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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907123

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the timeliness of health science popularization during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its correlation with the epidemic situation and policies. MethodsThe original reports of health science popularization by 26 major media in Shanghai during the COVID19 outbreak between January 19 and March 25 of 2020 were retrieved, and the timeliness of the number of reports, media sources and categories, and contents were analyzed. ResultsDuring the epidemic of COVID-19, public media reported timely. Online media accounted for 63.35%, and text-based reports accounted for 85.90%. There was a correlation between the trend of the number of reports and the development of COVID-19 and the prevention and control policy issued by the government. After the change in the epidemic or the release of policy, the number of reports increased. The top four topics were personal protection, disease treatment, healthy lifestyle and psychological health, accounting for 18.62%, 18.54%, 12.96% and 11.74%, respectively. Reports focused on different aspects at different stages of COVID-19 epidemic, and the number of reports tended to increase one week after the occurrence of major events. ConclusionDuring the COVID-19 epidemic, the coverage of health science on media is timely and targeted. For future similar public health emergencies, it is suggested to respond quickly to major events according to the trend, to carry out publicity timely, to innovate the report forms, and thus make it easy for the public to accept and implement.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907100

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the timeliness of health science popularization during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its correlation with the epidemic situation and policies. MethodsThe original reports of health science popularization by 26 major media in Shanghai during the COVID19 outbreak between January 19 and March 25 of 2020 were retrieved, and the timeliness of the number of reports, media sources and categories, and contents were analyzed. ResultsDuring the epidemic of COVID-19, public media reported timely. Online media accounted for 63.35%, and text-based reports accounted for 85.90%. There was a correlation between the trend of the number of reports and the development of COVID-19 and the prevention and control policy issued by the government. After the change in the epidemic or the release of policy, the number of reports increased. The top four topics were personal protection, disease treatment, healthy lifestyle and psychological health, accounting for 18.62%, 18.54%, 12.96% and 11.74%, respectively. Reports focused on different aspects at different stages of COVID-19 epidemic, and the number of reports tended to increase one week after the occurrence of major events. ConclusionDuring the COVID-19 epidemic, the coverage of health science on media is timely and targeted. For future similar public health emergencies, it is suggested to respond quickly to major events according to the trend, to carry out publicity timely, to innovate the report forms, and thus make it easy for the public to accept and implement.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1987-1990, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922237

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease. HCV is not only related to hepatic malignancies but may also promote lymphoid neoplasms. Currently, research has confirmed HCV-related lymphoma, including marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL), follicular lymphoma (FL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Many types of research have shown that antiviral therapy can improve or even remission several HCV-related lymphomas. The direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) (such as NS5A protease inhibitors, NS4/4A protease inhibitors and viral polymerase inhibitors) have shown clinical advantages of high efficacy and low side effects for both virus elimination and tumor regression in several HCV-related lymphomas, which may make the selected HCV-related lymphoma patients treated without chemotherapy. In this review the research progress and development direction of antiviral therapy in treating HCV-related lymphoma has summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 401-418, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775430

ABSTRACT

Investigation of pain requires measurements of nociceptive sensitivity and other pain-related behaviors. Recent studies have indicated the superiority of gait analysis over traditional evaluations (e.g., skin sensitivity and sciatic function index [SFI]) in detecting subtle improvements and deteriorations in animal models. Here, pain-related gait parameters, whose criteria include (1) alteration in pain models, (2) correlation with nociceptive threshold, and (3) normalization by analgesics, were identified in representative models of neuropathic pain (spared nerve injury: coordination data) and inflammatory pain (intraplantar complete Freund's adjuvant: both coordination and intensity data) in the DigiGait™ and CatWalk™ systems. DigiGait™ had advantages in fixed speed (controlled by treadmill) and dynamic SFI, while CatWalk™ excelled in intrinsic velocity, intensity data, and high-quality 3D images. Insights into the applicability of each system may provide guidance for selecting the appropriate gait imaging system for different animal models and optimization for future pain research.


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Animals , Freund's Adjuvant , Gait , Gait Analysis , Methods , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Inflammation , Male , Neuralgia , Pain , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707050

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the stool coccobacillus flora features between lung diseases patients and non-lung diseases patients for confirming homotherapy for the lung and the large intestine ideology based on the lung and large intestine being interior-exteriorly related theory. Methods Totally 112 patients were divided into lung diseases group (47 cases) and non-lung diseases group (65 cases) by cross-sectional study. Questionnaire survey for patients was used, including general demographic information, lung diseases and course of disease, non-lung diseases and course of disease, medication, diet, sleep, emotional, physical and stool. Stool specimens were collected and smear method was used to detect the ratio of coccus. Results 3 cases were lost in the lung diseases group and 5 cases were lost in the non-lung diseases group. Stool coccobacillus mean proportionality was 0.78 in lung diseases group, and 0.35 in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.041). Stool gram negative bacilli mean value was 56.59% in lung diseases group, and 65.50% in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.040). Stool gram positive coccus mean value was 33.52% in lung diseases group, and 23.80% in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.004). There were 23 cases of stool gram negative bacilli aberrant type in lung diseases group, and 44 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.038). There were 21 cases of loss of appetite in lung diseases group, and 14 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance(P=0.012). There were 23 cases of constipation in lung diseases group, and 19 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.044). There were 15 cases of loose stool in lung diseases group, and 9 cases in non-lung diseases group, with statistical significance (P=0.033). Conclusion Lung diseases patients occur to alteration of intestinal flora potentially. And symptoms include loss of appetite, constipation, loose stool, which occur to lung diseases patients significantly, indicating lung and large intestine tend to exist homopathy. It is important to homotherapy for the lung and the large intestine based on the lung and the large intestine being interior-exteriorly related.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696201

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the medical reference range of amino acid and acyl car-nitine tandem mass spectrometry in normal neonates in Gansu province,and provide the basis for the determination of amino acid and acyl carnitine test results in the screening of neonatal genetic metabolic diseases.Methods A non derivatization tandem mass spectro-metry kit was used to screen 77 957 samples of neonates in Gansu province.Statistical soft ware SPSS19.0 was used to analyze the 95% reference range of 11 amino acids and 31 kinds of acylcarnitine indexes.Results The medical reference value(μmol/L) of the series mass spectra of newborn genetic metabolic diseases in Gansu province was established:ALA (216.17 ~ 727.58),ARG (1.80~33.03),CIT (4.87~30.67),GLY (183.43~841.46),LEU (79.85~289.45),MET (3.32~25.86),ORN (34.09~225.15),PHE (27.04~83.37),PRO (79.44~337.59),TYR (37.61~177.79),VAL (59.31~250.95),C0 (9.35~45.35),C2 (2.62~25.40),C3 (0.46~3.3),C3DC_C4OH (0.02~0.20),C4 (0.08~0.31),C4DC_C5OH (0.10~0.32),C5 (0.05~0.30),C5:1 (0.00~0.01),C5DC_C6OH (0.04~0.22),C6 (0.01~0.06),C6DC (0.03~0.13),C8 (0.02~0.08),C8:1 (0.05~0.31),C10 (0.02~0.12),C10:1 (0.03~0.10),C10:2 (0.01~0.10),C12 (0.02~0.13),C12:1 (0.02~0.10),C14 (0.07~0.30),C14:1 (0.03~0.13),C14:2 (0.01~0.03),C14OH (0.00~0.02),C16 (0.59~4.91),C16:1 (0.03~0.30),C16:1-OH (0.01~0.08),C16OH (0.01~0.03),C18 (0.29~1.30),C18:1 (0.57~2.32),C18:1-OH (0.01~0.05),C18:2 (0.08~0.51) and C18OH (0.00~0.02).Conclusion The establishment of the medical reference range of the normal neonatal dryblood spot amino acid and acyl carnitine tandem mass spectrometry in Gansu province can provide reference for the determination of the results of the cluster mass spectrometry in this region.

7.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 971-977, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703958

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the components and time characteristics of attentional bias in type 2 diabetic patients with different levels of self-management.Methods:The patients were first divided into higher,medium and lower self-management levels based on the Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities Questionnaire (SDSCA),63 subjects in each group.A probe detection task was used to examine the impact of the different emotional pictures and stimulus presenting time on attentional bias.Results:When the stimuli were displayed for 500 ms,patients with higher self-management levels showed shorter reaction time to positive pictures than to negative pictures [(597.8 ± 185.5) ms vs.(626.0 ± 186.6) ms,P < 0.01],and their scores of negative attentional bias [(-22.5 ± 79.0) ms,P <0.05] and negative orienting index were lower than 0[(-26.6 ±74.5) ms,P <0.01].The scores of negative disengaging index were significant higher than 0 in patients with medium self-management levels [(17.2 ± 60.3) ms,P <0.05],the scores of positive disengaging index were significant lower than 0 in patients with lower selfmanagement levels [(-22.6 ±74.8) ms,P <0.05]].When the stimuli were displayed for 1250 ms,the scores of positive orienting index were higher than 0 in patients with medium self-management levels [(14.9 ± 54.4) ms,P < 0.05].Conclusion:It suggests that there are different characteristics of implicit cognitive processing in patients with different levels of self-management.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254991

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of Citalopram on the mRNA expression of bax and bel-2 in frontal cortical neurons and on cell apoptosis of rats after stress.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 8). The control group did no receive any treatment, the stress group was subject to stress and given normal saline and experimental group was given Citalopram irrigation stomach after stress. Rats were forced to swim to establish chronic stress model (15 min/d, 4 weeks), bax, bcl-2 mRNA expression were tested by in situ hybridization technique (ISH), TUNEL assay was used to determine cell apoptosis, Nikon image analysis software were used to measure the number of positive cells in each index.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the stress group showed a larger number of bax mRNA expressing cells( P < 0.01), a smaller number of bcl-2 mRNA expressing cells (P < 0.01), and the staining intensity of positive cells was significantly reduced( P < 0.01). Compared with the stress group, the experiment group showed more reduced number of bax mRNA positive cells( P < 0.01) and significantly increased bcl-2 mRNA positive cells( P < 0.05), a small amount of positive cells were found, compared with that in the stress group, nuclear condensation in the experimental group was reduced significantly and the staining was obviously weaker( P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Citalopram significantly antagonizes bax mRNA and potentiatesbcl-2 mRNA protein expression and inhibits apoptosis of rat prefrontal cortical neurons caused by chronic stress, which might be one possible mechanism of Citalopram for prevention and treatment of psychosis caused by chronic stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Citalopram , Pharmacology , Male , Neurons , Metabolism , Prefrontal Cortex , Cell Biology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stress, Physiological , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 171-176, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356620

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyse the value of CODEHOP RT-PCR in the detection of Flavivirus. According to the amino acid sequences of polyproteins of different flaviviruses published in GenBank, a pair of primers was designed using the CODEHOP method. One-step RT-PCR was used to detect Japanese encephalitis virus strain JEV1201, Dengue virus strain JKD001, and yellow fever virus vaccine YV6161. BLAST analysis and phylogenetic analysis were performed after the RT-PCR products of nucleocapsid genes were sequenced. The results showed that this method could amplify Flavivirus specifically, and the size and sequence of the target fragment accorded with the anticipated result. JEV1201 had the highest homology to Japanese encephalitis virus strain YL2009-4/YC2009-3, belonging to the branch of the phylogenetic tree of Japanese encephalitis virus strains. JKD001 had the highest homology to Dengue virus strain DENV-2/ID/1022DN/1975, belonging to the branch of the phylogenetic tree of Dengue virus strains. YV6161 had the highest homology to Yellow fever virus strain 17D, belonging to the branch of the phylogenetic tree of Yellow fever virus strains. In conclusion, the method of CODEHOP RT-PCR can be effectively used to detect, identify, and phylogenetically analyse Flavivirus.


Subject(s)
DNA Primers , Genetics , Flavivirus , Classification , Genetics , Flavivirus Infections , Virology , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355833

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the infection status of Leptospira in rodents on Heixiazi island Heilongjiang province in 2011.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 356 rodents were captured by night trap on the Heixiazi island from April to October 2011. The kidney tissue samples were collected by asepsis operation and the genomic DNA were extracted from them. Leptospira strains were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction(PCR) amplification of the 482 bp 23 S rDNA gene. Fifteen PCR products selected by the month were purified and sequenced by the methods of Sanger dideoxy, the sequences then compared with other Leptospira strains in Genebank, and phylogenetic analyses were drafted by software Mega 4.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 356 rodents, the dominant species were Clethrionomys rutilus (39.3%, 140/356) and Apodemus agrarius (36.0%, 128/356). The infection rate of Leptospira was 11.0%, with 39 rodent samples detected positive. All the rodent species were infected except for Rattus norvegicus. The infection rate was 9.4% (12/128) in Apodemus agrarius, 12.9%(18/140) in Clethrionomys rutilus, 10.8%(7/65) in Microtus fortis Buchner. No significant difference was found between the infection rate and the species of rodents by chi square test(χ(2) = 1.92, P > 0.05). Among months, the infection rate was 5.6% (4/72) in May, 8.8% (5/57) in June, 12.8% (5/39) in July, 9.8% (5/51) in August, 33.3% (11/33) in September, 22.5% (9/40) in October,but no infection in April. There was significant difference in infection in different months (χ(2) = 32.92, P < 0.05). All the Leptospira in rodents on the Heixiazi island were in the same phylogenetic branch with a high similarity of 97.1%-99.6%, close with the Australia strain U90865 by the similarity above 96.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Leptospira is probably prevalent in rodents on the Heixiazi island, and the phylogene of the strains were similar. The infection rate in rodents was significantly different in months but not in hosts.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Leptospira , Leptospirosis , Murinae , Microbiology , Phylogeny , Rats
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274769

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the status of complementary feeding frequency (CFF) for infants and young children in southwestern China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 3644 infants and young children aged 6 - 24 months from urban and rural areas of Chengdu, Kunming and Guiyang were selected by stratified random cluster sampling from March to June in 2011. Data of CFF in the recent one month were collected through the questionnaires, and assessed quantitatively by a new comprehensive evaluation system. Level and distribution characteristics of CFF for infants and young children among different month groups in urban and rural areas were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Average CFF score was 8.1 ± 3.1, and the score for all was 54.1% of total score (15 points). The average score of urban and rural groups was 8.9 ± 3.0 (59.3% of total score) and 7.4 ± 3.0 (49.1% of total score) respectively (t = 15.60, P < 0.05). Ratio of ≥ 80.0% of total CFF score was 12.2% (443/3644) for all. The rate of urban and rural group was 18.0% (324/1796) and 6.4% (119/1848) respectively (χ(2) = 136.64, P < 0.05). Average CFF score in 6 - 8, 9 - 11 and 12 - 24 months groups was 7.0 ± 2.9 (46.4% of total score), 8.1 ± 3.0 (54.1% of total score) and 9.0 ± 3.0 (60.1% of total score) respectively (F = 148.27, P < 0.05). The CFF score increased with months growing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Status of CFF for infants and young children in southwestern China is generally inadequate, with differences between urban and rural groups. This problem is more serious in early month infants and rural areas and should be emphasized and improved.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Infant , Infant Food , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Nutrition Surveys , Rural Population , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urban Population
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 685-687, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277710

ABSTRACT

Objective To isolate and identify Banna virus(BAV)from mosquitoes collected in Mengla county of Yunnan province.Methods Mosquito samples were collected in houses and stock yards in Mengla county,2008.Mosquitoes were homogenized and incubated onto both C6/36 and BHK21 cells.The new isolate was identified by using ELISA and RT-PCR.The sequences of segment 5.8 and 11 of BAV were amplified by RT-PCR and determined.Phylogenetic analysis on the new BAV were performed using MEGA4 program.Results 1731 mosquitoes representing 7 species were collected with one strain of BAV isolated and identified.Phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of segment 8 showed the new isolate was closed to BAV strain isolated in Yunnan,but segment 11 sequence was closed to Vietnam strain.Conclusion Results of phylogenetic analysis implied that the BAV re-assortment might have been occurred both in Chinese and Vietnam strains.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Through observing the morphological changes of the prepared influenza viruses (H1N1) treated with the different concentration of Nonidet P-40 solutions and added with antibody against the influenza virus using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), to explore the principle of application of the internal antibody for immunoassay of influenza virus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Through treating the virus samples with serial diluted Nonidet P-40 solutions from 0.01% to 0.2% and/or not adding antibody against the influenza virus, then investigating the samples by TEM to obtain the morphological changes of the virions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serial images show that the denudation degree of the virions is proportional with the rise of NP-40 concentration, and partly denuded virion image appeared at 0.1% NP-40 treatment, also under this condition no influence was observed on antibody binding to the virus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This work demonstrated the interaction between influenza virion and its antibody under nonionic surfactants existing, which supports the advantages of sample preparation for immunoassay enveloped virus using internal antibody theoretically.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Chemistry , Chick Embryo , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Polyethylene Glycols , Pharmacology , Protein Binding , Viral Envelope Proteins , Chemistry , Virion
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242645

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe the primary characteristic of 0507JS11 virus isolated from Culex sp. and determine the classification of 0507JS11 virus in taxonomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>0507JS11 virus was cultured in Aedes albopictus C6/36 cells and cytopathic effects (CPEs) were recorded. Electro-microscopic morphology of 0507JS11 virus was observed. Total DNA extract of 0507JS11 virus was detected by 1% Agarose Gel Electrophoresis. Complete genomic sequence of 0507JS11 virus was sequenced and then made phylogenetic analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>0507JS11 virus could cause CPEs in Aedes albopictus C6/36 cells. Viral particles have no envelope and appear icosahedron symmetry with diameter of 20 nm. The genome of 0507JS11 virus was positive single strand DNA (ssDNA) with full length of 3977 nt. However, a DNA band about 4 kbp was observed in the electrophoresis of total DNA extract of 0507JS11 virus. The coding region of the genome included three ORFs, ORF1 and ORF2 code NSP1 and NSP2, ORF3 codes VP. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete genomic sequence of 0507JS11 virus indicated an independent linear in Brevidensovirus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>0507JS11 virus is a new member in Brevidensovirus.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Culex , Virology , DNA, Viral , Genetics , Densovirinae , Classification , Genetics , Genome, Viral , Sequence Analysis, DNA
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242643

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate viruses from mosquitoes in the south of Xinjiang and identify these viruses primarily.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 13 491 mosquitoes were collected in the south of Xinjiang from Jul to Aug, 2005. These mosquitoes were divided into 130 groups and grinded respectively. The supernates were inoculated in C6/36 and Vero cells. Viruses isolated were detected, the genomic nucleic types by electrophoresis of viral genomes and the morphologies observed under electronmicroscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 42 viruses were isolated, which caused CPEs on C6/36 but not on Vero cells. 27 viruses showed similar genomic profiles with 12 dsRNA segments. 1 virus displayed genomic profile with 10 dsRNA segments. 5 viruses took on similar genomic profiles with about 4 kbp DNA band. 9 viruses did not get any taxonomy information. Electromicroscopic pictures of these viruses revealed that above four types of viruses had distinguished morphologies indicating different virus species.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There should be several virus species in the mosquitoes in the south of Xinjiang. dsRNA virus with 12 genomic segments should play analysis a predominant role in the south of Xinjiang.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bluetongue virus , Classification , Genetics , Chlorocebus aethiops , China , Culicidae , Virology , Dengue Virus , Classification , Genetics , Genome, Viral , Insect Viruses , Classification , Genetics , RNA, Double-Stranded , Genetics , RNA, Viral , Genetics , Reassortant Viruses , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Vero Cells
16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 606-610, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261315

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the molecular characteristics of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) isolated in Northwestern Yunnan province, and to clarify the differences between the strains isolated in Northwestern and other parts of Yunnan province. Methods PrM, E and 3' untranslated region nueleotide acid sequences of the isolates were amplified by RT-PCR and then sequenced. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis were performed by using Clustal 1.8X, DNASTAR, GENEDOC and Mega 3.1 programs. Results 12 of the 13 isolates of JEV obtained in Northwestern Yunnan were identified as genotype Ⅰ, only one strain was genotype Ⅲ of JEV. The 12 strains of genotype Ⅰ were clustered in different branches with other isolates obtained in other parts of Yunnan province. Data from sequence analysis on E gene found that the nucleotide identity was 0.2%-13.9% between the Northwestern isolates and other Yunnan strains. There were two kinds of nucleotides deletion patterns at 3' untranslated region with three and one deletions was found after termination eodon in genotype Ⅰ and Ⅲ isolates, respectively. Conclusion There were two genotypes of Ⅰ and Ⅲ in 13 strains of JEV in this study and genotype Ⅰ isolates were predominant (12/13). There were no apparent differences in E gene sequence between isolates obtained in the Northwestern and other parts of Yunnan. Three deletions were found in 3' untranslated region in genotypes Ⅰ isolates and one deletion was in genotypes Ⅲ.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329537

ABSTRACT

Objective To isolate and identify arboviruses from mosquito pools in some regions of Liaoning province.Methods Mosquitoes were collected from Shenyang,Yingkou,Panjin,Jinzhou and Dandong cities of Liaoning province in 2006.Viruses were isolated by inoculating the specimens onto C6/ 36 and BHK-21cells.The new isolates were identified using serological and molecular biological methods.Results 5410 mosquitoes were collected from the five cities in total.Three isolates produced CPE in C6/ 36 cell and five isolates produced CPE in both C6/36 and BI-IK-21 cell.Three isolates (LN0684,LN0688 and LN0689) were identified as Banna virus and one isolate (LN0636) was identified as Getah virus.Phylogenetic analysis showed that the three Banna virus strains were clustered into the same evolution branch as the other Chinese isolates.The identity of nucleotide sequence was between 91.2% and 94.7%,compared with other Banna virus strains.The new isolated Getah virus was clustered into the same branch with the strain of South Korea (swine).The identity of nucleotide sequence was 99.2%,when comparing with the strain of South Korea and was 95% to 99% with the strains fi'om Russia,mainland of China and Taiwan region.Conehmion Eight virus isolates,including three Banna virus,one Getah virus and four unknown virus strains were isolated from mosquitoes in Liaoning province.Banna virus and Getah virus were reported for the first time in Liaoning province,while Getah virus showed the highest nucleotide homology with the South Korea strains.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 895-904, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344022

ABSTRACT

A rapid ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometric (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method is developed for the qualitative identification of constituents in the flower buds of seven Lonicera species. The optimal condition of separation and detection were achieved on an AcQuity UPLC BEH C18 column with a gradient elution with acetonitrile and 0.1% acetic acid within 17 min. Among the 33 constituents detected, 6 caffeoylquinic acids (including caffeic acid), 8 flavonoids and 8 iridoid glycosides were characterized based on their fragmentation patterns in collision-induced dissociation (CID) experiments and/or by comparison with standard compounds. In addition, to statistically establish the correlation and discrimination of the Lonicera species, principle component analysis (PCA) was applied in this study. Lonicera samples were divided into well-defined groups directly related to their species based on PCA in terms of the log transformed relative contents of the major caffeoylquinic acids (including caffeic acid) as the variables. All of results indicated that the method presented here is able to classify the sample species and to reveal characteristic details of the chemical constituents of different Lonicera species.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Flowers , Chemistry , Lonicera , Chemistry , Classification , Principal Component Analysis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
19.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 173-177, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334755

ABSTRACT

5 strains of virus isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Anopheles sinensis and Armigeres subalbatus, which caused cytopathic effect in C6/36 cells, had been obtained in the survey of arboviruses in Northwestern Yunnan Province. China. The virus particles displayed 70 nanometers diameter (n=7) with no envelope but spikes on the surfaces. RNA-PAGE of the genomes of the isolates showed 6-5-1 profile. A fragment of the 12th segment sequence was amplified by a pair of specific primers for Kadipiro virus strain JKT-7075 in RT-PCR. The full length of the 12th segment was 758 nucleotides, BLAST analysis revealed the highest identity was 90% to JKT-7075. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the isolates appeared to be Kadipiro viruses (Family Reoviridae). It was the first report of kadipiro virus isolation in China.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Anopheles , Virology , Cell Line , China , Coltivirus , Classification , Genetics , Culex , Virology , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316096

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a fast, high-throughput screening method with suspension array technique for simultaneous detection of biothreat bacteria.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>16 S rDNA universal primers for Bacillus anthracis, Francisella tularensis, Yersinia pestis, Brucella spp.and Burkholderia pseudomallei were selected to amplify corresponding regions and the genus-specific or species-specific probes were designed. After amplification of chromosomal DNA by 16 S rDNA primers 341A and 519B, the PCR products were detected by suspension array technique. The sensitivity, specificity, reproducibility and detection power were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After PCR amplification by 16 S rDNA primers and specific probe hybridization, the target microorganisms could be identified at genus level, cross reaction was recognized in the same genus. The detection sensitivity of the assay was 1.5 pg/microl (Burkholderia pseudomallei), 20 pg/microl (Brucella spp.), 7 pg/microl (Bacillus anthracis), 0.1 pg/microl (Francisella tularensis), and 1.1 pg/microl (Yersinia pestis), respectively. The coefficient of variation for 15 test of different probes was ranged from 5.18% to 17.88%, it showed good reproducibility. The assay could correctly identify Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis strains in simulated white powder samples.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The suspension array technique could be served as an opening screening method for biothreat bacteria rapid detection.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacillus anthracis , Bioterrorism , DNA Primers , DNA, Bacterial , Francisella tularensis , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Genetics , Yersinia pestis
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