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1.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 15(1): 29-34, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359364

ABSTRACT

Los cuidados actuales de la diabetes incluyen altos niveles de tecnología y los pacientes utilizan diferentes dispositivos que pueden ayudar en su control metabólico, pero pueden impactar negativamente en su piel. Sensores de glucosa como el Freestyle, Dexcom, el Enlite de Medtronic y los sistemas de infusión continua de insulina contienen diferentes productos químicos que están en contacto directo con la piel del paciente y pueden causar una dermatitis irritativa o de contacto alérgica. Las lesiones incluyen eczema, prurito, heridas, cicatrices y cambios en la pigmentación de la piel. Los productos químicos involucrados que pueden ocasionarlas son el isobornil acrilato, N, N- dimetilacrilamida, etil cianoacrilato y colophonium, forzando a los pacientes a cambiar los sitios de infusión, el set de infusión o el sensor mismo más pronto de lo esperado, para reducir el nivel de daño en la piel. Existe gran número de productos que permiten proteger la piel y reducir el contacto de la piel con la cánula de la bomba o el sensor. Para reducir o prevenir el daño existen productos como cremas o spray y parches de hidrocoloide que actúan como barrera y existen técnicas para aplicar y retirar cuidadosamente los parches y adhesivos de los dispositivos. Una vez que las lesiones se han producido, el tratamiento incluye pomadas y a veces corticoides tópicos y/o antibióticos. Para prevenir o reducir el daño de la piel asociado al sensor y uso de la bomba de insulina, la industria que los produce debería incluir la información en relación a los productos químicos incluidos en cada dispositivo.


Diabetes care nowadays includes a high level of technology and patients use different devices which can help them in their glycemic control, but can have a negative impact on their skin. Glucose sensors such as Freestyle, Dexcom, Medtronic Enlite and also continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion systems contain different chemical products which are in direct contact with the patient's skin and can cause irritative or allergic contact dermatitis. Lesions include eczema, pruritus, wounds, scars and changes in skin pigmentation. The chemical products which can induce them are isobornyl acrylate, N, N- dimethylacrylamide, ethyl cyanoacrylate and colophonium, forcing patients to change the infusion site, set or the sensor itself, earlier than expected, in order to reduce the level of skin damage. There are a number of products which can protect the skin and reduce it's contact with the pump cannula or the sensor. To reduce or prevent damage, we have products such as barrier cream or spray films and hydrocolloid blister plasters and actions such as careful application and removal of device's patches and adhesives. Once lesions are established, treatment includes ointments and sometimes topical steroids and/ or antibiotics. In order to prevent or reduce skin damage related to sensor and insulin pump use, the manufacturers should include the information related to the chemicals included in each device.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/etiology , Insulin Infusion Systems/adverse effects , Skin/injuries , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/adverse effects , Adhesives/adverse effects , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Glycemic Control/adverse effects
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 655-671, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355628

ABSTRACT

Abstract The skin demonstrates what is happening in the body in many diseases, as it reflects some internal processes on the surface. In this sense, skin as an organ, goes beyond its protective and barrier functions, as it provides clues for the identification of some systemic diseases. The dermatologist then raises diagnostic hypotheses for conditions related to all systems and refers them to the appropriate specialty. With easy access to examination by trained eyes and biopsies, the skin can present specific or non specific alterations on histopathology. In the first case this combination establishes the diagnosis of the disease itself. Non specific manifestations can occur in a variety of contexts and then histopathology is not specific of a particular disease. This article is divided into two parts that will cover large groups of diseases. In this first part, cutaneous manifestations of the main rheumatologic diseases are described, which are the ones with the greatest interface with dermatology. The authors also talk about vascular manifestations and granulomatous diseases. In the second part, endocrinological, hematological, oncological, cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal diseases, pruritus and its causes are discussed, and finally, the dermatological manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infection. The authors' intention is that, by using direct and easily accessible language, aim to provide practical material for consultation and improvement to all dermatologists who recognize the importance of a comprehensive assessment of their patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Collagen Diseases , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 79-82, Jan.-Mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286978

