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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-5, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354241

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of lesion sterilization and tissue repair in primary molar, with follow-up until the eruption of the permanent successor. A 6-year-old male patient came to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic at Faculdade Sao Leopoldo Mandic in Campinas-SP, with his mother, complaining of "caries in several teeth". On clinical examination, it was found that tooth 85 had a severe carious lesion with pulp involvement and fistula. Radiographically, radiolucency was observed in the furcation region. It was then decided to perform lesion sterilization and tissue repair of the tooth with CTZ paste. After 6 months of the procedure, the tooth was clinically and radiographically normal and after 3 years it was observed that tooth 85 was in complete root resorption. After extraction, the permanent successor erupted naturally without clinical or radiographic alterations. It can be concluded that the present clinical case demonstrated success in the use of CTZ paste in the lesion sterilization and tissue repair of primary molars, until the complete eruption of the permanent successor. (AU)


O objetivo desse estudo é relatar o caso clínico de esterilização da lesão e reparação de tecidos em molar decíduo com pasta CTZ, com acompanhamento até a erupção do pré-molar sucessor. Paciente do sexo masculino, 6 anos de idade, apresentou-se à Clínica de Odontopediatria da Faculdade São Leopoldo Mandic em Campinas-SP, acompanhado de sua mãe, queixando-se de "cárie em vários dentes". Ao exame clínico, verificou-se que o dente 85 apresentava lesão de cárie severa com envolvimento pulpar e fístula. Radiograficamente, observou-se radiolucidez na região de furca. Optou-se, então, por realizar a esterilização da lesão e reparação de tecidos do dente com pasta CTZ. Após 6 meses da realização do procedimento, o dente apresentava-se clinica e radiograficamente normal e após 3 anos observou-se que o elemento 85 estava em rizólise completa. Feita a extração, o permanente sucessor erupcionou naturalmente sem alterações clínicas ou radiográficas. Pode-se concluir que o presente caso clínico demonstrou sucesso do emprego da pasta CTZ na esterilização da lesão e reparação de tecidos de molar decíduo, até completa erupção do permanente sucessor. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pulpectomy , Tooth, Deciduous , Pediatric Dentistry , Endodontics
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-12, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363062

ABSTRACT

Objective: 1) To critically review the published literature on applications of dental stem cells in the regeneration of intraoral tissues. 2) To provide an evidence-based level on research regarding application of dental stem cells in intraoral tissues regeneration. Methodology: This systematic review is conducted as per the JBI guidelines and reported as per the PRISMA. An initial literature search of papers published between 2004 and 2018 yielded 421 manuscripts. Nineteen studies satisfied the inclusion / exclusion criteria and were included for qualitative synthesis. Studies were categorized as animal (11) and human (8) trials. Five independent reviewers critically assessed the included studies. Risk of bias was assessed using SYstematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation (SYRCLE) bias risk tool, robins-I tool for non-randomised clinical trial and Cochrane Collaboration's Tool for randomised clinical trial. Evidence levels were assessed based on JBI Criteria. Results: Animal trials mainly focused on periodontal regeneration. A high or unclear Risk of bias was more commonly found amongst animal studies. Laboratory, clinical and radiographic evaluation were used to assess the outcome. A total of Eight Human studies were conducted on a total samples size of 153 upon a wide age ranging from seven years to 60 years. Nearly 70% of the human studies used DPSC for regenerating alveolar bone defects. Conclusion: Appropriate well designed double-blind randomized clinical trials of longer duration are yet to be performed. Evidence for the included studies were 1C and 1D as per the JBI Criteria. Stem cell therapy demonstrated promising results in Periodontal tissue and alveolar bone regeneration. However, the number of studies to claim such a benefit are very limited (AU)


Objetivo: 1) Revisar criticamente a literatura publicada sobre aplicações de células-tronco dentárias na regeneração de tecidos intraorais. 2) Fornecer um nível baseado em evidências sobre pesquisas relacionadas à aplicação de células-tronco dentárias na regeneração de tecidos intraorais. Metodologia: Esta revisão sistemática é conduzida de acordo com as diretrizes do JBI e relatada de acordo com o PRISMA. Uma pesquisa bibliográfica inicial de artigos publicados entre 2004 e 2018 resultou em 421 manuscritos. Dezenove estudos satisfizeram os critérios de inclusão / exclusão e foram incluídos para síntese qualitativa. Os estudos foram categorizados como ensaios em animais (11) e humanos (8). Cinco revisores independentes avaliaram criticamente os estudos incluídos. O risco de viés foi avaliado usando a ferramenta de risco de viés do Centro de Revisão Sistemática para Experimentação com Animais de Laboratório (SYRCLE), a ferramenta robins-I para ensaios clínicos não randomizados e a Ferramenta da Colaboração Cochrane para ensaios clínicos randomizados. Os níveis de evidência foram avaliados com base nos critérios JBI. Resultados: Os ensaios em animais focaram principalmente na regeneração periodontal. Um risco alto ou pouco claro de viés foi mais comumente encontrado entre os estudos com animais. Avaliações laboratorial, clínica e radiográfica foram utilizadas para avaliar o resultado. Um total de oito estudos em humanos foram conduzidos em um tamanho total de amostras de 153 com ampla faixa etária, variando de sete a 60 anos. Quase 70% dos estudos em humanos usaram DPSC para regeneração de defeitos ósseos alveolares. Conclusão: Ensaios clínicos randomizados duplo-cegos apropriados e bem elaborados de maior duração ainda precisam ser realizados. As evidências para os estudos incluídos foram 1C e 1D de acordo com os critérios JBI. A terapia com células-tronco demonstrou resultados promissores na regeneração do tecido periodontal e do osso alveolar. No entanto, o número de estudos para reivindicar tal benefício é muito limitado (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Dental Pulp
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 32-38, set.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284132

ABSTRACT

A manutenção dos dentes decíduos na cavidade bucal até o período de sua esfoliação fisiológica é de extrema importância. A terapia endodôntica é um tratamento indicado quando a saúde do tecido pulpar é comprometida e diversas técnicas e materiais podem ser empregados para realizar a obturação de canais radiculares. O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi comparar a qualidade do preenchimento dos canais radiculares utilizando diferentes técnicas de obturação e pastas obturadoras em dentes decíduos bovinos submetidos à pulpectomia. Foram selecionados 30 incisivos decíduos bovinos, e preparados através da técnica manual com posterior obturação dos canais radiculares por meio de duas técnicas e três pastas obturadoras. Os dentes foram divididos em 6 grupos (n= 5/ grupo) da seguinte forma: GI ­ Técnica manual e pasta de Hidróxido de Cálcio PA espessada com Óxido de Zinco; GII ­ Técnica manual e pasta Guedes-Pinto Modificada; GIII ­ Técnica manual e pasta Feapex®; GIV ­ Técnica com auxílio da lentulo e pasta de Hidróxido de Cálcio PA espessada com Óxido de Zinco; GV ­ Técnica com auxílio da lentulo e pasta Guedes-Pinto Modificada; GVI ­ Técnica com auxílio da lentulo e pasta Feapex®. Foram realizadas as radiografias digitais para verificar a qualidade do preenchimento dos canais radiculares. Os resultados obtidos apresentaram diferenças significativas na qualidade do preenchimento dos canais radiculares entre os grupos de dentes decíduos bovinos obturados. Considerando os resultados obtidos e a metodologia empregada, pode-se concluir que existe diferença entre as técnicas de obturação e pastas obturadoras(AU)


Maintaining primary teeth in the oral cavity until the period of their physiological exfoliation is extremely important. An endodontic therapy is a treatment indicated when the health of the pulp tissue is compromised and several techniques and materials can be used to perform root canal filling. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the quality of root canal filling using different filling techniques and filling masses in primary bovine teeth implanted under pulpectomy. Thirty bovine primary incisors were selected and prepared using the manual technique with subsequente filling of the root canals using two techniques and three filling materials. The teeth were divided into 6 groups (n= 5 / group) as follows: GI - Technical Manual and Calcium Hydroxide Mass PA thickened with Zinc Oxide; GII - Manual technique and modified Guedes-Pinto pasta; GIII - Manual technique and Feapex® paste; GIV - Technique with the aid of lentulo and mass of Calcium Hydroxide PA thickened with Zinc Oxide; GV ­ Technique with the aid of lentulo and modified Guedes-Pinto mass; GVI - Technique with the aid of lentulo and Feapex® mass. Digital radiographs were taken to check the quality of the filling of the root canals. The resulting results dissipated in the quality of filling the root canals between the groups of primary bovine teeth filled. Know the results obtained and the methodology used, it can be concluded that there is a difference between filling techniques and filling masses(AU)


Subject(s)
Pulpectomy , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Tooth, Deciduous , Root Canal Therapy , Zinc Oxide , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Pulp Cavity
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 314-331, nov.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354416

ABSTRACT

La dentina se compone de un mineral de fosfato de calcio identificado como dahllita, que se dispone en pequeños cristales de hidroxiapatita carbonatada con dimensiones de 36 × 25 × 4 nm, y por una fase orgánica cuyo principal componente es el colágeno tipo 1 en 90%, que se orienta en forma de malla. Esta conformación corresponde a los dientes permanentes. Dentro de las estructuras, encontramos túbulos dentinarios que miden, aproximadamente, entre 0.5-1 µm de diámetro en la periferia y hasta 3-5 µm cerca de la pulpa. En el presente estudio, realizado en dentina de dientes temporales, el lumen de dichos túbulos es más grande cuando se encuentra cerca de la pulpa dental. Asimismo, se encontraron cambios elementales importantes de acuerdo con las diferentes profundidades en las que se observó, encontrando un aumento en el peso porcentual de carbono cuando se encuentra a mayor profundidad, lo que indica una composición orgánica mayor en la dentina pulpar. En estudios de dientes permanentes esta composición es disminuida y con mayor concentración en la dentina cercana a la unión amelodentinaria. En dentina de dientes temporales se encontraron diferencias en el recuento de túbulos dentinarios por mm2, comparado a la dentina de dientes permanentes, donde el número de túbulos no varía mucho (AU)


Dentin is composed of a calcium phosphate mineral identified as dahllite, which is arranged in small crystals of carbonated hydroxyapatite with dimensions of 36 × 25 × 4 nm, and by an organic phase whose main component is type l collagen in 90%, which is oriented in the form of a mesh. This conformation corresponds to permanent teeth. Within the structures, we find dentin tubules that measure approximately 0.5-1 µm in diameter at the periphery and up to 3-5 µm near the pulp. In the present study, carried out in dentin of primary teeth, the lumen of these tubules is larger when it is close to the dental pulp. Likewise, important elemental changes were found according to the different depths in which it was observed, finding an increase in the percentage weight of carbon when it is at a greater depth, indicating a greater organic composition in the pulp dentin. In studies of permanent teeth, this composition is decreased and with a higher concentration in the dentin near the amelodentinal junction. In dentin of primary teeth, differences were found in the count of dentin tubules per mm2, compared to dentin of permanent teeth, where the number of tubules did not vary much (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin/ultrastructure , Dentinogenesis , Phosphates , Phosphoric Acids , Acid Etching, Dental , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Calcium , Statistical Analysis , Collagen , Durapatite , Dentition, Permanent , Collagen Type I , Minerals
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(3): 1-15, set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1290801

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A maloclusão é considerada a segunda doença oral mais comum em crianças e jovens adultos. É importante saber identificar estas alterações de forma a permitir um adequado desenvolvimento da oclusão.O diagnóstico de um desenvolvimento anormal na dentição decídua é relevante para a prevenção e quando necessáriouma intervenção precoce. Objetivo:O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi avaliar a prevalênciade maloclusão em crianças com dentição decídua e relacionar com diferentes parâmetros.Metodologia:Observaram-se 300 crianças de ambos os sexos, com idades compreendidas entre os 3 e os 6 anos. A recolha de dados foi realizada a partir do exame clínico comkits de observação(espelho bucal básico descartável,sonda descartável, babador,luvas e sacos descartáveis), sob luz natural e na cadeira escolar, no Agrupamento de Escolas de Porto de Mós, Distrito Sanitário de Leiria. Analisaram-se as seguintes características: Tipo de arco de Baume, espaços primatas, diastemas, apinhamento, relação distal dos segundos molares decíduos, relação canina, sobremordida e sobressaliência, mordida anterior e posterior.Resultados:A prevalência de maloclusão registradafoi de 67,7%, verificando-se ser mais baixa aos seis anos, sem apresentar diferenças significativas em ambos os sexos. A sobressaliência foi a maloclusão mais prevalente (42,7%) nas crianças observadas, seguida da mordida aberta anterior (23,3%). Registrou-seumaelevada prevalência de maloclusão nas crianças com arco de Baume tipo II, sem diastemas ou espaços primatas, com apinhamento, degrau distal, classe II canina ou desvio da linha média para a direita.Conclusões:Verificou-se existir uma elevada prevalência de maloclusão nas crianças do agrupamento de escolas do Concelhode Porto de Mós, estando relacionada com diferentes parâmetros oclusais (AU).


Introduction:Malocclusion is considered a second mostcommon oral disease in children and young adults. It is important to know how to identify these changes in order to allow proper development of the occlusion.The diagnosis of anabnormal development in primary dentition is relevant for prevention and when necessary, early intervention.Objective:The aim of this cross sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion in children with deciduous dentition and relate this prevalence with sex, age and with different occlusal parameters.Methodology:300 children of both sexes, aged between 3 and 6 years were observed. Data collection was carried out from the clinical examination using observation kits, in schools, in the Group of schools of Porto de Mós, Health District of Leiria. The following characteristics were analyzed: Baume arc Type, spaces, diastemas, crowding, the deciduous second molars distal relation, canine relationship, Overbite and overjet, anterior and posterior bite.Results:The recorded prevalence of malocclusion was 67.7%, was lower at six years old, without any differences in both sexes. The overjet was the most prevalent malocclusion (42.7%) in the observed children. There was a high prevalence of malocclusion in children with type II Baume arch, without spaces or primate spaces, with distal step, canine class II or with the middle line shifted to the right.Conclusions:There there was a high prevalence of malocclusion in children of the schools in the municipality of Porto de Mós, and is related to the different occlusal parameters (AU).


Introducción: La maloclusión se considera la segunda enfermedad bucal más común en niños y adultos jóvenes. Es importanteidentificar estos cambios para llograr un adecuado desarrollo de la oclusión. El diagnóstico precoz deldesarrollo anormal en la dentición temporal es relevante para la prevención y cuando sea necesario una intervención temprana. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio transversal fue evaluar la prevalencia de maloclusión en niñoscon dentición temporal y relacionarla con diferentes parámetros. Metodología: Fueran observados 300 niños de ambos sexos, con edadesentre los 3 y los 6 años. La recogida de datos del examen clínico se realizó mediante kits de observación, en un entorno escolar, en el Grupo Escolar dePorto de Mós, Distrito Sanitariode Leiria. Se analizaron las siguientes características: tipo de arco de Baume, espaciosprimates, diastemas, apiñamientos, relación distal de los segundos molares deciduos, relación canina, sobremordida horizontal y vertical, mordida anterior y posterior. Resultados: La prevalencia de maloclusión registrada fue de 67,7%, la cual resultó ser menor a los seis años, sin mostrar diferencias significativas en ambos sexos. El overjet fue la maloclusión más prevalente (42,7%) en los niños observados, seguida de la mordida abierta anterior (23,3%). Hubo una alta prevalencia de maloclusión en niños con arco de Baume tipo II, sin diastemas ni espacios de primates, con apiñamiento, paso distal, canino clase II o desviación de la línea media hacia la derecha.Conclusiones: Se encontró que hayuna alta prevalencia de maloclusión en niños dela comunidad escolar del municipio de Porto de Mós, y que se relaciona,con diferentes parámetros oclusales (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Portugal/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Child , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Occlusion
7.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 229-234, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293367

ABSTRACT

La caries de la infancia temprana, al igual que otras formas de caries, se caracteriza por ser multifactorial, infecciosa y de rápida evolución. Puede presentarse como lesiones cavitadas o no cavitadas, se diagnostica principalmente en menores de seis años en la superficies de los dientes anterosuperiores, debido a que son los primeros órganos dentales en erupcionar y tienen mayor contacto con el estímulo cariogénico. En casos severos pueden llegar a ocasionar la pérdida de órganos dentales, influyendo en la salud general del paciente y repercutiendo en su autoestima y desarrollo psicosocial. Para devolver las características y funciones perdidas en ausencia de algún órgano dental, se recurre a sustituirlo mediante aparatología, mayormente en forma de un mantenedor de espacio funcional. Las necesidades estéticas individuales de cada caso generan diversas alternativas para adaptarnos a la situación del paciente (AU))


Early childhood caries, like other forms of caries, is characterized by being multifactorial, infectious, and rapidly evolving. It can present as cavitated or uncavitated lesions, it is mainly diagnosed in children under six years of age on the surfaces of the anterior superior teeth, because they are the first dental organs to erupt and have greater contact with the cariogenic stimulus. In severe cases they can cause the loss of dental organs, influencing the general health of the patient and impacting on their self-esteem and psychosocial development. In order to restore the lost features and functions in the absence of any dental organ, it is resorted to by means of appliances, mostly in the form of a functional space maintainer. The individual aesthetic needs of each case generate various alternatives to adapt to the patient's situation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Space Maintenance, Orthodontic/methods , Zirconium , Crowns , Dental Caries/therapy , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Mexico
8.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 13(1): e456, ene.-jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251723

ABSTRACT

Cuando Gregor Mendel descubrió las leyes de la herencia, la primera acogida fue la incomprensión. Más de treinta años después, la reacción fue dividida: algunos comenzaron a aplicar su enfoque hasta lograr gigantescos avances en los estudios genéticos durante toda la primera mitad del siglo XX, otros proclamaron a la genética como una pseudociencia. La cabeza visible de esta segunda tendencia fue el ingeniero agrónomo soviético Trofim Denísovich Lysenko (1898-1976), quien afirmaba que los seres vivos podían ser modificados únicamente por el ambiente, sin tener en cuenta su herencia genética. El gran perdedor de aquella polémica fue Lysenko, y con él, la ciencia soviética, y todo lo que ello pudo implicar para el desarrollo de la medicina y la agricultura de aquel gran país. A partir de 1952 los avances de la genética y la biología molecular han marchado a pasos agigantados, y nuestro país no se ha quedado atrás: las vacunas cubanas son resultado de la aplicación de la biotecnología al combate contra el horrendo flagelo de la Covid-19. Crucial en ese avance fue el éxito del proyecto del genoma humano, cuando se lograron descifrar 3200 millones de pares de bases de ADN que contienen unos 20,500 genes. Con la culminación del proyecto del genoma humano en 2003, y en concordancia con las ideas prevalecientes entre los biólogos de aquel momento, se anticipaba que los novedosos métodos genómicos permitirían encontrar las causas y sugerir el tratamiento para las enfermedades crónicas responsables de la mayor parte de la mortalidad entre los seres humanos. Como resultado, se impulsaron estudios de asociación a escala genómica (genome-wide association studies, GWAS). Sin embargo, los resultados de tales estudios fueron bastante modestos. Así, en gemelos se encontró que las bases genéticas comunes podían explicar solamente el 8 por ciento...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Exposome , Genetics , Molecular Biology
9.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3278, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289400

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la atención odontológica a niños es crucial seleccionar materiales restaurativos con buen rendimiento clínico y corto tiempo de aplicación, especialmente en pacientes con capacidad de atención limitada. Las resinas compuestas, con el mejoramiento de sus propiedades físicas y mecánicas, constituyen hoy uno de los materiales de mayor elección por el odontopediatra. Las resinas de relleno masivo son una alternativa atractiva para las restauraciones en el sector posterior. Objetivo: Comparar el grado de microfiltración marginal de resinas de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida en molares deciduos. Métodos: Estudio experimental, in vitro, en cuarenta molares deciduos; exodonciados por motivos terapéuticos, divididos en dos grupos. Grupo I: resina nanohíbrida con técnica incremental (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) y Grupo II: resina de relleno masivo con técnica monoincremental (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). Se realizó un proceso de termociclado manual de 500 ciclos, entre 5 ºC ± 2 ºC y 55 ºC ± 2 ºC. Las muestras fueron sumergidas en azul de metileno al 0,5 por ciento durante 24 horas a 37 ºC. Se analizaron con el microscopio estereoscópico de luz a 40X. Resultados: Todas las muestras presentaron microfiltración. Con el uso de resina nanohíbrida, el 25 presentó microfiltración leve; el 30 por ciento, moderada; y el 45 por ciento, severa. En el grupo de la resina de relleno masivo, el 30 por ciento presentó microfiltración leve; el 35 por ciento, moderada; y el 35 por ciento, severa. No se encontró diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p = 0,55). Conclusiones: Ambas resinas, de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida, presentaron similar microfiltración marginal in vitro, en molares deciduos; por lo que la técnica de relleno masivo, por su fácil y rápida aplicación en un solo tiempo, es una buena alternativa en la rehabilitación dental odontopediátrica(AU)


Introduction: In children's dental care it is crucial to select restorative materials of proven clinical quality and a short application period, particularly with patients of limited attention capacity. Due to their improved physical and mechanical properties, composite resins are currently one of the materials of choice for children's dental care. Bulk fill resins are an attractive alternative for posterior restorations. Objective: Compare the degree of marginal microleakage of bulk fill and nanohybrid resins in deciduous teeth. Methods: An experimental in vitro study was conducted of 40 deciduous teeth extracted for therapeutic reasons, which were divided into two groups. Group I: nanohybrid resin by incremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) and Group II: bulk fill resin by monoincremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). A manual 500-cycle thermocycling procedure was performed at 5ºC ± 2ºC to 55ºC ± 2ºC. The samples were soaked in 0.5 percent methylene blue at 37ºC for 24 hours and analyzed under a light stereo microscope at 40X. Results: Microleakage was present in all the samples. In the nanohybrid resin group, microleakage was mild in 25 percent, moderate in 30 percent and severe in 45 percent. In the bulk fill resin group, microleakage was mild in 30 percent, moderate in 35 percent and severe in 35 percent. No significant difference was found between the groups (p = 0.55). Conclusions: Both resins, bulk fill and nanohybrid, presented similar in vitro marginal microleakage in deciduous molars. The bulk fill technique is therefore a good alternative for children's dental rehabilitation, due to its easy and fast application in a single session(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Care/methods , Composite Resins/administration & dosage , Dental Materials/adverse effects
10.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-10, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284432

ABSTRACT

El orden y cronología del brote dentario temporal es una expresión del crecimiento del niño e influye en su posterior desarrollo dental y maxilofacial. Tener un conocimiento sobre la edad promedio de brote de cada diente es útil para establecer un diagnóstico, prevención y tratamiento de maloclusiones por lo cual el objetivo de esta investigación es caracterizar el patrón de brote de la dentición temporal en niños y niñas del municipio Cerro, La Habana, Cuba. Para ello se diseñó un estudio observacional descriptivo en 370 niños de ambos sexos entre 0 a 36 meses de edad, el estudio se desarrolló entre septiembre de 2017 a enero de 2020. Se estudiaron las variables: edad, sexo, diente, hemiarcada y cronología del brote dentario. Se realizaron distribuciones de frecuencia a todas las variables en estudio y se presentan los resultados en tablas estadísticas. Se utilizó la prueba t-Student para verificar las diferencias significativas. Los resultados principales obtenidos fueron que los dientes de maxilares brotaron antes que los mandibulares, a excepción de los incisivos centrales y el incisivo lateral inferior izquierdo. A pesar de que el brote dentario comenzó primero en individuos de sexo masculino en ambas arcadas (5,86 meses en el maxilar, ± 0,92; y en la mandíbula 4,92 meses ± 1,09), el período de tiempo de brote fue algo más rápido en el sexo femenino (19,83 meses en el maxilar y 21,64 meses en la mandíbula ) y los masculinos (20,26 meses y 22,16 meses), pero sin diferencias significativas (p<0,05). Se concluye que el patrón de brote fue similar al descrito en la literatura, excepto por discreto adelanto para los incisivos centrales y retraso en segundos molares temporales


The order and chronology of the temporary tooth eruption is an expression of the child's growth and influences his later dental development. Having knowledge about the average age of emergence of each tooth is useful to establish a diagnosis, prevention and treatment of malocclusions, for which the objective of this research is to characterize the pattern of emergence of primary dentition in children in Cerro district, Havana, Cuba. For this, a descriptive observational study was designed in 370 children of both sexes between 0 and 36 months of age, in said clinic during September / 2017 to January / 2020. The variables were studied: age, sex, tooth, hemiarcade and chronology of the dental outbreak. Frequency distributions were made to all the variables under study and the results are presented in statistical tables. The t-Student test was used to verify significant differences. The main results obtained were that the teeth of the maxillary arch erupted before those of the mandibular, except for the central incisors and the lower left lateral incisor. Although the fact that the dental flare began first in males in both arches (5,86 months in the maxilla, ± 0,92; and in the mandible 4,92 months ± 1,09), the time period of outbreak was somewhat faster in females (19,83 months in the maxilla and 21,64 months in the mandible) and males (20,26 months and 22,16 months), but without significant differences (p <0, 05). It is concluded that the eruption pattern was similar to that described in the literature, except for slight advancement for the central incisors and delay in second primary molars


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/growth & development , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Cuba , Dentition
11.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 667-671, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340653

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: the avulsion of primary teeth is a disturbing and unexpected event. Description: this report describes the clinical case of a three-year-old child who suffered an avulsion and replantation of the primary upper central incisors at the site of the injury. The guardians sought treatment for the child at the Federal University of Minas Gerais after the replantation. Four months later, the child suffered a new trauma and the replanted teeth presented advanced mobility, root resorption and fistula. The clinical conduct was extraction and rehabilitation with a fixed esthetic maintainer. Discussion: the literature describes two treatment options for avulsion of primary incisors: replantation and non-replantation. According to a recent systematic review, the difficulty in obtaining a consensus regarding the best clinical conduct is due, in part, to the scarcity of publications that present not only follow-ups with clinical success, but also with failures. The outcomes of replantation can be influenced by several factors. The time elapsed between replantation and splinting, and the new episode of trauma, negatively influenced the prognosis in the present case, leading to failure. Replantation of primary incisors is not yet evidence-based treatment. Therefore, this option must be chosen with caution and in ideal situations. It requires constant clinical and radiographic monitoring for evaluation of outcomes.


Resumo Introdução: a avulsão de dentes decíduos é um evento perturbador e inesperado. Descrição: o presente relato descreve o caso clínico de uma criança de três anos que sofreu avulsão e reimplante dos incisivos centrais superiores decíduos no local do acidente. Os responsáveis procuraram atendimento para a criança na Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais após reimplante. Quatro meses depois, a criança sofreu novo trauma e os dentes reimplantados apresentavam mobilidade avançada, reabsorção radicular e fístula. A conduta clínica foi extração e reabilitação com mantenedor estético fixo. Discussão: a literatura descreve duas opções de tratamento para avulsão de incisivos decíduos: o reimplante e o não reimplante. De acordo com revisão sistemática recente, a dificuldade de se obter um consenso sobre a melhor conduta clínica se deve, em parte, à escassez de publicações que apresentem não apenas acompanhamentos com sucesso clínico, mas também com falhas. O reimplante pode ser influenciado por vários fatores. O tempo decorrido entre o reimplante e a contenção, e o novo episódio de trauma, influenciaram negativamente o prognóstico do presente caso, levando ao insucesso. O reimplante de incisivos decí- duos ainda não é um tratamento baseado em evidências. Portanto, essa opção deve ser escolhida com cautela e em situações ideais. Requer monitoramento clínico e radiográfico para constante avaliação do desfecho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/surgery , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Avulsion/therapy , Tooth Replantation/adverse effects , Tooth Replantation/methods
12.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 3-8, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255177

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar clínicamente el comportamiento, el tiempo operatorio requerido, el costo y la dificultad de diferentes técnicas de restauración en piezas primarias, empleando ionómero vítreo fotoactivado (IVF) polvo/líquido, con y sin uso de acondicionamiento dentinario, y en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento. Materiales y métodos: El diseño de este estudio fue experimental y comparativo. Se realizaron, en 18 pacientes de 7±2 años, 33 restauraciones con IVF de una o más piezas primarias vitales con lesiones amelodentinarias en 1 o 2 superficies. Según su día de concurrencia a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños, se empleó: A) IVF polvo/líquido, con acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); B) IVF polvo/líquido, sin acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); y C) IVF en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento (Riva Light Cure). Las restauraciones fueron evaluadas clínicamente al inicio y a los 12 meses según los siguientes criterios: pérdida total, pérdida total con caries, requerimiento de reemplazo por pérdida parcial, requerimiento de reemplazo por caries, aceptable con deterioro, en condiciones. El grado de dificultad se analizó utilizando una planilla diseñada para tal fin. El tiempo operatorio requerido se midió sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. Resultados: El tiempo operatorio requerido fue de 2 minutos, 15 segundos en A; 1 minuto, 25 segundos en B; y 1 minuto, 10 segundos en C, sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. El costo fue 61,11% mayor para C. La dificultad fue de 3,2±0,6 para A y B, y de 1,5±0,7 para C (ANOVA; P<0,001). El comportamiento clínico no registró diferencias significativas entre los grupos (Fisher; P=0,339). Conclusión: Los ionómeros de restauración fotoactivados encapsulados utilizados en este estudio presentaron menor dificultad de manipulación, mayor costo y similar comportamiento clínico a un año que las presentaciones polvo-líquido, con o sin uso de acondicionamiento previo en piezas primarias (AU)


Aim: To assess the clinical performance, operative time required, cost and technical difficulties of different restorative techniques in primary teeth, using light cured glass ionomers (LCG), powder/liquid, with and without dentin conditioning and light cured glass ionomer in capsules with conditioning. Materials and methods: The design of this study was experimental and comparative. 33 restorations with LCG were performed in 18 patients, 7 ± 2-years-old, in one or more vital primary teeth with carious lesions involving one or more tooth surfaces. Patients were assigned to one of the three groups according to the day of the week in which they attended to the Pediatric Department of the Dental School: A) LCG powder/liquid, with conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); B) LCG powder/liquid without conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); and C) LCG in capsules with conditioning (Riva Light Cure). The restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline and after 12 months according to the following criteria: complete loss of the restoration, complete loss with caries, need of replacement because of partial loss, need of replacement because of caries, good condition with some wear and good condition. Technical difficulties were analyzed using a data sheet designed for that purpose. The operative time required was evaluated without considering the insertion time. Results: Time operative time required was 2 minutes 15 seconds in A, 1 minute 25 seconds in B and 1 minute 10 seconds in C. Cost was 61.11% higher for C. Difficulty was 3.2±0.6 for A and B and 1.5±0.7 for C (ANOVA; P<0.001). No significant differences were observed among the three groups in relation to the clinical performance (Fisher; P=0.339). Conclusions: In these 12 months, study in primary teeth, the light cured glass ionomers used dispensed in capsules showed to be the easiest to handle, had higher cost and similar clinical performance than the powder liquid presentations with and without dentin conditioner (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Care for Children/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Clinical Trial , Costs and Cost Analysis , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Time-to-Treatment
13.
São Paulo; s.n; 20210219. 122 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147702

ABSTRACT

Os distúrbios que ocorrem durante a formação do esmalte de dentes decíduos que se apresentam como Defeitos do Desenvolvimento do Esmalte (DDE) possuem importante significado clínico, pois podem causar problemas estéticos, alteração na oclusão, sensibilidade dentária e podem atuar como fator predisponente à cárie dentária, bem como ser preditor da Hipomineralização Molar - Incisivo. Estas possíveis implicações clínicas podem impactar negativamente na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal (QVRSB) das crianças com DDE. Os objetivos do presente estudo foram conhecer a prevalência e gravidade dos DDE em dentes decíduos, identificar os fatores etiológicos associados aos DDE e avaliar o impacto dos DDE na QVRSB. O estudo avaliou 336 crianças de 2 a 4 anos de idade do município de Santa Isabel, São Paulo durante a campanha nacional de vacinação. Para o diagnóstico dos DDE foi avaliada a extensão, localização, cor do defeito e o tipo de defeito, através do índice DDE modificado preconizado pela Federação Dentária Internacional. As mães ou cuidadores legais responderam a um questionário sobre variáveis sociodemográficas e condições pré, peri e pós-natal. Para avaliar o impacto dos DDE na QVRSB, foram coletados dados utilizando a versão brasileira do questionário ECOHIS. Foram realizadas análises descritivas, teste Kappa, teste qui-quadrado, teste de normalidade Kolgomorov Smirnov, teste Wilcoxon, análises não ajustadas e ajustadas de regressão de Poisson (? = 0.05). A prevalência de DDE foi 50,6%. As opacidades demarcadas (45,0%) e difusas (36,0%) de coloração branco/creme foram os defeitos mais frequentes. Molares foram os dentes mais afetados, e dentre as superfícies examinadas, as faces vestibulares foram as mais acometidas. Houve associação dos DDE com o consumo de álcool na gestação (RP 1.26; IC 95%=1.03- 1.55; p=0.022), hospitalização da criança no primeiro ano de vida por doenças infecciosas (RP=1.36; IC 95%=1.07-1.65; p=0.010) e cárie dentária (RP=1.31; IC 95%=1.03-1.65; p=0.022). Crianças que foram amamentadas por 12 meses tiveram menor risco de desenvolver DDE (RP=0.54; IC 95%=0.44-0.68; p=0.001). As opacidades de cor amarelo-marrons apresentaram maior chance de causarem impacto negativo nos domínios sintoma e limitação (p<0,05) e no domínio angústia dos pais (p<0,05). Pode-se concluir que os DDE apresentam alta prevalência e gravidade leve. Consumo de álcool durante a gravidez e hospitalização da criança por doenças infecciosas no primeiro ano de vida são fatores de risco para DDE na dentição decídua. A amamentação por um período de 12 meses é um fator de proteção ao desenvolvimento de DDE na dentição decídua. As opacidades demarcadas amarela-marrons causam impacto negativo na QVRSB de crianças de 2 a 4 anos conforme os relatos dos pais.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Tooth, Deciduous , Breast Feeding , Epidemiology
14.
Univ. salud ; 23(1): 71-75, ene.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1157011

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El trauma dentoalveolar es un tipo de afección muy común en niños, que en la mayoría de los casos involucra dientes, la porción alveolar del maxilar, la mandíbula y los tejidos blandos adyacentes. Pueden variar en cuanto a la extensión y gravedad llegando a afectar la funcionalidad e integridad de las estructuras orales, por lo que un diagnóstico correcto y tratamiento oportuno es necesario para evitar la generación de posibles secuelas en la dentición permanente. Objetivo: Reportar un caso de trauma dentoalveolar en un niño y su abordaje odontológico interdisciplinar. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 7 años de edad, sin antecedentes relevantes, asiste a consulta con su madre por presentar persistencia de un diente temporal en sector anterosuperior, asociado a trauma dentoalveolar ocurrido a los 18 meses de vida aproximadamente. Se realiza exodoncia del diente temporal y tratamiento ortopédico para orientar la erupción del diente permanente, manifestando evolución favorable. Conclusiones: El abordaje interdisciplinario para los casos de trauma dento-alveolar constituye una buena alternativa para una adecuada rehabilitación y disminuye posibles secuelas.


Abstract Introduction: Dentoalveolar trauma is a common type of condition in children, which mostly affects the teeth, alveolar segment of the maxilla, mandibula and adjacent soft tissues. It can vary in terms of extension and severity, affecting the functionality and integrity of the oral structures. Therefore, a correct diagnosis and a timely treatment are necessary to avoid future sequelae in the permanent dentition. Objective: To report a case of dentoalveolar trauma in a child and its interdisciplinary dental approach. Case presentation: A 7-year-old male child with no relevant history attends a consultation with his mother due to the persistence of a temporary tooth in the anterosuperior sector. It is associated with dentoalveolar trauma that occurred when he was 18 months old. Exodontia and orthopedic treatment were performed on the temporary tooth to guide the eruption of the permanent tooth, showing a favorable evolution afterwards. Conclusions: An interdisciplinary approach for cases of dentoalveolar trauma constitutes an appropriate alternative for successful rehabilitation and reduces possible sequelae.


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Tooth, Deciduous , Pediatric Dentistry , Tooth Injuries
15.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 840-848, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921886

ABSTRACT

Pulpal and periapical diseases are the most prevalent dental conditions damaging the oral health of children in China. In view of China's national condition, the level of diagnosis and treatment for pulpal and periapical diseases of deciduous teeth is uneven and clinically there are inconsistent standards on the selection of operation methods for the endodontic treatment in deciduous teeth. Targeting these problems, the Society of Pediatric Dentistry, Chinese Stomatological Association organized experts from several famous universities and hospitals in China to carry out a panel discussion. The results of domestic and overseas researches and diagnosis and treatment experiences on dental pulp disease and periapical disease of deciduous teeth were also referred to. The present guideline was finally developed for the reference of dental clinicians.


Subject(s)
Child , Dental Care , Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Humans , Periapical Diseases , Tooth, Deciduous
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200870, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250190

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bio-C Pulpecto (Bio-CP) was recently developed as the first bioceramic root filling material for primary teeth. Objective To evaluate the physicochemical properties of radiopacity, setting time, pH, cytocompatibility and potential of Bio-CP to induce mineralisation, compared with (1) Calen thickened with zinc oxide (Calen-ZO), and (2) zinc oxide and eugenol (ZOE). Methodology Physicochemical properties were evaluated according to ISO 6876. Saos-2 (human osteoblast-like cell line) exposed to extracts of the materials were subjected to assays of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium, neutral red, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralised nodule production. The results were analysed using one-way or two-way ANOVA and Tukey's or Bonferroni's post-tests (α=0.05). Results All the materials showed radiopacity higher than 3 mm Al. Bio-CP had lower pH than Calen-ZO, but higher pH than ZOE. Calen-ZO and Bio-CP did not set. The setting time for ZOE was 110 min. The cytocompatibility order was Calen-ZO > Bio-CP > ZOE (1:2, 1:4 dilutions) and Calen-ZO > Bio-CP = ZOE (1:12, 1:24 dilutions) and Calen-ZO = Bio-CP > ZOE (1:32 dilution). Bio-CP induced greater ALP activity at 7 days, and greater mineralised nodule production, compared to Calen-ZO (p<0.05). Conclusions Bio-CP showed adequate physicochemical properties, cytocompatibility and potential to induce mineralisation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dental Pulp Cavity , Osteoblasts , Root Canal Obturation , Tooth, Deciduous , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Biology
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e004, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132741

ABSTRACT

Abstract: There is a lack of evidence about the best approach for cavitated caries lesions with the possibility of pulpal involvement in primary teeth. Thus, the present authors aimed to verify the best treatment for deep caries lesions with or without pulp involvement in primary teeth. The search was conducted in MEDLINE/Pubmed and Web of Science databases until May 2020. Studies that compared techniques to manage deep caries lesions with at least 12 months of follow-up were included. The risk of bias was evaluated using the RoB tool. Network meta-analysis and pairwise meta-analyses were conducted considering the treatment clinical success as an outcome, according to the pulp health condition. From 491 potentially eligible studies, 9 were included. For deep caries lesions with pulp vitality, the Hall Technique presented the highest probability of success (78%). In the event of accidental pulp exposure, pulpectomy presented a 76% chance of providing the best clinical results. For pulp necrosis, no difference was observed between a pulpectomy and non-instrumented endodontic treatment (RR = 0.69; 95%CI: 0.21-2.33) Thus, it was concluded that the Hall Technique may be a better option for deep caries lesions with pulp vitality. In cases of accidental pulp exposure of vital teeth during caries removal, a pulpectomy may be considered the best option. However, there are insufficient studies to build up evidence about the best treatment option when irreversible pulpitis or pulp necrosis is present.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Caries/therapy , Pulpectomy , Dental Pulp , Network Meta-Analysis
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e038, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249363

ABSTRACT

Abstract: A randomized controlled parallel clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the association of 1.23% topical professional acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel with oral hygiene and dietary instructions on the arrest of active non-cavitated lesions in permanent, mixed, and temporary dentition in children between 3 and 12 years of age. Ninety-eight caries-active children were randomly divided into two groups: a fluoride gel group (n = 49) and a non-fluoridated gel group (n = 49). Each group received up to eight weekly applications of gel, weekly professional toothbrushing with oral hygiene instructions and dietary counselling. Caries lesions were assessed qualitatively through visual-tactile criteria performed in three stages: initial, intermediate, and final. Regression models were applied to identify risk indicators for caries control. Between-group comparison regarding the time taken to arrest the lesions was performed using Chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. Seventeen children did not receive the allocated intervention, and one was lost to follow-up (n = 80). There was no difference between the control and placebo groups regarding the time to the arrest of the lesion (p >.05). The treatments showed similar results without significant statistical difference (p = 0.33; 95%CI: 0.32-1.48). No adverse effects were observed. It can be concluded that no additional effect of the association of 1.23% APF gel with oral hygiene using fluoride dentifrice and dietary instructions on the arrest of active non-cavitated lesions could be established. We can also confirm the importance of toothbrushing frequency and, consequently, the visible plaque reduction in the control of caries activity. RBR-37V5S3


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Tooth, Deciduous , Toothbrushing , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e078, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278596

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to assess the discriminant validity of the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) at different thresholds, compared with the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Index (dmf) instrument, to discriminate caries risk factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted including children aged 2-5 years from preschools in Southern Brazil. Parents answered a questionnaire, and children were clinically examined using the CAST instrument and, in the following weeks, using the dmf index. Two caries thresholds were adopted for CAST: caries in dentin (CAST4-7/CAST2,4-8) and enamel caries (CAST3-7/CAST2-8). Poisson regression was used in the analysis (p < 0.05). A total of 200 children were included. The prevalence of caries was 47.0% with dmf, 42.5% with CAST4-7, and 77.5% with CAST3-7. When the outcome was caries prevalence, CAST4-7 discriminated between sexes, household crowding, and dental pain, and CAST3-7 discriminated age and family income, while the dmf was associated with dental pain. When experience of caries was the outcome, all the criteria discriminated between sexes, age, family income, household overcrowding, visible dental plaque, and dental pain, while dmf and CAST2-8 also discriminated maternal schooling. The CAST discriminated caries risk factors similar to the dmf index when caries experience was the outcome. When prevalence was considered, CAST was able to discriminate for more individual characteristics than dmf.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Crowding , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Brazil/epidemiology , DMF Index , Family Characteristics , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e044, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249379

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Qualitative approach about the implications that occur succeeding the premature loss teeth is still insufficient. This study aimed to understand the experience of early loss of deciduous teeth in children's lives, from the perspective of their caregivers. Qualitative case study included 52 caregivers of children from an outpatient service of a public university in the south of Brazil. Early loss of deciduous teeth to trauma or caries was identified through analysis of health records, and afterwards, semi-structured interviews were performed. Textual material was interpreted through the content analysis proposed by Bardin, supported by the ATLAS.ti software. The theoretical perspective of stigma was guided according to the principles of the phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, centred on the experience of early loss of deciduous teeth as a historic-cultural expression of a social group. According to caregivers, premature loss of deciduous teeth due to trauma or decay brings functional limitations with chewing and speaking, and impairments related to social interaction with other children. The repercussions of missing teeth were not limited to the child's image, but also brought changes in families' daily lives. However, when early tooth loss was due to extraction because of pain and suffering, caregivers perceived the loss as 'commonplace' in children's lives. The understanding of how children see themselves without teeth in their social world for their caregivers, which also includes their family and friends, determines how much experiencing tooth loss affects their lives. Besides, caregivers' perceptions related to early loss of deciduous teeth should be included in strategies of oral health promotion programs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Caregivers , Dental Caries , Tooth, Deciduous , Brazil , Oral Health
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