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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 879-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996635

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the causes of conversion to thoracotomy in patients with minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in a surgical team, and to obtain a deeper understanding of the timing of conversion in MIE. Methods     The clinical data of patients who underwent MIE between September 9, 2011 and February 12, 2022 by a single surgical team in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The main influencing factors and perioperative mortality of patients who converted to thoracotomy in this group were analyzed. Results     In the cohort of 791 consecutive patients with MIE, there were 520 males and 271 females, including 29 patients of multiple esophageal cancer, 156 patients of upper thoracic cancer, 524 patients of middle thoracic cancer, and 82 patients of lower thoracic cancer. And 46 patients were converted to thoracotomy for different causes. The main causes for thoracotomy were advanced stage tumor (26 patients), anesthesia-related factors (5 patients), extensive thoracic adhesions (6 patients), and accidental injury of important structures (8 patients). There was a statistical difference in the distribution of tumor locations between patients who converted to thoracotomy and the MIE patients (P<0.05). The proportion of multiple and upper thoracic cancer in patients who converted to thoracotomy was higher than that in the MIE patients, while the proportion of lower thoracic cancer was lower than that in the MIE patients. The perioperative mortality of the thoracotomy patients was not significantly different from that of the MIE patients (P=1.000). Conclusion     In MIE, advanced-stage tumor, anesthesia-related factors,extensive thoracic adhesions, and accidental injury of important structures are the main causes of conversion to thoracotomy. The rate varies at different tumor locations. Intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy does not affect the perioperative mortality of MIE.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 409-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of Grunenwald incision in cervicothoracic junction surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 25 patients with cervicothoracic junction tumor and 1 patient with cervicothoracic junction trauma in the single treatment group of Department of Thoracic Surgery, the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 2011 to September 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, including 19 males and 7 females, aged 9-73 years old. Among the 26 patients, there were 9 cases of upper mediastinal tumor, 6 cases of superior sulcus tumor, 4 cases of thyroid tumor invading the upper mediastinal, 4 cases of chest wall tumor, 2 cases of esophageal cancer combined with supraclavicular lymph node metastasis, and 1 case of foreign body penetrating injury at the cervicothoracic junction. Grunenwald incision or additional posterolateral thoracic incision, median sternal incision, neck collar incision were used in all patients. The degree of tumor resection was evaluated. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay were observed, and the postoperative follow-up was analyzed.Results:There was no perioperative death in the whole group. 14 cases were treated with Grunenwald incision alone, 6 cases with additional posterolateral chest incision, 4 cases with additional neck collar incision, and 2 cases with additional median sternal incision. The tumors were completely resection in 22 cases, palliative tumor resection in 3 cases, and complete foreign body removal in 1 case. Postoperative pathology included 4 cases of schwannoma; 3 cases of lung adenocarcinoma, thyroid cancer and myofibroblastoma, respectively; 2 cases of supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer and lung squamous carcinoma, respectively; 1 case of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, metastatic carcinoma of the first rib after lung squamous cell carcinoma, ganglioneuroma, nodular goiter, hemangioma, well differentiated liposarcoma, vascular endothelial tumor and cavernous angioma, respectively. The operation time was 120-430 min, with a mean of(226.92±88.40)min. The intraoperative blood loss was 100-1 000 ml, with a mean of(273.46±196.34)ml. The length of hospital stay was 6-26 days, with a mean of(12.73±4.46 )days. 26 patients were followed up for 6-130 months, with a mean of(57.88±43.64) months. During the follow-up period, 6 patients died.Conclusion:Grunenwald incision can provide good exposure of the structures near the cervicothoracic junction, preserve the integrity of sternoclavicular joint, reduce shoulder deformity, and has advantages for patients with cervicothoracic junction tumors, high rib resection, and cervicothoracic junction trauma.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3930-3944, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011144

ABSTRACT

Interleukin (IL)-17A, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is a fundamental function in the onset and advancement of multiple immune diseases. To uncover the primary compounds with IL-17A inhibitory activity, a large-scale screening of the library of traditional Chinese medicine constituents and microbial secondary metabolites was conducted using splenic cells from IL-17A-GFP reporter mice cultured under Th17-priming conditions. Our results indicated that some aureane-type sesquiterpene tetraketides isolated from a wetland mud-derived fungus, Myrothecium gramineum, showed remarkable IL-17A inhibitory activity. Nine new aureane-type sesquiterpene tetraketides, myrogramins A-I ( 1, 4- 11), and two known ones ( 2 and 3) were isolated and identified from the strain. Compounds 1, 3, 4, 10, and 11 exhibited significant IL-17A inhibitory activity. Among them, compound 3, with a high fermentation yield dose-dependently inhibited the generation of IL-17A and suppressed glycolysis in splenic cells under Th17-priming conditions. Strikingly, compound 3 suppressed immunopathology in both IL-17A-mediated animal models of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and pulmonary hypertension. Our results revealed that aureane-type sesquiterpene tetraketides are a novel class of immunomodulators with IL-17A inhibitory activity, and hold great promise applications in treating IL-17A-mediated immune diseases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1191-1196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958642

