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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 742-746, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278357

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se neste estudo relatar a frequência e a identidade de patógenos transmitidos por carrapatos em cães residentes de uma área caracterizada por brejo de alta altitude. Amostras sanguíneas (n=203) foram coletadas e molecularmente analisadas via PCR (Babesia spp., Hepatozoon spp., Anaplasma spp. e Ehrlichia spp.) e sequenciamento de DNA. De todas as amostras analisadas, 8,87% (18/203) foram positivas a algum patógeno transmitido por carrapato. Especificamente, 5,42% (11/203) e 3,45% (7/203) foram positivos a Anaplasma platys e Ehrlichia canis, respectivamente. Este estudo fornece, pela primeira vez, evidência científica de infecção de cães por esses patógenos nessa área de alta altitude e reforça o provável papel de R. sanguineus s.l. como vetor de A. platys, principalmente considerando.se que muitos animais positivos eram infestados por essa espécie de carrapato.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ehrlichiosis/epidemiology , Ehrlichia canis/isolation & purification , Anaplasma/isolation & purification , Anaplasmosis/epidemiology , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Wetlands , Altitude
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 33-39, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1088915

ABSTRACT

A biópsia embrionária associada à genotipagem permite a obtenção de informações genômicas antes mesmo da transferência dos embriões. Neste estudo, foram avaliadas amostras biopsiadas de blastocistos bovinos transferidos para receptoras (n=47), sob a hipótese de que a raça (Gir ou Girolando), o estádio embrionário (blastocisto ou blastocisto expandido) e a competência para estabelecimento de prenhez (positiva ou negativa) afetariam a quantidade e a qualidade do DNA da amostra obtida. O DNA foi extraído, amplificado, quantificado por eletroferograma e genotipado. O parâmetro call rate (CR) foi adotado para mensurar a qualidade da genotipagem. Obteve-se concentração de DNA de 86,07±171,66ng/µL e CR 0,73±0,17. O CR não variou em função da quantidade de DNA nas amostras. As variáveis raça e estádio embrionário não influenciaram a concentração de DNA, nem o CR. Houve efeito da prenhez sobre o CR (P=0,0187), mas, como houve maior CR nas amostras provenientes do grupo prenhez negativa, não foi possível associar esse parâmetro à qualidade embrionária. Concluiu-se que a raça e a qualidade embrionária não afetam os parâmetros aqui estudados em amostras embrionárias, ou seja, embriões com maiores chances de implantação não refletem alta qualidade nas amostras de biópsia genotipadas.(AU)


Embryo biopsy associated with genotyping allows genomic information before embryo transfer. In this study, blastocyst biopsy samples from embryos transferred to recipients (n= 47) were evaluated, under the hypothesis that breed (Gyr or Girolando), embryonic stage (blastocyst or expanded blastocyst) and competence to establish pregnancy (positive or negative) would affect the quantity and DNA quality of samples. DNA was extracted, amplified, quantified by electropherogram and genotyped. The parameter call rate (CR) was used to measure the quality of genotyping. DNA concentration of 86.07±171.66ng/µl, and CR 0.73±0.17 was obtained. CR did not vary according to the amount of DNA in the samples. The variables breed and embryonic stage had no influence on DNA concentration or CR. There was pregnancy effect on the CR (P= 0.0187), but since there was a higher CR in the samples from the negative pregnancy group, it was not possible to associate this parameter with the embryonic quality. We conclude that the breed and embryo quality do not affect the evaluated parameters in embryonic samples. Embryos with higher chances of implantation do not reflect high quality in embryo biopsy genotyped samples.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Selection, Genetic , Biopsy/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Embryo, Mammalian , Genotyping Techniques/veterinary , In Vitro Techniques/veterinary
3.
Clinics ; 72(9): 575-581, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism is the most common cause of naturally occurring hypercortisolism in dogs. CRHR1 expression in human and dog corticotrophinomas suggested that this gene affects pituitary tumorigenesis. The present study aimed to investigate mutations in the CRHR1 coding region in poodles with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism. METHODS: Fifty poodles with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism and 50 healthy poodles were studied. Genomic DNA was amplified by PCR and analyzed by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The novel CRHR1 p.V97M mutation was identified in one dog. This valine residue, located in the amino-terminal extracellular domain, exhibits high affinity for its corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) ligand. Bioinformatic analysis revealed structural rearrangements in the mutant protein, with a 17% increase in the surface binding affinity between CRHR1 and CRH. In vitro functional studies showed that mutant CRHR1 induced higher ACTH secretion than the wild type after stimulation with human CRH. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that germline activating mutations in CRHR1 may be a rare cause of pituitary hyperadrenocorticism in poodles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Mutation , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion/veterinary , Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/genetics , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Association Studies/veterinary , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion/genetics , Pituitary Gland/metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Prospective Studies , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Time Factors
4.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(1): 301-306, Jan,-Mar. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886632

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study investigated the frequency of infection by Anaplasma platys and Ehrlichia canis in dogs submitted to animal health centers in Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. E. canis and A. platys showed infection frequencies of 55.75% and 16.96%, respectively. The identity of the two species was confirmed by DNA sequencing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ehrlichiosis/veterinary , Ehrlichia canis/isolation & purification , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Anaplasma/isolation & purification , Anaplasmosis/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Ehrlichiosis/genetics , Ehrlichiosis/epidemiology , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Ehrlichia canis/genetics , Dog Diseases/genetics , Anaplasma/genetics , Anaplasmosis/genetics
5.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 14(2)2016. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796528

ABSTRACT

Trichomycterus is a specious fish genus within Trichomycterinae and displays remarkable karyotype diversity. However, knowledge about their genomic structure and location of repetitive sequence is still limited. In order to better understand the karyotype diversification, we analyzed nine species of Trichomycterus using classical and molecular cytogenetic techniques. Results revealed a conserved diploid chromosome number of 2n=54 chromosomes in all analyzed species, although remarkable differences on the constitutive heterochromatin distribution were observed. In addition, while the 18S rDNA showed a conserved distribution pattern, the 5S rDNA sites showed a quite diverse location considering the analyzed species. Remarkably, both ribosomal genes were co-located in all species, except in T . iheringi , suggesting that co-localization is probably an ancestral condition in Trichomycterus . Finally, three analyzed species showed heterochromatic B chromosomes, reinforcing the intense genomic reorganization occurring in Trichomycterus . Our results showed that chromosomal variations are not restricted to differences in karyotype formula as previously proposed, but also to modifications on the microstructural level of resolution.


Trichomycterus é um especioso gênero dentro de Trichomycterinae e exibe marcante diversidade cariotípica. No entanto, o conhecimento sobre sua estrutura genômica e localização de seqüências repetitivas ainda é restrita. Para um melhor conhecimento sobre a sua diversificação cariotípica, nós analisamos nove especies de Trichomycterus usando técnicas de citogenética clássica e molecular. Os resultados revelaram um conservado número diploide de 2n = 54 cromossomos em todas as espécies analisadas, embora diferentes marcações na distribuição da heterocromatina constitutiva tenham sido observadas. Além disso, enquanto o DNAr 18S mostrou um padrão de distribuição conservado, os sítios de DNAr 5S mostraram uma localização bastante diversa, considerando as espécies analisadas. Ambos os genes ribossomais foram co-localizados em todas as espécies, exceto em T. iheringi , sugerindo que a co-localização é provavelmente uma condição ancestral em Trichomycterus . Finalmente, três espécies analisadas mostraram cromossomos B heterocromáticos, reforçando uma intensa reoganização genômica ocorrendo em Trichomycterus . Nossos resultados mostraram que variações cromossômicas não estão restritas à diferenças na fórmula cariotípica, como proposto anteriormente, mas também às alterações a níveis de resolução estrutural.


Subject(s)
Animals , Catfishes/classification , Catfishes/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 67(4): 1197-1200, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1095962

ABSTRACT

This report aimed to study the interference in molecular testing for Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma platys in blood of 155 dogs from the coastal region of Rio de Janeiro. Five Anaplasmataceae positive samples but negative for E. canis and A. platys, from microfilaremic animals, were chosen for sequencing. These sequences, when compared to Gen et Bank database, showed 88% to 100% similarity with Wolbachia spp. denoting an interference in the detection of DNA from other members of Anaplasmataceae, possibly due to a high concentration of Wolbachia spp. DNA.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Wolbachia , Ehrlichia canis/isolation & purification , Anaplasma/isolation & purification , Microfilariae/isolation & purification , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(5): 431-436, May 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-759372

ABSTRACT

Sarcoides são tumores fibroblásticos, considerados os tumores de pele mais comuns em pele de equinos e que raramente apresentam regressão espontânea. Papilomavírus bovino (BPV) tipos 1 e 2 são relacionados com a patogenia do sarcoide e, provavelmente, o BPV tipo 13 (BPV13), recentemente descrito, também pode estar associado com a formação dessa lesão. Neste estudo, 20 amostras de lesões cutâneas, sendo 12 constituídas por tecidos frescos e 8 amostras de tecido fixado em formalina e embebido em parafina, provenientes de 15 cavalos foram utilizadas para a identificação do DNA de BPV. A análise histopatológica (HE) confirmou todas as lesões como sarcoide. Para a amplificação do DNA de papilomavírus (PV) foram realizadas três reações de PCR. Como triagem, os primers IFNR2/IDNT2 foram utilizados para amplificar um fragmento da ORF L1 do PV. O segundo par de primersutilizado é complementar a sequência dos genes E5 e L2 de BPVs 1, 2 e 13. O terceiro par de primers(FAP59/FAP64) utilizado tem o gene L1 como alvo. A primeira e a segunda PCRs permitiram amplificar produtos em todas as amostras avaliadas. Entretanto, na terceira reação, na qual foram utilizados os primers FAP, foi possível amplificar produtos com tamanho molecular esperado somente nas amostras constituídas por tecidos frescos. O sequenciamento de nucleotídeos e as análises filogenéticas realizadas nos fragmentos E5L2 resultaram na identificação de BPV1, 2 e 13 em 14 (70%), 2 (10%) e em 4 (20%) amostras de sarcoides, respectivamente. As amostras de sarcoides de um dos animais continha somente o DNA de BPV1. Entretanto, nas amostras provenientes do segundo cavalo foi possível identificar o DNA de três tipos de Deltapapillomavirus bovino (BPV1, 2 e 13) em lesões distintas. Este estudo ratifica a presença do DNA de BPV1, 2 e 13 em lesões de sarcoides em equinos, além de identificar três tipos de BPVs em um mesmo animal e descrever pela primeira vez no Brasil a presença de BPV1 e 2 nesse tipo de lesão.


Sarcoids are fibroblastic lesions, which are considered as the most common skin tumors of horses; spontaneous regression rarely occurs. The bovine papillomavirus (BPV) types 1 and 2 may be involved in the pathogenesis of sarcoids, and probably the recently described BPV type (BPV13) might be associated with the pathogenesis of this lesion. This study characterized the DNA of BPVs in sarcoids from 15 horses from Brazil by analyzing 20 cutaneous lesions (12 recently collected; 8 from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues). Histopathology confirmed the proliferative lesions as sarcoids. Three PCRs were performed to amplify papillomavirus (PV) DNA. For screening, the primers IFNR2/IDNT2 were used to amplify a fragment of the PV L1 ORF. The second primer set was complementary to a common sequence of the E5L2 genomic region of BPV1, 2, and 13. The third primer pair (FAP59/FAP64) targeted a fragment of the PVs L1 ORF. The screening and E5L2 PCRs yielded amplicons in all samples evaluated. The FAP amplicons identified BPV1, 2, and 13 only from fresh tissue samples. The phylogenetic analyses of E5L2 resulted in the identification of BPV1, 2, and 13 in 14 (70%), 2 (10%), and 4 (20%) sarcoids, respectively. Two horses demonstrated multiple lesions: the sarcoids of one of these contained only BPV1 DNA and those of the other contained three types of bovine Deltapapillomavirus (BPV1, 2, and 13). This study confirmed the presence of BPV1, 2, and 13 DNA in equine sarcoids. Moreover, these findings represent the first description of three types of BPV diagnosed in the same horse, as well as the first confirmation of BPV1 and 2 in horses from Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/veterinary , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Skin Neoplasms/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/veterinary , Skin Neoplasms/virology , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , DNA Primers/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(5): 486-490, May 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-759374

ABSTRACT

O colapso induzido pelo exercício (EIC) é considerado uma síndrome autossômica recessiva que afeta principalmente cães da raça Labrador Retriever. A doença é caracterizada por fraqueza muscular e colapso após exercício intenso. Usualmente, ocorre recuperação clínica após o episódio, mas alguns animais podem vir a óbito. Os sinais clínicos são decorrentes do polimorfismo de base única (SNP) c.767G>T no gene Dynamin 1 (DNM1). O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a ocorrência deste SNP em 321 cães da raça Labrador Retriever do Estado de São Paulo. Primers específicos para a amplificação de todo o exon 6 do gene DNM1 foram usados nas PCRs utilizando DNA a partir de amostras de sangue ou swab bucal, a avaliação final foi realizada com sequenciamento direto dos produtos da PCR. Dentre os 321 animais estudados, 3,4 % (11/321) eram homozigotos para o SNP c.767G>T no gene DNM1 e 24,6% (79/321) eram heterozigotos. Somente um dos 11 animais homozigotos apresentavam sinais clínicos compatíveis com a EIC. Este é o primeiro estudo sobre a ocorrência deste SNP no Brasil e considerando que quase 25% dos animais estudados eram heterozigotos, a genotipagem dos animais para este SNP pode ser importante antes dos acasalamentos para cães desta raça. A EIC deve ser considerada nos diagnósticos diferenciais de enfermidades neuromusculares em cães da raça Labrador Retriever.


The exercise-induced collapse (EIC) is considered an autosomal recessive syndrome that mainly affects Labrador Retriever dogs. The disease is characterized by muscle weakness and collapse after intense exercise. Recovery usually occurs after exercise but some animals may die. The clinical signs occurs due to the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) c.767G>T in Dynamin 1 (DNM1) gene. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of this SNP in 321 Labrador Retriever dogs from São Paulo state. Specific primers for amplification of the entire exon 6 of the DNM1 gene were used in a PCR performed with DNA from blood or buccal swab samples, direct sequencing was performed for the final evaluation. Among 321 animals studied, 3.4% (11/321) of animals were homozygous for the DNM1 SNP (c.767G>T) and 24.6% (79/321) were heterozygous. Only one of the 11 homozygous animals in this study had previous clinical signs compatible with this disease. This is the first study that evaluated the occurrence of DNM1 SNP (c.767G>T) gene in Brazil and considering that almost 25% of the studied animals were heterozygous, the routinely evaluation of this SNP may be important before this breed mating The EIC should be include in the differential diagnosis of neuromuscular diseases in Labrador Retriever dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Muscle Weakness/genetics , Muscle Weakness/veterinary , Heat Exhaustion/genetics , Heat Exhaustion/veterinary , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Genotyping Techniques/veterinary , Alkalosis, Respiratory/genetics , Alkalosis, Respiratory/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Neuromuscular Diseases/genetics , Neuromuscular Diseases/veterinary , DNA Primers , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Synaptic Transmission/genetics
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(5): 456-461, May 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759377

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to report the prevalence of Babesia canis vogeli in dogs and ticks in the urban and rural areas of Petrolina, Pernambuco. Serum and peripheral blood samples of 404 dogs were tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and by blood smears, respectively. The presence of tick infestation was evaluated, and some specimens were submitted to DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The presence of antibodies anti-B. canis vogeli was determinate in 57.9% (234/404) of dogs. The direct detection of Babesia spp was obtained in 0.5% (2/404) dogs by visualization of intraerythrocytic forms. Infestation by Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato was observed in 54.5% (220/404) of dogs in both urban and rural areas. DNA of Babesia canis vogeli were obtained by PCR in 6% individual (3/50) and 8.7% of pool of ticks (7/80). The risk factors for the presence of anti-B. canis vogeli antibodies, as determined through the application of logistic regression models (P<0.05), were the following: medium breed size variables (P<0.001); contact with areas of forest (P=0.021); and access on the street (P=0.046). This study describes, for the first time, the confirmation of infection of B. canis vogeli in dogs and ticks in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil.


Este trabalho objetivou avaliar a prevalência de Babesia canis vogeli em cães e carrapatos de áreas urbanas e rurais do município de Petrolina, Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil. Amostras de soro e sangue periférico de 404 cães foram testadas pela Reação de Imunoflorescência Indireta (RIFI), e por esfregaço sanguíneo. A presença de infestação por carrapatos foi avaliada, e alguns espécimes foram submetidos à amplificação do DNA pela Reação em Cadeia pela Polimerase (PCR). A presença de anticorpos anti-B. canis vogeli foi determinada em 57,9% (234/404) dos cães. A soroprevalência em áreas urbanas e rurais foi 48,5% e 67,3%, respectivamente. A detecção direta de Babesia spp foi obtida em 0,5% dos cães pela visualização de formas intraeritrocitárias. A infestação pelo carrapato Rhipicephalus sanguineus foi observada em 54,5% (220/404) dos cães. DNA de Babesia canis vogeli obtido pela PCR foi 6% (3/50) em carrapatos processados individualmente e 8,7% (7/80) em pools. Os fatores de risco para presença de anticorpos anti- B. canis vogeli utilizando modelo de regressão logística (P < 0,05) foram porte médio (P <0,001), contato com áreas de floresta (P = 0,021), e acesso dos cães à rua (P = 0,046). Este estudo descreve pela primeira vez a confirmação da infecção de Babesia canis infectando cães e carrapatos em uma região semiárida de Pernambuco, Brasil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Babesiosis/parasitology , Babesiosis/prevention & control , Rhipicephalus sanguineus/parasitology , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Parasite Load/veterinary , Multivariate Analysis , Prevalence , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/veterinary
10.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 385-388, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66445

ABSTRACT

This study examined the occurrence of Anaplasma spp. and hemoplasma infection in leopard cats, Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus, in Korea. Twenty-nine biological samples were tested by molecular analysis. Two (6.9%) and eight (27.6%) tested specimens were positive for Anaplasma bovis and hemoplasma infection, respectively. Based on our results, Anaplasma/Ehrlichia spp. and hemoplasma are regularly infecting leopard cat populations of Korea. Considering their endangered status, regular monitoring of infection by arthropod-borne pathogens known to cause clinical symptoms in feline hosts such as Anaplasma/Ehrlichia spp. and hemoplasma would be crucial as part of ongoing conservation efforts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anaplasma/isolation & purification , Anaplasmosis/epidemiology , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Felidae , Molecular Sequence Data , Mycoplasma/isolation & purification , Mycoplasma Infections/epidemiology , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary
11.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 529-536, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24547

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in pigs, farm workers, and the environment in northern Thailand, and to assess LA-MRSA isolate phenotypic characteristics. One hundred and four pig farms were randomly selected from the 21,152 in Chiang Mai and Lamphun provinces in 2012. Nasal and skin swab samples were collected from pigs and farm workers. Environmental swabs (pig stable floor, faucet, and feeder) were also collected. MRSA was identified by conventional bacterial culture technique, with results confirmed by multiplex PCR and multi locus sequence typing (MLST). Herd prevalence of MRSA was 9.61% (10 of 104 farms). Among pigs, workers, and farm environments, prevalence was 0.68% (two of 292 samples), 2.53% (seven of 276 samples), and 1.28% (four of 312 samples), respectively. Thirteen MRSA isolates (seven from workers, four from environmental samples, and two from pigs) were identified as Staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec IV sequences type 9. Antimicrobial sensitivity tests found 100% of the MRSA isolates resistant to clindamycin, oxytetracycline, and tetracycline, while 100% were susceptible to cloxacillin and vancomycin. All possessed a multidrug-resistant phenotype. This is the first evidence of an LA-MRSA interrelationship among pigs, workers, and the farm environment in Thailand.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Animal Husbandry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Genotype , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/classification , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/veterinary , Molecular Sequence Data , Multilocus Sequence Typing/veterinary , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Phylogeny , Prevalence , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , Swine , Swine Diseases/epidemiology , Thailand/epidemiology
12.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 511-517, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189490

ABSTRACT

Species identification using DNA sequences is the basis for DNA taxonomy. In this study, we sequenced the ribosomal large-subunit RNA gene sequences (3,037-3,061 bp) in length of 13 Chinese Theileria stocks that were infective to cattle and sheep. The complete 28S rRNA gene is relatively difficult to amplify and its conserved region is not important for phylogenetic study. Therefore, we selected the D2-D3 region from the complete 28S rRNA sequences for phylogenetic analysis. Our analyses of 28S rRNA gene sequences showed that the 28S rRNA was useful as a phylogenetic marker for analyzing the relationships among Theileria spp. in ruminants. In addition, the D2-D3 region was a short segment that could be used instead of the whole 28S rRNA sequence during the phylogenetic analysis of Theileria, and it may be an ideal DNA barcode.


Subject(s)
Animals , Base Sequence , China , DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , RNA, Ribosomal, 28S/genetics , Ruminants , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Theileria/classification , Theileriasis/parasitology
13.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 115-124, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169637

ABSTRACT

The high genetic diversity of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has been an obstacle to developing an effective vaccine for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). This study was performed to assess the degree of genetic diversity among PRRSVs from Korean pig farms where wasting and respiratory syndrome was observed from 2005 to 2009. Samples from 786 farms were tested for the presence of PRRSV using reverse transcription PCR protocol. A total of 117 farms were positive for type 1 PRRSV while 198 farms were positive for type 2. Nucleotide sequences encoding the open reading frame (ORF) 5 were analyzed and compared to those of various published PRRSV isolates obtained worldwide. Sequence identity of the ORF 5 in the isolates was 81.6~100% for type 1 viruses and 81.4~100% for type 2 viruses. Phylogenetic analysis of the ORF 5 sequences showed that types 1 and 2 PRRSVs from Korea were mainly classified into three and four clusters, respectively. The analyzed isolates were distributed throughout the clusters independent of the isolation year or geographical origin. In conclusion, our results indicated that the genetic diversity of PRRSVs from Korean pig farms is high and has been increasing over time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Husbandry , Genes, Viral , Genetic Variation , Lung/virology , Lymph Nodes/virology , Open Reading Frames , Phylogeny , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome/virology , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus/chemistry , Republic of Korea , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, Protein/veterinary , Swine
14.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 227-230, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104694

ABSTRACT

Five cases of orf virus infection in Korean black goats were diagnosed in our laboratory between 2010 and 2011. One orf virus (ORF/2011) was isolated from an ovine testis cell line (OA3.Ts) for use as a vaccine candidate. Sequences of the major envelope protein and orf virus interferon resistance genes were determined and compared with published reference sequences. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that orf viruses from Korean black goats were most closely related to an isolate (ORF/09/Korea) from dairy goats in Korea. This result indicates that the orf viruses might have been introduced from dairy goats into the Korean black goat population.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ecthyma, Contagious/epidemiology , Goat Diseases/epidemiology , Goats , Molecular Sequence Data , Orf virus/genetics , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Sequence Homology
15.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 545-549, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155358

ABSTRACT

A 12-year-old spayed female mixed-bred dog presented with nasal bleeding of 2 days duration and a skin nodule in the left flank. No abnormalities were found in coagulation profiles and blood pressure. Cytological evaluation of the nodule revealed numerous characteristic round organisms having a nucleus and a bar within macrophages and in the background, consistent with leishmaniasis. In vitro culture was unsuccessful but PCR of the nodular aspirate identified the organisms as Leishmania infantum, and the final diagnosis was canine leishmaniasis. No history of travel to endemic countries was noted. Because the dog had received a blood transfusion 2 years before the illness, serological screening tests were performed in all donor dogs of the commercial blood bank using the commercial Leishmania ELISA test kit, and there were no positive results. Additional 113 dogs with hyperglobulinemia from Seoul were also screened with the same kits but no positive results were obtained. To the best of the author's knowledge this is the first autochthonous case of canine leishmaniasis in Korea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Base Sequence , DNA, Protozoan/chemistry , DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry , Dog Diseases/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Giant Cells/pathology , Leishmania infantum/genetics , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/diagnosis , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Republic of Korea , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Serologic Tests/veterinary
16.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 363-365, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35277

ABSTRACT

Our investigation was conducted in order to verify a recent severe epidemic at several swine farms in northern China that indicated a newly emerging disease. Evidence confirmed that the epidemic was caused by a virulent Pseudorabies virus infection in swine herds.


Subject(s)
Animals , China/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Epidemics/veterinary , Herpesvirus 1, Suid/classification , Pseudorabies/epidemiology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Swine , Swine Diseases/epidemiology , Vaccination/adverse effects , Virulence
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 31(10): 893-898, out. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-606665

ABSTRACT

Scrapie is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of sheeps and goats, associated with the deposition of a isoform of the prion protein (PrPsc). This isoform presents an altered conformation that leads to aggregation in the host's central nervous and lymphoreticular systems. Predisposition to the prion agent infection can be influenced by specific genotypes related to mutations in amino acids of the PrPsc gene. The most characterized mutations occur at codons 136, 154 and 171, with genotypes VRQ being the most susceptible and ARR the most resistant. In this study we have analyzed polymorphisms in 15 different codons of the PrPsc gene in sheeps from a Suffolk herd from Brazil affected by an outbreak of classical scrapie. Amplicons from the PrPsc gene, encompassing the most relevant altered codons in the protein, were sequenced in order to determine each animal's genotype. We have found polymorphisms at 3 of the 15 analyzed codons (136, 143 and 171). The most variable codon was 171, where all described alleles were identified. A rare polymorphism was found at the 143 codon in 4 percent of the samples analyzed, which has been described as increasing scrapie resistance in otherwise susceptible animals. No other polymorphisms were detected in the remaining 12 analyzed codons, all of them corresponding to the wild-type prion protein. Regarding the risk degree of developing scrapie, most of the animals (96 percent) had genotypes corresponding to risk groups 1 to 3 (very low to moderate), with only 4 percent in the higher risks group. Our data is discussed in relation to preventive measures involving genotyping and positive selection to control the disease.


Scrapie é uma encefalopatia espongiforme transmissível de ovinos e caprinos, associado a deposição da isoforma da proteína priônica (PrPsc). Essa isoforma apresenta uma alteração conformacional que leva ao acúmulo da proteína no sistema nervoso central e linforeticular do hospedeiro. A predisposição a infecção pelo agente priônico pode ser influenciado por genótipos específicos relacionados a mutações na sequência de aminoácidos do gene PrPsc. As principais mutações caracterizadas ocorrem nos códons 136, 154 e 171, sendo o genótipo VRQ o mais suscetível e o genótipo ARR o mais resistente. Nesse estudo nós analisamos os polimorfismos de 15 códons diferentes da gene PrPsc em ovinos de um rebanho da raça Suffolk no Brasil afetado com scrapie clássico. Os amplicons do gene da PrPsc, que contem os códons mais frequentemente encontrados foram sequenciados para determinar o genótipo de cada animal. Nós encontramos 3 polimorfismos do 15 códons analisados (136, 143 e 171). O códon que mais teve variações foi o códon 171, onde todos os alelos foram identificados. Um polimorfismo raro foi encontrado no códon 143, em 4 por cento das amostras analisadas, o qual tem sido descrito por aumentar a resistência a scrapie em animais suscetíveis. Nenhum outro polimorfismo foi detectado nos 12 códons restantes, todos então, correspondendo à proteína priônica selvagem. De acordo com a grau de risco a desenvolver scrapie, a maioria dos animais (96 por cento) tiveram genótipo correspondentes aos grupos de risco 1 a 3 (muito baixo a moderado), e somente 4 por cento no grupo de risco alto. Nossos dados discutem a relação das medidas de prevenção envolvendo a genotipagem e a seleção positiva para o controle da doença.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Diseases/veterinary , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Scrapie/transmission , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Codon , Sheep
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 43(2): 116-120, Mar.-Apr. 2010. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-545762

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Rabies is an acute disease of the central nervous system and is responsible for the deaths of thousands of humans, wild animals and livestock, particularly cattle, as well as causing major economic losses. This study describes the genetic characterization of rabies virus variants that circulate in Desmodus rotundus populations and are transmitted to herbivores. METHODS: Fifty rabies virus isolates from bovines and equines in the States of São Paulo and Minas Gerais, Brazil, were genetically characterized and compared with sequences retrieved from GenBank. RESULTS: Two clusters (I and II) with mean nucleotide identities of 99.1 and 97.6 percent were found. The first of these contained nearly all the samples analyzed. Lineages from other Brazilian states grouped in cluster II. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the amino acid sequences of the N proteins revealed the existence of genetic markers that may indicate possible variations between geographic regions, although the biologically active regions are conserved within the species over space and time.


INTRODUÇÃO: A raiva é uma doença aguda do sistema nervoso central e é responsável por mortes de milhares de humanos, animais silvestres e animais de criação - especialmente bovinos - além de causar elevadas perdas econômicas. Este trabalho descreve a caracterização genética das variantes do vírus da raiva que circulam em populações de Desmodus rotundus e são transmitidas aos herbívoros. MÉTODOS: Cinquenta isolados de vírus da raiva de bovinos e equinos provenientes dos Estados de São Paulo e Minas Gerais, Brasil, foram caracterizadas geneticamente e comparadas com sequências recuperadas do GenBank. RESULTADOS: Dois clusters, I e II, apresentando identidades médias de nucleotídeos de 99,1 e 97,6 por cento, foram obtidos, sendo o primeiro composto de quase a totalidade das amostras analisadas. Linhagens de outros estados do Brasil "clustered" no II. CONCLUSÕES: A análise das sequências de aminoácidos da proteína N revelou que existem marcadores genéticos que podem determinar uma possível regionalidade embora as regiões biologicamente ativas apresentem-se conservadas dentro das espécies ao longo do tempo e espaço.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Mice , Cattle Diseases/virology , Horse Diseases/virology , Rabies virus/genetics , Rabies/veterinary , Base Sequence , Brazil , Cluster Analysis , Chiroptera/virology , Horses/virology , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Rabies virus/isolation & purification , Rabies/virology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary
20.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 5(2): 323-332, 2006. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-442566

ABSTRACT

An insertion mutation within exon 12 of the factor XI gene has been described in Holstein cattle. This has opened the prospect for large-scale screening of cattle using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique for the rapid identification of heterozygous animals. To facilitate such a screening process, the mutant and normal alleles of factor XI gene, represented by 244- and 320-bp PCR amplified fragments, were individually cloned in Escherichia coli using a multicopy plasmid cloning vehicle to generate pFXI-N and pFXI-M, respectively. The authenticity of the inserts was confirmed by nucleotide sequencing. A nested PCR method was developed, by which PCR amplicons generated from primers with annealing sites on the recombinant plasmids and by flanking the insert were used as templates for amplification of the diagnostic products using factor XI gene-specific primers. An equimolar mixture of both PCR amplicons, originating from pFXI-N and pFXI-M, constituted the carrier control while the individual amplicons were the affected and normal controls. The controls were used as references for in-gel comparison to screen a population of 307 cattle and 259 water buffaloes; the frequency of the mutant allele was found to be 0. No DNA size standards were required in this study. The simulated control DNA samples representing normal, carrier and affected cattle have the potential to help in large-scale screening of a cattle population for individuals that are carriers or affected by factor XI deficiency.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Factor XI Deficiency/veterinary , Genetic Carrier Screening/methods , Cattle Diseases/genetics , Alleles , Buffaloes , Molecular Sequence Data , Factor XI Deficiency/genetics , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Base Sequence
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