Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 145
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785336

ABSTRACT

Influenza vaccine-associated anaphylaxis is a very rare allergic reaction to vaccines, but the most concerning and life-threatening adverse reaction. Although the safety of influenza vaccines has been well documented, occasional cases of anaphylaxis in vaccinated patients have been reported. In this study, we analyzed the immunoglobulin E (IgE) response to whole influenza vaccines in a pediatric case of delayed-onset anaphylaxis after influenza vaccination. The patient showed elevated specific IgE levels against whole influenza vaccines, especially with split virion from egg-based manufacturing process. Specific IgE levels to influenza vaccines showed decreased over. We evaluated a causal relationship between influenza vaccine and anaphylaxis event by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Delayed-onset anaphylaxis after influenza vaccination can occur in children without predisposing allergic diseases. In addition, the results suggested that formulation and production system of influenza vaccines could affect the probability of severe allergic reaction to vaccines.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Child , Drug Hypersensitivity , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Hypersensitivity, Delayed , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Influenza Vaccines , Influenza, Human , Vaccination , Vaccines , Virion
4.
Mycobiology ; : 256-260, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760533

ABSTRACT

Neuraminidase (NA) cleaves the glycosidic bond linkages of sialic acids to release the mature virions from infected cells and has been an attractive therapeutic target for anti-influenza agents. In our ongoing investigation of NA inhibitors in mushroom extracts, we found that the extract the fruiting body of Glaziella splendens potently inhibited neuraminidase. The fruiting bodies of G. splendens were extracted and partitioned successively with hexane, ethyl acetate, and butanol. The ethyl acetate soluble-layer was subjected to silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies, and MPLC to obtain five compounds (1–5). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods. NA inhibitory activity of these compounds was evaluated using NAs from recombinant rvH1N1, H3N2, and H5N1 influenza A viruses. One compound (1) was elucidated as a new azaphilone derivative, and four compounds (2–5) were identified as entonaemin A, comazaphilone D, rubiginosin A, and entonaemin B, respectively. Compounds 3 and 4 showed considerable inhibitory activity against three types of neuraminidases with the IC₅₀ values of 30.9, 41.8, and 35.7 µM for 3 and 46.5, 50.4, and 29.9 µM for 4, respectively. This study reveals that the fruiting bodies of G. splendens possess azaphilone derivatives with the NA inhibitory activity. This is the first report on the isolation of neuraminidase inhibitors from the fruiting bodies of G. splendens.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Chromatography , Fruit , Influenza A virus , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Neuraminidase , Sialic Acids , Silica Gel , Virion
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787227

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus has become one of the fastest growing public health problems worldwide. The disease is believed to involve a complex process involving genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. The human intestine harbors hundreds of trillions of bacteria, as well as bacteriophage particles, viruses, fungi, and archaea, which constitute a complex and dynamic ecosystem referred to as the gut microbiota. Increasing evidence has indicated changes in the gut microbiota composition or function in type 2 diabetic patients. An analysis of ‘dysbiosis’ enables the detection of alterations in the specific bacteria, clusters of bacteria, or bacterial functions associated with the occurrence of type 2 diabetes. These bacteria are involved predominantly in the control of inflammation and energy homeostasis. This review attempts to show that the gut microbiota are important factors for the occurrence of type 2 diabetes and are important for the treatment of gut microbiota dysbiosis through bariatric surgery, fecal microbiota transplantation, prebiotics, and probiotics.


Subject(s)
Archaea , Bacteria , Bacteriophages , Bariatric Surgery , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Dysbiosis , Ecosystem , Fecal Microbiota Transplantation , Fungi , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Homeostasis , Humans , Inflammation , Intestines , Prebiotics , Probiotics , Public Health , Virion
6.
Gut and Liver ; : 589-595, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763891

ABSTRACT

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection leads to clinically heterogeneous disease outcomes. Different viral markers are utilized to monitor treatment effects and predict risk of complications in patients with CHB. Hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) is a novel serum composite viral protein whose performance has been proven to be superior to that of existing viral markers. It showed good correlation with intrahepatic covalently closed-circular DNA. Its profile differs drastically in patients in different disease phases, and the level declines with antiviral therapies. HBcrAg may be helpful for predicting hepatocellular carcinoma development and hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in immunosuppressed patients. Another emerging measurable serum marker, HBV RNA, exists in the form of pregenomic RNA-containing virions. Its profile differs between patients in different disease phases in a similar manner to that of HBcrAg. HBV RNA is present in serum at lower levels than HBV DNA in treatment-naive patients by 1–2 logs. In contrast, its level is higher than HBV DNA in patients receiving nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs). A significant decline in serum RNA was observed in patients receiving novel antiviral therapies, including core protein allosteric modulators and RIG-1/NOD2 agonists. Both HBcrAg and HBV RNA may be helpful for predicting off-therapy sustained virological control in patients who stop long-term NA treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , DNA , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , RNA , Virion
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 262-268, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This work described a novel halotolerant phage, JMT-1, with a spherical morphology. JMT-1, which was isolated from a hypersaline lake, could produce clear plaques on Chromohalobacter sp. LY7-3. The purified virions are spherical, have no visible tail, and are about 30-50 nm in diameter. JMT-1 has a wide host range, and this study showed that the phage can infect at least five halophilic bacteria. The proteins of JMT-1 were analyzed using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and six proteins were detected. Results show that JMT-1 is a bacteriophage with a linear double-stranded DNA. Meanwhile, the genome is approximately 23 kb in length and is sensitive to the restriction endonucleases Bam I, EcoR I, Hind III and Kpa I. JMT-1 has a high titer, approaching 1.5 × 109 pfu/mL after dilution to 10−6 pfu/mL. The phage is also sensitive to chloroform but not to temperature, pH, and lowered salt concentration. JMT-1 is a spherical lytic halotolerant phage with a wide host range and has the tolerance to specific extreme environments. These data could provide references for studying phage resources in extreme environments and would also provide the useful methods for isolation and identification of other valuable phage in the salt lake environment.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/isolation & purification , Virion/isolation & purification , Lakes/virology , Host Specificity , Bacteria/virology , Bacteriophages/classification , Bacteriophages/physiology , Bacteriophages/genetics , Virion/classification , Virion/physiology , Sodium Chloride/analysis , Lakes/analysis , China , Genome, Viral
8.
Rev. cuba. plantas med ; 22(1)ene.-mar. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-901502

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Curcuma longa L. es una planta de la familia Zingiberaceae distribuida en las regiones tropicales y subtropicales, utilizada en la industria alimentaria, en medicina y en cosmética. Su colorante principal es la curcumina, un polifenol con múltiples efectos medicinales. Objetivos: obtener, caracterizar químicamente y evaluar la actividad biológica de tres curcuminoides de C. longa, cultivada en el Quindío-Colombia. Métodos: se purificaron tres curcuminoides (curcumina (C), demetoxicurcumina (DMC) y bisdemetoxicurcumina (BDMC) desde el rizoma de la planta, en estado seco, por cromatografía en columna y se caracterizaron por punto de fusión, espectroscopía infrarroja (IR), espectroscopía UV-vis y espectrometría de masas. Se evaluó la actividad antimicrobiana en bacterias y hongos por el método modificado de pozos de agar, la citotoxicidad sobre células BHK-21 por el método de bromuro de 3-(4,5- dimetiltiazol-2-ilo)-2,5-difeniltetrazol (MTT) y la toxicidad sobre Artemia salina. Finalmente se determinó el efecto de los curcuminoides en células BHK-21 infectadas con dengue virus 2. Resultados: la curcumina presentó mayor punto de fusión (177,3 ºC-183,2 ºC). El espectro IR reveló los grupos funcionales característicos y el UV-vis indicó máximos de absorción para curcumina, demetoxicurcumina y bisdemetoxicurcumina de 419, 418 y 414 nm en cloroformo, respectivamente. El espectro de masas mostró m/z para C: 368, DMC: 338 y BDMC: 308. Se encontró actividad antimicrobiana frente a Staphylococcus aureus y Staphylococcus epidermidis, se determinó que BDMC presentó menor toxicidad y se evidenció mayor efecto inhibitorio sobre viriones infectivos de dengue con curcumina a 20 y 30 M. Conclusiones: la caracterización de los compuestos confirma su composición como polifenoles, lo cual se relaciona a la actividad biológica de éstos, encontrándose principalmente que la curcumina altera la infección por virus dengue en cultivo celular. Esta investigación confirma la importancia de los principios activos de plantas con amplio espectro farmacológico como C. longa(AU)


Introduction: Curcuma longa L. is a plant from the family Zingiberaceae distributed in tropical and subtropical regions and used in the food industry, in medicine and in cosmetics. Its main coloring substance is curcumin, a polyphenol with many medicinal properties. Objectives: Obtain, characterize chemically and evaluate the biological activity of three curcuminoids from C. longa grown in Quindío, Colombia. Methods: Three curcuminoids (curcumin (C), demethoxycurcumin (DMC) and bisdemethoxycurcumin BDMC) from the rhizome of the plant were purified in a dry state by column chromatography and characterized by fusion point, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, UV-vis spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi was evaluated by the modified agar well method, cytotoxicity to BHK-21 cells by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method, and toxicity against Artemia salina. Finally, determination was made of the effect of the curcuminoids in BHK-21 cells infected with dengue virus 2. Results: Curcumin had the highest fusion point (177.3 ºC-183.2 ºC). IR spectroscopy revealed the characteristic functional groups and UV-vis spectroscopy showed maximum absorption values for curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin of 419, 418 and 414 nm in chloroform, respectively. Mass spectrometry found that m/z values were C: 368, DMC: 338 and BDMC: 308. Antimicrobial activity was observed against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. BDMC was found to have lower toxicity. A greater inhibitory effect against infective dengue virions was observed with curcumin at 20 y 30 µM. Conclusions: Characterization of the compounds confirms their polyphenolic composition, which manifests in their biological activity, mainly the capacity of curcumin to alter infection by dengue virus in cell cultures. The study corroborated the importance of the active principles of plants with a wide pharmacological spectrum, such as C. longa(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Curcuma/drug effects , Products with Antimicrobial Action , Virion , Chromatography, Thin Layer/methods , Colombia
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50089

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma gondii infections occur throughout the world, and efforts are needed to develop various vaccine candidates expressing recombinant protein antigens. In this study, influenza matrix protein (M1) virus-like particles (VLPs) consisting of T. gondii rhoptry antigen 4 (ROP4 protein) were generated using baculovirus (rBV) expression system. Recombinant ROP4 protein with influenza M1 were cloned and expressed in rBV. SF9 insect cells were coinfected with recombinant rBVs expressing T. gondii ROP4 and influenza M1. As the results, influenza M1 VLPs showed spherical shapes, and T. gondii ROP4 protein exhibited as spikes on VLP surface under transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The M1 VLPs resemble virions in morphology and size. We found that M1 VLPs reacted with antibody from T. gondii-infected mice by western blot and ELISA. This study demonstrated that T. gondii ROP4 protein can be expressed on the surface of influenza M1 VLPs and the M1 VLPs containing T. gondii ROP4 reacted with T. gondii-infected sera, indicating the possibility that M1 VLPs could be used as a coating antigen for diagnostic and/or vaccine candidate against T. gondii infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baculoviridae , Blotting, Western , Clone Cells , Cloning, Organism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Influenza, Human , Insecta , Mice , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis , Virion
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109776

ABSTRACT

Bovine adenovirus type 3 (BAdV3) is being used in the development of potential vehicles for gene therapy and vectored vaccine. To that end, a more comprehensive description of BAdV3 biology is essential. In this study, we focused on the role of pIX in BAdV3 virion rescue after full-length BAdV3 genome transfection. Initially, pIX deletion or initiation codon mutation abolished the production of progeny virions, which suggested that pIX was essential for the rescue of BAdV3 containing a full-length genome. Moreover, through transfection of a panel of pIX mutant BAdV3 genomes, we observed that the conserved N-terminus and the putative leucine zipper element (PLZP) were essential for virion rescue, whereas the C-terminus following the coiled-coil domain was non-essential. In addition, swap of the PLZP element and its following region of BAdV3 pIX to corresponding domains of human adenovirus type 5 (HAdV5) did not affect virion production, whereas swap of the entire pIX abolished production of progeny virions. We suggest that failure of the full-length BAdV3 pIX swap might be due to species specificity of its N-terminus region before the PLZP element.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Adenoviruses, Human , Biology , Codon, Initiator , Genetic Therapy , Genome , Genome, Viral , Leucine Zippers , Species Specificity , Transfection , Virion
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115772

ABSTRACT

Rabies remains an important worldwide health problem. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) was developed as a vaccine vector in animals by using a reverse genetics approach. Previously, our group generated a recombinant NDV (LaSota strain) expressing the complete rabies virus G protein (RVG), named rL-RVG. In this study, we constructed the variant rL-RVGTM, which expresses a chimeric rabies virus G protein (RVGTM) containing the ectodomain of RVG and the transmembrane domain (TM) and a cytoplasmic tail (CT) from the NDV fusion glycoprotein to study the function of RVG's TM and CT. The RVGTM did not detectably incorporate into NDV virions, though it was abundantly expressed at the surface of infected BHK-21 cells. Both rL-RVG and rL-RVGTM induced similar levels of NDV virus-neutralizing antibody (VNA) after initial and secondary vaccination in mice, whereas rabies VNA induction by rL-RVGTM was markedly lower than that induced by rL-RVG. Though rL-RVG could spread from cell to cell like that in rabies virus, rL-RVGTM lost this ability and spread in a manner similar to the parental NDV. Our data suggest that the TM and CT of RVG are essential for its incorporation into NDV virions and for spreading of the recombinant virus from the initially infected cells to surrounding cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibody Formation , Cytoplasm , Glycoproteins , GTP-Binding Proteins , Humans , Mice , Newcastle disease virus , Newcastle Disease , Parents , Rabies virus , Rabies , Reverse Genetics , Tail , Vaccination , Virion
12.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(8): 532-534, Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788996

ABSTRACT

Zika virus (ZIKV) has infected thousands of Brazilian people and spread to other American countries since 2015. The introduction of ZIKV brought a strong impact to public health in Brazil. It is of utmost importance to identify a susceptible cell line that will enable the isolation and identification of the virus from patient samples, viral mass production, and testing of drug and vaccine candidates. Besides real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction diagnosis for detecting the viral genome, virus isolation in cell lines was useful in order to study the structure of the viral particle and its behaviour inside cells. Analysis of ZIKV infected cell lines was achieved using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Blood was obtained from a Brazilian patient during the first days after presenting with signs of the disease, and ZIKV from the patient’s blood was isolated in the C6/36 mosquito cell line. Afterwards, Vero cells were inoculated with the viral suspension, fixed six days after inoculation, embedded in polymers, and ultra-thin cut. Like dengue viruses, this flavivirus showed numerous virus particles present inside cellular vesicles thereby confirming the susceptibility of the Vero cell line to ZIKV replication. TEM is a unique technique available to make the virus visible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Virion/ultrastructure , Zika Virus/ultrastructure , Cell Culture Techniques , Chlorocebus aethiops , Genome, Viral , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vero Cells , Virus Replication
13.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 93-100, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296211

ABSTRACT

Baculoviruses are a family of arthropod-specific viruses that produce two morphologically distinct types of virions (budded and occlusion-derived) in their lifecycle. Baculoviruses establish infection in the midgut of their host via the oral route: occlusion-derived virions have pivotal roles in these processes. This review summarizes the basic characteristics of baculoviruses, and discusses the composition and classification of baculovirus occlusion-derived virions. The latter focuses mainly on the evolution and role of multiple occlusion-derived virions in the lifecycle of baculoviruses. These achievements should aid understanding the evolution and infection mechanisms of baculoviruses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baculoviridae , Genetics , Physiology , Insecta , Virology , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Virion , Genetics , Physiology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221992

ABSTRACT

Turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) is a non-enveloped icosahedral virus composed of 20 kDa single coat proteins. In this study, we modified the TYMV coat protein (CP) ORF by inserting an oligonucleotide linker corresponding to T7, HSV, Tat, (Arg)9, or (RxR)4 peptide at the 5'-end of the CP ORF and examined its effect on replication, RNA packaging, and virion assembly. The results showed that the constructs containing (Arg)9 and (RxR)4 sequences were barely capable of replication. The TYMV constructs containing T7 and Tat peptide produced virions that co-migrated with wild-type virions. However, the insertion of T7 and Tat sequences impaired genomic RNA (gRNA) accumulation and packaging, respectively. When only the CP gene was expressed, CPs with (Arg)9 or (RxR)4 successfully produced virus-like particles whose mobility was comparable to that of wild type. In the case of CP having a HSV tag, the virion band was not detected, although a sufficient amount of CP was produced. This indicates that CP with the HSV tag failed to assemble into virions. Overall, the results suggest that TYMV replication, RNA packaging and virion assembly are strongly influenced by the insertion sequence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brassica napus , Capsid Proteins , Ecthyma, Contagious , Product Packaging , RNA , Tymovirus , Virion
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30548

ABSTRACT

A dead dove was found on the road and submitted for diagnosis. The bird was severely emaciated, with deformation in its facial area. Grossly, white coalescing nodules were seen on the cut surface of the nasal cavity. Histopathologically, epithelial cells of the upper respiratory tract were markedly proliferated, with ballooning degeneration, down growth of the rete ridge, and large eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies. Parakeratotic hyperkeratosis and focal necrotic focus was present in the proliferative area. The facial bones showed partial bone resorption. Transmission electron microscopy revealed numerous viral particles in epithelial cells with dumbbell-shaped bodies, consistent with poxvirus.


Subject(s)
Birds , Bone Resorption , Columbidae , Diagnosis , Eosinophils , Epithelial Cells , Facial Bones , Inclusion Bodies , Microscopy, Electron , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Nasal Cavity , Respiratory System , Turtles , Virion
16.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(1): 279-283, 05/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748263

ABSTRACT

Bovine Herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) is a member of Gammaherpesvirinae sub-family and belongs to genus Rhadinovirus. This virus has been associated with different clinical manifestations and research activity has put forward a strong correlation among virus infection, postpartum metritis, and abortion. The goal of this work was to characterize a virus strain isolate from a cow’s uterine outflow. From swabs drawn of uterine secretion, a virus strain was isolated and characterized by its cytopathology, morphology, and molecular biology approaches. In culture there was CPE development, characterized mainly by long strands with several small balloons along them, radiated from infected cells. Electron microscopy analysis revealed virus particles that had icosahedrical capsid symmetry surrounded by a loose envelope, typical of a herpesvirus. A 2,571 bp PCR product after HindIII digestion generated four fragments, whose base pair composition were 403, 420, 535, and 1,125 bp. Restriction enzymes HindIII and BamHI generated the expected diagnostic bands as well as a 2,350 bp hypermolar fragment as a result of BamHI treatment to demonstrate that agent was a bovine herpesvirus 4, appertaining to DN-599 group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Cattle Diseases/virology , Herpesviridae Infections/veterinary , /classification , /isolation & purification , Tumor Virus Infections/veterinary , Brazil , Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral , DNA, Viral/genetics , DNA, Viral/metabolism , Exudates and Transudates/virology , Herpesviridae Infections/virology , /genetics , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Tumor Virus Infections/virology , Uterus/pathology , Uterus/virology , Virus Cultivation , Virion/ultrastructure
17.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 601-606, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296241

ABSTRACT

Atomic force microscopy (AFM), as a sophisticated imaging tool with nanoscale resolution, is widely used in virus research and the application of functional viral particles. To investigate single viruses by AFM in a physiologically relevant environment (liquid), an appropriate surface treatment to properly adhere the viruses to the substrate is essential. Here we discuss hydrophobic treated glass coverslips as a suitable substrate for the adhesion of single adenovirus particle (Adenovirus type 5 F35, Ad5F35) when studied with AFM in liquid. From the high resolution AFM images, the orientation of the adhered virus particles can be distinguished. Furthermore, the particles exhibit the expected height of -90 nm. This illustrates that the viruses adhere to the substrate firmly without large deformations. Hence, the described method works well on (fragile) viruses. The described experimental approach can be widely used for AFM studies in liquid of virus structure and mechanics as well as for investigating the interaction of viruses with cellular receptors.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Chemistry , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Methods , Virion , Chemistry
18.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 629-633, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296237