ABSTRACT

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disease. The diagnosis of schizophrenia so far relies heavily on subjective evidence, including self-reported experiences by patients, manifestations described by relatives, and abnormal behaviors assessed by psychiatrists. The diagnosis, monitoring of the disease progression and therapy efficacy assessment are challenging due to the lack of established laboratory biomarkers. Based on the current literature, clinical consensus, guidelines, and expert recommendations, this review highlighted evidence-based potential laboratory biomarkers for the diagnosis of schizophrenia, including genetic biomarkers, neurotransmitters, neurodevelopmental-related proteins, and intestinal flora, and discussed the potential future directions for the application of these biomarkers in this field, aiming to provide an objective basis for the use of these biomarkers in the early and accurate diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis and rehabilitation assessment of schizophrenia.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 983-990, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Wenbu Gushen Recipe on renal fibrosis and pyroptosis in diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats.Methods:Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, low, medium and high dose groups of Wenbu Gushen Decoction, irbesartan group with 10 rats each. Except for control group, other groups were given intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) to construct model the DN. The low-dose, middle-dose, and high-dose groups were given different doses of Wenbu Gushen(0.92, 1.84, and 3.68 g·kg -1·d -1) respectively, irbesarta group was gavaged with 13.5 mg·kg -1·d -1 of . The rats were given the same amount of normal saline in the control group and the model group. After 12 weeks of treatment, 24 hour urine protein, urea nitrogen, creatinine and blood glucose of each group of rats were measured; the pathological changes of rat kidneys were observed; The expression of collagen Ⅲ, transforming growth factor(TGF)-β1, pro-casapse-1, cleaved-caspase-1, GSDMD, GSDMD-N, interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-18, and C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein 6 (CTRP6) were detected in kidney tissues; ELISA to detect IL-1β, IL-18 concentration in serum. Results:Compared with control group, the 24 hour urine protein, urea nitrogen, creatinine and blood glucose were significantly increased in the model group; The kidney tissue showed obvious pathological changes, and the expression of TGF-β1, collagen Ⅲ, cleaved-caspase-1, GSDMD-N, IL-1β, IL-18 and CTRP6 were increased in renal tissues, accompanied with IL-1β and IL-18 concentration were increased in serum. Compared with the model group, Wenbu Gushen Decoction inhibited the above indicators and improve kidney injury.Conclusion:Wenbu Gushen Recipe has a protective effect on DN renal injury, and it may inhibit renal fibrosis and pyrpoptosis via down-regulation of CTRP6.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1363-1369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with esophageal cancer.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 447 patients with esophageal cancer who were admitted to the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2020 were collected. There were 312 males and 135 females, aged 60(range, 37?82)years. Observation indica-tors: (1) clinicopathological characteristics; (2) treatment; (3) follow-up; (4) analysis of prognostic factors for esophageal cancer. Follow-up using telephone interview or outpatient examination was conducted to detect survival of patients up to December 2021. The total survival time was from the surgery date to death or the last follow-up. Patients with duration of follow-up more than 2 years were included for survival and prognostic analysis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were represented as absolute numbers. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was conducted using the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the COX hazard regression model. Results:(1) Clinicopathological characteristics. Of the 447 patients, 69.80%(312/447) were males and 30.20%(135/447) were females, and there were 3, 18, 101, 229, 93, 3 cases aged 30?39 years, 40?49 years, 50?59 years, 60?69 years, 70?79 years, 80?89 years, respectively. About the pathological type, there were 424 cases with squamous carcinoma, 11 cases with small cell carcinoma, 4 cases with adenosquamous carcinoma, 3 cases with sarco-matoid carcinoma, 2 cases with adenocarcinoma, 1 case with neuroendocrine carcinoma, 1 case with undifferentiated carcinoma, and 1 case with adenoid cystic carcinoma. There were 2 cases with tumor located at cervicothoracic segment, 49 cases with tumor located at upper thoracic segment, 273 cases with tumor located at mid-thoracic segment, and 123 cases with tumor located at lower thoracic segment. There were 6, 24, 74, 59, 192, 80, 12 cases in stage pT0, pT1a, pT1b, pT2, pT3, pT4a, pT4b of pathological T staging, respectively. There were 207, 63, 142, 28, 7 cases in stage pN0, pN1, pN2, pN3, pN4 of pathological N staging by Japan Esophagus Society (JES), respectively. There were 207, 128, 76, 36 cases in stage pN0, pN1, pN2, pN3 of pathological N staging by Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), respectively. About TNM staging, there were 25, 53, 127, 174, 68 cases in stage 0, Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳa of JES staging, and 16, 9, 53, 35, 108, 96, 45, 85 cases in stage 0, Ⅰa, Ⅰb,Ⅱa, Ⅱb, Ⅲa, Ⅲb, Ⅲc of UICC staging, respectively. (2) Treatment. Of the 447 patients, 63 cases underwent neoadjuvant therapy(12 cases combined with immunotherapy), 384 cases underwent no neoadjuvant therapy. There were 347, 97, 2, 1 cases with surgical approach as right thoracic approach, left thoracotomy approach, cervical abdominal approach, left thoracoabdominal approach, respectively. There were 316, 5, 126 cases with surgical platform as totally endoscopic esophagec-tomy, Hybrid surgery, open surgery, respectively. There were 350 and 97 cases with digestive recons-truction as posterior mediastinal approach and intrathoracic approach, respectively. Surgical margin as R 0, R 1, R 2 resection was detected in 323, 116, 8 cases, respectively. Six of 447 patients died during the hospital stay. (3) Follow-up. All the 447 patients were followed up for 25(range, 2?48)months, including 233 cases with the follow-up more than 2 years. The median survival time of 233 patients was unreached, and the postoperative 2-year survival rate was 76.8%. (4) Analysis of prognostic factors for esophageal cancer. Results of univariate analysis showed that gender, neoadjuvant therapy, surgical margin, pT staging, pN staging by JES, pN staging by UICC, TNM staging by JES, TNM staging by UICC were related factors influencing prognosis of 233 patients with esophageal cancer ( χ2=6.62, 17.81, 32.95, 37.93, 27.06, 35.56, 45.24, 37.84, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, surgical margin, TNM staging by JES were independent factors influencing prognosis of 233 patients with esophageal cancer ( hazard ratio=0.48, 1.94, 1.46, 95% confidence intervals as 0.25?0.91, 1.07?3.52, 1.16?1.84, P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of esophageal cancer is relatively high in males, with the onset age mainly distribute in 60?69 years and the mainly pathological type as squamous carcinoma. Patients with esophageal cancer have advanced tumor staging, low proportion of neoadjuvant therapy, high R 0 resection rate of surgical treatment. Gender, surgical margin, TNM staging by JES are independent factors influencing prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 681-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cells during the hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and its influence on the collection timing and results. Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with hematologic diseases undergoing autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization from April 2012 to March 2017 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were analyzed. Mobilization regimen used chemotherapy combined with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to monitor the number of white blood cells (WBC), mononuclear cells (MNC), CD34 + cells in peripheral blood and apheresis concentrates, and the correlation with CD34 + cells was analyzed. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to establish the threshold to start apheresis. Results:MNC (5.66±1.11)×10 8/kg and CD34 + cell count (2.15±1.20)×10 6/kg were obtained in 62 patients who received 136 times collection in total. The peak of peripheral blood CD34 + cells count appeared at day 4-5 after the treatment of G-CSF, and then it went down. CD34 + cell count in the product was correlated with the peripheral blood CD34 + cell count collected on the day ( r = 0.879, P < 0.01), and it was also correlated with the peripheral blood WBC and MNC collected on the day as well as MNC count in the product (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, the ROC curve analysis demonstrated that peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl was the optimal threshold for stem cell collection on the day, 85.2% of patients reaching up to the threshold could be successfully collected at one time. Conclusions:The variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cell count can guide the best time of stem cell collection in clinic. Peripheral blood CD34 + cell count is the reliable index to predict CD34 + cells count in the products. Peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl could be used as the collection threshold.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 427-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907457