ABSTRACT

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, relapsing, idiopathic condition, characterized by granulomatous, transmural inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, which can affect its entire length, from mouth to anus. Metastatic Crohn's disease (MCD) is a rare form of skin involvement and is defined by skin lesions without contiguity with the gastrointestinal tract. A 9-year-old patient presented with gastrointestinal complaints and gross skin lesions in the vulva and perianal region. The diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made when the patient was 11 years old, after being evaluated by the colorectal surgeon. Treatment was started with a "top-down" approach, with a sustained response for four years. Afterwards, there was a relapse of the skin disease in previously normal areas, without overt symptoms. Treatment consisted of steroids and local infiltration of infliximab, without improvement. A year later, there was a rapid progression of the skin lesions, and the drug changed to adalimumab, also without response and worsening of the skin lesions. The patient was admitted to the hospital and intravenous steroids were initiated, along with surgical debridement of the lesions. After some improvement, ustekinumab was initiated with satisfactory response. Pediatric MCD has an important impact on the patient's quality of life, with influences on growth and social development. (AU)


A doença de Crohn é uma condição idiopática crônica, recidivante, caracterizada por inflamação granulomatosa transmural do trato gastrointestinal, que pode afetar toda a sua extensão, da boca ao ânus. A doença de Crohn metastática (DCM) é uma forma rara que envolve a pele, e é definida por lesões cutâneas sem contiguidade com o trato gastrointestinal. Uma paciente de 9 anos de idade apresentou queixas gastrointestinais e lesões cutâneas grosseiras na vulva e na região perianal. O diagnóstico de doença de Crohn foi feito quando a paciente tinha 11 anos, após avaliação do coloproctologista. O tratamento foi então iniciado com uma abordagem "top-down", com uma resposta mantida por quatro anos. Posteriormente, houve recidiva da doença de pele em áreas anteriormente normais, sem sintomas evidentes. O tratamento consistiu em corticoide e infiltração local de infliximabe, sem melhora. Um ano depois, houve rápida progressão das lesões cutâneas, sendo a medicação alterada para adalimumabe, também sem resposta e com piora das lesões cutâneas. A paciente foi internada e iniciado tratamento com corticoide intravenoso, juntamente com o desbridamento cirúrgico das lesões. Após alguma melhora, o ustecinumabe foi iniciado com resposta satisfatória. A DCM pediátrica tem um impacto importante na qualidade de vida do paciente, com influências no crescimento e no desenvolvimento social. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Crohn Disease/diagnosis , Crohn Disease/therapy , Skin Diseases/etiology
6.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(4): 223-234, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252721

ABSTRACT

Neste artigo identificamos as manifestações de pele mais comuns relacionadas à doença do coronavírus 19 (COVID-19), a fim de facilitar o diagnóstico realizado pelos profissionais da saúde. Foram analisados um total de 524 pacientes, por meio de 20 artigos, sobre a relação entre o vírus e as lesões de pele. Os artigos considerados elegíveis para essa revisão preencheram critérios como descrição completa das lesões cutâneas e presença de foto. A prevalênciadas lesões de pele aumentou com a idade, sendo maiorno sexo feminino. Observou-se cinco principais tipos de manifestações, em ordem decrescente de prevalência: exantema maculopapular generalizado morbiforme, erupção cutânea papulovesicular, urticária, livedo reticular e placas eritematosas. Esses padrões aparecem em momentos diferentes da doença e estão associados a diferentes durações, gravidade e prognóstico. Vale destacar, que grande parte das lesões foram encontradas em tronco e extremidades. Além dessas manifestações, outros sintomas foram identificados, sendo febre o sintoma mais comum. Dessa forma, compreender as diversas apresentações do coronavírus da síndrome respiratória aguda grave 2 (SARS-CoV-2) é de extrema importância no entendimento epidemiológico da doença. Portanto, profissionais da saúde devem atentar para as manifestações cutâneas nos pacientes pois, em conjunto com outros sinais e sintomas, ajudam a compor o quadro clínico da COVID-19, colaborando para um diagnóstico clínico e diferencial precoce. (AU)


In this article, we identified the most common skin manifestations related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to facilitate the diagnosis made by health professionals. A total of 524 patients were included by analyzing 20 articles regarding the relation between the virus and skin lesions. The articles considered eligible for this review met criteria such as complete description of the skin lesions and presence of a photograph. The prevalence of skin lesions increased with age, being higher in women. The following five main types of manifestations were observed, in descending order of prevalence: generalized morbilliform maculopapular rash, papulovesicular rash, urticaria, livedo reticularis and erythematous plaques. These patterns appeared at different times of the disease and were associated with different durations, severity and prognosis.It is worth noting that many lesions were found on the trunk and extremities. In addition to these manifestations, other symptoms were identified, with fever being the most common. Thus, understanding the various presentations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is extremely important in the epidemiological understanding of the disease. Therefore, health professionals should pay attention to skin manifestations in patients because, together with other signs and symptoms, they help formulate the clinical picture of COVID-19, contributing to an early clinical and differential diagnosis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Diseases/etiology , Coronaviridae Infections/complications
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 751-753, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054883

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lobular capillary hemangioma or pyogenic granuloma is a benign vascular tumor of the skin or mucous membranes. Most patients present a single lesion. It manifests clinically as an erythematous, friable, and fast-growing tumor. This report details a case with exuberant presentation in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis, using adalimumab. Factors triggering pyogenic granuloma are not well known. They may spontaneously regress, but most require treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/pathology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Granuloma, Pyogenic/pathology , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases/etiology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Granuloma, Pyogenic/etiology
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 361-362, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011102

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Perinevic dermatosis neglecta is an underestimated skin condition usually affecting children and adolescents, characterized by the appearance of dirt-like brownish pigmentation around a preexisting nevus and often a matter of concern for parents. We describe the clinical and dermoscopic findings in a case of perinaevic dermatosis neglecta and discuss the possible etiology of this phenomenon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Melanoma/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Hyperpigmentation/complications , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use , Nevus, Pigmented/complications
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(6): 2083-2096, nov.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978719

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El pénfigo es una enfermedad autoinmune potencialmente mortal, que causa ampollas y erosiones en la piel y en la membrana mucosa. Las lesiones epiteliales son el resultado de autoanticuerpos que reaccionan con las glicoproteínas desmosomales y están presentes en la superficie celular del queratinocito. La reacción autoinmune contra estas glicoproteínas causa una pérdida de adhesión celular, resultando en la formación de ampollas intraepiteliales. Del 80 al 90 % de los pacientes con pénfigo vulgar, desarrollan trastornos cutáneos y en el 60 % de los casos alteraciones en la mucosa que es el primer o único signo. El diagnóstico de las lesiones en cavidad bucal es fundamental, ya que pueden prevenir su afectación a la piel. Si se establece el tratamiento en su etapa inicial, la enfermedad es más fácil de controlar y aumenta la posibilidad de una remisión temprana del trastorno y mejor calidad de vida. Este reporte de caso mostró a una paciente de 35 años, la que comenzó a presentar lesiones ulceradas en toda la orofaringe, con sensación de ardor e incapacidad para la ingestión de alimentos. El diagnóstico fue pénfigo vulgar (AU).


ABSTRACT Pemphigus is a potentially deadly autoimmune disease causing blisters and erosions in the skin and the mucous membrane. The epithelial lesions are the result of antibodies reacting to desmosomal glycoproteins, and are present in the keratinocytes cellular surface. The autoimmune reaction to these glycoproteins causes a cellular adhesion loss resulting in the formation of intraepithelial blisters. From 80 to 90 % of the patients with vulgar pemphigus develop skin disorders, and 60 % of the cases show mucosa changes as the first or unique sign. The diagnosis of the lesions in oral cavity is essential because it could prevent the skin damage. If the treatment begins in an initial stage, it is easier to control the disease and the possibility of the disorder's early remission and a better life quality increases. This is the report of the case of a female patient, aged 35 years, who presented ulcerated lesions in the entire oropharyngeal region, with itching sensation and inability for food consumption. The diagnosis was vulgar pemphigus (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/etiology , Surgery, Oral , Pemphigus/etiology , Oral Ulcer/diagnosis , Lymphadenopathy/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Triamcinolone/therapeutic use , Pemphigus/diagnosis , Pemphigus/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Gingivitis/diagnosis
10.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 21(3): 89-91, oct. 2018. tab., ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016246

