aloe vera en los cambios del hipocampo, así como la expresión del factor de crecimiento nervioso y los receptores TrkA y P75 en el hipocampo de ratas diabéticas inducidas por estreptozotocina (STZ). Se dividieron al azar 25 ratas Wistar macho en 5 grupos de: control (solución salina normal), diabéticos (solución salina normal), gel de Aloe vera (400 mg / kg / día; sonda), diabéticos + gel de Aloe vera (400 mg / kg / día; sonda) y diabéticos + insulina NPH (10 UI / kg / día; subcutánea). La diabetes experimental fue inducida por inyección de estreptozotocina (60 mg / kg; intraperitoneal). Todos los grupos fueron tratados durante 8 semanas. Al final del tratamiento, se extrajeron los cerebros de las ratas para medir la expresión del factor de crecimiento nervioso y se evaluaron los receptores p75 y TrkA en el hipocampo. La inducción de diabetes después de 8 semanas provocó que los niveles de expresión de NGF y P75 en el grupo de diabéticos aumentaran significativamente en comparación con otros grupos (p <0,05). La expresión del receptor TrkA en el grupo diabético comparado con el control tuvo una reducción significativa (p <0,05). Por otro lado, el grupo de ratas diabéticas que recibieron la expresión en gel de Aloe vera de NGF y los niveles de expresión de P75 en comparación con el grupo de ratas diabéticas se redujo significativamente (p <0,05) y la expresión del receptor de TrkA en comparación con el grupo de ratas diabéticas tuvo un aumento significativo (p <0,05). Los resultados mostraron que la administración oral de gel de Aloe vera en ratas diabéticas mejora la hiperglucemia inducida por la diabetes. Por otro lado, el gel de Aloe vera causa modulación de la expresión del factor neurotrófico NGF a través del aumento de la expresión de receptor TrkA específico y no específico y regulación negativa del receptor de P75 en el hipocampo de ratas diabéticas inducidas por STZ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Nerve Growth Factor/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Aloe/chemistry , Hippocampus/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Administration, Oral , Rats, Wistar , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/drug effects , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Nerve Growth Factor/genetics , Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor/drug effects , Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 815-828, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922244

ABSTRACT

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion gene, as a tumor driver gene, was crucial for the occurrence and development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, targeted ALK fusion gene has become the main treatment method for ALK-positive NSCLC. The first and second generation ALK inhibitors (ALKi), such as crizotinib, ceritinib, alectinib and ensartinib have been approved in China. However, there was no guidance for the management of ALKi adverse reactions. Therefore, this "Recommendations from experts in the management of adverse reactions to ALK inhibitors (2021 version)" has been summarized, led by Lung Cancer Professional Committee of Sichuan Cancer Society and Sichuan Medical Quality Control Center for Tumor Diseases, to provide practical and feasible strategies for clinical ALKi management specification of adverse reactions.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Crizotinib , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 634-641, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887905

ABSTRACT

Discoidin domain receptor 1(DDR1)is a critical member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family.It may be related to tumor invasion and metastasis,and the abnormal activation of DDR1 can lead to the occurrence and development of malignant tumors,inflammation,and fibrosis.DDR1 are involved in cell adhesion,migration,proliferation,secretion of cytokines,and remodeling of extracellular matrix,thus playing a critical role in various pathophysiological processes of the human body.In this review,we demonstrate the research progress of DDR1 in breast cancer and other malignant tumors,in order to provide a new theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer and other tumors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Adhesion , Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 , Fibrosis , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics
9.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 10-16, feb. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125032

ABSTRACT

La miastenia gravis (MG) es una enfermedad autoinmune mediada por anticuerpos dirigidos contra proteínas post sinápticas de la unión neuromuscular. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos y serológicos de pacientes con MG en un Hospital Público de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo sobre 190 enfermos con diagnóstico de MG. La edad media de inicio de la enfermedad fue de 38 años; 57 (30%) fueron MG de inicio tardío (inicio de síntomas > 50 años). La relación mujer/hombre fue 1.7/1. La enfermedad se inició más tempranamente en las mujeres que en los hombres, media 32 vs. 48 años (p < 0.0001). La MG familiar autoinmune representó el 3.2 % (6 casos). La forma más común de presentación fue con manifestaciones oculares puras (52%). El 12.1% (23/190) fue considerada MG ocular en el seguimiento. La MG asociada a timoma se presentó en 22 casos (11.6%). El 27.1% presentó otra enfermedad autoinmune asociada, siendo las tiroideas las más frecuentes. El 81.4% tuvo anticuerpos anti-receptores de acetilcolina (ACRA) positivos y 22.7% de los ACRA negativos fueron positivos para anticuerpos anti-tirosina quinasa musculo especifica (anti-MusK). La evolución clínica fue favorable, hallándose más de la mitad de los casos en remisión o manifestaciones mínimas en la última visita. La mayoría requirió inmunosupresión para control de la sintomatología, el 78% recibió corticoides y el 48% un inmunosupresor no esteroideo.


Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical, epidemiological and serological features of patients with MG in a Public Hospital of Buenos Aires City. A retrospective analysis of 190 patients diagnosed with MG was performed. The mean age of MG onset was 38 years, 30% had late-onset MG (onset age > 50 years). The female/male ratio was 1.7 / 1. Disease started earlier in women than in men, mean 32 vs. 48 years (p < 0.0001). Familial autoimmune MG represented 3.2% of the cases. Most of the patients initiated their disease with a pure ocular form (52%). 12.1% (23/190) were considered ocular MG at follow-up. Thymoma-associated MG represented 11.6% of cases. 27.1% had other associated autoimmune disease, thyroid disorders were the most frequent. 81.4% were anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-ab) positive MG; 22.7% of AChR-ab negatives were positive for anti-muscle specific kinase (MusK) antibodies. Clinical outcome was relatively good; more than half of cases were in remission or minimal manifestations at the last visit. The majority of patients required immunosuppression to control the symptoms, 78% received corticosteroids and 48%, a non-steroidal immunosuppressant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Myasthenia Gravis/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Autoimmune Diseases/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Receptors, Cholinergic/immunology , Sex Distribution , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/immunology , Age of Onset , Age Distribution , Myasthenia Gravis/immunology
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1571-1578, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-324-5p on the proliferation of rat glomerular mesangial (HBZY-1) cells and the role of Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway in mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#HBZY-1 cells cultured in vitro were transiently transfected with miR-324-5p mimics or miR-324-5p-mimics-NC followed by treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation activity of HBZY-1 cells, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the expressions of miR-324-5p and the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos mRNA. The protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2 and c-Fos were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that exposure to LPS significantly enhanced the proliferative activity of HBZY-1 cells. Compared with the cells treated with LPS and LPS + mimics NC, the cells transfected with miR-324-5p mimics prior to LPS exposure exhibited significantly lowered proliferative activity. Transfection with miR-324-5p mimics significantly lowered the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos and the protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-Fos (@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-324-5p can inhibit the proliferation of rat chronic glomerulonephritis cells induced by LPS by inhibiting Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway and may potentially serve as a diagnostic indicator and a therapeutic target for chronic glomerulonephritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Proliferation , Lipopolysaccharides , Mesangial Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Signal Transduction , ras Proteins
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 202-210, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713102

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Previous retrospective studies suggest that anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutation-positive (ALK+) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients are sensitive to pemetrexed. To determine its efficacy, we retrospectively evaluated clinical outcomes of pemetrexed-based chemotherapy in patients with ALK+ NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 126 patients with advanced, ALK+ NSCLC who received first-line cytotoxic chemotherapy. We compared response, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) rates according to chemotherapy regimens. Furthermore, we evaluated intracranial time to tumor progression (TTP) and proportion of ALK+ cells as prognostic factors. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients received pemetrexed-based chemotherapy, while 78 received other regimens as first-line treatment. The pemetrexed-based chemotherapy group showed superior overall response (44.7% vs. 14.3%, p < 0.001) and disease control (85.1% vs. 62.3%, p=0.008) rates. The pemetrexed-based chemotherapy group also exhibited longer PFS (6.6 months vs. 3.8 months, p < 0.001); OS rates were not significantly different. The lack of exposure to second-generation ALK inhibitors and intracranial metastasis on initial diagnosis were independent negative prognostic factors of OS. Intracranial TTP was similar between the treatment groups (32.7 months vs. 35.7 months, p=0.733). Patients who harbored a greater number of ALK+ tumor cells (≥70%) showed prolonged OS on univariate analysis (not reached vs. 44.8 months, p=0.041), but not on multivariate analysis (hazard ratio: 0.19, 95% confidence interval: 0.03–1.42; p=0.106). CONCLUSION: Pemetrexed-based regimens may prolong PFS in patients with ALK+ NSCLC as a first-line treatment, but are not associated with prolonged OS. Exposure to second-generation ALK inhibitors may improve OS rates in patients with ALK+ NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mutation , Pemetrexed/therapeutic use , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 211-218, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713101

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Molecular testing in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) aids in identifying oncogenic alterations. The aim of this study was to compare the rates of detection of oncogenic alterations and responsiveness to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) according to EGFR mutation status as determined by peptide nucleic acid (PNA) clamping or direct sequencing (DS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. Data from included studies were pooled to yield summary sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio, and receiver operating characteristic curves. A meta-regression analysis was conducted to identify potential sources of heterogeneity between selected studies. RESULTS: We identified 10 studies comprising 924 patients. Oncogenic alterations were detected in 340 of 924 cases (36.8%) with PNA clamping and in 250 of 924 (27.1%) with DS. The pooled sensitivities of PNA clamping and DS were 0.93 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.90−0.95] and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.64−0.73), respectively. According to meta-regression analysis, none of the covariates were found to be significant sources of heterogeneity. With respect to treatment responses to EGFR-TKIs, there was no significant difference therein between EGFR mutations detected by PNA clamping and DS (53.4% vs. 50.8%; risk ratio, 0.99; 95% CI 0.83−1.19; p=0.874). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that PNA clamping has a higher sensitivity than DS for detecting oncogenic alterations in NSCLC. Our findings suggest that PNA clamping is a more useful method for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Constriction , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Mutation , Peptide Nucleic Acids/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sequence Analysis , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Translocation, Genetic
13.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 408-412, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772426

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#As the morbidity and mortality in lung cancer keep raising, we are here to discuss the effect of clinical features especially the initial symptomon on diagnosis and follow-up treatment of newly diagnosed lung cancer patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical features of the 500 patients with lung cancer in our hospital from March, 2017 to May, 2017 were analyzed retrospectively, including the initial symptom, stage, biomarkers, pathology, etc. RESULTS: There were 266 famle (53.3%), 372 adenocarcinoma (74.4%), 285 smokers (58%), status score of most patients (98.2%) was 0-1. 58.2% (n=291) of all the patients got biomarkers test, of which epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations was 61.2%(178/291), anaplasticlymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion gene positive was 4.1% (12/291). Smoking status, initial symptom, pathological typing, TNM staging and EGFR mutation were the main factors affecting follow-up treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with typical symptoms have shorter diagnosis time. Smoking status, lung cancer-related symptoms, pathology, TNM staging and EGFR mutation status are the main factors that affect the follow-up treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , China , ErbB Receptors , Genetics , Metabolism , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Mutation , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Smokers
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 536-542, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772405

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality of malignant diseases in China. Approximately 57% lung cancer patients harbored distant metastases at initial diagnosis which is relevant to poor outcomes. The research strategy of anti-lung cancer metastasis now has became the new treatment directions and thoughts for lung cancer treatment. Previous studies have shown that changes in the corresponding driving genes on different signaling pathways may be related to the transfer of different organs, and the biological alteration of tumor to some extent can affect the metastatic behavior and metastatic pattern of tumor. However, current clinical and basic studies have not elucidated the molecular mechanism of the specific distant organ metastasis in the pathway of lung cancer related signal transduction, clinical research on the correlation between gene mutation and organ transfer specificity is also relatively rare. This review aims to summarize the characteristics of the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), V-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (KRAS) in non-small cell lung cancer, and the correlation between the distribution of metastatic organs.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Genetics , Pathology , ErbB Receptors , Genetics , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , Genetics , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 686-691, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772379

ABSTRACT

Molecular target therapy is one of the most popular field of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatmnet. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearragement are the most important two oncogenic drivers in NSCLC, early studies suggested that EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangements are mutually exclusive, but isolated cases or small sample research with concomitant EGFR and ALK alterations have been constantly reported. The co-occurrence of EGFR mutations and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements constitutes a rare molecular, the frequency of EGFR/ALK co-alterations was about 1%, however, little has been known about clinicopathologic feature and treatment. This review summarized published case report, EGFR and ALK alterations are common in female, Asian origin, never smoker, IV stage, and denocarcinomas. First-line treatment can choose EGFR or ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, studies about the origin and resistance mechanism in EGFR/ALK co-alterations are little, require more experimental and clinical research.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Diagnosis , Genetics , ErbB Receptors , Genetics , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Mutation , Prognosis , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 703-711, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772376

ABSTRACT

The incidence of ALK gene rearrangement in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was about 3% to 5%. ALK gene inhibitors have made great breakthrough in recent years, significantly extending the survival period of patients with ALK(+) advanced NSCLC. But the majority of patients will be acquired drug resistance after treatment. This article has been explained separately from the ALK genetic background, the detection method, the treatment of the three generations of ALK inhibitors and the strategy after drug resistance. It is desire to have reference value and reference meaning for clinical work.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Gene Fusion , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Genetics
17.
Santiago; Chile. Ministerio de Salud; 1ª Edición; 2017. 67 p. ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-882323

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El Cáncer Renal (CR) representa el 2-3% de los cánceres del adulto a nivel mundial, presentando la mayor incidencia en los países occidentales. En 2014, se estimó que habría 63.920 casos nuevos de cáncer de riñón en EEUU, con 13.860 muertes estimadas por esta enfermedad y una tasa de sobrevida global a 5 años de aproximadamente el 70%. En Chile, según el Primer Informe de Registros Poblacionales la tasa de incidencia al 2012 fue de 6,9 x 100.000 hab., y la tasa general de mortalidad el año 2011 de 3,8 x 100.000 hab. Según el Departamento de Estadísticas e Información en Salud (DEIS) del MINSAL, el año 2011 se produjeron 657 fallecidos por esta causa, 401 hombres y 256 mujeres, con una relación Hombre: Mujer de 1,57:1. La tasa de mortalidad general va en ascenso: 2,7 x 100.000 el año 1997 v/s 3,8 en el año 2011. En cuanto a su histología, más de 90% de los cánceres de riñón surgen en el parénquima renal (siendo la mayoría carcinomas de células renales), y el resto en la pelvis renal. Antes de 2005, el tratamiento se limitaba a citoquinas terapia con IL-2 o IFN-a, cuya eficacia era limitada y de alta toxicidad. Este informe evalúa sunitinib, pazopanib y axintinib para pacientes con CR avanzado o metastásico de células claras en pacientes aptos para recibir inmunoterapia. TECNOLOGÍAS SANITARIAS ANALIZADAS: Sunitinib (SUTENT®); Pazopanib (VOTRIENT®, VORIFAS®, KIPANIB®, INOXTAR®); Axitinib (INYTA®). EFICACIA DE LOS TRATAMIENTOS: Se encontraron seis revisiones sistemáticas relevantes que compararon el uso de pazopanib contra placebo, y que muestran el resultado de 2 Ensayos Clínicos Aleatorizados (ECAs). Además, se encontraron 2 revisiones sistemáticas con meta-análisis de redes que inclueron 20 ECAs que comparaban directa o indirectamente axitinib y sunitinib contra placebo. Pazopanib, en comparación a placebo, probablemente no tiene un efecto importante en la mortalidad de pacientes con cáncer renal metastásico, pero reduce la progresión de la enfermedad. Sunitinib, en comparación a placebo podría hacer poca o ninguna diferencia respecto de la mortalidad de pacientes con cáncer renal metastásico, mientras que podría reducir la mortalidad de pacientes con cáncer renal metastásico. Axitinib, en comparación a placebo podría reducir la mortalidad de pacientes con cáncer renal metastásico. ANÁLISIS ECONÓMICO: Las agencias de distintos países (Canadá, Inglaterra y Australia) recomiendan el uso de Sunitinib, Pazopanib y Axitinib para el tratamiento del cáncer renal metastásico. Algunas agencias (Canadá e Inglaterra) han realizado esta recomendación siempre y cuando se considere un costo razonable para estos medicamentos. En consideración se tiene también en las distintas líneas que se consideran los tratamientos. El impacto presupuestario calculado para el primer año es de MM$ 2.049 (Sunitinib), MM$2.674 (Pazopanib) y MM$1.303 (Axitinib). CONCLUSIÓN: Para dar cumplimiento al artículo 28° del Reglamento que establece el proceso destinado a determinar los diagnósticos y tratamientos de alto costo con Sistema de Protección Financiera, según lo establecido en los artículos 7°y 8° de la ley N°20.850, aprobado por el decreto N°13 del Ministerio de Salud, se concluye que el presente informe de evaluación se considera favorable para los 3 tratamientos considerados, de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Título III. de las Evaluaciones Favorables de la Norma Técnica N° 0192 de este mismo ministerio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/therapeutic use , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/antagonists & inhibitors , Kidney Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Technology Assessment, Biomedical/economics , Health Evaluation/economics
18.
Appl. cancer res ; 37: 1-6, 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-911499

ABSTRACT

Background: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) originate as precursor cells of the interstitial cells of Cajal in the myenteric plexus and generally have a mutation in the tyrosine kinase receptor, C-KIT (CD117). The objective is to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic profiles of GIST cases available from a hospital specializing in cancer treatment. Methods: A retrospective, longitudinal study of 85 GIST cases in a Cancer Center (São Paulo, Brazil) was conducted. Results: The cases identified involved 40 men and 45 women and the average age at diagnosis was 55.7 ± 14. 8 years (median, 57). The symptoms present at diagnosis depended on the location and dimensions of each lesion. In 49 cases (57.6%), the tumors had a gastric location and the mean dimensions were 7.2 ± 2.3 cm (median, 3.4 cm). Recurrent metastatic disease presented in 27 cases (with the liver mainly affected). Locoregional recurrence was detected in 16 cases. C-KIT was positive in 79/81 (97.5%) of the cases examined. Most of the tumors were initially treated with surgery, while clinical treatment was applied to the recurrent cases. The overall survival rate was 76.4% 162 months after diagnosis. Conclusions: The GISTs examined most commonly originated in the stomach, while the liver was the main site affected by metastatic lesions. Most of the lesions appeared to be slow-growing neoplasms that were positive for C-KIT (CD117). Complications, as well as death, mostly affected the elderly patients that had comorbidities or more aggressive forms of the disease (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stromal Cells , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/therapy
19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 53(2): e16076, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951898

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Human epidermal receptors (HER1/2/3/4) belong to the class of receptor-type tyrosine kinases. After binding a ligand, dimerization, it will ocurr activation of intracellular kinases after two-dimensional and cytoplasmic tail reciprocal transphosphorylation. This transphosphorylation recruits signaling pathways such as Ras/Raf/MEK/Erk1-2, PI3-K/AKT and JAK/STAT, which can affect the cell cycle, cytoskeleton reorganization, apoptosis, metastasis, differentiation, angiogenesis and transcription. HER deregulation is found in epithelial, mesenchymal and nervous neoplasms and is associated with poor prognosis and tumor severity. Since HER are promiscuous proteins when subjected to mutations, resultant modifications confer cellular metabolic superiority and activate complex, interconnected and overlapping networks of cytoplasmic signaling. Moreover, overexpression of HER1/2 is involved in tumor resistance to radiation and anti-hormone therapies. Indeed, HER2 expression is up to 100-fold higher in 25-30% of invasive breast cancers. These characteristics support the development of resistance to anti-HER1/2 chemotherapy such as monoclonal antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Then, the challenges in research with HER-positive cancers include planning therapeutic strategies against known resistance mechanisms and identifying novel mechanisms as a way to overcome and control cell growth and malignant progression.


Subject(s)
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Molecular Biology/classification , Neoplasms , Signal Transduction , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Drug Therapy, Combination/statistics & numerical data
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 157-163, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of muskolibanum combination on the proliferation and differentiation of prostate stem cells.@*METHODS@#We cultured prostate epithelial cells and urogenital sinus mesenchymal (UGSM) cells from 7-10 d old C57BL/6 mice and 16-18 d old pregnant C57BL/6 mice, transplanted the mixed suspension of the two types of cells under the kidney envelope of SCIDCB.17 male mice, and harvested the transplants 30 days later. We randomly divided the SCIDCB.17 mice into four groups to be treated intragastrically with musk (n = 8), olibanum (n = 8), musk+olibanum (n = 7), and normal saline (blank control, n = 8)) respectively, all for 14 days. Then we collected the kidney tissue for observation of the morphology of the glandular tubes and differentiation of different subsets of stem cells by HE staining and determination of the expressions and distribution of P63, CD133, CD117 and Sca1 by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#A system was successfully established for the isolation and mixed culture of Sca1 Lin+ CD49f+ (LSC) cells of prostate stem cells and UGSM cells of the mouse embryonic prostate. Immunohistochemistry showed positive expressions of P63, CD133, Sca1, and CD117 in the prostatic acinar epithelia and proved the presence of prostatic acinar epithelial structure in the transplants. Compared with the blank control group, the expressions of CD133, Sca1 and CD117 were significantly increased in the musk, olibanum, and musk+olibanum groups (P< 0.05), higher in the musk+olibanum than in the musk or olibanum group (P< 0.05), and their protein expressions were even more elevated in the musk+olibanum group (P< 0.01), with statistically significant difference from the olibanum group (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of musk and olibanum can improve the proliferation and differentiation of prostate stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Pregnancy , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Drug Therapy, Combination , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated , Pharmacology , Frankincense , Pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, SCID , Prostate , Cell Biology , Random Allocation , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Receptors, Cholinergic , Stem Cells , Cell Biology
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