ABSTRACT

Varicose great saphenous vein is a common disease of vascular surgery. The treatment needs of a large number of patients and the progress of surgical techniques provide the necessity and feasibility for the active implementation of day surgery. Endovenous thermal closure techniques (laser closure and radiofrequency ablation) and non-thermal, non-tumescent techniques have the advantages of less trauma, faster recovery and fewer complications, and the effective rate and recurrence rate are not inferior to ligation and stripping. Sclerotherapy and phlebectomy are important auxiliary techniques.This paper analyzes and compares the technical characteristics and effectiveness of ambulatory surgeries for varicose great saphenous vein.

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 475-482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is the main surgical method for lung cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the reasons for conversion to thoracotomy in 83 cases among 1,350 consecutive cases who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy by a single surgical team, in order to achieve a deeper understanding of the rules and the opportunity for conversion to thoracotomy in VATS lobectomy under normal conditions.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 1,350 patients who underwent VATS lobectomy between September 21, 2009 and June 1, 2020, by a single surgical team in the Fifth Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 773 males and 577 females, aged 8-87 years, with a median age of 61.3 years, including 83 cases of benign diseases, 38 cases of lung metastases, and 1,229 cases of primary lung cancer. The cases with stage I, II and IIIa were 676, 323 and 230, respectively. The cases of left upper, left lower, right upper, right middle, right lower, right middle and upper and right middle and lower lobectomy were 301 (22.30%), 231 (17.11%), 378 (28.00%), 119 (8.81%), 262 (19.41%), 16 (1.19%) and 43 (3.19%), respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the cohort of 1,350 consecutive patients with VATS lobectomy, 83 patients (6.15%) were converted to thoracotomy for different reasons. The conversion rate of benign lesions was significantly higher than that of malignant tumors (P<0.05). The conversion rate in stage IIIa was significantly higher than that in stage I and II (P<0.05). The conversion rate of combined lobectomy was significantly higher than that of single lobectomy (P=0.001). The conversion rate of left upper lobectomy was significantly higher than that of other single lobectomy (P<0.001). The conversion rate of right middle lobectomy was significantly lower than that of other single lobectomy (P=0.049). The main reasons for conversion were vascular injury (38.55%), lymph node interference (26.51%) and dense adhesion in thoracic cavity (16.87%). In the conversion group, the total operation time was (236.99±66.50) min and the total blood loss was (395.85±306.38) mL. The operation time in patients converted to thoracotomy due to lymph node interference was (322.50±22.68) min, which was significantly longer than that in the other groups (P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss in patients converted to thoracotomy due to vascular injury was (560.94±361.84) mL, which was significantly higher than that in the other groups (P<0.05). With the increase in surgical experience, the number of vascular injuries gradually decreased at the early stage, mid-stage and late stage (P=0.045).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In VATS lobectomy, benign lung lesions and more advanced malignant tumors led to more surgical difficulties and higher conversion rate. The conversion rate was different in different lobectomy sites, with the highest in left upper lobectomy, and the lowest in right middle lobectomy. Vascular injury, lymph node interference and dense adhesion were the main reasons for conversion to thoracotomy, which led to prolonged operation time and increased blood loss. With the increasing number of surgical cases, the rate of conversion to thoracotomy in VATS lobectomy continues to decline, which may be mainly due to the more advanced treatment of pulmonary vessels.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 484-486, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821465
11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 374-379, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755461

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the different pathological type of renal tumor,clinical epidemiology,imaging and pathological features,summarize its value in the diagnosis of renal tumor.Methods The clinical data of 2198 patients who underwent surgical treatment in our hospital due to renal tumors from January 2010 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 1 404 males and 794 females with an average age of (56.5 ± 11.7) years old.The clinical epidemiology,image features and pathological features were compared.Results Among them,the pathological results concluded 1 891 cases of renal clear cell carcinoma (86.0%),112 cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma (5.1%),76 cases of chromophobe cell carcinoma (3.5%),23 cases of multilocular cystic renal tumors with low malignant potential (1.0%),13 cases of Xp11.2 translocation carcinoma (0.6%),4 cases of collecting duct carcinoma (0.2%),58 cases of anadipotic angiomyolipoma (2.6%),18 cases of acidophiloma (0.8%),and 3 cases of metanephric adenoma (0.1%).The overall differences in age and gender among patients with renal tumors of different pathological types were statistically significant (F =13.8,P < 0.05;x2 =20.5,P < 0.05),Xpl 1.2-translocated carcinoma had the lowest mean age of onset,which was (44.9 ± 17.1 years old).The percentage of women with anadipotic angiomyolipoma was higher (41,70.7%),and the percentage of men with clear cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma was higher (1 253,66.3%) and(77,68.8%).There was no statistically significant difference in side sex and clinical manifestations among patients with different pathological types of renal tumors (x2 =16.27,P > 0.05).No significant difference in the distribution of left and right side,the clinical manifestations were mainly sporadic (x2 =19.63,P > 0.05).The results of renal tumors ultrasound ith different pathological types showed statistically significant difference (x2 =67.l,P < 0.05).Hyperechoic (20,34.5%) and mixed echogenicity (16,27.6%) were the main manifestations of lipoma.Multilocular cystic renal tumors with low malignant potential were mostly cystic and solid mixed echogenicity (14,60.9%).CT values of renal tumors of different pathological types at all stages showed statistically significant differences (P < 0.05).The CT values of clear cell carcinoma at the arterial phase of CT enhanced scan were significantly higher than those of other types of tumors (F =11.6,P < 0.05),but decreased significantly in the parenchymal phase,showing the enhancement characteristics of "fast in and fast out".The CT values of papillary cell carcinoma in the third phase of enhanced scan were all lower than those of clear cell carcinoma and chromophobe cell carcinoma (P < 0.05),showing a "progressive enhancement".The enhancement effect of chromophobe cell carcinoma is somewhere in between.The CT value on plain scan of anadipotic angiomyolipoma was higher than that of clear cell carcinoma,and the enhancement was followed by continuous enhancement,showing the characteristics of "fast in and slow out".The majority of clear cell carcinoma and papillary cell carcinoma were tan section (1 235,72.55%;51,52.13%).The grey-white section was the most common type of adipogenic angiomyolipoma (21,40.4%).Conclusions The epidemiological characteristics,imaging and pathological features of renal tumors of different pathological types have certain characteristics,especially the enhanced CT features of renal clear cell carcinoma,papillary renal cell carcinoma,chromophobe cell carcinoma and anadipotic angiomyolipoma,which are of certain value for the differential diagnosis of renal tumors of different pathological types.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 477-479, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691817

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effects of modified pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps(PMMFs) in repairing postoperative defects following head and neck malignant tumor radical operation.Methods Twenty-eight patients with surgical defects after head and neck malignant tumor operation in this hospital from September 2013 to January 2017 were selected and performed the repairing reconstruction by modified PMMFs,then observed and followed up for the survival of the flaps.Results All 28 cases were followed-up for 3-36 months,all modified PMMFs survived.Using modified PMMFs to repair surgical defects following head and neck malignant tumor operation had the advantages of high survival rate and less trauma;meanwhile the swallow and language function could obtain the maximal recovery.Conclusion Using modified PMMFs to repair surgical defects following head and neck malignant tumor operation has good clinical curative effect and is worth clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1008-1012, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691286

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility of right neck anastomosis in thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study used a retrospective cohort study method. Clinical data of 169 patients with stage I-III esophageal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing neck anastomosis in thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy at the Department 5 of Thoracic Surgery, the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from November 2013 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Eighty-two cases underwent right neck anastomosis (right neck anastomosis group) and 87 cases underwent left neck anastomosis(left neck anastomosis group). Both groups underwent routine thoracoscopic and laparoscopic radical resection of esophageal cancer. The entry of right and left neck anastomosis group was at the anterior edge of the right and left sternocleidomastoid muscle respectively. Anastomosis of the esophagogastric junction was performed and the drainage tube was placed in the neck incision. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, lymph node dissection and morbidity of postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 101 males and 68 females among 169 patients with esophageal cancer. There were no significant differences in age, gender, tumor location, clinical stage between two groups(all P>0.05). The total operation time of left and right neck anastomosis groups was (278.3±39.4) minutes and (287.8±39.4) minutes, respectively (t=1.563, P=0.120). The intraoperative blood loss was (134.9±71.5) ml and(147.9±85.5) ml, respectively (t=1.074, P=0.284). The number of lymph node dissections was (17.45±5.68) and (16.47±4.98), respectively (t=1.190, P=0.236). Seventeen cases(20.7%) in the right neck anastomosis group developed postoperative complications, while 31 cases (35.6%) in the left neck anastomosis group developed postoperative complications (χ²=4.609,P=0.032). Compared with left neck anastomosis group, right neck anastomosis group had lower rate of gastric emptying disorder (0% vs. 6.9%, P=0.029), anastomotic fistula (7.3% vs. 18.4%, χ²=4.572, P=0.033), pneumonia (18.3% vs. 32.2%, χ²=4.294, P=0.038) and ICU management (4.9% vs. 16.1%, χ²=4.726, P=0.030).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy with right neck anastomosis is safe and effective, can completely remove the tumor, at the same time, has less complications than left neck anastomosis, and improve the quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anastomosis, Surgical , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Thoracoscopy
14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 428-432, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709542

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 107 patients with pathologically diagnosed chromophobe cell carcinoma in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 50 males and 57 females.The age was 16-81 years,with a median age of 53 years.The diameter of the tumor was 1.6-30.0 cm and the median value was 5.0cm.The tumor was located on the right side in 55 cases,on the left side in 51 cases,and bilateral in 1 case.The clinical parameters of different types of renal chromophobe cancer were compared by the Chi square test.The survival analysis was carried out by Kaplan-Meier,and the risk factors were evaluated by single factor and multiple factor Cox proportional risk regression model.Results One hundred and six patients underwent operation,with 55 by open surgery,and 51 by endoscopic surgery,including 89 radical surgery and 17 nephron-sparing surgery.One patient was treated with Sorafenib.Pathological stage T1 stage was 74 cases (69.2%),T2 stage 28 cases (26.2%),T3 stage 3 cases (2.8%),T4 stage 2 cases (1.9%).There were 102 cases of type Ⅰ chromophobe cell carcinoma (95.3%),and 5 cases of type Ⅱ chromophobe cell carcinoma (4.7%).There was no significant difference in gender,age,tumor side,first symptom and T staging in patients with type Ⅰ and Ⅱ chromophobe cell carcinoma (P > 0.05).One hundred and seven patients were followed up for 4-95 months,with the median time of 40 months.Four cases were missed and 5 cases died.The 5 year survival rate was 93.1%.Cox univariate and multivariate regression analysis showed that different T staging and metastasis were independent prognostic factors (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Renal chromophobe cell carcinoma is rare and its diagnosis mainly depends on pathology.Surgery is the main method for the treatment.The malignant grade is low,progress is slow,and the prognosis is good.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 644-648, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705876

