Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 273
Filter
2.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e220123, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441038

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the prevalence of inadequate mineral intake and associated factors with calcium, iron, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, and sodium intakes in individuals aged 15-24.9 years. Methods We analyzed 476 individuals from the Brazilian Study of Nutrition and Health, stratified into two age groups (adolescents aged 15-18.9 years and young adults aged 19-24.9 years). Mineral intake was obtained from two 24-hour Dietary Recalls. The values of the Estimated Average Requirement and the Tolerable Upper Intake Levels were considered to calculate the prevalence of inadequacy. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine associated factors with mineral intake. Results Calcium and magnesium had the highest prevalence of inadequacy (>83%) in both sexes and age groups. Sodium intake was above Tolerable Upper Intake Levels for the majority of the population studied (>68%). The intake of all minerals was different between the sexes for the two age groups (p<0.01), and it was not different between age groups (p>0.05). The associated factors with mineral intake were sex (calcium, iron, phosphorus, and sodium), age group (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and sodium), and physical activity (calcium, iron, and magnesium), followed by socioeconomic level (zinc and sodium) and body weight status (iron and sodium). Conclusion The expressive portion of the studied population is at nutritional risk for calcium, magnesium, and sodium. Such data can contribute to the national public policy revision that is related to micronutrient intake and the adoption of healthier habits by adolescents and young adults.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever as prevalências de inadequação e fatores associados à ingestão de cálcio, ferro, zinco, magnésio, fósforo e sódio em indivíduos dos 15 aos 24,9 anos. Métodos Foram analisados 476 indivíduos do Estudo Brasileiro de Nutrição e Saúde, estratificados em dois grupos etários (adolescentes de 15-18,9 anos e adultos jovens de 19-24,9 anos). A ingestão de minerais foi obtida por meio de dois recordatórios de 24hs. Os valores de Requerimento Médio Estimado e do Limite Superior Tolerável de Ingestão foram considerados para calcular as prevalências de inadequação. Regressão logística múltipla foi utilizada para determinar os fatores associados à ingestão de minerais. Resultados Cálcio e magnésio tiveram elevadas prevalências de inadequação (>83%) em pacientes de ambos os sexos e grupos etários. A ingestão de sódio foi acima Limite Superior Tolerável de Ingestão para a maioria da população estudada (>68%). O consumo de todos os minerais foi diferente entre os sexos para os dois grupos etários (p<0,01) e não foi diferente entre os grupos etários (p>0,05). Os fatores associados à ingestão dos minerais foram sexo (cálcio, ferro, fósforo e sódio), grupo etário (cálcio, magnésio, fósforo e sódio) e atividade física (cálcio, ferro e magnésio), seguidos por nível socioeconômico (zinco e sódio) e estado de peso corporal (ferro e sódio). Conclusão Expressiva parcela da população estudada encontra-se em risco nutricional para cálcio, magnésio e sódio. Esses dados podem contribuir para a revisão de políticas públicas nacionais que se relacionam à ingestão de micronutrientes e à adoção de hábitos mais saudáveis pelos adolescentes e adultos jovens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prevalence , Eating , Phosphorus/analysis , Sodium/analysis , Zinc/analysis , Brazil , Calcium/analysis , Adolescent , Young Adult , Sociodemographic Factors , Iron/analysis , Magnesium/analysis
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-6, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468537

ABSTRACT

The effects of Calcium (Ca+²) on virulence and some parameters should be analyzed in this study. Pseudomonas aeruginosa Gram (-) and Bacillus cereus Gram (+) were used. Both bacteria are soil bacteria. In this study; the effect of Ca+² on protease, amylase, LasB elastolytic assay, H2O2, pyorubin and biofilm on metabolites of these bacteria were investigated during 24 hour time. In this study, the effect of Ca+² on the production of some secondary metabolites on P. aeruginosa and B. cereus was investigated and presented for the first time by us.


Os efeitos do cálcio (Ca+²) na virulência e alguns parâmetros devem ser analisados neste estudo. Pseudomonas aeruginosa Gram (-) e Bacillus cereus Gram (+) foram usados. Ambas as bactérias são bactérias do solo. Neste estudo, o efeito do Ca+² sobre a protease, amilase, ensaio elastolítico LasB, H2O2, piorubina e biofilme nos metabólitos dessas bactérias foram investigados durante 24 horas. Neste estudo, o efeito do Ca+² na produção de alguns metabólitos secundários em P. aeruginosa e B. cereus foi investigado e apresentado pela primeira vez por nós.


Subject(s)
Bacillus cereus/enzymology , Bacillus cereus/chemistry , Bacillus cereus/virology , Calcium/analysis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/enzymology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/chemistry , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/virology
4.
West Indian med. j ; 69(1): 44-50, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341864

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Vascular calcification contributes to cardiovascular disease on dialysis patients. Arterial mineral content is modified but not well defined. We aim to define what is the concentration of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in the epigastric artery of adult dialysis patients undergoing renal transplantation. Methods: All renal allograft recipients who underwent surgery at our centre between May 2003 and December 2005 and consented to be taken small samples of epigastric artery were included in our cross-sectional study. Histological, radiological and spectrometric methods were used to measure vascular calcification, deposits and concentrations of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium in epigastric artery, which were correlated with clinical and biochemical characteristics. Mineral vascular content was compared with corresponding samples from cadaveric renal donors free from renal disease (control group). Results: Calcium and magnesium concentrations in epigastric artery were much higher in recipients (n = 100) than in donors (n = 30). Histologically confirmed calcifications were more frequent in recipients. Calcium and magnesium content in epigastric artery were correlated directly with recipient age, pre-transplant serum P and Ca × P product. A high content of calcium and magnesium in this artery was observed in recipients with media and intimal calcification. Multivariate logistic regression showed that dialysis vintage > 3.5 years and calcium concentration in epigastric artery ≥ 4500 mg/kg wet weight were independent predictors of histological calcification. Conclusion: Excess mineral deposition is observed in the epigastric artery of dialysis patients, where the recipient's age, serum P, Ca × P product and time on dialysis play a decisive role.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Phosphorus/analysis , Calcium/analysis , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Epigastric Arteries/chemistry , Magnesium/analysis
5.
Actual. osteol ; 17(2): 69-77, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370075

