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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We employed a multidisciplinary approach incorporating theoretical ideas, clinical experience, psychology, physiology, traditional Chinese medicine (CM), modern practice of CM, and oncology to explore the effect of patients' repression of negative emotions and traumatic events on breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#BC female patients, older than 18 years of age, with available pathology reports who were treated at Rabin Medical Center were recruited. All participants completed questionnaires regarding medical history, behavioral tendencies, negative emotions, trauma, symptoms, and pathology (from a CM perspective). Data on tumor characteristics were collected from the pathology reports. The associations were examined using hierarchical binary logistic regressions.@*RESULTS@#A total of 155 BC patients were enrolled. The median age was 52 years, with a range of 26-79; 95% were mothers; 28% had estrogen receptor (ER)-negative BC, 52% had progesterone receptor (PR)-negative BC, 48% had human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative BC, and antigen Ki-67 ≥ 20% was reported for 52% of tumors. Statistically significant associations were found between the emotional markers (sense of motherhood failure, and lack of self-fulfillment), avoidance behavior, and physical symptoms that are related to emotional repression based on CM. Significant associations were also found between variables associated with physical symptoms of emotional repression, which involves the production and accumulation of non-substantial phlegm (i.e., "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm"), avoidance behavior which unconsciously uses "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" in order to achieve emotional repression, and tumor parameters including tumor grade, PR status, and Ki-67. Patients with higher levels of "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" were more likely to have tumors with worse prognosis (PR-negative, higher grade, and higher Ki-67).@*CONCLUSION@#We demonstrated a relationship between emotional parameters, behavioral tendencies, CM parameters, and oncologic parameters in BC. Additional research is warranted to explore these associations and their relevance to clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Emotions , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of two different approaches ERRα strategy on the apoptosis in multiple myeloma cell line MM.1S.@*METHODS@#For the one strategy, shRNA was mediated by lentivirus. Stable cell clones were established by transfecting the lentivirus into MM.1S cells and screened by puromycin. For the other strategy, XCT790, a specific reverse agonist of ERRα, was used to treat MM.1S cells. The apoptosis of the cells was analyzed by flow cytometry after ERRα was down-regulated. Western blot assay was used to detect the apoptosis of related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The knocked down ERRα was achieved, lentivirus with shERRα were successfully infected into MM.1S and ERRα was reduced significantly. Knockdown of ERRα could induce MM.1S cell apoptosis dramatically. Meanwhile, the expression of cleaved PARP (a kind of apoptosis related markers) was significantly increased following depletion of ERRα in MM.1S cells. XCT790 could significantly down-regulate the expression of ERRα protein in MM.1S cells, which was consistent with the effect caused by shRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Interference the expression of ERRα by shRNA or XCT790 can induce apparent apoptosis in MM.1S cells, which indicating that ERRα is crucial for the survival of myeloma cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lentivirus , Multiple Myeloma , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Receptors, Estrogen
4.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(147): 16-24, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1400932

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El subtipo luminal de cáncer de mama es sensible a la terapia antiestrógenica y muestra un mejor pronóstico que el del cáncer de mama con receptor del factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano 2 enriquecido (HER2) o triple negativo. Sin embargo, el cáncer de mama tipo luminal es heterogéneo y puede tener características clínicas agresivas. Investigamos las implicaciones clínicas y pronósticas de la baja expresión del receptor de estrógeno en un grupo de carcinomas luminales HER2 negativos. Material y método: Recolectamos los datos de un grupo de 367 cánceres de mama luminales HER2 negativo que eran receptor de estrógeno (RE) positivos y receptor de progesterona (RP) positivos o negativos y los dividimos en RE+ alto (RE) y RE+ bajo (REB). Se definió REB de acuerdo a la úl- tima actualización ASCO /CAP de las recomendaciones del testeo de de RH en cáncer de mama como aquellos con expresión entre 1 y 10%. Analizamos los datos clínico-patológicos y la supervivencia según los grupos de RE y REB. Resultados: Edad media 63,9+12.8 años. Tamaño tumoral: 1,9 +0.9 cm. Se realizó Mastectomía radical modificada en 61% de los pacientes. Tipo histológico más frecuente: Ductal Infiltrante en 89,5% de los casos. Hallazgos que concuerdan con publicaciones de otros centros. Discusión: Los tumores REB resultaron en 1,6%. No hubo diferencias estadísticas en el estadio TNM y tipo histológico. Sin embargo, el grupo REB se asoció con menor edad (47 vs 57 años), tipo luminal B, mayor grado histológico y Ki 67 alto (>30%). Si bien las diferencias en supervivencia global (SG) no fueron significativas (p=0,279), observamos que a partir de los 60 meses de seguimiento la SG fue menor en el grupo REB que en el grupo RE. Conclusiones: La baja expresión del RE se asoció peor pronóstico. Podríamos considerar la baja expresión del RE como marcador pronóstico en el subtipo luminal HER2 negativo de cáncer de mama. Debido a la baja incidencia de casos REB consideramos necesario estudios adicionales con mayor número de pacientes que podrían revelar su papel negativo en el cáncer de mama.