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between those myocardial markers serum cardiac troponin T (cTNT),serum cardiac troponin I (cTNI),N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP),echocardiography and myocardial injury in the oldest-old septic patients,as well as to evaluate prognosis in the oldest-old septic patients.Methods 140 oldest-old septic patients hospitalized in Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 1 st,2015 to Jun 31st,2017 were collected and analyzed retrospectively.They were divided into survival group (90 cases) death group (50 cases)according to their survival time.Serum cTNT,cTNI and NT-proBNP level at 1,3 and 7d post-diagnosis were collected and echocardiography left ventricular diastolic diameter (EDD),left ventricular systolic diameter (ESD),right ventricular diameter (RV),left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) was performed.Results 140 oldest-old septic patients were enrolled in the analysis.There were 90 cases in survival group and 50 cases in death group.Mean values of cTNT,cTNI,NT-proBNP,EDD,ESD in survival group were obviously higher than those in death group (P < 0.05),left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in survival group was lower than that in death group (P < 0.01).But there were no difference in E/A and RV between survival group and death group (P > 0.05).There were positive correlation between cTNT,cTNI,NT-proBNP and EDD,ESD (P < 0.05),negative correlation between cTNT,cTNI,NT-proBNP and LVEF (P < 0.05),and no correlation between cTNT,cTNI,NT-proBNP and E/A,RV (P >0.05).There were obviously correlation between cTNT,cTNI,NT-proBNP,EDD,ESD and mortality rate (OR > 1,P < 0.05).It was shown the prognosis value of cTNT,cTNI,NT-proBNP,EDD,ESD to mortality rate in oldest-old septic patient.The prognosis value was cTNT > NT-proBNP > cTNI > EDD > ESD.Conclusions There were obviously correlation between cT NT,cTNI,NT-proBNP,EDD,ESD and myocardium restrain,heart dysfunction as well as mortality rate.cTNT was the best prognosis indicator in sensitivity,and NT-proBNP was the best prognosis indicator in specificity.The combination of cTNT and NT-proBNP can better forecast the prognosis of the oldest-old septic patient.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1193-1203, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733533

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the predictive value of serum uric acid on new-onset cholelithiasis.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The data of 97 469 subjects who participated health examination at the Kailuan General Hospital Affiliated to the North China University of Science and Technology,Kailuan Linxi Hospital,Kailuan Zhaogezhuang Hospital,Kailuan Tangjiazhuang Hospital,Kailuan Fan'gezhuang Hospital,Kailuan Lyujiatuo Hospital,Kailuan Jinggezhuang Hospital,Kailuan Linnancang Hospital,Kailuan Qianjiaying Hospital,Kailuan Majiagou Hospital and Kailuan Branch Hospital from June 2006 to December 2015 were collected.Epidemiological investigation,anthropometric parameters and biochemical indicators were collected.All the subjects were allocated into 4 groups according to squartiles of serum uric acid:24 140 with serum uric acid <232 μmol/L in the Q1 group,24 473 with 232 μmol/L≤ serum uric acid <282 μmol/L in the Q2 group,24 382 with 282 μmol/L≤ serum uric acid <338 μmol/L in the Q3 group and 24 474 with serum uric acid ≥ 338 μmol/L in the Q4 group.Observation indicators:(1) comparisons of clinical characteristics among the 4 groups;(2) incidence of cholelithiasis in the 4 groups;(3) effects of serum uric acid on the new-onset cholelithiasis:① the dose-response relationship between serum uric acid and the risk of cholelithiasis,② comparisons of the fitting degree of serum uric acid on the cholelithiasis model,③ effects of different serum uric acid levels on incidence of cholelithiasis after stratification by sex,④ serum uric acid of different gender on the boxplots,⑤ effects of different serum uric acid levels on the incidence of cholelithiasis after stratification by age.Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as (x)±s,and comparisons among groups were analyzed using the one-way ANOVA.Measurement data with skewed distribution is expressed by M (Q),and comparisons among groups were analyzed using the nonparametric Krustal-willis test.Count data were represented by percentage,and comparisons among groups were analyzed using chi-square test.The incidences of cholethiasis in 4 groups of different serum uric acid were calculated by person-year incidence.Restrictive cubic spline regression was used to calculate the dose-response relation between the continuous variable and the risks of new-onset cholelithiasis and 95% confidence interval (CI).COX regression model was used to analyze the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI of different serum uric acid levels on new-onset cholelithiasis.Likelihood ratio test and akaike information criterion (AIC) were used to calculate the fitting degree of serum uric acid on new-onset cholelithiasis model.Boxplots were used to describe serum uric acid in different genders.Results (1) comparisons of clinical characteristics among the 4 groups:sex (male),age,body mass index (BMI),systolic pressure,diastolic pressure,fasting plasma glucose (FPG),total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),high sensitive C-reactive protein,diabetes,hypertension,smoking,drinking and physical exercise were 15 162,(50± 11) years,(24±3)kg/m2,(123±21)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),(82± 12)mmHg,(5.6±2.0) mmol/L,(4.8±1.2) mmol/L,1.14 mmol/L (range,0.81-1.63 mmol/L),0.70 mmol/L (range,0.23-2.23 mmol/L),2 537,9 415,4575,2380,2 649 in the Q1 group,19 079,(51±12) years,(25±3)kg/m2,(130±21)mmHg,(83±12) mmHg,(5.5 ± 1.7) mmol/L,(4.9 ± 1.2) mmol/L,1.20 mmol/L (range,0.86-1.76 mmol/L),0.71 mmol/L (range,0.28-1.98 mmol/L),2 287,10 124,6 918,3 649,3 288 in the Q2 group,21 132,(52±13)years,(25±3)kg/m2,(132±21)mmHg,(84±12)mmHg,(5.5±1.6)mmol/L,(5.0±1.2) mmol/L,1.29 mmol/L (range,0.91-1.94 mmol/L),0.80 mmol/L (range,0.30-2.06 mmol/L),2 027,10 755,8 259,4 730,3 958 in the Q3 group,22 651,(53± 14) years,(26± 3) kg/m2,(134± 21) mmHg,(85±12)mmHg,(5.4±1.5)mmol/L,(5.1±1.2)mmol/L,1.54 mmol/L (range,1.05-2.35 mmol/L),1.02 mmol/L (range,0.43-2.50 mmol/L),1 981,12 082,9 562,6 209,4 758 in the Q4 group,respectively,with statistically significant differences among the 4 groups (x2 =7 624.63,F=279.93,961.91,330.84,271.40,38.25,353.18,H =3 406.30,912.23,x2 =108.15,590.49,2567.07,2 209.21,760.15,P<0.05).(2)Incidence of cholelithiasis in the 4 groups:97 469 participants were followed up for 592 922 person-year,4 270 participants had new-onset cholelithiasis,with a total person-year incidence of 7.20 thousand person / year.The person-year incidence were respectively 6.34 (971/153 205 * 1 000),6.91 (1 034/149 686 * 1 000),7.44 (1 090/146 549 * 1 000),8.19 (1 175/143 482 * 1 000) thousand person / year in Q1,Q2,Q3 and Q4 group.(3) Effects of serum uric acid on the new-onset cholelithiasis.① The dose-response relationship between serum uric acid and the risk of cholelithiasis:restricted cubic spline regression showed a linear relationship between continuous serum uric acid,logarithmic transformated serum uric acid and the risk of cholelithiasis (x2 =11.74,8.01,P<0.05).② Comparisons of the fitting degree of serum uric acid on the cholelithiasis model:adjusted for sex,age,BMI,TC,TG,diabetes,hypertension,smoking,drinking and physical exercise,risks of new-onset cholelithiasis increased in Q3 and Q4 groups compared with Q1 group (HR=1.10,1.12,95%CI:1.01-1.20,1.03-1.23,P<0.05).The-2Log L and AIC value of multivariate model,serum uric acid+multivariate model were 92 532.39,92 550.39 and 92 525.35,92 549.35,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (x2=7.04,P < 0.05).③ Effects of different serum uric acid levels on incidence of cholelithiasis after stratification by sex:in female participants,adjusted for age,BMI,TC,TG,diabetes,hypertension,smoking,drinking and physical exercise,risk of new-onset cholelithiasis in Q1 group was not statistically significant different from that in Q2,Q3,Q4 group (HR=1.06,1.15,1.09,95%CI:0.88-1.28,0.93-1.34,0.91-1.31,P>0.05).In male participants,adjusted for age,BMI,TC,TG,diabetes,hypertension,smoking,drinking and physical exercise,risks of new-onset cholelithiasis in Q2,Q3 and Q4 groups were increased compared with Q1 group (HR=1.17,1.24,1.30,95%CI:1.06-1.30,1.12-1.37,1.18-1.44,P<0.05).④ Serum uric acid of different gender on the boxplots:in female participants,the level of serum uric acid was (249 ± 61) μmol/L,(235±50)μmol/L,(231±56) μmol/L,(250±66) μmol/L,(266±75) μmol/L,(281±81) μmol/L,(298±76) μmol/L,(379±86)μmol/L respectively in the group of 18-27 years old,28-37 years old,38-47 years old,48-57 years old,58-67 years old,68-77 years old,78-87 years old,88-97 years old after stratified by 10 years old.In male participants,the level of serum uric acid was respectively (310±76)μmol/L,(298 ±75) μmol/L,(298±74) μmol/L,(294±74) μmol/L,(302±78) μmol/L,(311 ±80) μmol/L,(322±80) μmol/Land (330±75)μmol/L after participants stratified by 10 years old.⑤ Effects of different serum uric acid levels on the incidence of cholelithiasis after stratification by age:in participants with age ≤ 60 years old,adjusted for sex,BMI,TC,TG,diabetes,hypertension,smoking,drinking and physical exercise,risk of new-onset cholelithiasis in the Q2 and Q3 groups were not increased compared with Q1 group (HR=1.05,1.10,95%CI:0.94-1.17,0.99-1.23,P>0.05),however,risk of new-onset cholelithiasis was increased in the Q4 group (HR =1.15,95%CI:1.02-1.28,P<0.05).In participants with age > 60 years old,adjusted for sex,BMI,TC,TG,diabetes,hypertension,smoking,drinking and physical exercise,risk of new-onset cholelithiasis in the Q2 groups was not increased compared with Q1 group (HR=1.16,95%CI:0.99-1.36,P>0.05),however,risks of new-onset cholelithiasis were increased in the Q3 and Q4 groups (HR =1.19,1.21,95%CI:1.02-1.40,1.04-1.41,P< 0.05).Conclusion Elevated serum uric acid is an independent risk factor for the new-onset cholelithiasis.

