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1.
Distúrbios Comun. (Online) ; 35(4): e63265, 31/12/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553378

ABSTRACT

A Organização Mundial da Saúde preconiza que mudemos a forma como pensamos, sentimos e agimos com relação à idade e ao envelhecimento, lutando contra o idadismo direcionado à pessoa idosa - o conjunto de estereótipos, preconceitos e discriminação contra esse grupo. Diante do papel da fonoaudiologia na gerontologia, do impacto possível do idadismo no cuidado fonoaudiológico e por desconhecermos trabalhos semelhantes ao aqui proposto, objetivamos discutir o idadismo entre estudantes e profissionais da Fonoaudiologia. Realizou-se revisão integrativa de literatura, buscando-se artigos, em abril de 2023, a partir dos termos "idadismo" e "fonoaudiologia" nas bases Scientific Electronic Library On-line (SciELO), Literatura Latinoamericana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Public Medicine Library (PubMed). Incluíram-se todas as referências publicadas nos últimos 15 anos sobre o tema, bem como as pesquisas pertinentes à revisão citadas nestes artigos. Foram encontradas cinco pesquisas, todas quantitativas, publicadas entre 2003 e 2021, duas realizadas nos Estados Unidos, duas no Chile e uma no Brasil. O idadismo foi avaliado como preconceito, como conhecimento indevido sobre o envelhecimento, atitudeinadequada com relação aos idosos e como estereótipo sobre eles, e foi encontrado em estudantes na metade (n=2) dos estudos que os investigaram, num deles sob a forma de conhecimento inadequado e no outro sob a forma de preconceito. Ademais, o idadismo esteve presente em fonoaudiólogos em um dos quatro estudos que os avaliaram, apresentado como estereótipo positivo. Os resultados desta revisão não são generalizáveis, mas podem fundamentar reflexões com repercussões no cuidado fonoaudiológico prestado a pessoas idosas e evidenciam a necessidade de mais pesquisas. (AU)


The World Health Organization Combating proposes combating ageism toward older persons- conceptualized as stereotypes, prejudices and discrimination against older people. Due to the role of speech and language pathologist (SLP) and audiologist in gerontology, because of the possible impact of ageism in caring for older persons and because we didn't find studies similar to this research, we aimed to discuss ageism between SLP and Audiology professionals and students. We conducted an integrative review, searching articles, in 2023 April, by terms "ageism" and "SLP" in the scientific bases Scientific Electronic Library On-line (SciELO), Literatura Latinoamericana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Public Medicine Library (PubMed). All the research published in the last 15 years about the theme were included, as well as the theme-related cited in these researches. There were found five articles, all quantitative, published between 2003 and 2021, two in the United States of America, two in Chile and one in Brazil. Ageism was evaluated as prejudice, inadequate knowledge about the aging, inadequate attitude toward older persons and stereotypes about them. Ageism was found in half (n=2) of the studies that investigated SLP students, evidenced as inadequate knowledge in one of them and as prejudice in the other. Between SLP professionals, ageism was found in one of four studies, evidenced as a positive stereotype. The results are not generalizable, but they can stimulate reflections about repercussions in the care of aged persons and it points to the necessity of more studies. (AU)


La Organización Mundial de la Salud propones la lucha contra el edadismo - conoscido como estereotipos, prejuicios y discriminación contra las personas mayores. Debido al papel de la logopedia en gerontología y a la posibilidad de edadismo perjudicar el cuidado a las personas mayores, y porque desconocemos trabajos similares a nuestro, estudiamos el edadismo entre estudiantes y profesionales de Logopedia. Se desarrolló una revisión integrativa. Se buscaron artículos, en abril de 2023, por los términos "edadismo" y "logopedia" en las bases científicas Scientific Electronic Library On-line (SciELO), Literatura Latinoamericana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Public Medicine Library (PubMed). Se incluyeron todas las investigaciones sobre el tema publicadas en los últimos 15 años, y aquellas relacionadas con el tema citadas en estas investigaciones. Se encontraron cinco artículos, todos cuantitativos, publicados entre 2003 y 2021, dos de los cuales fueron realizados en Estados Unidos de América, dos en Chile y uno en Brasil. La discriminación por edad se evaluó como prejuicio, conocimiento inadecuado sobre el proceso de envejecimiento, actitud inadecuada hacia las personas mayores y estereotipos sobre esas personas. La discriminación por edad se encontró en la mitad (n=2) de los estudios sobre este grupo, evidenciada como conocimiento inadecuado en uno y como prejuicio en otro. Entre los logopedas, en uno de los cuatro estudios se encontró discriminación por edad, como un estereotipo positivo. Los resultados no son generalizables, pero pueden estimular reflexiones sobre las repercusiones en el cuidado gerontológico y señalar la necesidad de realizar más estudios. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Ageism , Stereotyping , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Attitude of Health Personnel
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(4): 205-214, ago. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515211

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La interrupción del embarazo mediando principalmente la voluntad de la mujer, es decir, cuando una mujer desea abortar para terminar su embarazo por cualquier razón, es un procedimiento controversial. Las actitudes individuales de los profesionales de la salud hacia este procedimiento influirían sobre la aceptación o el rechazo de realizarlo y, por ende, afectarían su acceso en el sistema de salud. Objetivo: Relacionar actitudes hacia la interrupción del embarazo con características sociodemográficas y académicas de estudiantes chilenos de enfermería, medicina y obstetricia y puericultura. Método: Estudio cuantitativo con diseño observacional, transversal y descriptivo. Reclutamos estudiantes universitarios con un muestreo no probabilístico. Recolectamos datos mediante cuestionarios virtuales autoadministrados. Preguntamos por la intención de realizar o asistir un aborto médico o quirúrgico frente a 15 escenarios distintos y creamos un índice con estas respuestas. Calculamos estadísticas descriptivas básicas y creamos modelos de regresión lineal. Consideramos significancia estadística si p < 0,05. Resultados: Participaron 229, 306 y 233 estudiantes de enfermería, medicina y obstetricia y puericultura, respectivamente (en total, 768). En el modelo de regresión lineal múltiple, declararse cristiano (β = −0,248) y afirmar que la religión es muy o totalmente importante en la vida (β = −0,269) se asociaron más fuertemente y de manera inversa y significativa con el índice de intención de realizar o asistir un aborto médico o quirúrgico. Conclusiones: La religión es un factor que influiría decisivamente sobre las actitudes hacia la interrupción del embarazo. Los escenarios más positivamente valorados podrían explicarse considerando que las leyes reflejarían los valores predominantes de una sociedad.


Introduction: Termination of pregnancy mediated primarily by the womans will, i.e., when a woman wishes to have an abortion to terminate her pregnancy for any reason, is a controversial procedure. The individual attitudes of health professionals towards this procedure would affect the degree of acceptance or rejection of performing this procedure and, therefore, would affect its accessibility in the health system. Objective: To relate attitudes towards abortion with sociodemographic and academic characteristics of Chilean nursing, medicine and midwifery students. Method: Quantitative study with observational, cross-sectional and descriptive design. We recruited university students with non-probabilistic sampling. We collected data through self-administered virtual questionnaires. We asked about the intention to perform an abortion in 15 different scenarios and created an index with these responses. We calculated basic descriptive statistics and created linear regression models. We considered statistical significance if p < 0.05. Results: 229, 306 and 233 students from nursing, medicine and midwifery participated, respectively (total: 768). In the multiple linear regression model, declaring oneself a Christian (β = −0.248) and stating that religion is very or totally important in life (β = −0.269) were inversely and significantly associated with the index of intention to perform an abortion. Conclusions: Religion is a factor that would decisively influence attitudes toward termination of pregnancy. The more positively valued scenarios could be explained by considering that laws would reflect the predominant values of a society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Abortion , Socioeconomic Factors , Linear Models , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Intention
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 600-606, abr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440293

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: E-learning courses become increasingly important and relevant in medicine and health sciences over the last decade. However, there are few teaching experiences of e-learning histology courses published in the literature worldwide. Moreover, most of these studies focus on the didactic aspects of the course without exploring student participation. The study presented below aimed to validate a scale to measure student participation in an e-learning histology course. We provide evidence of validity of the instrument based on its internal structure for use with medical, nursing, and midwifery students. The participants in this study were a group of 426 Chilean medical, nursing and midwifery students from a public university who completed the questionnaire in two consecutive semesters (2020-2021). Data from the first group of students were used to perform an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), while data from the second group of participants were used to perform a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The three factors identified according to the CFA were: "Habits of online," "Motivation for online learning," and "Interaction of online". After eliminating one of the initial items of the instrument, the scale showed acceptable psychometric properties suggesting that it is a useful instrument to measure students' perception of their participation in e-learning histology courses. The factors identified through the validation of the instrument provide relevant information for teachers and curriculum developers to create and implement different ways of encouraging student participation in e- learning histology courses to support online learning.


Los cursos e-learning han tomado mayor importancia y relevancia durante la ultima década en carreras de medicina y ciencias de la salud. No obstante, existen escasas experiencias docentes de cursos de histologia e-learning publicadas en la literatura mundial. Además, la mayoría de estos estudios se centran en los aspectos didácticos del curso sin explorar la participación de los estudiantes. El estudio que presentamos a continuación tuvo por objetivo validar una escala para medir la participación de los estudiantes en un curso de histología e-learning. Aportamos evidencia de validez del instrumento basada en su estructura interna para su uso con estudiantes de medicina, enfermería y obstetricia. Los participantes de este estudio fueron un grupo de 426 estudiantes chilenos de medicina, enfermería y obstetricia de una universidad pública quienes completaron el cuestionario en dos semestres consecutivos (año 2020-2021). Los datos del primer grupo de estudiantes se utilizaron para realizar un análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE), mientras que los datos del segundo grupo de participantes se utilizaron para realizar un análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC). Los tres factores identificados según el AFC fueron: "Hábitos de los estudiantes en línea", "Motivación por el aprendizaje en línea", "Interacción de los estudiantes en línea". Luego de la eliminación de uno de los ítems iniciales del instrumento, la escala mostró propiedades psicométricas aceptables sugiriendo que es un instrumento útil para medir la percepción de los estudiantes sobre su participación en cursos de histología en formato e-learning. Los factores identificados mediante la validación del instrumento entregan información relevante para que los profesores y curriculistas desarrollen e implementen diferentes formas de estimular la participación de los estudiantes en cursos de histología e- learning y así apoyar el aprendizaje en formato online.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Education, Distance , Histology/education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Education, Medical/methods , Social Participation , Interpersonal Relations
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 522-526, abr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440304

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: During the COVID-19 pandemic, a questionnaire was administered to the students who took anatomy courses through distance education in the Faculties of Medicine and Dentistry. Through the questionnaire, the aim was to figure out whether the infrastructure of Firat University was ready and adequate for distance education, how efficient the distance theoretical and practical anatomy classes were, and in what proportions the students would prefer to take face-to-face and distance anatomy classes when the pandemic is over. A questionnaire of 35 questions was applied to 555 students studying at the Medicine and Dentistry Faculties of Firat University. The students widely accepted the opinion that Firat University successfully implemented the distance education system, and distance education offered the opportunity to receive the lessons repeatedly regardless of time and place. In addition, it has been determined as a common opinion that anatomy classes given via distance education were equally beneficial as face-to-face education in terms of duration, content, and efficiency. Despite these advantages, the lack of face-to-face interaction and weak information permanence were reported as the negative aspects of distance education. The students emphasized that applied anatomy classes and especially cadaver studies should be conducted face to face. Anatomy education is quite substantial in the acquisition and development of professional skills. It is considered that distance anatomy education will be inadequate to provide this gain. The high demand for face-to-face practical classes by students also backs this up.


Durante la pandemia de COVID-19, se administró un cuestionario a los estudiantes que cursaban asignaturas de anatomía a distancia en las Facultades de Medicina y Odontología. A través del cuestionario, se pretendía conocer si la infraestructura de la Universidad de Firat estaba preparada y era adecuada para la educación a distancia, ¿qué tan eficientes eran las clases teóricas y prácticas de anatomía a distancia? y ¿en qué proporciones los estudiantes preferirían tomar clases presenciales? y clases de anatomía a distancia cuando termine la pandemia. Se aplicó un cuestionario de 35 preguntas a 555 estudiantes de las Facultades de Medicina y Odontología de la Universidad de Firat. Los estudiantes aceptaron ampliamente la opinión de que la Universidad de Firat implementó con éxito el sistema de educación a distancia, y la esta manera de enseñar ofreció la oportunidad de recibir lecciones repetidamente, independientemente de la hora y el lugar. Además, se ha determinado como opinión común que las clases de anatomía impartidas a distancia fueron igualmente beneficiosas que las presenciales en términos de duración, contenido y eficiencia. A pesar de estas ventajas, la falta de interacción cara a cara y la débil permanencia de la información fueron reportadas como los aspectos negativos de la educación a distancia. Los estudiantes enfatizaron que las clases de anatomía aplicada y en especial los estudios de cadáver deben ser presenciales. La educación en anatomía es bastante sustancial en la adquisición y desarrollo de habilidades profesionales. Se considera que la educación anatómica a distancia será inadecuada para proporcionar esta ganancia. La alta demanda de clases prácticas presenciales por parte de los estudiantes también lo avala.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Education, Distance , COVID-19 , Anatomy/education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(11): 1526-1533, nov. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442048

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning (CR) is a training mainstay in health care careers. AIM: To describe the perception of students and teachers about the development of clinical CR in Kinesiology and Dentistry careers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Exploratory descriptive qualitative study, with 12 informants (six teachers and six students), applying a script of questions through a semi-structured interview. A thematic inductive data analysis was carried out. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-five meaning units, 38 codes, seven subcategories and three categories were collected. CR was reported as a basic analysis process in health care training. Its necessary elements are knowledge, a learning environment and a facilitator teacher, among others. Motivation, analysis models, variability and exposure are reported as facilitating factors for the development of CR. Teacher paternalism, resistance to change and few learning opportunities are presented as obstacles. Active strategies such as clinical cases, simulation and clinical practice are perceived as facilitators for the development of CR. Those situations where the student does not assume a leading role such as lectures and activities in large groups, are considered as obstacles. CONCLUSIONS: Both students and teachers point to CR as an analysis process that is indispensable in both careers. Exposure to variable educational experiences through active educational strategies in small groups encourages CR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Kinesiology, Applied/education , Dentistry , Faculty/psychology , Clinical Reasoning , Perception , Problem-Based Learning , Qualitative Research , Education, Dental
6.
Aval. psicol ; 21(3): 311-318, jul.-set. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1447478

ABSTRACT

O estudo objetivou validar a versão curta de uma subescala da Gender Equitable Men (GEM) em universitários da área da saúde. A escala original possui 24 itens e avalia atitudes quanto às normas de gênero equitativas e não equitativas em relacionamentos íntimos. A partir de uma amostra censitária de 2.295 universitários da área da Saúde do Centro-Oeste brasileiro, foram realizadas análise fatorial exploratória (AFE) por meio de correlações policóricas com rotação direct Varimax e análise fatorial confirmatória (AFC) por meio da técnica de Modelagem por equações Estruturais. Outros 347 estudantes participaram na avaliação da estabilidade teste-reteste. A solução unifatorial com oito itens encontrada na AFE se mostrou satisfatória (χ²20=47,733; p<0,005; CFI=0,988; RMSEA=0,025[0,016-0,034]; SRMR=0,045), assim como na AFC (RMSEA=0,025; CFI=0,988; SRMR=0,033), obtendo-se α de Cronbach geral de 0,99. O modelo final apresentou bom ajuste e houve indícios de estabilidade moderada. A subescala da GEM versão-curta apresentou evidências de validade e fidedignidade, permitindo a avaliação de normas de gênero em adultos escolarizados com número reduzido de itens.(AU)


The study aimed to validate the short version of a subscale of the Gender Equitable Men (GEM) Scale with healthcare university students. The original scale has 24 items and assesses equitable and inequitable gender norm attitudes in intimate relationships. With a sample of 2,249 students in the health area of a university in the central west of Brazil, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed using polychoric correlations with direct Varimax rotation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using the Structural equation modeling technique. Another 347 students participated in the test-retest stability assessment. The single-factor solution with eight items was satisfactory in the EFA (χ²20=47.733; p<.005; CFI = .988; RMSEA=.025[.016-.034]; SRMR=.045), and in the CFA (RMSEA=.025; CFI = .988; SRMR=.033), obtaining a general Cronbach's α of .99. The final model presented a good fit and there were signs of moderate stability. The GEM short-version subscale presented evidence of validity and reliability, which allows the assessment of gender norms in university educated adults with a reduced number of items.(AU)


El estudio tuvo como objetivo validar la versión corta de una subescala de la Gender Equitable Men (GEM) en estudiantes universitarios del área de la salud. La escala original de 24 ítems evalúa las actitudes hacia las normas de género equitativas y no equitativas en las relaciones íntimas. A partir de una muestra censal de 2.295 estudiantes universitarios del área de la salud de la región Centro-Oeste brasileño, se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE) mediante correlaciones policóricas con rotación Varimax directa y un análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC) mediante la técnica de Modelo por ecuaciones Estructurales. Otros 347 estudiantes participaron en la evaluación de la estabilidad test-retest. La solución de un factor con ocho ítems encontrados en el AFE resultó satisfactoria (χ²20=47.733; p<0.005; CFI=0.988; RMSEA=0.025 [0.016-0.034]; SRMR=0.045), así como en el AFC (RMSEA=0,025; CFI=0,988; SRMR=0,033), obteniendo un α de Cronbach general de 0,99. El modelo final presentó un buen ajuste y hubo signos de estabilidad moderada. La subescala GEM de versión corta presentó evidencia de validez y confiabilidad, lo que permitió la evaluación de las normas de género en adultos escolarizados con un número reducido de ítems.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Social Norms , Gender Equity/psychology , Psychometrics , Social Behavior , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Correlation of Data , Sociodemographic Factors
7.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(2): 156-166, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388430

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: La salud mental en universitarios es un tema que cada vez cobra más relevancia y la importancia que tiene identificar factores que afectan su aparición, así como también en qué medida influyen en el desempeño académico. Método: Se utilizó un diseño cuantitativo no experimental, descriptivo, correlacional y de corte transversal. Se aplicó Chi Cuadrado para evaluar asociación entre variables. La muestra fue no probabilística de 166 estudiantes de enfermería, nutrición y dietética, fonoaudiología y kinesiología. Se aplicó la versión chilena abreviada de las escalas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés DASS - 21, constituida por 21 ítems, con cuatro alternativas de respuesta en formato en escala Likert y un cuestionario sociodemográfico, éste instrumento consideró variables personales, etnia Mapuche y nivel de escolaridad de los padres. El protocolo de investigación realizado fue aprobado por el Comité Ético Científico del Servicio de Salud Del Reloncaví. Resultados: El 54, 82% de la muestra presenta algún nivel de alteración o riesgo de padecer ansiedad, un 47,59% de estrés y un 31,33% depresión. El 42,17% se identifica como perteneciente a la etnia mapuche, mientras que el 56,02% se identifica como no mapuche. En relación al nivel de escolaridad del padre y de la madre, el porcentaje más alto corresponde a la categoría de enseñanza media completa (padre 37,95% y madre 36,14%). Conclusiones: Existe una asociación entre sexo femenino y los niveles ansiedad, estrés y depresión. Además, una relación entre pertenecer al género femenino, cursar las carreras de Enfermería y nutrición y dietética con presentar algún nivel de ansiedad, destacándose una asociación entre ansiedad, depresión y estrés.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Mental health in university students is a topic that is becoming more and more relevant and the importance of identifying factors that affect its appearance, as well as to what extent they influence academic performance. Method: A non-experimental, descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional quantitative design was used. Chi Square was applied to evaluate the association between variables. The sample was non-probabilistic of 166 students from nursing, nutrition and dietetics, speech therapy, and kinesiology. The abbreviated Chilean version of the DASS-21 depression, anxiety and stress scales was applied, consisting of 21 items, with four response alternatives in Likert scale format and a sociodemographic questionnaire, this instrument considered personal variables, Mapuche ethnic group and level of parental education. The research protocol carried out was approved by the Scientific Ethics Committee of the Del Reloncaví Health Service. Results: 54.82% of the sample presented some level of alteration or risk of suffering from anxiety, 47.59% stress and 31.33% depression. 42.17% identify themselves as belonging to the Mapuche ethnic group, while 56.02% identify themselves as non-Mapuche. Regarding the level of education of the father and mother, the highest percentage corresponds to the category of complete secondary education (father 37.95% and mother 36.14%). Conclusions: There is an association between female sex and levels of anxiety, stress and depression. In addition, there is a relationship between belonging to the female gender, studying nursing, nutrition and dietetics careers with presenting some level of anxiety. An association between anxiety, depression and stress stands out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Universities , Depression/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sex Distribution
8.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 23: e71879, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376106

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar a associação entre o estresse e depressão em estudantes universitários da saúde. Métodos estudo transversal realizado com 792 estudantes universitários da saúde. O instrumento de pesquisa consistiu: caracterização dos estudantes; Inventário de Depressão de Beck versão II e Escala de Estresse Percebido. Empregaram-se análise de frequência absoluta e relativa, média, desvio-padrão, mediana, intervalo interquartil, e estatística analítica. Resultados observou-se associação entre a depressão e o estresse (p<0,001) bem como correlação forte entre eles (r=0,731; p<0,001). Em alto nível de estresse encontraram-se 9,5% dos estudantes e, em moderada a grave intensidade de sintomas comuns de depressão, 23,6% dos mesmos. Conclusão percebeu-se diferença nas médias entre os níveis de depressão e estresse, em que quanto maior o nível de depressão maior a média do estresse. Contribuições para a prática: o estresse está relacionado com a depressão em estudantes universitários da saúde, os quais, após a conclusão da graduação, podem entrar no mercado de trabalho já adoecidos, o que traz implicações para as relações interpessoais, saúde do trabalhador e segurança do paciente. Isso possibilita às instituições de ensino superior uma reflexão acerca da organização de práticas e políticas de intervenções para a redução do estresse e depressão entre os estudantes.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the association between stress and depression in university health students. Methods cross-sectional study conducted with 792 university health students. The research instrument consisted of characterization of the students, Beck Depression Inventory version II and the Perceived Stress Scale. Absolute and relative frequency analysis, mean, standard deviation, median, interquartile range, and analytical statistics were used. Results an association between depression and stress was observed (p<0.001) as well as a strong correlation between them (r=0.731; p<0.001). In high level of stress 9.5% of the students were found and in moderate to severe intensity of common symptoms of depression, 23.6% of them. Conclusion a difference was noticed in the averages between the levels of depression and stress, in that the higher the level of depression, the higher the average stress. Contributions to practice: stress is related to depression in university health students, who, after graduation, may enter the labor market already sick, which brings implications for interpersonal relationships, worker health and patient safety. This enables higher education institutions to reflect on the organization of practices and intervention policies for the reduction of stress and depression among students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Depression/psychology , Universities , Cross-Sectional Studies
9.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 17(2): 60-64, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379522

ABSTRACT

Frente a la pandemia del CoVID-19, resulta fundamental establecer estrategias manteniendo distanciamiento social, que permitan educar a profesionales de la salud sobre aspectos relacionados con SARS-CoV-2. La Sociedad Chilena de Neumología Pediátrica creó un E-learnig de contingencia de acceso libre. OBJETIVO: Describir las características del curso online "Desafíos de la pandemia CoVID-19 en Pediatría", y evaluar el grado de satisfacción de quienes lo cursaron. Estudio transversal. Todos los inscritos en el curso, entre mayo 2020 y julio 2020. Se grabaron 12 clases dictadas por especialistas con representación académica de Chile. Se realizó una prueba final y una encuesta de satisfacción, con puntaje de 1 a 7. Se realizó análisis descriptivo e inferencial, evaluando asociación entre clasificación final del curso, profesión y zona geográfica de los participantes con test de Kruskal Wallis, significancia estadística p<0,05. Aprobado por comité ética. Participaron 2541 alumnos, 73% mujeres. Mediana de edad 32,7 años. 90,7% de Chile, de estos 63,2% de regiones. De procedencia extranjera destacó Bolivia (2,9%) y Ecuador (2,5%). De los que realizaron la prueba, el 98,6% aprobó. Existió diferencia entre notas según profesión, Médicos-Kinesiólogos(p=0.025) y Médicos-Enfermeros(p=0.002); y según procedencia, Región Metropolitana (RM)-Otras regiones (p=0.041), RM-Internacional(p<0,001) y Otras regiones-Internacional(p<0,001). La evaluación de contenidos ponderó 6,6 y la accesibilidad 6,8. El 98% contestó que el curso cumplió sus expectativas. Concluimos que se inscribió un gran número de alumnos de Chile y Latinoamérica. Más del 98% aprobó la prueba final y refirió un alto nivel de satisfacción. Sugerimos emplear estrategias similares en situaciones de catástrofes sanitarias.


In the face of the CoVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to establish strategies, maintaining social distancing, that allow educating health professionals on aspects related to SARS-CoV-2. The Chilean Society of Pediatric Pulmonology created a free access contingency E-learning. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of the online course "Challenges of the CoVID-19 pandemic in Pediatrics", and to evaluate the grade of satisfaction of those who attended it.Transversal study. All those enrolled in the course, between May 2020 and July 2020. 12 classes taught by specialists with academic representation from Chile were recorded. A final test and a satisfaction survey were carried out, with a score from 1 to 7. A descriptive and inferential analysis was implemented, evaluating the association between the final classification of the course, profession and geographical area of the participants with the Kruskal Wallis test, statistical significance p< 0.05. Approved by ethics committee. 2541 students participated, 73% women. Median age 32.7 years. 90.7% from Chile, of these 63.2% from regions. Of foreign origin, Bolivia (2.9%) and Ecuador (2.5%) stand out. Of those who took the test, 98.6% were successful. There was a difference between grades according to profession, Physicians-Kinesiologists(p=0.025) and Physicians-Nurses(p=0.002); and according to origin, Metropolitan Region (RM)-Other regions (p=0.041), RM-International (p<0.001) and Other regions-International (p<0.001). The content evaluation pondered 6.6 and accessibility 6.8. 98% responded that the course met their expectations. CONCLUSION: A large number of students from Chile and Latin America were enrolled. More than 98% passed the final test and reported a high level of satisfaction. We suggest using similar strategies in situations of health catastrophes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pediatrics/methods , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Health Personnel/psychology , Education, Distance/methods , COVID-19 , Learning , Personal Satisfaction , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Medical/methods , Pandemics
10.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(4): 9-15, out.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359199

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A qualidade do sono é uma das queixas mais frequentes entre estudantes universitários. OBJETIVOS: Identificar a prevalência de má qualidade do sono e os fatores associados em acadêmicos da área da saúde de uma universidade do Centro-Oeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com uma amostra de 2171 universitários com média de idade de 22,7 (±3,9). O desfecho, sono de má qualidade, foi avaliado por meio da versão brasileira do questionário Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-BR). As variáveis independentes (demográficas, socioeconômicas e comportamentais) foram avaliadas por meio de um questionário padronizado. As análises multivariadas foram realizadas por meio de Regressão de Poisson, estimando-se as Razões de Prevalências (RP) ajustadas e seus respectivos Intervalos de Confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: A média do escore do PSQI-BR foi 7,0. A prevalência de má qualidade do sono foi de 63,5% (IC95% 61,4-65,5), sendo 60,3% nos homens e 64,8% nas mulheres. Após análise ajustada, auto percepção de saúde razoável/ruim esteve associada com má qualidade do sono em ambos os sexos. Além disso, para os homens, a prevalência de má qualidade do sono foi maior para os estudantes que fumavam; e foi menor para aqueles que consumiam adequadamente frutas, legumes e verduras e eram suficientemente ativos. Já para as mulheres, a prevalência de má qualidade do sono foi maior naquelas com 24 ou mais anos de idade, sem companheiro, que consumiam bebidas alcoólicas e que cursavam medicina. CONCLUSÃO: Verificou-se elevada prevalência do desfecho na amostra. Além disso, a má qualidade do sono ocorre de forma diferente entre homens e mulheres. Ressalva-se a importância do monitoramento da má qualidade do sono em estudantes universitários.


INTRODUCTION: Sleep quality is one of the most frequent complaints among college students. OBJETIVE: To identify the prevalence of poor sleep quality and associated factors in health care academics at a university in the Midwest of Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 2171 university students with a mean age of 22.7 (±3.9). The outcome, poor quality sleep, was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-BR) questionnaire. Independent variables (demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral) were assessed using a standardized questionnaire. Multivariate analyzes were performed using Poisson Regression, estimating the adjusted Prevalence Ratios (PR) and their respective 95% Confidence Intervals (95%CI). RESULTS: The mean score of the PSQI-BR was 7.0. The prevalence of poor sleep quality was 63.5% (95%CI 61.4-65.5), being 60.3% in men and 64.8% in women. After adjusted analysis, reasonable/poor self-rated health was associated with poor sleep quality in both sexes. Furthermore, for men, the prevalence of poor sleep quality was higher for students who smoked; and it was lower for those who adequately consumed fruits and vegetables and were sufficiently active. As for women, the prevalence of poor sleep quality was higher in those aged 24 or over, without a partner, who consumed alcoholic beverages and who were studying medicine. CONCLUSION: There was a high prevalence of the outcome in the sample. Furthermore, poor sleep quality occurs differently between men and women. Thus, we emphasize the importance of monitoring poor sleep quality in college students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Sleep Deprivation/epidemiology , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Students, Health Occupations/statistics & numerical data , Universities , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 223-229, oct.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391703

ABSTRACT

La guía de autorregulación del aprendizaje es un instrumento de aprendizaje y evaluación cuya estructura de planificación, ejecución y reflexión permite trabajar en función de los resultados de aprendizaje esperados en una unidad del programa de un curso. El objetivo del estudio compara el rendimiento académico de estudiantes de 4to año, de nutrición y dietética de la asignatura de Dietoterapia en patologías complejas durante el año 2019 con otro grupo que no utilizó guías de autorregulación en el mismo curso durante el año 2018. La muestra fue de tipo no probabilística discrecional n=51 estudiantes (2018), n=49 estudiantes (2019). Se evaluó la percepción de los estudiantes mediante un instrumento de valoración, tipo Likert y se contrastaron las calificaciones obtenidas mediante T Student. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron una mejora significativa en las calificaciones de los estudiantes que utilizaron guías de autorregulación. Logrando un promedio más alto en comparación con estudiantes que trabajaron con metodología tradicional (p> 0,05). La percepción de los estudiantes indicó que la guía de autorregulación del aprendizaje es una herramienta que permite mejorar sus calificaciones y planificar sus tiempos de estudios.


The learning self-regulation guide is a learning and evaluation instrument whose planning, execution and reflection structure allows working according to the expected learning outcomes in a unit of a course program. The objective of the study compares the academic performance of 4th year students, nutrition and dietetics of the subject of Dietotherapy in complex pathologies during the year 2019 with another group that did not use self-regulation guidelines in the same course during the year 2018. The sample It was discretionary non-probabilistic n = 51 students (2018), n = 49 students (2019). The perception of the students was evaluated by means of a Likert-type assessment instrument and the grades obtained by T Student were contrasted. The results obtained a significant improvement in the grades of the students who used self-regulation guides. Achieving a higher average compared to students who worked with traditional methodology (p > 0.05). The perception of students indicates that the self-regulation learning guide is a tool that allows them to improve their grades and plan their study times.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Teaching , Self-Control , Academic Performance , Perception , Educational Measurement , Nutritional Sciences , Learning
12.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(3): 211-221, sept. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388149

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El tabaquismo continúa siendo un problema sanitario en población universitaria y profesionales de la salud. Los kinesiólogos participan en la implementación de programas orientados a la prevención y cese del tabaquismo en la comunidad. El objetivo de este estudio fue explorar la prevalencia de tabaquismo y actitudes sobre consumo de tabaco en estudiantes de kinesiología. MÉTODOS: Estudio de corte transversal realizado en estudiantes de Kinesiología de Concepción (Chile), durante los años 2017 y 2018. Se determinó la conducta y actitudes sobre tabaquismo. Mediante regresión logística se determinó la asociación entre la conducta fumadora y las actitudes sobre tabaquismo. Se consideró un valor de p < 0,05 como estadísticamente significativo. RESULTADOS: Se contestaron 554 cuestionarios. El 57,8% de los estudiantes encuestados declaró no haber fumado nunca, 13 % no haber fumado los últimos 6 meses y 29,4% declaró ser fumador actual. Por su parte, el 99,5% expresó algún grado de acuerdo con que fumar es perjudicial para la salud, lo cual se relacionó con la conducta fumadora (p < 0,0002). En relación a actitudes sobre tabaquismo, comparado a los no fumadores, los fumadores actuales presentan mayor probabilidad de mostrar desacuerdo o indiferencia respecto a actitudes positivas sobre tabaquismo. Principalmente en aquellas acciones que restringen su consumo, venta y divulgación (OR ponderado = 2,43; 95%IC 2,02 - 2,92). CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de tabaquismo en estudiantes de Kinesiología de Concepción es del 29,2%. Los estudiantes fumadores expresan una menor aprobación relacionada a intervenciones, actitudes y consecuencias del tabaquismo para la salud comparada con los no fumadores.


INTRODUCTION: Notwithstanding control policies, smoking continues to be a health problem in university students and health professionals, who are responsible for implementing programs oriented to prevention and cessation of smoking in the community. The objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of smoking and attitudes about smoking in physical therapy students. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in students of physical therapy from three universities of Concepción city (Chile), during the years 2017 and 2018. Behavior and attitudes about smoking were evaluated. Association between smoking behavior and attitudes about smoking was determined by logistic regression. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: 554 questionnaires were answered. 57.8% of respondents had never smoked, 13.0% had not smoked in the last 6 months and 29.4% were current smokers. Moreover 99.5% of respondents stated some degree of agreement that smoking is harmful to health, which was related to smoking behavior (p < 0.0002). In relation to attitudes about smoking, compared to non-smokers, current smokers have a greater chance of showing disagreement or indifference regarding positive attitudes about smoking. Mainly in those actions that restrict tobacco consumption, sale and disclosure (weighted OR = 2.43, 95% CI 2.02 - 2.92). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of current smoking in physical therapy students from Concepcion city is 29.2%. Smoking students express lower approval related to interventions, attitudes and consequences of smoking for health compared with non-smokers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Tobacco Use Disorder/psychology , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Universities , Logistic Models , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(4): 1063-1067, ago. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385460

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El año 2020 se declaró a la COVID-19 como pandemia, afectando a Chile en sus actividades comerciales, sociales y de educación, haciendo imposible la interacción presencial estudiante-docente en todas las universidades del país. Lo anterior, sumado al difícil momento económico y social que los estudiantes atraviesan, se torna necesario la búsqueda de estrategias que lo acerquen al docente para brindarles de manera más sencilla y rápida el material de estudio. Instagram resulta ser una herramienta de fácil uso y acceso para todos. El objetivo fue utilizar la plataforma de redes sociales Instagram como una herramienta útil de acercamiento a contenidos de Histología y Embriología, para estudiantes de la Universidad de Talca, Chile. Como metodología, se utilizó la plataforma Instagram, con una cuenta diseñada para entregar material docente a estudiantes de primer y segundo año de la Universidad de Talca, en las carreras de las Ciencias de la Salud, en las áreas de Histología y Embriología, consistentes en preguntas teóricas y prácticas, figuras rotuladas, caricaturas y esquemas diseñados y confeccionados de manera propia. Dicho material fue puesto diariamente en la plataforma según las materias que el estudiantado debería ver por calendario en los distintos módulos. Luego de transcurrido el primer semestre del se procedió a realizar una encuesta con el fin de evaluar el impacto de la iniciativa en los estudiantes. Éstos percibieron la iniciativa docente de manera positiva, con metodologías que incentivaron la participación e interacción académico-estudiante. Resaltaron la calidad del material y el acceso más rápido y en todo momento desde sus teléfonos móviles. Instagram viene a ser una buena herramienta coadyuvante a otras metodologías de entrega de material docente por vías formales institucionales, permitiendo a los estudiantes un fácil acceso, rápido y de bajo costo.


SUMMARY: In 2020, COVID-19 was declared a pandemic, affecting our country both in commercial, social and educational activities; making student-teacher interaction impossible in all the country's universities. This, added to the difficult economic and social times that our students are going through, make it increasingly necessary to search for strategies that bring us closer to providing them with study material in a simpler way. This is why Instagram turns out to be a tool that is accessible and easy to use. The objective was to describe the social media platform Instagram as a useful tool for accessing Histology and Embryology content, for students at the Universidad de Talca, Chile. As a methodology, the Instagram platform was used, with an account designed to deliver teaching material to first and second year students of the Universidad de Talca, in the Health Sciences degree programs, in areas of Histology and Embryology, consisting of theoretical and practical questions, labeled figures, cartoons and diagrams designed and created themselves. This material was posted on the platform daily according to the subjects that the students should see according to the calendar in the different modules. After the first semester of this year, a survey was taken in order to evaluate the impact of the initiative on students. The students perceived the teaching initiative in a positive way, with methodologies that encouraged academic-student participation and interaction. They highlighted the quality of the material and the quicker access at all times from their mobile phones. Instagram becomes a good tool to help other methodologies to delivery of teaching material through formal institutional channels, allowing students to access faster and at a low cost of navigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Social Networking , COVID-19 , Anatomy/education , Chile , Embryology/education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics
14.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 70(2): 99-107, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279313

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with anxiety disorders among university students of health sciences at Federal University of Ouro Preto, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study between March to June 2019. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire including sociodemographic, academic, family and behavioral issues. The Beck Anxiety Inventory was used to assess anxiety. Estimates were obtained through the prevalence ratio and Poisson multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Four hundred and ninety-three students participated with a mean age of 23.1 and predominantly women (79.9%). All students had some degree of anxiety, with the frequency of the severe, moderate and mild forms being 28.0%, 29.8% and 27.0%, respectively. The factors associated with anxiety included having suffered psychological and/or physical violence in childhood, having suicidal thoughts, having a deceased parent, living with parents, being dissatisfied with the course and being in the exam period. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of anxiety was high in our study and family problems prior to entering university seem to significantly influence the degree of anxiety, which may compromise the student's academic and social performance.


OBJETIVO: O objetivo foi avaliar a prevalência e os fatores associados aos transtornos de ansiedade em estudantes universitários de ciências da saúde da Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, entre março e junho de 2019. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário autoaplicável, incluindo questões sociodemográficas, acadêmicas, familiares e comportamentais. O Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck foi usado para avaliar a ansiedade. As estimativas foram obtidas por meio da razão de prevalência e análise multivariada de Poisson. RESULTADOS: Participaram 493 alunos com idade média de 23,1 anos e predominância do sexo feminino (79,9%). Todos os alunos apresentaram algum grau de ansiedade, sendo a frequência da forma grave, moderada e leve de 28,0%, 29,8% e 27,0%, respectivamente. Os fatores associados à ansiedade foram: ter sofrido violência psicológica e/ou física na infância, ter pensamentos suicidas, ter pai falecido, morar com os pais, ter insatisfação com o curso e estar em período de provas. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de ansiedade foi elevada em nosso estudo e os problemas familiares anteriores ao ingresso na universidade parecem influenciar significativamente no grau de ansiedade, podendo comprometer o desempenho acadêmico e social do discente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Family Conflict
15.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 70(2): 126-133, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279305

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação da imagem corporal e o comportamento alimentar de universitários de uma capital do Nordeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Participaram da pesquisa universitários (n = 1570) da área da saúde de ambos os sexos, de quatro instituições de ensino superior. As dimensões da imagem corporal (i.e., perceptiva e atitudinal) foram avaliadas por meio da Escala de Silhuetas para adultos brasileiros; e o comportamento alimentar por meio da versão brasileira do Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Para a avaliação do estado nutricional, foram coletados peso corporal e estatura de modo autorreportado. A análise de associação foi feita pela regressão linear múltipla, após estratificação por sexo. RESULTADOS: Notou-se maior prevalência de universitárias do sexo feminino (72,9%), com idade média de 21,8 (DP = 4,1) anos. Foi encontrada associação entre percepção e (in)satisfação corporal com o comportamento alimentar em ambos os sexos. As mulheres que superestimaram o tamanho corporal obtiveram associação inversa com a dimensão alimentar restritiva (p = 0,001); e as insatisfeitas por magreza, associação direta entre alimentação restritiva; e inversa com o comportamento emocional (p < 0,001). Os homens que superestimaram seu tamanho corporal evidenciaram associação direta com a alimentação emocional; e entre os insatisfeitos por excesso de peso houve associação direta com a dimensão emocional (p = 0,032) e global (p = 0,046) do comportamento alimentar. CONCLUSÕES: O presente estudo demonstra que a imagem corporal negativa, considerando as duas dimensões avaliadas (i.e., perceptiva e atitudinal), foi associada ao comportamento alimentar entre universitários de ambos os sexos.


OBJECTIVE: To analyze an association of image and eating behavior of university students from a capital city in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: Participated in university research (n = 1570) in the health area of both sexes, from four higher education institutions. The dimensions of body image (that is, perceptual and attitudinal) were assessed using the Brazilian Adult Silhouettes Scale; and eating behavior using the Brazilian version of the Dutch eating behavior questionnaire (DEBQ). For an assessment of nutritional status, body weight and height were collected automatically reported. An association analysis was performed using the selected linear regression, after stratification by sex. RESULTS: There is no higher prevalence of women (72.9%), with a mean age of 21.8 (SD = 4.1) years. An association was found between perception and (in) body satisfaction with eating behavior in both sexes. Women who overestimated body size had an inverse association with the restrictive dietary dimension (p = 0.001); and as dissatisfied by law, direct association between restrictive eating; and inverse with emotional behavior (p < 0.001). Men who overestimate their body size, showed an association with emotional nutrition; among those dissatisfied with excess weight, there was an association with emotional (p = 0.032) and global (p = 0.046) dimensions of eating behavior. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that a negative body image, considering two dimensions evaluated (that is, perceptual and attitudinal), was associated with eating behavior among university students of both sexes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Body Image/psychology , Feeding Behavior , Students, Health Occupations/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Body Dissatisfaction/psychology
16.
Distúrb. comun ; 33(2): 299-314, jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401238

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Apesar de diferentes esforços para a promoção da inclusão, adaptação e qualidade de vida de pessoas com deficiências (PcD) ainda há barreiras a serem vencidas, principalmente, as atitudinais; tais pessoas continuam sujeitas a diferentes graus e tipos de discriminação. Sabe-se que a formação profissional em Saúde, por exemplo - em Fonoaudiologia - implica em envolvimento com PcD; por isso, a conveniência de se realizar pesquisas, junto a estudantes, sobre esse tema. Objetivo: caracterizar e analisar percepções e atitudes de acadêmicos frente à PcD. Método: estudo exploratório, analítico e quantitativo, realizado por meio de um questionário online, elaborado exclusivamente para este, bem como pelo uso da The Multidimensional Attitudes Scale Toward Persons With Disabilities (MAS), adaptada, visando-se conhecer as percepções e as atitudes dos acadêmicos de Fonoaudiologia da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, acerca de PcD. A coleta ocorreu entre dezembro de 2019 e março de 2020. Os resultados foram analisados por estatística descritiva. Resultados: participaram 36 estudantes; sendo a maioria do sexo feminino, advinda de escolas públicas e com pouco contato com PcD, anteriormente e durante a graduação. Prevaleceu a percepção de não se sentirem amplamente preparados para lidarem com PcD, revelando atitudes como: i) posicionamentos, por vezes, excludentes; ii) sentimentos de tensão, timidez, vergonha e impotência; iii) intenção para interação com PcD, mas comportamentos contraditórios em relação à mesma. Conclusão: as percepções e as atitudes dos acadêmicos, de modo geral, indicaram pouco contato e insuficiente formação relacionada às deficiências. Sugere-se mais estudos que analisem aspectos singulares da formação acadêmica voltada à PcD.


Introduction: Despite different efforts to promote inclusion, adaptation and quality of life for people with disabilities (PwD), there are still barriers to be overcome, especially attitudinal ones. Such people remain subject to different degrees and types of discrimination. It is known that professional training in health, for example - Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology - requires involvement with PwD; therefore, the convenience of conducting research with students on this topic. Objective: to characterize and analyze academics' perceptions and attitudes towards PwD. Method: an exploratory, analytical and quantitative study, carried out by an online questionnaire, designed exclusively for this one, as well as using the Multidimensional Attitudes Scale toward Persons with Disabilities (MAS) adapted, in order to know the perceptions and attitudes of academics of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology at the Federal University of Santa Maria about the PwD. The collection data occurred between December 2019 and March 2020. The results were tabulated and analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results: 36 students participated; most of them female, coming from public schools, having little contact with PwD before, also in University graduate. A perception of not being widely prepared to deal with PwD prevailed. They revealed as attitudes: i) sometimes excluding positions; ii) feelings of tension, shyness, shame and impotence; iii) intention for interaction, but contradictory behaviours for such. Conclusion: Students' perceptions and attitudes generally indicated little contact and insufficient training related to disabilities. It is suggested that more studies analyze unique aspects of academic training focused on PwD.


Introducción: A pesar de los diferentes esfuerzos para promover la inclusión, la adaptación y la calidad de vida de las personas con discapacidad (PcD), todavía existen barreras que superar, especialmente las actitudinales. Estas personas siguen sujetos a diferentes grados y tipos de discriminación. Se sabe que la formación profesional en salud, por ejemplo - en Fonoaudiología- requiere envolvimiento con PcD; por eso la conveniencia de realizar investigaciones con los estudiantes sobre éste tema. Objetivo: caracterizar y analizar las percepciones y actitudes de los académicos hacia las personas con discapacidad. Método: Estudio exploratorio, analítico y cuantitativo, realizado a través de un cuestionario en línea, desarrollado exclusivamente para este propósito, así como el uso de la The Multidimensional Attitudes Scale Toward Persons With Disabilities (MAS) adaptada, que tuvo como objetivo conocer las percepciones y actitudes de los académicos de Fonoaudiología de la Universidad Federal de Santa Maria sobre las personas con discapacidad. La busca se realizó entre diciembre de 2019 y marzo de 2020. Los resultados fueron tabulados y analizados mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: participaron 36 estudiantes; en su mayoría mujeres, provenientes de escuelas públicas, con poco contacto con las personas con discapacidad antes y también durante la educación superior. Tenían la percepción de no sentirse completamente preparados para lidiar con las personas con discapacidad. Revelaron como actitudes: i) posiciones, a veces excluyentes; ii) sentimientos de tensión, timidez, vergüenza e impotencia; iii) intención para la interacción, pero comportamientos contradictorios pala la misma. Conclusión: Las percepciones y actitudes de los estudiantes, en general, indicaron poco contacto e insuficiente formación relacionada con la discapacidad. Se proponen nuevos estudios que analicen aspectos singulares de la formación académica orientada a las personas con discapacidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Perception , Attitude , Disabled Persons , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/education
18.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 25(supl.1): e210007, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350865

ABSTRACT

No Brasil, além do Coronavírus, enfrentam-se escassez de de equipamentos de proteção individual (EPIs), manutenção da mesma força de trabalho na linha de frente e política pública de saúde instável, com informações discordantes, tornando esse período extremamente desgastante. Esta pesquisa avalia as repercussões da pandemia da Covid-19 sobre os diferentes perfis de profissionais e estudantes da Saúde no estado de São Paulo. Utilizou-se questionário on-line semiestruturado validado, com análise quantitativa, via processamento de dados pelo software STATA 13.0, e qualitativa, por análise de conteúdo proposta por Bardin. Os achados corroboram a prevalência de importante sobrecarga nos estudantes e profissionais da Saúde, manifestada por alterações em humor, sono e cognição, ansiedade, desconforto físico, pessimismo e aumento de pesadelos. Como contraponto aos desafios, a pandemia trouxe potente processo de aprendizagem e a possibilidade prática de compreender a necessidade de adaptação e reconhecer a importância da pesquisa científica.(AU)


En Brasil, además del coronavirus, hay que enfrentar la escasez de Equipos de Protección Individual (EPI), el mantenimiento de la misma fuerza de trabajo en la línea de frente y una política pública de salud inestable, con informaciones discordantes, haciendo que ese episodio sea extremadamente desgastante. Esta encuesta evalúa las repercusiones de la pandemia de Covid-19 sobre los diferentes perfiles de profesionales y estudiantes de la salud en el estado de São Paulo. Se utilizó un cuestionario online semiestructurado, validado, con análisis cuantitativo vía procesamiento de datos por el software STATA 13.0, y cualitativa, por medio de análisis de contenido propuesto por Bardin. Los hallazgos corroboran la prevalencia de una importante sobrecarga en los estudiantes y profesionales de la salud, manifestada por alteraciones en el humor, sueño y cognición, ansiedad, incómodo físico, pesimismo y aumento de pesadillas. Como contrapunto a los desafíos, la pandemia brindó un potente proceso de aprendizaje y la posibilidad práctica de comprender la necesidad de adaptación y reconocer la importancia de la investigación científica.(AU)


Brazilian health workers and students must face, added to the coronavirus, the lack of Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs), keeping of same work force in the frontlines, as well as an unstable and uninformative public health policy, contributing to an exhausting endeavor. This research evaluates the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on the different profiles of healthcare workers and students in the state of São Paulo. The online semi structured validated survey was applied, with quantitative analysis through data processing by STATA 13.0, and qualitative, through content analysis according to Bardin. Our findings corroborate the prevalence of an important overload within the students and healthcare workers, manifested through mood, sleep and cognition alteration, anxiety, physical discomfort, pessimism and increase in nightmares. As a counterpoint to these challenges, the pandemic has brought a powerful learning process, by understanding the need to adapt and the importance of scientific research.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Mental Health , Health Personnel/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Burnout, Professional , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Ribeirão Preto; s.n; 2021. 83 p. tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1378118

ABSTRACT

As atitudes relacionadas ao comportamento suicida e o risco de suicídio entre graduandos da saúde podem impactar negativamente o bem-estar, a saúde, dessa população, bem como a formação de recursos humanos para a assistência à pessoa com comportamento suicida. O estudo teve como objetivo analisar as atitudes relacionadas ao comportamento suicida e ao risco de suicídio entre graduandos de cursos da área de saúde. Estudo correlacional, transversal e de abordagem quantitativa, desenvolvido com 747 estudantes universitários que estavam matriculados a partir do 5° período nos cursos de graduação em Biomedicina, Enfermagem, Farmácia, Fisioterapia, Medicina, Nutrição e Odontologia de uma instituição de ensino superior localizada no Sul de Minas Gerais. A coleta de dados ocorreu de maio a junho de 2018, após a aprovação no Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Foram autoaplicados seis instrumentos: Questionário sociodemográfico, educacional e clínico; Questionário de Atitudes frente ao Comportamento Suicida; Escala de Esperança de Herth; Avaliação do Risco de Suicídio; Inventário de Depressão Maior e Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Os dados foram tabulados em programa estatístico, para análise estatística descritiva, teste de comparação de média, correlação e regressão. Os preditores de sentimentos negativos relacionados ao comportamento suicida foram: sexo feminino, não participar de atividades religiosas, menor competência profissional autopercebida e atitudes moralistas. Foram preditores de competência profissional autopercebida: ter transtorno mental, ter mais esperança, presença risco de suicídio, não ter religião ou espiritualidade, menos sentimentos negativos e atitudes moralistas. Os preditores de maior compreensão do direito ao suicídio foram não participar de atividades religiosas, ter diagnóstico de transtorno mental, ler material específico sobre suicídio, ter menos sentimentos negativos, menos esperança e menos percepção da própria capacidade profissional. Os preditores de risco de suicídio foram ter sintomas depressivos, baixa autoestima, diagnóstico de transtorno mental, uso de psicofármacos, insatisfação com o apoio social e ler materiais sobre suicídio. O estudo pode subsidiar as políticas públicas para o apoio aos estudantes universitários e a importância de esta temática ser inserida nos componentes curriculares para promover uma melhor assistência a esses indivíduos com comportamento suicida


Attitudes related to suicidal behavior and the risk of suicide among health graduates can negatively impact the well-being, health of this population, as well as the training of human resources to assist people with suicidal behavior. The study aimed to analyze attitudes related to suicidal behavior and the risk of suicide among undergraduate health courses. Correlational, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, developed with 747 university students who were enrolled from the 5th period in the undergraduate courses in Biomedicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physiotherapy, Medicine, Nutrition and Dentistry from a higher education institution, from a higher education institution located in South of Minas Gerais. Data collection took place from May to June 2018, after approval by the Research Ethics Committee. Six instruments were self-applied: Sociodemographic, educational and clinical questionnaire; Questionnaire of Attitudes towards Suicidal Behavior; Herth's Hope Scale; Suicide Risk Assessment; Major Depression Inventory and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale. The data were tabulated in a statistical program, for descriptive statistical analysis, mean comparison test, correlation and regression. The predictors of negative feelings related to suicidal behavior were: female gender, not participating in religious activities, less self-perceived professional competence and moralistic attitudes. They were predictors of self-perceived professional competence: having a mental disorder, having more hope, having a risk of suicide, having no religion or spirituality, less negative feelings and moralistic attitudes. The predictors of greater understanding of the right to suicide were not participating in religious activities, being diagnosed with a mental disorder, reading specific material about suicide, having less negative feelings, less hope and less perception of one's professional ability. The predictors of suicide risk were having depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, diagnosis of mental disorder, use of psychotropic drugs, dissatisfaction with social support and reading materials about suicide. The study can support public policies to support university students and the importance of this theme being included in the curriculum components to promote better assistance to these individuals with suicidal behavior


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Attitude , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 25(supl.1): e210123, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340073

ABSTRACT

Considerando a escassez de espaços efetivos e afetivos de criação, reflexão e escuta que incitem o processo ensino-aprendizagem durante a pandemia de Covid-19, estruturou-se um projeto de ensino intitulado Curadorias Inventivas e Participativas. O presente trabalho constitui relato de experiência do referido projeto, cujo objetivo foi contribuir para a formação de terapeutas ocupacionais, favorecendo espaços de expressão, acolhimento e estudo. Os procedimentos foram estruturados em oito módulos sequenciais e seus resultados organizados em quatro categorias, a saber: Costurando a experiência: as curadorias vividas; Curadorias que conectaram: a formação de um coletivo; Ensinagem e as curadorias: contribuições para a formação profissional; e Outras ressonâncias. Compreende-se que o projeto contemplou seus objetivos, proporcionando uma experiência menos tradicional no âmbito do ensino acadêmico. Esteve comprometido com as relações entre as acadêmicas e seus cotidianos na pandemia (AU)


Considering the lack of effective and affective spaces for creating, reflecting and listening that promote the teaching-learning process during the Covid-19 pandemic, we developed a project entitled Inventive and Participatory Healing Spaces. This work describes the experiences of this project, whose aim was to contribute to the professional training of occupational therapists, fostering the development of spaces of expression, welcoming and study. The results are grouped into the following four categories: weaving experience: lived healing spaces; healing spaces that connected: forming a collective; teaching and healing spaces: contributions to professional training; and other resonances. The findings show that the project met its objectives, providing a less traditional experience within academic teaching. The project was committed to relations between the students and their daily lives during the pandemic (AU)


Considerando la escasez de espacios efectivos y afectivos de creación, reflexión y escucha que inciten el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje durante la pandemia de Covid-19, se estructuró un proyecto de enseñanza titulado Curadurías Inventivas y participativas. Este trabajo se constituyó como relato de experiencia del referido proyecto, cuyo objetivo fue contribuir con la formación de terapeutas ocupacionales favoreciendo espacios de expresión, acogida y estudio. Los procedimientos se estructuraron en ocho módulos secuenciales y sus resultados se organizaron en cuatro categorías, a saber: Costura de la experiencia: las curadurías vividas; Curadurías que conectaron: la formación de un colectivo: Ensinagem y las curadurías: contribuciones para la formación profesional y otras resonancias. Se entiende que el proyecto alcanzó sus objetivos, proporcionando una experiencia menos tradicional en el ámbito de la enseñanza académica. Estuvo comprometido con las relaciones entre las academias y sus cotidianos en la pandemia (AU)


Subject(s)
Occupational Therapy/education , Program Development/methods , Data Curation , COVID-19 , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Problem-Based Learning
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