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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928781

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Primary lung squamous carcinoma that produces alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is rare and only four related cases have been reported so far. The specific reasons for elevated serum level of AFP and effective treatment regimens for AFP-producing lung squamous carcinoma are not clear. This paper reports the diagnosis and treatment of AFP-producing lung squamous carcinoma so as to provide some references for similar cases in clinical practice.@*METHODS@#The diagnosis and treatment of an AFP-producing lung squamous carcinoma patient admitted to the Shandong Cancer Hospital on October 23, 2020 was retrospectively analyzed, and literatures were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#A 52-year-old male patient was diagnosed as T4N3M0 stage, IIIc right upper lobe lung squamous cell carcinoma with mediastinal lymph node metastasis and multiple metastases in the lung. The main tumor marker was abnormally increased serum AFP. After the rapid progression of two lines chemotherapy, the patient was given anlotinib combined with carrizumab as third-line treatment. The efficacy evaluation reached to partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD) after 2 and 4 cycles of treatment, respectively. The treatment regimen was replaced with albumin paclitaxel plus carrizumab due to gastrointestinal bleeding after the fifth cycle. The patient's condition was under continuous control.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The AFP-producing lung squamous carcinoma patient had a good response to anlotinib and immunotherapy in the case report, which may provide some guidances for the clinical practice and the research on AFP-producing lung squamous carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/drug therapy , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , alpha-Fetoproteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3042-3060, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921405

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths and the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Clinically therapeutic options for HCC are very limited, and the overall survival rate of patients is very low. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of HCC have important impact on overall survival of patients. At present, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is one of the most widely used serological markers for HCC. Many evidences have shown that as a specific onco-protein, AFP has great research value in the occurrence, development, diagnosis and treatment of HCC. Here, we briefly introduce the molecular mechanism of AFP in the regulation of HCC occurrence and development, and its role in tumor escape from immune surveillance. We focus on the application of AFP as an important HCC target or carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) in HCC clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Early Detection of Cancer , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , alpha-Fetoproteins
3.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(3): e1227, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138978

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La malformación congénita es una alteración estructural de un órgano o parte de este, que sucede como consecuencia de una alteración durante la morfogénesis y que puede corresponder a defectos menores o mayores, únicos, múltiples o asilados. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínica y epidemiológicamente los defectos congénitos del tracto genitourinario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo en 453 fetos con diagnóstico por ecografía bidimensional de defecto congénito del tracto genitourinario. Para ello se tomó en cuenta la edad materna y gestacional al diagnóstico, antecedentes personales y familiares de interés clínico genético y la conducta terapéutica según criterio médico. Los datos fueron procesados mediante el Programa Microsoft Excel 2010, aplicándoles el método porcentual y los resultados expuestos en forma de tablas. Resultados: El 75,27 por ciento de las anomalías se presentaron en gestantes con edad materna entre 20 y 34 años. El 62,6 por ciento de los defectos fueron diagnosticados en el segundo trimestre del embarazo, con predominio del sexo masculino en los fetos estudiados. La pielocaliectacia (27,3 por ciento) resultó la principal causa de evaluación inicial seguida de la hidronefrosis (26,2 por ciento). Hubo correlación entre el diagnóstico definitivo por ultrasonido y el resultado de la necropsia. Los casos en seguimiento no presentaron ninguna complicación y solo en nueve gestantes se registró interrupción anterior por defectos genitourinarios. Conclusiones: Se constató aumento progresivo del diagnóstico de anomalías congénitas del tracto genitourinario por años de estudio, las pielocaliectacias bilaterales resultaron la principal causa de evaluación inicial(AU)


Introduction: A congenital malformation is a structural alteration of an organ or part of it, which happens as a consequence of an alteration during morphogenesis and may correspond to minor or major, unique, multiple or isolated defects. Objective: To characterize, clinically and epidemiologically, the congenital defects of the genitourinary tract. Methods: A retrospective observational study was carried out in 453 fetuses diagnosed with a congenital defect of the genitourinary tract by using two-dimensional ultrasound. For this, we considered the maternal and gestational ages at diagnosis, personal and family history of clinical genetic interest, and therapeutic behavior according to medical criteria. The data was processed using the program Microsoft Excel 2010, applying the percentage method and the results presented in tables. Results: 75.27 percent of the anomalies occurred in pregnant women with maternal ages between 20 and 34 years. 62.6 percent of the defects were diagnosed at second trimester of pregnancy, with a predominance of the male sex in the studied fetuses. Pyelocaliectasis (27.3 percent) was the main cause of initial evaluation, followed by hydronephrosis (26.2 percent). There was a correlation between the definitive ultrasound diagnosis and the outcome of the autopsy. The follow-up cases did not present any complications and only nine pregnant women presented a previous interruption due to genitourinary defects. Conclusions: A progressive increase in the diagnosis of congenital anomalies of the genitourinary tract was verified for years of study. Bilateral pyelocaliectasis was the main cause of initial evaluation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urogenital Abnormalities , Urogenital Abnormalities/epidemiology , Urogenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , alpha-Fetoproteins/chemistry , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
4.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 35(2): 66-75, Jul.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1120213

ABSTRACT

El hemangioendotelioma hepático del lactante es una patología rara y más aún que su forma de presentación tenga complicaciones graves y el paciente fallezca. Se presenta el caso clínico de una lactante menor de 3 meses de edad que ingresó al Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga con diagnóstico de intoxicación herbácea (hierbabuena) e íleo metabólico. La hepatomegalia fue el signo más llamativo en la exploración clínica asociado a valores elevados de alfafetoproteína sérica. Los hallazgos ecosonográficos y tomográficos reportaron múltiples lesiones redondeadas que impresionaron metástasis hepáticas. La paciente fallece a los 23 días de iniciada la enfermedad actual siendo el diagnóstico postmortem hemangioendotelioma cavernoso gigante hepático, Se concluye que en general el diagnóstico de esta enfermedad se puede plantear sin una confirmación histológica, particularmente en lactantes menores, cuando los hallazgos clínicos, analíticos e imagenológicos son muy sugestivos aun cuando hay excepciones como lo presentado en este caso clínico(AU)


Infantile hemangioendothelioma is a rare, usually benign, disease. We present a case of a 3-month-old infant who was admitted in the Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga with the diagnosis of herbaceous poisoning (peppermint) and metabolic ileus. Hepatomegaly was the most characteristic sign in clinical examination and was associated with elevated levels of alpha-fetoprotein. Echographic and tomographic findings revealed multiple rounded lesions that impressed liver metastases. The patient died 23 days after admission and the postmortem diagnosis showed giant hepatic cavernous hemangioendothelioma. Diagnosis of hemangioendothelioma usually can be done without histopathological confirmation, especially in infants, when clinical, laboratory and imaging features are very suggestive of this disease, however there are exceptions as the one presented in this case(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid/pathology , Hepatomegaly/etiology , Liver Neoplasms , Pediatrics , Tomography , Ultrasonography , Neoplasm Metastasis
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(7): 399-404, agosto 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1022114

ABSTRACT

PCOS is known now as an endocrine, metabolic, and chronic inflamatory disorder, with hyperandrogenemia, insulin resistance and obesity being the key factors that influence the expression and symptoms of the condition. Objective: To assess the level of alpha fetoprotein in PCOS women. Patients and method: A case control study conducted at Al-Elwyia. Teaching hospital when 200 women were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups: case group (100) patients with PCOS and control healthy group (100). The patient with PCOS women was diagnosed according to Roterdam criteria. Results: A total of 200 respondents and divided into 2 groups. The mean age of them (27.7 ± 2.3) years, highly significant association (P <0,001) were found between the age group especially (21-30) years in PCOS patients moreover highly significant association were found between the obese patient in PCOS than that in normal group (P<0.001). Betatrophin levels were significantly highly increases in patients than that in control group (P<0.001). Conclusion: the serum betatrophin level was significantly increased in patients with polycystic syndrome (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , alpha-Fetoproteins , Case-Control Studies , Hyperandrogenism , Patient Selection
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 629-633, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012332

ABSTRACT

Abstract Most patients with testicular germ cell tumor present with a painless scrotal mass. We report a 19-year-old patient who presented with neurological complains. Rapid clinical progression to coma was noted during the staging work up. A diagnosis of testicular mixed germ cell tumor with multiorgan metastasis (lymph node, lung, liver and brain) was made. Patients with brain metastasis should receive chemotherapy alone or combined with surgery or radiotherapy. Because the clinical symptoms deteriorated quickly, surgery was used upfront followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy for the brain tumor. After the first stage of treatment, the clinical symptoms, tumor markers and imaging findings were improved. The residual brain tumor was eliminated by chemotherapy, and only sparse degenerated tumor cells were noted in the brain tissue. Longer follow up is required to assess the impact of our treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Seizures/pathology , Testicular Neoplasms/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/secondary , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/secondary , Seizures/diagnostic imaging , Testicular Neoplasms/therapy , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Brain Neoplasms/therapy , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/therapy , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnostic imaging , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human/blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood
7.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 369-372, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763450

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancers that fulfill the Japanese criteria for curative endoscopic resection show a low risk of lymph node (LN) metastasis. Here, we report a case of LN metastasis from early gastric cancer that fulfilled the curative criteria. A 74-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our hospital for treatment of early gastric cancer identified at the site of a hyperplastic polyp that had been diagnosed 10 years prior to presentation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography did not show any lymphadenopathy and laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy was performed. Histopathological examination revealed a predominantly moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma that measured 15 mm in size and was confined to the mucosa. However, a single metastatic regional LN was observed. A few cancer cells showed positive staining for alpha-fetoprotein. It should be noted that early gastric cancer can be accompanied by LN metastasis even if it fulfills the criteria for curative endoscopic resection.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Aged , alpha-Fetoproteins , Asians , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Mucous Membrane , Neoplasm Metastasis , Polyps , Stomach Neoplasms
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763402

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer related death worldwide. Prognosis and treatment options largely depend on tumor stage at diagnosis, with curative treatments only available if detected at an early stage. However, two thirds of patients with HCC are diagnosed at a late stage and not eligible for cure. Therefore several liver professional societies recommend HCC surveillance using abdominal ultrasound with or without alpha fetoprotein in at-risk populations, including patients with cirrhosis and subsets of those with chronic hepatitis B. Available data suggest HCC surveillance can significantly improve early tumor detection, curative treatment eligibility, and overall survival. However, the potential benefits of HCC surveillance must be considered in light a shifting HCC demographic from a viral-mediated cancer to an increasing proportion of patients having non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which has been shown to limit ultrasound sensitivity and may mitigate observed benefits. Further, benefits of HCC surveillance must be weighed against potential physical, financial and psychological harms. Continued data for both benefits and harms of HCC surveillance in contemporary populations are necessary. In the interim, providers should continue to strive for high quality HCC surveillance in at-risk patients.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Fatty Liver , Fibrosis , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Humans , Liver , Liver Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Prognosis , Ultrasonography
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785655

ABSTRACT

There has been controversy regarding the first-line treatment modality for the patients who have small solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), surgical hepatic resection (HR) and liver transplantation (LT). For selection of treatment modality of HCC, it should be considered of hepatic reservoir function as well as the tumor stage. If the liver function is good enough, HR may be the first choice regardless of the tumor size. However, recent studies comparing RFA with resection showed comparable outcome and similar survival rates. RFA, HR and LT provide good outcome for patients who have small HCCs. RFA would be desired in patients who have below 3.0 cm in size and low alpha-fetoprotein (<200 ng/mL). However, in small HCC with high tumor marker, HR should be considered. Better patient selection for the ‘resection first’ approach and early detection of recurrence can achieve better outcomes of the salvage LT strategy. Another benefit of resection first strategy is that it make possible to do enlist of LT for patients before recurrence at high risk of HCC recurrence after resection on the basis of pathologic aggressiveness, microvascular invasion and/or satellites nodule. They should be applied appropriately according to the tumor size, location, tumor markers and underlying liver parenchymal disease.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Ethanol , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Patient Selection , Recurrence , Survival Rate
10.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 207-214, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761008

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify the prognostic factors that could influence survival and to compare prognoses of the patients with the number of the risk factors that might assist in the adequate management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with bone metastases that showed a heterogeneous range of survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 patients, treated with radiotherapy (RT) for bone metastases from HCC from 2014 to 2017, were enrolled retrospectively. Survival was determined by the Kaplan–Meier method from the start of the RT for metastatic bone lesions. Pre-RT clinical features were evaluated and their influences on survival were analyzed. The significant factors were considered to compare survivals according to the number of prognostic factors. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 6.0 months (range, 0.5 to 47.0 months). The median overall survival was 6.5 months, and the 1-year and 2-year survival rates were 35.5% and 13.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the Child-Pugh class A group, alpha-fetoprotein increased more than 30 ng/mL, and HCC size of more than 5 cm were associated with worse overall survival. The median survivals in HCC with none, 1, 2, and 3 of the aforementioned risk factors were 19.5, 9.0, 2.5, and 1.0 months, respectively (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results show that the overall survivals were significantly different according to the number of the risk factors among HCC patients with bone metastases who showed various lengths of survival.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Triage
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(12): 1422-1428, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991352

ABSTRACT

Background: Conventional serum tumor markers (CSTM) are widely used for monitoring patients with cancer. However, their usefulness as a diagnostic tool is controversial in primary or metastatic liver cancer (PMLC). Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the most commonly requested CSTM in the diagnostic approach of PMLC. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of patients aged over 18 years with a liver biopsy, attended from 2005 to 2017 in a tertiary hospital and a regional cancer center in Colombia. The results of liver biopsies were compared with tumor markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), CA 19-9, CA 125 and prostate specific antigen (PSA) using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: We reviewed 2063 medical records and retrieved 118 eligible patients (59 cases and 59 controls, 70% males). Thirty percent had obstructive jaundice. There was heterogeneity in the amount of tumor markers requested according to medical criteria. Only CA 19-9 showed discriminative capacity (> 17.6 U/m), with a cut-off point lower than that reported in the literature and a sensitivity of 69.5%, specificity of 91.6%, a positive likelihood ratio (LR) of 8.32, and a negative LR of 0.33. Conclusions: Except for CA 19-9, tumor markers were not useful for the initial diagnostic approach in patients with suspected primary or metastatic malignant liver tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/blood , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Prostate-Specific Antigen , CA-19-9 Antigen/blood , CA-125 Antigen/blood , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis
12.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 38(3): 297-300, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014099

ABSTRACT

El coriocarcinoma gástrico primario (CGP) es un tumor extremadamente raro, altamente invasivo y de rápida diseminación hematógena. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 57 años que inicia con cuadro de hematemesis y, progresivamente, se le suman episodios de melena, baja de peso y epigastralgia. Es derivada al Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas en donde se le realizan gastroscopía y biopsia. Así, el análisis histológico reportó patrón sugestivo para CGP; el cual se confirmó al realizarle a la paciente los estudios por imágenes necesarios y llevar a cabo el análisis inmunohistoquímico para gonadotrofina coriónica humana y alfa feto proteína. Posteriormente, a la paciente se le realiza una gastrectomía radical D2 con preservación esplénica y de cola de páncreas. Lamentablemente, su evolución no fue favorable y fallece por la progresión de la enfermedad.


Primary gastric choriocarcinoma (PGC) is an extremely rare and highly invasive tumor with rapid hematogenous spread. We present the case of a 57-year-old female patient who started with hematemesis and progressive episodes of melena, weight loss and epigastralgia. It is derived from the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases where gastroscopy and biopsy are performed. Histological analysis reported pattern suggestive of PGC; that was confirmed by immunohistochemical analysis for human chorionic gonadotrophin and fetal alpha protein. Subsequently, the patient underwent a radical D2 gastrectomy with splenic preservation and tail of the pancreas preservation. Unfortunately, her evolution was not favorable and died due to the progression of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Choriocarcinoma/pathology , Polyps/diagnosis , Polyps/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/chemistry , Stomach Ulcer/etiology , Weight Loss , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis , Choriocarcinoma/surgery , Choriocarcinoma/diagnosis , Choriocarcinoma/chemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Hematemesis/etiology , Melena/etiology , Gastroscopy , Fatal Outcome , Diagnosis, Differential , Gastrectomy/methods , Chorionic Gonadotropin/analysis
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716856

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to analyze factors related to the success of salvage liver transplantation (SLT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While liver resection (LR) is considered the best locoregional therapy in HCC, there is a high recurrence rate. SLT may be the best treatment option when feasible. METHODS: Patients who underwent living donor SLT for recurrent HCC after LR from November 1996 to May 2017 were included. Patient demographic data, clinical and pathologic characteristics, operative data, hospital course, and follow-up data regarding initial LR, locoregional therapy after recurrence and SLT were reviewed. Prognostic factors for recurrence were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard ratio. RESULTS: Eighty-five of 123 SLT patients were included. Patients who had five or more locoregional therapies prior to SLT (hazard ratio [HR], 3.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.45–9.64, P = 0.006), hepatitis B (HR, 9.20; 95% CI, 1.13–74.89; P = 0.04), outside Milan criteria at the time of SLT (HR, 2.66, 95% CI, 1.26–5.63; P = 0.011) and an alpha-fetoprotein level above 1,000 ng/mL at the time of recurrence after initial LR (HR, 6.48; 95% CI, 1.83–22.92; P = 0.004) and at the time of transplantation (HR, 3.43; 95% CI, 1.26–5.63; P = 0.011) were related to significant risk of recurrence. CONCLUSION: Continuing five or more locoregional therapies for recurrent HCC after LR is related to poor recurrence-free survival after SLT.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Living Donors , Recurrence
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716068

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum tumor markers and dietary intakes in healthy adults to address a nutrition guide for cancer prevention. We analyzed tumor-related markers, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) in serum and daily food and nutrient intakes using a 24-hour recall method in 23 healthy men and 32 healthy women. The average age was 50.7 years for men and 48.9 years for women. There were no significant differences in biochemical tumor markers and food intake between the men and women except energy intake. A significantly positive correlation was found between serum AFP, a biochemical marker of liver cancer, and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and/or glutamic pyruvate transaminase (GPT) in both men and women. CEA had a significant and negative correlation with energy intake for men and food intake in women. PSA, a biomarker of prostate cancer, was significantly and positively correlated with the intake of animal iron and cholesterol in men. CA125, a biomarker of gynecologic cancers, was significantly and positively correlated with meat intake in women. As this study revealed the significant relationship between biochemical tumor markers and dietary factors, further studies are needed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of this relationship.


Subject(s)
Adult , alpha-Fetoproteins , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biomarkers , Biomarkers, Tumor , CA-125 Antigen , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Cholesterol , Diet , Eating , Energy Intake , Female , Humans , Iron , Liver Neoplasms , Male , Meat , Methods , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Pyruvic Acid
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742113

ABSTRACT

Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor in the liver, which is composed of blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose cells. The proportion of each component varies, making a diagnosis difficult. This paper reports a case of AML in the liver without adipose tissue, mimicking a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which was diagnosed by a surgical tissue biopsy. A 65-year-old woman was admitted for an evaluation of a hepatic mass that had been detected by ultrasonography. The serologic markers of viral hepatitis B and C were negative. The liver function tests and alpha fetoprotein level were within the normal limits. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 1.9 cm sized mass in segment 6 of the liver with early arterial enhancement and washout on the delayed phase accompanied by a rim-like enhancement, which is similar to the imaging findings of HCC. A frozen section examination during surgery indicated a hepatocellular neoplasm and suggested the possibility of HCC. On the other hand, the final pathologic diagnosis was epithelioid myoid type of AML with no adipose tissue component. The tumor cells were positive for human melanocyte B-45 and negative for cytokeratin and hepatocyte paraffin 1. This paper reports a very rare case of AML without adipose tissue in the liver mimicking HCC that was diagnosed by a surgical tissue biopsy.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Aged , alpha-Fetoproteins , Angiomyolipoma , Biopsy , Blood Vessels , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Female , Frozen Sections , Hand , Hepatitis B , Hepatocytes , Humans , Keratins , Liver Function Tests , Liver , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Melanocytes , Muscle, Smooth , Paraffin , Ultrasonography
16.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 121-129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765694

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The treatments and outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with bile duct invasion are not well known. We aimed to confirm the safety of transarterial chemolipiodolization (TACL) and identify prognostic factors for patients with bile duct invasion treated with TACL. METHODS: Fifty patients with central bile duct invasion treated with TACL between 2005 and 2017 were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups: hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin ≥2.5 mg/dL) with pre-TACL biliary drainage, hyperbilirubinemia without biliary drainage, and without hyperbilirubinemia. Tumor response to TACL, survival outcomes, length of hospitalization, adverse events using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), and factors affecting overall survival were compared. RESULTS: TACL-induced changes of mean CTCAE grades for albumin, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine, prothrombin time, and platelet were not significantly different among patients with or without initial hyperbilirubinemia. Serum bilirubin level was not significantly changed after TACL in all the three groups. Overall survival was not significantly different among the three groups (P=0.097). On multivariate analysis, alpha-fetoprotein < 400 ng/dL (hazard ratio [HR]=0.477, P=0.048) and highest total bilirubin level of < 2.5 mg/dL within one month after TACL (HR=0.335, P=0.004) were significantly associated with longer survival. CONCLUSIONS: TACL was a safe treatment for HCC patients with central bile duct invasion, irrespective of the presence of initial hyperbilirubinemia.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , alpha-Fetoproteins , Bile Ducts , Bile , Bilirubin , Blood Platelets , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Creatinine , Drainage , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Multivariate Analysis , Prothrombin Time
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714809

ABSTRACT

In 2017, the tumor marker program of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service was performed for tumor markers I and II. Tumor marker I comprised alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoembryonic antigen, protein induced by vitamin K absence-II, and prostate specific antigen (PSA), and tumor marker II comprised cancer antigen (CA) 125, CA 19-9, CA 15-3, CA 72-4, and beta-2-microglobulin. Two challenges were conducted with three pooled serum or control materials, except for the first tumor marker I challenge. In total, 648 institutions participated in tumor marker I and 380 in tumor marker II programs. The response rates were 92.9%–97.0%. The coefficients of variation (CVs) were different depending on tests and samples, and average CVs were 3.7%–16.8%. The average CV of CA 72-4 tests, whose number of participants was the smallest, was the lowest. The average CV of AFP tests, which included a sample with very high levels, was the highest.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Korea , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Vitamin K
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713886

ABSTRACT

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is frequently used for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis and surveillance. Although the current ARCHITECT AFP (List number 7K67) assay range is 0–350 ng/mL, all samples with test results between 200 and 350 ng/mL must be diluted and retested until their levels are <200 ng/mL. A new ARCHITECT AFP (8100/3P36) assay with a dynamic range of up to 2000 ng/mL has been introduced. The aim of this study was to perform a method comparison between the current ARCHITECT AFP assay and the new assay. The precision study showed excellent results for both high and low controls. There was a positive correlation between the two assay systems and clinical samples. The new ARCHITECT AFP assay with a wide assay range demonstrated good analytical performance. Therefore, the current ARCHITECT AFP assay could be replaced by the new assay, which is more convenient and minimizes manual labor.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Methods
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 496-499, Oct.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891429

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Germ cell tumors are rare neoplasms that mostly occur in the gonads, although they can also affect other body sites, especially the anterior mediastinum (50 to 70% of all extragonadal germ cell tumors). We report a case of a primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor, a rare and aggressive germ cell tumors subtype. This was a 38-year-old man who was admitted to Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual "Francisco Morato de Oliveira", complaining about dyspnea and dry cough for 1 year. The computed tomography scan of his chest revealed a large mass in the anterior mediastinum with heterogeneous enhancement to the contrast associated with pleural effusion. There were also high serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the patient underwent surgical resection of the mass, followed by pathological examination, which confirmed a primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor, a nonseminomatous subtype of germ cell tumors. Primary mediastinal yolk sac tumors have poor prognosis, despite advances in therapy with surgical resection and cisplatin-based chemotherapy. This poor prognosis is due to the degree of invasion and unresectability in most patients by the time of the diagnosis.


RESUMO Os tumores de células germinativas são neoplasias raras que acometem mais frequentemente as gônadas, embora possam também ocorrer em outras localizações do corpo, destacando-se o mediastino anterior (50 a 70% de todos os tumores de células germinativas extragonadais). No presente artigo, relatamos um caso de tumor de saco vitelínico mediastinal primário, de subtipo raro e agressivo de tumor de células germinativas. Tratava-se de um homem, 38 anos, admitido no Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual "Francisco Morato de Oliveira", com quadro de dispneia e tosse seca há 1 ano. Na investigação clínica, foi solicitada tomografia computadorizada de tórax, que mostrou volumosa massa no mediastino anterior com realce heterogêneo ao meio de contraste associada a derrame pleural. Havia ainda aumento dos níveis séricos da alfafetoproteína. Após quimioterapia neoadjuvante pré-operatória, o paciente foi submetido à ressecção cirúrgica, seguida de estudo anatomopatológico da peça, no qual demonstrou tratar-se de um tumor de saco vitelínico primário do mediastino. Os tumores de saco vitelínicos primários do mediastino têm prognóstico reservado, apesar do avanço na terapêutica com a ressecção cirúrgica e a quimioterapia à base de cisplatina. Isto se deve ao grau de invasão e de irressecabilidade na maioria dos pacientes no momento do diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Testicular Neoplasms/therapy , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/therapy , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Mediastinal Neoplasms/therapy , Testicular Neoplasms/pathology , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thoracotomy , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/pathology , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/pathology , Mediastinal Neoplasms/pathology , Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Mediastinum/diagnostic imaging
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300823

ABSTRACT

To establish a fetal biparietal diameter (BPD)-gestational age formula based on the data of pregnant women from Xiaoshan District of Hangzhou, and to evaluate its application in prenatal screening.Data of 3500 pregnant women with gestational age between 15 weeks and 19 weeks+6 receiving prenatal screening in Xiaoshan Hospital during May 2014 and May 2015 were collected. BPDs were used to establish a localized BPD-gestational age formula. The localized formula was used to evaluate the prenatal screening risks in 1759 pregnant women with irregular menstrual cycles or uncertain last menstrual period (LMP) in Xiaoshan District, and the results were compared with those calculated using formula in LifeCycle 4.0.With localized formula, the total positive rate of Down syndrome, trisomy 18 syndrome and deformity of neural tube was decreased from 6.96% to 5.85% (<0.05), in which the positive rate of Down syndrome decreased (<0.05), that of deformity of neural tube increased (<0.05), and that of trisomy 18 syndrome remained the same (>0.05). The median MoMs of free-hCG β and α-fetoprotein calculated using localized formula were significantly different from those calculated using the formula in LifeCycle 4.0 (all<0.05), and the former ones were more closer to 1. For women of fetus diagnosed with the above diseases, the positive rate calculated using localized formula was almost the same as that calculated using the formula in LifeCycle 4.0.BPD-gestational age formula should be localized based on the statistical analysis of the local population, which will help to reduce the false positive rate, and make the results more accurate and reliable in prenatal screening.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Weights and Measures , Reference Standards , Cephalometry , Reference Standards , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Blood , Reference Standards , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 , Down Syndrome , Diagnosis , Embryology , Epidemiologic Measurements , Female , Fetal Development , Gestational Age , Head , Embryology , Humans , Mass Screening , Methods , Reference Standards , Menstrual Cycle , Neural Tube Defects , Diagnosis , Embryology , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Trisomy , Diagnosis , Trisomy 18 Syndrome , alpha-Fetoproteins , Reference Standards
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