ABSTRACT

El acné es la enfermedad dermatológica más común de la adolescencia. Aunque casi todos los casos remiten alrededor de la tercera década de la vida, cuando este problema conlleva una carga emocional para el paciente se requiere indicar tratamiento. En esta actualización, los autores revisan los distintos grados de compromiso de esta patología, el tratami-ento y los niveles de evidencia que tiene cada uno de ellos, con el objetivo de facilitar a los médicos de atención primaria el manejo de los pacientes que presentan esta enfermedad. (AU)


Acne is the most common dermatological condition in adolescents. Even though almost all cases will resolve around the third decade of life, treatment is indicated when this health problem carries an emotional burden for the patient. In this update, the authors review the grades of involvement of the disease and the available treatments according to levels of evidence, with the aim of helping primary care physicians to manage the patients presenting this illness. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Acne Vulgaris/therapy , Acne Conglobata/therapy , Anxiety , Self Concept , Skin Diseases/etiology , Testosterone/adverse effects , Cicatrix/prevention & control , Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous/therapy , Dermatitis, Seborrheic/diagnosis , Acne Vulgaris/diagnosis , Acne Vulgaris/pathology , Acne Vulgaris/psychology , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Rosacea/diagnosis , Acne Conglobata/diagnosis , Folliculitis/diagnosis
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(2): 82-84, jun. 2018. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023177

ABSTRACT

Las dermatosis autoinfligidas representan un motivo habitual de consulta, así como un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico. Se caracterizan por la autoprovocación de lesiones cutáneas de manera consciente o inconsciente en el contexto de trastornos psiquiátricos complejos. Comunicamos el caso de una paciente que consultó al Servicio de Dermatología por úlceras irregulares y sobreinfectadas localizadas en rostro, de 2 meses de evolución. El caso representó una dificultad diagnóstica ya que solo a partir del interrogatorio exhaustivo y los exámenes complementarios, que descartaron otras patologías, se arribó al diagnóstico de úlceras autoprovocadas en contexto de patología psiquiátrica que requirió manejo interdisciplinario. (AU)


Self-inflicted dermatoses are a frequent cause for consultation and represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. They are characterized by the conscious or unconscious self-generation of cutaneous lesions in the context of complex psychiatric disorders. We report the case of a patient who consulted at the dermatology department with two months history of irregular and superinfected ulcers located on the face. This case represented a diagnostic difficulty since only from an exhaustive interrogation and complementary examinations, which ruled out other pathologies, we arrived at the diagnosis of self-inflicted ulcers in the context of psychiatric pathology that required interdisciplinary management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Ulcer/psychology , Mental Disorders/complications , Signs and Symptoms , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Skin Diseases/therapy , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Skin Ulcer/therapy , Facial Injuries/pathology , Facial Injuries/therapy , Degloving Injuries/etiology , Degloving Injuries/therapy
12.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(3): 324-331, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951843

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The bone-anchored hearing aid is an effective form of auditory rehabilitation. Due to the nature of the implant, the most common complications are skin related. A number of alternative surgical implantation techniques have been used to reduce the frequency and severity of skin complications, including the U-shaped graft and the linear incision. Objective: To assess skin complications and their association with surgical technique, quality of life, and audiological benefit in patients with bone-anchored hearing aids. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary referral center in Bogotá, Colombia. Patients who had been fitted with a bone-anchored hearing aid implant (unilaterally or bilaterally) for at least 6 months were included in the study. The Holgers classification was used to classify skin complications (Grade 0 = none; Grade 1 = erythema; Grade 2 = erythema and discharge; Grade 3 = granulation tissue; and Grade 4 = inflammation/infection resulting in the removal of the abutment). The Glasgow Benefit Inventory questionnaire was used to determine quality of life, and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit questionnaire was used to determine the subjective audiological benefit. Results: A total of 37 patients were included in the study (30 with unilateral implants and 7 with bilateral implant). Of the 44 implants evaluated, 31 (70.3%) were associated with skin complications (7 [15.9%] Grade 1; 4 [9.1%] Grade 2; 15 [34.1%] Grade 3, 5 [11.4%] Grade 4). The U-shaped graft was statistically associated with major complications (Grades 3 and 4) compared with the linear incision technique (p = 0.045). No statistically significant differences were found between Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit scores and severity of complications. Similarly, no differences were found between Glasgow Benefit Inventory physical health questions and skin complications. Conclusion: Despite the high frequency, skin complications did not seem to affect quality of life or subjective audiological benefits of patients with bone-anchored hearing aids.


Resumo Introdução: A prótese auditiva óssea (BAHA, do inglês Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid) é uma forma eficaz de reabilitação auditiva. Devido à natureza do implante, as complicações mais comuns são relacionadas à pele. Várias técnicas opcionais de implantação cirúrgica têm sido usadas para reduzir a frequência e a gravidade das complicações cutâneas, inclusive o enxerto em forma de U e a incisão linear. Objetivo: Avaliar as complicações cutâneas e sua associação com a técnica cirúrgica, qualidade de vida e benefício audiológico em pacientes com BAHAs. Método: Estudo retrospectivo feito em um centro terciário de referência em Bogotá, Colômbia. Os pacientes que receberam um implante de BAHA (unilateral ou bilateralmente) durante pelo menos seis meses foram incluídos no estudo. A classificação de Holgers foi usada para classificar as complicações cutâneas (Grau 0 = nenhuma, Grau 1 = eritema, Grau 2 = eritema e secreção, Grau 3 = tecido de granulação e Grau 4 = inflamação/infecção, resultou na remoção da estrutura de apoio). O questionário Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) foi usado para determinar a qualidade de vida e o questionário Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) foi usado para determinar o benefício audiológico subjetivo. Resultados: Foram incluídos 37 pacientes (30 com implantes unilaterais e sete com implantes bilaterais). Dos 44 implantes avaliados, 31 (70,3%) foram associados às complicações cutâneas (sete [15,9%] Grau 1; quatro [9,1%] Grau 2; 15 [34,1%] Grau 3 e cinco [11,4%] Grau 4). O enxerto em forma de U foi estatisticamente associado a complicações maiores (Graus 3 e 4) em comparação com a técnica de incisão linear (p = 0,045). Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os escores APHAB e gravidade das complicações. Do mesmo modo, não foram encontradas diferenças entre as questões de saúde física pelo questionário GBI e complicações cutâneas. Conclusão: Apesar da alta frequência, as complicações cutâneas não parecem afetar a qualidade de vida ou os benefícios audiológicos subjetivos de pacientes com BAHAs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Skin Diseases/etiology , Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Suture Anchors , Hearing Aids/adverse effects , Hearing Loss/rehabilitation , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Prosthesis Implantation/methods
13.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 34(2): 109-117, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-994872

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los niños con cáncer pueden presentar múltiples dermatosis derivadas del cáncer mismo o secundarias a su terapéutica. El objetivo es conocer las manifestaciones cutáneas e niños con cáncer en quimioterapia, y compararlas con niños controles sanos. Este es el primer estudio chileno que las describe. Pacientes y método: Se realizó un estudio analítico descriptivo transversal, mediante examen físico y registro en ficha. Se estudiaron 82 niños. Los casos fueron 41 niños con cáncer en quimioterapia del Servicio de Oncología Infantil del Hospital Sótero del Río. Los controles, 41 pacientes sanos hospitalizados por patología quirúrgica en el mismo hospital. Ambos grupos fueron pareados por sexo, edad, estado nutricional, fenotipo y tipo de exposición solar en relación 1:1. Los datos se analizaron con software SPSS. Resultados: La xerosis fue la manifestación cutánea más frecuente en ambos grupos 73,2% (n=60). En niños con cáncer se observó en el 82,4% (34) y en niños sanos 63,4% (26). Ambos grupos, tuvieron igual frecuencia de enfermedades infecciosas 14,6% e inflamatorias 19,5%. En los niños oncológicos predominaron las infecciones virales; dermatitis de contacto; y efectos asociados a la quimioterapia, como la hiperpigmentación cutánea y efluvio anágeno. En los niños controles, se encontraron más frecuentemente las tiñas y prurigo. No se reportaron efectos adversos a medicamentos. En ambos grupos, no hubo diferencia en cuanto al número total de nevi. Conclusión: La manifestación cutánea más frecuente fue la xerosis en ambos grupos y los niños con cáncer no presentaron más dermatosis que los controles sanos, salvo las asociadas a su tratamiento.


Introduction: Children with cancer can present multiple dermatoses derived from the cancer itself or secondary to its therapy. The objective is to know the skin manifestations of children with cancer in chemotherapy, and compare them with healthy controls. This is the first Chilean study that describes them. Patients and method: A transversal descriptive analytical study was carried out. By means of a physical examination and review the medical record, 82 children were studied. The cases were 41 children with cancer in chemotherapy from the Children's Oncology Service of Sótero del Río Hospital. The controls, 41 healthy patients hospitalized for surgical pathology in the same hospital. Both groups were matched by sex, age, nutritional status, phenotype and type of sun exposure in a 1: 1 ratio. The data was analyzed with SPSS software. Results: Xerosis was the most common cutaneous manifestation found in both groups 73.2% (n = 60). In children with cancer was found 82,4% (34) and in cases 63,4% (n = 26). Both groups had the same frequency of inflammatory 14,6%, or infectious dermatosis 19,5%. In oncologyc patients, predominated viral infections; contact dermatitis; and adverse drugs reactions associated with chemotherapy, such as skin hyperpigmentation and anagen effluvium. In the controls, were more found superficial fungal infections, and prurigo. No adverse drugs reactions were observed in this group. In both groups, there was no difference in the total number of nevi. Conclusion: The most frequent cutaneous manifestation was xerosis in both groups and children with cancer did not present more dermatosis than healthy controls, except those associated with their treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Skin Diseases/chemically induced , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Manifestations , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neoplasms/complications
14.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 34(1): 53-56, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1008281

ABSTRACT

La piel puede ofrecer el primer síntoma guía en el 1% de los pacientes con neoplasias internas. Las manifestaciones cutáneas de malignidades internas se pueden producir por invasión directa de la piel por el tumor y por diseminación metastásica, pero existen mecanismos indirectos que inducen la aparición de signos y síntomas cutáneos no relacionados con el tumor primitivo. El Síndrome de Bazex es una rara dermatosis descrita por Bazex y colaboradores en 1965. Se caracteriza por la presencia de placas eritematosas, psoriasiformes, que típicamente afectan a las manos, los pies, la nariz y los pabellones auriculares. La inexperiencia puede motivar retrasos en el diagnóstico, haciendo que la neoplasia asociada se encuentre en estadios avanzados en el momento del diagnóstico. Se discute un caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 53 años de edad, hipertenso, quien acude por presentar lesiones cutáneas tipo placas hipertróficas, hiperpigmentadas, descamativas y dolorosas con fondo eritematoso acompañados de secreción hialina amarillenta en regiones acrales y cuero cabelludo. La biopsia cutánea reportó granulocitosis y aumento del espesor de la capa córnea; en los cultivos bacteriano y micológico de tejido dérmico creció flora habitual. La biopsia prostática diagnosticó adenocarcinoma prostático Gleason 4/5, Se inició hormonoterapia y se realizó prostatectomía total, con mejoría clínica significativa posterior al inicio del tratamiento. La acroqueratosis de Bazex es un proceso muy infrecuente, con pocos casos descritos en la literatura. Su reconocimiento temprano podría permitir el diagnóstico de la neoplasia asociada en estadios más precoces y conducentes a un tratamiento más temprano(AU)


The skin can show the first symptom in 1% of patients with internal neoplasias. Cutaneous manifestations of internal malignancies can be caused by direct invasion of the skin by the tumor and by metastatic dissemination, but there are indirect mechanisms that induce the appearance of cutaneous signs and symptoms unrelated to the primitive tumor. Bazex Syndrome is a rare dermatosis described by Bazex et al. in 1965. It is characterized by the presence of erythematous, psoriasiform plaques, which typically affect the hands, feet, nose, and ear-lobes. The lack of experience may carry diagnostic delays and the associated neoplasia could be at advanced stages when diagnosed. We describe here the case of a 53-year-old male patient, who consulted for cutaneous lesions.These were hypertrophic, hyperpigmented, scaly and painful plaques with an erythematous background accompanied by a yellowish hyaline secretion in the hands, feet and scalp. A skin biopsy was done that reported granulocytosis and increased thickness of the corneal layer; in addition, bacterial and mycological culture of dermal tissue were negative. The prostate biopsy diagnosed a prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason 4/5. Hormone therapy was started and total prostatectomy was performed, with significant clinical improvement .Bazex acroqueratosis is a very rare process, with few cases described in the literature. Its early recognition could allow the diagnosis of the associated neoplasia in earlier stages, leading to earlier treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/physiopathology , Skin Diseases/etiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Immune System , Internal Medicine
15.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 35(3): 266-275, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959441

