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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 696-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973947

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between eye use behavior and self reported myopia in middle and high school students, and provide the scientific basis for the prevention and control of myopia.@*Methods@#A total of 14 872 middle and high school students was selected from four provinces and cities from December 2015 to March 2016, including Jiangxi(Nanchang,Yintan,Dexing), Liaoning(Shenyang), Guangdong(Shenzhen), Henan(Zhengzhou) provinces. A self administrated questionnaire was used to collect the basic information, self reported myopia and eye use behaviors among middle and high school students. The Chi square tests were applied to compare the differences in self reported myopia among middle and high school students with different characteristics. Multivariate binary Logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between eye use behavior and self reported myopia in middle and high school students.@*Results@#The self reported myopia rate of middle and high school students was 68.5%, with 59.7% and 78.6% for junior high school students and senior high school students, respectively. After adjusting for the potential confounders, the Logistic regression models showed that middle and high school students who read and write with their heads down ( OR =1.94, 2.32),middle and high school students who lie down or lie on stomach when using their eyes ( OR =1.27, 1.28) had a higher risk of self reported myopia ( P <0.01). There was a negative correlation between eye use distance (reading and writing distance, distance from eyes to TV, mobile phone, or tablet) and self reported myopia ( OR =0.73, 0.70, 0.81; 0.61, 0.66 , 0.76) in middle and high school students ( P <0.01). In addition, the risk of self reported myopia was lower in middle school students with longer eye to computer distance ( OR=0.77, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#There is a significant association between eye use postures, eye use distance and self reported myopia in middle and high school students. Health education for the risk and behavior factors of myopia should be actively promoted to ensure the visual health of children and adolescents.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1703-1706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) method for simultaneous determination of 10 ganoderic acids in Ganoderma lucidum. METHODS Using ganoderic acid A as internal reference, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was adopted to calculate relative correction factors of the other 9 components, such as ganoderic acid B, ganoderic acid C2, ganoderic acid D, ganoderic acid F, ganoderic acid H, ganoderenic acid A, ganoderenic acid B, ganoderenic acid C, ganoderenic acid D; the contents of above ganoderic acids were calculated with relative correction factors, and compared with the results of external standard method. RESULTS The linear relationship of ganoderic acid A, ganoderic acid B, ganoderic acid C2, ganoderic acid D, ganoderic acid F, ganoderic acid H, ganoderenic acid A, ganoderenic acid B, ganoderenic acid C and ganoderenic acid D were 0.032-3.996, 0.040-4.971, 0.037-4.568, 0.028-3.558, 0.033-4.177, 0.044-5.440, 0.032-3.944, 0.040-4.994, 0.045-5.593 and 0.035-4.342 mg/mL (all R 2≥0.999 2), respectively. RSDs of precision, stability (24 h) and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2%. Their average recovery rates were 99.43%, 100.25%, 98.50%, 99.88%, 100.59%, 99.64%, 98.50%, 99.40%, 99.64% and 99.76%, respectively (RSD<2%, n=6). Relative correction factors of ganoderic acid B, ganoderic acid C2, ganoderic acid D, ganoderic acid F, ganoderic acid H, ganoderenic acid A, ganoderenic acid B, ganoderenic acid C and ganoderenic acid D were 1.788 5, 1.288 2, 1.126 4, 1.698 5, 0.885 4, 5.468 1, 4.210 9, 5.780 8, 4.290 3, respectively. Relative errors between the content obtained by QAMS method and external standard method for G. lucidum from different origins were within ±12%. CONCLUSIONS It is feasible that the contents of 10 ganoderic acids are determined simultaneously by QAMS method, using ganoderic acid A as internal reference. This method shows good precision and reproducibility and can be used for the quality control of G. lucidum.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1342-1345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988886

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop the Assessment of Smartphone Multitasking for Adolescents (ASMA) and evaluate its reliability and construct validity, so that to provide an evaluation tool for relevant epidemiological studies.@*Methods@#Based on literature review, expert based judgement, and group discussion, the self administered ASMA identified 3 dimensions named smartphone activities and non-media activities multitasking, smartphone activities and other media activities multitasking, and smartphone functional use multitasking, which initially included 27 items. From October to December 2021, 5 566 college students were selected from 7 regions, including Liaoning, Shanxi, Henan, Shanghai, Chongqing, Shenzhen, and Yunnan by multi stage cluster sampling method, and item analysis, factor analysis, and reliability evaluation were used to screen items and evaluate reliability and validity.@*Results@#The final version of AMSA contained 3 dimensions covering 26 items. The variance cumulative contribution rate was 59.63 %. The internal consistency test showed that Cronbach s alpha coefficient for the questionnaire was 0.944, and ranged from 0.838 to 0.928 for each dimension. The split half coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.849 and ranging from 0.781 to 0.874 for each dimension. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), comparative fit index (CFI), and Tucker Lewis index (TLI) of the questionnaire were 0.068, 0.901, and 0.891, respectively, which had which had a good fitting degree. The results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that the criterion validity of the questionnaire was good ( r=0.206-0.351, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The ASMA is consistent with the evaluation standard of psychometrics and can be used as an assessment tool to evaluate smartphone multitasking behaviors in adolescents.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1121-1126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status quo of community practice bases for general practice residency training in Wuhan city.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted in 12 community general practice training bases affiliated to 11 tertiary hospitals in Wuhan city from March to June 2021. A total of 123 general practice residents and 41 instructors participated in the survey using the different questionnaires. The contents of questionnaires included the basic conditions of the training base and the current status of training at community base, as well as their satisfaction on the program and related problems. The statistical analysis was performed with SPSS software.Results:The conditions of the 12 primary practice bases met the requirements of the Standard for Standardized Training Bases for General Practice Residents (2019 Revision) in terms of size of community hospitals, qualification of the person in charge and faculty team. The survey showed that only 3 bases had psychiatric department; 7 bases had literature retrieval system; all 12 bases had a teaching secretary, but only 1 had a full-time teaching secretary; all 12 bases had established formal assistant relationship with higher-level hospitals, but the frequency of communication was low in some bases. Survey also showed that 68.3% (28/41) instructors were aged 40-50 years; 90.2% (37/41) of instructors participated in epidemic prevention and control; 36.6% (15/41) thought that instructing work was related to professional promotion; 87.8% (36/41) of instructors were generally satisfied with the work performance. Most of trainees (92.7%, 114/123) were satisfied with the training at the primary base, and there was a difference in satisfaction degree between trainees with different enrollment sources (χ 2=6.92, P=0.032). The proportion of trainees with confidence for future career increased from 39.8% (49/123) before training in community bases to 60.2% (74/123) after training. Conclusions:The survey shows that primary practice bases for general practice residency training in Wuhan have met the basic requirements; however, the evaluation and motivation of teachers need to be improved, the opportunities for trainees to practice in general outpatient clinics should be increased, research and teaching need to be emphasized, and the management of trainees needs to be strengthened.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 373-380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934381

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analyze the correlation between serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) N-glycan and Lauren classification of gastric cancer.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on 17 patients with diffuse type gastric cancer and 21 patients with intestinal type who received treatment in Zhongshan Hospital from 2017 to 2018, and the general medical history data and disease characteristics were summarized. The serum IgG glycome profiles were analyzed by ultraperformance liquid chromatography, and the difference between intestinal type and diffuse type gastric cance was compared.Logistic regression was used to evaluate the correlation between serum IgG N-glycan and Lauren classification.Results:IgG N-glycome analysis included 27 directly detected glycans and 4 derived traits. H=Hexose, N=N-acetylglucosamine, F=Fucose, S=Sialic acid.There was no significant difference in IgG N-glycan among different chemotherapy protocol. Compared with intestinal type, H3N3F1 ( t=3.785, P=0.001), H3N4( t=3.919, P=0.002), H3N4F1( t=2.770, P=0.005), H3N5F1( t=2.888, P=0.010) were decreased in diffuse type; H4N4F1(6)( t=?3.488, P<0.001), H5N4F1( t=?3.401, P=0.003), H5N5F1( t=?2.303, P=0.023), H5N4F1S1 ( t=?3.068, P=0.008) were increased.H3N3F1( OR:1.20, P=0.008), H3N4( OR:1.32, P=0.005), H3N4F1 ( OR:1.13, P=0.017), H3N5F1 ( OR:1.78, P=0.015), H4N4F1(6)( OR:0.43, P=0.008), H5N4F1(6)( OR:0.74, P=0.008), H5N5F1 ( OR:0.32, P=0.036), H5N4F1S1( OR:0.48, P=0.009) were significantly correlated with Lauren classification. Sialylated ( t=?2.717, P=0.012) and galactosylated ( t=?3.400, P=0.001) IgG N-glycan were reduced in patients with intestinal type gastric cancer.Galactosylated ( OR:0.87, P=0.007) and sialylated ( OR:0.62, P=0.015) IgG N-glycan were significantly correlated with Lauren classification. Conclusion:Some IgG N-glycan are significantly correlated with Lauren classification, which can be used as potential biomarkers.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2856-2869, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887848

ABSTRACT

The environmental gas concentration affects the storage period and quality of fruits and vegetables. High concentration CO₂ treating for a long time will cause damage to fruits, However, the specific molecular mechanism is unclear. To analyze the mechanism of CO₂ injury in apple, high-throughput sequencing technology of Illumina Hiseq 4000 and non-targeted metabolism technology were used to analyze the transcriptome sequencing and metabolomics analysis of browning flesh tissue of damage fruit and normal pulp tissue of the control group. A total of 6 332 differentially expressed genes were obtained, including 4 187 up-regulated genes and 2 145 down regulated genes. Functional analysis of the differentially expressed genes confirmed that the occurrence of CO₂ injury in apple was related to redox process, lipid metabolism, hormone signal transduction process and energy metabolism process. Twenty candidate browning genes were successfully screened, among which grxcr1 (md14g1137800) and gpx (md06g1081300) participated in the reactive oxygen species scavenging process, and pld1_ 2 (md15g1125000) and plcd (md07g1221900) participated in phospholipid acid synthesis and affected membrane metabolism. mdh1 (md05g1238800) participated in TCA cycle and affected energy metabolism. A total of 77 differential metabolites were obtained by metabolomic analysis, mainly organic acids, lipids, sugars and polyketones, including 35 metabolites related to browning. The metabolism of flavonoids was involved in the browning process of apple. Compared with the control tissue, the content of flavonoids such as catechin and quercetin decreased significantly in the damaged apple tissue, the antioxidant capacity of cells decreased, the redox state was unbalanced, and the cell structure was destroyed, resulting in browning. The results of this study further enrich the theoretical basis of CO₂ damage, and provide reference for the practical application of high concentration CO₂ preservation technology.


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide , Fruit , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Malus/genetics , Metabolome , Transcriptome
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 372-376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880283

ABSTRACT

The echinoderm microtubule associated protein-like 4 (EML4) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) were fractured and fused to become EML4-ALK. Most of these EML4-ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients respond well to the ALK inhibitor. Many patients can benefit from drug target therapy for a long time, and some patients can achieve long-term survival of more than 7 years under the optimized treatment mode. This patient has lung adenocarcinoma positive for EML4-ALK fusion gene, but the treatment outcome is obviously different from that of other patients with lung cancer positive for EML4-ALK fusion gene. After the first to third generations of ALK inhibitor targeted therapy and chemotherapy, the disease progresses rapidly, the drug resistance time is short, the survival time is short, and the benefit is limited. The patient received targeted therapy of Crizotinib, Ceritinib and Lorlatinib successively from July 15, 2019, followed by two chemotherapy courses of Bevacizumab combined with Pemetrexed and Carboplatin. The patient died on September 10, 2020, with a survival of 15 months. At the same time, the treatment showed common adverse reactions of ALK inhibitors. This paper analyzed the therapeutic effect and treatment dilemma of this patient, and provided an exploration direction for the treatment of patients with EML4-ALK fusion gene positive lung cancer.
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8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 62-67, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate Masquelet technique plus flap transfer in repair of tibial infected defects complicated with extensive soft tissue defects in the lower leg.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in the 23 patients who had been treated by Masquelet technique plus flap transfer at Institute of Orthopedics and Trauma, 920 Hospital for tibial infected defects complicated with extensive soft tissue defects in the lower leg from March 2016 to June 2019. They were 15 males and 8 females, aged from 18 to 59 years (average, 38.4 years). The duration of disease ranged from 6 to 312 months (average, 23.6 months). All patients underwent surgery by 2 stages:1) debridement, locking compression plate fixation, formation of induced membrane by antibiotic-loaded bone cement, and repair of soft tissue defects with lower leg flaps; 2) removal of bone cement and fixation 6 to 8 weeks after infection control, fixation of broken ends after rinse, followed by grafting of cancellous bone particles in the induced membrane. The area of wound soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 4.0 cm × 3.5 cm to 18.0 cm × 6.0 cm, and the length of bone defects from 6 to 12 cm (average, 8.4 cm). Locally grafted were pedicled fasciocutaneous flap in 4 cases, sural nerve nutrition skin flap in 9 cases (including 4 anterograde and 5 retrograde ones), saphenous nerve nutrition vascular flap in 7 cases (including 2 anterograde and 5 retrograde ones), retrograde superficial peroneal nerve nutrient vessel flap in one and free flap in 2 cases. The curative efficacy was evaluated according to the Paley fracture healing scores.Results:All the 23 patients were followed up for 9 to 46 months (average, 15.6 months). Flaps healed by the first stage in 18 cases and after skin grafting in 3 cases; skin flap transfer was conducted again in 2 cases. Infection was controlled in 21 cases but recurred in 2 cases at 9 and 14 months respectively after secondary surgery. The time for bone reunion ranged from 4 to 11 months (average, 6.2 months). According to the Paley criteria for fracture healing, 21 cases were excellent, one was good and one poor.Conclusion:In the treatment of tibial infected defects complicated with extensive soft tissue defects, Masquelet technique plus transfer of a variety of lower leg flaps can result in reliable outcomes because it controls infection, promotes formation of complete induced membrane and accelerates the process of bone reconstruction along with repair of soft tissue defects.

9.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 769-787, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888728

ABSTRACT

Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) is a lysosome-dependent selective degradation pathway implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanisms that regulate CMA are not fully understood. Here, using unbiased drug screening approaches, we discover Metformin, a drug that is commonly the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes, can induce CMA. We delineate the mechanism of CMA induction by Metformin to be via activation of TAK1-IKKα/β signaling that leads to phosphorylation of Ser85 of the key mediator of CMA, Hsc70, and its activation. Notably, we find that amyloid-beta precursor protein (APP) is a CMA substrate and that it binds to Hsc70 in an IKKα/β-dependent manner. The inhibition of CMA-mediated degradation of APP enhances its cytotoxicity. Importantly, we find that in the APP/PS1 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD), activation of CMA by Hsc70 overexpression or Metformin potently reduces the accumulated brain Aβ plaque levels and reverses the molecular and behavioral AD phenotypes. Our study elucidates a novel mechanism of CMA regulation via Metformin-TAK1-IKKα/β-Hsc70 signaling and suggests Metformin as a new activator of CMA for diseases, such as AD, where such therapeutic intervention could be beneficial.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1194-1198, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and genetic basis of three children with mental retardation, language impairment and autistic features due to de novo variants of FOXP1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the children were collected.Trio-whole exome sequencing was carried out for the children and their parents. Pathogenicity of the variants was analyzed through bioinformatics prediction.@*RESULTS@#All of the children had various degrees of mental retardation in conjunct with language deficit, global developmental delay, abnormal behavior and peculiar facial features, among whom two also developed autism spectrum disorders. The results of genetic testing showed that all three children harbored de novo variants of the FOXP1 gene, namely c.613_c.614delCTinsTA, c.1248delC and c.1393A>G. Two of these were frameshift variants and one was missense variant, which were all rated as pathogenic based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG). Database search suggested that c.613_c.614delCTinsTA and c.1248delC were unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#For the three children from unrelated families with mental retardation in conjunct with language deficit, global growth delay, abnormal behavior and peculiar facial features, the c.613_ c. 614delCTinsTA, c.1248delC and c.1393A>G variants of the FOXP1 gene may be the pathogenic factors. Above cases have further expanded the genotype-phenotype profile of FOXP1 deficiency syndrome.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Autistic Disorder/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Testing , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Language Development Disorders/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Exome Sequencing
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1668-1670, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837589

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between interaction effects of dietary behaviors and caregivers s type on overweight or obesity among left-behind children, and to provide a reference for overweight or obesity prevention among the left-behind children.@*Methods@#From October to December 2018, 877 left-behind children aged 7-18 years were randomly selected from a stratified cluster in county, Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province.Type of caregives, dietary behavior, health status were collected from questionnaires, height, weight were examined.@*Results@#The detection rate of overweight and obesity in left-behind children was 21.7%(190/877), and the rate of overweight and obese left-behind children with other foster parents was 29.8%(158/530), higher than the rate of 16.2%(32/198). The detection rate of overweight and obesity of left-behind children who consumed high level of western fast food was 59.0%(59/100). There were significant differences in rate of overweight and obesity by type of caregiver and western food consumption. Regression analysis showed that the detection rate of overweight and obesity of left-behind children who often ate western fast food was 5.70 times(95%CI=3.62-8.99) high than that of those who seldom ate western fast food. Interaction analysis showed that the interaction(synergistic effect) of the type of adopter × whether the adopter often ate western fast food(father or mother × yes) presents a positive multiplying interaction(synergistic effect). Left-behind children under paternal or maternal care together with high western fast food consumption greatly increased the risk of overweight and obesity(OR=6.94, 95%CI=2.76-17.44).@*Conclusion@#Frequent consumption of western fast food together with one parent stay at home is associated with overweight and obesity of left-behind children. These two factors have a synergistic effect, which greatly increases the risk of overweight and obesity of left-behind children. In other words, their interaction is a major risk factor.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 728-735, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To carry out nurse-led evidence-based practices to reduce the incidence of pulmonary complications of patients after thoracic surgery.Methods:A multidisciplinary team was set up. The best evidence-based interventions were obtained by adopting evidence-based nursing procedures and were implemented in the clinical practice after localization. Based on the evidence, examination standards were established, and obstacles and promoting factors in the implementation process were evaluated. Then action strategies were formulated to regulate medical staff′s clinical practice. The patients ′ incidence of pulmonary complications, pulmonary function indicators, patient satisfaction and pulmonary rehabilitation knowledge and medical staff′s compliance with examination standards were compared before and after the application of the best evidence. Results:After the application of the best evidence, the incidence of pulmonary complications decreased from 18.2%(6/33) to 0 ( χ2 value was 4.264, P < 0.05). The pulmonary indicators of FEV1/FVC, breath holding test and six minute walking test were (76.1±3.3)%, (27.2±1.5) s and (522.6±13.0) m before the application of best evidence, respectively, and (82.7±2.8)%, (31.0±5.3) s and (561.5±16.4) m after the application of best evidence, respectively. The differences were all statistically significant ( t value was -8.600, -3.007, 10.542, P < 0.01). Meanwhile the medical staff ′s compliance with the 10 examination standards were all increased to over 85% after the implementation of the best evidence ( χ2 value was 16.834-64.000, P<0.01). Patients ′ pulmonary rehabilitation knowledge was 24.2%(8/33) and 83.9% (26/31) respectively before and after the application of the best evidence, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 22.823, P<0.01). Patients ′ satisfaction improved. Conclusions:By applying the best evidence, nurse-led multidisciplinary team can reduce the incidence of pulmonary complications and improve the care quality for patients after thoracic surgery.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 728-735, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To carry out nurse-led evidence-based practices to reduce the incidence of pulmonary complications of patients after thoracic surgery.Methods:A multidisciplinary team was set up. The best evidence-based interventions were obtained by adopting evidence-based nursing procedures and were implemented in the clinical practice after localization. Based on the evidence, examination standards were established, and obstacles and promoting factors in the implementation process were evaluated. Then action strategies were formulated to regulate medical staff′s clinical practice. The patients ′ incidence of pulmonary complications, pulmonary function indicators, patient satisfaction and pulmonary rehabilitation knowledge and medical staff′s compliance with examination standards were compared before and after the application of the best evidence. Results:After the application of the best evidence, the incidence of pulmonary complications decreased from 18.2%(6/33) to 0 ( χ2 value was 4.264, P < 0.05). The pulmonary indicators of FEV1/FVC, breath holding test and six minute walking test were (76.1±3.3)%, (27.2±1.5) s and (522.6±13.0) m before the application of best evidence, respectively, and (82.7±2.8)%, (31.0±5.3) s and (561.5±16.4) m after the application of best evidence, respectively. The differences were all statistically significant ( t value was -8.600, -3.007, 10.542, P < 0.01). Meanwhile the medical staff ′s compliance with the 10 examination standards were all increased to over 85% after the implementation of the best evidence ( χ2 value was 16.834-64.000, P<0.01). Patients ′ pulmonary rehabilitation knowledge was 24.2%(8/33) and 83.9% (26/31) respectively before and after the application of the best evidence, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 22.823, P<0.01). Patients ′ satisfaction improved. Conclusions:By applying the best evidence, nurse-led multidisciplinary team can reduce the incidence of pulmonary complications and improve the care quality for patients after thoracic surgery.

14.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 132-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841594

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the changes of the levels of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) and lipoprotein a [Lp (a)], and to clarify the relationships between the severity of coronary artery lesions and the prognosis in the patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCD. Methods: A total of 316 AMI patients underwent emergency PCI were selected. According to the number of stenosed coronary vessels, the patients were divided into single-vessel disease group (n=135), double-vessel disease group (n= 99) and three-vessel disease group (n=82). According to the Gensini score, there were 79 cases in 83. 00 group. The patients' general data, biochemical parameters, echocardiography results, and coronary angiography findings were recorded, and the major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were also recorded during a 12-month folow-up. The relationships between the serum NT-pro BNP and Lp (a) levels of the AMI patients in different lesion counts and Gensini scores, and the recent Accurrence of MACE were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to investigate the values of NT-pro BNP and Lp (a) levels on predicting the recent MACE in the patients with AMI. Results: The serum NT-pro BNP levels of the patients in three-vessel disease group and double-vessel disease group were higher than that in single-vessel disease group (P< 0.01); the serum Lp (a) level of the patients in three-vessel disease group was higher than that in single-vessel disease group (P<0.05). According to Spearman correlation analysis, there were positive correlations between the serum NT-pro BNP level, Lp (a) level of the AMI patients and the number of coronary vessels (r=0.285, P< 0.01; r=0.144, P=0.010); there were positive correlation between the serum NT-pro BNP level, Lp (a) level and Gensini score of coronary lesions (r=0.156, P=0.006; r=0.164, P=0.003). The serum NT-pro BNP and Lp (a) levels of the patients with MACE during follow-up were higher than those in the patients without MACE. The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the levels of serum NT-pro BNP and Lp (a) was 0.747 (95%CI: 0.679-0.814). Conclusion: The serum NT-pro BNP and Lp (a) levels have the certain relationships with the severity of coronary artery lesions in the AMI patients after PCI. The simultaneous detection A serum NT-pro BNP and Lp (a) levels has certain predictive value for the recent Accurrence of MACE in the AMI patients underwent emergency PCI.

15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1593-1600, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the expressions of JMJD3, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in invasive ductal breast carcinoma, their association with the clinicopathological features of the patients and the effect of JMJD3 overexpression on proliferation and MMP-2 and VEGF expressions in breast cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The protein and mRNA expressions of JMJD3, MMP-2, and VEGF in invasive ductal breast carcinoma and paired adjacent tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR, respectively, and their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of the patients was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of JMJD3, MMP-2 and VEGF expression levels with the survival of the patients. In breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with a JMJD3-expression plasmid, the expression of Ki67 was examined immunohistochemically, the cell proliferation was assessed with CCK8 assay, and the mRNA expressions of MMP-2 and VEGF were detected with RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Breast cancer tissues had significantly lower JMJD3 expression and higher MMP-2 and VEGF expressions at both the mRNA and protein levels than the adjacent tissue (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expressions of JMJD3, MMP-2 and VEGF in invasive ductal breast carcinoma are closely correlated to tumor proliferation, invasion, metastasis and prognosis and can be used for prognostic evaluation of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/genetics , Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases , Lymphatic Metastasis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Prognosis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 410-414, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a set of comprehensive appraisal indicator system for the full-time scientific research personnel in Level-three general hospitals, improve the management of full-time scientific research personnel at hospital.Methods:Firstly, an initial indicator system was established by literature review and in-depth interviews with experts. Secondly, Delphi method was used to screen the indicators to confirm the indicator system. Finally, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to determine the weights of indicators at all levels, consistency tests were also conducted.Results:A set of comprehensive appraisal index system for full-time scientific research personnel in Level-three general hospitals was established, including four first-level indicators, which covered the comprehensive quality, scientific research capacity, scientific research performance and academic impact, as well as other 17 secondary indicators and 53 third-level indicators. Among these indicators, the scientific research performance has the largest weight value (0.5224), and according to the consistency test results, CR was less than 0.1. Besides, through the consistency test, the weight assignment is reasonable.Conclusions:The appraisal index system of full-time scientific research personnel in Level-three general hospitals is reliable. It can be used as a tool for evaluation of full-time scientific research personnel, which also provide reference for other hospitals to improve the management of full-time scientific research personnel.