ABSTRACT

El calcio (Ca) es un nutriente crítico para la salud, especialmente en los períodos de crecimiento. Sin embargo, la mayoría de los individuos argentinos no alcanzan la ingesta diaria recomendada. Por su parte, el fósforo (P) es un nutriente cuya ingesta suele estar por encima de la recomendada. Este tipo de desequilibrio en la ingesta de ambos nutrientes conlleva a una pérdida de masa ósea. El consumo de bebidas analcohólicas (BA) se ha incrementado en los últimos años, sobre todo en la población infantil, desplazando el consumo de agua y lácteos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estimar el aporte de Ca y P a partir de BA diferentes de agua. Se evaluaron 59 muestras, cuya mediana y rango de Ca fue de 7,74 [0,00 a 111,29] mg/l y de P 55,17 [0,16 a 957,00] mg/l. Los jugos en polvo son los que mayor contenido de Ca presentaron y las bebidas deportivas aquellas donde se halló el mayor contenido de P. Considerando un consumo de 500 ml/día de BA se estarían incorporando 3,87 mg Ca y 27,59 mg P. El creciente consumo de BA, su bajo contenido de Ca y la concomitante reducción del consumo de lácteos contribuyen a una inadecuada ingesta de Ca. (AU)


Calcium (Ca) is a critical nutrient, especially during periods of growth. However, the majority of Argentine individuals do not reach the recommended daily intake. On the other hand, phosphorus (P) is a nutrient with an intake usually above the recommended values. This type of imbalance between the intake of the nutrients leads to loss of bone mass. Soft drinks consumption (BA) has increased in recent years, especially in children, displacing the consumption of water and dairy products. The aim of this work was to estimate the Ca and P content in BA other than water. 59 samples were evaluated, with a median and range of Ca of 7.74 [0.00 to 111.29] mg/l and of P of 55.17 [0.16 to 957.00] mg/l. Powdered juices are the ones with the highest Ca content, and sports drinks are the beverages in which the highest P content was found. Based on a BA consumption of 500 ml/day, 3.87 mg Ca and 27.59 mg P would be incorporated. Therefore, the increased consumption of BA, their low Ca content, and the concomitant reduction in dairy consumption contribute to an inadequate intake of Ca. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Phosphates/analysis , Carbonated Beverages/statistics & numerical data , Calcium/analysis , Juices , Argentina , Quality Control , Calcium, Dietary , Growth and Development , Recommended Dietary Allowances
6.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 16, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152746

ABSTRACT

Abstract Backgrounds: It is important to improve our understanding of the roles of calcium and vitamin D in bone health for preventing osteoporosis. We aimed at exploring the associations between serum calcium, vitamin D level, and bone mineral density (BMD) in adolescents included in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001 - 2006. Methods: Weighted multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate the associations of serum calcium, 25(OH)D level with total BMD. Smooth curve fitting was used to explore the potential non-linear relationship. Results: A total of 5990 individuals aged between 12 and 19 years were included in this study. The fully-adjusted model showed serum calcium positively correlated with total BMD. However, an inverted U-shaped relationship was found when we performed the smooth curve fitting method, and the inflection point was calculated at 9.6 mg/dL using the two-piecewise linear regression model. In contrast, there was a positive correlation between serum 25(OH)D and total BMD after adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusions: The present study revealed a positive correlation between serum 25(OH)D level and total BMD, and an inverted U-shaped relationship between serum calcium and total BMD.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Vitamin D/analysis , Bone Density , Calcium/analysis , Linear Models , Nutrition Surveys , Multivariate Analysis
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 87-90, feb. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125042

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Gitelman forma parte de las denominadas tubulopatías perdedoras de sal. El bloqueo parcial de la reabsorción de sodio en el túbulo contorneado distal determina la aparición de hipokalemia e hipomagnesemia. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de una serie de cinco casos de síndrome de Gitelman (4 mujeres, de 28 a 85 años de edad) atendidos en nuestra institución entre los años 2004 y 2015. La forma de diagnóstico más frecuente en nuestra serie fue por hallazgo de laboratorio. El único síntoma clínico manifestado en forma espontánea fue astenia. En cuanto a los valores de laboratorio, la potasemia fue 2.5 ± 0.5 mmol/l, con un valor mínimo de 2.1. Adicionalmente, el valor de magnesio en sangre fue 1.3 ± 0.3 mg/dl. Como conclusión, observamos que las formas de presentación consisten en alteraciones bioquímicas con o sin manifestaciones inespecíficas, lo que representa actualmente la mayor dificultad diagnóstica y refuerza la importancia de lograr un diagnóstico oportuno, en especial en pacientes jóvenes y con valores críticos de potasio sérico.


Gitelman syndrome is one of the salt losing tubulopathies. Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia appear in the setting of the partial blockade of salt absorption in the distal tubule. We conducted a descriptive study of a case series of five patients with Gitelman syndrome (4 women, from 28 to 85 years) in our institution, between the years 2004 and 2015. The most frequent form of diagnosis in our series was by laboratory finding. The only acknowledged clinical symptom was malaise. Regarding laboratory findings, the mean potassemia was of 2.5 ± 0.5 mmol/l, with a minimum value of 2.1 mmol/l. Additionally, the serum magnesium value was of 1.3 ± 0.3 mg/dl. In conclusion, we observed that the forms of presentation consist of biochemical alterations with or without nonspecific manifestations, which currently represents the greatest diagnostic difficulty and reinforces the importance to achieve a timely diagnosis, especially in young patients with critical serum potassium values.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gitelman Syndrome/diagnosis , Gitelman Syndrome/therapy , Potassium/analysis , Asthenia/diagnosis , Calcium/analysis , Gitelman Syndrome/metabolism , Magnesium/analysis
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000101, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088524

ABSTRACT

Abstract Solid organ transplantation is a very complex process, in which the storage of the graft in a preservation solution is mandatory in order to extend ischemic times and contain further damage. The condition in which the organ is transplanted is critical for the outcome of the organ recipient. The recent emergence of generic versions of organ preservation solutions (solutions with the same composition and under the same legislation as the original versions, but with different brands) compelled us to study whether the standards are maintained when comparing the original and its generic counterpart. Along these lines, we discuss and comment on some aspects concerning this issue of general interest in the organ transplantation field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Organ Transplantation/methods , Organ Preservation Solutions/chemistry , Glutathione/chemistry , Temperature , Time Factors , Calcium/analysis , Organ Preservation Solutions/standards
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8761, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089339

ABSTRACT

Nitric oxide (NO) inhibition by high-dose NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) is associated with several detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system. However, low-dose L-NAME increases NO synthesis, which in turn induces physiological cardiovascular benefits, probably by activating a protective negative feedback mechanism. Aerobic exercise, likewise, improves several cardiovascular functions in healthy hearts, but its effects are not known when chronically associated with low-dose L-NAME. Thus, we tested whether the association between low-dose L-NAME administration and chronic aerobic exercise promotes beneficial effects to the cardiovascular system, evaluating the cardiac remodeling process. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to control (C), L-NAME (L), chronic aerobic exercise (Ex), and chronic aerobic exercise associated to L-NAME (ExL). Aerobic training was performed with progressive intensity for 12 weeks; L-NAME (1.5 mg·kg-1·day-1) was administered by orogastric gavage. Low-dose L-NAME alone did not change systolic blood pressure (SBP), but ExL significantly increased SBP at week 8 with normalization after 12 weeks. Furthermore, ExL promoted the elevation of left ventricle (LV) end-diastolic pressure without the presence of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Time to 50% shortening and relaxation were reduced in ExL, suggesting a cardiomyocyte contractile improvement. In addition, the time to 50% Ca2+ peak was increased without alterations in Ca2+ amplitude and time to 50% Ca2+ decay. In conclusion, the association of chronic aerobic exercise and low-dose L-NAME prevented cardiac pathological remodeling and induced cardiomyocyte contractile function improvement; however, it did not alter myocyte affinity and sensitivity to intracellular Ca2+ handling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Calcium/analysis , Nitric Oxide Synthase/drug effects , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/pharmacology , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Myocardial Contraction/drug effects , Body Weight/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Pressure/drug effects , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/administration & dosage , Models, Animal , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Myocytes, Cardiac/physiology , Enzyme Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Adiposity , Hemodynamics , Motor Activity/physiology , Myocardium/pathology
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180670, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132160

ABSTRACT

Abstract Studies evaluating the influence of nutrients on plant anatomy are very important because nutritional deficiencies can alter the thickness and shape of certain tissues, compromising their functionality what can explain the reduction of productivity. The aim of this study was to characterize the anatomical changes in cherry tomato plants subjected to calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) deficiencies. The experiment was conducted in nutrient solution and the plants subjected to three treatments: complete solution (Control), Ca restriction (1 mmol L-1 of Ca) and Mg omission (without Mg). The experimental design was completely randomized, with three repetitions. Sixty days after seedling transplanting leaves and stem were collected and submitted to anatomical evaluations. Ca or Mg deficiency promotes most evident anatomical changes in chlorophyllous and vascular tissues of the leaves, rather than in the stems. Leaves of 'Sindy' tomato plants with a concentration of 1.7 g kg-1 of Mg and visual symptoms of Mg deficiency present hyperplasia of both tissues, phloem and xylem. This deficiency also promotes increases in the thickness of mesophyll, spongy parenchyma and palisade parenchyma, and consequently of leaf thickness. The midrib of the leaves with a concentration of 10 g kg-1 of Ca, without visual symptoms of deficiency presented phloem hypertrophy and hyperplasia.


Subject(s)
Calcium/analysis , Solanum lycopersicum/chemistry , Plant Stems/chemistry , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Magnesium/analysis , Phloem/metabolism , Xylem/metabolism
11.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 205-213, Sept-Dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104336

ABSTRACT

The dental caries is a progressive destruction of the teeth tissue due to the disbalance in the normal molecule interactions between the enamel and the bio!lm, which alters the demineralization-remineralization process. Milk fermentation produces caseinphosphopeptides with proved remineralizing capacity of the enamel. The presence of these peptides in fermented milk with ke!r grains has been described. The purpose of this work was to evaluate in vitro the capacity of milk ke!r to prevent the demineralization of dental enamel. Bovine incisors (n=68, 17 per group) were treated for 72 h with different solutions: I: artificial saliva at pH 7.2 , II: demineralizing solution at pH 4.5, III: supernatant of kefir fermented milk at pH 4.5, IV: milk supernatant at pH 4.5. The effects of treatments were evaluated by the change in the weight of the specimens, calcium concentration in the solution and by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the enamel. Kefir milk supernatant prevented the demineralization process, that was evidenced by a change in weight and calcium concentration that were not different from group I, although the pH was 4.5. In contrast, group IV showed a decrease in weight and an increase in calcium concentration, compared with group I (one way ANOVA, p<0.05). Images of SEM agree with the values of weight and calcium concentration. These results indicate that kefir milk supernatant has a protective effect on enamel demineralization in vitro. (AU)


La caries dental es una patología debido a un desequilibrio en las interacciones moleculares normales entre el esmalte y la biopelícula, que altera el proceso de desmineralización remineralización. La fermentación de la leche produce fosfopéptidos de caseína con probada capacidad remineralizante del esmalte, y se ha descripto la presencia de estos péptidos en la leche fermentada con granos de kéfir. El propósito de este trabajo fue evaluar in vitro la capacidad del kéfir de leche para prevenir la desmineralización del esmalte dental. Sesenta y ocho incisivos bovinos (17 por grupo) fueron tratados durante 72 h con diferentes soluciones: I: saliva artificial, pH 7.2, II: solución desmineralizante, pH 4.5, III: sobrenadante de leche fermentada con kefir, pH 4.5, IV: sobrenadante de leche, pH 4.5. El proceso de desmineralización se evaluó mediante el cambio en el peso de las muestras, la concentración de calcio en la solución y microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM) del esmalte. El sobrenadante de leche fermentada con kéfir impidió el proceso de desmineralización, que se evidenció por un cambio en el peso y la concentración de calcio que no discreparon del grupo I, a pesar de haber tenido un pH de 4.5. En contraste, el grupo IV mostró una disminución en el peso y un aumento en la concentración de calcio, en comparación con el grupo I (ANOVA a un criterio, p<0.05). Las imágenes SEM concuerdan con los cambios en el peso y la concentración de calcio en los grupos estudiados. Los datos obtenidos demuestran que el sobrenadante de la leche tratada con kéfir tiene un efecto protector sobre la desmineralización del esmalte in vitro, inducida por el pH ácido. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Kefir/microbiology , Saliva, Artificial/administration & dosage , Tooth Remineralization/methods , In Vitro Techniques , Cattle , Caseins/therapeutic use , Calcium/analysis , Tooth Demineralization/pathology , Tooth Demineralization/therapy , Biofilms , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel/cytology , Dental Enamel/physiopathology , Milk/microbiology , Formaldehyde/administration & dosage
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1249-1259, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Urinary stones with oxalate composition can cause kidney failure. Recent findings evidenced that probiotics are effective in reducing oxalate absorption in these subjects based on their high colonic absorption levels at baseline. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the simultaneous use of oxalate-degrading bacteria, Urtica dioica and T. terrestris extract in reducing urinary oxalate. Materials and Methods: Anti-urolithiatic activity of Urtica dioica and T. terrestris extract and probiotic by using ethylene glycol induced rat model. In this study, 4 strains of Lactobacillus and 2 strains of Bifidobacterium and also 2 strains of L. paracasei (that showed high power in oxalate degrading in culture media) were used. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=6). The rats of group-I received normal diet (positive control group) and groups-II (negative control group), III, IV rats received diet containing ethylene glycol (3%) for 30 days. Groups III rats received Urtica dioica and T. terrestris extract. Groups IV rats received extracts + probiotic for 30 days. Findings: The results show that the use of herbal extracts (Urtica dioica and T. terrestris) reduced the level of urinary oxalate and other parameters of urine and serum. Also, the accumulation of calcium oxalate crystals in the kidney tissue was significantly reduced. Conclusion: Considering that the formation of calcium oxalate crystals can cause inflammation and tissue damage in the kidney, the use of herbal extracts with oxalate degrading bacteria can be a new therapeutic approach to preventing the formation of kidney stones.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxalates/urine , Hyperoxaluria/prevention & control , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Probiotics/pharmacology , Urtica dioica/chemistry , Tribulus/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Kidney Calculi/urine , Kidney Calculi/prevention & control , Calcium/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Creatinine/analysis , Kidney Tubules/chemistry
13.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(1): 157-169, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001397

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. La capacidad de la saliva para la remineralización contribuye a mantener la integridad fisicoquímica de la estructura mineral de los dientes, lo cual los protege de la aparición y evolución de la caries dentaria. Objetivo. Establecer la relación de la sialometría, la capacidad amortiguadora, la concentración de calcio y fosfato en la saliva total estimulada y en el líquido crevicular gingival, con la gravedad y la actividad de las caries en escolares. Materiales y métodos. Se seleccionaron 36 escolares de 6 años, 18 con caries (International Caries Detection and Assessment System, ICDAS, código 2 o mayor) y 18 sin caries (ICDAS, código 0). En la dentición primaria, se evaluaron la gravedad y la actividad de la caries dentaria en la superficie de oclusión de los molares y en la vestibular de los dientes anteriores, y se codificaron mediante el ICDAS-II. Resultados. Se evidenció una mayor gravedad de las caries en la superficie de oclusión que en la vestibular. Las concentraciones de calcio en la saliva y de fosfato en el líquido crevicular gingival de los dientes sanos, fueron mayores en el grupo con un código ICDAS de 2 o mayor. La concentración de calcio en el líquido crevicular gingival fue mayor en el grupo con código ICDAS 0 que en los dientes cariados del grupo con código ICDAS de 2 o mayor. Se encontró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la frecuencia de caries activas y la concentración de fosfato en el líquido crevicular gingival de los dientes afectados, como también entre la gravedad de las caries y la capacidad amortiguadora, por una parte, y la concentración de fosfato en el líquido crevicular gingival de los dientes afectados, por la otra. Conclusión. Se evidenció una asociación entre la caries dental, la capacidad amortiguadora y la química bucal del calcio y el fosfato.