Introduction: The luminal subtype of breast cancer is sensitive to antiestrogenic therapy and shows a better prognosis than human epidermal grow- th factor receptor 2 (HER2) enriched or triple negative breast cancer. However, luminal type breast cancer is heterogeneous and can have aggressive clinical features. We investigated the clinical and prognostic implications of low estrogen receptor expression in a group of HER2-negative luminal carcinomas. Material and method: We collected data from a group of 367 HER2 negative luminal breast cancers that were estrogen receptor (ER) positive and progesterone receptor (PR) positive or negative and divided them into ER + high (ER) and ER + low (ERL). ERL was defined when RE expression was < 10%. We analyzed the clinical-pathological data and survival accor- ding to the ER and ERL groups. Results: ERL tumors resulted in 1.6%. There were no statistical differences in TNM stage and histological type. However, the ERL group was as- sociated with younger age (47 vs 57 years), luminal type B, higher histological grade, and high Ki 67 (> 30% ). Although the differences in overall survival (OS) were not significant (p = 0.279), we observed that after 60 months of follow-up the OS was lower in the ERL group than in the ER group. Conclusions: Low ER expression was associated with a worse prognosis. We could consider low ER expression as a prognostic marker in the HER2-ne- gative luminal subtype of breast cancer. Due to the low incidence of ERL cases, we consider necessary additional studies with a larger number of patients that could reveal its negative role in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Breast Neoplasms , Phenobarbital , Prognosis , Breast , Receptors, Estrogen
5.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(145): 99-138, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1291293

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama localmente avanzado (CMLA) se manifiesta con grandes tumores (T3-4) y/o gran carga adenopática (N 1-2-3), sin metástasis a distancia e incluye estadios clínicos: II b, III a, III b y III c. La quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTNA) es el tratamiento inicial para gran parte de las pacientes con CMLA y está indicada en pacientes con cáncer de mama operable e inoperable. Este tratamiento presenta algunas ventajas como la reducción del tamaño del tumor primario (downstaging) y de ganglios positivos, permitiendo así más cirugías conservadoras, y la medición directa de la sensibilidad de las células tumorales. Un rol similar cumple la terapia endocrina neoadyuvante en tumores con receptores de estrógeno (RE) y receptores de progesterona (RP) positivos, al demostrar beneficios en reducción del volumen tumoral. Los anticuerpos monoclonales anti Her2 asociados a la QTNA aumentan la efectividad de esta última. La respuesta del CMLA a la neoadyuvancia se evalúa con la clínica y el estudio histológico de la pieza quirúrgica, con esta última, se monitorea enfermedad residual a través de la respuesta patológica completa (RCp) que es un importante factor pronóstico de la sobrevida libre de enfermedad (SLE) como de la sobrevida global (SG). El carcinoma mamario inflamatorio (CMI) posee distintas características clínicas, epidemiológicas y biológicas donde el tratamiento de inicio es la QTNA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 265-270, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287804

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is an ongoing debate whether progesterone receptor positive and estrogen receptor negative breast carcinomas represent a true distinct subtype of tumor or a mere immunohistochemical artifact. In this study, we conducted an immunohistochemistry panel with the antibodies TFF1, EGFR, and CK5 to reclassify this phenotype in a luminal or basal-like subtype. METHODS: Tumors estrogen receptor -/progesterone receptor +, Her-2 - from a large population of breast cancer patients were selected to be studied. Immunohistochemistry with the antibodies TFF1, EGFR, and CK5 was performed. Tumors showing positivity for TFF1, regardless of EGFR and CK5 results, were classified as luminal-like carcinomas. Those lesions that were negative for TFF1, but were positive for EGFR and/or CK5, were classified as basal-like triple-negative carcinomas. When the three markers were negative, tumors were classified as undetermined. Clinical pathologic characteristics of patients and tumor recurrence were evaluated. RESULTS: Out of 1188 breast carcinomas investigated, 30 cases (2.5%) presented the estrogen receptor -/progesterone receptor +/HER2- phenotype. Of them, 27 tumors (90%) were classified as basal-like triple-negative carcinomas, one as luminal-like (3.3%), and two as undetermined tumors (6.7%). The mean follow-up for the study group was 27.7 (2.7 to 50) months. Out of the 26 patients, 6 had cancer recurrence: 2 local and 4 systemic recurrences. The average time for recurrence was 17 (8 to 38) months. CONCLUSION: Estrogen receptor -/progesterone receptor +/tumors exhibit aggressive behavior, similar to triple-negative tumors. An appropriate categorization of these tumors should be made to improve their therapeutic management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Receptors, Progesterone , Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 52 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1348838

