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1.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 766-776, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the effect of hydrogel loaded with exosomes from Wharton's Jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cell (WJMSC) on wound healing.@*METHODS@#Exosomes were extracted from WJMSC, and the morphology and size of WJMSC-derived exosomes (WEX) were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy and nanoparticle size analyzer, respectively. The surface markers CD9, CD81, and Calnexin of WEX were detected by Western blotting. Exosome-loaded alginate hydrogel (WEX-gel) was prepared; its morphology was studied by scanning electron microscope, and its rheological behavior was examined by a rheometer. The in vitro drug release performance of WEX-gel was investigated by BCA method. RAW264.7 cells were treated with alginate hydrogel, WEX and WEX-gel, respectively; and the expression of CD86 and CD206 in macrophages was detected by flow cytometry. A full-thickness skin wound model was established in mice; the model mice were randomly divided into blank control group, WEX control group and WEX-gel group, and PBS, WEX and WEX-gel were applied to the wound area of mice, respectively. On day 3, the skin tissue of mice was excised, and the antibacterial effect of WEX hydrogel was evaluated by plate counting. On day 15, the mice were euthanized and the percentage of residual wounds was calculated. The histological changes of the skin wound were observed after hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson stainings. The expression of CD86, CD206, CD31 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the skin wound tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Exosomes were successfully extracted from WJMSC. WEX-gel presented a regular three-dimensional network structure, good rheology and controlled drug release performance. WEX-gel promoted the polarization of RAW264.7 cells from the M1 phenotype to M2 phenotype in vitro. The residual wound percentage in blank control group, WEX control group and WEX-gel group were (27.5±3.4)%, (15.3±1.2)% and (7.6±1.1)%, respectively (P<0.05). The antibacterial property of WEX-gel is better than that of WEX (P<0.05). The dermis thickness, the number of new hair follicles, and the rate of collagen deposition in the WEX-gel group were significantly higher than those in the other two groups (all P<0.05). The expression of CD206, CD31 and VEGF in skin wound tissue was higher and the expression of CD86 was lower in WEX-gel group than those in other two groups (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#WEX-gel can significantly promote wound healing in mice by regulating the polarization of macrophages.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Wharton Jelly , Exosomes , Hydrogels , Wound Healing/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Alginates
2.
NOVA publ. cient ; 20(3): [17], 2022 enero-junio. gráficos, mapas, tablas e ilustraciones
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397023

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. Las células madre mesenquimales han generado interés en la ingeniería de tejidos, debido a sus propiedades proliferativas y capacidad de reparación de tejidos, sin embargo, para un trasplante exitoso, es necesario aumentar el número de células mediante un cultivo in-vitro. Durante este proceso la capacidad proliferativa disminuye, provocando cambios en la morfología y funcionalidad celular y afectando la viabilidad del cultivo, este estado se conoce como senescencia celular y como posibles causales, se ha considerado el estrés oxidativo y la falta de factores de crecimiento. Objetivos: Evaluar el efecto de FGF-2 sobre la senescencia de un cultivo de células madre mesenquimales aisladas de gelatina de Wharton y su papel en la regulación del estrés oxidativo. Metodología. Se añadieron dosis de 3,5 y 7,5 ng de FGF-2 al cultivo. Durante los pasajes 5 y 7, se estimó tanto la senescencia celular como la presencia de ROS (especies reactivas de oxígeno). Resultados.Se obtuvo en el pasaje 5, una diferencia significativa del 99,5% entre el control (+) con respecto a los tratamientos con FGF-2, sin embargo, en el pasaje 7 se observó un aumento en la producción de la enzima ß-galactosidasa y cambios morfológicos, confirmando un estado senescente en el cultivo en todos los tratamientos evaluados. Conclusión. Las dosis utilizadas en este estudio contribuyeron positivamente a disminuir el proceso senescente en el cultivo celular, además se determinó, que el FGF-2 puede prolongar el tiempo de cultivo, retardando parcialmente la concentración de especies reactivas de oxígeno


AbstractIntroduction. Mesenchymal stem cells have been generated interest in tissue engineering, due to their proliferative properties and tissue repair capacity, however, for a successful transplant process, it is necessary to increase the number of cells in a culture expansion process. During this process the proliferative capacity is limited, causing changes in cell morphology and functionality affecting the viability of the culture, this state is known as cell senescence. Oxidative stress and deregulation of growth factors are considered as reasons. Aims. To evaluate the effect of FGF-2 on the senescence of a mesenchymal stem cells culture isolated from Wharton ́s jelly and its role in the regulation of oxidative stress. Methodology: 3,5 and 7,5 ng doses of FGF-2 were added to the culture medium from passage 2, then the senescence of the culture was evaluated and the presence of reactive oxygen species was determined during passages 5 and 7. Results. We observed that in passage 5, there is a significant difference 99.5% between the control (+) concerning the FGF-2 treatments, however, in passage 7, an increase in the production of the enzyme ß-galactosidase was observed and changes in morphology such as: increase in size and elongated shape of the cell, confirming a senescent state on the culture in all the treatments evaluated. Conclusion. The doses used in this study contributed positively to decrease this process in a cell culture, also, the FGF- 2 can prolong the cultivation time, partially decreasing the concentration of reactive oxygen species


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Wharton Jelly
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 171-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928501

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) secrete various cytokines with angiogenic and neuroprotective effects. This study aimed to assess the effects of human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived MSCs (hWJ-MSCs) on diabetes-related intracavernosal pressure (ICP) impairment in rats. hWJ-MSCs were isolated from human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly and transplanted into the corpus cavernosum of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats by unilateral injection. The erectile function was evaluated at 4 weeks, as well as the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1). STZ-induced diabetic rats showed impaired ICP, which was significantly improved by hWJ-MSC treatment. VEGF, eNOS, IGF1, and bFGF expression levels were higher in hWJ-MSC injection sites than those in control ones in STZ-induced diabetic rats. These results suggest that hWJ-MSC transplantation might improve diabetic erectile dysfunction through increased production of paracrine growth factors, highlighting a novel potential therapeutic option for erectile dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/therapy , Erectile Dysfunction/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Umbilical Cord , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Wharton Jelly
4.
s.l; s.n; 29 maio 2020. 26 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | BRISA, LILACS, PIE | ID: biblio-1099466

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 13 artigos e 13 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Renin-Angiotensin System , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Zinc/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Wharton Jelly , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Atazanavir Sulfate/therapeutic use , Sofosbuvir/therapeutic use , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
5.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 145-147, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766005

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Constriction, Pathologic , Fetal Death , Hair , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 327-334, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) by immunomagnetic bead screening from Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stromal cells(WJ-MSCs), and explore transplantation of Muse cell for safety and effectivensess of sub acute cord injury in rats.@*METHODS@#Donated Wharton's Jelly-mesenchymal stromal cells (WJ-MSCs) were successfully derived from a human umbilical cord by a series of procedures namely physical isolation of Wharton's Jelly from cord membrane, collagenase and trypsin treatment and density gradient centrifugation. Magnetic activated cell sorting was performed to specifically select SSEA3+ Muse cells, and flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry were used to identify further. In vivo, spinal cord contusion injury model in rats was induced by NYU-III impactor, and were randomly divided and equally into four groups, namely group A (sham), group B (control), group C (Non-Muse cells transplantation) and group D (Muse cells transplantation). Laminectomy was conducted in group A but no spinal cord contusion injury. Laminectomy and cord injury were performed in group B, C and D, 10 g trip rod was freely falling down from 12.5 mm. Two weeks later, group B, C and D were received PBS injection, Non-Muse cells transplantation and Muse cells transplantation respectively, four-point injection were performed in each cord with totally 4×10⁵ cells. BBB scores were evaluated on 1 day, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 week after injury. Four weeks after cell transplantation, the rats were sacrificed, and immunohistochemistry were carried out to observe survival, migration and differentiation of the injected cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression of CD105, CD90 and CD73 were over 99.5% in the derived WJ-MSCs population, but CD45 and CD14 were lower than 0.5%, positive rate of SSEA3+ was 1.46% under flow cytometer, However, after MACS sorting, the percentage of 92.0% Muse cells expressed SSEA3 and CD105, and immunohistochemistry results of SSEA3 showed typically membrane morphology with special processes. In vivo, BBB scores was 21 in group A at different time points. One-way ANOVA and LSD analysis showed that BBB scores in group C and D were significantly higher than that in group B (=0.004, 0.002), but there was no significantly difference between group C and D. Further intra-group paired t test showed that BBB score was significantly higher at 4 weeks than that 3 weeks in group C (=0.005). However, in group D, BBB scores were significantly higher at 4 and 6 week than those at 3 and 5 weeks, values were 0.005 and 0.016 respectively. Immunohistochemistry results showed that both Muse cells and Non-Muse cells could survive for 4 weeks in rats and they migrated from the four-point injection to injury site. But there showed more Muse cells survival than Non-Muse cells in the cord.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immunomagnetic bead screening is efficient to select large number of purified SSEA3+ Muse cells. Muse cells could survive and target-migrate in injured cord to improve BBB scores continuously. Muse cells are a novel kind of seed cells in the spinal cord injury treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Alprostadil , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Spinal Cord Injuries , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
7.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 218-226, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764080