ABSTRACT

To prepare virus-like particles containing FluA/B mRNA as RNA standard and control in Influenza RNA detection, the genes coding the coat protein and maturase of E. coli bacteriophage MS2 were amplified and cloned into D-pET32a vector. Then we inserted 6 histidines to MS2 coat protein by QuikChange Site-Directed Mutagenesis Kit to construct the universal expressing vector D-pET32a-CP-His. In addition, the partial gene fragments of FluA and FluB were cloned to the down-stream of expressing vector. The recombinant plasmid D-pET32a-CP-His-FluA/B was transformed to BL21 with induction by IPTG. The virus-like particles were purified by Ni+ chromatography. The virus-like particles can be detected by RT-PCR, but not PCR. They can be conserved stably for at least 3 months at both 4 degrees C and -20 degrees C. His-tagged virus-like particles are more stable and easier to purification. It can be used as RNA standard and control in Influenza virus RNA detection.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Influenza A virus , Genetics , Metabolism , Influenza B virus , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Viral , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Ribonucleases , Chemistry , Virion , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 209-216, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280271

ABSTRACT

The rabies virus (RABV) is an enveloped RNA virus. It mainly damages the central nervous system and causes anencephaly in mammals and humans. There is now compelling evidence that enveloped virions released from infected cells can carry many host proteins, some of which may play an important part in viral replication. Several host proteins have been reported to be incorporated into RABV particles. However, a systematic study to reveal the proteomics of RABV particles has not been conducted. In the present study, after virus culture and purification by sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation, a proteomics approach was used to analyze the protein composition of purified RABV particles to understand the molecular mechanisms of virus-cell interactions. Fifty host proteins, along with five virus-encoded structural proteins, were identified in purified RABV particles. These proteins could be classified into ten categories according to function: intracellular trafficking (14%), molecular chaperone (12%), cytoskeletal (24%), signal transduction (8%), transcription regulation (12%), calcium ion-binding (6%), enzyme binding (6%), metabolic process (2%), ubiquitin (2%) and other (14%). Of these, four proteins (beta-actin, p-tubulin, Cofilin, Hsc70) were validated by western blotting to be present in purified RABV particles. This novel study of the composition of host proteins in RABV particles may aid investigation of the mechanism of RABV replication.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Proteomics , Rabies , Genetics , Metabolism , Virology , Rabies virus , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Viral Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Virion , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 245-250, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280266

ABSTRACT

To explore a new method for stable expression of virus-like particles (VLPs) of the severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) virus, an expression plasmid for the membrane glycoprotein (GP) and nucleocapsid protein (NP) of the SFTS virus was constructed by fusion of the two proteins via a serine residue, and a yellow fluorescence protein (YFP) gene was introduced into the plasmid as a reporter. CHO-K1 cells were transfected with this plasmid, and stable cell lines constructed using the limited dilution method. Cellular colonies were hand-picked based on YFP with the help of fluorescence microscopy and expanded without selection pressure. Stability of cell lines was evaluated by monitoring of fluctuation of the intensity of YFP for 40 passages. VLP production was characterized using an indirect fluorescence assay, immunoblotting, and electronic microscopy. We showed that GP and NP fusion proteins could be assembled into VLPs in vivo, and that VLPs had similar morphologies to virus particles. Selected cell lines were stable for YFP expression: no significant fluctuation was detected in 40 passages. These data demonstrated the effectiveness of this new method for expression of structural proteins of the SFTS virus and screening for stable cell lines. Our results could provide new concepts for the production of biopharmaceuticals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bunyaviridae Infections , Virology , CHO Cells , Cloning, Molecular , Methods , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Gene Expression , Phlebovirus , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Genetics , Metabolism , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Virion , Genetics , Metabolism , Virus Assembly
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL