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1.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1338, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251717

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las hemoglobinopatías se consideran errores monogénicos hereditarios y están caracterizados por defectos en la molécula de hemoglobina. En Cuba, la detección prenatal de hemoglobinopatías se realiza a través de la electroforesis de hemoglobina para identificar parejas de alto riesgo. El programa brinda: asesoramiento genético, diagnóstico prenatal molecular e interrupciones selectivas de fetos afectados, a solicitud de las parejas. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de hemoglobinopatías en mujeres embarazadas residentes en Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y de corte transversal para determinar la frecuencia de hemoglobinopatías en 1 342 917 mujeres embarazadas captadas en el periodo 2009-2019. El método diagnóstico de la pesquisa fue la electroforesis de hemoglobina en geles de agarosa a pH alcalino. La confirmación se realizó por electroforesis de hemoglobina en gel de agarosa a pH ácido; ambos métodos mediante la tecnología HYDRASYS. Resultados: La frecuencia global de embarazadas con hemoglobinopatías fue de 3,5 por ciento. Se detectó hemoglobinopatías en 47 465 mujeres; 38 698 con variante S heterocigoto, 8 706 variantes de hemoglobina C y 158 de otras variantes. Se detectaron 44 283 esposos con hemoglobinopatías, 3 099 parejas de alto riesgo y se realizaron 2 689 diagnósticos prenatales moleculares. Se confirmaron 522 fetos afectados y 382 parejas solicitaron la interrupción del embarazo. El subprograma alcanzó 99,24 por ciento de cobertura en el país. Conclusión: La alta frecuencia de hemoglobinopatías en Cuba justifica la importancia de continuar el subprograma de detección de portadores para prevenir la aparición de las formas graves de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Hemoglobinopathies are hereditary monogenic errors characterized by defects in the hemoglobin molecule. In Cuba, prenatal detection of hemoglobinopathies is performed by hemoglobin electrophoresis to identify high-risk couples. The program offers genetic counseling, prenatal molecular diagnosis and selective pregnancy termination in case of affected fetuses at the request of couples. Objective: Determine the frequency of hemoglobinopathies among pregnant women living in Cuba. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted to determine the frequency of hemoglobinopathies in 1 342 917 pregnant women recruited in the period 2009-2019. Screening was based on the diagnostic method of hemoglobin electrophoresis in alkaline pH agarose gels. Confirmation was performed with hemoglobin electrophoresis in acid pH agarose gel. Both methods used HYDRASYS technology. Results: Overall frequency of pregnant women with hemoglobinopathies was 3.5 percent. Hemoglobinopathies were detected in 47 465 women: 38 698 with variant S heterozygote, 8 706 with variants of hemoglobin C y 158 with other variants. 44 283 husbands with hemoglobinopathies and 3 099 high-risk couples were detected, and 2 689 prenatal molecular diagnostic tests were conducted. A total 522 affected fetuses were confirmed, and 382 couples requested pregnancy termination. The subprogram achieved 99.24 percent coverage in the country. Conclusion: The high frequency of hemoglobinopathies in Cuba justifies the importance of continuing the carrier detection subprogram to prevent the emergence of severe forms of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Family Characteristics , Electrophoresis , Genetic Counseling , Hemoglobinopathies , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Mass Screening , Retrospective Studies
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06905, 2021. graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1351277

ABSTRACT

In the search for an early biomarker of renal injury, this study aimed to determine the urinary protein profile of dogs with leishmaniasis without treatment and treated as determined by Brazilian legislation. The identification of proteinuria, its classification and the circumstances in which it takes place instigated this study. For this, 30 dogs from an outpatient clinic at a Veterinary Hospital in Belo Horizonte were evaluated. All animals underwent clinical and laboratory tests, which included renal biomarkers. The proteins were characterized using the SDS-page electrophoresis technique, and thus, a urinary protein profile was developed comparing patients considered clinically healthy with dogs infected with leishmaniasis that were under treatment and with untreated infected dogs. The results showed that the hematological and biochemical parameters showed similar behavior between the groups of healthy dogs and dogs with leishmaniasis treated, however a very heterogeneous pattern of urinary proteins can be observed and differed between healthy animals and animals with leishmaniasis, as well as between treated and untreated animals. The results suggest that the classification of proteinuria can be a tool that helps in the staging of animals infected with L. infantum and can differentiate them as to the severity of existing kidney injuries.(AU)


Na busca por um biomarcador precoce de injúria renal, este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar o perfil proteico urinário de cães infectados com leishmaniose sem tratamento e tratados conforme determina a legislação brasileira. A identificação da proteinúria, sua classificação e as circunstâncias em que ocorrem instigaram este estudo. Para tanto, foram avaliados 30 cães oriundos do atendimento clínico ambulatorial de um Hospital Veterinário em Belo Horizonte. Todos os animais passaram por exame clínico e laboratorial, que incluíram biomarcadores renais. As proteínas foram caracterizadas através da técnica de eletroforese por SDS-PAGE, e assim, foi elaborado um perfil proteico urinário comparando pacientes considerados clinicamente hígidos, com cães infectados por Leishmania (L.) infantum e que estavam sob tratamento e cães infectados não tratados. Os resultados demonstraram que os parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos apresentaram comportamento semelhante entre os grupos de cães hígidos e de cães infectados com L. infantum tratados, entretanto um padrão muito heterogêneo de proteínas urinárias pode ser observado e diferiu entre animais hígidos e animais com leishmaniose, assim como entre os animais tratados e não tratados. Os resultados sugerem que a classificação da proteinúria pode ser uma ferramenta que auxilia no estadiamento de animais infectados por L. infantum podendo diferenciá-los quanto à gravidade de lesões renais existentes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Proteinuria , Biomarkers , Dogs/microbiology , Electrophoresis , Leishmania , Leishmaniasis , Kidney
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1185-1196, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1131484

ABSTRACT

Glomerular proteinuria is characterized by the loss of high-molecular-weight proteins (HMWPs), while tubulointerstitial proteinuria is characterized by the loss of low-molecular-weight proteins (LMWPs). The objective was to assess the molecular weight of urinary proteins (MWUP) in dogs with naturally acquired CKD and determine the proportion of HMWPs and LMWPs according to CKD stage. Twenty-eight dogs with CKD were recruited and divided into 4 groups based on serum creatinine (Cr) levels (group1: Cr<1,4, n=8; group2: 1,45,0, n=5). The control group consisted of 5 healthy dogs. The MWUP was determined by SDS-PAGE. The urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (UP/C) was used to quantitatively assess proteinuria. The electrophoresis pattern revealed a proportionally greater loss of HMWPthan of LMWP in all groups with CKD and an increased loss of LMWP in group 4 (P<0.05). These results suggest a predominance of glomerular injuries throughout all stages of CKD in these dogs and an increase in tubulointerstitial injury towards the end-stage of the disease. The results of the present study support the recommendation of SDS-PAGE as an effective technique for the qualitative assessment of proteinuria, as well as a method for assessing the severity and location of renal injury.(AU)


A proteinúria glomerular é caracterizada pela perda de proteínas de alto peso molecular (PAPM), enquanto a proteinúria tubulointersticial se caracteriza pela perda de proteínas de baixo peso molecular (PBPM). O objetivo do trabalho foi determinar o peso molecular das proteínas urinárias (PMPU) de cães com DRC naturalmente adquirida e a proporção de PAPM e PBPM de acordo com o estágio da DRC. Foram utilizados 28 cães com DRC, divididos em quatro grupos, de acordo com o nível sérico de creatinina (cr) (grupo 1: cr<1,4, n=8; grupo 2: 1,45,0, n=5). O grupo controle era composto por cinco cães saudáveis. O PMPU foi determinado por SDS-PAGE. A relação proteína:creatinina urinária (RPCU) foi utilizada como um método quantitativo de proteinúria. A eletroforese revelou uma perda proporcionalmente maior de PAPM, quando comparada às PBPM, em todos os grupos de DRC, bem como uma perda crescente de PBPM no grupo 4 (P<0,05). Esses resultados sugerem uma predominância de lesão glomerular em todos os estágios de DRC nesses cães e uma progressão crescente na lesão túbulo-intersticial no estágio terminal da doença. Os resultados deste estudo reafirmam a recomendação de que a eletroforese de proteínas urinárias é uma técnica qualitativa efetiva de avaliação da proteinúria, bem como um método que permite avaliar a extensão e a localização da lesão renal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Proteinuria/diagnosis , Proteinuria/veterinary , Creatinine/analysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/veterinary , Electrophoresis/veterinary
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 853-861, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1129489

ABSTRACT

The present study tested a comet assay that was modified for compatibility with Giemsa staining to assess the drug genotoxicity in the peripheral blood of rats. We analysed the peripheral blood of 16 female Wistar rats (N=8 rats/group) from a control group and from a group that was treated with an intraperitoneal injection of 50mg cyclophosphamide/kg. The comet assay was carried out with modifications of the blood volume and immersion time in the lysing solution and different combinations of electrophoresis conditions (running time, voltage and current), to Giemsa staining. The lysing time and electrophoresis conditions allowed for the expression of all classes of DNA damage during the electrophoresis run, and the comets were efficiently stained with Giemsa. The technique showed high reproducibility for the DNA classes. The results demonstrate that the modified comet assay with Giemsa staining can be standardized for routine laboratory procedures using a 20µL blood sample, 3h and 30min immersions in the lysing solution and electrophoresis runs with 23 to 25 V and 310 and 360mA of electrical current. The modified comet assay with Giemsa staining that was described in the present study was standardized to be applied in the laboratory routine.(AU)


O presente estudo testou um ensaio cometa modificado para a coloração de Giemsa para avaliar a genotoxicidade de fármacos no sangue periférico de ratos. Analisou-se o sangue periférico de 16 ratas Wistar (n=8 ratas/grupo) de um grupo controle e de um grupo que foi tratado com uma injeção intraperitoneal de 50mg/kg pv. de ciclofosfamida. O ensaio cometa foi realizado com modificações do volume sanguíneo e do tempo de imersão na solução de lise, bem como com diferentes combinações de condições de eletroforese (tempo de corrida, tensão e corrente), para coloração de Giemsa. O tempo de lise e as condições de eletroforese permitiram a expressão de todas as classes de danos no DNA durante a corrida de eletroforese, e os cometas foram eficientemente corados com Giemsa. A técnica mostrou alta reprodutibilidade para as classes de DNA. Os resultados demonstram que o ensaio cometa modificado com coloração de Giemsa foi padronizado para procedimentos laboratoriais de rotina usando-se uma amostra de sangue de 20µL, 3h30min de imersão na solução de lise e eletroforese com 23 a 25 V e 310 e 360mA. O ensaio cometa modificado com coloração de Giemsa descrito foi padronizado para ser aplicado na rotina laboratorial.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Staining and Labeling/veterinary , Azure Stains/toxicity , Comet Assay/veterinary , Genotoxicity/analysis , Electrophoresis/veterinary , Mutagenicity Tests/veterinary
5.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(6): 591-600, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284301

ABSTRACT

To investigate the influence of Kuntai capsules on the expression level of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1)and epidermal growth factor (EGF) during the mouse's implantation window of superovulation period and controlled ovarian hyperstimulation period. 90 female mice were randomly divided into six groups in control, superovulation and controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) conditions. The RNA expression of EGF, LIF and IGF-1 in the endometrium on the 4th day of pregnancy was detected, and the relative expression was compared. mRNA expression of these three factors in endometrium was significantly lower in superovulation and COH groups than control group (p<0.001). mRNA expression of these three factors in endometrium remained obviously lower in superovulation plus kuntai capsule group and COH plus kuntai capsule group than control group (p<0.01). mRNA expression of these three factors in endometrium was lower in control group than in the NS plus kuntai capsule group (p<0.05). Kuntai capsule cannot completely reverse the endometrial damages caused by superovulation and COH. Thus Kuntai capsule could partially improve a mouse's endometrial receptivity during the implantation window.


Para investigar la influencia de las cápsulas de Kuntai en el nivel de expresión del factor inhibidor de la leucemia (LIF), el factor de crecimiento similar a la insulina I (IGF-1) y el factor de crecimiento epidérmico (EGF) durante la ventana de implantación del ratón del período de superovulación y la hiperestimulación ovárica controlada período, se dividieron aleatoriamente 90 ratones hembra en seis grupos en condiciones de control, superovulación e hiperestimulación ovárica controlada (COH). Se detectó la expresión de ARN de EGF, LIF e IGF-1en el endometrio al cuarto día de embarazo, y se comparó la expresión relativa. La expresión de ARNm de estos tres factores en el endometrio fue significativamente menor en los grupos de superovulación y COH que en el grupo control (p<0,001). La expresión de ARNm de estos tres factores en el endometrio permaneció más baja en el grupo de cápsulas de superovulación más Kuntai y en el grupo de cápsulas de COH más Kuntai respecto del grupo control (p<0,01). La expresión de ARNm de estos tres factores en el endometrio fue menor en el grupo control que en el grupo de cápsula NS más Kuntai (p<0,05). La cápsula de Kuntai no pudo revertir completamente los daños endometriales causados por la superovulación y la COH. Por lo tanto, se sugiere que la cápsula de Kuntai podría mejorar parcialmente la receptividad endometrial de un ratón durante la ventana de implantación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Ovulation Induction/methods , Somatomedins/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Epidermal Growth Factor/drug effects , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor/drug effects , Embryo Implantation , Superovulation , Somatomedins/genetics , Somatomedins/metabolism , Capsules , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Electrophoresis , Epidermal Growth Factor/genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor/genetics , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor/metabolism
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine if there are differences in protein profiles in saliva depending if children of caries-free versus caries affected. Material and Methods: A cohort of 91 children with ages between 6 and 19 years, along clinical status of caries experience. Protein profiles in saliva were determined using electrophoresis and the calculation of the percentage of a specific band at a specific molecular weight in relationship to the total protein in that sample (% of total) using molecular weight standards. This quantification was repeated for each protein band across a range of molecular weights for each sample. Chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Student t-tests were used to compare the distributions between caries-free and caries affected children (α=0.05). Results: Histatin was more likely to be non-detectable or reduced in caries-free children (OR=7.56; 95% CI 1.62-35.13) and these children had on average one less gel band detected by the assay we used. Conclusion: We have found differences in proteins between caries affected and caries-free children, suggesting that this line of investigation holds the promise of providing new tools for caries management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Saliva/microbiology , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Proteomics , Electrophoresis , United States/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Data Interpretation, Statistical
7.
Infectio ; 23(4): 376-381, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1040009

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las proteínas no capsidales del virus de la fiebre aftosa se utilizan como marcadoras en la evaluación de animales que han estado en contacto con el virus, a diferencia de los inmunizados, ya que la vacuna no debe tener estas proteínas, por lo tanto los animales no deben presentar anticuerpos contra ellas. El objetivo de esta investigación fue la caracterización de la proteína no capsidal 3D y la producción de anticuerpos policlonales in vivo. La proteína se purificó del cultivo de virus inactivo, por cromatografía de intercambio iónico. La elución de los picos fue sometida a electroforesis uni-bidimensional; demostrándose un alto grado de pureza (>90%) en el pico tres, donde se identifico la proteína 3D, por la técnica de MALDI-TOF y electroespray de trampa iónica. La proteína purificada, se inoculó en cabras y el suero hiperinmune fue precipitado y sometido a cromatografía de afinidad para la obtención de inmunoglobulinas; la reacción inmunitaria se confirmó por medio de inmunodifusión y Western blot. El proceso de purificación demostró ser eficiente y útil para la obtención de anticuerpos específicos, los cuales tendrán utilidad en la elaboración de un ensayo inmunoenzimático que mida la pureza de la vacuna frente al contenido de estas proteínas.


Abstract The noncapsid proteins of the foot and mouth disease are used as markers in the evaluation of animals that have been in contact with the virus, to discriminated the immunized animals, because the vaccine should not have these proteins, therefore animals should not present antibodies against them. The aim of this investigation was the characterization of the 3D non-capsid protein and the production of polyclonal antibodies in vivo. The protein was purified from the culture of inactivated virus, by ion exchange chromatography. The elution of the peaks were submit an one-two-dimensional electrophoresis; Demonstrated a high degree of purity (> 90%) in peak three, where the 3D protein was identified, by the MALDI-TOF technique and ion trap electrospray. The purified protein, inoculated in goats and the hyperimmune serum, was precipitate out and submitted to affinity chromatography to obtain immunoglobulins; the immune reaction was confirmed by means of immunodiffusion and Western blot. The purification process proved to be efficient and useful for obtaining specific antibodies, which will be useful in the preparation of an immunoenzymatic assay that measures the purity of the vaccine against to the content of these proteins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsid Proteins , Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Viruses , Electrophoresis , Animal Diseases , Antibodies
8.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(4): 371-380, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057403

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cattle manure composting was performed in an aerated vessel. Community structure and diversity of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) were investigated using polymerase chain reaction and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) techniques targeting the ammonia monooxygenase alpha subunit (amoA) gene and the correlation between AOB and AOA communities and environmental factors was explored. Thirteen (13) AOB sequences were obtained, which were closely related to Nitrosomonas spp., Nitrosomonas eutropha, and Nitrosospira spp. and uncultured bacteria, among which Nitrosomonas spp. were predominant. Excessively high temperature and high ammonium concentration were not favorable for AOB growth. Five AOA sequences, belonging to Candidatus Nitrososphaera gargensis and to an uncultured archaeon, were obtained. During composting, community diversity of AOB and AOA fluctuated, with AOA showing a higher Shannon-Wiener index. The AOB community changed more dramatically in the mesophilic stage and the early thermophilic stage, whereas the most obvious AOA community succession occurred in the late thermophilic stage, the cooling stage and the maturity stage. Water content, total nitrogen (TN) and ammonium concentration were more relevant to the AOB community structure, while higher correlations were observed between ammonia, nitrate and TN and the AOA community. AOB community diversity was negatively correlated with pH (r = -0.938, p < 0.01) and water content (r = -0.765, p < 0.05), while positively correlated with TN (r = 0.894, p < 0.01). AOA community diversity was negatively correlated with ammonium concentration (r = -0.901, p < 0.01). Ammonium concentration played an important role in the succession of AOB and AOA communities during composting.