ABSTRACT

Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (WJ-MSCs) are a class of stem cells with high differentiative potential, an immuno-privileged status and easy access for collection, which raise no legal or ethical issues. WJ-MSCs exhibit several features of embryonic stem cells, both in the phenotypic and genetic aspects, with only a few differences, such as a shorter doubling time and a more extensive ex vivo expansion capacity. WJ-MSCs have immunomodulatory properties, involving both innate and adaptive immune responses. This review focuses on the role of WJ-MSCs in the management of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), a life-threatening complication of the allogenic transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells. Different studies documented the beneficial effect of the infusion of WJ-MSCs, even when not fully HLA identical, in patients with severe GvHD, refractory to standard treatment. Finally, we summarized current ongoing clinical trials with WJ-MSCs and their potential in regenerative medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Embryonic Stem Cells , Ethics , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Immunomodulation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
8.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 161-175, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761894

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lonocyte-derived multipotential cells (MOMCs) include progenitors capable of differentiation into multiple cell lineages and thus represent an ideal autologous transplantable cell source for regenerative medicine. In this study, we cultured MOMCs, generated from mononuclear cells of peripheral blood, on the surface of nanocomposite thin films. METHODS: For this purpose, nanocomposite Poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL)-based thin films containing either 2.5 wt% silica nanotubes (SiO2ntbs) or strontium hydroxyapatite nanorods (SrHAnrds), were prepared using the spin-coating method. The induced differentiation capacity of MOMCs, towards bone and endothelium, was estimated using flow cytometry, real-time polymerase chain reaction, scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy after cells' genetic modification using the Sleeping Beauty Transposon System aiming their observation onto the scaffolds. Moreover, Wharton's Jelly Mesenchymal Stromal Cells were cultivated as a control cell line, while Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells were used to strengthen and accelerate the differentiation procedure in semi-permeable culture systems. Finally, the cytotoxicity of the studied materials was checked with MTT assay. RESULTS: The highest differentiation capacity of MOMCs was observed on PCL/SiO2ntbs 2.5 wt% nanocomposite film, as they progressively lost their native markers and gained endothelial lineage, in both protein and transcriptional level. In addition, the presence of SrHAnrds in the PCL matrix triggered processes related to osteoblast bone formation. CONCLUSION: To conclude, the differentiation of MOMCs was selectively guided by incorporating SiO2ntbs or SrHAnrds into a polymeric matrix, for the first time.


Subject(s)
Autografts , Beauty , Cell Line , Cell Lineage , Durapatite , Endothelium , Flow Cytometry , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Nanocomposites , Nanotubes , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Polymers , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Regenerative Medicine , Silicon Dioxide , Strontium , Wharton Jelly
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4085, 15/01/2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the potency of fibroblast cells proliferation in 12.5% and 25% Culture Media Conditioned Warton's Jelly (CMCWJ) and Advanced Platelet Rich Fibrin (A-PRF) cultured medium. Material and Methods: Fibroblast cells were divided into five groups: Group I (Control Group): serum-starved fibroblast without any treatment as a negative control; Group II: fibrolast that supplemented in 12.5% CMCWJ medium; Group III: fibrolast that supplemented 12.5% A-PRF medium; Group IV: fibrolast that supplemented 25% CMCWJ medium, and Group V: fibrolast that supplemented 25% A-PRF medium. The fibroblasts proliferation was counted by an automated cell counter. Statistical analysis was performed using One-way ANOVA and Post hoc Tamhane test was conducted to analyze the potential fibroblast proliferation differences in different concentration of CMCWJ and A-PRF group. Results: There were no significant differences in the fibroblast cell proliferation between GI and GIV, GII and GIV, GII and GIII, GII and GV, also GIV and GV. There were significant differences between GI and GII, GI and GIII, GI and GV, also GIII and GIV. Conclusion: The 12.5% CMCWJ group, 12.5% A-PRF group and 25% A-PRF group has excellent potential ability of fibroblast cells proliferation, meanwhile 25% CMCWJ group has the lowest mean potency of fibroblast cells proliferation compared to other groups. The 12.5% A-PRF Group has the highest mean of fibroblast cell proliferation amongst other groups.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Wharton Jelly/pathology , Fibroblasts/pathology , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Indonesia
10.
Medicina (Bogotá) ; 40(1(120)): 161-161, Ene-Mar, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-910270

ABSTRACT

El uso incremental de células estromales mesenquimales (CEM) para regeneración tisular y su potencial para el manejo de enfermedades de origen inflamatorio dadas sus propiedades inmunomodulatorias, está garantizado a corto plazo. Sin embargo existe un vacío relaciona-do con los mecanismos celulares y moleculares implicados en el proceso inmunomodulatorio por parte de las CEM de gelatina de Wharton (GW). Este estudio evalúa el efecto de las CEM-GW sobre la regulación y función del fenotipo del macrófago en ambientes inflamato-rios. Se realizaron ensayos con células mononucleares de sangre periférica (PBMCs) (N=4) o con la células CD3+ (N=3), estimuladas con anti-CD3/CD28/CD2, evaluando la inhibición de la proliferación de los linfocitos en co-cultivos con CEM-GW (N=3).


Subject(s)
Wharton Jelly , Macrophages
11.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 75-87, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742373

ABSTRACT

Umbilical cord (UC) is a discarded product from the operating theatre and a ready source of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). MSCs from UC express both embryonic and adult mesenchymal stem cell markers and are known to be hypoimmunogenic and non-tumorigenic and thus suitable for allogeneic cell transplantation. Our study aimed to determine the degree of immunotolerance and bone-forming capacity of osteodifferentiated human Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hWJ-MSCs) from different segments of UC in an allogenic setting. UCs were obtained from healthy donors delivering a full-term infant by elective Caesarean section. hWJ-MSCs were isolated from 3 cm length segment from the maternal and foetal ends of UCs. Three-dimensional fibrin constructs were formed and implanted intramuscularly into immunocompetent mice. The mice were implanted with 1) fibrin construct with maternal hWJ-MSCs, 2) fibrin construct with foetal hWJ-MSCs, or 3) fibrin without cells; the control group received sham surgery. After 1 month, the lymphoid organs were analysed to determine the degree of immune rejection and bone constructs were analysed to determine the amount of bone formed. A pronounced immune reaction was noted in the fibrin group. The maternal segment constructs demonstrated greater osteogenesis than the foetal segment constructs. Both maternal and foetal segment constructs caused minimal immune reaction and thus appear to be safe for allogeneic bone transplant. The suppression of inflammation may be a result of increased anti-inflammatory cytokine production mediated by the hWJ-MSC. In summary, this study demonstrates the feasibility of using bone constructs derived from hWJ-MSCs in an allogenic setting.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Female , Humans , Infant , Mice , Pregnancy , Bone Regeneration , Cell Transplantation , Cesarean Section , Fibrin , Inflammation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Tissue Donors , Tissue Engineering , Transplants , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
12.
VozAndes ; 28(1): 15-19, 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986802

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento quirúrgico tradicional para la gastrosquisis es el cierre primario de la pared abdominal, pero implica el riesgo de síndrome compartimental abdominal; mientras que el cierre abdominal escalonado con silo, conlleva un mayor tiempo de requerimiento de ventilador. Objetivo Describir la experiencia con el uso del parche de gelatina de Wharton, como una alternativa para el cierre de la pared abdominal en pacientes con gastrosquisis.. Métodos Estudio transversal de prevalencia. Resultados Seis recién nacidos (cinco de sexo femenino) con edad gestacional al nacimiento de 34.5 semanas [rango: 31-36 semanas] fueron intervenidos inmediatamente luego del nacimiento [rango: 180- 825 minutos], sin presentar complicaciones intraoperatorias y con un tiempo de ventilador que varió entre 0 y 72 horas. El inicio de nutrición por vía oral tuvo lugar en una mediana de 17 días, la duración de la nutrición parenteral fue de 30 días y la estadía hospitalaria de 45 días. No hubo casos de infección del sitio quirúrgico ni de otras complicaciones postoperatorias. Al momento del alta el resultado cosmético se consideró excelente. Conclusión El uso de parche de gelatina de Wharton es una solución sencilla para un problema grave y la técnica quirúrgica es fácilmente reproducible, ofreciendo buenos resultados clínicos y estéticos. Un estudio prospectivo en un mayor núm


