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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 155-160, 20240102. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526867

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los teratomas son neoplasias que surgen a partir de células germinales pluripotenciales y derivan de dos o más capas de células. Se clasifican en tumores maduros, que contienen tejidos bien diferenciados, o inmaduros, que contienen estructuras inmaduras y embrionarias. Su localización más frecuente son las gónadas; la ubicación mesentérica es infrecuente y se han descrito aproximadamente 40 casos en la literatura mundial. Dentro del abordaje diagnóstico y terapéutico, se emplea la tomografía computarizada y la resonancia magnética nuclear para caracterizar la lesión, evaluar la extensión intraabdominal y la relación con otras estructuras. El diagnóstico debe confirmarse mediante el examen histopatológico. Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 56 años, con antecedente de carcinoma ductal infiltrante de mama izquierda en remisión, en estudios de seguimiento con hallazgo incidental en tomografía de abdomen de lesión abdominopélvica dependiente del mesenterio, contornos lisos y nivel grasa-líquido. Estudios de extensión con marcadores tumorales negativos. Resultados. Por la alta sospecha clínica e imagenológica de teratoma, fue llevada a resección quirúrgica de la lesión. El examen histopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de teratoma quístico maduro del mesenterio. Conclusión. El teratoma mesentérico es una entidad clínica rara, que debe ser considerado como uno de los diagnósticos diferenciales de una masa abdominal con efecto compresivo. El diagnóstico se basa principalmente en el examen clínico y los hallazgos imagenológicos. La escisión quirúrgica temprana es el pilar del tratamiento; el abordaje laparoscópico o abierto depende de las características clínicas y la experiencia del cirujano.


Background. Teratomas are neoplasms that arise from pluripotent germ cells, derived from two or more layers of germ cells. They are classified as mature tumors (cystic or solid), which contain well-differentiated tissues, or as immature tumors, which contain immature and embryonic structures. Its most frequent location is the female and male gonads; the mesenteric location is rare and approximately 40 cases have been described in the world literature. Within the diagnostic and therapeutic approach, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are used to characterize the lesion, assess intra-abdominal extension and the relationship with other structures. The diagnosis must be confirmed by histopathological examination. Clinical case. A 56-year-old female patient with a history of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the left breast in remission. In follow-up studies, incidental abdominal tomography finding of an abdominopelvic lesion dependent on the mesentery at the level of the mesogastrium, smooth contours with fat-liquid level. Extension studies with negative tumor markers. Results. Due to high clinical and imaging suspicion of teratoma, the patient was taken to resection of the lesion. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of mature cystic teratoma of the mesentery. Conclusion. Mesenteric teratoma is a rare clinical entity and is considered one of the differential diagnoses of an abdominal mass with a compressive effect. Diagnosis is mainly based on clinical examination and imaging findings. Early surgical excision is the mainstay of treatment; laparoscopic or open approach depends on the clinical characteristics and the experience of the surgeon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Teratoma , Abdominal Neoplasms , Pathology , Embryonic Germ Cells , Mesentery
2.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 291-296, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518709

ABSTRACT

Los tumores de células germinales (TCGs) se forman a partir de células embrionarias y generalmente se presentan en pacientes de entre 11 y 30 años de edad. Los TCG pue-den presentarse como tumores extragonadales, siendo el mediastino anterior el sitio más común en el 50 a 70% de los casos. Presentamos a un paciente masculino de 21 años con un tumor sólido mediastinal de 17 x 15 cm que, de acuerdo a la tomografía de tórax (TC), ocupaba toda la cavidad torácica izquierda desplazando el corazón ha-cia la cavidad torácica derecha. El estudio patológico fue reportado por el patólogo co-mo un TCG.


Germ cell tumors (GCTs) are formed from embryonic cells and usually occur in patients between age 11 and 30 years. GCT can present as extra-gonadal tumors, with the an-terior mediastinum being the most common site in 50 to 70% of cases. We present a 21-year-old male patient with a solid mediastinal tumor of 17 x 15 cm that, according to the chest tomography (CT), it was occupying the entire left thoracic cavity moving the heart towards the right thoracic cavity. The pathological study was reported by the pathologist as a GCT tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Teratoma/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/surgery , Mediastinal Neoplasms/surgery , Biopsy , Tomography , Biomarkers, Tumor
3.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 838-845, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012293

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the survival outcomes between surveillance and adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage Ⅰ ovarian immature teratoma (IMT) underwent fertility-sparing surgery. Methods: Clinical and pathological records of patients with stage Ⅰ ovarian IMT between Jan. 2011 to Feb. 2023 were collected from Peking Union Medical College Hospital, except stage Ⅰa grade 1. The consultation of risks and benefits regarding adjuvant chemotherapy was conducted by gynecologic oncologists. A shared decision about surveillance or chemotherapy was made by physician and patients or their guardians. Patients who finally decided to undergo surveillance were included in the surveillance group (n=40), the others were included in the adjuvant chemotherapy group (n=63). Clinical characteristics, treatment and survival outcomes were analyzed and compared between two groups. Results: A total of 103 patients were included. The median age of initial diagnosis was 20 years old (range: 3-39 years old), and the median follow-up time was 31 months (range: 1-254 months). The age, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, pathological grade, surgical method, and preoperative and postoperative alpha-fetoprotein levels in the surveillance group and the adjuvant chemotherapy group were similar (all P>0.05). The surgical approach and maximum tumor diameter between two groups were significantly different (all P<0.05). Forty patients of the surveillance group were identified, only one patient with stage Ⅰa grade 2 IMT who underwent cystectomy had malignant recurrence on the same ovary. Another 63 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery, five patients had malignant recurrence, and two of them died of disease progression after relapsed. There were no significant differences in disease-free survival (DFS;20 vs 36 months) and overall survival (OS; 23 vs 39 months) between the surveillance group and the adjuvant chemotherapy group (follow-up time censored at 72 months; DFS: P=0.325, OS: P=0.278). Conclusions: There are no differences in survival outcomes between patients with stage Ⅰ ovarian IMT underwent adjuvant chemotherapy or not. Active surveillance might be safe and preferable in stage Ⅰ IMT patients underwent complete resection of tumor.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Prognosis , Watchful Waiting , Neoplasm Staging , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Teratoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies
4.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 33(3): [273-280], 2023.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531959

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El teratoma quístico maduro es un tipo de tumor derivado de las células germinales que aparece en pacientes en edad fértil. La edad más frecuente de aparición de este tipo de tumores es entre los 20 y40 años.Caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de una paciente adolescente de 18 años con masa abdominal gigante de crecimiento abrupto cuya presentación fue atípica dado el tamaño de esta, el cual se manifestó con dolor abdominal agudo.Tratamiento: Se realiza resección de la masa la cual confirma el diagnóstico histopatológico de teratoma quístico maduro.Conclusión: Este tipo de patologías rara vez se presentan con un crecimiento tan exagerado como el caso de la paciente en mención, y la resolución quirúrgica sigue siendo el gold estándar en cuanto al tratamiento.Palabras clave:DeCS: Teratoma, Células germinativas embrionarias, Adolescente, Neoplasias


Introduction: Mature cystic teratoma is a type of tumor derived from germ cells that appears in patients of childbearing age. The most common age at which this type of tumor appearsis 20 to40.Clinical case: The case of an 18-year-old adolescent patient with a giant abdominal mass of abrupt growth is presented, whose presentation was atypical given its size, which manifested with acute abdominal pain Treatment: Amass resection confirmedthehistopathological diagnosis of mature cystic ter-atoma.Conclusion: This type of pathology rarely presents with growth as exaggerated as in the case of the patient mentioned. Surgicalresolution continues to be the gold standard in terms of treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Teratoma , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Ovary
5.
Med. lab ; 27(3): 223-228, 2023. ilus, Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444231

ABSTRACT

El struma ovarii es un tumor bastante inusual, hallado en el 2,7 % de los teratomas de ovario. Su variedad quística es bastante rara, siendo su diagnóstico diferencial un cistoadenoma de ovario. Se caracteriza por presentar zona sólida con folículos tiroideos con coloide en su interior, y una zona quística tapizada por un epitelio plano a cuboidal, ambos con marcación para TTF1. Presentamos el caso clínico de una paciente que fue remitida a nuestro hospital por presentar una masa a la palpación vaginal. En imágenes se observa la presencia de una masa anexial derecha quística, por lo cual se le realizó una histerectomía radical con salpingooferectomía bilateral. Luego de estudios de patología y de inmunohistoquímica, se llegó a la conclusión que correspondía a un struma ovarii quístico


Struma ovarii is a rather unusual tumor, found in 2.7% of ovarian teratomas. Its cystic variety is quite rare, with its differential diagnosis being an ovarian cystadenoma. It is characterized by the presence of a solid area with thyroid follicles with colloid inside, and a cystic area lined by a flat to cuboidal epithelium, both with TTF1 marking. We describe the case report of a patient referred to our hospital for presenting a mass on vaginal examination. Imaging studies revealed the presence of a right adnexal cystic mass, for which she underwent a radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. After pathology and immunohistochemistry studies, it was concluded that it corresponded to a cystic struma ovarii


Subject(s)
Humans , Struma Ovarii , Ovary , Teratoma , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 678-682, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985757

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the morphology and immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of pseudostratified ependymal tubules in ovarian mature teratoma (MT). Methods: Five cases of ovarian MT with pseudostratified ependymal tubules were collected from Shenzhen Hospital(Futian) of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine and the Eighth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March 2019 to March 2022. In addition, 15 cases of ovarian MT with monolayer ependymal epithelium from Shenzhen Hospital (Futian) of Guangzhou University of Chinese medicine and seven cases of immature teratoma (IMT) from Hainan Provincial People's Hospital from March 2019 to March 2022 were collected as control. The morphologic characteristics and immunophenotypes of pseudostratified ependymal tubules, monolayer ependymal epithelium, and primitive neural epithelial tubules were observed and compared by H&E stain and IHC expression pattern of genes related to the differentiation status of neuroepithelium, namely SALL4, Glypican3, nestin, SOX2, Foxj1, and Ki-67. Results: Mean age of the five patients of ovarian MT with pseudostratified ependymal tubules was 26 years (range from 19 to 31 years). Two tumors were located in the left ovary and three in the right. All five cases were excised, and clinical follow-up was available (mean follow-up 1.5 years; range 0.5 to 3 years). No recurrence was noted in any cases. The pseudostratified ependymal tubules of ovarian MT, which were lined with columnar or oval epithelia up to 4-6 layers, were morphologically similar to the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT and different from monolayer ependymal epithelium of ovarian MT. By immunohistochemistry, SALL4 and Glypican3 were negative, Foxj1 was positive and Ki-67 index was lower in the pseudostratified ependymal tubules and the monolayer ependymal epithelium of ovarian MT. However, the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT showed variably expression of SALL4 and Glypican3, were negative for Foxj1 and high Ki-67 index. All the above three groups expressed nestin and SOX2. Conclusions: The pseudostratified ependymal tubules of ovarian MT, which have morphological similarities to the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT, are similar to the monolayer ependymal epithelia of the MT in immunophenotype. IHC assessment of Foxj1 and Ki-67 is helpful to differentiate the pseudostratified ependymal tubules of ovarian MT from the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Nestin , Ki-67 Antigen , Immunohistochemistry , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Teratoma/pathology
7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 923-928, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985497

ABSTRACT

To establish and identify induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from patients with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) with TREX1 gene 667G>A mutation, and obtain a specific induced pluripotent stem cell model for Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS-iPSCs). A 3-year-old male child with Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome was admitted to Zhongshan People's Hospital in December 2020. After obtaining the informed consent of the patient's family members, 5 ml peripheral blood samples from the patient were collected, and mononuclear cells were isolated. Then,the peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) were transduced with OCT3/4, SOX2, c-Myc and Klf4 by using Sendai virus, and PBMCs were reprogrammed into iPSCs. The pluripotency and differentiation ability of the cells were identified by cellular morphological analysis, real-time PCR, alkaline phosphatase staining (AP), immunofluorescence, teratoma formation experiments in mice. The results showed that the induced pluripotent stem cell line of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome was successfully constructed and showed typical embryonic stem-like morphology after stable passage, RT-PCR showed mRNA expression of stem cell markers, AP staining was positive, OCT4, SOX2, NANOG, SSEA4, TRA-1-81 and TRA-1-60 pluripotency marker proteins were strongly expressed. In vivo teratoma formation experiments showed that iPSCs differentiate into the ectoderm (neural tube like tissue), mesoderm (vascular wall tissue) and endoderm (glandular tissue). Karyotype analysis also confirmed that iPSCs still maintained the original karyotype (46, XY). In conclusion, induced pluripotent stem cell line for Aicardi-Goutières syndrome was successfully established using Sendai virus, which provided an important model platform for studying the pathogenesis of the disease and for drug screening.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Child, Preschool , Cell Differentiation , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/pathology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Teratoma/pathology
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): e43-e48, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353825

ABSTRACT

La encefalitis por anticuerpos contra el receptor N-metilD-aspartato es un proceso inmunomediado en el que autoanticuerpos se dirigen contra la subunidad GluN1 del receptor de glutamato del sistema nervioso central. Se caracteriza por la aparición aguda o subaguda de síntomas psiquiátricos, como confusión, pérdida de la memoria a corto plazo, cambios de conducta, catatonía, seguidos por manifestaciones neurológicas, tales como convulsiones, alteraciones del movimiento, disfunciones autonómicas, coma y depresión respiratoria. Es grave y potencialmente mortal. Su asociación con teratoma de ovario como síndrome paraneoplásico fue descrita en mujeres jóvenes. En la población pediátrica, es mucho menos frecuente y se reporta en comunicaciones de 1 o 2 pacientes y en series de pocos casos. Se presenta una paciente de 13 años con encefalitis paraneoplásica por anticuerpos contra el receptor N-metil-Daspartato, secundaria a un teratoma ovárico maduro.


The encephalitis due to antibodies against the N-methylD-aspartate receptor is a process immune-mediated in which antibodies are directed against the GluN1 subunit of the glutamate receptor in the central nervous system. It is characterized by an acute or subacute onset of psychiatric symptoms such as confusion, short-term memory loss, behavioral changes, catatonia followed by neurological manifestations such as seizures, movement disturbances, autonomic dysfunctions, coma, and respiratory depression. It is serious and life threatening. Its association with ovarian teratoma as a paraneoplastic syndrome was described in youngwomen. In the pediatric population it is much less frequent and is reported in publications of one or two patients and in series of few cases. We present a 13-year-old patient with encephalitis paraneoplastic due to antibodies against the N-methyl-Daspartate receptor, secondary to a mature ovarian teratoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ovarian Neoplasms/complications , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Teratoma/complications , Teratoma/diagnosis , Encephalitis , Autoantibodies , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
10.
Philippine Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 85-90, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964890

ABSTRACT

@#A 17‑year‑old nulligravid presented with labile mood, insomnia, and hyper‑productive speech for 2 days, which progressed to seizures. Cerebrospinal fluid was positive for anti‑N‑methyl‑d‑aspartate (NMDA) receptor antibodies. Despite immunotherapy and seizure prophylaxis, she had status epilepticus and rapid decrease in sensorium. She was placed on ventilatory support and was admitted in the intensive care unit. On the 44th hospital day, an incidental finding of an ovarian teratoma was seen on abdominal computed tomography scan. She underwent right salpingo‑oophorectomy, which revealed an immature teratoma. The absence of an intensive care admission and prompt surgery and immunotherapy are known predictors of good outcome in anti‑NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis, with improvement seen in 80% of patients. Because most ovarian teratomas are only diagnosed as an incidental finding, anti‑NMDAR encephalitis with a concurrent ovarian teratoma should be suspected in young females presenting with sudden‑onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, to provide the timely intervention necessary for a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Encephalitis , Immunotherapy , Seizures , Teratoma
11.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 32: 32407, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1418961

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os tumores ovarianos, raros na infância, apresentam maior incidência entre 8 e 9 anos, tendo pico aos 19 anos. A sintomatologia principal manifesta-se por dor abdominal, massa palpável, febre, constipação e mais raramente polaciúria e disúria. Os teratomas ovarianos maduros embora sejam neoplasias majoritariamente benignas, se malconduzidas, podem evoluir para emergências cirúrgicas. Objetivo: Analisar o teratoma ovariano maduro como possível etiologia de dor abdominal crônica em pacientes pediátricos. Relato de Caso: Criança, 2 anos e 9 meses, levada ao atendimento médico com relato de dor abdominal crônica, 3 meses de evolução, com períodos de agudização, de forte intensidade, associada à disúria e polaciúria conduzida como principal suspeita infecção do trato urinário (ITU). A partir da clínica compatível, associado a leucocitúrias, mesmo não havendo crescimento bacteriano nas culturas, devido à recorrência do quadro, seguiu-se a propedêutica adequada de investigação de ITU de repetição, através do rastreio de má formações das vias urinárias. O ultrassom abdominal total com dinâmica do trato urinário constatou presença de volumosa formação expansiva originada provavelmente em ovário esquerdo. Estendida a pesquisa diagnóstica foi realizada tomografia computadorizada do abdome e pelve com achados sugestivos de teratoma ovariano esquerdo, exercendo comportamento expansivo local com desvio e compressão de estruturas anatômicas circunvizinhas. Com a hipótese diagnóstica evidenciada foi encaminhada à cirurgia pediátrica e oncologia para tratamento adequado, com realização de ooforectomia e seguimento clínico. Conclusão: Importância da propedêutica adequada para casos de dor abdominal crônica em pacientes pediátricos devido à extensão de possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais.


Introduction: Ovarian tumors, rare in childhood, have a higher incidence between 8 and 9 years, peaking at 19 years. The main symptomatology is manifested by abdominal pain, palpable mass, fever, constipation, and more rarely polaciuria and dysuria. Mature ovarian teratomas although they are mostly benign neoplasms, if poorly conducted, they can progress to surgical emergencies. Objective: To analyze mature ovarian teratoma as a possible etiology of chronic abdominal pain in pediatric patients. Case Report: Child, 2 years and 9 months, taken to medical care with report of chronic abdominal pain, three months of evolution, with periods of sharpness, of strong intensity, associated with dysuria and polaciuria and primary suspected urinary tract infection (UTI). From the compatible clinic, associated with leukocytes, though there is no bacterial growth in the cultures, due to the recurrence of the condition, appropriate propaedeutic investigation of repeat UTI was followed by screening for urinary pathway malformations. Total abdominal ultrasound with urinary tract dynamics was requested, which that found the presence of a large expansive formation probably originating in the left ovary. Extended diagnostic research, the computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis was performed with findings suggestive of left ovarian teratoma exerting local expansive behavior with deviation and compression of surrounding anatomical structures. With the diagnostic hypothesis evidenced, she was referred to pediatric surgery and oncology for appropriate treatment with oophorectomy and clinical follow-up. Conclusion: Importance of adequate propaedeutics for cases of chronic abdominal pain in pediatric patients due to the extent of possible differential diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Teratoma/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/complications , Teratoma/complications , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Ultrasonography , Chronic Pain/etiology
12.
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021347, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355724

ABSTRACT

Fetus in fetu (FIF) is a rare entity in which a malformed vertebrate fetus is incorporated within its twin. This entity should be differentiated from a teratoma, which has more malignant potential. We describe a neonate with a heterogeneous calcified suprarenal mass. The aspiration cytology revealed a heterogeneous cell population with spindle cells and small round blue cells. Operative and histopathologic examination showed features consistent with a fetus in fetu. This case report describes a rare entity and discusses its clinical presentation, cytological features on fine-needle aspiration, and the difficulties posed in its differentiation from a teratoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Teratoma/complications , Adrenal Glands , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Fetus/abnormalities , Congenital Abnormalities/pathology
13.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc302, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411394

ABSTRACT

Tumores cardíacos (TC) em crianças são lesões muito raras, mas seu diagnóstico é fundamental para a conduta adotada para o paciente. A ecocardiografia é a modalidade de imagem cardiovascular mais utilizada na prática clínica para o diagnóstico inicial de TC em pacientes pediátricos. Conhecer as características ecocardiográficas das TCs pode possibilitar um diagnóstico cada vez mais precoce e a identificação de sua etiologia mais provável. Os TCs primários e benignos são os mais frequentes na população pediátrica. Entre os TCs benignos, os mais frequentes em fetos e neonatos são rabdomiomas e teratomas. Em crianças e adolescentes, rabdomiomas e fibromas são os mais comuns. Neste artigo, descrevemos as características ecocardiográficas dos principais TCs em idades pediátricas.(AU)


Cardiac tumors (CTs) in children are very rare, but their diagnosis is crucial for patient management. Echocardiography is the most commonly used cardiovascular imaging modality in clinical practice for the initial diagnosis of CTs in pediatric patients. Knowing the echocardiographic characteristics of CTs can enable an increasingly early diagnosis and the identification of its most likely etiology. Primary and benign CTs are the most frequent types in the pediatric population. Among benign CTs, the most frequent in fetuses and neonates are rhabdomyomas and teratomas. In children and adolescents, rhabdomyomas and fibromas are more common. Here we describe the echocardiographic characteristics of the most common CTs in pediatric patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Cardiac Imaging Techniques/methods , Heart Neoplasms/etiology , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Rhabdomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Teratoma/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibroma/diagnostic imaging , Myxoma/diagnosis
14.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(2): 194-197, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391751

ABSTRACT

Massas anexiais representam grande desafio diagnóstico, devido a seu caráter geralmente assintomático¹. Traz-se caso peculiar de paciente que evoluiu com sintomas exuberantes de rápida evolução, situação característica de cistoadenomas, tumores benignos de origem epitelial²,³. Realizada laparotomia, com achados macroscópicos que revelaram conteúdo mucinoso e presença de pelos e neovascularização em seu interior. O anatomopatológico confirmou o diagnóstico de cistoadenoma associado a teratoma ovariano, sendo assim considerado um tumor de colisão ovariana.


Adnexal masses represent a major diagnostic challenge due to its usually asymptomatic characteritcs¹. We present a peculiar case of a patient who evolved with exuberant symptoms of rapid evolution, characteristic of cystadenomas, benign tumors of epithelial origin²,³. Laparotomy was performed, with macroscopic findings that revealed mucinous content and the presence of hairs and neovascularization inside. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis of cystadenoma associated with ovarian teratoma, thus being considered an ovarian collision tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Teratoma/diagnosis , Pseudomyxoma Peritonei , Cystadenoma, Mucinous/diagnosis
15.
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences ; 32(5): 1043-1046, 5 September 2022. Figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398618

ABSTRACT

Mature colonic teratomas are rare tumors and no case, to the best of our knowledge, has been reported from the African continent. In addition, some pedunculated teratomas in the colon have been treated by endoscopic polypectomy and classified as primary teratoma of the colon. We report a case of a distinct intra sigmoid pedunculated teratoma originating from the retroperitoneum of a 4-year-old African girl and we highlight the potential for misclassification of primary origin of endoscopically removed polypoid teratomas in the colon. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old black African female child who presented with abdominal pain and hematochezia. On clinical assessment, she was found to be anaemic and to have a sigmoid colon mass. At surgery, there was a mobile mass within the lumen of sigmoid colon and the mass was fixed to the retroperitoneum by a stalk of tissue. Pathologist's review of the resected sigmoid segment showed a pedunculated intra-sigmoid mass with the stalk traversing the wall of the colon. The mass was histologically proven a mature solid teratoma. CONCLUSION: This, to the best of our knowledge, is the first report of intra sigmoid teratoma from the African continent. It highlights the potential for misclassification of endoscopically resected colonic teratomas


Subject(s)
Sigmoid Diseases , Teratoma , Cobra Cardiotoxin Proteins , Colon , Gastrointestinal Absorption
16.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20210675, 2022. ilus
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1375119

ABSTRACT

Teratomas rarely occur in domestic species, especially in cattle. These tumors originate in fetal life and are characterized by rapid growth, which justifies their frequent detection in young animals. This study reported a case of ovarian teratoma in a heifer. On physical examination, the main signs identified were apathy, abdominal distention and tension, empty rumen, and mushy diarrhea. During rectal palpation, a mass was identified in the pelvic region, which was suggestive of cysts on ultrasound examination. The animal underwent laparotomy, followed by euthanasia due to a poor prognosis. At necropsy, a 54 x 43 x 52 cm (length x width x thickness) tumor was observed in the right ovary with multiple cystic areas, in addition to masses associated with multiple adhesions of the intestinal loops and peritonitis. On histopathology, muscle, cartilage, bone, nervous and epithelial tissue, glands, hair with follicles, were identified in the affected ovary. There was mixed inflammation and foci of necrosis observed with a complete absence of ovarian architecture in both the ovaries. Infiltrations were identified in the lymph nodes and mesenteric vessels. Glandular ducts were seen from the serosa to the intestinal mucosa. A locally infiltrative and expansile ovarian teratoma was diagnosed accordingly. It is considered that this kind of tumor can induce abdominal distension and absence of estrus in previously healthy, non-pregnant heifers.


Os teratomas são tumores raros nas espécies domésticas, sobretudo em bovinos. Esses tumores são caracterizados por crescimento rápido e origem durante a vida fetal, o que justifica seu diagnóstico frequente em animais jovens. O presente trabalho relata um caso de teratoma ovariano em uma novilha. No exame físico, os principais sinais identificados foram apatia, distensão e tensão abdominal, rúmen vazio e diarreia pastosa. Durante a palpação retal, uma massa foi identificada na região pélvica. Ao exame ultrassonográfico, a massa era sugestiva de cistos. O animal foi submetido a laparotomia, seguido de eutanásia devido ao mau prognóstico. Na necropsia foi observado um tumor de 54 x 43 x 52 cm (comprimento x largura x espessura) no ovário direito com múltiplas áreas císticas, além de massas associadas à múltiplas aderências das alças intestinais e peritonite. Na histopatologia foram identificados no ovário acometido a presença de tecidos muscular, cartilaginoso, ósseo, nervoso e epitelial, com glândulas, pelos e folículos. Havia inflamação mista e focos de necrose com ausência completa de arquitetura ovariana em ambos os ovários. Infiltrações foram identificadas em linfonodos e vasos mesentéricos. Ductos glandulares foram vistos desde a serosa até mucosa intestinal. Diagnosticou-se um teratoma ovariano localmente infiltrativo e expansivo. Considera-se que este tumor pode induzir distensão abdominal e ausência de estro em novilhas previamente sadias e não gestantes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Ovarian Neoplasms/veterinary , Ovary/pathology , Teratoma/veterinary , Sprains and Strains/veterinary , Estrus/physiology
17.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 10(3): 324, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1425541

ABSTRACT

La creciente emergencia de las enfermedades infecciosas y el aumento del número de individuos que tienen afectada su competencia inmunológica se ha convertido en un reto. Por otro lado, considerando el género Aspergillus, como un agente etiológico de infección, causa importante de morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes inmunocomprometidos. Presentamos el caso de preescolar femenino de 3 años y 8meses con antecedente de teratoma maduro fetiforme, quien posterior a 6 meses de su exéresis, se realiza tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) de Tórax control evidenciándose bronquiectasias centrales con opacidades tubulares y saculares de distribución bronquial, con localización principalmente en lóbulo superior de hemitórax izquierdo, disminución del volumen pulmonar ipsilateral con incipiente desplazamiento del cardiomediastino a la izquierda y escaso derrame pleural izquierdo, examen físico sin alteraciones, por lo que ingresa con diagnóstico de enfermedad granulomatosa en estudio. Se realiza detección de antígeno galactomanano que reporta positivo en dos determinaciones por lo que se replantea el diagnóstico a Aspergilosis Pulmonar Invasiva, cumple tratamiento con voriconazol por 21 días, con mejoría significativa de las lesiones pulmonares en TAC de tórax, egresando con tratamiento con itraconazol a cumplir por 6 semanas. El inicio precoz del tratamiento constituye un factor pronóstico fundamental de la aspergilosis invasiva, siendo el voriconazol la primera línea(AU)


The growing emergence of infectious diseases and increasing the number of individuals that have affected their immune competence has be come a challenge. Furthermore, considering the genus Aspergillus, as an etiologic agent of infection, which causes significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. We present a case of a female preschool 3 years and 8 months with a history of matureteratoma fetiforme, who after 6 months of excision, compute dtomography (CT) scan control is performed where central bronchiectasis are evident with tubular opacities and saculares bronchial distribution, located mainly in the upper lobe of left chest, decreased left lung volume with incipient displacement of the heart and medistino left and low left pleural effusion, physical examination no alterations to income, so you enter with diagnosis of granulomatous disease study. antigen detection galactomannan reporting positive in two determinations so the diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis rethinks meets voriconazole for 21 days, with significant improvement of lunglesions in chest CT scan, graduating with itraconazole therapy is performed to meet for 6 weeks. The early initiation of treatmentis a fundamental prognostic factor of invasive aspergillosis, constituting the first line in voriconazole(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Pneumonia , Teratoma , Itraconazole , Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis , Pediatrics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Communicable Diseases , Morbidity , Mortality , Voriconazole , Hospitals
18.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(3): 504-512, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340198

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El riesgo de cáncer de ovario a lo largo de la vida de una mujer es menor de 2 %, y durante la vida reproductiva es de 0,01 %. La incidencia de cáncer de ovario durante el embarazo es de 1: 10 000 - 100 000 casos. La mayoría de las masas anexiales en la gestación son asintomáticas. El diagnóstico se realiza frecuentemente mediante un hallazgo casual en la ecografía obstétrica; se ha estimado una incidencia de 0,2 - 2 %, y de estas, 1 - 6 % son malignas. El carcinoma epidermoide desarrollado en un teratoma quístico maduro es una rara neoplasia que representa, aproximadamente, el 2 % de los tumores primarios del ovario. Se presenta una paciente con diagnóstico accidental de teratoma ovárico maduro con diferenciación de carcinoma epidermoide, durante la realización de una cesárea.


ABSTRACT The risk of ovarian cancer throughout a woman's life is less than 2%, and during reproductive life it is 0.01%. The incidence of ovarian cancer during pregnancy is 1: 10,000 - 100,000 cases. Most adnexal masses in pregnancy are asymptomatic. Diagnosis is frequently made by casual finding on obstetric ultrasound; an incidence of 0.2 - 2% has been estimated, and 1 - 6% of them are malignant. Squamous cell carcinoma developed in a mature cystic teratoma is a rare neoplasm that represents approximately 2% of primary ovarian tumors. We present a patient with an accidental diagnosis of mature ovarian teratoma with differentiation of squamous cell carcinoma, during a cesarean section.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic , Teratoma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
19.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(4): 403-409, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388665

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El teratoma del ovario es el tumor de células germinales más frecuente. Entre sus complicaciones se describen algunos síndromes paraneoplásicos, como la encefalitis por anticuerpos contra el receptor N-metil-D-aspartato (NMDA). CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 22 años sin antecedentes de importancia que consulta por cuadro clínico de 4 días de evolución caracterizado por síntomas psiquiátricos y un episodio convulsivo. Se considera un cuadro de meningoencefalitis y se indica manejo antibiótico de amplio espectro y antiviral. Ante el deterioro se sospecha una encefalitis autoinmunitaria, se identifica un tumor anexial en los estudios imagenológicos compatible con teratoma y se confirma el diagnóstico con el hallazgo de anticuerpos NMDA en el líquido cefalorraquídeo. A pesar de su resección y manejo sistémico, fallece a los 5 meses. DISCUSIÓN: La encefalitis autoinmunitaria asociada a un teratoma es inusual, pero es una complicación que debe sospecharse como diagnóstico de exclusión. La mayoría tienen un pronóstico favorable, aunque hasta una cuarta parte de los casos puede asociarse a daño irreversible en la corteza del hipocampo e incluso la muerte, principalmente cuando el diagnóstico y el tratamiento son tardíos. CONCLUSIONES: Este caso es un reto clínico que representa un vacío en la evidencia actual, puesto que no existe un estándar de manejo de los teratomas. Se propone que, una vez diagnosticado un teratoma, se realice una cistectomía ovárica. Son necesarios más estudios para validar esta recomendación.


INTRODUCTION: The ovarian teratoma is the most common cell germ tumor. Some paraneoplastic syndromes have been described, including the anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis as part of its complications. CASE REPORT: A 22 years old female patient with no important medical history, consults due to an acute psychotic disorder and a convulsion. A meningoencephalitis was considered and broad-spectrum antibiotics and antivirals were started. Faced with deterioration, an autoimmune encephalitis is considered as well. Imaging studies revealed an ovarian teratoma and diagnosis was confirmed with antibodies against NMDA receptor in cerebrospinal fluid. Despite its resection and systemic management, the patient dies after 5 months. DISCUSSION: The autoimmune encephalitis associated with an ovarian teratoma is rare, its a complication that must be suspected as an exclusion diagnosis and most have a favorable prognosis, however up to a quarter of cases can be associated with irreversible damage to the hippocampal cortex and even death, mainly when late diagnosis and treatment are made. CONCLUSIONS: This case is a clinical challenge, no evidence is available since there is no standard for teratoma management. It is proposed that once a teratoma is diagnosed, an ovarian cystectomy is performed. Further studies are necessary to validate this recommendation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/complications , Teratoma/complications , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/complications , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Paraneoplastic Syndromes , Teratoma/diagnostic imaging , Fatal Outcome , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/diagnostic imaging
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e499-e503, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292670

ABSTRACT

Gracias al avance de la tecnología, es posible realizar el diagnóstico prenatal de distintas malformaciones congénitas que ponen en riesgo la vida del recién nacido. Entre estas, el teratoma oral o epignathus es una forma poco frecuente de teratoma congénito entre los que se localizan en cabeza y cuello. Suelen ser benignos y abarcan el 4 % de los teratomas neonatales.A partir del desarrollo de la técnica de tratamiento intraparto extraútero (EXIT, por su sigla en inglés), que se implementó en los años 90 para mantener la circulación fetal hasta asegurar la vía aérea del recién nacido, se logra planificar una estrategia de manejo multidisciplinario que permite el abordaje correcto de estas patologías. Se presenta un caso de teratoma oral gigante en una paciente de sexo femenino de 35 semanas de gestación, en quien se aplicó la técnica EXIT, y su evolución posterior.


Thanks to technological advances, it has been possible to carry out the prenatal diagnosis of different life-threatening congenital malformations. Among these, oral teratoma, or epignathus, is a rare form of congenital teratoma within those located in the head and neck. They are generally benign and comprise 4 % of neonatal teratomas. From the development of the EXIT technique (ex utero intrapartum treatment), which has been implemented since the 90's to support fetal circulation until the newborn's airway is secured, it is possible to plan a multidisciplinary management strategy that enables the correct approach of these pathologies.We present a case of giant epignathus in a 35-week gestation female patient, whose airway was secured using the EXIT technique, and follow up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Teratoma , Airway Obstruction , Prenatal Diagnosis , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age
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