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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 317-322, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928544

ABSTRACT

This study aims to compare the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with semen quality in men from couples with primary and secondary infertility. Semen samples were collected from 133 men who requested fertility evaluation. Seminal tract infection with Ureaplasma spp. (UU), Mycoplasma hominis (MH), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) was assessed by PCR-based diagnostic assays. Among all patients, the prevalence of STIs was higher in men from couples with primary infertility than that in men from couples with secondary infertility (39.7% vs 21.7%, P = 0.03). The prevalence of UU was 28.8% and 13.3% in men from couples with primary and secondary infertility, respectively. Men from couples with primary infertility were more likely to be positive for UU than men from couples with secondary infertility (P = 0.04). Regarding the UU subtype, the prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uuu) and Ureaplasma parvum (Uup; including Uup1, Uup3, Uup6, and Uup14) did not differ between the two groups. No associations between the prevalence rates of MH, MG, and CT were found in men from either infertility group. A lower sperm concentration was associated with STI pathogen positivity in men with primary infertility according to the crude model (P = 0.04). The crude and adjusted models showed that semen volume (both P = 0.03) and semen leukocyte count (both P = 0.02) were independently associated with secondary infertility. These findings suggest the importance of classifying the type of infertility during routine diagnosis of seminal tract infections.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Infertility, Male/epidemiology , Mycoplasma genitalium , Mycoplasma hominis , Prevalence , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum
2.
Infectio ; 25(2): 135-137, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250080

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de un paciente a quien se le diagnosticó una Infección de Transmisión Sexual (ITS) por la técnica de PCR múltiple y en quién se logró por esta técnica, detectar cuatro agentes diferentes simultáneamente: Neisseria gonorreae, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum/parvum y Trichomonas vaginalis, situación esta, que no hubiera sido posible utilizando el procedimiento estándar.


Summary Here we report the case of a patient with a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STI) in whom four different agents were detected by a multiple PCR technique: Neisseria gonorreae, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum / parvum and Trichomonas vaginalis. This detection of multiple agents would not have been possible using conventional procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Diagnosis , Molecular Biology , Trichomonas vaginalis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Mycoplasma hominis , Methods
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 785-788, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942253

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of clinical application of simultaneous amplification and testing of RNA (SAT-RNA) for detecting Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) by comparing with the polymerase chain reaction testing of DNA (PCR-DNA) method.@*METHODS@#Specimens from both urethra swab and the first avoid urine which should be at least one hour after the previous urination were collected from 163 men who were scheduled for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) treatment due to female factors at Center for Reproductive Medicine, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University during the period of April 2016 to April 2017. Among the 163 men, 109 simultaneously provided semen that was collected after 3-7 days of sexual abstinence for the testing. Urine and semen specimens were detected for CT and UU with SAT-RNA, while urethra swab specimens were detected for CT and UU with standard PCR-DNA. Detection results of the SAT-RNA were compared with those of the PCR-DNA method.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of UU in the urethra swab detected with PCR-DNA and that of UU in the urine with SAT-RNA were 47.24% and 47.85%, respectively, and the coincidence rate was 93.25%. In addition, the positive and negative coincidence rates were 93.51% and 93.02%, respectively, and the concordance between the two methods was very good (Kappa=0.865). On the other hand, the positive rate of CT in the swab specimen tested with PCR-DNA was 3.07% and that of CT in urine with SAT-RNA was 4.29%, and the coincidence rate was 97.55%. Moreover, the positive and negative coincidence rates were 80.00% and 98.10%, respectively, and the concordance between the two methods was good (Kappa=0.654). Regarding SAT-RNA detection of UU in the urine and semen specimen of the 109 patients, the positive rates of UU in the urine and semen specimens were 50.46% and 44.95%, respectively; and the coincidence rate between the two specimens was 88.99%. In addition, the positive coincidence rate and the negative coincidence rate was 93.88% and 85.00%, respectively, and the concordance between the two specimens was good (Kappa=0.780). Similarly, SAT-RNA detection of CT in the urine and semen specimens showed the positive rate was 5.50% and 3.67%, respectively; and the two specimens showed 98.17% coincidence rate. The positive and negative coincidence rates were 100.00% and 98.10%, respectively, and the concordance was also good (Kappa=0.791).@*CONCLUSION@#SAT-RNA detection of CT and UU in the urine specimen showed good concordance with the PCR-DNA detection of CT and UU in the urethra swab specimen. In addition, the concordance was also good between the urine and semen specimens detected with SAT-RNA. These results indicate that, as a less invasive and equally accurate procedure, SAT-RNA may be more suitable for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chlamydia Infections/epidemiology , Chlamydia trachomatis/genetics , Infertility, Male , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ureaplasma urealyticum/genetics
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10099, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142582