Abstract Introduction: The remineralizing properties of saliva contribute to maintain the physical and chemical integrity of the mineral structure of teeth, which protects it from the installation and evolution of dental caries. Objective: To relate sialometry, buffering capacity, calcium and phosphate concentration in whole stimulated saliva, and in gingival crevicular fluid with school children caries severity and activity. Materials and methods: We selected 36 schoolchildren aged 6 years: 18 with caries (International Caries Detection and Assessment System, ICDAS>1 group) and 18 without caries (ICDAS=0 group). The severity and activity of dental caries were diagnosed in the primary dentition: in the occlusal surface of molars and in the vestibular of the anterior teeth by ICDAS-II. Results: Caries in occlusal surface were more severe than in vestibular surface. The concentration of calcium in saliva and phosphate in healthy teeth gingival crevicular fluid were higher in the ICDAS>1 group. The concentration of calcium in gingival crevicular fluid was higher in the ICDAS=0 group than in the decayed teeth of the ICDAS>1 group. We found a statistically significant association between the frequency of active caries andthe concentration of phosphate in gingival crevicular fluid of teeth with caries, as well as between the severity of caries with buffering capacity and the concentration of phosphate in the gingival crevicular fluid of teeth with caries. Conclusion: We found an association between dental caries with buffering capacity and buccal calcium and phosphate.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Phosphates/analysis , Saliva/chemistry , Salivation , Calcium/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Dental Caries/physiopathology , Dental Caries/metabolism , Cross-Sectional Studies , Correlation of Data
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180188, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984574

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sources of calcium and phosphate have been added to dental restorative materials to improve their anticaries effect. Objective This study evaluated the effect of adding calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) to resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) on the physico-mechanical properties, ion release, and enamel demineralization. Material and Methods: Specimens were fabricated for each experimental group: RMGIC without CaGP (Control), RMGIC with 1, 3 and 9% CaGP. To determine the release of fluoride (F), calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P), six specimens were immersed in demineralization and remineralization solutions for 15 days. In another experimental trial, the following physico-mechanical properties were evaluated at time intervals of 1 and 7 days after fabrication: compressive strength (n=12), diametral tensile strength (n=12), surface hardness of material (n=6) and the degree of conversion of monomers (n=8). To study enamel demineralization, specimens (n=12) were attached to enamel blocks and submitted to pH-cycling. Subsequently, surface and cross-sectional hardness and the concentration of F, Ca and P in enamel were determined. Results The addition of CaGP to RMGIC led to higher mean release of F, Ca and P when compared with control (p<0.001). Mechanical properties were within the range of those of the ionomer cements after addition of 1% and 3% CaGP. The degree of conversion did not differ between groups at the 1st and the 7th day (p>0.439). The addition of 3% and 9% CaGP reduced mineral loss and increased F, Ca and P in the enamel when compared with control (p<0.05). Conclusion The addition of 3% CaGP in RMGIC increased the release of F, P and Ca, reduced enamel demineralization, and maintained the physico-mechanical properties within the parameters for this material.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Glycerophosphates/chemistry , Phosphates/analysis , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Photomicrography , Calcium/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Compressive Strength , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Fluorides/analysis , Hardness Tests
15.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 77 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007424

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria are central players in cell metabolism, responsible for the vast majority of ATP production in most cells. Although originally thought to be passive organelles focused only in keeping cellular ATP at adequate levels, complex interplay between mitochondrial function and cell signaling has been largely recognized over the last decades. Not surprisingly, given their role, changes in nutritional status promoted by chronic interventions like caloric restriction or short-term situations like fasting in animals or nutrient deprivation in cultured cells are one of the main factors that can activate those signaling mechanisms. One particular way in which this mitochondria-cell crosstalk can occur is through mitochondrial Ca2+ handling, a process in which Ca2+ signals generated by the cell are able to translate into elevations in mitochondrial matrix [Ca2+] due to the presence of the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter in the organelle. While the impact of mitochondrial Ca2+ handling on cellular function has been widely studied, the conditions which can modulate the process of mitochondrial Ca2+ handling itself are still not well characterized. In this work, we sought to test the effects of different interventions linked to nutritional status on mitochondrial Ca2+ handling. We found that caloric restriction, physiological fasting and modulations of mitochondrial dynamics resulted in modulation of mitochondrial Ca2+ handling through changes in their maximal Ca2+ retention capacity or Ca2+ uptake rates. These changes were, measured by following mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake using different strategies, employing the fluorescent Ca2+ probe Ca2+ Green 5N for experiments in isolated mitochondria and permeabilized cells and the cytosolic probe Fura2-AM in intact cells. Caloric restriction resulted in higher calcium uptake and retention in liver mitochondria, protecting against pathological conditions of Ca2+ overload during ischemia/reperfusion. On the other hand, overnight and short term fasting resulted in lower mitochondrial Ca2+ retention and oxidative phosphorylation capacity in the liver. Modulating mitochondrial morpholoy in C2C12 myoblasts showed that more fragmented mitochondria were less capable of taking up Ca2+, while more fusioned mitochondria showed the opposite phenotype. This modulation in Ca2+ handling through changes in mitochondrial morphology interfered with the process of Store-Operated Ca2+ entry in the cells, showing that these modulations can have impacts in physiological contexts as well. Overall, this work both establishes novel mechanisms of modulation of mitochondrial Ca2+ handling and demonstrates their relevance both in pathology and normal cellular physiology