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Gastroschisis , Wharton Jelly , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Abdominal Wall
13.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 443-452, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-655770

ABSTRACT

Both mature and stem cell-derived hepatocytes lost their phenotype and functionality under conventional culture conditions. However, the 3D scaffolds containing the main extracellular matrix constitutions, such as heparin, may provide appropriate microenvironment for hepatocytes to be functional. The current study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the differentiation capability of hepatocytes derived from human Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (WJ-MSCs) in 3D heparinized scaffold. In this case, the human WJ-MSCs were cultured on the heparinized and non-heparinized 2D collagen gels or within 3D scaffolds in the presence of hepatogenic medium. Immunostaining was performed for anti-alpha fetoprotein, cytokeratin-18 and -19 antibodies. RT-PCR was performed for detection of hepatic nuclear factor-4 (HNF-4), albumin, cytokeratin-18 and -19, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6P), c-met and Cyp2B. The results indicated that hepatogenic media induced the cells to express early liver-specific markers including HNF4, albumin, cytokeratin-18 and 19 in all conditions. The cells cultured on both heparinized culture conditions expressed late liver-specific markers such as G6P and Cyp2B as well. Besides, the hepatocytes differentiated in 3D heparinized scaffolds stored more glycogen that indicated they were more functional. Non-heparinized 2D gel was the superior condition for cholangiocyte differentiation as indicated by higher levels of cytokeratin 19 expression. In conclusion, the heparinized 3D scaffolds provided a microenvironment to mimic Disse space. Therefore, 3D heparinized collagen scaffold can be suggested as a good vehicle for hepatocyte differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies , Collagen , Collagen Type I , Constitution and Bylaws , Extracellular Matrix , Fetal Proteins , Gels , Glucose-6-Phosphatase , Glycogen , Heparin , Hepatocytes , Keratin-18 , Keratin-19 , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Phenotype , Wharton Jelly
14.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 48-59, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29541

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Whartons jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells are a valuable alternative source that possess multipotent properties, easy to obtain and available in large scale compared to BMMSCs. We investigated the possibility of cardiac function improvement post isoproterenol induced cardiac injury in a rat model following human WJMSCs transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MSCs were extracted and cultured from cord WJ, characterized by morphology, Immunophenotyping and differentiation to osteoblast and adipocytes. WJMSCs were labeled with PKH2 linker dye. Wistar rats were divided into control group, ISO group (injected with 2 doses of isoproterenol) to induce myocardial injury and ISO group transplanted with labelled WJMSCs. ECG, electrocardiographic patterns, cardiac marker enzymes, tracing of labeled MSCs and immunohistochemical analysis of myocardial cryosections were studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: WJ derived MSCs were expanded for more than 14 passages while maintaining their un-differentiated state, were positive for MSC markers and were able to differentiate into adipocyte and osteoblast. We demonstrated that intravenously administered WJMSCs were capable of homing predominently in the ischemic myocardium. Cardiac markers were positively altered in stem cell treated group compared to ISO group. ECG and ECHO changes were improved with higher survival rate. WJMSCs could differentiate into cardiac-like cells (positive for cardiac specific proteins) in vivo. WJMSCs infusion promoted cardiac protection and reduced mortality, emphasizing a promising therapeutic role for myocardial insufficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipocytes , Electrocardiography , Immunophenotyping , Isoproterenol , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Models, Animal , Mortality , Myocardium , Osteoblasts , Rats, Wistar , Rodentia , Stem Cells , Survival Rate , Transplantation , Wharton Jelly
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(supl.1): 79-88, June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-798013

ABSTRACT

The mammalian Wharton's jelly of umbilical cord (WJUC) is a promising source of multipotent cells, providing advantages due to ethical implications, ease of collection and the absence of teratomas in pre-clinical trials. Ovine multipotent cells have already been isolated from various tissues, however there are no reports using umbilical cords in this species. This study aimed to investigate the best medium to transport the umbilical cord, to isolate and maintain ovine WJUC cells and to compare in vitro growth and mesodermal differentiation potential. Eight ovine umbilical cords were obtained during parturition, sectioned and transported in six different media: MEM, low glucose DMEM, M199, RPMI 1640, PBS and saline. For each transportation medium, four culture media were used and the tissue was explanted in 24-well plates and cultured in MEM, low glucose DMEM, M199 and RPMI 1640, all with 10% FBS. Every experiment was conducted with low-passage (P2), investigating MTT viability during four days and adipogenic, chondrogenic and osteogenesis differentiation was induced in vitro. The most effective transport medium (p<0.1) was low glucose DMEM. There was no bacterial or fungal contamination from collection. Cells from Wharton's jelly of ovine umbilical cords collected at natural birth possess fibroblastic morphology and the capacity for in vitro differentiation into adipogenic, chondrogenic and osteogenic cell lines. MTT tests and in vitro differentiation experiments revealed that cell culture medium modulates the behavior of cells and is an important factor for proliferation and maintenance of multipotency. Low glucose DMEM was the most suitable medium for the isolation of cells from Wharton's jelly of ovine umbilical cord.(AU)


A geleia de Wharton do cordão umbilical (GWCU) de mamíferos é uma fonte promissora de células multipotentes, sendo vantajosa por aspectos éticos, facilidade de coleta e não causar teratomas em ensaios pré-clínicos. Em ovinos, células multipotentes já foram isoladas de vários tecidos, no entanto, não existem relatos do isolamento a partir do cordão umbilical nesta espécie. O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar o melhor meio para o transporte do cordão umbilical, isolar e manter as células da GWCU ovino em diferentes meios e comparar a proliferação e o potencial de diferenciação mesodermal in vitro. Oito cordões umbilicais foram obtidos, por ocasião do parto natural, seccionados e transportados em seis diferentes meios que consistiram em MEM, DMEM baixa glicose, M199, RPMI 1640, PBS e soro fisiológico. Para cada meio de transporte foram utilizados quatro meios de cultivo, sendo o tecido explantado em placas de 24 poços e cultivados em MEM, DMEM baixa glicose, M199 e RPMI 1640, todos com 10% SFB. Todo o experimento foi realizado em baixa passagem (P2) investigando viabilidade pelo MTT por quatro dias além da indução à diferenciação adipogênica, condrogênica e osteogênica in vitro. O meio de transporte mais efetivo (P<0,10) foi o DMEM baixa glicose. Não houve contaminações bacterianas ou fúngicas decorrentes da coleta. Células oriundas da geleia de Wharton do cordão umbilical ovino colhido por ocasião do parto natural possuem morfologia fibroblastóide e capacidade de diferenciação in vitro nas linhagens adipogênica, condrogênica e osteogênica. Os ensaios de MTT e diferenciação in vitro, revelaram que o meio de cultura celular modula o comportamento destas células, sendo um fator importante tanto para a proliferação como para a manutenção da multipotência, destacando o DMEM baixa glicose como o meio mais adequado para o transporte e isolamento de células da geleia de Wharton do cordão umbilical ovino.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Multipotent Stem Cells , Sheep , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly , Adipogenesis , Chondrogenesis , Osteogenesis
16.
IJMS-Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016; 41 (1): 28-36
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-175763

ABSTRACT

Background: Human Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells [HWJMSCs] express liver-specific markers such as albumin, alpha-fetoprotein, cytokeratin-19, cytokeratin-18, and glucose-6-phosphatase. Therefore, they can be considered as a good source for cell replacement therapy for liver diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of various culture systems on the hepatocyte-specific gene expression pattern of naive HWJMSCs


Methods: HWJMSCs were characterized as MSCs by detecting the surface CD markers and capability to differentiate toward osteoblast and adipocyte. HWJMSCs were cultured in 2D collagen films and 3D collagen scaffolds for 21 days and were compared to control cultures. Real time RT-PCR was used to evaluate the expression of liver-specific genes


Results: The HWJMSCs which were grown on non-coated culture plates expressed cytokeratin-18 and -19, alpha-fetoprotein, albumin, glucose-6-phosphatase, and claudin. The expression of the hepatic nuclear factor 4 [HNF4] was very low. The cells showed a significant increase in caludin expression when they cultured in 3D collagen scaffolds compared to the conventional monolayer culture and 2D collagen scaffold


Conclusion: Various culture systems did not influence on hepatocyte specific marker expression by HWJMSCs, except for claudin. The expression of claudin showed that 3D collagen scaffold provided the extracellular matrix for induction of the cells to interconnect with each other


Subject(s)
Humans , Wharton Jelly , Cells, Cultured , Cell Culture Techniques , Collagen , Tissue Scaffolds , Hepatocytes , Liver , Genes
17.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 44-52, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-196823

ABSTRACT

Understanding the mechanisms of vascular remodeling could lead to more effective treatments for ischemic conditions. We aimed to compare between the abilities of both human Wharton jelly derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and human cord blood endothelial progenitor cells (hEPCs) and CD34+ to induce angiogenesis in vitro. hMSCs, hEPCs, and CD34+ were isolated from human umbilical cord blood using microbead (MiniMacs). The cells characterization was assessed by flow cytometry following culture and real-time PCR for vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) to prove stem cells differentiation. The study revealed successful isolation of hEPCs, CD34+, and hMSCs. The hMSCs were identified by gaining CD29+ and CD44+ using FACS analysis. The hEPCs were identified by having CD133+, CD34+, and KDR. The potential ability of hEPCs and CD34+ to differentiate into endothelial-like cells was more than hMSCs. This finding was assessed morphologically in culture and by higher significant VEGFR2 and vWF genes expression (p<0.05) in differentiated hEPCs and CD34+ compared to differentiated hMSCs. hEPCs and CD34+ differentiation into endothelial-like cells were much better than that of hMSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fetal Blood , Flow Cytometry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Microspheres , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stem Cells , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , von Willebrand Factor , Wharton Jelly
18.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 155-169, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29883

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of three different cryoprotectants on basic stem cell characteristics for the possibility of using well defined, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and serum free freezing solutions to cryopreserve human Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) following controlled rate freezing protocol. METHODS: The mesenchymal stem cells isolated from human Wharton's jelly were cryopreserved using 10% DMSO, 10% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and a cocktail solution comprising of 0.05 M glucose, 0.05 M sucrose and 1.5 M ethylene glycol following controlled rate freezing protocol. We investigated the post-thaw cell viability, morphology, proliferation capacity, basic stem cell characteristics, in vitro differentiation potential and apoptosis-related gene expression profile before and after cryopreservation. RESULTS: The cryoprotectant 10% DMSO has shown higher post-thaw cell viability of 81.2+/-0.58% whereas 10% PVP and cocktail solution have shown 62.87+/-0.35% and 72.2+/-0.23%, respectively at 0 h immediately thawing. The cell viability was further reduced in all the cryopreserved groups at 24 h later post-thaw culture. Further, the complete elimination of FBS in cryoprotectants has resulted in drastic reduction in cell viability. Cryopreservation did not alter the basic stem cell characteristics, plasticity and multipotency except proliferation rate. The expression of pro-apoptotic BAX and p53 genes were higher whilst p21 was lower in all the cryopreserved groups when compare to the control group of WJMSCs. CONCLUSION: Although 10% DMSO has shown higher post-thaw cell viability compare to 10% PVP and cocktail solution, the present study indicates the feasibility of developing a well-defined DMSO free cryosolution which can improve storage and future broad range applications of WJMSCs in regenerative medicine without losing their basic stem cell characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Cryopreservation , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Ethylene Glycol , Freezing , Genes, p53 , Glucose , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Plastics , Povidone , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells , Sucrose , Transcriptome , Wharton Jelly
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 2014. [83] p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-747467

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO O câncer é uma das principais causas de morte no mundo, sendo responsável por cerca de 8 milhões de mortes por ano, segundo dados da OMS. As mortes por câncer são provocadas por tumores que se originam em órgãos como pulmão, fígado, estômago, intestino, mama e esôfago. As células-tronco mesenquimais (CTM) foram identificadas em vários órgãos e estudos da sua interação com células tumorais têm apresentado resultados indicando ação inibitória sobre alguns tipos de tumores. Para explorar essa questão foram analisados os efeitos sobre células tumorais de carcinoma hepatocelular humano (HepG-2) do meio condicionado (MC) obtido do cultivo de CTM isoladas de tecido adiposo (TA), líquido amniótico (LA) e geleia de Wharton (GW). MÉTODOS Os MCs foram coletados após 24 horas de incubação das CTM sub-confluentes com ?-MEM contendo 20% de soro fetal bovino (SFB). Os MCs foram centrifugados e passados através de filtros de 0,22 ?M e armazenadas a -20 °C. O MC da própria célula HepG-2 foi utilizado como controle. Os efeitos dos MCs sobre a proliferação de células HepG-2 foram testados por ensaio MTT, em várias concentrações após 24 h de incubação. O ciclo celular de células HepG-2 tratadas com MC a 25%, 50% ou 75% foi analisado por citometria de fluxo (coloração IP) utilizando o software Modfit LT. A expressão dos genes bcl-2, bcl-6, CCND1 foi analisada por RT-PCR. A proliferação celular foi avaliada pela expressão das proteínas survivina, Bcl-2, PCNA e Ki-67 e pela quantificação de mitocôndrias com corante MitoTracker, assim como pelo potencial de membrana mitocondrial por corante JC-1 Mitoscreen utilizando equipamento de high content analysis. RESULTADOS Os meios condicionados de células-tronco de tecido adiposo (MC-TA) não alteraram a proliferação de células tumorais HepG-2 e os meios condicionados de células-tronco de líquido amniótico (MC-LA) e de geleia de Wharton (MC-GW) provocam aumento da proliferação, confirmada pela contagem de células com núcleos...


INTRODUCTION Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for about 8 million deaths per year, according to WHO data. Cancer deaths are caused by tumors that originate in organs such as lung, liver, stomach, bowel, breast and esophagus. The mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been identified in many organs and studies of their interaction with tumor cells have shown results indicating an inhibitory effect on some types of tumors. To explore this question the effects of the conditioned medium (CM) obtained from mesenchymal stem cell isolated from adipose tissue (AT), amniotic fluid (AF) and Wharton jelly (WJ) on tumor cells of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG-2) were analyzed. METHODS The MSC CM was collected after 24 hours incubation of sub confluent MSC with ?-MEM containing 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS). The MSC CM were centrifuged and passed through 0.22 ?M filter and stored at -20° C. The CM of HepG-2 cell itself was used as control. The effects of contrast media on proliferation of HepG-2 cells were tested by MTT assay at various concentrations after 24 h of incubation. The cell cycle HepG-2 cells treated with CM at 25%, 50% or 75% was analyzed by flow cytometry (PI staining) using Modfit software LT. The expression of the genes Bcl-2, Bcl-6, CCND1 was analyzed by RT-PCR. Cell proliferation was assessed by the expression of survivin, Bcl-2, Ki-67 and PCNA proteins, and the quantization of mitochondrial by MitoTracker dye, as well as the mitochondrial membrane potential by JC-1 Mitoscreen dye using high content analysis equipment. RESULTS The conditioned media of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from adipose tissue (AT-CM) did not alter the proliferation of tumor HepG-2 cells and conditioned media of MSC cells from amniotic fluid (AF-CM) and Wharton jelly (WJ-CM) caused increased proliferation, confirmed by counting cells with nuclei stained with Hoechst 33342. The cell cycle analysis showed that exposure of HepG-2 cells to AF-CM...


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Amniotic Fluid , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Culture Media, Conditioned , Stem Cells , Wharton Jelly
20.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 118-126, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are adult stem cells which identified by adherence to plastic, expression of cell surface markers including CD44, CD90, CD105, CD106, CD166, and Stro-1, lack of the expression of hematopoietic markers, no immunogenic effect and replacement of damaged tissues. These properties led to development of progressive methods to isolation and characterization of MSCs from various sources for therapeutic applications in regenerative medicine. METHODS: We isolated MSC-like cells from testis biopsies, ovary, hair follicle and umbilical cord Wharton's jelly and investigated the expression of specific cell surface antigens using flow cytometry in order to verify stemness properties of these cells. RESULTS: All four cell types adhered to plastic culture flask a few days after primary culture. All our cells positively expressed common MSC-specific cell surface markers. Moreover, our results revealed the expression of CD19and CD45 antigens in these cells. CONCLUSION: According to our results, high expression of CD44 in spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs),granulosa cells (GCs)and Wharton's jelly-MSCs (WJ-MSCs)may help them to maintain stemness properties. Furthermore, we suggest that CD105+SSCs, HFSCs and WJ-MSCs revealed the osteogenic potential of these cells. Moreover, high expression of CD90 in SSCs and HFSCs may associate to higher growth and differentiation potential of these cells. Further, the presence of CD19 on SSCs and GCs may help them to efficiency in response to transmembrane signals. Thus, these four types of MSCs may be useful in clinical applications and cell therapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult Stem Cells , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Antigens, Surface , Biopsy , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Flow Cytometry , Hair Follicle , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Ovary , Plastics , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells , Testis , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
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