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El loxoscelismo es una patología frecuente en nuestro medio con un amplio espectro de presentaciones y diagnósticos diferenciales, con complicaciones potencialmente graves, e incluso con riesgo de muerte. A la fecha no existe un tratamiento estándar para estos pacientes. Objetivo: Describir las manifestaciones clínicas, principales complicaciones, manejo terapéutico y evolución de pacientes internados por loxoscelismo en un hospital terciario en Chile. Pacientes y Método: Se analizaron todos los pacientes consultantes e internados por loxoscelismo en el Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile entre los años 2014 y 2017, evaluados en interconsulta por Dermatología. Revisión de los registros clínicos incluyendo semiología, imágenes, informes de laboratorio y tratamientos efectuados. Resultados: Se registraron 17 casos de loxoscelismo de manejo hospitalario, cuya presentación responde al patrón epidemiológico nacional. La mayoría de los casos fue manejada con antimicrobianos, corticosteroides sistémicos, antihistamínicos y dapsona. De ellos, 11,8% correspondieron a loxoscelismo cutáneo visceral, manejados exitosamente con medidas de soporte, corticosteroides sistémicos y antihistamínicos. El 59% presentó resolución de las lesiones al mes de tratamiento, con cicatriz residual leve o hiperpigmentación postinflamatoria, sin mortalidad en nuestra serie. Discusión: La mayoría de los casos de loxoscelismo cutáneo presentó excelente respuesta y rápida resolución del cuadro tras el tratamiento asociado de corticosteroides sistémicos, antimicrobianos y dapsona, sugiriendo que el uso de estas terapias podría detener la progresión de la necrosis cutánea y prevenir las complicaciones asociadas al loxoscelismo.


Background: Loxoscelism is a common pathology in our environment with a broad spectrum of differential diagnoses and presentations, with potentially serious complications, even to the point of death. To date, there is no standard treatment for these patients. Aim: To describe the clinical manifestations, main complications, therapeutic management, and evolution of loxoscelism in an inpatient setting from a tertiary hospital in Chile. Methods: All patients consulting and hospitalized in the hospital of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile with diagnosis of loxoscelism between 2014 to 2017 and evaluated by dermatologist were included. Review of clinical files, including symptoms, images, laboratory parameters and treatment. Results: We evaluated seventeen inpatient with loxoscelism, whose presentation responds to the national epidemiological pattern. Most cases were managed with antibiotics, systemic corticosteroids, antihistamines, and dapsone. From these, 11.8% corresponded to viscerocutaneous loxoscelism, successfully managed with supportive measures, systemic corticosteroids and antihistamines. Fifty-nine percent healed their cutaneous lesions after one month of treatment, with slight residual scarring or post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, without associated mortality in our series. Discussion: Most cases of cutaneous loxoscelism presented excellent response and rapid resolution of the disease after combined therapy with systemic corticosteroids, antibiotics and dapsone, suggesting that the use of these therapies could stop the progression of cutaneous necrosis and prevent complications associated with loxoscelism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Spider Bites/complications , Skin Diseases/etiology , Spider Venoms/adverse effects , Spider Bites/diagnosis , Spider Bites/drug therapy , Seasons , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Viscera/pathology , Retrospective Studies
16.
Medisan ; 21(12)dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-997338

ABSTRACT

La infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana/sida es uno de los problemas de salud pública más importante en todo el mundo. Se estima que hasta 95 por ciento de los afectados presentan manifestaciones cutáneas durante el curso de la infección, entre las cuales se encuentran las producidas por hongos. A tales efectos, se describen algunas de ellas, las cuales deben ser reconocidas por los médicos y el personal de salud a cargo del tratamiento y control de los pacientes con esta enfermedad.


Human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS infection is one of the most important public health problems worldwide. It is considered that up to 95 percent of the affected patients present cutaneous manifestations during the course of the infection, among which we can mention those caused by fungus. To such effects, some of these are described, which should be recognized by doctors and health staff in charge of the treatment and control of patients with this disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Skin Diseases/etiology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , HIV , Communication , Immunity, Humoral , Immunity, Cellular
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(6): 793-800, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887112

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: epigenomes can be influenced by environmental factors leading to the development of diseases. Objective: To investigate the influence of sun exposure on global DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation status and at specific sites of the miR-9-1, miR-9-3 and MTHFR genes in skin samples of subjects with no history of skin diseases. Methods: Skin samples were obtained by punch on sun-exposed and sun-protected arm areas from 24 corpses of 16-89 years of age. Genomic DNA was extracted from skin samples that were ranked according to Fitzpatrick's criteria as light, moderate, and dark brown. Global DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation and DNA methylation analyses at specific sites were performed using ELISA and MSP, respectively. Results: No significant differences in global DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation levels were found among the skin areas, skin types, or age. However, gender-related differences were detected, where women showed higher methylation levels. Global DNA methylation levels were higher than hydroxymethylation levels, and the levels of these DNA modifications correlated in skin tissue. For specific sites, no differences among the areas were detected. Additional analyses showed no differences in the methylation status when age, gender, and skin type were considered; however, the methylation status of the miR-9-1 gene seems to be gender related. Study limitations: there was no separation of dermis and epidermis and low sample size. Conclusion: sun exposure does not induce changes in the DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation status or in miR-9-1, miR-9-3 and MTHFR genes for the studied skin types.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin/radiation effects , Skin Diseases/etiology , Sunlight/adverse effects , DNA Methylation/genetics , Reference Values , Skin/chemistry , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Sex Factors , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Age Factors , Radiation Exposure , MicroRNAs/genetics , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Epigenomics
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5): 638-641, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887038

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Immunosuppressive therapy, which is necessary to avoid graft rejection in renal transplant recipients, presents an increased risk of several pathologies, namely infectious and neoplastic. Objectives: To identify the most frequent skin diseases and their clinical and demographical risk factors within a population of renal transplant recipients. Methods: A retrospective study of renal transplant recipients referred to dermatology visit and observed for the first time from January 2008 to December 2014. Results: The study included 197 patients, 120 men (60,9%). Mean age was 50,7 years (±13,4). 12 patients (6,1%) had previous skin cancer. Infections were the most frequent reason of referral (93/197; 44%). From the total referred, 18,3% (36/197) presented pre-cancerous lesions. Malignancy was diagnosed in 36 patients (18,3%), with 29 non-melanoma skin cancers (14,7%) and 7 Kaposi sarcomas (3,6%). Ratio of basal cell carcinoma to squamous cell carcinoma was 1,1:1. Non-melanoma skin cancer was significantly associated with older age (p = 0,002), male gender (p = 0,028), history of previous skin cancer (p = 0,002) and higher duration of immunosuppressive therapy (p<0,001). Study limitations: Retrospective study, with data from the first visit in dermatology. We didn't made classification on skin-types. Conclusions: The great incidence of cutaneous infections and skin cancer is responsible for a significant morbidity. It is important to assure the regular dermatological follow-up of renal transplant recipients, which will promote the prevention, an early diagnosis and an efficient treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin Diseases/etiology , Immunosuppression/adverse effects , Kidney Transplantation , Skin Diseases/immunology , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/immunology , Socioeconomic Factors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Immunosuppression/methods
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 521-525, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886995

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Sensitive skin is a condition characterized by stinging, burning and itching sensations. The diagnosis, pathophysiology and treatment of sensitive skin are still under discussion. In the last years, studies on its epidemiology have been performed, showing a high prevalence and impact on quality of life. Brazilian population was also considered in these studies. Cosmetics, climate changes and skin barrier impairment are the main factors that contribute for skin hyperreactivity. New studies are trying to bring new knowledge about the theme. This review will describe data on epidemiology, triggering factors, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases , Somatosensory Disorders , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/therapy , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Skin Tests/methods , Causality , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cosmetics/adverse effects , Somatosensory Disorders/diagnosis , Somatosensory Disorders/etiology , Somatosensory Disorders/therapy , Somatosensory Disorders/epidemiology , Dermatitis/diagnosis , Dermatitis/physiopathology , Dermatitis/epidemiology , Environment
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