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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 20230301. 62 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1417551

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi coletar e comparar os dados de sobrevida após o reparo e substituição para restaurações com falhas em dentes decíduos e permanentes. As buscas foram realizadas em dez/2020 e atualizado em abr/2022 de forma sistemática nas bases de dados PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, OpenSigle e ProQuest. Dois revisores independentes calibrados (kappa=0,87) avaliados como critérios de inclusão: (1) estudos de reparo e substituição, (2) dados de sucesso, longevidade ou sobrevivência, (3) ensaios clínicos controlados aleatoriamente; e para os critérios de exclusão (1) perda para acompanhamento superior a 30%, (2) acompanhamento inferior a 12 meses, (3) dentes anteriores. A ferramenta RoB 2 foi utilizada para avaliar o risco de viés, enquanto que a certeza da evidência foi medida por meio da ferramenta GRADE. Foi identificado 4.070 publicações potencialmente relevantes, entretanto apenas três estudos apresentaram todos os critérios para elegibilidade e foram incluídos na análise qualitativa. Nenhum estudo reportou a taxa de sucesso das intervenções na dentição decídua. Foi coletado um tempo padrão de acompanhamento entre os estudos, e a taxa de sobrevivência agregada foi de 99% após três anos. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as abordagens e nenhuma heterogeneidade entre os estudos foi apontada. Todos os estudos incluídos apresentaram alto risco de viés, além de que a certeza da evidência para a medida do desfecho sucesso foi muito baixa. É importante ressaltar que devido à longevidade similar de ambas as técnicas, é fortemente recomendado realizar a técnica de reparo para restaurações que apresentam falha, uma vez que esta técnica está associada à odontologia de intervenção mínima. Mais estudos clínicos bem delineados são necessários para aumentar a certeza da evidência. Registro do RS: Esta revisão sistemática foi registrada na plataforma Prospero (CRD42021238063)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Time Factors , Bias , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970751

ABSTRACT

Fused teeth were a phenomena of teeth anomalies in shape, which can affect the dental teeth both in primary and permanent dentition. Fused teeth do not only cause problems on crowding of dentition, abnormal occlusion and aesthetic, but also increase risks of dental caries, endodontics diseases, periapical diseases and periodontal diseases. Fusion of deciduous teeth may lead to abnormality of subsequent permanent teeth. Treatment of fused teeth may require multidisciplinary approach in endodontics, periodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, prosthodontics and orthodontics. The aim of the present article is to review the etiology, classification, clinical manifestations and treatment of fused teeth in order to provide dental clinicians with a reference of clinical management for fused teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fused Teeth/therapy , Anodontia , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Caries/therapy , Esthetics, Dental
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981134

ABSTRACT

There is a high incidence of chronic periapical periodontitis of deciduous teeth, however, there is a low incidence of the apical cyst. This paper reports a 7-year-old child with deciduous periodontitis caused by chronic periapical periodontitis of deciduous teeth. Through literature review, the etiology, imaging characteristics, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment methods were discussed to provide the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cysts , Diagnosis, Differential , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Tooth, Deciduous
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of congenital deciduous teeth absence and its permanent teeth performance type by using panoramic radiographs.@*METHODS@#A total of 15 749 panora-mic radiographs of 3-6-year-old children with deciduous dentition were collected from January 2020 to December 2021. The incidence of congenital deciduous teeth absence was observed, and the abnormality of permanent teeth was recor-ded. SPSS 24.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of congenital deciduous teeth absence was 2.54% (400/15 749), which was found in 217 girls and 183 boys, and the difference between the genders was statistically significant (P=0.003). The absence of one and two deciduous teeth accounted for 99.75% (399/400) of the subjects. In addition, 92.63% (490/529) of mandibular deciduous lateral incisor was congenitally absent, 44.80% (237/529) of deciduous teeth was absent in the left jaw, and less than 55.20% (292/529) was absent in the right; the difference between them was statistically significant (P=0.017). The absence of 96.41% (510/529) deciduous teeth in the mandibular was significantly more than that of 3.59% (19/529) in the maxillary, and the difference between was statistically significant (P=0.000). Furthermore, 68.00% (272/400) and 32.00% (128/400) of deciduous teeth were absent in unilateral and bilateral, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.000). Four types of congenital deciduous teeth absence with permanent teeth were observed as follows: 1) 73.91% (391/529) of permanent teeth was absent; 2) 20.60% (109/529) of permanent teeth was not absent; 3) the number of fused permanent teeth accounted for 4.91% (26/529); 4) the number of supernumerary teeth was 0.57% (3/529).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the absence of congenital deciduous teeth is less common than that of permanent teeth, it affects deciduous and permanent teeth to some extent. Dentists should pay attention to trace and observe whether abnormalities are present in the permanent teeth and take timely measures to maintain children's oral health.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Supernumerary/epidemiology , Anodontia/etiology , Tooth Abnormalities/complications , Fused Teeth/epidemiology
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507018

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the presence of sequelae in primary teeth and their permanent successors, as well as associations between TDI and the presence of sequelae in both teeth. Material and Methods: In this 14-year retrospective study, 2.290 records were reviewed, 192 patients who suffered dental trauma in primary teeth were followed until the eruption of successor teeth were included. Descriptive, chi-square, and regression logistic with generalized estimating equations tests were performed (p<0.05). Results: 362 primary and successor teeth were followed. Sequelae were present in 71.8% of primary teeth and 25.7% of their successors. Teeth with complicated fracture (100%), extrusion (100%) and avulsion (100%) resulted in the largest amounts of sequelae in primary teeth and intrusion (61%) on their successors. Age was associated with sequelae in permanent teeth (p<0.01). Extrusion (OR 10.06; CI 2.12-47.63) and intrusion (OR 7.51; CI 2.73-20.70) had a higher risk to cause sequelae in primary and permanent teeth, respectively. Conclusion: The type of injury involved influenced the sequelae in traumatized teeth and their successors, and the age of the child influenced the presence of sequelae in permanent teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Radiography, Dental , Pediatric Dentistry/education , Tooth Injuries , Chi-Square Distribution , Medical Records
6.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220005, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507015

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the clinical and radiographic success rates of formocresol, BiodentineTM, and Endo Repair agents in primary molars after 12 months. Material and Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted on healthy children referred to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Kerman, Iran, in 2018. One hundred twenty children (human primary molar teeth) aged 3-9 years were selected and randomly divided into three interventions (with pulpotomy medicament agents), including formocresol, BiodentineTM, and Endo Repair. All pulpotomized teeth were restored using stainless steel crowns and evaluated clinically and radiographically during a 12-month follow-up. Fisher exact test was used to determine the association of categorical variables and the data were analysed with SPSS 25. Results: All the available teeth in formocresol and BiodentineTM groups obtained clinical success, whereas 62.5% of the Endo Repair group was successful in this regard. Radiographic success rates of the formocresol, BiodentineTM, and Endo Repair groups were 94.7%, 70%, and 28.1% after a 12-month follow-up, respectively. Moreover, pulp canal obliteration was observed in 26.3%, 25%, and 12.5% of the formocresol, BiodentineTM, and Endo Repair groups. Conclusion: This study reported a high rate of clinical success using both BiodentineTM and formocresol pulpotomy techniques. However, the radiographic success rate of formocresol was higher than that of BiodentineTM, and Endo Repair was not considered a suitable pulpotomy medicament agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulpotomy , Tooth, Deciduous , Formocresols/chemistry , Regenerative Endodontics , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Double-Blind Method
7.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210196, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448790

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the pulp vitality of deciduous molars before and after selective caries removal (SCR) or nonselective caries removal to hard dentin (NSCR) over one year, using oxygen saturation percentage (%SaO2). Material and Methods: Deciduous molars with deep occlusal/proximal-occlusal caries lesions were randomized to SCR (n=22) or NSCR groups (n=22). After the caries removal, the teeth were protected with calcium hydroxide cement and restored with composite resin (Filtek Z250). The pulp condition diagnosis was evaluated at baseline, immediately after caries removal, and follow-up (7 days, 1-, 6- and 12-months) by %SaO2. Pulp exposure and pulp necrosis were primary outcomes, and %SaO2 was secondary. Results: Intraoperative pulp exposure occurred in four teeth of the NSCR group (18.2%) and one tooth of the SCR group (4.5%) (p>0.05). Two cases of pulp necrosis occurred in the NSCR group (10%). No difference in %SaO2 pulp was observed in the inter-and intragroup comparison over time (p>0.05). Conclusion: Advantageously, the %SaO2 minimizes preoperatory pulp vitality diagnosis subjectivity before SCR/ NSCR treatments. Furthermore, the pilot study results suggest the pulp response of deciduous molars, when evaluated by clinical, radiographic, and pulp %SaO2 seems not to differ between teeth treated with SCR or NSCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Pulp Necrosis/therapy , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Molar , Oximetry/methods , Pilot Projects , Dental Pulp/injuries , Dental Pulp Test/methods , Oxygen Saturation
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210180, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448796

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To establish cephalometric norms in primary dentition among males and females using novel customized Comprehensive Cephalometric Growth (CCG) Analysis. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 67 subjects with a mean age of 5.5 yrs. Digital lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained using Planmeca Pro One. The digital images were then transferred to Nemoceph software. Craniofacial Growth (CCG) Analysis was configured in the software with five sub-groups. This sub-grouping was done such that related components were grouped together and comprehensively; it would provide an assessment of every component of the craniofacial region that could be affected either by treatment maneuver or growth process. The same was used for the cephalometric analysis and to determine the cephalometric norms in the primary dentition. Results: Certain linear measurements were higher among males when compared to females. However, most measurements remained similar among males and females during this age group. The CCG analysis provided a comprehensive knowledge of the craniofacial parameters during the growth process. Conclusion: The cephalometric norms during primary dentition thus established using Comprehensive Craniofacial Growth analysis would provide the data for early diagnosis and treatment planning in interceptive orthodontic treatment procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth, Deciduous/anatomy & histology , Anthropometry/instrumentation , Cephalometry/instrumentation , Dentofacial Deformities , Radiographic Image Enhancement/instrumentation , Early Diagnosis
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220025, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507028

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the types of restorative materials used for restorative treatment in primary teeth through a retrospective university-based study. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of all clinical records of children attended at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic at the School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto at the University of São Paulo in Brazil. Inclusion criteria were primary anterior and posterior teeth that received dental restorations for treatment of dental caries lesions, dental trauma or dental development defects from 2013 to 2018. Restoration repairs and interim restorations during this period were also recorded. Descriptive analyzes were performed to assess the distribution according to the type of restorative material used over the years. Results: A total of 5,236 restorative procedures were performed in primary teeth, including restoration repair and interim restorations. Of those, 69% were done in posterior teeth and 31% in anterior teeth. Sixty percent of the procedures performed during this period were made of composite resin and a lower percentage of glass ionomer cement (18%) followed by silver amalgam (1%). The number of interim restorations was smaller but proportional to those of composite resin over the years. Conclusion: A tendency to carry out restorative treatment of primary teeth with composite resin during the 6 years of follow-up was observed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Child Behavior/psychology , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Materials , Occupational Stress/psychology , Retrospective Studies , Composite Resins , Glass Ionomer Cements
10.
Yenagoa med. j. (Bayelsa) ; 5(1): 1-8, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1516474

ABSTRACT

Background: Generally, mothers are saddled with early childcare responsibilities. Therefore, their attitude, practice, and care toward events occurring in early childhood including teething are important. Objective: To evaluate the attitudes and treatment practices of mothers regarding teething, Materials and Methods: The study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey. A systematic random sampling technique was utilized in selecting the participants for this study. Socio-demographics, attitudes, and treatment practices of mothers regarding teething were obtained via an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire. IBM SPSS, Version 21.0. was used for data analysis. The level of significance was set at p= 0.05 Results: A total of 120 mothers participated in the study. The participants in the age group of 20-30 years were in the majority. A majority (86.7%; n=104) strongly agreed that mothers have a role to play in the management of teething. On the other hand, less than half (41.7%; n=50) strongly agreed that doctors have a role to play in the management of teething. Of the 103 mothers who practice self-medication, over 85% (85.4%; n=87) use teething syrup, 63.1% (n=65) sometimes use antibiotics, 80.6% (n=82) use analgesics, and 68.0% (n=70) always use herbal mixtures. The study further revealed a negative grade for attitude and a fair grade for practice Conclusion: Though the attitude level of mothers towards teething in this study was more negative, their treatment practices were nonetheless fair. We recommend educational programs that aim to improve the observed areas of negative attitudes and practices of the study population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Tooth, Deciduous , Data Analysis
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220017, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate whether the dimensions of cavitated dentin carious lesions on the occlusoproximal surfaces of primary teeth could predict the location of cement-enamel junction (CEJ). Material and Methods: Two hundred extracted primary molars were selected and digital images were obtained. The teeth were set in arch models for clinical measurement. The cervical-occlusal (CO) and buccal-lingual/palatal (BL/P) cavities' dimensions were obtained by digital (Image J) and clinical (periodontal millimeter probe) assessments. The cervical margin location was also determined. The thresholds (cut-off points) were determined by sensitivity, specificity and the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (Az) for the two methods. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to investigate the correlation between clinical and digital measurements. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between the dimensions and cervical margin location. Results: There was a strong correlation between methods for all measurements (CO: r=0.90, VL/P: r=0.95). Cavities with BL/P distance higher than 4.5 mm and CO dimension higher than 3.5 mm had a lower chance of presenting the cervical limit above the CEJ, irrespective of the measurement method. Conclusion: CO and VL/P dimensions could be used to predict the CEJ location and, ultimately, as a clinical parameter for restorative decision-making.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Dental Caries/complications , Dental Enamel/injuries , Dentin/injuries , Logistic Models , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dentistry, Operative , Correlation of Data
12.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 32(1): e2022183, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421408

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the difference in the number of primary teeth dental procedures performed within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: this was a descriptive ecological study, using secondary data from the SUS Outpatient Information System (SIA-SUS), from 2018 to 2021, in the state and in its seven health macro-regions; we calculated the relative and absolute frequencies and the percentage difference of the dental procedures performed. Results: 94,443 and 36,151 dental procedures were recorded before and during the pandemic, respectively, corresponding to a 61.7% reduction; relevant percentage reductions were found in restorative procedures, which reached 20% in the southern region of the state; an increase in the percentage of exodontic and endodontic procedures was found. Conclusion: the results suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic had negative repercussions on the performance of primary teeth dental procedures in Rio Grande do Sul.


Objetivo: analizar la diferencia en el número de procedimientos odontológicos en dentición temporal realizados en el Sistema Único de Salud del estado de Rio Grande do Sul, antes y durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: estudio ecológico descriptivo, utilizando datos secundarios del Sistema de Información Ambulatorio del SUS (SIA-SUS), de 2018 a 2021, en el estado y en las siete macrorregiones de salud. Se calcularon las frecuencias relativas, absolutas y la diferencia porcentual de los procedimientos odontológicos realizados. Resultados: se registraron 94.443 y 36.151 procedimientos odontológicos antes y durante la pandemia, respectivamente, lo que corresponde a una reducción del 61,7%. Se observaron reducciones porcentuales relevantes en los procedimientos restaurativos, que alcanzaron 20 puntos porcentuales en la región sur del estado. Se observó un aumento en el porcentaje de procedimientos de exodoncia y endodoncia. Conclusión: los resultados sugieren que la pandemia de COVID-19 tuvo repercusiones negativas en la realización de procedimientos odontológicos en dentición temporal en el estado.


Objetivo: analisar a diferença no número de procedimentos odontológicos na dentição decídua, realizados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, antes e durante a pandemia de covid-19. Métodos: estudo ecológico descritivo, utilizando-se dados secundários do Sistema de Informações Ambulatoriais do SUS (SIA/SUS), de 2018 a 2021, no estado e em suas sete macrorregiões de saúde; foram calculadas as frequências relativas e absolutas, e a diferença percentual dos procedimentos odontológicos realizados. Resultados: foram registrados 94.443 e 36.151 procedimentos odontológicos antes e durante a pandemia, respectivamente, correspondendo a uma redução de 61,7%; reduções percentuais relevantes foram observadas nos procedimentos restauradores, atingindo 20 pontos percentuais na região Sul do estado; observou-se aumento no percentual de procedimentos exodônticos e endodônticos. Conclusão: os resultados sugerem que a pandemia de covid-19 teve repercussões negativas sobre a realização dos procedimentos odontológicos na dentição decídua, no estado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Care/statistics & numerical data , Pediatric Dentistry , COVID-19/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Unified Health System , Brazil , Pediatric Dentistry/statistics & numerical data , Dental Health Services/statistics & numerical data
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220024, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529110

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify, through clinical and radiographic evaluations, the in vivo response of the dentin-pulpal complex of human primary teeth after pulpotomy with MTA and Biodentine™ in a follow-up period of 3, 6, and 12 months. Material and Methods: Thirty teeth were divided into MTA pulpotomy (n = 15) and Biodentine™ pulpotomy (n = 15) from children between 5 and 9 years of age, a randomized clinical trial with simple random sampling. The materials were inserted into the cavity after opening and removing the coronary pulp tissue. The cavity base consisted of glass ionomer cement and light-cured composite resin restoration. Clinical and radiographic analyses were performed after 3, 6, and 12 months. Statistical analysis by Fisher's exact test for dichotomous data at a 5% significance level was utilized. Results: Both materials caused color change after 12 months. However, MTA showed a higher percentage than Biodentine™ (p<0.0001). Pain was detected only with Biodentine™ at six months and mobility at 12 months (p=0.0013). Radiographically, after 12 months, periapical lesions, interradicular lesions, and internal resorption were evidenced in 13% of the cases for Biodentine™-treated teeth (p<0.0013). MTA induced pulp calcification in 13% of cases, unlike Biodentine™ (p<0.0013). Conclusion: BiodentineTM and MTA are suitable for clinical use in pulpotomy treatment, yet both materials lead to tooth discoloration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulpotomy/methods , Tooth, Deciduous/anatomy & histology , Tooth Discoloration , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry
14.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210244, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529121

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the COX2 gene (rs689466 and rs5275) and local and systemic signs and symptoms of teething. Material and Methods: Forty-four pairs of mothers-babies/toddlers were included. Erupted primary teeth were evaluated during clinical examination. Local and systemic signs and symptoms of teething were obtained from mothers' reporting via anamnesis. Samples of buccal cells were retrieved for DNA genotyping using real-time PCR. The T-test, Chi-square test, logistic regression, and haplotype analyses were applied. Results: Almost all mothers (95.5%) reported at least one local or systemic sign and symptom of teething. The most common was increased salivation (79.5%), diarrhea (72.3 %), and fever (70.5 %). The mean number of signs and symptoms per child was higher in boys than girls (mean = 5.1; SD= 1.5; p=0.008). Sleep disturbance (p=0.03) and loss of appetite (p=0.05) were more reported in boys. The rs689466 and rs5275 were not associated with signs and symptoms of teething (p>0.05). Conclusion: The single nucleotide polymorphisms in the COX2 gene (rs689466 and rs5275) were not associated with local and systemic signs and symptoms of teething.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Sleep Wake Disorders , Tooth, Deciduous/anatomy & histology , Tooth Eruption , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Mothers
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227095, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393297

ABSTRACT

Aim: To verify the validity of maternal reports on the number of deciduous teeth erupted in their children. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed with children enrolled in a Birth Cohort at the age of 12 months in the first stage and 24 months in the second stage. At both stages, children were clinically examined, and mothers reported the number of teeth of their children. Comparison between groups was performed using the Mann-Whitney non-paired Wilcoxon test. Level of agreement between two methods were estimated by the Observed Agreement, Weighted Kappa and Intraclass Correlation coefficients. Results: A total of 125 children were examined in the first stage, with mean number of reported teeth of 6.2. In the second stage, 149 children were examined, with mean number of reported teeth of 15.9. High level of agreement, kappa values and intraclass correlation coefficients were observed for both arches in both periods (p<0.001). Conclusions: Maternal report on the number of teeth erupted in children was reliable and valid. Thus, it seems to be a useful instrument for collecting data in population-based epidemiological studies targeting young children


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Eruption , Child Development , Pediatric Dentistry , Mothers
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(6): 1-9, nov. 3, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442450

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental anxiety is a source of problems in the dental treatment that can lead to dental avoidance. Objective: Determine and compare the factors associated with dental anxiety in Peruvian parents. Material and Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample consisted of children from 3 to 6 years old and their companions, who attended the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño in Lima, Peru. The Corah anxiety scale, the dental fear questionnaire and the Frankl scale were used to assess anxiety, parental dental fear, and children's collaboration. The following variables were also evaluated: negative dental experience, treated tooth and treatment of the children. Chi-square statistical tests, Mann-Whitney U and the binary logistic regression model were used. Results: The sample consisted of 325 children and their companions. An association was found between gender (OR = 2.456; 95% CI: 1.037 - 5.818), child collaboration (OR = 0.044; 95% CI: 0.044 - 0.543) and maternal anxiety (p<0.05). Furthermore, there was an association between dental fear (OR = 3.569; 95% CI: 1.136 - 11.218), child collaboration (OR = 0.023; 95% CI: 0.003 - 0.172) and paternal anxiety (p<0.05). Conclusion: The factor associated with maternal dental anxiety was the sex of the child, and on the father's side, it was the dental fear experienced by them. Moreover, the component affiliated with both parents was the child's collaboration.


Introducción: La ansiedad dental es una fuente de problemas en el tratamiento odontológico que puede conducir a la evitación dental. Objetivo: Determinar y comparar los factores asociados a la ansiedad dental en padres peruanos. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. La muestra estuvo compuesta por niños de 3 a 6 años de edad y sus acompañantes que asistieron al Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño en Lima, Perú. Se usó la escala de ansiedad de Corah, el cuestionario de miedos dentales y la escala de Frankl para evaluar ansiedad, miedo dental parental y colaboración de los niños respectivamente. También se evaluaron las siguientes variables: experiencia dental negativa, pieza dental tratada y tratamiento de los niños. Se utilizaron las pruebas estadísticas de Chi-cuadrado, U de Mann-Whitney y el modelo de regresión logística binaria. Resultados: La muestra estuvo conformada por 325 niños y sus acompañantes. Se encontró una asociación entre el sexo (OR =2.456; 95%IC: 1.037 ­ 5.818), colaboración del niño (OR=0.044; 95%IC: 0.044 ­ 0.543) y la ansiedad materna (p<0.05). Se encontró una asociación entre el miedo dental (OR= 3.569; 95% IC: 1.136 ­ 11.218), colaboración del niño (OR= 0.023; 95% IC: 0.003 ­ 0.172) y la ansiedad paterna (p<0.05). Conclusión: El factor asociado a la ansiedad dental materna fue el sexo del niño, y en el padre, fue el miedo dental experimentado por el mismo. El factor asociado a ambos padres fue la colaboración del niño.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Peru/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Rev. ADM ; 79(4): 204-208, jul.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395675

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la caries es una enfermedad compleja que afecta a cualquier edad. La prevalencia es mayor en la primera dentición, sobre todo en población con baja percepción económica. El fluoruro diamino de plata (FDP) al 38% ha sido utilizado como una alter- nativa de tratamiento para esta enfermedad. Funciona como una solución remineralizante y cariostática. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto remineralizante del FDP al 38% en dentina afectada por lesiones de caries en molares temporales. Material y métodos: estudio clínico, epidemiológico, descriptivo, longitudinal y experimental. Se llevó a cabo en molares de primera dentición de niños de tres a cinco años de edad. Los niños seleccionados tenían molares con lesiones cariosas dentinarias, Pitts las denomina D3. No se incluyeron niños con dientes que presentaron patologías pulpares irreversibles. La aplicación del FDP al 38% la efectuó un operador entrenado para esta finalidad. Se utilizaron los criterios de Nyvad para determinar el grado de dureza de la dentina y con ello deducir su remineraliza- ción. Se observó la permanencia de la remineralización efectuada por un periodo de cinco meses. Resultado y conclusión: el FDP es un compuesto eficaz en 91% de los casos en un periodo de cinco meses o más (AU)


Introduction: dental caries is a complex disease that affects any age. The prevalence is higher in primary dentition, especially in a population with low economic perception. 38% silver diamine fluoride (FDP) has been used as an alternative treatment for this disease. It works as a remineralizing and cariostatic solution. Objective: to evaluate the remineralizing effect of 38% FDP on dentin affected by dental caries, in temporary molars. Material and methods: clinical, epidemiological, descriptive, longitudinal and experimental study. It was carried out in temporary molars of children between three and five years of age. The selected children presented molars with dental carious lesions, Pitts calls them D3. Children with teeth that presented irreversible pulp pathologies were not included. The application of the FDP to 38% was carried out by an operator trained for this purpose. The Nyvad criteria were used to determine the degree of hardness of the dentin and thereby deduce its remineralization. The permanence of the remineralization carried out was observed for a period of five months. Result and conclusion: the FDP is an effective compound in 91% of the cases, in a period of five months or more (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Silver Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Caries , Fluorides/therapeutic use , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dentin/drug effects , Diamines/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 25-30, jul. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392550

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries dental es una enfermedad infecciosa y multifactorial, que co- mienza por una desmineralización del esmalte producida por la acción de ácidos generados por bacterias presentes en el biofilm dental. Estas lesiones se inician como manchas blancas (MB) y es el único estadio de la caries dental capaz de ser revertido mediante la aplicación profesional de agentes remineralizantes, por lo que es fundamental la detección y tratamiento temprano de las mismas. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de manchas blancas en la dentición temporaria de los niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del Hospital de Odontología Infantil (HOI) «Don Benito Quinquela Martín¼. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó una muestra de 94 niños con dentición temporaria, en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI, teniendo en cuenta los ingresos y reingresos, durante el período comprendido entre septiembre de 2019 y febrero de 2020. Resultados: La prevalencia de manchas blancas de un total de 94 niños evaluados fue del 55 %. De los pacientes que presentaron MB, el 59 % fue de sexo masculino y el 41 % de sexo femenino. La media de edad fue de 4.77 años. De los pacientes atendidos, 73 concurrieron por primera vez y 21 pacientes fueron reingresos. Conclusión: La prevalencia de manchas blancas en la muestra evaluada de niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI fue del 55 %. Este resultado sugiere la necesidad de continuar y potenciar la promoción de la salud bucal, no solo como herramienta estratégica para brindar conocimientos acerca de los beneficios de una correcta higiene oral y una dieta saludable, sino también como factor de prevención en cuanto a la aparición de lesiones de caries y posteriores consecuencias adversas (AU)


Introduction: Dental caries is an infectious and multifactorial disease that begins with the demineralization of the enamel produced by the action of acids generated by bacteria in the dental biofilm. These lesions start as white spots (WS), and it's the only stage of dental caries capable of being reverted by the professional application of remineralizing agents. Hence, its early detection and treatment are essential. Objective: To determine the prevalence of white spots in the temporary dentition of children treated at the Clinical and Orientation Service of "Don Benito Quinquela Martin" Children's Dentistry Hospital (CDH). Materials and methods: A sample of 94 children with temporary dentition was evaluated on admission and readmission at CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service between September 2019 and February 2020. Results: The prevalence of WS in 94 children evaluated was 55%: 59% of patients who presented WS were males, and 41% were females. The mean age was 4.77 years. Seventy-three patients seen attended for the first time, and the other 21 were readmissions. Conclusion: The prevalence of WS in children who attended CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service was relevant. This result indicates that we must continue and enhance oral health promotion as a strategy to give knowledge about good oral hygiene benefits, a healthy diet, and to prevent the appearance of caries lesions and subsequent consequences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous/pathology , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Service, Hospital , Tooth Remineralization , Fluorides, Topical , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tooth Demineralization/epidemiology
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220606. 73 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371265

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste ensaio clínico randomizado foi comparar a taxa de sobrevida das restaurações oclusais e oclusoproximais em molares decíduos usando duas versões de cimentos de ionômero de vidro: pó-líquido, manipulado manualmente (MAN) e encapsulado (ENC) após 24 meses. Crianças entre 3 e 10 anos de idade que apresentaram lesões de cárie em dentina nas superfícies oclusais e/ou oclusoproximais de molares decíduos foram selecionadas na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil. Elas foram alocadas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: M/M (Fuji IX®, GC Europa) ou ENC (Equia Fill®, GC Europa). A ocorrência de falha das restaurações foi avaliada por duas examinadoras calibradas e cegas e em relação aos grupos. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no software Stata 13 (StataCorp, EUA). A análise de Kaplan-Meier foi utilizada para ilustrar a sobrevida e o comportamento das restaurações ao longo dos 24 meses de acompanhamento enquanto a Regressão de Cox com fragilidade compartilhada foi realizada para avaliar a associação entre falha de restauração e variáveis independentes (=5%). Realizamos ainda a análise por intenção de tratar (ITT) considerando os 24 meses de acompanhamento. Um total de 323 restaurações foram realizadas em 145 crianças. A sobrevida para o grupo MAN foi de 58,2% e 60,1% para o grupo ENC, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa (p=0,738). As restaurações oclusoproximais tiveram menor taxa de sobrevida quando comparadas às oclusais (HR=3,83; p<0,001). A taxa de sobrevida nos molares decíduos não é influenciada pelas diferentes formas de apresentação do CIV Registro do ECR: Este ensaio clínico randomizado foi registrado no ClinicalTrials.Gov em 15/10/2014 sob protocolo (NCT 02274142).


Subject(s)
Tooth, Deciduous , Pediatric Dentistry , Glass Ionomer Cements
20.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516453

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar mediante análise macroscópica e ra-diográfica as alterações estruturais em tecidos dentários afetados pela hiperbilirrubinemia, normalmente constatada a partir do sinal clínico de icterícia e provoca o desenvolvi-mento de pigmentos intrínsecos esverdeados nas estruturas dentárias. Materiais e Métodos: a amostra foi composta por 31 dentes decíduos dividida em grupo controle (n= 7) e grupo experimental (n= 24). As análises macroscópicas foram efetuadas por meio de fotografias individuais padroniza-das e as radiográficas obtidas com aquisições de imagem a 9 mA, 70 kVp, distância de 8cm, exposição 0,4 segundos e com XDR Sensor®. As imagens foram convertidas pelo software XDR Brasil 3.1.6 e padronizadas pelo programa GIMP 2.10.22. Os dados da média simples do histograma foram analisados pelo teste T-Student e Mann-Whitney (p<0,05). Resultados: demonstraram a maior intensidade de pigmentação em região cervical da raiz, com diferença de densidade radiográfica estaticamente significante na porção radicular entre os grupos experimental e controle (p=0,043). Na análise da densidade radiográfica da estrutura radicular do grupo experimental houve diferença estatica-mente significante (p=0,016) entre os terços cervical e apical. Discussão: Os dados evidenciaram que dentes pigmentados pela hiperbilirrubinemia não possuem alterações na densidade mineral nos terços coronários. Conclusão: Dentes com pigmentação esverdeada bilirrubina possuem diferenças na densidade radiográfica so-mente na região radicular.


Aim: is to identify, through macroscopic and radio-graphic analysis, structural changes in dental tissues affected by hyperbilirubinemia, usually seen from the clinical sign of icterus and causes the development of intrinsic greenish pigments in dental structure. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 31 primary teeth divided into a control group (n=7) and an experimental group (n=24). Macroscopic analyzes were performed using standardized individual photographs and radiographic ones obtained by image acquisition at 9 mA, 70 kVp, 8cm distance, 0.4 seconds exposure and with XDR Sensor®. The images were converted by XDR Brasil 3.1.6 software and standardized by GIMP 2.10.22 software. The Histogram's simple mean data were analyzed by T-Student and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results: showed intensity of pigmentation in the cervical region of the root, with a statistically significant difference in the root portion between the experimental and control groups (p=0.043. In the analysis of radiographic density of the root structure of the experimental group, there was a statistically significant difference (p= 0.016) between the cervical and apical thirds. Discussion: The data showed that teeth pigmented by hyperbilirubinemia do not have changes in mineral density in the coronary thirds. Conclusion: Greenish pigments teeth have differences in radiographic density only in the root structure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Bilirubin , Pigmentation , Hyperbilirubinemia
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