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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 483-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965611

ABSTRACT

In the research on cancer theranostics, most environment-sensitive drug delivery systems can only achieve unidirectional and irreversible responsive changes under pathological conditions, thereby improving the targeting effect and drug release performance of the delivery system. However, such irreversible changes pose potential safety hazards when the dynamically distributed delivery system returns to the blood circulation or transports to the normal physiological environment. Intelligent reversible drug delivery systems can respond to normal physiological and pathological microenvironments to achieve bidirectional and reversible structural changes. This feature will help to precisely control the drug release of the delivery system, prolong the blood circulation time, improve the targeting efficiency, and avoid the potential safety hazards of the irreversible drug delivery system. In this review, we describe the research progress of intelligent reversible drug delivery system from two main aspects: controlled drug release and prolonged blood circulation time/enhanced cellular internalization of drug.

3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 457-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986094

ABSTRACT

To propose a new student-guided teaching method, in which students carried out the clustering of different diseases with the same pathological characteristics, and differentiated diagnosis of these diseases. This method was named pathological feature clustering (PFC). Seventy-seven undergraduates of School of Stomatology, Wuhan University were enrolled. Stratified random sampling method was adopted to divide the students into 4 groups with 18-20 students in each group. Each group of students selected a disease from the following four topics as the theme and summarize the histological characteristics of the disease: ①oral mucosal disease;②odontogenic tumors and tumor-like lesions, oral and maxillofacial cysts; ③salivary gland diseases;④epithelial-derived tumors and tumor-like lesions (referred to as topics 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively). When discussing a specific type of disease, the group which select the topic was the summary group (SG), and the other groups were the non-summary group (NSG). After summarizing, students shared the summary results through PPTs, and teachers made comments and supplements. The teaching effect was evaluated by comparing the results of the pre-class test and the final examination. Students' acceptance of PFC teaching method was evaluated through a questionnaire, which included 8 objective questions and 1 subjective question. Likert-scale was used to design the questionnaire, with 1 to 5 points for each question. Students rated each question according to their own situation. Differences among groups were compared by Mann-Whitney U nonparametric test. The pre-class test results showed that the scores of students in SG group in subjects 1, 2, 3 [(5.6±0.8), 5.0(1.0) and (2.9±1.0) points for subjects 1, 2 and 3, respectively] were higher than those in NSG group [(5.1±1.0), 4.0(2.5) and 1.5(2.5) points] (U=402.50, P=0.047; U=392.00, P=0.026; U=295.00, P=0.003). The final examination results showed that there was no significant difference between the scores of the SG group and the NSG group in subjects 1, 2, 3 and 4 (P>0.05). These results showed that the differences between SG and NSG groups were reduced after the summarizing and share between groups, further demonstrating the effectiveness of the PFC teaching method. The results of questionnaire showed that 81.8%(63/77) students were completely satisfied with PFC teaching method, 13.0%(10/77) students were satisfied and 5.2%(4/77) students were basically satisfied. According to the feedback of Likert scale objective evaluation questionnaire, the mean score of each question ranged from 4.19 to 4.77, indicating that students believed that PFC teaching method had a positive impact on the learning of oral pathology. The PFC teaching method proposed in this study could improve the ability of pathological differential diagnosis of undergraduates.

4.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 324-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936215

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate ferroptosis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and its regulation by M2 macrophage-derived exosomes. Methods: LSCC and adjacent noncancerous tissue samples were collected from 32 patients treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin between September 2018 and April 2021, including 26 males and 6 females, aged 43-79 years. The expressions of ferroptosis marker glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4) in LSCC and adjacent noncancerous tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). The correlations between GPX4 expression and clinicopathological factors in LSCC were analyzed. Biological changes of TU212 cells after treated with ferroptosis-induced agent erastin were detected by transmission electron microscope, cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), clone test, reactive oxygen species(ROS), malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione(GSH), JC-1, RT-PCR and western blot. Exosomes were isolated from the supernatant of M0/M2 macrophages (M0-exos/M2-exos) and co-incubated with erastin-treated TU212 cells to detect the change of ferroptosis in cells of each group. The data were analyzed by SPSS software of version19.0. Results: GPX4 expression in LSCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent noncancerous tissues (2.04±0.65 vs. 0.99±0.09, F=30.36, P<0.001), and was closely related to T stage and clinical stage (Ⅰ-Ⅱvs.Ⅲ-Ⅳ: 1.75±0.39 vs. 2.18±0.71, F=2.25, P<0.05; T1-2 vs. T3-4: 1.71±0.42 vs. 2.20±0.69, F=2.06, P<0.05). In TU212 cells treated with erastin, mitochondrial crest became smaller, membrane density increased, proliferation rate decreased, intracellular ROS level increased, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarized, GSH content decreased, intracellular MDA level increased and expressions of GPX4 mRNA and protein decreased. Change of M0 into M2 macrophages was induced by IL-4 stimulation. When erastin-treated TU212 cells were incubated with M2-exos, cell proliferation was partially restored and GPX4 expression was enhanced, and also with the recoveries of levels of ROS, MDA and GSH (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Ferroptosis is one of the cell death ways of LSCC. M2-exos may inhibit ferroptosis of LSCC cells.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Exosomes , Ferroptosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Macrophages , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 54-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940386

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the virulence and biofilm inhibition effect of Fufang Huangbai Fluid Paint (FFHBFP) on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and to explore the antibacterial effect of FFHBFP on MRSA, which provides a theoretical basis and reference for clinical medication. MethodFirstly, the microdilution method and time–growth curve were used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of FFHBFP and vancomycin (VAN) against MRSA and the effect on bacterial growth. The effects of FFHBFP and VAN on the inhibition of MRSA virulence factor lipase and restoration of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) sensitivity were detected under sub-minimum inhibitory concentration (sub-MIC). The inhibitory effect of FFHBFP and VAN on MRSA biofilm formation and maturation was detected by the microplate method. The morphological changes of mature biofilms before and after administration were observed under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was utilized to detect the effect of 50.600 g·L-1 concentration of FFHBFP on the expression of MRSA virulence gene crtM and biofilm-forming genes fnbA and icaA. Finally, molecular docking technology was used to predict the mechanism of potential antibacterial active ingredients of FFHBFP in inhibiting the virulence and biofilm of MRSA. ResultThe MIC of VAN was 2 mg·L-1, and VAN below 1 mg·L-1 exerted no effect on MRSA growth. The MIC of FFHBFP was not determined, while the 101.200-202.400 g·L-1 original solution inhibited MRSA growth. Compared with the blank group and the VAN group, sub-MIC (25.300-50.600 g·L-1 original solution) inhibited lipase and recovered MRSA sensitivity to H2O2 (P<0.01). The results of the microplate method showed that FFHBFP (25.300-202.400 g·L-1 original solution) inhibited biofilm formation and maturation (P<0.05, P<0.01). The SEM exhibited that FFHBFP made the structure of biofilm loose and the size of the bacteria varied. FFHBFP at 50.600 g·L-1 concentration can inhibit the expression of related virulence genes and biofilm-forming genes (P<0.05, P<0.01), and molecular docking results also showed that the main antibacterial active ingredients in FFHBFP have good binding ability to the target. ConclusionFFHBFP that cannot directly kill MRSA exerts clinical efficacy by impairing virulence expression, biofilm formation, and other pathogenic properties.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 385-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923586

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and evaluate the predictive value of the risk prediction model for lung infection within postoperative 1 year in kidney transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 197 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the infection group (n=42) and non-infection group (n=155) according to the incidence of lung infection within postoperative 1 year. The incidence and risk factors of lung infection after kidney transplantation were analyzed. Risk prediction model was established by multiple logistic regression analysis. Forty-five kidney transplant recipients who met the inclusion criteria, including 8 cases in the infection group and 37 cases in the non-infection group, were selected to verify the predictive effect of the established model. Results The incidence of lung infection within 1 year after kidney transplantation was 21.3% (n=42), including 38 cases (90%) of pneumonia severity index (PSI) class Ⅰ, 1 case (2%) of PSI class Ⅲ and 3 cases (8%) of PSI class Ⅴ. Lung infection occurred within 1 month after operation in 13 cases, within postoperative 2-6 months in 22 cases and after postoperative 6 months in 7 cases. Nineteen recipients were diagnosed with bacterial infection, 7 cases of fungal infection, 10 cases of viral infection and 6 cases of mixed infection. Smoking history, diabetes mellitus history, pulmonary disease history and albumin level of < 35 g/L were the independent risk factors for lung infection after kidney transplantation (all P < 0.05). The equation of risk prediction model for postoperative lung infection in kidney transplant recipients was logit (lung infection within postoperative 1 year in kidney transplant recipients)=-1.891+1.063×smoking history (yes=1, no=0)+1.398×diabetes mellitus history (yes=1, no=0)+1.732×pulmonary disease history (yes=1, no=0)+1.269×albumin level (< 35 g/L=1, ≥35 g/L=0). The area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was 0.788, the sensitivity was 0.786, the specificity was 0.645, and the Youden index was 0.431, respectively. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test demonstrated that the predicted value of this model yielded relatively high consistency with the observed value. The AUC in the verification group was 0.834. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test validated high degree of calibration of this model. Conclusions The risk prediction model, consisting of smoking history, diabetes mellitus history, pulmonary disease history and albumin level as predictors, may effectively predict the incidence of lung infection within postoperative 1 year in kidney transplant recipients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 626-634, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942490

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the role and mechanism of long non-coding RNA RP11-159K7.2 in the progression of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC). Methods: Sixty-five cases of SNSCC tissues and adjacent tissues were selected from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from 2009 to 2014. The expression of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC and adjacent tissues was detected by RNAscope in situ hybridization to observe its association with prognosis. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR associated proteins 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) was used to knockout the expression of RP11-159K7.2 in RPMI-2650 cells (SNSCC cell line). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing and Transwell were performed to observe the changes of proliferation, migration and invasion of SNSCC cells in vitro after down-regulation of RP11-159K7.2. Moreover, the growth of xenograft in nude mice after down-regulation of RP11-159K7.2 was examined in vivo. Mechanically, the protein chip, Western blot and RNA immunoprecipitation were performed to identify the proteins bound by RP11-159K7.2. SPSS 17.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: The expression of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues. RP11-159K7.2 expression was closely related with T grade, nodal metastasis and differentiation of SNSCC (χ2 value was 4.697, 4.235 and 10.753, respectively, all P<0.05). The five-year survival rate of RP11-159K7.2 high expression patients was significantly lower than that of RP11-159K7.2 low expression ones (P=0.013 7). After the down-regulation of RP11-159K7.2, the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of SNSCC cells decreased significantly, and the growth of SNSCC xenograft was significantly inhibited. There were 31 candidate proteins that may bind to RP11-159K7.2. RP11-159K7.2 directly bound to nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in SNSCC cells, and the regulation of RP11-159K7.2 on the proliferation and invasion of SNSCC cells depended on NF-κB. Conclusion: The increased expression of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC may serve as a potential molecular marker for SNSCC prognosis assessment. It is currently considered that the carcinogenic mechanism of RP11-159K7.2 in SNSCC is related to the regulation of NF-κB protein.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 128-135, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873259

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the feasibility of the rapid identification system(MALDI-Biotyper System) of microorganisms for rapid identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and clinical isolation of Staphylococcus aureus. Method::Identification quality control and clinical isolation were conducted for drug resistance of S. aureus by microbial rapid identification system and broth dilution method. The scores of microbial rapid identification system were compared with the MIC value of broth dilution method. The drug resistance of P. aeruginosa was simultaneously identified to determine the accuracy and applicability of the rapid identification system of microorganisms. Result::The scores of the microbial rapid identification system showed that the score of sensitive quality control strain S. aureus was higher than 2.000, and the that of resistant strain of methicillin-resistant S. aureus(methicillin-resistant S. aureus, MRSA)was between 1.700 and 2.000.The score of clinically isolated S. aureus was between 1.700 and 2.000, which suggested the drug resistance and was consistent with the MIC value of the broth dilution method. At the same time, the systemic identification value of the P. aeruginosa, which is independent of the quality control sensitive strain, was greater than 2.000, showing sensitivity and it was a sensitive strain itself, which was consistent with the results. Conclusion::The microbial rapid identification system scoring method can be used for the rapid identification of the drug resistance of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 936-939, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability and validity of Chinese version of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS)-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and then do comparative analysis with original UPDRS. Methods:From May, 2016 to December, 2018, 225 patients with Parkinson's disease were respectively evaluated by MDS-UPDRS and UPDRS, and then the reliability and validity of MDS-UPDRS were evaluated. Correlation between two scales was analyzed. Results:The Cronbach's coefficient of the total MDS-UPDRS was 0.734. Rank correlation's coefficient was 0.905. For factor analysis, KMO was 0.728. Pearson's correlation analysis showed that the correlation's coefficient of the common factor of the two scales was 0.969, while the correlation's coefficient of the total score of the two scales was 0.972. Compared with UPDRS, MDS-UPDRS added a number of non-motor symptoms, which adjusted the standard of measurement and increased the accuracy degree of evaluation at early stage of disease. Besides, MDS-UPDRS added a lot of instructions to evaluate the standards to make the evaluation normatively. Conclusion:Chinese version of MDS-UPDRS has high reliability and validity, and highly correlate with the original UPDRS. It is more suitable for Chinese patients with Parkinson's disease in clinical evaluation than UPDRS.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 60-66, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of combination of Tanreqing injection(Tanreqing) and imipenem-cilastatin on extensively-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDPA), and study the mechanism of the combination. Method:The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of Tanreqing and imipenem-cilastatin against planktonic XDPA strain isolated in clinic were determined by the broth microdilution method. The checkerboard method was used to evaluate the combination effect. The bacterial metabolic activity in mature biofilm was studied by microtiter-plate test. The destructive effect of combination drugs on dynamic biofilm was observed by using BioFlux system, and viable cells were examined by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) after treatment. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for observing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and length measurement. Result:The MIC values of imipenem-cilastatin and Tanreqing were 512 mg·L-1 and more than 16 500 mg·L-1. The checkerboard analysis showed that Tanreqing could enhance the sensitivity of imipenem-cilastatin, while the combination drugs synergistically inhibited the growth of bacteria. Compared with the control group or the imipenem-cilastatin individual group, the combined drugs significantly reduced the amount of living bacteria in the biofilm (PPPConclusion:Tanreqing and imipenem-cilastatin synergistically inhibit the bacterial growth in planktonic and biofilm states, and destruct biofilms.

11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 132-137, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692395

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a height prediction model of Chinese Han male based on the reported 547 height-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) loci in Europeans, and assess its accuracy for height estimation. Methods The DNA typing was analyzed in 59 Han male samples of Shandong province by Affymetrix SNP Array 6.0 chip and HiSeq 4000 sequencing platform. Prediction model was established using 547 height-associated SNPs loci as predictors and weight allele sums (WAS) as com-puting method. The accuracy of height prediction model was analysed using receiver operating characteris-tic (ROC) curve and area under curve (AUC). Results There was no height-associated SNPs locus was found by genome-wide association studies. In present study, height prediction model was established by WAS and obtained an AUC of 0.67 (95%CI:0.53-0.90). Conclusion It has reference value for predicting the height of Han male in Shandong province by WAS model based on 547 SNPs loci, while it is still necessary to further promote the accuracy of the prediction model by screening more height-associated SNPs loci with population heterogeneity.

12.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 780-786, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692314

ABSTRACT

The effect of CdS quantum dots (QDs) on the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) signal of Ru(bpy)32+ was studied. It was found that CdS QDs could enhance the anodic ECL of Ru(bpy)32+ by 4 times. The sensitization mechanism was discussed and the influence factors including concentrations of Ru (bpy)32+ and CdS QDs, pH of solution and scan rate on ECL intensity were investigated. On the basis of quenching effect of catechol on the ECL signal of CdS QDs-Ru(bpy)32+,a system for sensitive determination of catechol was established with a detection limit of 5.5 nmol/L (S/N=3). This method was applied to the detection of catechol in tea sample with satisfactory results.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2006-2011, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780083

ABSTRACT

Depression is a common mental disorder. It is estimated that by 2020, the global incidence of depression will be about 20%, which will bring huge economic burden to society. The pathogenesis of depression is complicated, the diagnostic method is not objective, and the cure rate is low. Antidepressants are often associated with adverse reactions during treatment, and patient compliance is poor. Therefore, a single component with antidepressant effects in natural medicines or a compound Chinese medicine gradually shows an advantage in the treatment of depression. Berberine (C20H18NO4) is one of the main components of traditional Chinese medicine Coptis. In recent years, a large amount of evidence indicates that berberine has a good antidepressant effect on different animal models of depression, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of monoamines and metabolism, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidation in the brain. This article describes the antidepressant effect and mechanism of berberine, and provides a basis for further exploration and research on the antidepressant effect of berberine.

14.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 67-74, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20736

ABSTRACT

In order to find potential therapeutic agents on lung inflammatory conditions, the extracts of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus were prepared and its constituents were isolated. They include lignans such as (+)-syringaresinol (1), acanthoside B (2), salvadoraside (3) and acanthoside D (4), lariciresinol-9-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5) and phenylpropanoids such as 4-[(1E)-3-methoxy-1-propenyl]phenol (6), coniferin (7), and methyl caffeate (8). The extracts and several constituents such as compound 1, 6 and 8 inhibited the production of inflammatory markers, IL-6 and nitric oxide, from IL-1beta-treated lung epithelial cells and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated alveolar macrophages. Furthermore, the extracts and compound 4 significantly inhibited lung inflammation in lipolysaccharide-treated acute lung injury in mice by oral administration. Thus it is suggested that A. divaricatus var. albeofructus and its several constituents may be effective against lung inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Eleutherococcus , Acute Lung Injury , Administration, Oral , Epithelial Cells , Interleukin-6 , Lignans , Lung , Macrophages , Macrophages, Alveolar , Nitric Oxide , Pneumonia
15.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 334-340, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-199227

ABSTRACT

In this study, 23 oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins were isolated from a methanol extract of the roots of Pulsatilla koreana. The NF-kappaB inhibitory activity of the isolated compounds was measured in TNFalpha-treated HepG2 cells using a luciferase reporter system. Compounds 19-23 inhibited TNFalpha-stimulated NF-kappaB activation in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 values ranging from 0.75-8.30 microM. Compounds 19 and 20 also inhibited the TNFalpha-induced expression of iNOS and ICAM-1 mRNA. Moreover, effect of the isolated compounds on PPARs transcriptional activity was assessed. Compounds 7-11 and 19-23 activated PPARs the transcriptional activity significantly in a dose-dependent manner, with EC50 values ranging from 0.9-10.8 microM. These results suggest the presence of potent anti-inflammatory components in P. koreana, and will facilitate the development of novel anti-inflammatory agents.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Hep G2 Cells , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Luciferases , Methanol , NF-kappa B , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors , Pulsatilla , RNA, Messenger , Saponins , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 183-185, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337238

ABSTRACT

To effectively guarantee quality of randomized controlld trial (RCT) of acupuncture and develop reasonable content and checklist of on-site quality control, influencing factors on quality of acupuncture RCT are analyzed and scientificity of quality control content and feasibility of on-site manipulation are put into overall consideration. Based on content and checklist of on-site quality control in National 11th Five-Year Plan Project Optimization of Comprehensive Treatment Plan for TCM in Prevention and Treatment of Serious Disease and Clinical Assessment on Generic Technology and Quality Control Research, it is proposed that on-site quality control of acupuncture RCT should be conducted with PICOST (patient, intervention, comparison, out come, site and time) as core, especially on quality control of interveners' skills and outcome assessment of blinding, and checklist of on-site quality control is developed to provide references for undertaking groups of the project.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Reference Standards , China , Quality Control , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Research Design , Reference Standards
17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 490-494, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301438

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the functional results of transoral CO2 laser epiglottectomy with transcervical supraglottic laryngectomy and to find the landmarks for CO2 laser surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-nine preoperatively untreated patients diagnosed as clinical T1-2N0M0 epiglottic carcinomas enrolled from June 1, 2006, to November 1, 2009 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were studied retrospectively. Seventeen cases were treated by CO2 laser whereas 32 by open surgeries. The upper edge of thyroid cartilage and mucosal recess infra epiglottic tubercle could be used as intraoperation landmarks for transoral CO2 laser surgery. Optional neck dissections (II, III) were performed for 34 patients with tumors on laryngeal face, but not for 15 with tumors on the edges of epiglottis or small laryngeal face tumors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow-up for this study covers a period ranging from 3 to 6 years postoperatively. Four local recurrences were found for this study, 2 for laser surgery who underwent additional repeated exisions and 2 for conventional techniques, one received radiotherapy (60 Gy) and another with total laryngectomy. The incidence of lymph node metastasis was 10.2% (5/49) in all cases. Time of naso-feeding or hospitalisation was significantly shorter for CO2 laser treated patients than that for open techniques. Overall 3 year's survival rates were 100% and 90.6% for CO2 laser and the open techniques respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared to the open technique, transoral CO2 laser epiglottectomy is a well-tolerated and promising resection technique with low morbidity for early epiglottic carcinomas, and the identification of landmarks is useful for entire resection of epiglottis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Carbon Dioxide , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Epiglottis , General Surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Methods , Larynx , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Gas , Therapeutic Uses , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1035-1037, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280782

ABSTRACT

Professor Li Zhi-dao has special method to treat knee osteoarthritis. He pays great attention to Feijing Zouqi method; beside the traditional acupoints, he creates two groups of acupoints: nine acupoints of the anterior or the posterior of the thigh, and what's more, he emphasises on improving the function of tendon; he particularly adopts fire needle therapy for the severe and invalidism patients. In addition, professor Li Zhi-dao pays great attention to the effect of the model and method of exercise on the osteoarthritis, and he advocates the patient should keep right active and passive movement of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics
19.
Tumor ; (12): 40-43, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between TFPI-2 gene expression and the invasion, metastasis, and prognosis of supraglottic carcinoma. Methods: Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical methods were used to examine the expression of TFPI-2 in supraglottic carcinoma, and the relationship between TFPI-2 expression and the clinicopathological features of supraglottic carcinoma were analyzed. Results: Positive ratio of TFPI-2 expression was significantly increased at protein and mRNA levels in supraglottic carcinoma tissues (P < 0.05). TFPI-2 mRNA and protein expression were decreased with the increase in the invasive depth of supraglottic carcinoma (P < 0.05). TFPI-2 mRNA and protein expression were significantly lower in supraglottic carcinoma tissues with nodal metastasis and at III-IV clinical stage than those without nodal metastasis and at I - II clinical stage (P < 0.05). The staining intensity of TFPI-2 protein was also decreased with increase in invasive depth and nodal metastasis (P < 0.05). The supraglottic carcinoma patients with negative TFPI-2 protein expression had poor prognosis than those with positive TFPI-2 expression. Conclusion: The downregulation of TFPI-2 has a close relationship with invasion and metastasis of supraglottic carcinoma, and it may serve as a helpful marker in evaluating the metastasis and prognosis of supraglottic carcinoma.

20.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 315-317, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of adenovirus-mediated tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 gene on the invasion of laryngeal squamous cancer.@*METHOD@#Ad-TFPI-2 was transfected into laryngeal squamous cancer (Hep-2) cell. Western-blot was used to test the TFPI-2 protein expression and Boyden Chamber experiment was used to examine the invasive ability of Hep-2 cells. Furthermore, the Ad-TFPI-2 infected Hep-2 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in nude mice and the tumor formation capability were observed.@*RESULT@#Ad-TFPI-2 was identified correctly by endonuclease and sequencing and the virus titer was 2.8 x 10(13) PFU/L. In the Hep-2 cells of treated group, the TFPI-2 protein expression was increased while the invasive capability was descent. The tumor formation capability was also decreased in the treated group nude mouse model.@*CONCLUSION@#TFPI-2 recombinant adenovirus can effectively inhibit the invasive capability of laryngeal squamous cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Adenoviridae , Genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Glycoproteins , Genetics , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Transfection
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