Resumen Se llevó a cabo un compostaje de estiércol de ganado en un recipiente aireado. Se investigó la estructura de la comunidad y la diversidad de bacterias oxidantes del amoníaco (AOB) y las arqueas oxidantes del amoníaco (AOA) mediante el uso de las técnicas de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y la electroforesis en gel con gradiente de desnaturalización (PCR-DGGE) dirigidas al gen de la subunidad alfa de la amonio monooxigenasa (amoA), y se exploró la correlación entre las comunidades AOB, AOA y los factores ambientales. Se obtuvieron 13 secuencias de AOB, las cuales se relacionaron estrechamente con Nitrosomonas spp., Nitrosomonas eutropha y Nitrosospira spp., y bacterias no cultivadas, entre las cuales fueron predominantes las Nitrosomonas spp. La temperatura excesivamente alta y la concentración de amonio elevada no fueron favorables para el crecimiento de las AOB. Se obtuvieron 5 secuencias de AOA, pertenecientes a Candidatus Nitrososphaera gargensis y un Archaeon no cultivado. Durante el compostaje, la diversidad de AOB y AOA fluctuó y las AOA mostraron un índice de Shannon-Wiener más alto. La comunidad de AOB cambió significativamente en la etapa mesofílica y la etapa termofílica temprana, mientras que la sucesión más obvia de la comunidad AOA ocurrió en la etapa termofílica tardía y las etapas de enfriamiento y de maduración. El contenido de agua, el nitrógeno total (TN) y la concentración de amonio fueron más relevantes para la estructura de la comunidad AOB, mientras que se observaron correlaciones mayores entre amoníaco, nitrato y TN, y la comunidad AOA. La diversidad de la comunidad AOB se correlacionó negativamente con el pH (r= -0,938; p < 0,01) y el contenido de agua (r = -0,765; p < 0,05), mientras que se relacionó positivamente con TN (r = 0,894; p < 0,01). La diversidad de la comunidad AOA se correlacionó negativamente con la concentración de amonio (r = -0,901; p < 0,01). La concentración de amonio desempenó un papel importante en la sucesión de las comunidades AOB y AOA durante el compostaje.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/growth & development , Archaea/growth & development , Nitrification , Ammonium Compounds/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Oxidants/chemistry , Electrophoresis/methods , Manure/microbiology
9.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 25(1): 10-14, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058565

ABSTRACT

Resumen En este estudio se investigó la susceptibilidad a antibióticos y el perfil plasmídico de S aureus aislado de queso costeño, blando, semiduro y duro, expendidas en diferentes puntos de venta de la ciudad de Valledupar. Por el método de Difusión del disco en agar, se determinó la resistencia a antibióticos y con la técnica de lisis alcalina y electroforesis en gel de agarosa, el perfil plasmídico. Como resultado, se obtuvo una carga microbiana por encima de 103 UFC/g, que está sobre el valor promedio máximo permitido, según la norma covenin 1538-92, el cual indica que se puede desencadenar brotes por intoxicación con estafilocócos. Se demostró la presencia de S. aureus en los quesos costeños blandos (75%), seguidos por los quesos semiduros (25%) ambos de origen (artesanal), los cuales son de alto consumo en Valledupar. Se establecieron 4 patrones diferentes de resistencia en las cepas de S. aureus aisladas de los quesos, siendo el patrón TER común para dos cepas, el resto de los patrones fueron únicos (PR, CR y EI). Una cepa fue resistente a P, productora de β-lactamasas, su CMI más alta fue 32µg/ml; todas las cepas mostraron sensibilidad a oxacilina, gentamicina, ciprofloxacina, cefoxitin, clindamicina, trimetoprim sulfa, vancomicina, rifampin, e imipenen. Hubo bandas plasmídicas con tamaños de 23kb encontrándose cepas con 1 plásmidos.


Abstract In this study, the antibiotic susceptibility was investigated and the plasmid profile of S aureus isolated from coastal cheese, soft, semi-hard and hard, expended in different outlets of the city of Valledupar. For the method of diffusion of the agar disk, the antibiotic resistance was determined and with the technique of alkaline lysis and electrophoresis in the agarose gel, the plasmid profile. As a result, was obtained one microbial load, above of 103 UFC/g, which is on average the maximum allowed value, according to the standard covenin 1538-92, which indicates that it can trigger outbreaks by Staphylococcal poisoning. The presence of S.aureus in coastal soft cheese was shown (75%), followed by semi-hard cheeses (25%) both home (handmade), which are of high consume in Valledupar. four different resistance patterns were established in the strains of the S.aureus isolated from the cheeses, being TER the common pattern for five strains, the rest of the patterns were unique (PR, CR and EI). One strain was resistant to P, producer of the β-lactamases, the CMI more tall was 32µg/ml; All the strains show sensibility to oxacillin, gentamycin, ciprofloxacin, cephoxitin, clindamycin, trimetoprim sulfa, vancomycin, rifampin, and imipenem. There plasmid bands with sizes between 23kb, being 1 strains with plasmids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmids , Staphylococcus aureus , Cheese , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Poisoning , Trimethoprim , Clindamycin , Vancomycin , Ciprofloxacin , Disease Susceptibility , Electrophoresis , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(5): 342-347, May 2019. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1012754

ABSTRACT

In face of the few reports found in national literature analyzing the potential influence of parturition number in serum proteinogram and biochemical profile in the peripartum period of high yielding dairy cows, the aim of the present study was to comparatively evaluate the dynamics of these serum constituents' concentrations in blood samples obtained from primiparous and multiparous Holstein cows, 60 and 30 days prepartum and in the day of parturition. Data were analyzed by repeated measures variance analysis (ANOVA) and differences between groups and moments were analyzed by Tukey's test. Results were considered significant when P<0.05. Parity influenced levels of total protein, albumin, globulins, magnesium, cholesterol, which were higher in multiparous cows, as well as concentrations of ceruloplasmin, total calcium, chloride and alkaline phosphatase activity, which were higher in primiparous cows. Parturition influenced serum concentrations of ceruloplasmin (+58%), transferrin (-25%), haptoglobin (+33%), total protein (-17%), globulins (-25%), immunoglobulin A (-43%), immunoglobulin G (-24%), total calcium (-12%), inorganic phosphorus (-10%), chloride (+5%), sodium (+4%), cholesterol (-23%), triglycerides (-38.6%), as well as activities of aspartate aminotransferase (+14%) and alkaline phosphatase (+28%). A decrease in serum levels of total calcium, inorganic phosphorus, cholesterol and triglycerides was more pronounced in multiparous than in primiparous cows. These results demonstrate that the interpretation of proteinogram and serum constituents should take into consideration lactation number and the moment of parturition as relevant factors in high yielding dairy cows in the transition period.(AU)


Diante da escassez de relatos encontrados na literatura nacional quanto à potencial influência do número de parições sobre o proteinograma sérico e perfil bioquímico no período periparto de vacas leiteiras de alta produção, o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar comparativamente a dinâmica de constituintes séricos em amostras de sangue obtidas de vacas da raça Holandesa primíparas e pluríparas, 60 e 30 dias pré-parto e no dia do parto. Os resultados foram avaliados por análise de variância (ANOVA) com medidas repetidas no tempo e as diferenças entre grupos e entre momentos foram analisadas pelo teste de Tukey, sendo os resultados considerados significativos quando P<0,05. O número de parições influenciou os teores de proteína total, albumina, globulinas, magnésio e colesterol, que foram maiores em vacas pluríparas, bem como as concentrações de ceruloplasmina, cálcio total, cloreto e atividade de fosfatase alcalina, que foram maiores em vacas primíparas. O número de parições influenciou as concentrações séricas de ceruloplasmina (+58%), transferrina (-25%), haptoglobina (+33%), proteína total (-17%), globulinas (-25%), imunoglobulina A (-43%), imunoglobulina G (-24%), cálcio total (-12%), fósforo (-10%), cloretos (+5%), sódio (+4%), colesterol (-23%), triglicérides (-38.6%), bem como as atividades de aspartato aminotransferase (+14%) e fosfatase alcalina (+28%). A diminuição do teor sérico de cálcio total, fósforo, colesterol e triglicérides foi mais acentuada em vacas pluríparas do que em vacas primíparas. Esses resultados mostram que a interpretação do proteinograma e dos constituintes séricos deve levar em consideração o número de lactações e a ocorrência do parto como fatores relevantes em vacas leiteiras de alta produção no período de transição.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Biochemistry , Peripartum Period , Electrophoresis/veterinary
11.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(1): 43-51, mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001077

ABSTRACT

Las epidemias de cólera afectan a un gran número de países africanos, asiáticos y del Caribe. Los cambios climatológicos y las constantes migraciones hacen que esta enfermedad se extienda, por lo que resulta necesario disponer de vacunas protectoras. En el presente trabajo se caracterizó una nueva vacuna de vesículas de membrana externa (VMEs) obtenidas de Vibrio cholerae O1 biotipo El Tor serotipo Ogawa cepa C7258, en el Instituto Finlay de vacunas (Cuba), a través de métodos proteómicos. Se identificaron 53 proteínas presentes en las VME (4 proteínas por banda electroforética) separadas por electroforesis unidimensional (1D) y digeridas con tripsina. Los fragmentos obtenidos fueron separados por cromatografía líquida de alta resolución (HPLC) acoplada a espectrometría de masa, secuenciados e identificados mediante bases de datos de proteínas Swiss-Prot y TrEMBL. El patrón proteico obtenido presentó algunas de las proteínas (12 proteínas citoplasmáticas y 5 proteínas de membrana externa) sugeridas dentro del proteoma de buena calidad para candidatos vacunales. Se estudiaron las mejores condiciones para la separación de las proteínas a través de electroforesis bidimensional. Las VME evaluadas cuentan con una composición fundamentada en proteínas necesarias para garantizar una respuesta inmune que proteja contra Vibrio cholerae O1 biotipo El Tor serotipo Ogawa.


Cholera epidemics affect a large number of African, Asian and Caribbean countries. The climate changes and the constant migrations cause this disease to spread, making it is necessary to obtain protective vaccines. In the present work, a new vaccine of outer membrane vesicles (OMV) from V. cholerae O1 El Tor biotype Ogawa serotype strain C7258 at Finlay Institute of vaccines (Cuba) was characterized by proteomic methods. A total of 53 proteins present in the OMV (approximate ratio of 4 proteins by electrophoresis band) were identified, separated by one dimension electrophoresis and digested by tripsin method. The fragments were separated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to mass spectrometry, sequenced and identified, using Swiss-Prot and TrEMBL protein databases. The pattern showed some proteins (12 cytoplasmic proteins and 5 outer membrane proteins) suggested within the highest quality proteome for vaccine candidate. The best conditions for proteins separation by two dimension electrophoresis were studied. The OMV composition was based on proteins described to the immunity response and protection against V. cholerae O1 El Tor biotype Ogawa serotype.