Mitocôndrias possuem um papel central no metabolismo das células, sendo responsáveis pela maioria da produção de ATP na maioria dos tipos celulares. Embora originalmente se pensasse nas mitocôndrias como organelas estáticas, focadas somente em manter os níveis adequados de ATP na célula, a interação entre a função mitocondrial e a sinalização celular tem sido fortemente reconhecida nas ultimas décadas. Dado este papel, não é surpreendente que mudanças no estado nutricional, tanto crônicas como na restrição calórica quanto em situações como o jejum em animais e a privação de nutrientes em cultura de células foram demonstradas como sendo um dos principais fatores que podem ativar estes mecanismos de sinalização. Uma das formas em que esta interação entre a mitocôndria e a célula ocorre é através do manejo de Ca2+ mitocondrial, um processo em que sinais de Ca2+ gerados pela célula podem resultar em aumentos na [Ca2+] na matriz mitocondrial devido à presença do uniportador de Ca2+ mitocondrial na organelaEmbora o impacto do manejo de Ca2+ mitocondrial na função da célula tenha sido amplamente estudado, a regulação do processo de manejo de Ca2+ mitocondrial em si não é bem conhecida. Neste trabalho, nós nos propusemos a testar os efeitos de diferentes intervenções ligadas ao estado nutricional no manejo de Ca2+ mitocondrial e o possível impacto destas modulações nacapacidade de retenção e na taxa de captação de Ca2+ mitochondrial. As intervenções estudadas foram a restrição calórica, jejum e mudanças na dinâmica mitocondrial, e todas elas resultando em mudanças no manejo de Ca2+ mitocondrial, que foram medidos acompanhando a captação de Ca2+ em mitocôndrias isoladas ou células permeabilizadas utilizando a sonda Ca2+ Green 5N e em células intactas utilizando a sonda de Ca2+ citosólica Fura2-AM. Enquanto a restrição calórica resultou em uma maior capacidade de retenção de Ca2+ e em maiores taxas de captação, protegendo contra as condições patológicas de desregulação de Ca2+ observadas durante a isquemia/reperfusão, o jejum curto ou pela duração da noite resultou em uma diminuição na capacidade de retenção de Ca2+ e na oxidação fosforilativa mitocondriais. As mudanças observadas modulando a dinâmica mitocôndria (feitas utilizando-se mioblastos da linhagem C2C12) revelaram que mitocôndrias mais fragmentadas são menos capazes de captar Ca2+, enquanto mitocôndrias mais fusionadas possuem o fenótipo oposto. Essas mudanças no manejo de Ca2+ mitocondrial interferem com o processo de Store-Operated Ca2+ entry nestas células, demonstrando que essas modulações da captação de Ca2+ mitocondrial também podem ser relevantes em contextos fisiológicos. Em resumo, este trabalho ajudou a estabelecer novos mecanismos de modulação do manejo de Ca2+ mitocondrial que podem ser relevantes tanto em condições patológicas quanto na fisiologia normal das células


Subject(s)
Calcium/analysis , Nutritional Status , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Cell Death/immunology , Myoblasts/classification , Mitochondria/chemistry
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3): 400-409, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973754

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Caloric restriction is known to impair the cardiac function and morphology in hypertrophied hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR); however, the influence of fasting/refeeding (RF) is unknown. Objective: To investigate the fasting/refeeding approach on myocardial remodeling and function. In addition, the current study was designed to bring information regarding the mechanisms underlying the participation of Ca2+ handling and b-adrenergic system. Methods: Sixty-day-old male SHR rats were submitted to food ad libitum (C), 50% food restriction (R50) or RF cycles for 90 days. Cardiac remodeling was assessed by ultrastructure analysis and isolated papillary muscle function. The level of significance considered was 5% (a = 0.05). Results: The RF rats presented lower cardiac atrophy than R50 in relation to C rats. The C rats increased weight gain, R50 maintained their initial body weight and RF rats increased and decreased weight during RF. The RF did not cause functional impairment because the isotonic and isometric parameters showed similar behavior to those of C. The isotonic and isometric cardiac parameters were significantly elevated in RF rats compared to R50 rats. In addition, the R50 rats had cardiac damage in relation to C for isotonic and isometric variables. While the R50 rats showed focal changes in many muscle fibers, the RF rats displayed mild alterations, such as loss or disorganization of myofibrils. Conclusion: Fasting/refeeding promotes cardiac beneficial effects and attenuates myocardial injury caused by caloric restriction in SHR rats, contributing to reduce the cardiovascular risk profile and morphological injuries. Furthermore, RF promotes mild improvement in Ca2+ handling and b-adrenergic system.


Resumo Fundamento: A restrição calórica compromete a função e a morfologia cardíacas em corações hipertrofiados de ratos espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR). No entanto, a influência de ciclo de jejum/Realimentação é desconhecida. Objetivo: Investigar o efeito de ciclos de jejum/realimentação sobre a remodelação e função miocárdica. Além disso, o presente estudo foi desenhado para avaliar os mecanismos subjacentes à participação do trânsito de cálcio (Ca+2) e sistema beta-adrenérgico. Métodos: Neste estudo, SHR machos de 60 dias de idade foram submetidos a alimento ad libitum (grupo C), 50% de restrição alimentar (grupo R50) ou ciclos de RF (grupo RF) por 90 dias. A remodelação cardíaca foi avaliada por meio da análise ultraestrutural e função do músculo papilar isolado. Adotou-se o nível de significância de 5% (a = 0,05). Resultados: Os ratos do grupo RF apresentaram menor atrofia cardíaca do que os do grupo R50 em relação aos do grupo C. Os ratos do grupo C aumentaram peso corporal, os ratos do grupo R50 mantiveram seu peso corporal inicial e os ratos do grupo RF aumentaram e reduziram seu peso durante o ciclo RF. O ciclo RF não causou comprometimento funcional, pois os parâmetros isotônicos e isométricos apresentaram comportamento similar aos dos ratos do grupo C. Os parâmetros cardíacos isotônicos e isométricos mostraram-se significativamente elevados nos ratos do grupo RF em comparação aos dos ratos do grupo R50. Além disso, os ratos do grupo R50 apresentaram dano cardíaco em comparação aos ratos do grupo C quanto às variáveis isotônicas e isométricas. Os ratos do grupo R50 apresentaram alterações focais em muitas fibras musculares, enquanto os ratos do grupo RF apresentaram leves alterações, como perda ou desorganização de miofibrilas. Conclusão: Ciclos de Jejum/Realimentação promovem efeitos benéficos cardíacos e atenuam o dano miocárdico causado por restrição calórica em SHR, contribuindo para reduzir o risco cardiovascular e os danos morfológicos. Além disso, o ciclo de jejum/realimentação promove leve melhora do trânsito do Ca2+ e do sistema beta-adrenérgico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Papillary Muscles/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Fasting/physiology , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology , Cardiomyopathies/prevention & control , Papillary Muscles/pathology , Rats, Inbred SHR , Time Factors , Body Weight/physiology , Calcium/analysis , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Caloric Restriction/adverse effects , Isoproterenol/analysis , Isoproterenol/metabolism , Myocardial Contraction , Cardiomyopathies/pathology
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 533-541, June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949351

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the specific molecular mechanisms and effects of curcumin derivative J147 on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods: We constructed streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DPN rat models to detected mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) in vivo using Von Frey filaments. In vitro, we measured cell viability and apoptosis, adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) expression using MTT, flow cytometry, qRT-PCR and western blot. Then, TRPA1 expression level and calcium reaction level were assessed in agonist AICAR treated RSC96cells. Results: The results showed that J147reduced MWT in vivo, increased the mRNA and protein level of AMPK, reduced TRPA1 expression and calcium reaction level in AITCR treated RSC96 cells, and had no obvious effect on cell viability and apoptosis. Besides, AMPK negative regulated TRPA1 expression in RSC96 cells. Conclusions: J147 could ameliorate DPN via negative regulation AMPK on TRPA1 in vivo and in vitro. A curcumin derivative J147might be a new therapeutic potential for the treatment of DPN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Curcumin/analogs & derivatives , Curcumin/pharmacology , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/drug effects , TRPA1 Cation Channel/drug effects , Time Factors , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Calcium/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Apoptosis/drug effects , Streptozocin , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetic Neuropathies/metabolism , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , TRPA1 Cation Channel/analysis , Microscopy, Fluorescence
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(5): 420-427, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-950157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In view of the high mortality for cardiovascular diseases, it has become necessary to stratify the main risk factors and to choose the correct diagnostic modality. Studies have demonstrated that a zero calcium score (CS) is characteristic of a low risk for cardiovascular events. However, the prevalence of individuals with coronary atherosclerotic plaques and zero CS is conflicting in the specialized literature. Objective: To evaluate the frequency of patients with coronary atherosclerotic plaques, their degree of obstruction and associated factors in patients with zero CS and indication for coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Methods: This is a cross-sectional, prospective study with 367 volunteers with zero CS at CCTA in four diagnostic imaging centers in the period from 2011 to 2016. A significance level of 5% and 95% confidence interval were adopted. Results: The frequency of atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries in 367 patients with zero CS was 9.3% (34 individuals). In this subgroup, mean age was 52 ± 10 years, 18 (52.9%) were women and 16 (47%) had significant coronary obstructions (> 50%), with involvement of two or more segments in 4 (25%) patients. The frequency of non-obese individuals (90.6% vs 73.9%, p = 0.037) and alcohol drinkers (55.9% vs 34.8%, p = 0.015) was significantly higher in patients with atherosclerotic plaques, with an odds ratio of 3.4 for each of this variable. Conclusions: The frequency of atherosclerotic plaque with zero CS was relatively high, indicating that the absence of calcification does not exclude the presence of plaques, many of which obstructive, especially in non-obese subjects and alcohol drinkers.