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to analyze the infection rate and drug resistance of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) in the genitourinary tract of Chinese patients. From December 2018 to June 2019, vaginal secretion or urinary secretion of outpatients in our hospital were selected for culture and drug sensitivity analysis of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis. In 4082 Chinese samples, 1567 Mycoplasma were detected, a detection rate of 38.39%, among which 1366 cases were UU single positive, accounting for 33.47%, 15 cases were MH single positive, accounting for 0.36%, 186 cases were UU and MH mixed positive, accounting for 4.56%. The most affected age groups were 21-30 years and 31-40 years, accounting for 19.09 and 15.05%, respectively. The results of drug sensitivity showed that doxycycline, minocycline, josamycin, clarithromycin, and roxithromycin were more sensitive to mycoplasma infection. The distribution of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in the human genitourinary system and their sensitivity to antibiotics is different for sex and age groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ureaplasma urealyticum/drug effects , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Mycoplasma hominis/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , China , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification , Mycoplasma hominis/isolation & purification , Asian People , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
5.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 31(4): 131-137, dez. 31, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122030

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis are frequently found at many women's and men's urogenital tract, and have been associated with non-gonococcal urethritis, cervicitis, infertility, chorioaminionitis and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Some studies show high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in patients with non-gonococcal urethritis, while also presenting high frequency of Ureaplasma urealyticum infection in women with cervicalcytology abnormalities and men with genital warts. Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis and HPV coinfection in people attending a sexually transmitted infections (STI)/HIV reference centre and to identify the risk factors associated. Methods: A cross-sectional study with patients aged >18 years, carried out for Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis from July 1st to December 31, 2015, in a STI/HIV reference centre from the State of Bahia, Brazil. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained from secondary data from patients' charts and laboratory findings, and analyzed using SPSS 20.0. Pearson's χ2 test or Fisher's exact test was used to evaluate categorical variables. HPV clinical diagnosis was considered positive as the presence of genital warts. Results: In this study, 849 patients were included ­ 196 men and 653 women. Of the sample, 51.4% was diagnosed with at least one of the two bacteria. The prevalence of Mycoplasma hominis infection was higher in coinfection (16.7%) than in isolated infection (2.2%). The prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum isolated infection was 32.4%. A strong association was found between the presence of genital warts and Ureaplasma urealyticum infection, with an estimated risk of 1.230 (p=0.014). Conclusion: Our findings suggest the need for further investigation for Ureaplasma urealyticum infection in patients presenting genital warts on physical examination. In addition, in this context, greater attention should be given to women and pregnant women.


Introdução: Ureaplasma urealyticum e Mycoplasma hominis são frequentemente encontrados no trato urogenital de homens e mulheres, e têm sido associados à ocorrência de uretrites não gonocócicas, cervicites, infertilidade, corioamnionite e outras patologias obstétricas. Alguns estudos mostraram alta prevalência de papilomavírus humano (HPV) em pacientes com uretrites não gonocócicas, bem como alta frequência de infecção por Ureaplasma urealyticum em mulheres com anormalidades na citologia cervical e homens apresentando verruga genital. Objetivos: Avaliar a prevalência da coinfecção por Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis e HPV em pessoas atendidas em um centro de referência de DST/HIV e identificar os fatores de risco associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal com pacientes maiores de 18 anos, testados para Ureaplasma urealyticum e Mycoplasma hominis entre 1º de julho e 31 de dezembro de 2015, em um centro de referência de DST/HIV da Bahia, Brasil. Os dados clínicos e sociodemográficos foram obtidos por coleta de dados secundários a partir dos prontuários e achados laboratoriais dos pacientes e analisados usando SPSS 20.0. O teste de χ2 Pearson ou teste exato de Fisher foram usados para avaliar as variáveis categóricas. O diagnóstico clínico do HPV foi considerado positivo quando houve presença de verruga genital. Resultados: Foram incluídos neste estudo, 849 pacientes, sendo 196 homens e 653 mulheres. Da amostra, 51,4% foi diagnosticada com infecção por pelo menos uma das duas bactérias. A prevalência de infecção por Mycoplasma hominis foi maior na coinfecção (16,7%) do que isoladamente (2,2%). A prevalência da infecção isolada por Ureaplasma urealyticum foi de 32,4%. Houve forte associação entre a presença de verruga genital e infecção por Ureaplasma urealyticum, com estimativa de risco de 1,230 (p=0,014). Conclusão: Nossos achados sugerem a necessidade de investigação adicional para a infecção por Ureaplasma urealyticum nos pacientes apresentando verruga genital ao exame físico. Além disso, nesse contexto, maior atenção deve ser dada a mulheres e gestantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomaviridae , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Mycoplasma hominis , Urethritis , Warts , Mycoplasma
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(1): 49-54, feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003722

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN OBJETIVO: Ureaplasma urealyticum es el agente más frecuentemente aislado en infección intraamniótica. Los macrólidos son los antimicrobianos de primera elección en embarazadas. Se ha descrito el aumento de resistencia, pudiendo limitar las opciones terapéuticas durante la gestación. El propósito del estudio es evaluar susceptibilidad antimicrobiana de Ureaplasma urealyticum aislado en mujeres en edad fértil, que se atienden en Clínica Alemana Temuco, Araucanía, Chile. METODO: Se estudian todas las muestras de orina y flujo vaginal para cultivo de U. urealyticum, de pacientes entre 18 y 40 años, recibidas en el Laboratorio de Microbiología Clínica Alemana Temuco, en período Abril 2013 a Enero 2015. Se procesan las muestras con kit Mycoplasma IST 2 de Biomerieux. En las que resultan positivas, se estudia susceptibilidad a macrólidos, tetraciclinas y quinolonas. RESULTADOS: 426 muestras de orina y flujo vaginal (390 pacientes). 197 pacientes resultaron positivas para U. urealyticum. (50,5%). La susceptibilidad fue 88,4% (174 pctes) a Eritromicina, 87,9% (173 pctes) a Claritromicina y 91,9% (181 pctes) a Azitromicina (NS). 15 de 197 pacientes (7,6%) fueron resistentes a los 3 macrólidos. La susceptibilidad a Quinolonas fue 55,3% a Ciprofloxacino, y 94% a Ofloxacino. El 100% resultó susceptible a Tetraciclinas. CONCLUSIONES: Cerca del 10% de U. urealyticum aislados en nuestra serie son resistentes a macrólidos, contribuyendo a la no erradicación de la infección en tratamientos empíricos. Dentro de ellos, azitromicina aparece con la mayor efectividad. El aumento de resistencia limitará opciones terapéuticas, con gran impacto perinatal en futuro. La vigilancia de susceptibilidad en cada hospital es fundamental para elección terapéutica.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Ureaplasma urealyticum is the most frequently isolated microorganism in intra-amniotic infection. The macrolides are the first choice antimicrobials for treat this infection in pregnancy. The increasing resistance has been described worldwide, seriously limiting therapeutic options in pregnancy. The aim of the study is to evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility of U. urealyticum aislated in fertile-age women in Clínica Alemana Temuco, Araucania region, Chile. METHOD: Urine and vaginal samples were analyzed for U. urealyticum, from every 18 to 40 years old patients, received at Microbiology Laboratory of Clínica Alemana Temuco, between April 2013 to January 2015. The samples are processed with Mycoplasma IST 2 kit of Biomerieux. If they became positives, susceptibility to macrolides, tetracyclines and quinolones was studied. RESULTS: 426 urine and vaginal samples were collected (390 patients). 197 patients were positive for U. urealyticum (50.5%). The susceptibility was 88.4% (174 pts) to Erythromicyn, 87.9% (173 pts) to Clarithromycin and 91.9% (181 pts) to Azithromycin (NS). Resistance to all macrolides was observed in 15 out of 197 patients (7.6%). The susceptibility to Quinolones was 55.3% to Ciprofloxacin, and 94% to Ofloxacin. The 100% was susceptible to Tetracyclines. DISCUSSION: Near to 10% of isolated Ureaplasma spp in our serie were resistant to some macrolide, being a factor for failing to eradicate the infection in empirical treatment. Azithromycin was the most effective. The increasing resistance will limit therapeutic options, with great perinatal impact in the future. Susceptibility surveillance in each hospital is very important for therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ureaplasma urealyticum/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Tetracycline/pharmacology , Urine/microbiology , Urogenital System/microbiology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Erythromycin/pharmacology , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification , Azithromycin/pharmacology , Quinolones/pharmacology , Macrolides/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial
7.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 127-133, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess positive culture rate and antimicrobial susceptibilities of Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) in symptomatic general population and pregnant women admitted with preterm labor and premature rupture of membranes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who have undergone culture test and antimicrobial susceptibilities at our center from January 2017 to April 2018. Patients with positive culture for MH, UU, or both were included in this study. RESULTS: There were 200 patients who were eligible for enrollment. Of these patients, 34 (17%) were pregnant women and 166 (83%) were non-pregnant women. Of these 200 patients, positive culture results were as follows: MH only, n=10 (5%); UU only, n=58 (29%); and both MH and UU, n=36 (18%). Susceptibilities of MH only to doxycycline, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, and azithromycin were 100%, 10%, 40%, and 0%, respectively. Susceptibilities of UU only to doxycycline, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, and azithromycin were 94.8%, 87.9%, 5.2%, and 81%, respectively. Susceptibilities of both MH and UU to doxycycline, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, and azithromycin were 97.2%, 5.6%, 11.1%, and 11.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: UU only was the leading causative pathogen for genitourinary infection in our study. MH only accounted for about one sixth of UU only infections. Doxycycline was still the best antibiotics as most patients with MH only, UU only, or both MH and UU positive culture showed susceptibility. For ciprofloxacin, less than 12% of those with UU only and both MH and UU culture positive results showed susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Azithromycin , Ciprofloxacin , Doxycycline , Erythromycin , Medical Records , Membranes , Mycoplasma hominis , Mycoplasma , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Pregnant Women , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Ureaplasma
8.
The World Journal of Men's Health ; : 355-363, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761881

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Because of the inconsistent symptoms associated with Ureaplasma infections, their clinical significances in genitourinary tracts are under debate. Therefore, we evaluated the presence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Ureaplasma parvum (UP) in urine samples and examined their associations with chronic prostatitis (CP) through a case and control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 696 nonchlamydial nongonococcal (NCNG) urine samples from men; 350 were categorized into non-inflammatory CP, 88 in inflammatory CP, and 258 in non-CP group. We amplified a region in the Ureaplasma urease areas from these samples and determined their biovars using the Sanger method. RESULTS: Among the NCNG population, the rates of UU, UP, and non-UU/UP were 3.88%, 6.46%, and 89.66%, respectively. The overall infection rates of non-CP, inflammatory CP, and non-inflammatory CP groups were 4.15%, 6.10%, and 3.65% in UU (p=0.612) and 6.85%, 7.22%, and 6.50% in UP (p=0.968), respectively. UU infection increased the risk of white blood cell (WBC) counts (≥5) in urine (p=0.005). In contrast, UP infections did not increase the risks of urethritis. Re-analysis from the 633 men who were excluded from urethritis effects did not reveal the associations between UU infection and the clinical characteristics of CP. Furthermore, the profiles from the National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index questionnaire and WBC counts in expressed prostatic secretion were similar among the non-CP and the two CP groups in each Ureaplasma infection. CONCLUSIONS: We found that UU may induce male urethritis. However, Ureapalsma species in urine were not definitively associated with the occurrence of CP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Academies and Institutes , Case-Control Studies , Leukocytes , Methods , Prostate , Prostatitis , Ureaplasma Infections , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Ureaplasma , Urease , Urethritis
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 817-821, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774013

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the infection status of human papilloma virus (HPV),Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU),Chlamydia trachomatis (CT),and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) in clinical patients.Methods The laboratory specimens including urine,urethral swabs,and cervical swabs from 870 patients from January 1st 2014 to December 31st 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. HPV-DNA was detected by multiplex fluorescent PCR,and the UU-RNA,CT-RNA,and NG-RNA were determined by isothermal nucleic acid amplification. The positive rate of each pathogen and the distribution of positive rate between male and female patients were calculated. The samples were further divided into HPV-positive group and HPV-negative group,and the positive rates of UU-RNA,CT-RNA,and NG-RNA in these two groups were compared.Results The highest positive rate was 53.68%(467/870) for UU-RNA,followed by HPV-DNA [32.41%(282/870) ]and NG-RNA [2.18%(19/870)]. The total positive rate of high-risk (HR)-HPV(subtypes:16,18,31,33,35,39,45,51,52,56,58,59,and 68) [31.52%(209/663)]and UU in female patients [60.93%(404/663)] was significantly higher than that in male patients [17.39%(36/207),30.34%(63/207)](both P<0.001). The male patients had significantly higher CT positive rate in HR-HPV-positive group than in HR-HPV-negative group [22.58%(7/31) vs. 4.54%(8/176)](P<0.001). The female patients had significantly higher CT positive rate in HR-HPV-positive group than in HR-HPV-negative group [10.5%(21/200) vs. 5.61%(26/463)](P=0.024). The UU-RNA positive rate of females in the low-risk (LR)-HPV (subtypes:6 and 11) positive group was significantly higher than that in LR-HPV negative group [70.83%(34/48) vs.2.11%(13/615)](P<0.001).Conclusions Women are more susceptible to HR-HPV and UU infections. HR-HPV-positive patients are more likely to experience CT infection. In contrast,co-infection with UU is more common in LR-HPV-positive females.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chlamydia Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Chlamydia trachomatis , Gonorrhea , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Ureaplasma Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 504-508, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate bacterial infection and the distribution of different bacterial species in the donor semen and the influence of different bacterial counts on semen quality.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bacterial colonies in the semen samples from 1 126 donors were counted with the Synbiosis Protocol 3 Automatic Colony Counter and the bacterial species with a colony count ≥10⁴ cfu/ml identified with the VITEK2 Compact Automatic Biochemical Analyzer. The Makler Sperm Counting Board was used to examine the semen quality of the semen samples with a colony count = 0 cfu/ml (n = 22, group A), those with a colony count <10⁴ cfu/ml (n = 22, group B) and those with a colony count ≥10⁴ cfu/ml (n = 22, group C). Univariate analysis was employed for comparison of semen quality among different groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 1 126 donor semen samples cultured, 5 (0.44%) showed mixed bacterial contamination and 993 (88.58%) showed none but with growth of a certain species of bacteria, 2.22% (22/993) with a colony count ≥10⁴ cfu/ml, mainly including Streptococcus bovis, tiny bacilli, Staphylococcus epidermis, and Staphylococcus aureus, among which gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria accounted for 95.45% (21/22) and 4.54% (1/22), respectively. Compared with group A, groups B and C manifested significantly reduced total sperm count ([567.5 ± 327.6] vs [421.9 ± 155.9] and [389.9 ± 110.6] × 106 per ejaculate, P <0.05) and percentage of progressively motile sperm ([65.0 ± 6.5] vs [61.0 ± 3.5] and [61.6 ± 4.3] %, P <0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among the three groups in the semen liquefaction time, semen pH value, total sperm motility or percentage of morphologically normal sperm (P > 0.05). Of the 284 randomly selected semen samples, 34 (11.97%) were found positive for Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and no significant difference was observed in the semen quality between the UU-positive and UU-negative samples (P> 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The bacteria-positive rate is high in the donor semen and the bacterial species are varied, mainly including gram-positive bacteria. Semen quality is reduced with the increased number of bacterial colonies.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Analysis of Variance , Bacteria , Classification , Bacterial Load , Semen , Microbiology , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Tissue Donors , Ureaplasma urealyticum
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 540-546, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689694

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the effects of Zhibai Dihuang Decoction (ZDD) on sperm mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in the rat model of ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) infection (UUI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety male SD rats were randomly divide into five groups: normal control, UUI model control, ZDD, doxycycline, and ZDD + doxycycline. The UUI model was established in the latter four groups of rats by UU injection into the bladder. On the second day after modeling, the animals of the normal control and UUI model control groups were treated intragastrically with 0.9% sodium chloride solution and those in the other groups with corresponding drugs, all for 21 consecutive days. At 24 hours after drug withdrawal, epididymal samples were obtained for detection of the protein and mRNA expressions of VDAC2 and ANT4 in the sperm mitochondria by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively and determination of the contents of adenosine monophosphate (AMP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and energy charge (EC) in the sperm mitochondria by high-performance liquid chromatography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The protein expressions of VDAC2 and ANT4 in the rat sperm mitochondria were 0.626 ± 0.074 and 0.527 ± 0.096 in the normal control group, 0.039 ± 0.011 and 0.044 ± 0.011 in the UUI model control group, 0.101 ± 0.037 and 0.127 ± 0.040 in the ZDD group, 0.236 ± 0.070 and 0.253 ± 0.054 in the doxycycline group, and 0.475 ± 0.064 and 0.367 ± 0.086 in the ZDD + doxycycline group, significantly lower in the UUI model control than in the normal control group (P<0.05 and P<0.01), but remarkably higher in the doxycycline and ZDD + doxycycline groups than in the UUI model control (P<0.01) and the ZDD group (P<0.05 and P<0.01), and the expression of VDAC2 was markedly higher in the ZDD + doxycycline than in the doxycycline group (P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of VDAC2 and ANT4 were 0.008 ± 0.001 035 and 0.026 50 ± 0.003 401 in the normal control group, 0.000 79 ± 0.000 226 and 0.001 64 ± 0.000 205 in the UUI model controls, 0.002 06 ± 0.000 861 and 0.005 04 ± 0.002 537 in the ZDD group, 0.003 34 ± 0.000 229 and 0.008 57 ± 0. 000 690 in the doxycycline group, and 0.004 85 ± 0.000 495 and 0.013 13 ± 0.000 826 in the ZDD + doxycycline group, significantly lower in the UUI model control than in the normal control group (P<0.05 and P<0.01), but remarkably higher in the ZDD, doxycycline and ZDD + doxycycline groups than in the UUI model controls (P<0.01) as well as in the doxycycline and ZDD + doxycycline groups than in the ZDD group (P<0.01) and in the ZDD + doxycycline than in the doxycycline group (P<0.01). The levels of ATP, ADP, AMP and EC in the sperm mitochondria were (203.41 ± 13.16) mg/L, (129.87 ± 14.68) mg/L, (149.05 ± 5.65) mg/L and 0.56 ± 0.01 in the normal control group, (96.22 ± 12.55) mg/L, (99.87 ± 3.28) mg/L, (212.53 ± 19. 43) mg/L and 0.36 ± 0.03 in the UUI model control group, (101.99 ± 5.97) mg/L, (104.99 ± 16.40) mg/L, (183.97 ± 12.43) mg/L and 0.40 ± 0.01 in the ZDD group, (159.44 ± 33.16) mg/L, (118.51 ± 12.99) mg/L, (160.64 ± 14.19) mg/L and 0.50 ± 0.06 in the doxycycline group, and (194.07 ± 9.36) mg/L, (121.62 ± 9.41) mg/L, (150.21 ± 12.87) mg/L and 0.55 ± 0.01 in the ZDD + doxycycline group. The levels of ATP and EC were significantly lower and that of AMP higher in the UUI model control than in the normal control group (P<0.01), while the former two were remarkably higher and the latter one lower in the doxycycline and ZDD + doxycycline groups than in the UUI model controls (P<0.05 and P<0.01). Compared with the ZDD + doxycycline group, the ZDD group showed significantly decreased ATP and EC but increased AMP, while the doxycycline group exhibited decreases in both ATP and EC (P<0.05 and P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ZDD can upregulate the decreased protein and mRNA expressions of VDAC2 and ANT4 in the sperm mitochondria and improve sperm mitochondrial permeability transition and mitochondrial energy metabolism in rats with UU infection, which may be one of its action mechanisms in the treatment of UU infection-induced male infertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Doxycycline , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Therapeutic Uses , Energy Metabolism , Epididymis , Infertility, Male , Mitochondria , Permeability , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spermatozoa , Ureaplasma Infections , Drug Therapy , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Voltage-Dependent Anion Channel 2 , Metabolism
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 147-151, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775204

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) infection in infertile men, its influence on routine semen parameters and the distribution of antisperm antibody (AsAb) and its types in infertile patients with UU infection.@*METHODS@#We detected the positive rate of UU infection, semen parameters, and the distribution of AsAb and its types in 662 infertile men and 25 normal fertile male controls followed by comparison of the obtained data between the two groups of subjects.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of UU infection was significantly higher in the infertile men than in the normal controls (52.87% [350/662] vs 16.00% [4/25], χ2 = 11.68, P 0.05) and AsAb IgA, IgM and IgG in the seminal plasma, or in the percentages of serum AsAb IgM (16.9% vs 20.5%, χ2 = 1.22, P >0.05) and IgG (32.7% vs 28.9%, χ2 = 0.99, P >0.05) except in that of serum AsAb IgA (23.6% vs 17.0%, χ2 = 4.03, P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The UU infection rate is high in infertile males, which decreases the semen volume, total sperm count, motile sperm concentration and percentage of progressively motile sperm and increases the positive rate of serum AsAb IgA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antibodies, Bacterial , Infertility, Male , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Semen , Sperm Count , Spermatozoa , Allergy and Immunology , Ureaplasma Infections , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 654-661, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The purpose of this study was to determine the role of Ureaplasma urealyticum-derived lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) in the host innate immune system, specifically their effect on Toll-like receptors (TLRs).@*METHODS@#LAMPs were derived from U. urealyticum strains, and human amniotic epithelial cells (HAECs) were isolated from healthy full-term placentas. Cytokine concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and TLR2 mRNA by real-time PCR. Expression of TLR2 was confirmed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#LAMPs induced HAECs to produce inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Cytokine production was reduced after blocking TLR2 using TLR2 inhibitor (anti-hTLR2-IgA).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LAMPs isolated from U. urealyticum induced TLR2-dependent up-regulation of inflammatory genes and cytokines in HAECs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Amnion/cytology , Amniotic Fluid/cytology , Cytokines/metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Inflammation , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Lipids/chemistry , Lipopolysaccharides/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 2/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Up-Regulation , Ureaplasma urealyticum/metabolism
14.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 207-213, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the prevalence of infections with human papillomavirus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis, and Mycoplasma genitalium in the semen of Korean infertile couples and their associations with sperm quality. METHODS: Semen specimens were collected from 400 men who underwent a fertility evaluation. Infection with above five pathogens was assessed in each specimen. Sperm quality was compared in the pathogen-infected group and the non-infected group. RESULTS: The infection rates of human papillomavirus, C. trachomatis, U. urealyticum, M. hominis, and M. genitalium in the study subjects were 1.57%, 0.79%, 16.80%, 4.46%, and 1.31%, respectively. The rate of morphological normality in the U. urealyticum-infected group was significantly lower than in those not infected with U. urealyticum. In a subgroup analysis of normozoospermic samples, the semen volume and the total sperm count in the pathogen-infected group were significantly lower than in the non-infected group. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that infection with U. urealyticum alone and any of the five sexually transmitted infections are likely to affect sperm morphology and semen volume, respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Chlamydia trachomatis , Family Characteristics , Fertility , Mycoplasma genitalium , Mycoplasma hominis , Prevalence , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Sperm Count , Spermatozoa , Ureaplasma urealyticum
15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1771-1778, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225697

ABSTRACT

There is limited research on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents in Korea. The objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for STIs among Korean adolescents under probation. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in one juvenile-delinquent center and five probation offices in Korea to determine the prevalence of STIs caused by the following pathogens: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, herpes simplex virus (HSV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Treponema pallidum, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealyticum, and Ureaplasma parvum. Of the 237 (208 male and 29 female) participating adolescents, 152 (64.1%) had a history of coitus. Overall, 133 (56.1%) subjects tested positive for at least one microorganism in their genitourinary tract. The most prevalent pathogen was U. urealyticum (24.7%, n = 65), followed by U. parvum (24.1%, n = 57), M. hominis (17.3%, n = 41), C. trachomatis (13.9%, n = 33), N. gonorrhoeae (1.7%, n = 4), T. vaginalis (0.8%, n = 2), and HSV (0.8%, n = 2). The prevalence of syphilis was 0.8% (n = 2). There were no reported cases of HIV infection. Fifty-four participants (35.5%) were positive with more than two pathogens. We did not find any significant difference between STIs and socioeconomic factors, behavioral factors or sexual practices. In conclusion, the prevalence of STIs among adolescents under probation was high. Systematic screening programs, more practical sexual education, and adequate provision of treatment are essential for the prevention and management of STIs among adolescents, especially those under probation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Chlamydia trachomatis , Coitus , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education , HIV , HIV Infections , Korea , Mass Screening , Mycoplasma , Mycoplasma genitalium , Mycoplasma hominis , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Simplexvirus , Socioeconomic Factors , Syphilis , Treponema pallidum , Trichomonas vaginalis , Ureaplasma , Ureaplasma urealyticum
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 717-721, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812889

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of real-time RNA simultaneous amplification and testing (SAT) in the detection of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) in the semen of infertile males and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#We collected semen samples from 542 infertility patients and 120 normal fertile men as controls in the Andrology Clinic of Nanjing General Hospital from March to September 2015. We detected UU infection in the samples using the culture method and SAT technology, respectively.@*RESULTS@#All the UU positive cases (except 4 false positive cases) detected by the culture method were also shown to be positive in SAT. The UU detection rate of SAT was significantly higher than that of the culture method both in the infertility patients (54.1 vs 19.7%, P<0.05) and in the normal controls (42.5 vs 12.5%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAT is a rapid and accurate method for detecting UU infection in semen samples, with a higher sensitivity and accuracy than the culture method, and it can also be used to evaluate the therapeutic effects. However, the culture method has its own advantages, such as low requirement of technical equipment, easy operation, and possibility of drug sensitivity test at the same time. Therefore, SAT and the culture method can be used alternatively according to the clinical need.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Andrology , Infertility, Male , Microbiology , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , RNA, Bacterial , Semen , Chemistry , Microbiology , Semen Analysis , Ureaplasma Infections , Diagnosis , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Genetics
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 722-727, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812888

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of Zhibai Dihuang Decoction (ZDD) on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase (COX) in the spermatogenic cells of rats with ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) infection.@*METHODS@#From forty 4-5 months old SD rats, 30 were randomly selected for the establishment of the model of testicular UU infection by inoculating the bladder with UU suspension and the other 10 injected with normal saline as controls (group A). At 7 days after inoculation, the rat models of testicular UU infection were treated orally with normal saline (group B), ZDD at 1 g per kg of the body weight per day (group C), and azithromycin at 0.105 g per kg of the body weight per day (group D), respectively, once daily for 21 days. Then all the animals were sacrificed and the epididymal and testicular tissues collected for examination of sperm motility with the color sperm dynamic detection system, measurement of the COX activity with the immunohistochemical DAB method, and determination of the mRNA expressions of COXⅠ and COXⅡ by RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, group B showed significant decreases in such sperm parameters as grade a sperm ([1.03 ± 0.09] vs [0.07 ± 0.03] %, P0.05), average path velocity (VAP) ([16.22 ± 1.52] vs [10.05 ± 1.80] μm/s, P0.05), and all the parameters were significantly higher in group C than in D (P<0.05or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#UU infection can reduce grades a and b sperm, linear, curvilinear and mean sperm velocities, and the mRNA expressions of COX Ⅰ and Ⅱ while ZDD can improve these parameters. The improvement of sperm motility may not be associated with the activity of COX, and the COX activity may be related to the mRNA expression of COX II but not that of COXⅠ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Azithromycin , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Electron Transport Complex IV , Metabolism , Epididymis , Mitochondria , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Physiology , Ureaplasma Infections , Drug Therapy , Ureaplasma urealyticum
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 169-172, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812791

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of Ningmitai Capsules (NMT) combined with doxycycline hydrochloride (DH) on chronic prostatitis induced by Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uu).@*METHODS@#This randomized controlled trial included 240 male patients with Uupositive chronic prostatitis, treated orally with NMT at 4 capsules tid (n= 35), DH at 100 mg bid (n = 78), and NMT+DH at the corresponding doses (n = 127), respectively, all for 2 successive weeks. At 1 week after drug withdrawl, we conducted routine urine analysis, EPS examination, and drug sensitivity test of the cultured Uu.@*RESULTS@#The positivetonegative rate of Uu was significantly higher in the NMT+DH group than in the NMT and DH groups (89.0% [113/127] vs 54.3% [19/35] and 71.8% [56/78], P< 0.05), so were the cure rate (25.2% vs 20.0% and 20.5%, P< 0.05) and total effectiveness rate (89.0% vs 54.3% and 71.8%, P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of Ningmitai Capsules and doxycycline hydrochloride is more effective than either Ningmitai Capsules or doxycycline hydrochloride used alone in the treatment of Uupositive chronic prostatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Capsules , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Chronic Disease , Doxycycline , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Prostatitis , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum
19.
Annals of Clinical Microbiology ; : 1-6, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193199

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The multiplex real-time PCR assay is a sensitive test for simultaneous detection of various pathogens of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We evaluated the performance of two multiplex real-time PCR assays for six STI pathogens. METHODS: DNA samples after being used to conduct PCR for STI pathogens were stored below −70℃. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), Mycoplasma hominis (MH), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) were detected by multiplex real-time PCR with GeneFinder STD I (CT/NG/UU)/II (MG/MH/TV) Multiplex Real-time PCR Kits (Infopia, Korea; GeneFinder assay) and Real-Q CT&NG/MH&TV/MG&UU Kits (BioSewoom, Korea; Real-Q assay). Discrepant results were resolved by another multiplex real-time assay, Anyplex II STI-7 Detection (Seegene, Korea). Any two positive results for the assays were considered true positive. RESULTS: Among 81 samples, the GeneFinder assay detected 63 pathogens from 45 cases (16 CT, 2 NG, 6 MG, 20 MH, 18 UU, and 1 TV) and Real-Q assay detected 66 pathogens from 47 cases (16 CT, 2 NG, 8 MG, 20 MH, 19 UU, and 1 TV). For the results of positive cases and negative cases, the overall concordance rate between the two multiplex real-time assays was 93.8% (Kappa=0.87). For each pathogen, the agreement rates of the two assays ranged from 97.5 to 100% (Kappa>0.8). CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference between the results of GeneFinder assay and Real-Q assay. Both multiplex real-time PCR assays can be useful methods for the detection of STI pathogens in clinical laboratories.


Subject(s)
Chlamydia trachomatis , DNA , Korea , Mycoplasma genitalium , Mycoplasma hominis , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Trichomonas vaginalis , Ureaplasma urealyticum
20.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 123-128, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44063

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal genital Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization in the second trimester and the neonatal outcomes. METHODS: We studied 577 premature infants born at ≤35 weeks' gestational age (GA) at Hallym University, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital from January 2008 to December 2014. Maternal vaginal specimens were collected and polymerase chain reaction and/or culture tests were done in the second trimester of pregnancy. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: a Uu colonization-positive group (UU) and a Uu-negative (control) group. Subgroup analyses were performed in extremely premature (23–28 weeks' GA) and premature (29–35 weeks' GA) infants. Various clinical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Of 577 preterm infants, 311 were delivered with maternal Uu infection (UU, 53.9%). Mean GA (30.0±3.6 weeks vs. 31.0±3.7 weeks, P=0.010) and birth weight (1,685.6±680.4 g vs. 1,932.7±733.1 g, P=0.003) were lower in the UU group than in controls. However, there were no significant differences in GA and birth weight in extremely premature group. Premature labor (P=0.002) and histological chorioamnionitis (P=0.032) was significantly more common in the UU group, especially in mothers who delivered in third trimester (29–35 weeks' GA). In particular, the incidence of moderate-to-severe BPD was statistically higher in UU extremely premature group (60.8% vs. 32.2%) (P=0.001). CONCLUSION: Maternal colonization with Uu was associated with an increase in premature delivery and lower birth weights. Moderate-to-severe BPD was more common in premature infants born at ≤28 weeks' GA with maternal Uu colonization.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Chorioamnionitis , Colon , Gestational Age , Heart , Incidence , Infant, Premature , Mothers , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Ureaplasma
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