As epidemias de cólera afetam um grande número de países africanos, asiáticos e caribenhos. As mudanças climáticas e as constantes migrações fazem com que esta doença se espalhe, portanto é necessário ter vacinas protectoras. No presente trabalho, uma nova vacina de vesículas de membrana externa (VMEs) obtidas de Vibrio cholerae 01 biotipo El Tor sorotipo Ogawa cepa C7258, no Instituto de Vacinas Finlay (Cuba), através de métodos proteômicos. Foram identificadas 53 proteínas presentes nas VME (4 proteínas por banda eletroforética) separadas por eletroforese unidimensional (1D) e digeridas com tripsina. Os fragmentos obtidos foram separados por cromatografia de alta resolução (HPLC) acoplada a espectrometria de massa, sequenciados e identificados usando bancos de dados de proteínas Swiss-Prot e TrEMBL. O padrão proteico obtido apresentou algumas das proteínas (12 proteínas citoplasmáticas e 5 proteínas de membrana externa) sugeridas dentro do proteoma de boa qualidade para candidatos vacinais. As melhores condições para a separação de proteínas através de eletroforese bidimensional foram estudadas. As VME avaliados possuem uma composição baseada em proteínas necessárias para garantir uma resposta imune que proteja contra Vibrio cholerae O1 biotipo El Tor sorotipo Ogawa.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins , Vaccines , Cholera/drug therapy , Proteomics , Mass Spectrometry , Climate Change , Cholera , Chromatography , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Quality Management , Vibrio cholerae O1 , Electrophoresis , Microbiology
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759766

ABSTRACT

A 61-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of erythematous firm nodules on the hands and feet. Histopathological findings of the lesional skin revealed perivascular and diffuse neutrophilic infiltrations on the upper and mid-dermis. Increased and dilated blood vessels were observed in the upper dermis. Fibrinoid necrosis of the vessel walls was unremarkable, but endothelial swelling and scant red blood cell (RBC) extravasation were noted. Fibrosis and sclerosis of collagen fibers were noted on the deep dermis. Results of laboratory examinations, including complete blood count (CBC), routine chemistry, c-reactive protein (CRP), syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests, and serum immunoglobulin electrophoresis, were all negative or within normal limit. A diagnosis of erythema elevatum diutinum was made based on the clinical and histological findings. The patient was treated with prednisolone, dapsone, colchicine, and intralesional injection of triamcinolone and showed slight improvement after treatment for 8 months.


Subject(s)
Blood Cell Count , Blood Vessels , C-Reactive Protein , Chemistry , Colchicine , Collagen , Dapsone , Dermis , Diagnosis , Electrophoresis , Erythema , Erythrocytes , Fibrosis , Foot , Hand , HIV , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Injections, Intralesional , Middle Aged , Necrosis , Neutrophils , Prednisolone , Sclerosis , Skin , Syphilis , Triamcinolone
13.
Blood Research ; : 17-22, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739439

ABSTRACT

Genetic hemoglobin disorders are caused by mutations and/or deletions in the α-globin or β-globin genes. Thalassemia is caused by quantitative defects and hemoglobinopathies by structural defect of hemoglobin. The incidence of thalassemia and hemoglobinopathy is increased in Korea with rapid influx of people from endemic areas. Thus, the awareness of the disease is needed. α-thalassemias are caused by deletions in α-globin gene, while β-thalassemias are associated with decreased synthesis of β-globin due to β-globin gene mutations. Hemoglobinopathies involve structural defects in hemoglobin due to altered amino acid sequence in the α- or β-globin chains. When the patient is suspected with thalassemia/hemoglobinopathy from abnormal complete blood count findings and/or family history, the next step is detecting hemoglobin abnormality using electrophoresis methods including high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. The development of novel molecular genetic technologies, such as massively parallel sequencing, facilitates a more precise molecular diagnosis of thalassemia/hemoglobinopathy. Moreover, prenatal diagnosis using genetic testing enables the prevention of thalassemia birth and pregnancy complications. We aimed to review the spectrum and classification of thalassemia/hemoglobinopathy diseases and the diagnostic strategies including screening tests, molecular genetic tests, and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Anemia , Blood Cell Count , Chromatography, Liquid , Classification , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnosis , Electrophoresis , Erythrocytes , Genetic Testing , Hematology , Hemoglobinopathies , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Biology , Parturition , Pregnancy Complications , Prenatal Diagnosis , Thalassemia
14.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19180478, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019538

ABSTRACT

Abstract This work aimed to evaluate the enzymatic hydrolysis of okara protein concentrate with respect to degree of hydrolysis (DH) in order to obtain a protein hydrolysate with high antioxidant capacity and aglycones isoflavone content. A central composite rotatable design was carried out to evaluate the influence of temperature (40 to 70°C), enzyme:substrate ratio (0.5 to 5.0%, g/100g protein) and pH (7.0 to 9.0) on DH. The optimal condition was 55°C, pH 9 and enzyme:substrate ratio of 5.0%, resulting a DH value of 35.5%. After protein hydrolysis at optimal condition, the antioxidant capacities of hydrolysate increased from 58.29 to 383.49 μM Trolox equivalent/g solids (ABTS method) and 2.41 to 15.32 μM Trolox equivalent/g solids (FRAP method) when compared with protein concentrate. The higher radical scavenging ability of hydrolysate was due to great amount of hydrophobic amino acids (34.92 g/100g protein). Moreover, the protein hydrolysate obtained under optimal condition had 3 times higher aglycone isoflavone content than non-hydrolyzed sample. These results showed that protein hydrolysis of okara could be an alternative approach to increase antioxidant activity and enrich aglycones isoflavone in this byproduct generated from soymilk industry.


Subject(s)
Peptides , Soy Milk , Electrophoresis , Glycine Decarboxylase Complex H-Protein , Isoflavones , Research Design
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741766

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The emergence of resistant bacteria is being increasingly reported around the world, potentially threatening millions of lives. Amongst resistant bacteria, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most challenging to treat. This is due to emergent MRSA strains and less effective traditional antibiotic therapies to Staphylococcal infections. The use of bacteriophages (phages) against MRSA is a new, potential alternate therapy. In this study, morphology, genetic and protein structure of lytic phages against MRSA have been analysed. METHODS: Isolation of livestock and sewage bacteriophages were performed using 0.4 μm membrane filters. Plaque assays were used to determine phage quantification by double layer agar method. Pure plaques were then amplified for further characterization. Sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and random amplification of polymorphic DNA were run for protein evaluation, and genotyping respectively. Transmission electron microscope was also used to detect the structure and taxonomic classification of phage visually. RESULTS: Head and tail morphology of bacteriophages against MRSA were identified by transmission electron microscopy and assigned to the Siphoviridae family and the Caudovirales order. CONCLUSION: Bacteriophages are the most abundant microorganism on Earth and coexist with the bacterial population. They can destroy bacterial cells successfully and effectively. They cannot enter mammalian cells which saves the eukaryotic cells from lytic phage activity. In conclusion, phage therapy may have many potential applications in microbiology and human medicine with no side effect on eukaryotic cells.


Subject(s)
Agar , Bacteria , Bacteriophages , Caudovirales , Classification , DNA , Electrophoresis , Eukaryotic Cells , Head , Humans , Livestock , Membranes , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Transmission , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Sewage , Siphoviridae , Staphylococcal Infections , Tail
16.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 35: 1-9, sept. 2018. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047456

ABSTRACT

Background: Aspergillus ochraceus was isolated from coffee pulp and selected as an interesting hydroxycinnamoyl esterase strain producer, using an activity microplate high-throughput screening method. In this work, we purified and characterized a new type C A. ochraceus feruloyl esterase (AocFaeC), which synthesized specifically butyl hydroxycinnamates in a ternary solvent system. Results: AocFaeC was produced by solid state fermentation, reaching its maximal activity (1.1 U/g) after 48 h of culture. After purification, the monomeric protein (34 kDa) showed a specific activity of 57.9 U/mg towards methyl ferulate. AocFaeC biochemical characterization confirmed its identity as a type C feruloyl esterase and suggested the presence of a catalytic serine in the active site. Its maximum hydrolytic activity was achieved at 40°C and pH 6.5 and increased by 109 and 77% with Ca2+ and Mg2+, but decreased by 90 and 45% with Hg2+ and Cu2+, respectively. The initial butyl ferulate synthesis rate increased from 0.8 to 23.7 nmol/min after transesterification condition improvement, using an isooctane:butanol:water ternary solvent system, surprisingly the synthesis activity using other alcohols was negligible. At these conditions, the synthesis specific activities for butyl p-coumarate, sinapinate, ferulate, and caffeate were 87.3, 97.6, 168.2, and 234 U/µmol, respectively. Remarkably, AocFaeC showed 5 folds higher butyl caffeate synthesis rate compared to type B Aspergillus niger feruloyl esterase, a well-known enzyme for its elevated activity towards caffeic acid esters. Conclusions: Type C feruloyl esterase from A. ochraceus is a butanol specific biocatalyst for the synthesis of hydroxycinnamates in a ternary solvent system


Subject(s)
Aspergillus ochraceus/enzymology , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/metabolism , Coumaric Acids/chemical synthesis , Solvents , Spectrophotometry , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/isolation & purification , Chromatography , Coffee , Butanols , Electrophoresis , Fermentation
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(5): 795-805, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-955403

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o proteinograma e concentrações séricas de IgG (após a padronização de teste ELISA) em potros do nascimento aos trinta dias de idade, antes e depois de mamarem colostro e serem tratados com plasma por via intravenosa. Foram utilizados 20 potros e suas respectivas mães, além de quatro animais doadores de plasma. Foram colhidas amostras de sangue dos potros em cinco momentos, logo após o nascimento e antes de mamar colostro (M1), dez horas após nascimento (M2), 24 horas após nascimento e previamente administração do plasma sanguíneo (M3), 48 horas de vida e 24 horas após administração do plasma sanguíneo (M4), e 30 dias após nascimento (M5). Foram colhidos sangue e colostro das éguas progenitoras no momento do parto. A concentração de proteína total (PT) e albumina foram determinadas em analisador bioquímico, a concentração de PT também foi avaliada em refratômetro manual. O fracionamento proteico foi realizado utilizando eletroforese em gel de agarose. A densidade do colostro foi avaliada com colostrômetros de refração BRIX e de densidade específica. A concentração de IgG total de todas as amostras foi determinada por teste ELISA. Com o sistema de ELISA aqui proposto foi possível determinar concentrações de IgG em amostras de soro, plasma e colostro equino com adequada repetibilidade. A média ± desvio padrão da concentração sérica de IgG dos potros ao nascer, foi de 15±8mg/dL, com dez horas de vida foi de 2.408±608mg/dL, se manteve em níveis semelhantes até 48 horas (2.364±784mg/dL) e diminuíram significativamente aos 30 dias de vida (1.414±586mg/dL). A concentração sérica e colostral de IgG nas éguas foi de 1.746±505mg/dL e 7.714±2.619mg/dL, respectivamente. A concentração plasmática de IgG dos doadores de plasma foi de 2.026±148mg/dL. Houve correlação positiva entre as concentrações séricas de IgG e PT (r=0,69 para refratômetro e r=0,76 para bioquímico), GT (r=0,81) e gamaglobulina (r=0,85). Dez horas após o nascimento foi possível verificar a transferência de imunidade passiva, possibilitando adotar medidas profiláticas e/ou terapêuticas em haras de criação de cavalos. Considerando que a proteína total, globulinas totais e fração γ-globulina apresentam correlação com IgG, estas determinações são úteis para monitorar os potros após mamarem o colostro. Um litro de plasma administrado às 24 horas de vida não foi suficiente para aumentar as concentrações séricas de IgG, 24 horas após transfusão, em potros com adequada transferência de imunidade passiva.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate serum protein and serum IgG concentrations (after a direct enzyme immunoassay test ELISA optimization) in newborns foals from birth to thirty days of life before and after colostrum consumption and intravenous treatment with plasma. Twenty foals and their respective progenitors as well as four plasma donor's horses were used. Blood samples were obtained from newborn foals at five time points, immediately after birth and before colostrum intake (M1), ten hours after birth (M2), 24 hours after birth and prior administration of blood plasma (M3), 48 hours after birth and 24 hours after plasma administration (M4), and 30 days after birth (M5). Blood and colostrum samples were collected from the progenitor mares immediately postpartum. Concentration of total protein (TP) and albumin were determined using a biochemical analyzer. The TP concentration was also measured by refractometer. Fractions of total serum protein were separated using agarose gel electrophoresis. Colostrum density was evaluated using BRIX refractometer and specific density colostrometer. Total IgG concentration was determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. With the ELISA system proposed here it was possible to determine IgG concentrations in serum, plasma, and equine colostrum samples with adequate repeatability. Serum IgG concentration in foals at birth was 15±8mg/dL (mean ± standard deviation) raising at ten hours (2,408±608mg/dL) and remaining at similar levels up to 48 hours of life (2,364±784mg/dL), and decreasing significantly at 30 days of age (1,414±586mg/dL). Serum and colostrum IgG concentrations of mares were 1,746±505mg/dL and 7,714±2,619mg/dL, respectively. The plasma IgG concentrations from donor mares were 2,026±148mg/dL. Total protein, total globulins, and γ-globulin fraction showed correlation with IgG. Ten hours post birth was an adequate time to verify the transfer of passive immunity, allowing to adoption prophylactic and/or therapeutic measures in a horse farms. One liter of plasma administered at 24 hours of life was not sufficient to raise serum IgG concentrations in foals without passive immunity transfer failure.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Infant, Newborn , Plasma/chemistry , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Horses/blood , Electrophoresis/statistics & numerical data
18.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(1): 51-56, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893303

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El odontólogo como profesional integral del área de la salud, debe tener conocimiento acerca de distintas manifestaciones bioquímicas que pueden tener repercusión en la cavidad oral. El objetivo del trabajo fue determinar las manifestaciones bioquímicas y alteraciones en biomarcadores salivales en la cavidad oral producto de la fibrosis quística o del consumo crónico de medicamentos para el tratamiento de la FQ. Se seleccionó un total de cinco personas con fibrosis quística y cuatro personas sanas, pertenecientes a la ciudad de Concepción en la Octava Región de Chile. Se midió pH salival, capacidad buffer, concentración de proteínas totales, tasa de flujo salival estimulado y se determinó presencia de ciertas enzimas salivales en pacientes que padecen la enfermedad. Se pudo evidenciar que el pH salival en sujetos con fibrosis quística tiende a ser mayor a los valores de referencia, la tasa de flujo salival es mucho menor al igual que la capacidad buffer, la concentración de proteínas totales en saliva se encuentra igual a los valores de referencia y se determinó la presencia biomarcadores salivales a través de la técnica de electroforesis. La fibrosis quística afecta de muchas formas a las personas que la padecen, genera cambios a nivel de los biomarcadores salivales como también en la cavidad oral, por lo que el odontólogo debe estar capacitado para identificar estos cambios y poder tratar de la mejor manera a todo tipo de paciente.


ABSTRACT: The dentist as an integral health professional must have knowledge of various biochemical manifestations that may have repercussions on the oral cavity. The objective of the study was to determine the biochemical manifestations and salivary biomarker alterations in the oral cavity resulting from cystic fibrosis or chronic consumption of drugs for the treatment of CF. We selected a total of five people with cystic fibrosis and four healthy people, from the city of Concepcion in the eighth region of Chile. Salivary pH, buffer capacity, total protein concentration, stimulated salivary flow rate and the presence of certain salivary enzymes were measured in patients suffering from the disease. It was observed that the salivary pH in subjects with cystic fibrosis tends to be higher than the reference values, the salivary flow rate and buffer capacity are less than normal, the total protein concentration in saliva is equal to the reference values and the presence of salivary biomarkers was determined through the electrophoresis technique. Cystic fibrosis affects those who suffer the disease in many ways, it generates changes at the salivary biomarker level, as well as in the oral cavity. The dentist must therefore, be able to identify these changes in order to treat them in the best possible approach for all types of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Cystic Fibrosis/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism , Chemokine CXCL10/metabolism , Saliva/chemistry , Biomarkers/metabolism , Proteins , Chile , Electrophoresis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Informed Consent
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713707

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We developed skin prick test (SPT) reagents for common inhalant allergens that reflected the real exposure in Korea. The study aim was to evaluate diagnostic usefulness and allergen potency of our inhalant SPT reagents in comparison with commercial products. METHODS: We produced eight common inhalant allergen SPT reagents using total extract (Prolagen): Dermatophagoides farinae, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, oak, ragweed, mugwort, Humulus japonicus pollens, as well as cat and dog allergens. We compared the newly developed reagents with three commercially available SPT reagents (Allergopharma, Hollister-Stier, Lofarma). We measured total protein concentrations, sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), major allergen concentration, and biological allergen potencies measured by immunoglobulin E (IgE) immunoblotting and ImmunoCAP inhibition test. RESULTS: Diagnostic values of these SPT reagents were expressed as positivity rate and concordance rate of the results from ImmunoCAP allergen-specific IgE test in 94 allergic patients. In vitro analysis showed marked differences in protein concentrations, SDS-PAGE features, major allergen concentrations, and biological allergen potencies of four different SPT reagents. In vivo analysis showed that positive rates and concordance rates of Prolagen® SPT reagents were similar compared to the three commercial SPT reagents. CONCLUSION: The newly developed Prolagen® inhalant SPT reagents are not inferior to the commercially available SPT reagents in allergy diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Allergy and Immunology , Ambrosia , Animals , Artemisia , Cats , Dermatophagoides farinae , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Diagnosis , Dogs , Electrophoresis , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Humans , Humulus , Hypersensitivity , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , In Vitro Techniques , Indicators and Reagents , Korea , Methods , Pollen , Skin , Sodium
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713430

ABSTRACT

Xanthomas are localized lipid deposits within organs that may manifest as papules, plaques, or nodules in skin. They are commonly associated with all types of hyperlipidemia. Xanthoma striatum palmare characterized by xanthomas of the palmar creases is a rare but important diagnostic physical sign of dysbetalipoproteinemia, also known as type III hyperlipoproteinemia. Type III hyperlipoproteinemia is characterized by the early onset of cardiovascular disease and peripheral vascular disease. We describe herein the case of a 51-year-old female patient affected by xanthoma striatum palmare associated with elevated plasma levels of triglycerides and cholesterol and a lipoprotein electrophoresis pattern consistent with type III hyperlipoproteinemia.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Electrophoresis , Female , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type III , Lipoproteins , Middle Aged , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Plasma , Skin , Triglycerides , Xanthomatosis
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