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer de mama é a neoplasia mais comum em mulheres. A maioria deles é diagnosticada em estágios iniciais, quando o tratamento visa a cura. Mas apesar dos avanços no tratamento, metástases à distância podem ocorrer. A biópsia das lesões metastáticas é recomendada para confirmar o status do receptor de estrogênio (RE), receptor de progesterona (RP) e receptor do fator de crescimento epidérmico humano 2 (HER2), por ocorrerem discrepâncias nesses padrões entre tumores primários e metástases em até 40% dos casos. As células tumorais circulantes (CTCs) estão relacionadas às evoluções clínicas do câncer de mama e podem potencialmente desempenhar um papel substituto aos procedimentos invasivos de rebiópsia de metástase. A tecnologia ISET® (Isolation by SizE of Tumor Cells, Rarecells-Diagnostics, Paris, França) não é usualmente empregada para detectar CTCs em pacientes com câncer de mama, embora seja reconhecida como uma ferramenta útil em alguns outros tumores. Existem dados emergentes de que a caracterização da expressão proteica das CTC pode refinar seu valor prognóstico. Sabe-se que o fator de transformação de crescimento (TGF-ß) desempenha um papel na progressão e invasividade do câncer de mama. Objetivos: Comparar a expressão de RE, RP e HER2 em tumores primários, CTCs, metástases e avaliar a expressão do receptor TGF-ß tipo 1 (TGF-ß RI) em CTCs como fator prognóstico para sobrevida global. Metodologia: Estudo realizado no A.C.Camargo Cancer Center, Brasil. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas antes da biópsia guiada por tomografia computadorizada de lesões metastáticas suspeitas e processadas pela metodologia ISET®. Os níveis de expressão proteica das CTCs foram comparados aos de tumores primários e metástases e correlacionados aos resultados clínicos. Todos os dados clínicopatológicos foram obtidos dos prontuários médicos. Resultados: Dos 39 pacientes inicialmente incluídos, 27 tiveram tanto a biópsia de metástases quanto a coleta de sangue e foram considerados para análise. As taxas de concordância para a expressão de RE, RP e HER2 entre tumores primários e metástases foram altas. Não foi observada nenhuma perda de expressão de HER2 nas metástases e os tumores triplo negativos mantiveram o mesmo padrão em todas as metástases (p <0,0001). Quando as metástases e CTCs foram classificadas como triplo negativo (TN) ou não ­ TN, as CTCs determinaram alta especificidade (93%), acurácia (84,2%) e valor preditivo negativo (88%). A sobrevida global mediana de pacientes sem expressão de TGF-ß RI em CTCs foi de 42,6 x 20,8 meses para os positivos, clinicamente relevante, porém sem significância estatística (p> 0,05). Conclusões: No câncer de mama, o papel das CTCs detectadas pelo ISET® ainda não está estabelecido. Com este estudo, sugerimos que esta metodologia possa ser útil para avaliar metástases em casos de tumores não TN, assim como a expressão de TGF-ß RI em CTCs, o que pode impactar a sobrevida. Devido à limitação da amostra, estudos futuros devem se concentrar em subtipos específicos de câncer de mama, ampliando a coorte.


Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common neoplasm in women. Most of BC are diagnosed in early stages, when treatment aims cure. Despite advances in BC treatment, distant metastases may develop. Biopsy of metastatic lesions is recommended to confirm estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status, due to discrepancies in these patterns between primary tumors/metastasis in up to 40% of cases. Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) are related to breast cancer outcomes and could potentially play a role surrogating invasive procedures of metastasis rebiopsy. ISET® (Isolation by SizE of Tumor Cells, Rarecells-Diagnostics, Paris, France) technology is not currently employed to detect CTCs in breast cancer patients, although recognized as a useful tool in some other tumors. There are emerging data that characterization of CTC protein expression can refine its prognostic value. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß play a role in progression/invasiveness of BC. Objectives: To compare ER, PR and HER2 expression in primary tumors, CTCs, metastases and to evaluate TGF-ß type 1 receptor (TGF- ß RI) expression in CTCs as prognostic factor for overall survival. Methods: Study conducted at the A.C.Camargo Cancer Center, Brazil. Blood samples were processed in ISET® before computed tomography­guided biopsy of suspected metastatic lesions. Protein expression levels in CTCs were compared to those in primary tumors/metastases and correlated to clinical outcomes. All clinicopathological data were obtained from medical records. Results: From the 39 patients initially included, 27 had both biopsy of metastases and blood collection and were considered for analysis. Concordance rates for ER, PR and HER2 expression between primary tumors/metastases were high. No loss of HER2 expression at any metastasis site and retention of the same pattern in all triplenegative (TN) tumors (p <0.0001) were observed. When metastases/CTCs were classified as TN/non­TN, CTCs showed high specificity (93%), accuracy (84.2%) and negative predictive value (88%). The median overall survival of patients with no TGF-ß RI expression in CTCs was 42.6 x 20.8 months for positive ones, clinically relevant but not statistically significant (p>0.05). Conclusions: In BC, the role of CTCs detected by ISET® is not yet established. Here, we could suggest that this methodology may be useful to evaluate metastasis in non-TN cases as also TGF-ß RI expression in CTCs, which may impact survival. Due to sample limitation, future studies must focus on specific subtypes of BC, expanding the cohort.


Subject(s)
Female , Breast Neoplasms , ErbB Receptors , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen , Survival Analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e18122, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339306

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the mechanism underlying the suppression of estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 cell growth by regorafenib. MCF-7 cells were treated with regorafenib, and the effect of regorafenib on multiple cancer-associated pathways was evaluated. Although regorafenib effectively inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells, it had no effect on the proliferation of the normal breast epithelial cell line MCF10A. Regorafenib suppressed MCF-7 cell migration, probably by regulating the homeostatic expression of matrix metalloproteinases and the tissue inhibitor of MMPs. Furthermore, it upregulated p21 expression, downregulated cyclin B1 and cyclin D1 expresssions, and caused cell cycle arrest. In addition, regorafenib induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells by reducing Mcl-1 expression and activating caspase signaling. These results demonstrate that regorafenib has the potential to be an effective drug for treating breast cancer


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle/immunology , MCF-7 Cells/classification , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Receptors, Estrogen , Apoptosis , Cyclin D1/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/classification , Cyclin B1/pharmacology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921714

ABSTRACT

This study intended to explore the effect and mechanism of total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma in improving scopola-mine-induced learning and memory impairments in model mice. Ninety four-month-old Kunming(KM) mice were randomly divided into six groups. The ones in the model group and blank group were treated with intragastric administration of normal saline, while those in the medication groups separately received the total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma, Kangnaoshuai Capsules, donepezil, as well as total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae plus estrogen receptor(ER) blocker by gavage. The mouse model of learning and memory impairments was established via intraperitoneal injection of scopolamine. Following the measurement of mouse learning and memory abilities in Morris water maze test, the hippocampal ERβ expression was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of ERβ and phosphorylated p38(p-p38) in the hippocampus and B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated death promoter(Bad), and cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3(caspase-3) in the apoptotic system were assayed by Western blot. The contents of malondia-ldehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and nitric oxide(NO) in the hippocampus were then determined using corresponding kits. Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited significantly prolonged incubation period, reduced frequency of cros-sing the platform, shortened residence time in the target quadrant, lowered ERβ, Bcl-2 and SOD activity in the hippocampus, and increased p-p38/p38, Bad, caspase-3, MDA, and NO. Compared with the model group, the total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae increased the expression of ERβ and SOD in the hippocampus, down-regulated the expression of neuronal pro-apoptotic proteins, up-re-gulated the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins, and reduced p-p38/p38, MDA, and NO. The effects of total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma on the above indexes were reversed by ER blocker. It has been proved that the total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma obviously alleviate scopolamine-induced learning and memory impairments in mice, which may be achieved by regulating the neuronal apoptotic system and oxidative stress via the ER-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(ER-p38 MAPK) signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Hippocampus , Maze Learning , Mice , Polypodiaceae , Receptors, Estrogen , Scopolamine/toxicity , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921536

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical expression of P504s,E-cadherin,erythroblast transformation-specific related gene(ERG)and estrogen receptor(ER)in prostate adenocarcinoma in Tibet.Methods The clinical data of 15 patients with prostate adenocarcinoma diagnosed by the Department of Pathology of Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from September 2013 to September 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.All patients were assigned to prognostic grade groups based on Gleason score according to the WHO 2016 criteria.Immunostaining of P504s,E-cadherin,ERG,and ER was performed.Results The age of all 15 patients ranged from 61 to 86 years.The serum prostate specific antigen(PSA)concentration was ≥20 ng/ml in 12 patients and<20 ng/ml in 3 patients.Among the 15 patients,11 underwent needle biopsy,1 transurethral resection of the prostate,and 3 radical prostatectomy.Prognostic grouping results revealed 5 cases in grade groups 1-3,4 cases in grade group 4,and 6 cases in grade group 5.Immunohistochemistrically,15 cases(100%)were positive for P504s,E-cadherin and PSA;one case(7%)was positive for ERG;all cases were negative for P63,ER and CK34βE12.Thirteen cases were followed up for 2-48 months,with 2 cases treated with total prostatectomy and 11 cases with non-surgical treatment.Two cases were lost to follow-up. Conclusions Prostate adenocarcinoma is rare relatively in Tibet.The accuracy of diagnosis can be improved by using multiple immunohistochemical markers.The cases of grades 4 and 5 by pathological confirmed are relatively common in Tibet.P504s and E-cadherin are highly expressed in prostate adenocarcinoma patients in Tibet,while ERG presents low expression,ER is unexpressed.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , Erythroblasts , Humans , Male , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Receptors, Estrogen , Retrospective Studies , Tibet , Transurethral Resection of Prostate
11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 621-628, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888733

ABSTRACT

Multi-gene assays have emerged as crucial tools for risk stratification in early-stage breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of the 21-gene recurrence score (RS) in Chinese patients with pN0-1, estrogen receptor-positive (ER


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Clarifying the expression of breast cancer receptor is the key to clinical treatment for breast cancer. This study aims to explore the correlation between X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and their receptor types of breast cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 439 breast cancer patients who confirmed by pathology and performed X-ray examination were enrolled. The X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and the expression of their receptors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Luminal A type showed the highest proportion of spiculate masses, and the lowest calcification score, showing significant difference with other 3 subtypes (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Four molecular subtypes of breast cancer and their receptor expressions are correlated with X-ray and clinical characteristics, which can provide a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Female , Humans , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , X-Rays
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879549

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with autosomal dominant late-onset non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the pedigree were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the proband and other family members. Trio whole exome sequencing was carried out for 19 396 genes to identify potential pathogenic variants. Sanger sequencing was carried out to verify the candidate variant in the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his father were found to carry a c.1183+1delG p.? variant of the DFNA5 gene. The variant was confirmed to be co-segregating with the disease phenotype in the pedigree.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1183+1delG p.? variant of the DFNA5 gene probably underlay the late onset NSHL in this pedigree. Above finding has enabled accurate genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , China , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Receptors, Estrogen/genetics
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(12): 820-828, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156063

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the distribution of the main sociodemographic and clinicalpathological characteristics in women with breast cancer according to the molecular profile by immunohistochemistry. Methods A cross-sectional, retrospective, analytical and quantitative study was performed, with an analysis of 137 medical records from January 2015 to December 2018 of women attending the High Complexity in Oncology Unit of the city of Imperatriz, state of Maranhão, Brazil. The immunohistochemical profile of tumors based on the estrogen and progesterone receptor, Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor-type 2 (HER2) overexpression and Ki67 cell proliferation indexwas defined, fromwhich six molecular subtypes were determined: luminal A, luminal B-HER2 negative, luminal B-HER2 positive, triple negative, overexpression of HER2 and inconclusive. Results A total of 52.6% of the patients were postmenopausal, mean age 52.1 years old, brown (56.2%), had a schooling level < 9 years (40%), staging > IIB (52.6%) and 23.4% hadmetastasis. Invasive ductal carcinoma accounted for 84.7%, tumor size was 2 to 5 cm (48.9%), with lymph node involvement (56.2%), axillary lymphadenectomy in 67.2%, andmastectomy in 73.7% of the patients. Themost frequentmolecular subtype was the luminal B-HER2 negative (36.5%), and the luminal A subtype showed characteristics of better prognosis when compared with the others. Conclusion It was concluded that in the association of molecular subtypes with sociodemographic and clinical-pathological characteristics, there were no statistically significant results obtained, except for complementary therapy, referring to hormone therapy, and there was a high index of metastasis at diagnosis, which was a worrying factor and indicative of failures in the screening and early diagnosis of this population.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a distribuição das principais características sociodemográficas e clínico-patológicas em mulheres com câncer de mama segundo o perfil molecular pela imunohistoquímica. Métodos Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, analítico, descritivo e quantitativo, com análise de 137 prontuários do período de janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2018 de mulheres atendidas na Unidade de Assistência da Alta Complexidade em Oncologia da cidade de Imperatriz, MA, Brasil. Foi definido o perfil imunohistoquímico dos tumores baseado na avaliação dos receptores de estrogênio e progesterona, superexpressão de HER2 e índice de proliferação celular Ki67, de onde foram determinados seis subtipos moleculares: luminal A, luminal B-HER2 negativo, luminal B-HER2 positivo, triplo negativo, superexpressão de HER2 e inconclusivo. Resultados Foi demonstrado que 52,6% das pacientes eram pós-menopausadas, com idademédia de 52,1 anos, pardas (56,2%), tinhamgrau de escolaridade < 9 anos (40%), estadiamento > IIB (52,6%) e 23,4% tinham metástase. Carcinoma ductal invasivo representou 84,7%, o tamanho tumoral foi de 2 a 5 cm (48,9%), com comprometimento linfonodal (56,2%), com linfadenectomia axilar em 67,2% e mastectomia em 73,7% das pacientes. O subtipo molecularmais frequente foi o luminal B-HER2 negativo (36,5%), e o subtipo luminal A apresentou características de melhor prognóstico em relação aos demais. Conclusão Concluiu-se que na associação dos subtipos moleculares com as características sociodemográficas e clínico-patológicas não se obteve resultados com significância estatística, exceto para terapia complementar, referente à hormonioterapia, e houve elevado índice de metástase ao diagnóstico, o que representou um fator preocupante e indicativo de falhas no rastreio e diagnóstico precoce dessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Social Class , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Demography , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Mastectomy , Middle Aged
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(4): 284-288, Apr. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135623

ABSTRACT

Canine soft tissue sarcomas (STS) comprise a heterogeneous group of malignancies that share similar histopathological features, a low to moderate recurrence rate and low metastatic potential. In human medicine, the expression of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) in sarcomas has been studied to search for prognostic factors and new treatment targets. Similar studies have yet to be conducted in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate by immunohistochemistry (IHC) the ER and PR expression in a series of 80 cutaneous and subcutaneous sarcomas in dogs with histopathological features of peripheral nerve sheath tumor (PNST) and perivascular wall tumor (PWT). All cases were positive for PR and negative for ER. Tumors of high malignancy grade (grade III) exhibited higher PR expression than low-grade tumors (grade I). Tumors with mitotic activity greater than 9 mitotic figures/10 high power fields also exhibited higher PR expression. In addition, there was a positive correlation between cell proliferation (Ki67) and PR expression. Therefore, it is possible that progesterone plays a greater role than estrogen in the pathogenesis of these tumors. Future studies should explore the potential for selective progesterone receptor modulators as therapeutic agents in canine STS, as well as evaluating PR expression as a predictor of prognosis.(AU)


Sarcomas de tecidos moles (STM) caninos compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de neoplasias malignas, que apresentam alterações histopatológicas similares, baixa a moderada taxa de recorrência e baixo potencial metastático. Em medicina humana, a expressão de receptor para estrógeno (RE) e receptor para progesterona (RP) nos sarcomas tem sido estudada, visando a busca por fatores prognósticos e novos alvos para tratamentos. Na medicina veterinária, ainda não foram realizados estudos similares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar por imuno-histoquímica a expressão de RE e RP em uma série de 80 sarcomas cutâneos e subcutâneos de cães, com características histopatológicas de tumor de bainha de nervo periférico e tumor de parede perivascular. Todos os casos foram positivos para RP e negativos para RE. Tumores de alto grau de malignidade (grau III) exibiram maior expressão deste receptor que os tumores de baixo grau (grau I). Tumores com atividade mitótica maior que 9 figuras mitóticas/10 campos de grande aumento também exibiram maior expressão do RP. Em adição, houve correlação positiva entre o índice de proliferação celular (Ki67) e a expressão de RP. Assim, é possível que a progesterona desempenhe maior papel que o estrógeno na patogênese desses tumores. Futuros trabalhos poderão explorar o potencial dos moduladores seletivos de RP como agente terapêutico em STM caninos, bem como avaliar a expressão de RP como preditiva de prognóstico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Sarcoma , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/veterinary , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(12): 710-717, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057890

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To identify the biomarkers of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in early luminal breast cancer. Methods A cross-sectional study that included all patients with early or locallyadvanced luminal breast cancer submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 2013 and 2014. Demographic, clinic and pathologic data were retrieved from patient records. The expressions of the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), and Ki67 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The status of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was evaluated by IHC and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Independent predictors of clinic and pathologic response were evaluated by stepwise logistic regression models and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results Out of 298 patients identified, 115 were included in the analysis. Clinical complete response (cCR) was observed in 43.4% of the patients (49/113), and pathologic complete response (pCR) was observed in 7.1% (8/115) of the patients. The independent predictors of cCR were premenopausal status (p < 0.001), low PR expression (≤ 50% versus > 50%; p = 0.048), and Ki67 expression ≥ 14% (versus < 14%; p = 0.01). Patients with cCR were more commonly submitted to breast conserving surgery (34.7% versus 7.8%; p < 0.001). Increasing cut-off points for Ki67 expression were associated with an increase in specificity and a decrease in sensitivity to identify patients with cCR. Conclusion Premenopausal status, lower PR expression and higher Ki67 expression were associated with a higher rate of cCR to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in luminal breast cancer.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar biomarcadores de resposta à quimioterapia neoadjuvante em câncer luminal de mama. Métodos Estudo transversal em que foram incluídas todas as pacientes com câncer luminal de mama em estádio inicial ou localmente avançado que foram submetidas a quimioterapia neoadjuvante nos anos de 2013 e 2014. Dados demográficos, clínicos e patológicos foram obtidos de prontuários médicos. As expressões de receptor de estrogênio (RE), de receptor de progesterona (RP), e de Ki67 foram avaliadas por imuno-histoquímica (IHQ). A expressão do receptor tipo 2 do fator de crescimento epidérmico humano (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, HER2) foi avaliada por IHQ e hibridização in situ por imunofluorescência (HISI). Análises de regressão logística e de curva de característica de operação do receptor (COR) foram usadas para investigar fatores preditivos independentes de resposta clínica e patológica. Resultados De 298 pacientes identificadas, 115 foram incluídas na análise. Resposta clínica completa (RCc) foi observada em 43.4% das pacientes (49/113), e resposta patológica completa (RPc), em 7.1% (8/115). Os fatores preditivos independentes de RCc foram status menopausal (p < 0.001), baixa expressão de RP (≤ 50% versus > 50%; p = 0.048), e expressão de Ki67 ≥ 14% (versus < 14%; p = 0.01). Pacientes com RCc apresentaram maior probabilidade de serem submetidas a cirurgia conservadora da mama (34.7% versus 7.8%; p < 0.001). Aumento no ponto de corte para expressão de Ki67 foi associado a aumento da especificidade e redução da sensibilidade na identificação de pacientes com RCc. Conclusão Status premenopausal, baixa expressão de RP e maior expressão de Ki67 estiveram associados a maior taxa de RCc à quimioterapia neoadjuvante no câncer luminal de mama.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Menopause , Receptors, Progesterone/genetics , Ki-67 Antigen/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Receptors, Progesterone/metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Gene Expression , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Middle Aged
18.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 418-427, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056478

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Tooth eruption requires resorption of the alveolar bone interposed between the tooth germ and the oral mucosa (coronal bone). The cells responsible for bone resorption are the osteoclasts and their activity can be reduced or inactivated by estrogen hormone. We aimed to investigate the effects of estrogen on the process of tooth eruption in rats. Thirty-three Wistar rats, aged two-to-17-days, were divided into control, sham and estrogen-treated groups. After daily injections with estrogen, the animals were euthanized and the jaws removed and processed for histological analysis. We performed clinical examination, morphological analysis, quantification of the number of osteoclasts on the surface of the coronal bone and immunohistochemical analysis of estrogen receptor type alpha (ERα). Estrogen therapy was effective, which could be confirmed by the higher estrogen plasma levels on treated animals. However, it had no effect on tooth development or tooth eruption. Progressive bone resorption was observed and the number of osteoclasts on coronal bone was not affected on hormoneinjected animals, allowing tooth to erupt at the same time observed in untreated animals. Immunohistochemistry for ERα confirmed the presence of this type of receptor in osteoclasts, osteoblasts and osteocytes. Taken together, our results showed that estrogen stimulation was not sufficient to decrease the number of osteoclasts on the coronal bone, supporting the idea that, although estrogen may have a protective activity on bone resorption, this may not apply to the alveolar bone that is meant to be resorbed during eruptive process.


RESUMEN: La erupción dental requiere la resorción del hueso alveolar interpuesto entre el germen dental y la mucosa oral (hueso coronal). Las células responsables de la resorción ósea son los osteoclastos y su actividad puede reducirse o inactivarse por la hormona del estrógeno. Objetivos: apuntamos a investigar los efectos del estrógeno en el proceso de la erupción dental en ratas. Treinta y tres ratas Wistar, de dos a 17 días de edad, se dividieron en grupos de control, Sham y se trataron con estrógenos. Los animales fueron eutanizados después del tratamento con estrógeno y se procesaron las mandíbulas para el análisis histológico. Se realizó el examen clínico, el análisis morfológico, la cuantificación del número de osteoclastos en la superficie del hueso coronal y el análisis inmunohistoquímico del tipo de receptor de estrógeno alfa (ERα). La terapia de estrógeno fue eficaz, lo que podría ser confirmado por los niveles plasmáticos más altos de estrógeno en los animales tratados. Sin embargo, no se observó ningún efecto sobre el desarrollo de los dientes o la erupción dental. Se observó una resorción ósea progresiva y el número de osteoclastos en el hueso coronal no se vio afectado en los animales inyectados con hormonas, permitiendo que el diente erupcionó durante el mismo período de tiempo observado en animales no tratados. La inmunohistoquímica para el ERα confirmó la presencia de este tipo de receptor en los osteoclastos, osteoblastos y osteocitos. Nuestros resultados mostraron que la estimulación del estrógeno no fue suficiente para reducir el número de osteoclastos en el hueso coronal confirmando que, si bien el estrógeno puede tener una actividad protectora en la resorción ósea, esto puede no se aplica al hueso alveolar que está destinado a ser rerecurrido durante el proceso eruptivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Tooth Eruption/physiology , Bone Resorption/physiopathology , Receptors, Estrogen , Bone Remodeling/physiology , Animal Experimentation , Osteoclasts , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Ethics Committees , Rats, Wistar , Estradiol/pharmacology , Estrogens/administration & dosage , Estrogens/adverse effects , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Alveolar Process/physiology
19.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 36(1): 6-13, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002552

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de una femenina de 69 años con un carcinoma ductal in situ de la mama, el cual presentaba diferenciación apocrina y alto grado nuclear. La forma de presentación clínica se hizo patente en forma de microcalcificaciones detectadas en la mamografía, y corroboradas histológicamente como comedonecrosis. La diferenciación apocrina se comprobó por medio de tinciones de inmunohistoquímica. El diagnóstico se realizó en una biopsia excisional, pero dado a que uno de los márgenes se encontraba comprometido, la paciente se sometió posteriormente a una mastectomía.


Abstract We present the case of a 69 year old female diagnosed with a ductal in situ carcinoma of the breast. The tumor had apocrine differentiation and a high nuclear grade. The clinical presentation corresponded to microcalcifications detected on mammography, which were histologically patent in the form of comedo type necrosis. The aforementioned apocrine differentiation was reassured using the aid of immunohistochemistry. The biopsy was an excisional biopsy, but due to positive quirurgical margins, the patient was later reintervened for total mastectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Receptors, Androgen , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Costa Rica
20.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(1): eAO3434, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975108

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To define a predictive factor for pathologic complete response, compare the oncologic outcomes associated with the degree of pathologic response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and to analyze pathologic complete response as a prognostic factor for overall survival and progression-free survival. Methods A retrospective study of patients admitted to Hospital Estadual Mário Covas and Hospital Anchieta from 2008 to 2012, with locally advanced breast cancer. Hormone receptor status, HER2 status, histologic and nuclear grade, age upon diagnosis and histological type of the tumor were analyzed. Pathologic evaluation of the tumor was subdivided into pathologic complete response, defined by the absence of tumor; intermediate response, considered as a favorable stage; and poor response, considering low-responder patients. Data obtained were submitted to statistical analysis. Results The study included 243 patients. There was an association of pathologic complete response with HER-2 negative, histological grade 3, stage III, hormone receptor negative, positive lymph node, older age and more advanced tumors. However, after multivariate analysis the only predictor of pathologic complete response was the presence of negative hormone receptor. By analyzing the prognostic factors, hormone receptor negative was considered as an independent risk factor, and pathologic complete response was considered as an independent protective factor. Conclusion Hormone receptor negative is predictive of pathologic complete response and is an isolated risk factor for lower progression-free survival and overall survival. Pathologic complete response is a protective factor for these same survival analyses.


RESUMO Objetivo Definir um fator preditivo para resposta patológica completa, comparar os resultados oncológicos associados com o grau de resposta patológica, após quimioterapia neoadjuvante, e analisar a resposta patológica completa como fator prognóstico para sobrevivência global e livre de progressão de doença. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes admitidas no Hospital Estadual Mário Covas e Hospital Anchieta, no período de 2008 a 2012, com câncer de mama localmente avançado. Foram utilizados status dos receptores hormonais, proteína HER2, grau histológico e nuclear, idade do paciente ao diagnóstico e tipo histológico do tumor. A avaliação patológica do tumor foi subdividida em resposta patológica completa, definida com ausência de tumor; resposta intermediária, considerada como um estádio favorável; e resposta ruim, considerando os pacientes pouco respondedores. As informações obtidas foram submetidas à análise estatística. Resultados Foram incluídas 243 pacientes. Verificou-se associação de resposta patológica completa entre HER-2 negativo, grau histológico 3, estadiamento III, receptor hormonal negativo, linfonodo positivo, maior idade e tumores mais avançados. Porém, após análise multivariada, o único fator preditivo de resposta patológica completa foi presença de receptor hormonal negativo. Ao analisar fatores prognósticos, receptor hormonal negativo permaneceu como variável independente de risco, e resposta patológica completa, como variável independente de proteção. Conclusão O receptor hormonal negativo é fator preditivo isolado de resposta patológica completa e fator de risco para menor sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global. Já a resposta patológica completa é fator protetor para estas mesmas análises de sobrevivência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Receptors, Progesterone/analysis , Receptors, Estrogen/analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Reference Values , Time Factors , Breast Neoplasms/mortality , Breast Neoplasms/chemistry , Carcinoma/mortality , Carcinoma/chemistry , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Middle Aged
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