17.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 226-228, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693482

ABSTRACT

The low expression of microRNA-335 (miR-335) indicates poor prognosis in many types of cancer,such as gastric cancer,breast cancer,lung cancer and other solid tumors.The low expression of miR-335 can promote tumor metastasis and progression,and is associated with histological grading,lymph node metastasis and tumor staging,which provids a new way of thinking for the diagnosis and treatment of tumors.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 207-211, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708722

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct Evaluation Form for TCM Nursing with Syndrome Differentiation for Lumbar Disc Herniation in order to provide references for better nursing care of patients with lumbar disc herniation with syndrome differentiation.Methods According to the principle of "discern Yin and Yang,grasp the main symptoms",literature analysis and Delphi method were used to draft the primary and secondary symptoms of lumbar disc herniation's common syndromes,and Evaluation Form for TCM Nursing with Syndrome Differentiation for Lumbar Disc Herniation was developed.Totally 84 patients were recruited,and results evaluated by clinical physicians and nurses using the evaluation form were compared.Results By means of the evaluation form,80 patients were considered as the type of "Xue yu qi zhi",1 patient as the type of "Han shi bi zu",the others three as the type of "Gan shen kui xu";according to clinical physicians,83 patients were the type of "Xue yu qi zhi",and 1 patient was the type of "Gan shen kui xu".The consistency rate of two methods was 96.43%,and there was no significant difference (P>0.05).Conclusion There was no statistically significant difference between the results from clinical physicians and nurses using the evaluation form.The evaluation form is applicable in clinical practice,which can lay the foundation for nurses to carry out nursing with syndrome differentiation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 83-87, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of pyrophosphorolysis-activated polymerization(PAP)to monitor plasma cfDNA in ad-vanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC).Methods:A total of 85 patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC between March 2016 and June 2017 were enrolled in the present study. EGFR mutations in cfDNA extracted from the plasma were detected using PAP and ARMS-PCR technology.The concordance analysis of EGFR mutations involved plasma vs.tumor tissue and PAP vs.ARMS-PCR.Further-more,38 EGFR-positive patients were selected to monitor EGFR mutations with PAP.Results:No statistical differences in EGFR muta-tions were observed between plasma and tumor tissue(P=0.092),as well as PAP and ARMS-PCR(P=0.210).The detection rate of EGFR mutations in cfDNA was higher in the progressor than in the non-progressor(62.5% vs.21.3%,P<0.001).Conclusions:PAP can be used for detecting and monitoring EGFR mutations in cfDNA to predict disease progression.

20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 428-430, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772422

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the number of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients has gradually increased, and the treatment methods have also been significantly increased. However, there are no standard treatment plans at home and abroad for third-line and above patients who are refractory to targeted therapy epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) or chemotherapy. The clinical treatment effect is also not satisfactory. Anlotinib is a novel TKI targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR), platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) and c-Kit. ALTER0303 trail, phase III study has demonstrated that Anlotinib significantly prolonged overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in advanced NSCLC patients as 3rd line treatment.Here we report a case of advanced lung adenocarcinoma harboring KRAS mutation treated with Anlotinib.
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Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Indoles , Therapeutic Uses , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , Genetics , Metabolism , Quinolines , Therapeutic Uses
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