17.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 326-329, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505849

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate transurethral fulguration with intravesical instillation of heparin and alkalinized lidocaine for the treatment of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS).Methods Data from the chnical records of 31 patients (30 female and 1 male) with IC/BPS were analyzed retrospectively.Transurethral fulguration and biopsy were performed.Intravesical instillation of heparin and alkalinized lidocaine (25 000 units of hepmin,10 mL of 2% lidocaine,and 5 mL of 5% sodium bicarbonate) was administered weekly for 8 weeks.Thereafter,intmvesical instillation treatment was administered twice a month.The interstitial cystitis symptom index and problem index (O'Leary-Sant index),visual analog scale score for pain,quality-of-life index,voiding frequency,bladder capacity,and side effects of intravesical instillation were recorded preoperatively and at the first and sixth month follow-ups postoperatively.Results The follow-up period was 6 to 24 months.The interstitial cystitis symptom index and problem index,visual analog scale score for pain,quality-of-life index,daily voiding time,and maximal bladder volume improved significantly in 28 cases (90.32%;P < 0.01),and no significant adverse effects were observed.Two patients underwent cystectomy,and the symptoms disappeared after the operation.Carcinoma in situ was detected on histopathological examination in one patient.Conclusion Transurethral fulguration with intravesical instillation of heparin and alkalinized lidocaine is a safe and effective therapy for IC/BPS.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 256-259, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512170

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the surgical treatment of adrenocorticotropic hormone independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH).Methods The clinical data of 12 AIMAH patients were analyzed retrospectively.There were 3 males and 9 females, with an average age of 55 years (range, 39-67 years).10 cases had typical clinical features of Cushing syndrome.Endogenous hypercortisolism was confirmed on the basis of loss of circadian rhythm of serum cortisol, high late-night serum cortisol level and inadequate cortisol suppression after overnight low-dose dexamethasone suppression test.ACTH independence was established on the basis of suppressed serum ACTH levels and inadequate cortisol suppression after overnight high-dose dexamethasone suppression test.CT scan showed bilateral enlargement of the adrenal glands with multiple macronodules.Steroid supplement was given after operation.Results Surgical intervention was performed in all the patients.Seven patients underwent bilateral adrenalectomy,and unilateral adrenalectomy was performed in 5 patients, one of whom had the history of contralateral adrenalectomy.Pathological examination confirmed multinodular hyperplastic adrenal enlargement.The average duration of postoperative follow-up was 50 months (range, 1-105 months).One patient undergoing bilateral adrenalectomy died from respiratory failure and pulmonary infection one month after operation.Remission of Cushing syndrome symptoms was obtained after surgery in other 11 patients.For these 11 cases,the serum cortisol declined into normal ranges, but suppressed serum ACTH levels and inadequate cortisol suppression after overnight low-dose dexamethasone suppression test were still present.Two patients received contralateral adrenalectomy due to recurrent overt Cushing syndrome after one year and 5 years, respectively.Conclusions Unilateral adrenalectomy might be an effective and safe treatment modality for AIMAH, but subclinical hypercortisolism would be present postoperatively.Contralateral adrenalectomy may be performed in case of the recurrence of overt Cushing syndrome.

19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2205-2208, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617107

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore and evaluate the total oxidative and antioxidant status and lipid levels in patients with COPD. Methods Measurement and comparative analysis were preformed between 51 cases of COPD patients and 45 healthy people in serum TOS,TAS,IMA concentration,blood lipid,and the concentration of ox-LDL. Results In the COPD group,serum IMA concentration was significantly higher than those in the control group(0.94 ± 0.31 vs. 0.62 ± 0.25,P<0.001). The serum TOS was higher than that in the control group(6.51 ± 4.85 vs. 4.53 ± 3.81,P<0.05). The serum ox-LDL concentration in COPD group increased significantly compared with the control group(5.91 ± 3.61 vs. 4.51 ± 2.05,P<0.05). The serum HDL concentration in the COPD group was significantly lower than that in the control group(36.49 ± 9.60 vs. 44.19 ± 10.14,P<0.001). There was no sig-nificant difference in TAS,triglyceride and low LDL between the two groups. Conclusions The serum levels of TOS,ox-LDL and IMA are significantly increased in COPD patients compared with the control group,while HDL-C concentration is significantly decreased. Increase of IMA and ox-LDL in serum of patients with COPD may be relat-ed to imbalance of TOS and TAS due to chronic inflammation and oxidative stress.

20.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 104-105, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613651

ABSTRACT

The basic pathogenesis of hypersalivation syndrome is the deficiency of spleen and kidney, which results in the imbalance of water metabolism and intake disorder. There are two different characters included in polysialia and profuse spittle. Therefore, dialectics should start from the spleen and kidney, and warming yang and resolving dampness, strengthening spleen and reinforcing kidney should be the treatment. Two medical cases for the treatment of hypersalivation syndrome were illustrated in this article. Lizhong Decoction and Linggui Zhugan Decoction were the basic prescriptions, and combined with the Chinese materia medica with the function of reinforcing kidney andintaking the saliva, with obvious efficacy.

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