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1.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 124-130, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used medications associated with nephrotoxicity, especially when used chronically. Factors such as advanced age and comorbidities, which in themselves already lead to a decrease in glomerular filtration rate, increase the risk of NSAID-related nephrotoxicity. The main mechanism of NSAID action is cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme inhibition, interfering on arachidonic acid conversion into E2 prostaglandins E2, prostacyclins and thromboxanes. Within the kidneys, prostaglandins act as vasodilators, increasing renal perfusion. This vasodilatation is a counter regulation of mechanisms, such as the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system works and that of the sympathetic nervous system, culminating with compensation to ensure adequate flow to the organ. NSAIDs inhibit this mechanism and can lead to acute kidney injury (AKI). High doses of NSAIDs have been implicated as causes of AKI, especially in the elderly. The main form of AKI by NSAIDs is hemodynamically mediated. The second form of NSAID-induced AKI is acute interstitial nephritis, which may manifest as nephrotic proteinuria. Long-term NSAID use can lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD). In patients without renal diseases, young and without comorbidities, NSAIDs are not greatly harmful. However, because of its dose-dependent effect, caution should be exercised in chronic use, since it increases the risk of developing nephrotoxicity.


Resumo Os anti-inflamatórios não esteroidais (AINEs) são medicamentos comumente utilizados, associados à nefrotoxicidade, sobretudo quando utilizados cronicamente. Fatores como idade avançada e comorbidades, que por si só já levam à diminuição da taxa de filtração glomerular, aumentam o risco de nefrotoxicidade dos AINEs. O principal mecanismo de ação dos AINEs é a inibição da enzima ciclooxigenase (COX), interferindo na conversão do ácido araquidônico em prostaglandinas E2, prostaciclinas e tromboxanos. Nos rins, as prostaglandinas atuam como vasodilatadoras, aumentando a perfusão renal. Essa vasodilatação atua como uma contrarregulação de mecanismos, como a atuação do sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona e do sistema nervoso simpático, culminando com uma compensação para assegurar o fluxo adequado ao órgão. O uso de AINEs inibe esse mecanismo, podendo causar lesão renal aguda (LRA). Altas doses de AINEs têm sido implicadas como causas de LRA, especialmente em idosos. A principal forma de LRA por AINEs é a hemodinamicamente mediada. A segunda forma de apresentação da LRA induzida por AINES é a nefrite intersticial aguda, que pode se manifestar com proteinúria nefrótica. O uso de AINEs em longo prazo pode ocasionar doença renal crônica (DRC). Nos pacientes sem doenças renais, jovens e sem comorbidades, os AINEs não apresentam grandes malefícios. Entretanto, por seu efeito dose-dependente, deve-se ter grande cautela no uso crônico, por aumentar risco de desenvolver nefrotoxicidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/chemically induced , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Nephritis, Interstitial/chemically induced , Prostaglandins E/metabolism , Proteinuria/chemically induced , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/metabolism , Risk Factors , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/metabolism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Acute Kidney Injury/physiopathology , Nephritis, Interstitial/physiopathology
2.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 94(5): 525-531, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-975998

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To identify risk factors for chronic kidney disease progression in Brazilian children and to evaluate the interactions between factors. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective cohort in São Paulo, involving 209 children with CKD stages 3-4. The study outcome included: (a) death, (b) start of kidney replacement therapy, (c) eGFR decrease >50% during the followup. Thirteen risk factors were tested using univariate regression models, followed by multivariable Cox regression models. The terms of interaction between the variables showing significant association with the outcome were then introduced to the model. Results: After a median follow-up of 2.5 years (IQR = 1.4-3.0), the outcome occurred in 44 cases (21%): 22 started dialysis, 12 had >50% eGFR decrease, seven underwent transplantation, and three died. Advanced CKD stage at onset (HR = 2.16, CI = 1.14-4.09), nephrotic proteinuria (HR = 2.89, CI = 1.49-5.62), age (HR = 1.10, CI = 1.01-1.17), systolic blood pressure Z score (HR = 1.36, CI = 1.08-1.70), and anemia (HR = 2.60, CI = 1.41-4.77) were associated with the outcome. An interaction between anemia and nephrotic proteinuria at V1 (HR = 0.25, CI = 0.06-1.00) was detected. Conclusions: As the first CKD cohort in the southern hemisphere, this study supports the main factors reported in developed countries with regards to CKD progression, affirming the potential role of treatments to slow CKD evolution. The detected interaction suggests that anemia may be more deleterious for CKD progression in patients without proteinuria and should be further studied.


Resumo Objetivo: Identificar os fatores de risco para progressão da DRC em crianças do Brasil e avaliar as interações entre os fatores. Métodos: Coorte prospectiva multicêntrica em São Paulo, envolvendo 209 crianças com DRC em estágios 3-4. O desfecho do estudo incluiu: a) óbito, b) início da terapia de substituição renal, c) redução de > 50% na taxa estimada de filtração glomerular (eGFR) durante o acompanhamento. Foram testados 13 fatores de risco com o modelo de regressão univariada seguido do modelo de regressão multivariado de Cox. Os termos de interação entre as variáveis mostraram associação significativa e foram introduzidos ao modelo. Resultados: Após média de acompanhamento de 2,5 anos (IIQ = 1,4 a 3,0), 44 casos (21%) apresentaram desfecho: 22 iniciaram diálise, 12 apresentaram redução de > 50% na eGFR, sete foram submetidos a transplante e três morreram. Estágio avançado de DRC no acometimento (RR = 2,16, IC = 1,14-4,09), proteinúria nefrótica (RR = 2,89, IC = 1,49-5,62), idade (RR - 1,10, IC = 1,01-1,17), escore Z da pressão arterial sistólica (RR = 1,36, IC = 1,08-1,70) e anemia (RR = 2,60, IC - 1,41-4,77) foram associados ao resultado. Foi detectada interação entre anemia e proteinúria nefrótica na primeira visita (V1) (RR = 0,25, IC = 0,06-1,00). Conclusões: Como a primeira coorte de DRC no hemisfério sul, este estudo é concordante com os principais fatores relatados em países desenvolvidos com relação à progressão da DRC, afirmando o possível papel dos tratamentos para mostrar a evolução da DRC. A interação detectada sugere que a anemia pode ser mais nociva na progressão da DRC em pacientes sem proteinúria e deve ser ainda mais estudada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Disease Progression , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Socioeconomic Factors , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies
3.
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(1): 73-76, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040236

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Secondary hyperoxalemia is a multifactorial disease that affects several organs and tissues in patients with native or transplanted kidneys. Plasma oxalate may increase during renal failure because it is cleared from the body by the kidneys. However, there is scarce evidence about the association between glomerular filtration rate and plasma oxalate, especially in the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: A case series focuses on the description of variations in clinical presentation. A pilot study was conducted using a cross-sectional analysis with 72 subjects. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and plasma oxalate levels were measured for all patients. Results: Median (IQR) GFR was 70.50 [39.0; 91.0] mL/min/1.73 m2. Plasma oxalate was < 5.0 µmol/L in all patients with a GFR > 30 mL/min/1.73m2. Among the 14 patients with severe CKD (GFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2) only 4 patients showed a slightly increased plasma oxalate level (between 6 and 12 µmol/L). Conclusion: In non-primary hyperoxaluria, plasma oxalate concentration increases when GFR < 30mL/min/1.73 m2 and, in our opinion, values greater than 5 µmol/L with a GFR > 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 are suggestive of primary hyperoxaluria. Further studies are necessary to confirm plasma oxalate increase in patients with low GFR levels (< 30mL/min/1.73 m2).


RESUMO Introdução: A hiperoxalemia secundária é uma doença multifatorial que afeta vários órgãos e tecidos em pacientes com rins nativos ou transplantados. O oxalato plasmático pode aumentar durante a insuficiência renal porque é eliminado do corpo pelos rins. No entanto, há evidências escassas sobre a associação entre taxa de filtração glomerular e oxalato plasmático, especialmente nos estágios iniciais da doença renal crônica (DRC). Métodos: uma casuística centrada na descrição das variações na apresentação clínica. Foi realizado um estudo piloto a partir da análise transversal com 72 indivíduos. As taxas de filtração glomerular (TFG) e os níveis plasmáticos de oxalato foram medidos para todos os pacientes. Resultados: A TFG mediana (IIQ) foi de 70,50 [39,0; 91,0] mL/min/1,73 m2. O nível plasmático de oxalato foi < 5,0 µmol/L em todos os pacientes com TFG > 30 mL/min/1,73 m2. Entre os 14 pacientes com DRC grave (TFG < 30 mL/min/1,73 m2), apenas quatro apresentaram ligeiro aumento do nível plasmático de oxalato (entre 6 e 12 µmol/L). Conclusão: Na hiperoxalúria não primária, a concentração plasmática de oxalato aumenta quando TFG < 30 mL/min/1,73 m2 e, em nossa opinião, valores superiores a 5 µmol/L com TFG > 30 mL/min/1,73 m2 sugerem presença de hiperoxalúria primária. Estudos adicionais são necessários para confirmar o aumento do oxalato plasmático em pacientes com níveis baixos de TFG (< 30 mL/min/1,73 m2).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oxalates/blood , Iohexol/metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Pilot Projects
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e2978, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-901952

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the therapeutic effect of music on anxiety and vital parameters in patients with chronic kidney disease when compared to patients receiving conventional care in hemodialysis clinics. Method: randomized clinical trial conducted in three renal replacement therapy clinics. Sixty people with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis were randomly allocated to an experimental group and a control group, 30 persons per group). State anxiety was evaluated in both groups by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. A t-test was used to verify the effect of the experimental manipulation on the variables. Results: we found a statistically significant difference between the groups regarding the degree of anxiety experienced during hemodialysis sessions. The experimental group presented a statistically significant reduction of anxiety scores (p = 0.03), systolic blood pressure (p < 0.002), diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.002), heart rate (p < 0.01) and respiratory rate (p < 0.006) after listening to music. Conclusion: music represents a potential resource for nursing intervention to reduce state anxiety during hemodialysis sessions. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-64b7x7.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o efeito de uma intervenção musical sobre a ansiedade e parâmetros vitais em doentes renais crônicos em comparação ao cuidado convencional de clínicas de hemodiálise. Método: ensaio clínico controlado randomizado realizado em três clínicas de terapia renal substitutiva. Foram alocadas aleatoriamente 60 pessoas com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise (30 no grupo experimental e 30 no grupo controle). A ansiedade-estado foi avaliada em ambos os grupos pelo State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Para verificar o efeito da manipulação experimental sobre as variáveis estudadas foi utilizado o teste t de Student. Resultados: houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos no que diz respeito à ansiedade durante a sessão de hemodiálise. O grupo experimental apresentou redução estatisticamente significativa do escore de ansiedade após a audição musical (p = 0,03), bem como pressão arterial sistólica (p < 0,002), pressão arterial diastólica (p < 0,002), frequência cardíaca (p < 0,01) e frequência respiratória (p < 0,006). Conclusão: a música apresenta-se como uma potencial intervenção de enfermagem para a redução da ansiedade-estado durante sessões de hemodiálise. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaio Clinico: RBR-64b7x7.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de una intervención musical sobre la ansiedad y parámetros vitales en enfermos renales crónicos en comparación al cuidado convencional de clínicas de hemodiálisis. Método: ensayo clínico controlado, aleatorizado, realizado en tres clínicas de terapia renal substitutiva. Fueron asignadas aleatoriamente 60 personas con enfermedad renal crónica en hemodiálisis (30 en el grupo experimental y 30 en el grupo control). La ansiedad- estado fue evaluada en ambos grupos por el State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Para verificar el efecto de la manipulación experimental sobre las variables estudiadas fue utilizado el test t de Student. Resultados: hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos en lo que dice respecto a la ansiedad durante la sesión de hemodiálisis. El grupo experimental presentó reducción estadísticamente significativa del escore de ansiedad después de audición musical (p = 0,03), así como presión arterial sistólica (p < 0,002), presión arterial diastólica (p < 0,002), frecuencia cardíaca (p < 0,01) y frecuencia respiratoria (p < 0,006). Conclusión: la música se presenta como una potencial intervención de enfermería para la reducción de la ansiedad-estado durante sesiones de hemodiálisis. Registro Brasilero de Ensayo Clínico: RBR-64b7x7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety/therapy , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Vital Signs , Music Therapy , Anxiety/etiology , Renal Dialysis/psychology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/psychology
6.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(6): 535-544, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-899472

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim Amyloid A amyloidosis is a rare complication of chronic inflammatory conditions. Most patients with amyloid A amyloidosis present with nephropathy and it leads to renal failure and death. We studied clinical characteristics and survival in patients with amyloid A amyloidosis. Methods: A total of 81 patients (51 males, 30 females) with renal biopsy proven amyloid A amyloidosis were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into good and poor outcomes groups according to survival results. Results: Most of the patients (55.6%) had nephrotic range proteinuria at diagnosis. Most frequent underlying disorders were familial Mediterranean fever (21.2%) and rheumatoid arthritis (10.6%) in the good outcome group and malignancy (20%) in the poor outcome group. Only diastolic blood pressure in the good outcome group and phosphorus level in the poor outcome group was higher. Serum creatinine levels increased after treatment in both groups, while proteinuria in the good outcome group decreased. Increase in serum creatinine and decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate of the poor outcome group were more significant in the good outcome group. At the time of diagnosis 18.5% and 27.2% of all patients had advanced chronic kidney disease (stage 4 and 5, respectively). Median duration of renal survival was 65 ± 3.54 months. Among all patients, 27.1% were started dialysis treatment during the follow-up period and 7.4% of all patients underwent kidney transplantation. Higher levels of systolic blood pressure [hazard ratios 1.03, 95% confidence interval: 1-1.06, p = 0.036], serum creatinine (hazard ratios 1.25, 95% confidence interval: 1.07-1.46, p = 0.006) and urinary protein excretion (hazard ratios 1.08, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.16, p = 0.027) were predictors of end-stage renal disease. Median survival of patients with organ involvement was 50.3 ± 16 months. Conclusion Our study indicated that familial Mediterranean fever constituted a large proportion of cases and increased number of patients with idiopathic amyloid A amyloidosis. Additionally, it was observed that patient survival was not affected by different etiological causes in amyloid A amyloidosis.


Resumo Objetivo: A amiloidose AA é uma complicação rara de condições inflamatórias crônicas. A maior parte dos pacientes com amiloidose AA apresenta nefropatia, que leva à insuficiência renal e à morte. Estudaram-se as características clínicas e a sobrevida em pacientes com amiloidose AA. Métodos: Analisaram-se retrospectivamente 81 pacientes (51 homens, 30 mulheres) com amiloidose AA comprovada por biópsia renal. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos de desfecho bom e ruim de acordo com os resultados de sobrevida. Resultados: A maior parte dos pacientes (55,6%) tinha proteinúria na faixa nefrótica no momento do diagnóstico. Os distúrbios subjacentes mais frequentes foram a febre familiar do Mediterrâneo (FFM, 21,2%) e a artrite reumatoide (10,6%) no grupo de desfecho bom e a malignidade (20%) no grupo de desfecho ruim. Somente a pressão arterial diastólica no grupo de desfecho bom e o nível de fósforo no grupo de desfecho ruim foram mais elevados. Os níveis séricos de creatinina aumentaram após o tratamento em ambos os grupos, enquanto a proteinúria diminuiu no grupo de desfecho bom. O aumento na creatinina sérica e a diminuição na TFGe do grupo de desfecho ruim foram mais significativos no grupo de desfecho bom. No momento do diagnóstico, 18,5% e 27,2% de todos os pacientes tinham doença renal crônica avançada (estágios 4 e 5, respectivamente). A duração média da sobrevida renal foi de 65 ± 3,54 meses. Entre todos os pacientes, 27,1% iniciaram tratamento de diálise durante o período de seguimento e 7,4% de todos os pacientes foram submetidos a transplante renal. Níveis elevados de pressão arterial sistólica [taxas de risco (HR) 1,03, intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95%: 1 a 1,06, p = 0,036], creatinina sérica (HR 1,25, IC 95%: 1,07 a 1,46, p = 0,006) e excreção urinária de proteínas (HR 1,08, IC 95%: 1,01 a 1,16, p = 0,027) foram preditores de doença renal terminal. A mediana da sobrevida de pacientes com comprometimento de órgãos foi de 50,3 ± 16 meses. Conclusão: O presente estudo indicou que a FFM constituiu uma grande proporção de casos e crescente quantidade de pacientes com amiloidose AA idiopática. Adicionalmente, observou-se que a sobrevida do paciente não foi afetada pelas diferentes causas etiológicas na amiloidose AA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Familial Mediterranean Fever/mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Amyloidosis/mortality , Familial Mediterranean Fever/complications , Proteinuria/urine , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Creatinine/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Amyloidosis/complications , Amyloidosis/physiopathology , Middle Aged
7.
Medisan ; 21(10)oct. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-894563

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El daño renal agudo producido por el empleo de medios de contraste es una complicación que a menudo se subestima desde el punto de vista clínico. En general, existen bajos índices de presunción y de diagnóstico y se asocia a intervenciones diagnósticas y terapéuticas, como la coronariografía percutánea. Objetivo: Evaluar los factores de riesgo relacionados con la aparición de nefropatía en pacientes que recibieron coronariografía percutánea. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y analítico de 37 pacientes que requirieron coronariografía percutánea en el Cardiocentro del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico Carlos J. Finlay de La Habana, desde octubre de 2009 hasta enero de 2010. Para ello se conformaron tres grupos de riesgo (bajo, mediano o alto) de acuerdo al número de factores presentes, y todos los integrantes fueron tratados con solución salina fisiológica a 1 mL/kg/h. Se determinó la existencia de daño renal agudo si se producía un incremento de la creatinina sérica de 25 por ciento o más a las 72 horas de practicado el procedimiento, en comparación con las cifras obtenidas inicialmente. Resultados: Se indujo la nefropatía solo en 4 pacientes (10,8 por ciento), 3 de los cuales pertenecían al grupo de alto riesgo. No existió afectación alguna en los integrantes del grupo de bajo riesgo. Conclusiones: Los resultados de este estudio sugirieron la presencia de factores de riesgo que condicionan la aparición de una nefropatía luego del uso de la coronariografía percutánea, sobre todo si convergen dos o más de ellos en un mismo paciente


Introduction: Acute renal damage provoked due to the use of contrast means is a complication that is often underestimated from the clinical point of view. In general, there are low rates of presumption and diagnosis and it is associated with diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, as the percutaneous coronariography. Objective: To evaluate risk factors related to the emergence of nephropathy in patients that received percutaneous coronariography. Methods: A descriptive and analytic study of 37 patients that required percutaneous coronariography was carried out in the Cardiology Center of Carlos J. Finlay Clinical-Surgical Hospital in Havana, from October, 2009 to January, 2010. Three risk groups (low, medium or high) were conformed for that purpose according to the number of present factors, and all the members were treated with physiologic saline solution to 1 mL/kg/h. The existence of acute renal damage was determined if a 25 percent increment or more of seric creatinin took place at 72 hours of having practiced the procedure, in comparison with the figures obtained initially. Results: Nephropathy was just induced in 4 patients (10.8 percent), 3 of which belonged to the high risk group. There was no affectation in the members of the low risk group. Conclusions: The results of this study suggested the presence of risk factors that condition the emergence of a nephropathy after using percutaneous coronariography, mainly if two or more converge in the same patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiac Catheterization , Coronary Angiography , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Kidney Diseases , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Risk Factors , Contrast Media , Creatinine
8.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 46(3): 256-265, jul.-set. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-901225

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el diagnóstico histopatológico de necrosis tubular aguda, generalmente de causa isquémica o nefrotóxica, se encuentra muy relacionado con el desarrollo de insuficiencia renal aguda. Objetivo: analizar la presencia de diagnóstico histopatológico de necrosis tubular aguda en los egresados fallecidos autopsiados y explorar la relación con posibles factores favorecedores. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo, observacional de las autopsias en el Hospital Militar Central Dr. Luis Díaz Soto, en el período 1962 al 2015. Se estableció en ellas el diagnóstico histopatológico de necrosis tubular aguda y se analizó el comportamiento de variables demográficas, clínicas y anatomopatológicas. Resultados: se registraron 843 341 egresados, de ellos 25 213 fallecidos (índice de mortalidad 3,0), se realizaron 18 630 autopsias (índice autopsia 75,3 por ciento), en estas se estableció diagnóstico de necrosis tubular aguda en 6.264 (33,6 por ciento). Predominaron los pacientes masculinos y los mayores de 45 años de edad. El shock (22,3 por ciento), la bronconeumonía (16,3 por ciento), la aterosclerosis coronaria(18,5 por ciento) y el edema pulmonar (11,3 por ciento) constituyeron las principales causas directas de muerte. La aterosclerosis coronaria (18,5 por ciento) fue la principal causa básica de muerte. Conclusiones: se registró un incremento sostenido de egresos, de fallecidos y de autopsias practicadas, así como del diagnóstico histopatológico de necrosis tubular aguda. Predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino y aquellos mayores de 45 años de edad. Las principales causas directas de muerte en estos fueron el shock, la bronconeumonía y el edema pulmonar. La aterosclerosis fue la principal causa básica de muerte(AU)


Introduction: The histopathological diagnosis of acute tubular necrosis, usually of ischemic or nephrotoxic cause, is closely related to the development of acute renal failure. Objective: To analyze the presence of histopathological diganosis of acute tubular necrosis in deceased autopsied and to explore the relationship with possible favoring factors. Method: Retrospective, observational study, with descriptive statistical study of the autopsies at the Central Military Hospital Dr. Luis Díaz Soto in the period from 1962 to 2015. The histopathological diagnosis of acute tubular necrosis was done and demographic, clinical and anatomopathological variables were analyzed. Results: 843 341 discharged from hospital were recorded, of which 25 213 died (mortality rate 3.0), 18 630 autopsies were performed (autopsy rate 75.3 percent). In these cases a diagnosis of acute tubular necrosis was done in 6 264 (33.6 percent). Male patients and those over 45 years of age predominated. Shock (22.3 percent), bronchopneumonia (16.3 percent), coronary atherosclerosis (18.5 percent) and pulmonary edema (11.3 percent) were the main direct causes of death. Coronary atherosclerosis (18.5 percent) was the main underlying cause of death. Conclusions: There was a sustained increase in discharged patients, deaths and autopsies, as well as the histopathological diagnosis of acute tubular necrosis. Male patients predominated and those older than 45 years of age. The main direct causes of death in these were shock, bronchopneumonia and pulmonary edema. Atherosclerosis was the leading cause of death(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autopsy/methods , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute/diagnosis , Shock/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 39(2): 186-195, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-893758

ABSTRACT

Abstract Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are susceptible to the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias. The leading cause of death in dialysis patients is cardiac arrhythmias. The pathophysiology of arrhythmias in this population is complex and seems to be related to structural cardiac abnormalities caused by CKD, associated with several triggers, such as water and electrolyte disorders, hormonal conditions, arrhythmogenic drugs, and the dialysis procedure itself. Little is known about the clinical outcomes in CKD patients with asymptomatic ventricular arrhythmias. The results of treatments with anti-arrhythmic drugs and invasive devices are controversial in these patients, according to the available literature. The aim of this study was to review this often-neglected topic, which is of special importance in the CKD population.


Resumo A população com doença renal crônica (DRC) está vulnerável à ocorrência de arritmias ventriculares. Os distúrbios do rítmo cardíaco constituem a principal causa de morte em pacientes dialíticos. A fisiopatologia das arritmias nesta população é complexa e parece relacionar-se às alterações da estrutura cardíaca causadas pela DRC, associadas a diversos gatilhos, tais como: distúrbios hidro-eletrolíticos e hormonais, uso de drogas arritmogênicas e aqueles relacionados ao próprio procedimento dialítico. Pouco se sabe sobre os desfechos clínicos dos pacientes com DRC portadores de arritmias ventriculares assintomáticas. O tratamento desta população com anti-arrítmicos e dispositivos invasivos tem resultados controversos na literatura. O objetivo desse trabalho foi revisar este tema muitas vezes negligenciado, mas de especial importância na população com DRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology
11.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 36(1): 47-54, 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-876018

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Insuficiência renal crônica (IRC) é definida como uma condição fisiopatológica com perda progressiva e irreversível da função renal. A perda superior a 75% da taxa de filtração glomerular resulta em uma instabilidade hídrica e eletrolítica. Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de casos de insuficiência renal crônica na cidade de Rio Verde-Goiás que foram atendidos pelo Serviço Médico de Atendimento de Urgência de Rio Verde, Goiás (SAMU/RV). Método: trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico, transversal e documental, realizado através de consulta ao banco de dados do SAMU/RV referente ao período 2014-2015. Resultado e Discussão: a prevalência de IRC foi de 41,20% em 2014 e 38,20% em 2015, em relação aos outros atendimentos realizados pelo SAMU/Rio Verde por queixas nefrológicas nessa mesma data. Conclusão: Os resultados indicaram alta prevalência de casos de atendimento de IRC pelo SAMU/RV no período de 2014-2015. (AU)


Introduction: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is defined as a pathophysiological condition with progressive and irreversible loss of renal function. Loss greater than 75% of the glomerular filtration rate results in water and electrolyte instability. Objective: In this way, the study sought to evaluate the prevalence of chronic renal failure in the city of Rio Verde-Goiás, which was attended by the Emergency Medical Service of Rio Verde, Goiás (SAMU/RV). Method: This is an epidemiological, cross-sectional and documentary study, carried out by consulting the SAMU/RV database for the period 2014-2015. Results and Discussion: the prevalence of CRI was 41.20% in 2014 and 38.20% in 2015, in relation to the other visits performed by SAMU/Rio Verde for nephrological complaints at the same date. Conclusion: The results indicated a high prevalence of cases of CKI care by the SAMU/RV in the period 2014-2015. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Medicine , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Diseases/complications
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e6106, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-839292

ABSTRACT

Urinary biomarkers can predict the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) were correlated with the stages of CKD, and the association of these biomarkers with CKD progression and adverse outcomes was determined. A total of 250 patients, including 111 on hemodialysis, were studied. Urinary KIM-1, NGAL, and NAG were measured at baseline. Patients not on dialysis at baseline who progressed to a worse CKD stage were compared with those who did not progress. The association of each biomarker and selected covariates with progression to more advanced stages of CKD, end-stage kidney disease, or death was evaluated by Poisson regression. NGAL was moderately correlated (rs=0.467, P<0.001) with the five stages of CKD; KIM-1 and NAG were also correlated, but weakly. Sixty-four patients (46%) progressed to a more advanced stage of CKD. Compared to non-progressors, those patients exhibited a trend to higher levels of KIM-1 (P=0.064) and NGAL (P=0.065). In patients not on dialysis at baseline, NGAL was independently associated with progression of CKD, ESKD, or death (RR=1.022 for 300 ng/mL intervals; CI=1.007-1.037, P=0.004). In patients on dialysis, for each 300-ng/mL increase in urinary NGAL, there was a 1.3% increase in the risk of death (P=0.039). In conclusion, urinary NGAL was associated with adverse renal outcomes and increased risk of death in this cohort. If baseline urinary KIM-1 and NGAL predict progression to worse stages of CKD is something yet to be explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Acetylglucosaminidase/urine , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1/analysis , Lipocalin-2/urine , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/pathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/urine , Age Factors , Analysis of Variance , Biomarkers/urine , Creatinine/blood , Creatinine/urine , Disease Progression , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Predictive Value of Tests , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 29(1): 13-18, jan.-fev.2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-797107

ABSTRACT

Doenças cardiovasculares são frequentes no curso da insuficiência renal crônica, constituem importante causa de óbito, e causam 1/3 das hospitalizações de doentes dialíticos. Hiperparatireoidismo secundárioé o distúrbio metabólico mais comum na insuficiência renal, cuja fisiopatologia envolve alterações no equilíbriodo cálcio, fósforo, calcitriol e paratormônio. Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de alterações ecocardiográficas em pacientes renais crônicos com hiperparatireoidismo secundário, de acordo com níveis plasmáticos de paratormônio.Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, realizado com base em dados registrados em prontuários entre 2005 e 2007,incluindo 52 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com doença renal crônica em programa regular de diálise, estratificados com base nos níveis plasmáticos de paratormônio em três grupos: Grupo I ≤ 299pg/mL (n=10); Grupo II entre 300-499 pg/mL (n=21); e Grupo III ≥500 pg/mL (n=21). Foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros ecocardiográficos: diâmetros da raiz da aorta, do átrio esquerdo e dos ventrículos; espessuras do septo e da parede posterior; fração de ejeção; e volumes diastólico e sistólico finais.Resultados: A análise comparativa dos achados ecocardiográficos nos três grupos revelou que a única variávelque apresentou significância estatística (p 0,009) foi a espessura diastólica da parede posterior. Conclusão: Doentes renais crônicos com hiperparatireoidismo secundário podem apresentar alteraçõesecocardiográficas, algumas das quais apresentam correlação com níveis circulantes de paratormônio....


Background: Cardiovascular diseases are frequent in the course of chronic kidney disease, are an important cause of death, and cause 1/3 of hospitalizations of patients on dialysis. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is the most common metabolic disorder in kidney failure. Its pathophysiology involves changes in the balance of calcium, phosphorus, calcitriol and parathyroid hormone. Objective: To assess the prevalence of echocardiographic abnormalities in chronic kidney disease patients with secondaryhyperparathyroidism, according to plasma levels of parathyroid hormone.Methods: Retrospective study conducted based on data recorded in medical records between 2005 and 2007, including 52 individuals of both sexes with chronic kidney disease on a regular dialysis program, stratified based on plasma levels of parathyroid hormoneinto three groups: Group I ≤ 299pg/mL (n=10); Group II between 300-499 pg/mL (n=21); and Group III ≥500 pg/mL (n=21).We evaluated the following echocardiographic parameters: aortic root diameter, left atrial and ventricular diameter; septal and posteriorwall thickness; ejection fraction; and end diastolic and systolic volumes. Results: The comparative analysis of the echocardiographic findings in the three groups revealed that the only variable presenting statistical significance (p 0.009) was diastolic posterior wall thickness. Conclusion: Patients with chronic kidney disease with secondary hyperparathyroidism may present echocardiographic changes, some of which correlate with circulating levels of parathyroid hormone...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Patients , Chronic Disease , Calcium/analysis , Calcitriol/analysis , Renal Dialysis/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Phosphorus/analysis , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Kidney/physiopathology , Statistical Analysis
15.
Clinics ; 71(1): 22-27, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-771949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate exercise tolerance and the reproducibility of the six-minute walk test in Brazilian children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease and to compare their functional exercise capacities with reference values for healthy children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study assessed the use of the six-minute walk test in children and adolescents aged 6-16 with stage V chronic kidney disease. For statistical analysis of exercise tolerance, including examinations of correlations and comparisons with reference values, the longest walked distances were considered. The reproducibility of the six-minute walk test was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients (14 females and 24 males) were evaluated, including 5 on peritoneal dialysis, 12 on hemodialysis and 21 who had undergone renal transplantation, with a median age of 11.2 years (6.5-16). The median walked distance was 538.5 meters (413-685) and the six-minute walk test was found to be reproducible. The walked distance was significantly correlated with age (r=0.66), weight (r=0.76), height (r=0.82), the height Z score (r=0.41), hemoglobin (r=0.46), hematocrit (r=0.47) and post-test systolic blood pressure (r=0.39). The chronic kidney disease patients predicted walked distance was 84.1% of the reference value according to age, 90.6% according to age-corrected height and 87.4% according to a predictive equation. CONCLUSIONS: The stage V chronic kidney disease patients had a significantly decreased functional exercise capacity, as measured by the six-minute walk test, compared with the healthy pediatric reference values. In addition, the six-minute walk test was shown to be well tolerated, reliable and applicable as a low-cost tool to monitor functional exercise capacity in patients with renal disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Exercise Test , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Walking/physiology , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyspnea/physiopathology , Healthy Volunteers/statistics & numerical data , Predictive Value of Tests , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
16.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 32(3): 245-251, 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1009380

ABSTRACT

Se trata de un estudio observacional, analítico y prospectivo cuyo objetivo es analizar la concentración de enzimas cardíacas en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en hemodiálisis sin evidencia clínica de cardiopatía isquémica aguda, hospitalizados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Universitario de Caracas, Venezuela durante el período 2014-2015. Métodos: Se tomó muestra de suero a 48 pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en hemodiálisis sin evidencia de cardiopatía isquémica aguda, y se midieron las concentraciones de creatin quinasa (CK), creatin quinasa fracción MB (CK-MB) y Troponina I (Tn-I) antes y después de la diálisis. Resultados: la mediana de los valores obtenidos de CK fue 42 prediálisis y 38 postdiálisis (p = 0,434), CK-MB: 10 pre y postdiálisis (p = 0,629), con respecto a troponina I, la mediana fue 0,00 pre y postdiálisis (p = 0,586). Se obtuvo valores dentro de límites normales de CK en 91,1% pre y 93,3% postdiálisis, CKMB 93,3% prediálisis y postdiálisis y Troponina I en 97,67% pre y 95,35% postdiálisis. Conclusiones: no se evidenciaron cambios significativos en las concentraciones de CK, CK-MB y Troponina I tanto pre como postdiálisis, encontrándose dentro de la normalidad en más de 90% de los casos. No se encontró relación entre concentración Troponina I, CK y CK-MB según edad, sexo, factores de riesgo cardiovasculares (diabetes mellitus e hipertensión arterial) y tiempo de hemodiálisis. Cualquiera de las enzimas puede tener utilidad clínica, siendo de preferencia las más cardioespecíficas, individualizando cada caso según su clínica y sus valores basales de enzimas cardíacas(AU)


This is an observational, analytical prospective study aimed to analyze cardiac enzymes concentrations in chronic kidney disease patients in hemodialysis without evidence of acute coronary disease at Internal Medicine Service of Hospital Universitario de Caracas, Venezuela during 2014-2015. Methods: serum samples were taken in 46 patients' with chronic kidney disease in hemodialysis without evidence of acute coronary disease and creatin kinase (CK), creatin kinase fraction MB (CK-MB) and Troponin I (Tn-I) were measured before and after hemodialysis. Results: was 42 predialysis and 38 postdialysis (p = 0.434), CK-MB 10 predialysis and post-dialysis (p = 0.629) the median value of troponin I, was 0.00 before and after dialysis (p = 0.586). It was obtained values within normal range of CK in 91.1% and 93.3% pre and post-dialysis, CK-MB in 93.3% predialysis and postdialysis and Troponin I in 97.67% pre and 95.35 % postdialysis. Conclusions: No significant changes were found in concentrations of CK, CK-MB and Troponin I bothpre and post-dialysis, with normal values in over 90% of cases. No relationship between concentration of Troponin I, CK and CK-MB and age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors (diabetes and hypertension) or time in hemodialysis were found. Any of the enzymes may have clinical utility, being the cardiospecific ones preferably, individualizing each case based on clinical and baseline cardiac enzymes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Troponin I , Coronary Disease/physiopathology , Enzymes , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis , Internal Medicine
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-48265

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a widely used index of kidney function. Recently, new formulas such as the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations or the Lund-Malmö equation were introduced for assessing eGFR. We compared them with the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation in the Korean adult population. METHODS: The study population comprised 1,482 individuals (median age 51 [42-59] yr, 48.9% males) who received annual physical check-ups during the year 2014. Serum creatinine (Cr) and cystatin C (CysC) were measured. We conducted a retrospective analysis using five GFR estimating equations (MDRD Study, revised Lund-Malmö, and Cr and/or CysC-based CKD-EPI equations). Reduced GFR was defined as eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. RESULTS: For the GFR category distribution, large discrepancies were observed depending on the equation used; category G1 (≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2) ranged from 7.4-81.8%. Compared with the MDRD Study equation, the other four equations overestimated GFR, and CysC-based equations showed a greater difference (-31.3 for CKD-EPI(CysC) and -20.5 for CKD-EPI(Cr-CysC)). CysC-based equations decreased the prevalence of reduced GFR by one third (9.4% in the MDRD Study and 2.4% in CKD-EPI(CysC)). CONCLUSIONS: Our data shows that there are remarkable differences in eGFR assessment in the Korean population depending on the equation used, especially in normal or mildly decreased categories. Further prospective studies are necessary in various clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Algorithms , Creatinine/blood , Cystatin C/blood , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies
18.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 255-262, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-67085

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function over time. Self-management programs have been widely applied to chronic disease education programs, which are designed to delay deteriorating kidney functions, preclude depression, and improve quality of life. This study aims to analyze effectiveness of self-management programs in bettering CKD patients' eGFR, mitigating depression symptoms and improving quality of life in randomized control or clinical trials. METHODS: Using key terms, a search was conducted in English-language, peer-reviewed journals on CKD that were published between 2002 and 2014 on databases including CINAHL, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE. The measurable variables included CKD patients' eGFR, depression, and quality of life. Random and fixed effects meta analysis were applied with standard error and correlation based measure of effect size. RESULTS: Eight studies met the inclusion criteria. A self-management program significantly impacted CKD patients' depression and mental quality-of-life dimensions, with an effect size of .29 [95% confidence interval (CI) (0.07, 0.53)] and −.42 [95% CI (−0.75, −0.10)]. However, the intervention of a self-management program had no significant effect on patients' eGFR as well as physical quality-of-life dimensions, with effect sizes of .06 [95% CI (−0.69, 0.81)] and −.16 [95% CI (−0.81, 0.50)]. CONCLUSIONS: Self-management programs of patients with chronic kidney disease can improve the depression and mental quality of life. Aside from providing more objective evidence-based results, this study provides a reference for clinical health care personnel who tend to patients with CKD.


Subject(s)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology , Humans , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Self Care/methods
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 920-926, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-767057

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate renal function and to identify factors associated with renal function deterioration after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for kidney stones. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with renal stones treated by RIRS between January 2010 and June 2013 at a single institute. We used the National Kidney Foundation classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to classify Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in 5 groups. The baseline creatinine level was systematically pre-operatively and post-operatively evaluated. All patients had a creatinine blood measurement in June 2013. A change toward a less or a more favorable GFR group following RIRS was considered significant. Results: We included 163 patients. There were 86 males (52.8%) and 77 females (47.3%) with a mean age of 52.8±17 years. After a mean follow-up of 15.5±11.5 months, median GFR was not significantly changed from 84.3±26.2 to 84.9±24.5 mL/min (p=0.675). Significant renal function deterioration occurred in 8 cases (4.9%) and significant renal function amelioration occurred in 23 cases (14.1%). In univariate analysis, multiple procedures (p=0.023; HR: 5.4) and preoperative CKD (p=0.011; HR: 6.8) were associated with decreased renal function. In multivariate analysis these factors did not remain as predictive factors. Conclusion: Stone management with RIRS seems to have favorable outcomes on kidney function; however, special attention should be given to patients with multiple procedures and preoperative chronic kidney disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/therapy , Kidney/physiopathology , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Calculi/physiopathology , Lithotripsy, Laser/adverse effects , Multivariate Analysis , Perioperative Period , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects
20.
J. bras. nefrol ; 37(1): 47-54, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-744446

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A doença renal crônica (DRC) interfere diretamente na capacidade funcional, na independência e, consequentemente, na qualidade de vida (QV). Objetivo: Comparar a capacidade funcional e a qualidade de vida de doentes renais crônicos em hemodiálise (G1) e pré-dialíticos (G2). Métodos: Estudo transversal descritivo, 54 pacientes com DRC, 27 do G1 (58,15 ± 10,84 anos) e 27 do G2 (62,04 ± 16,56 anos). Verificaramse os fatores de risco cardiovasculares, medidas antropométricas, força muscular respiratória verificada por meio da pressão inspiratória (PImax) e expiratória (PEmax) máximas, teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6'), teste cardiopulmonar de exercício, teste de sentar e levantar de um minuto (TSL1') e o Short-Form Questionary (SF-36) para avaliar a QV. Os pacientes apresentavam estadiamento da doença entre 2 a 5. Realizou-se o teste de normalidade Kolmogorov-Smirnov e utilizou-se o teste t (Student) ou o teste U (Mann Whitney) para a comparação das médias das variáveis quantitativas e o teste de Quiquadrado de Pearson e exato de Fischer para as variáveis qualitativas. Para identificar as correlações, foi utilizado o teste de Pearson ou de Spearman. Resultados: Não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa entre G1 e G2, no VO2pico (p = 0,259), no TC6' (p = 0,433), na PImax (p = 0,158) e somente foi encontrada diferença na PEmax (p = 0,024) para G1. Os escores do questionário SF-36 mostram em ambos os grupos um pior estado de saúde evidenciada pela pontuação baixa nos escores de QV. Conclusão: Os pacientes com DRC apresentaram reduzida capacidade funcional e QV, sendo que a hemodiálise não demonstrou estatisticamente ter repercussão negativa quando comparados com os pacientes pré-dialíticos. .


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) infers directly in functional capacity, independence and therefore quality of life (QOL). Objective: To compare the physical fitness and quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease submitted on hemodialysis (G1) and predialysis treatment (G2). Methods: A cross-sectional study, 54 patients with CKD, 27 of the G1 group (58.15 ± 10.84 years), 27 of G2 group (62.04 ± 16.56 years). There were cardiovascular risk factors, anthropometric measurements, respiratory muscle strength was measured by the inspiratory pressure (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) maximum measured in the manometer, six-minute walk (TC6'), cardiopulmonary exercise test, sit and stand one minute test (TSL1') and the Short-Form Questionary (SF-36) to assess QOL. The patients presented disease of stage between 2 and 5. It was applied the Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test and used the t (Student) test or the U (Mann Whitney) test to compare the means of quantitative variables and the chi-square Pearson test and Fisher's exact test for qualitative variables. Pearson's or Spearman's test was used to identify correlations. Results: No statistically significant difference was found between G1 and G2 in VO2peak (p = 0,259) in TC6' (p = 0,433) in the MIPmáx (p = 0,158) and found only in the MEPmáx (p = 0,024) to G1. The scores of the SF-36 in both groups showed a worse health status as evidenced by the low score in scores for QOL. Conclusion: Patients with CKD had reduced functional capacity and QOL, and hemodialysis, statistically, didn't have showed negative repercussions when compared with pre-dialysis patients. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Exercise Test , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy
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