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Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1303-1308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009985


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the consistency of flow cytometry (FCM) method and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique in the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) at different treatment stages in pediatric patients with TCF3/PBX1+ B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and the correlations between the detection results and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 64 newly diagnosed pediatric patients with TCF3/PBX1+ B-ALL admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2005 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. FCM and PCR methods were used to monitor the MRD level in bone marrow samples from 64 children during the same period of treatment on d33 and d90 respectively, and the detection results were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were 37 males and 27 females in the 64 patients, with a median age of 8 years(range 0.8 to 16 years). The complete remission (CR) rate after the first cycle of induction chemotherapy was 98.4% (62/63), with overall CR rate of 100%. 12 patients experienced recurrence, with a median recurrence time of 16.9 (5.3-46.3) months. The median follow-up time of the 64 patients was 77.2 (1.0-184.8) months , and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate were 82.8%±4.7% and 75.0%±5.4%, respectively. On d90, the concordance rate of the MRD results from the two methods was 98.4%, and the related kappa value was 0.792 (P < 0.001), which were significantly higher than those on d33. After induction chemotherapy (d33), the 5-year EFS rate of MRD-FCM- group (79.3%±5.3%) was significantly better than that of MRD-FCM+ group (40.0%±21.9%) (P =0.028), there were no significant differences in the 5-year OS rate and EFS rate between MRD-PCR+ group and MRD-PCR- group, and the 5-year EFS rate of MRD-FCM-/PCR- group (85.4%±5.5%) was significantly better than that of MRD-FCM+/PCR+ group (40.0 %±21.9%) (P =0.026).@*CONCLUSION@#In children with TCF3/PBX1+ B-ALL, the MRD results detected by FCM and PCR methods show good consistency, especially in consolidation therapy period (d90). The MRD level at the end of induction therapy (d33) is an important factor affecting the long-term prognosis, especially the MRD results detected by FCM method, which is significantly associated with prognosis.

Male , Female , Child , Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Clinical Relevance , Retrospective Studies , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Burkitt Lymphoma , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/therapeutic use
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1286-1294, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879791


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical-biological characteristics and prognosis of pediatric pro-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pro-B-ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients aged less than 18 years old with pro-BALL were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect and prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Pro-B-ALL occurred in 6.23% (64/1 028) of pediatric ALL. Among the 64 patients, 35 were male and 29 were female. The median age was 7.0 years (range 0.4-16.0 years) at diagnosis, of which 39% and 6% were ≥ 10 years old and < 1 year old respectively. The median WBC count was 25.5×10@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pediatric pro-B ALL is a heterogeneous disease with clinical and biological diversity. Biological characteristics, such as immunological markers, genetic alterations, and MRD at 3 months after chemotherapy may be important factors for the long-term prognosis.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antigens, CD/genetics , Disease-Free Survival , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/genetics , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 219-224, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011728


Objective: To explore the clinical features and prognostic factors of Ph-positive and/or BCR-ABL positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) in children. Methods: The clinical data of 68 Ph+ ALL children who were treated at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2006 to December 2016 was retrospectively reviewed. Survival analysis were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was estimated by Log-rank test and Chi-square, and multivariate analysis was estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results: In the 68 cases, the proportion of male to female was 2.1∶1, with a median age of 8 (1-16) years, and the median overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 16.8 months and 13.5 months, respectively. The early response rate to treatment was 43.9%, with myeloid-antigens-expression group lower than the non-expression group (29.6% vs 61.3%, χ2=5.814, P=0.020); The complete remission (CR) rate after one-course induction therapy was 86.2% (56/65), with good-response group higher than the poor-response group (100.0% vs 74.2%, χ2=6.680, P=0.003);The CR rate after induction in patients receiving imatinib plus chemotherapy was higher than the patients receiving chemotherapy only (94.9% vs 73.1%, χ2=5.185, P=0.024). The 2-and 5-year OS were (61.4±7.0)% and (50.8±8.1)%, respectively. The 2-and 5-year DFS were (54.6±6.8)% and (48.6±7.3)%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the initial WBC, LDH, spleen size, liver size, with-myeloid-antigens-expression, early response to treatment, MRD (BCR-ABL) after one-course induction, application of imatinib and different treatment options affected 2-year OS rate (all P<0.05). LDH, spleen size, liver size, with-myeloid-antigens-expression, early response to treatment, MRD (BCR-ABL) after one-course induction, application of imatinib and different treatment options affected 2-year DFS rate (all P<0.05). Multivariate prognostic analysis for OS (RR=45.7, 95% CI 1.4-1 528.2, P=0.033) and DFS (RR=52.3, 95% CI 1.6-1 725.9, P=0.026) showed that the spleen ≥ 3 cm was the independent risk factor. Conclusions: Pediatric Ph+ ALL is a special condition with unique clinical and biological features. The early response to treatment was poor in patients with myeloid-antigens-expression, which resulted in a low CR rate after one-course induction and the administration of imatinib can remarkably improve the CR rate. Initial spleen ≥ 3 cm is an independent prognostic factor. The efficacy of chemotherapy alone is poor, and imatinib combined with chemotherapy is applauded in the aim of improving outcomes.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Benzamides , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome