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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1002-1009, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the interaction between Tubulin beta 4B class IVb (TUBB4B) and Agtpbp1/cytosolic carboxypeptidase- like1 (CCP1) in mouse primary spermatocytes (GC-2 cells) and the role of TUBB4B in regulating the development of GC-2 cells.@*METHODS@#Lentiviral vectors were used to infect GC-2 cells to construct TUBB4B knockdown and negative control (NC-KD) cells. The stable cell lines with TUBB4B overexpression (Tubb4b-OE) and the negative control (NC-OE) cells were screened using purinomycin. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to verify successful cell modeling and explore the relationship between TUBB4B and CCP1 expressions in GC-2 cells. The effects of TUBB4B silencing and overexpression on the proliferation and cell cycle of GC-2 cells were evaluated using CCK8 assay and flow cytometry. The signaling pathway proteins showing significant changes in response to TUBB4B silencing or overexpression were identified using Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay and then labeled for verification at the cellular level.@*RESULTS@#Both TUBB4B silencing and overexpression in GC-2 cells caused consistent changes in the mRNA and protein expressions of CCP1 (P < 0.05). Similarly, TUBB4B expression also showed consistent changes at the mRNA and protein after CCP1 knockdown and restoration (P < 0.05). TUBB4B knockdown and overexpression had no significant effect on proliferation rate or cell cycle of GC-2 cells, but caused significant changes in the key proteins of the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway (p65 and p-p65) and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway (ErK1/2 and p-Erk1/2) (P < 0.05); CCP1 knockdown induced significant changes in PolyE expression in GC-2 cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TUBB4B and CCP1 interact via a mutual positive regulation mechanism in GC-2 cells. CCP-1 can deglutamize TUBB4B, and the latter is involved in the regulation of NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways in primary spermatocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Serine-Type D-Ala-D-Ala Carboxypeptidase/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spermatocytes , Tubulin/genetics
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 793-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Yizhi Tiaoshen (benefiting mental health and regulating the spirit) acupuncture on learning and memory function, and the expression of phosphorylated tubulin-associated unit (tau) protein in the hippocampus of Alzheimer's disease (AD) model rats, and explore the effect mechanism of this therapy on AD.@*METHODS@#A blank group and a sham-operation group were randomly selected from 60 male SD rats, 10 rats in each one. AD models were established in the rest 40 rats by the intraperitoneal injection of D-galactose and okadaic acid in the CA1 region of the bilateral hippocampus. Thirty successfully-replicated model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a western medication group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each one. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1), "Neiguan" (PC 6), "Shenmen" (HT 7), "Xuanzhong" (GB 39) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6); and the needles were retained for 10 min. Acupuncture was given once daily. One course of treatment was composed of 6 days, with the interval of 1 day; the completion of treatment included 4 courses. In the western medication group, donepezil hydrochloride solution (0.45 mg/kg) was administrated intragastrically, once daily; it took 7 days to accomplish one course of treatment and a completion of intervention was composed of 4 courses. Morris water maze (MWM) and novel object recognition test (NORT) were used to assess the learning and memory function of the rats. Using HE staining and Nissl staining, the morphological structure of the hippocampus was observed. With Western blot adopted, the protein expression of the tau, phosphorylated tau protein at Ser198 (p-tau Ser198), protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) in the hippocampus was detected.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistical differences in all of the indexes between the sham-operation group and the blank group. Compared with the sham-operation group, in the model group, the MWM escape latency was prolonged (P<0.05), the crossing frequency and the quadrant stay time in original platform were shortened (P<0.05), and the NORT discrimination index (DI) was reduced (P<0.05); the hippocampal cell numbers were declined and the cells arranged irregularly, the hippocampal neuronal structure was abnormal and the numbers of Nissl bodies decreased; the protein expression of p-tau Ser198 and GSK-3βwas increased (P<0.05) and that of PP2A decreased (P<0.05). When compared with the model group, in the western medication group and the acupuncture group, the MWM escape latency was shortened (P<0.05), the crossing frequency and the quadrant stay time in original platform were increased (P<0.05), and DI got higher (P<0.05); the hippocampal cell numbers were elevated and the cells arranged regularly, the damage of hippocampal neuronal structure was attenuated and the numbers of Nissl bodies were increased; the protein expression of p-tau Ser198 and GSK-3β was reduced (P<0.05) and that of PP2A was increased (P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the above indexes between the acupuncture group and the western medication group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture therapy of "benefiting mental health and regulating the spirit" could improve the learning and memory function and alleviate neuronal injure of AD model rats. The effect mechanism of this therapy may be related to the down-regulation of GSK-3β and the up-regulation of PP2A in the hippocampus, and then to inducing the inhibition of tau protein phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Tubulin , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , tau Proteins/genetics , Acupuncture Therapy , Hippocampus
3.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 233-239, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971439

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of isolation and culture of human adenoid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSCs) in vitro, and to observe the differentiation of aMSCs into olfactory sensory neurons. Methods: Adenoid tissues surgically removed from children with adenoid hypertrophy in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from September to November of 2020 were collected. The adenoid tissues were digested and isolated by trypsin and then cultured with adhesion method. The expressions of cell surface antigens CD45, CD73 and CD90 on aMSCs of P5 generation were tested by flow cytometry, and the ability of osteogenic and adipogenic induction were used to identify cell differentiation ability. Then, aMSCs were induced into differentiation by retinoic acid (RA), sonic hedgehog (SHH), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), RA+SHH, RA+bFGF, SHH+bFGF and RA+SHH+bFGF, respectively. The morphology of differentiated cells was observed under inverted microscope. The expression of β-tubulin 3, which was the specific marker of sensory neuron, the expressions of growth associated protein-43 (GAP43) and olfactory maker protein (OMP), which were the specific markers of olfactory sensory neuron, were detected by immunofluorescence antibody assay. The expression intensities were compared by Chi-square test of four-grid table data. Results: aMSCs were successively isolated and cultured from human adenoid tissues. P0 cells generation had good adhesion and proliferation performance. P2 cells were basically purified. P5 cells expressed CD73 and CD90 with the purity of 99.3% and 99.75% respectively, without CD45 expression. P5 cells had a good ability of osteogenic differentiation and adipogenic differentiation. Neuron-like morphology and expression of β-tubulin 3 were found in differentiated cells after induced by RA, SHH, or bFGF, respectively. An induction of expression of GAP43 was found in differentiated cells of bFGF+SHH group and RA+SHH+bFGF group, without expression of OMP of each group. The intensity of GAP43 expression of RA+SHH+bFGF group was stronger than that of bFGF+SHH group (χ2=17.48, P<0.005). Conclusions: aMSCs can be cultured from human adenoid tissues, with the stably passaged and good differentiation ability. As a new population of mesenchymal stem cells, aMSCs have the neuroregenerative properties and could differentiate into immature olfactory sensory neurons under the induction of RA+SHH+bFGF in vitro.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Hedgehog Proteins , Olfactory Receptor Neurons , Tubulin , Adenoids , Osteogenesis , Cell Differentiation
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 390-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of a patient with adolescent-onset hypomyelinated leukodystrophy with atrophy of basal ganglia and cerebellum (H-ABC).@*METHODS@#A patient who was diagnosed with H-ABC in March 2018 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University was selected as the study subject. Clinical data was collected. Peripheral venous blood samples of the patient and his parents were collected. The patient was subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 31-year-old male, had manifested with developmental retardation, cognitive decline and abnormal gait. WES revealed that he has harbored a heterozygous c.286G>A variant of the TUBB4A gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that neither of his parents has carried the same variant. Analysis with SIFT online software indicated the amino acid encoded by this variant is highly conserved among various species. This variant has been recorded by the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) with a low population frequency. The 3D structure constructed by PyMOL software showed that the variant has a harmful effect on the structure and function of the protein. According to the guidelines formulated by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was rated as likely pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.286G>A (p.Gly96Arg) variant of the TUBB4A gene probably underlay the hypomyelinating leukodystrophy with atrophy of basal ganglia and cerebellum in this patient. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of TUBB4A gene variants and enabled early definitive diagnosis of this disorder.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Basal Ganglia/pathology , Cerebellum , Atrophy/pathology , Mutation , Tubulin/genetics
5.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 198 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416405

ABSTRACT

Câncer é a denominação atribuída a um conjunto de doenças que são responsáveis pela segunda maior causa de morte no Brasil e no mundo. A quimioterapia figura entre uma das estratégias utilizadas para o tratamento e cura do câncer, sendo amplamente empregada em estratégias terapêuticas isoladas, ou em associação à radioterapia e cirurgia. A enzima histona desacetilase 6 (HDAC6) é responsável por desacetilar a cadeia lateral de N-acetillisinas em -tubulinas, desempanhando papel crítico na dinâmica do citoesqueleto celular, estando superexpressa em uma série de neoplasias. Neste sentido, na última década os receptores tirosina quinase (TQ) foram os principais alvos de fármacos aprovados para o tratamento do câncer e de doenças autoimunes e continuam atraindo a atenção de grupos de pesquisa dada a exorbitante diversidade do quinoma humano. É sabido que a monoterapia seja com inibidores de HDAC, seja com inibidores TQ, apresenta problemas de toxicidade, reações adversas, ineficácia, resistência e/ou recidiva. Diversos estudos relatam o desenvolvimento de inibidores duais de HDAC-TQ, almejando tanto a simplificação do tratamento, quanto sinergismo terapêutico e redução de efeitos adversos. Assim, o presente trabalho apresenta o planejamento, síntese e avaliação da citotoxicidade de inibidores duais, potencialmente seletivos para HDAC6 e receptores TQ. No total, 23 compostos foram sintetizados entre 2 a 4 etapas. Todos os compostos finais foram caracterizados por RMN (1H e 13C) e espectrometria de massas de alta resolução (HRMS). A citotoxicidade foi determinada pelo ensaio de MTT, em linhagens derivadas de tumores sólidos (HCT116 e MCF-7) e hematológicos (Jurkat e Namalwa). Os compostos apresentaram citotoxicidade em concentrações micro e nanomolares em todas as linhagens testadas, sendo que a linhagem MCF-7 foi a mais resistente à ação dos compostos, e as linhagens hematológicas foram as mais sensíveis. Os inibidores 4d-f foram os mais ativos na triagem por MTT, com IC50 iguais a 20, 30 e 50 nM, respectivamente, em células Jurkat. Estudos mecanísticos do efeito citotóxico indicaram que os compostos 4d-f exercem atividade de forma tempo-dependente, e majoritariamente por ação antiproliferativa, embora estímulos apoptóticos também tenham sido observados nos estudos. Simulações de ancoramento molecular (docking) e de relação entre as estruturas químicas dos compostos e suas respectivas atividades biológicas (REA) permitiram identificar padrões moleculares, propriedades físico-químicas e eletrônicas que potencialmente possuem relação com a atividade biológica dos compostos, permitindo futuras otimizações do arcabouço molecular desta série de compostos. Tomados em conjunto, os resultados deste trabalho revelam o potencial terapêutico de inibidores duais de HDAC6-TQ. Notadamente, os compostos apresentados aqui podem ser os primeiros potenciais inibidores duais de HDAC6-TQ a serem reportados na literatura


Cancer is the name of a series of diseases that are the second main cause of death in Brazil and worldwide. Chemotherapy is one of the main strategies to treat and cure cancer, and has been widely applied as a single therapeutic agent, and in association with radiotherapy and surgery. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) deacetylates N-acetyllysine side chains of tubulin, playing crucial role on cytoskeletal dynamics, and could be overexpressed in several cancers. Tyrosine kinase receptors (TK) have been the main targets of FDA-approved drugs through the last decade for both cancer and autoimmune diseases, and have been attracting special attention of research groups due to the exorbitant diversity of the human kinome. It is known that either HDAC or TK single therapy have toxicity issues, adverse effects, inefficacy, resistance and/or recidive. Therefore, many studies report the design of HDAC-TK dual inhibitors aiming simpler treatments, synergism of action and side effects reduction. Herein, the design, synthesis and cytotoxic evaluation of dual and selective HDAC6-TK inhibitors are presented. A total of 23 compounds were designed and synthesized through 2 to 4 steps. All final compounds were characterized by 1H/13C NMR and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The cytotoxicity of compounds was determined by MTT assay for both solid (HCT116 and MCF-7 cells) and hematological cancers (Jurkat and Namalwa cells). Compounds exhibited micro and nanomolar ranges of cytotoxicity for all cell lines tested. MCF-7 cells were the most resistant against the treatment, and hematological cells were more susceptible to the cytotoxic effect of the compounds. Compounds 4d-f were the most actives in the MTT screening against Jurkat cells (IC50 = 20, 30 and 50 nM, respectively). Mechanistic studies regarding the cytotoxic effects of 4d-f indicated that the compounds induced cell death in a time-dependent manner mainly via cytostatic activity even though apoptotic stimuli were observed also. Molecular docking and structure-activity relationships (SARs) allowed the identification of molecular patterns, and physicochemical and electronic properties that potentially modulate the biological activity of these compounds, allowing further optimizations of the molecular scaffold for these series of compounds. Taken together, the results of this study reveal the therapeutic potential of HDAC6-TK dual inhibitors. Noteworthy, the compounds reported herein could be the first HDAC6-TK dual inhibitors ever reported in literature


Subject(s)
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , Histone Deacetylase 6/antagonists & inhibitors , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Tubulin , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Drug Therapy/classification , Drug Therapy/instrumentation , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Carbon-13 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 354-359, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the the effects of leptin on the proliferation, differentiation and PTEN expression of rat retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) cultured under hypoxic condition.@*METHODS@#SD rat RPCs were cultured in normoxic conditions or exposed to hypoxia in the presence of 0, 0.3, 1.0, 3.0, 10, and 30 nmol/L leptin for 12, 48 and 72 h, and the cell viability was assessed using cell counting kit 8 (CCK 8) assay. The RPCs in primary culture were divided into control group, hypoxia group, and hypoxia+leptin group, and after 48 h of culture, the cell medium was replaced with differentiation medium and the cells were further cultured for 6 days. Immunofluorescence staining was employed to detect the cells positive for β-tubulin III and GFAP, and Western blotting was used to examine the expression of PTEN at 48 h of cell culture.@*RESULTS@#The first generation of RPCs showed suspended growth in the medium with abundant and bright cellular plasma and formed mulberry like cell spheres after 2 days of culture. Treatment with low-dose leptin (below 3.0 nmol/L) for 48 h obviously improved the viability of RPCs cultured in hypoxia, while at high concentrations (above 10 nmol/L), leptin significantly suppressed the cell viability (P < 0.05). The cells treated with 3.0 nmol/L leptin for 48 h showed the highest viability (P < 0.05). After treatment with 3.0 nmol/L leptin for 48 h, the cells with hypoxic exposure showed similar GFAP and β-tubulin Ⅲ positivity with the control cells (P>0.05), but exhibited an obvious down-regulation of PTEN protein expression compared with the control cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In rat RPCs with hypoxic exposure, treatment with low dose leptin can promote the cell proliferation and suppress cellular PTEN protein expression without causing significant effects on cell differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Hypoxia/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Leptin/pharmacology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retina/metabolism , Stem Cells/metabolism , Tubulin
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 323-326, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928714

ABSTRACT

Tubulin affects platelets count through the control of mitosis and the formation of pro-platelets during the maturation of megakaryoblast to platelets. Tubulin is involved in maintaining the integrity of platelet skeleton, and also participates in the change of platelet morphology during platelet activation. Some new anti-tumor drugs targeting cell mitosis are trying to reduce the effect on tubulin in order to reduce the side effect of drugs on platelet formation. In some patients with thrombocytopenia, the variation and polymorphism of the tubulin gene affect the structure of microtubule multimers, which leads to the decrease of platelet formation. This review summarized the latest progresses of tubulin in the regulation of megakaryopoiesis and thrombopoiesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Platelets , Megakaryocytes , Platelet Count , Thrombopoiesis , Tubulin
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 301-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with dysgenesis of corpus callosum and other brain malformations.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the fetus and its parents. Suspected pathogenic variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A novel de novo missense variant c.758T>A (p.L253Q) of the TUBB2B gene was identified, which was unreported previously. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics, the c.758T>A variant was predicted to be likely pathogenic. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that the leucine at position 253 was highly conserved among various species, and the c.758T>A variant may impact the formation of hydrogen bonds between Leu253 and Asp249 and Met257 residues, which in turn may affect the combination of GTP/GDP and function of the TUBB2B protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.758T>A variant of the TUBB2B gene probably underlay the fetal malformations in this Chinese family. Above discovery has enriched the spectrum of TUBB2B gene variants and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Brain , Fetus/abnormalities , Malformations of Cortical Development/genetics , Prenatal Diagnosis , Tubulin/genetics , Exome Sequencing
9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 161-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935768

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the intestinal time-dependent changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) mouse model constructed by intraperitoneal injection of paraquat (PQ) and to establish the brain-gut axis connection initially. Methods: In October 2019, 48 mice were randomly divided into treated group and control groups: treated 4-week (P-4) group, treated 6-week (P-6) group, treated 8-week (P-8) group, control 4-week (C-4) group, control 6-week (C-6) group, and control 8-week (C-8) group. The treated group was injected with 15 mg/kg PQ solution and the control group was injected with 0.9% saline (0.2 ml/20 g) by intraperitoneal injection twice a week. After the initial state (0 weeks) and the treatment at the end of 4, 6 and 8 weeks, the mood changes and motor functions of mice were assessed by neurobehavioral tests (open field test, pole climbing test, tail suspension test and elevated plus maze test) . And the number of fecal pellets for 1 h and water content were calculated to assess the functional status of the gastrointestinal tract. Western blotting experiments were performed to detect the expression levels of α-synuclein (α-syn) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the nigrostriatal region of the mouse brain, the tight junction markers zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and Occludin, the inflammatory markers of integrin αM subunit (CD11b) , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) , high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) , interleukin-1β (IL-1β) , and the neuronal markers βⅢ-tubulin and α-syn protein in the colon.Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expression levels of colonic tight junction proteins ZO-1 and Occludin. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the expression levels of TH in the substantia nigra region of the midbrain, and the co-localization of colonic intestine neuronal marker (βⅢ-tubulin) and Ser129 α-syn in the colonic. Results: Compared with the initial state (0 weeks) and C-8 group, mice in the P-8 group had significantly higher pole climbing test scores and resting time, and significantly lower total active distance, mean active speed, percentage of open arm entry and 1 h fecal instances (P<0.05) . After poisoning, the 1 h fecal water content of model mice first increased and then decreased, the P-4 and P-6 groups were significantly higher than the simultaneous point control group, and the P-8 groups were significantly lower than the initial state (P<0.05) . Compared with control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression levels of ZO-1 and Occludin in the P-8 group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Compared with control group, the expression levels of CD11b and IL-1β in the P-4 group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with control and P-4 group, the expression levels of CD11b, iNOS, HMGB1 and IL-1β in the P-6 and P-8 groups were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with the control and P-4 groups, the expression levels of βⅢ-tubulin in the colon of mice in the P-8 group were significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the colon of model mice was negatively correlated with the expression level of βⅢ-tubulin (r(s)=-0.9149, 95%CI: -0.9771--0.7085, P<0.001) . Ser129 α-syn and βⅢ-tubulin co-localization in the colonic intermuscular plexus region increased gradually with the time of exposure. Compared with the control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression level of TH in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased in the P-8 group (P<0.05) . Correlation analysis showed that the relative expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was negatively correlated with the expression level of TH in the model mice (r(s)=-0.9716, 95% CI: -0.9925--0.8953, P<0.001) . Conclusion: The PD mouse model is successfully established by PQ, and the intestinal function of the model mice is reduced in a time-dependent manner. And on this basis, it is preliminary determined that the abnormal aggregation of α-syn may be an important substance connecting the brain-gut axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Brain-Gut Axis , Disease Models, Animal , HMGB1 Protein , Intestines , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Occludin , Paraquat/toxicity , Parkinson Disease , Tubulin , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/metabolism , Water
10.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(1): 60-65, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090998

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Permanent hypoparathyroidism can be presented as part of genetic disorders such as Sanjad-Sakati syndrome (also known as hypoparathyroidism—intellectual disability-dysmorphism), which is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. Our aim was to confirm the diagnosis of a group of patients with dysmorphism, poor growth, and hypoparathyroidism clinically labeled as Sanjad-Sakati syndrome and to identify for the first time the genetic variations on Iranian patients with the same ethnic origin. Methods In this study, 29 cases from 23 unrelated Arab kindreds with permanent hypoparathyroidism and dysmorphism indicating Sanjad-Sakati syndrome were enrolled for 10 years in the southwest of Iran. The mutational analysis by direct sequencing of the tubulin folding cofactor E gene was performed for the patients and their families, as well as their fetuses using genomic DNA. Results Twenty-eight out of 29 cases had parental consanguinity. Twenty-seven cases presented with hypocalcemia seizure and two were referred because of poor weight gain and were found to have asymptomatic hypocalcemia. The dysmorphic features, hypocalcemia in the setting of low to normal parathyroid hormone levels and high phosphorus led to the diagnosis of these cases. Sequencing analysis of the tubulin folding cofactor E gene revealed a homozygous 12-bp deletion (c.155-166del) for all patients. Following that, prenatal diagnosis was performed for eight families, and two fetuses with a homozygous 12-bp deletion were identified. Conclusion These results make it much easier and faster to diagnose this syndrome from other similar dysmorphisms and also help to detect carriers, as well as prenatal diagnosis of Sanjad-Sakati syndrome in high-risk families in this population.


Resumo Objetivo O hipoparatireoidismo permanente pode estar presente como parte das doenças genéticas como na síndrome de Sanjad-Sakati (também chamada de síndrome de hipoparatireoidismo, retardo e dismorfismo), que é um distúrbio autossômico recessivo raro. Nosso objetivo foi confirmar o diagnóstico de um grupo de pacientes com dismorfismo, crescimento deficiente e hipoparatireoidismo clinicamente identificado como síndrome de Sanjad-Sakati e identificar as variações genéticas, pela primeira vez, em pacientes iranianos com a mesma origem étnica. Métodos Neste estudo, foram inscritos 29 casos de 23 famílias árabes sem parentesco com hipoparatireoidismo e dismorfismo indicando síndrome de Sanjad-Sakati, durante 10 anos no sudoeste do Irã. Foi feita a análise mutacional por sequenciamento direto do gene do cofator E de dobramento da tubulina dos pacientes e de suas famílias e também de seus fetos com o DNA genômico. Resultados Apresentaram consanguinidade parental 28 dos 29 casos. Desses, 27 casos apresentaram convulsão por hipocalcemia e dois foram encaminhados devido ao baixo ganho de peso, considerando diagnóstico de hipocalcemia assintomática. As características dismórficas, hipocalcemia na configuração de níveis de hormônio da paratireoide baixos a normais e alto nível de fósforo levaram ao diagnóstico dos casos. A análise de sequenciamento do gene do cofator E de dobramento da tubulina revelou deleção homozigótica de 12 pares de base (pb) (c.155-166del) em todos os pacientes. Após isso, foi feito o diagnóstico pré-natal em oito famílias e dois fetos foram identificados com deleção homozigótica de 12 pb. Conclusão Esses resultados tornam o diagnóstico dessa síndrome muito mais fácil e rápido do que outros dismorfismos semelhantes e também ajudam a detectar portadores, bem como o diagnóstico pré-natal da síndrome de Sanjad-Sakati em famílias de alto risco nessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteochondrodysplasias , Seizures , Abnormalities, Multiple , Growth Disorders , Hypoparathyroidism , Intellectual Disability , Tubulin , Molecular Chaperones , Iran
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190155, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092219

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Benzimidazoles are commonly used for the control of veterinary nematodes. Resistance to benzimidazoles has been associated with three single nucleotide polymorphisms in the β-tubulin gene of common nematodes. However, these mutations are infrequent in the genus Ascaris spp. METHODS: In order to determine mutations associated with benzimidazole resistance in Ascaris suum, worms were collected from slaughtered pigs and a partial region of the β-tubulin gene was sequenced. RESULTS: All parasites showed the wildtype genotype for codons 167, 198, and 200 of the β-tubulin gene. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of genetic sequences associated with benzimidazole resistance in A. suum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzimidazoles/pharmacology , Drug Resistance/genetics , Ascaris suum/drug effects , Ascaris suum/genetics , Mutation , Swine , Tubulin/pharmacology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype
12.
Con-ciencia (La Paz) ; 7(1): 57-66, abr. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178662

ABSTRACT

La Giardiasis ocasionada por Giardia intestinalis (conocida como Giardia lamblia), es una de las infecciones parasíticas más comunes en todo el mundo y con mayor prevalencia en países en desarrollo como el nuestro. Existen muchas drogas para el tratamiento de la giardiasis, de diferente eficacia y efectos adversos como la curcumina que inhibe la polimerización de los microtubulos por un mecanismo distinto al de la colchicina. Sin embargo, la estructura cristalográfica de la Tubulina de G. lamblia (cadenas α y ß) permanece desconocida. El análisis de alineamiento de secuencias (PBLAST) indica una identidad del 86,98 y 88,32 % entre las cadenas α y ß de la Tubulina de G. lamblia y B. taurus (PDB:5NQT). El Modelamiento por Homología de la estructura proteica de la Tubulina de G. lamblia utilizando como molde a la Tubulina de B. taurus mediante el servidor SWISS-MODEL, generó una estructura proteica con los siguientes parámetros: z-core = -1,16 y -1,41, QMEANscore6 = 0,71 y 0,70, % de confiabilidad (de los diagramas de Ramachandran) = 96,08 y 96,95 %, RMS (Root Mean Square) = 0,081 y MOLPROBITYscore = 1,26. Estos parámetros indican que la estructura proteica de la Tubulina de G. lamblia obtenida a partir del Modelamiento por Homología es de buena calidad, por tanto, esta estructura podría ser utilizada en futuras evaluaciones, como el análisis in silico de compuestos antiGiardia.


Giardiasis caused by Giardia intestinalis (known as Giardia lamblia), is one of the most common parasitic infections in the world and with a higher prevalence in developing countries like ours. There are many drugs for the treatment of giardiasis, of different efficacy and adverse effects such as curcumin that inhibits the polymerization of microtubules by a mechanism other than colchicine. However, the crystallographic structure of G. lamblia Tubulin (α and ß chains) remains unknown. The sequence alignment analysis (PBLAST) indicates an identity of 86,98 and 88,32 % between the α and ß chains of the Tubulin of G. lamblia and B. taurus (PDB: 5NQT). Homologous Modeling of the protein structure of G. lamblia Tubulin using the B. taurus Tubulin as a template employing the SWISS-MODEL server, generated a protein structure with the following parameters: z-core = -1,16 and -1,41, QMEANscore6 = 0,71 and 0,70, % of reliability (from Ramachandran plots) = 96,08 y 96,95 %, RMS (Root Mean Square) = 0,081 and MOLPROBITYscore = 1,26. These parameters indicate that the protein structure of G. lamblia Tubulin obtained from Homology Modeling is of good quality, therefore, this structure could be used in further evaluations, such as the in silico analysis of antiGiardia compounds.


Subject(s)
Parasitic Diseases , Tubulin , Giardia lamblia , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Polymerization
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 972-976, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the types and characteristics of TUBB1 mutation in children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and thyroid dysgenesis (TD) in Shandong, China.@*METHODS@#Mutations of the whole coding region of the TUBB1 gene were analyzed for 289 children with CH and TD in Shandong. Whole-genome DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. PCR multiplication was performed for the whole coding region of the TUBB1 gene. Sanger sequencing was performed for the PCR products, and a biological information analysis was performed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 289 children with CH and TD, 4 (1.4%) were found to have a c.952C>T(p.R318W) heterozygous mutation in the TUBB1 gene, resulting in the change of tryptophan into arginine at codon 318 of TUBB1 protein. This mutation was evaluated as "potentially pathogenic" based on the classification criteria and guidelines for genetic variation by American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A novel mutation is detected in the exon of the TUBB1 gene in children with CH and TD in Shandong, suggesting that the TUBB1 gene may be a candidate pathogenic gene for CH children with TD.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , China , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Mutation , Thyroid Dysgenesis , Genetics , Tubulin , Genetics
14.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 540-552, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763047

ABSTRACT

To determine the chemopreventive potential of alyssin and iberin, the in vitro anticancer activities and molecular targets of isothiocyanates (ITCs) were measured and compared to sulforaphane in hepatocellular carcinoma cell HepG2. The SR-FTIR spectra observed a similar pattern vis-à-vis the biomolecular alteration amongst the ITCs-treated cells suggesting a similar mode of action. All of the ITCs in this study cause cancer cell death through both apoptosis and necrosis in concentration dependent manner (20–80 μM). We found no interactions of any of the ITCs studied with DNA. Notwithstanding, all of the ITCs studied increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and suppressed tubulin polymerization, which led to cell-cycle arrest in the S and G₂/M phase. Alyssin possessed the most potent anticancer ability; possibly due to its ability to increase intracellular ROS rather than tubulin depolymerization. Nevertheless, the structural influence of alkyl chain length on anticancer capabilities of ITCs remains inconclusive. The results of this study indicate an optional, potent ITC (viz., alyssin) because of its underlying mechanisms against hepatic cancer. As a consequence, further selection and development of effective chemotherapeutic ITCs is recommended.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Death , DNA , In Vitro Techniques , Isothiocyanates , Liver Neoplasms , Necrosis , Polymerization , Polymers , Reactive Oxygen Species , Tubulin , Vegetables
15.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 489-497, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761777

ABSTRACT

Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus at the larval stage, predominantly develops in the liver and lungs of intermediate hosts and eventually results in organ malfunction or even death. The interaction between E. granulosus and human body is incompletely understood. Exosomes are nanosized particles ubiquitously present in human body fluids. Exosomes carry biomolecules that facilitate communication between cells. To the best of our knowledge, the role of exosomes in patients with CE is not reported. Here, we isolated exosomes from the sera of patients with CE (CE-exo) and healthy donors and subjected them to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. Proteomic analysis identified 49 proteins specifically expressed in CE-exo, including 4 proteins of parasitic origin. The most valuable parasitic proteins included tubulin alpha-1C chain and histone H4. And 8 proteins were differentially regulated in CE-exo (fold change>1.5), as analyzed with bioinformatic methods such as annotation and functional enrichment analyses. These findings may improve our understanding about the interaction between E. granulosus and human body, and may contribute to the diagnosis and prevention of CE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computational Biology , Diagnosis , Echinococcosis , Echinococcus granulosus , Echinococcus , Exosomes , Gene Ontology , Histones , Human Body , Liver , Lung , Mass Spectrometry , Tissue Donors , Tubulin , Zoonoses
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 331-335, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a case of 10p15.3 microdeletion syndrome and to explore its clinical and molecular characteristics.@*METHODS@#The patient was subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES), with his clinical features discussed in the light of literature review.@*RESULTS@#The patient presented with global developmental delay, hypotonia, autistic-like traits, mild facial dysmorphism and other features including short stature, small hands and feet, congenital heart disease and feeding difficulty. WES has detected deletions of ZMYND11, DIP2C, LARP4B, TUBB8, GTPBP4, IDI2, IDI1, WOR37 and ADARB2 genes on the short arm of chromosome 10. Among these, ZMYND11 gene been previously associated with intellectual disability.@*CONCLUSION@#The patient's phenotype was closely correlated with that of 10p15.3 microdeletion syndrome. Haploinsufficiency of the ZMYND11 gene may underlie the manifestations of 10p15.3 microdeletion syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carrier Proteins , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 , Exome , GTP-Binding Proteins , Intellectual Disability , Nuclear Proteins , Phenotype , Tubulin , Exome Sequencing
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 964-971, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of on the expression of β-tubulin Ⅲ and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and the proliferation and differentiation of murine neural stem cells (NSCs) .@*METHODS@#An immortalized murine NSC line was divided into model control (MC) group, 10% drug-containing serum group (NLXT group), and 10% Naoluoxintong drug-containing serum with inhibitor Y27632 group (Y-27632 group) with corresponding treatments. The activity of the NSCs was detected after the treatments using MTT assay, and the migration of the cells was observed with Transwell assay. The expressions of β-tubulin Ⅲ, GFAP and MAP-2 proteins in the cells were detected with immunoblotting, and the expressions of DCX, NEUN, and β-tubulin Ⅲ were also detected with immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#Compared with that in MC group, the number of migrated cells in NLXT group and Y-27632 group increased significantly at 1 day and 3 days after induction ( < 0.05). The survival rate and the number of migrated cells in NLXT group and Y-27632 group increased significantly on day 7 ( < 0.01). Compared with those in MC group, the expressions of β-tubulin Ⅲ, MAP2 and GFAP protein in NLXT group and Y-27632 group were significantly increased on days 3 ( < 0.01) and 7 ( < 0.05). The numbers of β-tubulinⅢ/ GFAP, BrdU/DCX, and BrdU/NEUN labeled cells in the NLXT group and Y-27632 group were significantly greater than those in the MC group.@*CONCLUSIONS@# promotes the proliferation and differentiation of murine NSCs by regulating the expressions of β-tubulinⅢ/GFAP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Neural Stem Cells , Tubulin
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1099-1106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773483

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism by which doublecortin promotes the recovery of cytoskeleton in arginine vasopressin (AVP) neurons in rats with electrical lesions of the pituitary stalk (PEL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two SD rats were randomized into PEL group with electrical lesions of the pituitary stalk through the floor of the skull base (=25) and sham operation group (=7), and the daily water consumption (DWC), daily urine volume (DUV) and urine specific gravity (USG) of the rats were recorded. Four rats on day 1 and 7 rats on each of days 3, 7 and 14 after PEL as well as the sham-operated rats were sacrificed for detection of the expressions of β-Tubulin (Tuj1), doublecortin and caspase- 3 in the AVP neurons of the supraoptic nucleus using immunofluorescence assay and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#After PEL, the rats exhibited a typical triphasic pattern of diabetes insipidus, with the postoperative days 1-2 as the phase one, days 3-5 as the phase two, and days 6-14 as the phase three. Immunofluorescent results indicated the repair of the AVP neurons evidenced by significantly increased doublecortin expressions in the AVP neurons following PEL; similarly, the expression of Tuj1 also increased progressively after PEL, reaching the peak level on day 7 after PEL. The apoptotic rates of the AVP neurons exhibited a reverse pattern of variation, peaking on postoperative day 3 followed by progressive reduction till day 14. Western blotting showed that the expressions of c-Jun and p-c-Jun were up-regulated significantly on day 3 ( < 0.05) and 7 ( < 0.01) after PEL, while an upregulated p-JNK expression was detected only on day 3 ( < 0.05), as was consistent with the time-courses of neuronal recovery and apoptosis after PEL.@*CONCLUSIONS@#JNK/c-Jun pathway is activated after PEL to induce apoptosis of AVP neurons in the acute phase and to promote the repair of neuronal cytoskeleton by up-regulation of doublecortin and Tuj1 expressions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Arginine Vasopressin , Pharmacology , Cytoskeleton , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Neurons , Cell Biology , Pituitary Gland , Cell Biology , Wounds and Injuries , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Regeneration , Tubulin , Metabolism
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(5): e6213, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889085

ABSTRACT

Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f), one of the main species of house dust mites, produces more than 30 allergens. A recently identified allergen belonging to the alpha-tubulin protein family, Der f 33, has not been characterized in detail. In this study, we used bioinformatics tools to construct the secondary and tertiary structures and predict the B and T cell epitopes of Der f 33. First, protein attribution, protein patterns, and physicochemical properties were predicted. Then, a reasonable tertiary structure was constructed by homology modeling. In addition, six B cell epitopes (amino acid positions 34-45, 63-67, 103-108, 224-230, 308-316, and 365-377) and four T cell epitopes (positions 178-186, 241-249, 335-343, and 402-410) were predicted. These results established a theoretical basis for further studies and eventual epitope-based vaccine design against Der f 33.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tubulin/chemistry , Allergens/chemistry , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/chemistry , Dermatophagoides farinae/chemistry , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/chemistry , Tubulin/genetics , Tubulin/immunology , Allergens/genetics , Allergens/immunology , Molecular Structure , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Epitope Mapping , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/genetics , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/genetics , Computational Biology , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Dermatophagoides farinae/genetics , Dermatophagoides farinae/immunology , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/genetics , Antigens, Dermatophagoides/immunology
20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 643-655, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167303

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: KX-01 is a novel dual inhibitor of Src and tubulin. Unlike previous Src inhibitors that failed to show clinical benefit during treatment of breast cancer, KX-01 can potentially overcome the therapeutic limitations of current Src inhibitors through inhibition of both Src and tubulin. The present study further evaluates the activity and mechanism of KX-01 in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antitumor effect of KX-01 in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines was determined by MTT assay. Wound healing and immunofluorescence assays were performed to evaluate the action mechanisms of KX-01. Changes in the cell cycle and molecular changes induced by KX-01 were also evaluated. A MDA-MB-231 mouse xenograft model was used to demonstrate the in vivo effects. RESULTS: KX-01 effectively inhibited the growth of breast cancer cell lines. The expression of phospho-Src and proliferative-signaling molecules were down-regulated in KX-01-sensitive TNBC cell lines. In addition, migration inhibition was observed by wound healing assay. KX-01-induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and increased the aneuploid cell population in KX-01-sensitive cell lines. Multi-nucleated cells were significantly increased after KX-01 treatment. Furthermore, KX-01 effectively delayed tumor growth in a MDA-MB-231 mouse xenograft model. CONCLUSION: KX-01 effectively inhibited cell growth and migration of TNBC cells. Moreover, this study demonstrated that KX-01 showed antitumor effects through the inhibition of Src signaling and the induction of mitotic catastrophe. The antitumor effects of KX-01 were also demonstrated in vivo using a mouse xenograft model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Aneuploidy , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Heterografts , In Vitro Techniques , Microtubules , Mitosis , src-Family Kinases , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Tubulin , Wound Healing
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