Resumo Fundamento: Diante da alta mortalidade por doenças cardiovasculares, faz-se necessária a estratificação dos principais fatores de riscos e escolha correta da modalidade diagnóstica. Estudos demonstraram que escore de cálcio (EC) zero caracteriza baixo risco de eventos cardiovasculares. No entanto, a frequência de portadores de placa aterosclerótica coronária com EC zero é conflitante na literatura especializada. Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência de pacientes com placa aterosclerótica coronária, seu grau de obstrução e fatores associados em pacientes com EC zero e indicação para angiotomografia computadorizada de coronárias (ATCC). Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, prospectivo, com 367 voluntários portadores de EC zero, mediante a ATCC, no período de 2011-16, em quatro centros de diagnóstico por imagem. Foi assumido nível de significância 5% e intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: A frequência de placa aterosclerótica nas artérias coronárias dos 367 pacientes com EC zero foi de 9,3% (34 indivíduos); neste subgrupo, a média de idade foi 52 ± 10 anos, 18 (52,9%) eram mulheres e 16 (47%) exibiam obstruções coronarianas significativas (> 50%), dos quais 4 (25%) apresentaram placas em pelo menos dois segmentos. A frequência de não obesos (90,6% vs. 73,9%; p = 0,037) e de etilistas (55,9% vs. 34,8%; p = 0,015) foi significativamente maior nos portadores de placa, apresentando, cada variável, odds ratio de 3,4 para o desenvolvimento das referidas placas. Conclusões: A frequência de placa aterosclerótica com EC zero foi considerável, evidenciando, portanto, que a ausência de calcificação não exclui placa, muitas das quais obstrutivas, principalmente nos não obesos e etilistas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Calcium/analysis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Biomarkers/analysis , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/complications , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/epidemiology , Computed Tomography Angiography
19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(1): 35-43, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893814

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome (MS) are associated with low urinary pH and represent risk factors for nephrolithiasis, especially composed by uric acid. Acidogenic diets may also contribute to a reduction of urinary pH. Propensity for calcium oxalate precipitation has been shown to be higher with increasing features of the MS. Objective: A retrospective evaluation of anthropometric and body composition parameters, MS criteria and the dietary patterns of overweight and obese calcium stone formers and their impact upon urinary pH and other lithogenic parameters was performed. Methods: Data regarding anthropometry, body composition, serum and urinary parameters and 3-days dietary records were obtained from medical records of 102(34M/68F) calcium stone formers. Results: A negative correlation was found between urinary pH, waist circumference and serum uric acid levels (males). The endogenous production of organic acids (OA) was positively correlated with triglycerides levels and number of features of MS (males), and with glucose, uric acid and triglycerides serum levels, and number of features of MS (females). No significant correlations were detected between Net Acid Excretion (NAE) or Potential Renal Acid Load of the diet with any of the assessed parameters. A multivariate analysis showed a negative association between OA and urinary pH. Conclusion: The endogenous production of OA and not an acidogenic diet were found to be independently predictive factors for lower urinary pH levels in calcium stone formers. Hypercalciuric and/or hyperuricosuric patients presented higher OA levels and lower levels of urinary pH.


RESUMO Introdução: A obesidade e a Síndrome Metabólica (SM) se associam a pH urinário ácido e representam fatores de risco para litíase renal, especialmente a úrica. Dietas acidogênicas também podem contribuir para a redução do pH urinário. Já foi demonstrado maior risco de precipitação de oxalato de cálcio em proporção aos critérios de SM. Objetivo: Avaliar retrospectivamente o impacto de parâmetros antropométricos, composição corporal, critérios de SM e padrão alimentar sobre o pH urinário e outros parâmetros litogênicos em pacientes com sobrepeso e obesos com litíase cálcica. Métodos: Foram coletados dados de antropometria, composição corporal, exames séricos e urinários, e registros alimentares (3 dias) de 102 (34M/68F) pacientes com litíase cálcica. Resultados: O pH urinário se correlacionou negativamente com a circunferência da cintura e ácido úrico sérico (homens). A produção endógena de ácidos orgânicos (AO) se correlacionou positivamente com os triglicérides séricos e o número de critérios de SM (homens), e com glicemia, ácido úrico, triglicérides e número de critérios para SM (mulheres). Não se observaram correlações significantes entre a excreção renal líquida de ácidos (NAE) e o potencial de carga ácida renal (PRAL) da dieta com nenhum dos parâmetros avaliados. Na análise de regressão multivariada, os AO apresentaram associação negativa significante com o pH urinário. Conclusão: A produção endógena de AO, e não um padrão de dieta acidogênica, foi o fator determinante independente para menores níveis de pH urinário em pacientes com litíase cálcica. Pacientes com hipercalciúria e/ou hiperuricosúria apresentaram maiores valores de AO e menores de pH urinário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/urine , Kidney Calculi/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Diet , Overweight/metabolism , Kidney Calculi/complications , Kidney Calculi/urine , Kidney Calculi/chemistry , Calcium/analysis , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Overweight/complications , Overweight/urine , Obesity/complications , Obesity/metabolism , Obesity/urine
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e54, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952137

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoporosis is an insidious and increasingly prevalent disease that can cause fractures and affect patients' quality of life. The current study comparatively evaluates patients with and without loss of bone mass in terms of salivary calcium, viscosity, and pH. A controlled cross-sectional study was conducted in two groups of 32 postmenopausal women subjected to a bone densitometry scan and later referred for dental management at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The patients were assigned to two groups: Group 1 - patients with low bone mineral density (BMD) and Group 2 - patients without bone mineral changes. The following salivary parameters were evaluated: calcium concentration, flow rate, viscosity, pH, and average total protein. An oral examination was performed for assessment of DMFT variables and tongue coating. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, adopting a p-value < 0.05. The patients' mean age was 60 years (± 7.35). Salivary flow, pH, and viscosity were similar among the groups. Average total protein was 14.8 mg/mL and 19.0 mg/mL in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Tongue coating and salivary calcium levels were significantly higher in Group 1 (p < 0.001). Salivary calcium is an important screening tool and may eventually be used for the diagnosis of bone mineral changes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Saliva/chemistry , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/physiopathology , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/metabolism , Calcium/analysis , Oral Health , Reference Values , Tongue/physiopathology , Viscosity , Proteins/analysis , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density/physiology , Case-Control Studies , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Middle Aged
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL