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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927878

ABSTRACT

Mucins,a family of heavily glycosylated proteins,present mainly in epithelial cells.They function as essential barriers for epithelium and play important roles in cellular physiological processes.Aberrant expression and glycosylation of mucins in gastric epithelium occur at pathological conditions,such as Helicobacter pylori infection,chronic atrophic gastritis,intestinal metastasis,dysplasia,and gastric cancer.This review addresses the major roles played by mucins and associated O-glycan structures in normal gastric epithelium.Further,we expound the alterations of expression patterns and glycan signatures of mucins at those pathological conditions.


Subject(s)
Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Glycosylation , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/metabolism , Humans , Mucins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
2.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(5): 809-827, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144282

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las últimas guías clínicas conjuntas de NASPGHAN y ESPGHAN en relación a la infección por H. pylori publicadas el año 2016, contienen 20 afirmaciones que han sido cuestionadas en la práctica respecto a su aplicabilidad en Latinoamérica (LA); en particular en relación a la preven ción del cáncer gástrico. Métodos: Se realizó un análisis crítico de la literatura, con especial énfasis en datos de LA y se estableció el nivel de evidencia y nivel de recomendación de las afirmaciones mas controversiales de las Guías Conjuntas. Se realizaron 2 rondas de votación de acuerdo a la técnica Delfi de consenso y se utilizó escala de Likert (de 0 a 4) para establecer el "grado de acuerdo" entre un grupo de expertos de SLAGHNP. Resultados: Existen pocos estudios en relación a diagnóstico, efectividad de tratamiento y susceptibilidad a antibióticos de H. pylori en pacientes pediátricos de LA. En base a estos estudios, extrapolaciones de estudios de adultos y la experiencia clínica del panel de expertos participantes, se realizan las siguientes recomendaciones. Recomendamos la toma de biopsias para test rápido de ureasa e histología (y muestras para cultivo o técnicas moleculares, cuando estén disponibles) durante la endoscopia digestiva alta sólo si en caso de confirmar la infección por H. pylori, se indicará tratamiento de erradicación. Recomendamos que centros regionales seleccio nados realicen estudios de sensibilidad/resistencia antimicrobiana para H. pylori y así actúen como centros de referencia para toda LA. En caso de falla de erradicación de H. pylori con tratamiento de primera línea, recomendamos tratamiento empírico con terapia cuádruple con inhibidor de bomba de protones, amoxicilina, metronidazol y bismuto por 14 días. En caso de falla de erradicación con el esquema de segunda línea, se recomienda indicar un tratamiento individualizado considerando la edad del paciente, el esquema indicado previamente y la sensibilidad antibiótica de la cepa, lo que implica realizar una nueva endoscopía con extracción de muestra para cultivo y antibiograma o es tudio molecular de resistencia. En niños sintomáticos referidos a endoscopía que tengan antecedente de familiar de primer o segundo grado con cáncer gástrico, se recomienda considerar la búsqueda de H. pylori mediante técnica directa durante la endoscopia (y erradicarlo cuando es detectado). Con clusiones: La evidencia apoya mayoritariamente los conceptos generales de las Guías NASPGHAN/ ESPGHAN 2016, pero es necesario adaptarlas a la realidad de LA, con énfasis en el desarrollo de centros regionales para el estudio de sensibilidad a antibióticos y mejorar la correcta selección del tratamiento de erradicación. En niños sintomáticos con antecedente familiar de primer o segundo grado de cáncer gástrico, se debe considerar la búsqueda y erradicación de H. pylori.


Abstract: Introduction: The latest joint H. pylori NASPGHAN and ESPGHAN clinical guidelines published in 2016, contain 20 statements that have been questioned in practice regarding their applicability in Latin America (LA); in particular in relation to gastric cancer prevention. Methods: We conduc ted a critical analysis of the literature, with special emphasis on LA data and established the level of evidence and level of recommendation of the most controversial claims in the Joint Guidelines. Two rounds of voting were conducted according to the Delphi consensus technique and a Likert scale (from 0 to 4) was used to establish the "degree of agreement" among a panel of SLAGHNP ex perts. Results: There are few studies regarding diagnosis, treatment effectiveness and susceptibility to antibiotics of H. pylori in pediatric patients of LA. Based on these studies, extrapolations from adult studies, and the clinical experience of the participating expert panel, the following recom mendations are made. We recommend taking biopsies for rapid urease and histology testing (and samples for culture or molecular techniques, when available) during upper endoscopy only if in case of confirmed H. pylori infection, eradication treatment will be indicated. We recommend that selected regional centers conduct antimicrobial sensitivity/resistance studies for H. pylori and thus act as reference centers for all LA. In case of failure to eradicate H. pylori with first-line treatment, we recommend empirical treatment with quadruple therapy with proton pump inhibitor, amoxi cillin, metronidazole, and bismuth for 14 days. In case of eradication failure with the second line scheme, it is recommended to indicate an individualized treatment considering the age of the pa tient, the previously indicated scheme and the antibiotic sensitivity of the strain, which implies performing a new endoscopy with sample extraction for culture and antibiogram or molecular resistance study. In symptomatic children referred to endoscopy who have a history of first or se cond degree family members with gastric cancer, it is recommended to consider the search for H. pylori by direct technique during endoscopy (and eradicate it when detected). Conclusions: The evidence supports most of the general concepts of the NASPGHAN/ESPGHAN 2016 Guidelines, but it is necessary to adapt them to the reality of LA, with emphasis on the development of regional centers for the study of antibiotic sensitivity and to improve the correct selection of the eradication treatment. In symptomatic children with a family history of first or second degree gastric cancer, the search for and eradication of H. pylori should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Endoscopy, Digestive System/standards , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/prevention & control , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Pediatrics/methods , Pediatrics/standards , Stomach/pathology , Stomach/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/standards , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Delphi Technique , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Latin America
3.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 363-370, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126173

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La inflamación asociada con la infección por Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) se relaciona con la pro gresión de las lesiones precancerosas gástricas. Las infecciones por helmintos podrían modular la respuesta proinflamatoria a la infección por H. pylori desde un perfil tipo LTCD4+ Th1 hacia una respuesta menos perjudicial tipo LTCD4+ Th2. Objetivo: Caracterizar la polarización de la respuesta inmune tipo LTCD4+ Th1/Th2 de pacientes coinfectados por H. pylori y helmintiasis procedentes de áreas de bajo riego para el desarrollo de cáncer gástrico. Pacientes y Método: Se analizaron 63 pacientes, 40 adultos y 23 niños infectados con H. pylori. La determinación de los perfiles séricos de las interleucinas asociadas con la polarización de la respuesta inmune tipo LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1Β, INF-γ y TNF-α) y tipo LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10 e IL-13) se realizó con Análisis Multiplex (xMAP). La relación entre el estado de coinfección por helmintos en pacientes infectados con H. pylori y la polarización de la respuesta inmune mediada por LTCD4+ Th1 y LTCD4+ Th2, se estudió con un modelo de regresión logístico de efectos mixtos. Resultados: La frecuencia de helmintos fue similar en adultos (15%) y niños (17%). La polarización de la respuesta inmune fue más prevalente hacia el tipo LTCD4+ Th1. Los valores séricos de las interleucinas asociadas con la polarización de la respuesta inmune tipo LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1 Β, INF-γ y TNF-α) y tipo LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10 e IL-13) fueron independientes del estado de infestación por helmintos. Conclusión: La prevalencia de infección por parasitismo intestinal fue alta y la polarización de la respuesta inmune fue predominantemente hacia un perfil tipo LTCD4 + Th1.


Abstract: Introduction: Inflammation associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is linked to the development of a gastric precancerous lesion. Helminth infections could influence the pro-inflam matory response to such infection from LTCD4+ Th1 to a less harmful LTCD4+ Th2 response. Ob jective: To characterize the polarization of the LTCD4+ Th2 immune response in co-infected pa tients with H. pylori and helminths from low-risk areas for developing gastric cancer. Patients and Method: We analyzed 63 patients infected by H. pylori (40 adults and 23 children). Through the Multiplex Analysis technology (xMAP), we determined the serum profiles of the interleukins asso ciated with the polarization of the immune response of LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1Β, INF-γ, TNF-α) as well as the LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13). The ratio between helminths co-infection status in H. pylori-infected patients and the polarization of the immune response mediated by LTCD4+ Th1 and LTCD4+ Th2 was assessed using a Mixed Effects Logistic Regression Model. Results: The frequency of helminths was similar between adults (15%) and children (17%). The polarization of the immu ne response was more prevalent in LTCD4+ Th1. Serum values of interleukins associated with the immune response polarization of LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1Β, INF-γ, and TNF-α) and LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13) were independent of helminths infection status. Conclusion: The prevalence of in testinal parasitic infection was high and the immune response polarization was mainly LTCD4 + Th1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Th1-Th2 Balance , Coinfection/immunology , Helminthiasis/immunology , Biomarkers/blood , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Logistic Models , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Coinfection/diagnosis , Coinfection/pathology , Coinfection/blood , Helminthiasis/diagnosis , Helminthiasis/pathology , Helminthiasis/blood
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 74-78, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of Helicobacter pylori infection on eosinophilic infiltration in duodenal mucosa is poorly studied. An increase in the number of eosinophils in duodenum has been associated with functional dyspepsia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of H. pylori infection on duodenal eosinophil count and the role of eosinophilic infiltrate of duodenum in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: Positive and negative H. pylori individuals were included. Both functional dyspeptic patients according to Rome III criteria (cases) and individuals without gastrointestinal symptoms (controls) were enrolled. They were submitted to upper endoscopy and H. pylori infection was verified by gastric histopathology and urease test. Eosinophils in the duodenal mucosa were counted in five high-power fields, randomly selected on slides of endoscopic biopsies. RESULTS: Thirty-nine H. pylori positive (mean age 40.5 and 69.2% women) and 24 negative patients (mean age 37.3 and 75% women) were included. The influence of the infection was observed in the duodenal eosinophil count, which was higher in infected individuals: median 13.2 vs 8.1 in non-infected individuals (P=0.005). When we analyzed patients according to symptoms, cases - mean age 39.6; 71.4% women - and controls - mean age 38.7; 71.4% women - had similar duodenal eosinophil count: median 11.9 and 12.6 respectively (P=0.19). CONCLUSIONS: We did not demonstrate association of duodenal eosinophil count with functional dyspepsia but found association with H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel de infecção por Helicobacter pylori no infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal ainda é pouco compreendido. Um aumento no número de eosinófilos duodenais tem sido associado a dispepsia funcional. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência do H. pylori na contagem de eosinófilos duodenais e o papel do infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal na dispepsia funcional. MÉTODOS: Indivíduos H. pylori positivo e negativo foram incluídos. Ambos os grupos, compreendendo dispépticos funcionais pelos critérios de Roma III (casos) e indivíduos sem sintomas gastrointestinais (controles), foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para pesquisa de H. pylori, efetuada por histopatologia e teste de urease. Eosinófilos na mucosa duodenal foram contabilizados em cinco campos de maior aumento, selecionados randomicamente nas lâminas de biópsia endoscópicas. RESULTADOS: Trinta e nove indivíduos H. pylori positivo (média de idade 40,5 e 69,2% mulheres) e 24 H. pylori negativos (média de idade 37,3 e 75% mulheres) foram incluídos. A influência da infecção por H. pylori foi observada na contagem de eosinófilos, que foi maior nos positivos: mediana 13,2 vs 8,1 (P=0,005). Quando analisados pacientes de acordo com sintomas, os casos (média de idade 39,6 e 71,4% mulheres) e controles (média de idade 38,7 e 71,4% mulheres), apresentaram semelhante contagem de eosinófilos duodenais: mediana 11,9 e 12,6, respectivamente (P=0,19). CONCLUSÃO: Não demonstramos associação da contagem de eosinófilos duodenais com dispepsia duodenal, mas encontramos associação com infecção por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Eosinophilia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Gastroscopy , Duodenum/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Middle Aged
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 419-424, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important risk factor for gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia, both considered gastric cancer precursor lesions. Therefore, the investigation of the occurrence of H. pylori infection, precursor lesions and associated factors guides the adoption of specific strategies for the control this type of cancer. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of H. pylori infection in patients undergoing upper digestive endoscopy, as well as the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia, atrophy and chronic inflammation and their association with H. pylori infection. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed based on reports of gastric endoscopic biopsies performed in a private laboratory affiliated to the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS). Patients were evaluated for age, gender and type of health service. The samples were evaluated for the presence of H. pylori, and also of chronic inflammation, intestinal metaplasia and glandular atrophy. RESULTS: Of a total of 4,604 patients (mean age 51±16.6), 63.9% were female and 63.1% coming from private health care service. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was 31.7% (n=1,459), and the percentage of infection was significantly higher in patients from public health service (42.0%) in relation to patients from private health service (25.6%). Among H. pylori (+) patients, a higher percentage of intestinal metaplasia (17.7% vs 13.3%) and glandular atrophy (17.6% vs 6.9%) were observed when compared to those H. pylori (-) (P<0.01). From the patients H. pylori (+) with at least one type of precursor lesion (n=418), 161 (38.5%) had metaplasia and chronic inflammation, 160 (38.3%) had atrophy and chronic inflammation and finally 97 (23.2%) presented metaplasia, atrophy and chronic inflammation simultaneously. CONCLUSION: The present study reinforces the association of H. pylori infection with gastric cancer precursor lesions in a Brazilian population, emphasizing the importance of infection prevention measures, as well as the treatment of infected patients, especially in regions with lower socioeconomic levels that show a higher prevalence of infection by H. pylori.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A infecção por Helicobacter pylori é o fator de risco mais importante para atrofia gástrica e metaplasia intestinal, ambas consideradas lesões precursoras do câncer gástrico. Portanto, a investigação da ocorrência de infecção por H. pylori, das lesões precursoras e dos fatores associados orienta a adoção de estratégias específicas para o controle deste tipo de câncer. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de infecção por H. pylori em pacientes submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta, bem como a prevalência de metaplasia intestinal, atrofia e inflamação crônica e a associação destas com a infecção por H. pylori. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo com base em laudos de biópsias endoscópicas gástricas realizadas em laboratório privado afiliado ao Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à idade, sexo e tipo de serviço de saúde. As amostras foram avaliadas quanto à presença de H. pylori e também de inflamação crônica, metaplasia intestinal e atrofia glandular. RESULTADOS: Do total de 4.604 pacientes (idade média de 51±16,6), 63,9% eram do sexo feminino e 63,1% provenientes de serviços de saúde privado. A prevalência de infecção por H. pylori foi de 31,7% (n=1.459) e o percentual de infecção foi significativamente maior nos pacientes do serviço público de saúde (42,0%) em relação aos pacientes do serviço privado de saúde (25,6%). Entre os pacientes com H. pylori (+), foi observado maior percentual de metaplasia intestinal (17,7% vs 13,3%) e atrofia glandular (17,6% vs 6,9%) quando comparados aos H. pylori (-) (P<0,01). Dos pacientes H. pylori (+) com pelo menos um tipo de lesão precursora (n=418), 161 (38,5%) apresentaram metaplasia e inflamação crônica, 160 (38,3%) apresentaram atrofia e inflamação crônica e, finalmente, 97 (23,2%) apresentaram metaplasia, atrofia e inflamação crônica simultaneamente. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo reforça a associação da infecção por H. pylori com lesões precursoras de câncer gástrico em uma população brasileira, enfatizando a importância de medidas de prevenção de infecção, bem como o tratamento de pacientes infectados, principalmente em regiões com níveis socioeconômicos mais baixos que apresentam maior prevalência de infecção por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/microbiology , Atrophy/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gastroscopy , Metaplasia/microbiology , Middle Aged
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 917-927, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012376

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma gástrico (CG) de tipo intestinal se origina en un epitelio displásico, que a su vez se desarrolla en medio de una atrofia gástrica (AG) y metaplasia intestinal (MI). La infección por Helicobacter pylori (HP) es la causa más frecuente de AG, causando una pangastritis atrófica multifocal. Entre otras condiciones que producen inflamación crónica de la mucosa gástrica se encuentran también la gastritis autoinmune y la anemia perniciosa. El marco conceptual sobre el cual descansa gran parte de la investigación actual y nuestra comprensión de los cambios que ocurren en la mucosa gástrica se debe a la denominada "cascada de Correa"; quien planteó que la mucosa gástrica crónicamente inflamada, da paso a la AG, que va adquiriendo focos de MI y en dicho epitelio se desarrollará finalmente una displasia (DIS). Se ha acuñado el término lesiones preneoplásicas gástricas (LPG), para referirse a: AG, MI y DIS.Después de la erradicación de HP, se ha demostrado una reducción general de la incidencia de CG; efecto que no es tan claro, cuando la pangastritis por HP ha evolucionado a AG extensa. De tal modo que el efecto de la erradicación de HP medido a través de EC, ha sido poco consistente. La AG grave diagnosticada por histología representa la condición de mayor riesgo. Por otra parte, la MI puede ser de tipo intestinal (delgado-entérica ó incompleta) y la colónica (colónica ó completa) considerándose a esta última, como la variedad de peor pronóstico. El diagnóstico histológico de este tipo de lesiones determina que quien las padece, debe someterse a vigilancia endoscópica. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue resumir la evidencia existente respecto de las LPG, en términos de su caracterización morfológica y sus repercusiones diagnóstico-terapéuticas (significado patológico, graduación del riesgo, vigilancia recomendada; y factores de riesgo).


Gastric carcinoma (GC) of intestinal type, originates from a dysplastic epithelium, which in turn develops in the midst of gastric atrophy (GA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM). Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is the most frequent cause of GA, causing a multifocal atrophic pangastritis. Among other conditions that produce chronic inflammation of gastric mucosa are also autoimmune gastritis and pernicious anemia. The conceptual framework on which much of current research rests and our understanding of the changes that occur in the gastric mucosa is due to the so-called "Correa waterfall"; who stated that gastric mucosa chronically inflamed, gives way to the GA, which is acquiring foci of IM and in said epithelium a dysplasia (DIS) will eventually develop. The term precancerous conditions (PCC) of the gastric mucosa have been coined to refer to: GA, IM and DIS. After HP eradication, a general reduction in the incidence of GC has been demonstrated; effect that is not so clear, when pangastritis by HP has evolved to extensive GA. Thus, the effect of HP eradication measured through clinical trials has been inconsistent. Severe GA diagnosed represents the highest risk condition. On the other hand, IM can be enteric (grade I), enterocolic (grade II) or colonic (grade III); considering IM III as the variety with the worst prognosis. Histological diagnosis of gastric PCC, determines that the one who suffers them, must undergo endoscopic surveillance. The aim of this manuscript was to update morphological aspects and diagnostic-therapeutic scope of gastric PCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Risk Assessment , Gastritis, Atrophic/microbiology , Gastritis, Atrophic/pathology , Intestines/microbiology , Intestines/pathology , Metaplasia/microbiology , Metaplasia/pathology
7.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(4): e1480, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054596

ABSTRACT

ABSTRAT Background: The presence of intestinal metaplasia in the distal esophagus (Barrett's esophagus) is an important precursor of adenocarcinoma. Knowledge of the risk factors and the process by which the Barrett develops is very important and Helicobacter pylori (HP) can contribute to this development. Aim: To analyze the impact of HP in the gastric mucosa with intestinal metaplasia in the distal esophagus in areas of columnar epithelialization smaller than 10 mm in length and epidemiological data on prevalence Method: A retrospective study in which were included 373 consecutive patients diagnosed with columnar epithelium in the distal esophagus was done. In all, HP was investigated by urease and histology, exclusion and inclusion factors were applied and patients were divided into two groups: the first grouping the ones without histological diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus (235-63%) and the second with it (138-37%). Results: There was no significant difference between HP and non-HP patients in relation to the probability of having intestinal metaplasia (p=0.587). When related to the general group, there was an inverse association between the bacterium and the columnar epithelia in the distal esophagus. Age (p=0.031), gender (p=0.013) and HP (p=0.613) when related together to intestinal metaplasia showed no significant relation. In isolation, when related to age and gender, regardless of HP, results confirmed that patients in more advanced age and women present a higher incidence of intestinal metaplasia. Conclusion: There is an inverse relation between HP and the areas of columnar epithelization in the distal esophagus, regardless of the presence or absence of intestinal metaplasia. Age and gender, regardless of HP, showed higher prevalence in women and in older the number of cases with intestinal metaplasia in the distal esophagus.


RESUMO Racional: A presença de metaplasia intestinal no esôfago distal (esôfago de Barrett) é importante doença precursora do adenocarcinoma. O conhecimento sobre os fatores de risco e o processo pelo qual ela se desenvolve é importante e o Helicobacter pylori (HP) pode contribuir para esse desenvolvimento. Objetivo: Analisar o impacto do HP na mucosa gástrica sobre a metaplasia intestinal no esôfago distal em áreas de epitelização colunar menores que 10 mm de extensão e dados epidemiológicos de prevalência. Método: Estudo retrospectivo com inclusão de 373 pacientes consecutivos, com diagnóstico de epitélio colunar no esôfago distal. Em todos foi pesquisado o HP pela urease e histologia, aplicados os fatores de exclusão e inclusão e divididos em dois grupos: o primeiro agregando os pacientes sem diagnóstico histológico de esôfago de Barrett (235-63%) e o segundo com ele (138-37%). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa entre os portadores ou não do HP em relação à probabilidade de ter metaplasia intestinal (p=0,587). Quando relacionado ao grupo geral, houve associação inversa entre a bactéria e a epitelização colunar em esôfago distal. A idade (p=0,031), gênero (p=0,013) e HP (p=0,613) quando relacionados juntos à metaplasia intestinal não mostraram relação significativa. Isoladamente, quando relacionados idade e gênero, independente do HP, surgiram resultados confirmando que pacientes de idade mais avançada e mulheres apresentam maior incidência de metaplasia intestinal. Conclusão: Existe relação inversa entre HP e as áreas de epitelização colunar em esôfago distal, independente da presença ou não de metaplasia intestinal. Já em relação à idade e gênero, independente do HP, notou-se que em mulheres e com maior a idade há aumento no número de casos com metaplasia intestinal no esôfago distal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Barrett Esophagus/pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Epithelium/pathology , Barrett Esophagus/microbiology , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Epithelium/microbiology , Metaplasia/microbiology , Metaplasia/pathology
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(3): e201900310, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989069

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in chronic gastritis patients to predict Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, inflammatory activity, and precancerous lesions. Methods: A total of 811 patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms and histopathological diagnosis of chronic gastritis were enrolled in the study. On endoscopy, five gastric biopsies were taken according to Modified Sydney protocol, which were stained with hematoxylin & eosin and Giemsa Results: HP infection was found in 28.6% of patients, being significantly more common in specimens with acute and chronic inflammatory activity. Mucosal atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia were found in 20.2%, 18.8% and 2.7% of biopsy specimens. Mean hs-CRP was 1.9±1.6 mg/dl for males and 2.2±1.9 mg/dl for females. hs-CRP average were significantly higher in patients with severe acute inflammation (p:0.049), in patients with severe chronic inflammation (p:0.015) and in those with HP (p: 0.001) . The severity of HP infection increased significantly with the increased degree of acute inflammation, chronic inflammation and hs-CRP level (p=0.001 for both). Conclusion: Serum hs-CRP level increases in patients with chronic gastritis, it could be an indicator of severity of acute or chronic mucosal inflammation, and presence of HP infection. Therefore, hs-CRP may aid the diagnosis of chronic gastritis, but it is not associated with pre-cancerous lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Gastroscopy/methods , Gastritis/pathology , Gastritis/blood , Reference Values , Biopsy , Blood Cell Count , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Metaplasia/pathology
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 212-215, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973892

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastritis is a very common disorder that is widely distributed worldwide, representing one of the most prevalent pathological entities in Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the correlation between the endoscopic findings and the histological diagnosis of antral gastritis. METHODS: In this study, 92 reports of upper digestive endoscopy were performed between November 2014 and January 2015, including biopsy of the antral gastric mucosa, comparing the endoscopic and histological findings, which were classified according to the Sidney System. The 92 exams included 35 men and 57 women, ranging in age from 15 to 84 years. The most frequent indication was epigastric pain. RESULTS: Of the 92 examinations analyzed, the histological diagnosis of antral gastritis appeared in 75 exams, 59 endoscopic reports contained the diagnosis of antral gastritis, and 33 endoscopic findings were normal. The kappa coefficient was 0.212 (P<0.05), indicating that there was no significant agreement between the endoscopic findings and the histological diagnosis of antral gastritis. CONCLUSION: We conclude that histology represents the gold standard method for the diagnosis of antral gastritis and that in daily clinical practice, biopsies should always be performed, regardless of the endoscopic findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Gastrite é uma afecção muito comum, de larga distribuição mundial, representando uma das entidades patológicas mais prevalentes em Gastroenterologia e Endoscopia Digestiva. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar a correlação entre os achados endoscópicos e o diagnóstico histológico de gastrite antral. MÉTODOS: Nesse estudo, foram analisados 92 laudos de endoscopia digestiva alta, realizados entre novembro de 2014 e janeiro de 2015, que continham biópsia de mucosa gástrica antral, comparando-se os achados endoscópicos e histológicos, que foram classificados segundo o Sistema Sidney. Os 92 exames analisados englobaram 35 homens e 57 mulheres, com idade variando entre 15 e 84 anos. A indicação mais frequente foi epigastralgia. RESULTADOS: Dentre os 92 exames analisados, o diagnóstico histológico de gastrite antral apareceu em 75 exames, sendo que 59 laudos endoscópicos continham o diagnóstico de gastrite antral e 33 laudos endoscópicos foram normais. O coeficiente kappa foi 0,212 com P<0,05, mostrando que não há concordância significativa entre os achados endoscópicos e o diagnóstico histológico de gastrite antral. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que a histologia representa o método padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico de gastrite antral, e que na prática clínica diária, biópsias devem ser sempre realizadas, independente dos achados endoscópicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Gastroscopy/methods , Gastritis/pathology , Gastritis/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/diagnostic imaging , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Middle Aged
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(3): 263-266, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888210

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND - Gastric polyps are elevated mucosal lesions. Most of them are less than 1 cm and when larger than 2 cm, has a high malignancy probability. The histopathological types are mainly fundic gland polyps, hyperplastic polyps and adenomatous polyps. OBJECTIVE - To evaluate the agreement between three different pathologists in the histopathological diagnosis of 128 biopsied gastric polyps in Digestive Endoscopy Unit from Walter Cantídeo University Hospital, between May 2010 to May 2012. METHODS - To describe the intensity of agreement between observers, we use kappa index that is based on the number of concordant measures between them. RESULTS - There was substantial agreement in the diagnosis of adenoma (kappa=0.799, CI: 0.899-0.698) and fundic glands (kappa=0.655, CI: 0.755-0.555). Regarding to hyperplastic polyps (kappa=0.415, CI: 0.515-0.315) and inflammatory (kappa=0.401, CI: 0.501-0.301), we obtained a moderate agreement. Regarding the presence of Helicobacter pylori in biopsy of the polyp, there was a low agreement (kappa=0.219, CI: 0.319-0.119). CONCLUSION - It is clear that the agreement between pathologists depends on the histological type of the biopsied polyp and this agreement is more substantial in adenoma, or fundic gland polyps.


RESUMO CONTEXTO - Os pólipos gástricos são lesões elevadas da mucosa. A maioria são menores que 1 cm (60%-82%) e quando maiores do que 2 cm, tem alta probabilidade de malignidade. Os tipos histopatológicos são principalmente pólipos de glândulas fúndicas, pólipos hiperplásicos e pólipos adenomatosos. OBJETIVO - Avaliar a concordância entre três diferentes patologistas no diagnóstico histopatológico de 128 pólipos gástricos biopsiados na Unidade de Endoscopia Digestiva do Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídeo no período de maio de 2010 a maio de 2012. MÉTODOS - Para descrevermos a intensidade de concordância entre os avaliadores, utilizamos o índice kappa que é baseado no número de medidas concordantes entre eles. RESULTADOS - Houve uma substancial concordância no diagnóstico de adenoma (kappa=0,799, IC: 0,899-0,698) e glândulas fúndicas (kappa=0,655, IC: 0,755-0,555). Em relação aos pólipos hiperplásicos (kappa=0,415, IC: 0,515-0,315) e inflamatórios (kappa=0,401, IC: 0,501-0,301), obtivemos uma concordância moderada. Em relação à presença do Helicobacter pylori na biópsia do pólipo, houve uma baixa concordância (kappa=0,219, IC: 0,319-0,119). CONCLUSÃO - Em vista do que foi observado, torna-se claro que a concordância entre observadores depende do tipo histológico do pólipo biopsiado, sendo essa mais alcançada no diagnóstico de adenoma e pólipos de glândulas fúndicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Observer Variation , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Adenomatous Polyps/pathology , Biopsy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
11.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 33(1): 8-13, jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection has been related to the presence of CagA protein. This protein is highly polymorphic and its oncogenic ability depends on the number and type of tyrosine phosphorylation sites in the EPIYAs repeat sequences (A, B, C and D). AIM: To determine the EPIYA patterns of the CagA gene in H. pylori strains and its relationship with gastrointestinal pathology in infected patients of the Regional Hospital of Talca. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The strains were isolated from gastric biopsies and characterized by bacteriological and molecular methods. Gastrointestinal pathology was characterized by histopathological analysis. For the determination of the presence of the cagA gene and the EPIYAs standards, the conventional PCR technique was used. RESULTS: 138 DNA samples from H. pylori strains were analyzed. 92.0% (127/138) of the isolates carried the cagA gene, of which 66 (52.0%) corresponded to the EPIYA-ABC pattern, 43 (33.8%) to the EPIYA-ABCC pattern and 21 16.5%) to the EPIYA-ABCCC phosphorylation pattern. 50.4% (64/127) of cagA positive strains isolated from dyspeptic patients in the Maule region have more than two C sites of phosphorylation. The number of EPIYAs C motifs was associated with the presence of more severe histopathological damage in the gastric mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Amino Acid Motifs , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Biopsy , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , Chile/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Ethics Committees , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Antigens, Bacterial/genetics
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 218-224, April.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839380

ABSTRACT

Abstract The severity of Helicobacter pylori-related disease is correlated with the presence and integrity of a cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI). cagPAI genotype may have a modifying effect on the pathogenic potential of the infecting strain. After analyzing the sequences of cagPAI genes, some strains with the East Asian-type cagPAI genes were selected for further analysis to examine the association between the diversity of the cagPAI genes and the virulence of H. pylori. The results showed that gastric mucosal inflammatory cell infiltration was significantly higher in patients with East Asian-type cagPAI genes H. pylori strain compared with mosaicism cagPAI genes H. pylori strain (p < 0.05). H. pylori strains with the East Asian-type cagPAI genes were closely associated with IL-8 secretion in vitro and in vivo compared with H. pylori strains with the mosaicism cagPAI genes (p < 0.01). H. pylori strains with East Asian-type cagPAI genes are able to strongly translocate CagA to host cells. These results suggest that H. pylori strains with East Asian-type cagPAI genes are more virulent than the strains of cagPAI gene/genes that are Western type.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori/classification , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Genomic Islands , Genotype , Phylogeny , Virulence , Cluster Analysis , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Virulence Factors/genetics , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Histocytochemistry , Microscopy
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(1): 75-78, Jan.-Mar. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838827

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Morbid obesity is a multifactorial disease that is increasingly treated by surgery. OBJECTIVE To evaluate gastric histopathological changes in obese, and to compare with patients who underwent gastrojejunal bypass and the jejunal mucosa after the surgery. METHODS This is an observational study performed at a tertiary public hospital, evaluating endoscopic biopsies from 36 preoperative patients and 35 postoperative. RESULTS In the preoperative group, 80.6% had chronic gastritis, which was active in 38.9% (77.1% and 20.1%, respectively, in the postoperative). The postoperative group had a significant reduction in Helicobacter pylori infection (P=0.0001). A longer length of the gastric stump and a time since surgery of more than two years were associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. The jejunal mucosa was normal in 91.4% and showed slight nonspecific chronic inflammation in 8.6%. CONCLUSION There was a reduction in the incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection in the postoperative group. A longer length of the gastric stump and longer time elapsed since surgery were associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. The jejunal mucosa was considered normal in an absolute majority of patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO A obesidade mórbida é doença multifatorial cujo tratamento cirúrgico é cada vez mais indicado. OBJETIVO Avaliar alterações histopatológicas gástricas em obesos e comparar com os submetidos à bypass gastrojejunal e a mucosa jejunal após a operação. MÉTODOS Estudo observacional realizado em hospital público terciário avaliando biópsias endoscópicas de 36 pacientes no pré-operatório e 35 no pós-operatório. RESULTADOS: No pré-operatório 80,6% apresentaram gastrite crônica, 38,9% em atividade (77,1% e 20,1%, respectivamente, no pós-operatório). O grupo pós-operatório apresentou diminuição significativa na infecção por Helicobacter pylory (P=0,0001). Maior comprimento do coto gástrico e tempo de operação superior a dois anos associaram-se a infecção por Helicobacter pylori. A mucosa jejunal foi normal em 91,4% e apresentava leve inflamação crônica inespecífica em 8,6%. CONCLUSÃO Houve diminuição da infecção por Helicobacter pylori após a operação. Maior comprimento do coto gástrico e do tempo de operação associaram-se à infecção por Helicobacter pylori. A mucosa jejunal foi considerada normal na maioria absoluta dos pacientes do grupo pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Bariatric Surgery , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Time Factors , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter Infections/etiology , Gastric Stump , Middle Aged
14.
Clinics ; 72(3): 150-153, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common esophageal diseases in the developing world, but the relationship between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and Helicobacter pylori infection remains a neglected topic. The primary objective of this study was to determine the association between Helicobacter pylori infection and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. A second purpose was to determine the incidence and factors associated with Helicobacter pylori infection following esophagectomy. METHOD: The microorganism was identified by testing the gastric biopsy materials from 95 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients (66 females; 39 were esophagectomized) for urease activity in a medium containing urea and a power of hydrogen detection reagent and comparing the results with those from a healthy population. Differences in patient characteristics were assessed with chi-square tests and t-tests for categorical and continuous factors, respectively. RESULTS: The patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma had a significantly lower prevalence of Helicobacter pylori compared with the healthy population (p<0.001). The naive and esophagectomized patients, in contrast, showed no significant differences in Helicobacter pylori infection (p>0.005). Patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma showed a significant association between leukocytosis and hypoglobulinemia and the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection (p=0.023 and p=0.045, respectively). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Helicobacter pylori is not an etiological factor in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. We found a statistically significant negative correlation between esophageal squamous cell cancer and Helicobacter pylori infection. These findings may guide new strategies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/microbiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(3): 135-137, July-Sept. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796942

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The Helicobacter pylori infection (HP) is related to the development of gastric lesions and lymphoma; however, it is not known if there is a relation with gastroesophageal reflux disease and reflux esophagitis. Aim: To evaluate HP's relationship with esophagitis in patients undergoing upper endoscopy. Methods: Observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study, being evaluated 9576 patients undergoing outpatient endoscopic examination during the period between January and December 2015. Were included patients with any esophageal alteration at the examination; greater than 18; of both genders; independent of the complaint or the reason for the examination, illness or drug use. Were excluded those with active bleeding during the examination and in use of anticoagulants. The variables gender, age, esophagitis and result of the urease test, were studied. For statistical analysis was used the Epi Info software 7.1.5.2. Results: Most of the samples consisted of women and the overall average age was 46.54±16.32 years. The presence of infection was balanced for gender: 1204 (12.56%) women and 952 (13.92%) men. Relating degree of esophagitis HP- and HP+ was observed that the type A was the most common (58.79%, n=1460); 604 (24.32%) had grade B; 334 (13.45%) grade C, and 85 (3.42%) grade D. In the relation between the grade of esophagitis with gender, esophagitis A was predominant in women and present in 929 (63.33%), followed by type B, 282 (46.68%), 136 C (40.71%) and D 30 (35.29%). In men 531 (36.36%) showed type A, 322 (53.31%) B, 198 (59.28%) C, and 55 (64.70%) D. Among the groups 40-50 and over 60 years there was a significant difference in whether have or not have HP+. Conclusion: There is no significant difference between HP infection and the different grades of esophagitis.


RESUMO Racional: A infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori (HP) é relacionada com o desenvolvimento de lesões e linfoma gástricos; porém, ainda não se sabe ao certo se há relação dele com a doença do refluxo gastroesofágico e esofagite de refluxo. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação do HP com as esofagites em pacientes submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta. Métodos: Estudo observacional, retrospectivo e transversal, sendo avaliados 9576 pacientes submetidos ao exame endoscópico ambulatorial durante o período compreendido entre janeiro e dezembro de 2015. Foram incluídos pacientes que apresentaram alguma alteração esofágica ao exame; maiores que 18 anos; de ambos os gêneros; independente da queixa ou da razão para a realização do exame, doença ou uso de medicamentos. Excluíram-se os com sangramento ativo durante o exame e em uso de anticoagulantes. Foram avaliadas as variáveis gênero, idade, esofagite e resultado do teste da urease. Para a análise estatística utilizou-se o software Epi Info 7.1.5.2. Resultados: A maioria das amostras foi composta por mulheres e a idade média geral foi de 46,54±16,32 anos. A presença da infecção foi equilibrada para a variável gênero: 1204 (12,56%) mulheres e 952 (13,92%) homens. Relacionando os graus da esofagite com HP+ e HP- observou-se que o tipo A foi o mais comum (58,79% da amostra, n=1460), que 604 (24,32%) possuíam o grau B; 334 (13,45%) o grau C e 85 (3,42%) o grau D. Já na relação entre os graus de esofagite com o gênero, a esofagite A foi predominante nas mulheres e presente em 929 (63,33%), seguido pelo tipo B, com 282 (46,68%), C com 136 (40,71%) e D com 30 (35,29%) mulheres. Nos homens 531 (36,36%) apresentam o tipo A, 322 (53,31%) o B, 198 (59,28%) o C e 55 (64,70%) o D. Entre os grupos de 40 a 50 anos e acima de 60 anos houve diferença significativa em ter ou não HP+. Conclusão: Não há diferença significativa entre infecção por HP nos diferentes graus de esofagite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Esophagitis/microbiology , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Esophagoscopy , Esophagitis/pathology
16.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(2): 108-112, April.-June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783806

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background - Helicobacter pylori infection is the gram negative bacillus with the close association with chronic antral gastritis. Objective - In this study, we evaluate the accuracy of urea breath test (UBT) with carbon isotope 13 in comparison with histopathology of gastric antrum for detection of H. pylori infection in children with dyspepsia. Methods - This cross-sectional study was performed at specialized laboratory of Shiraz Gastroenterohepatology Research Center and Nemazee Hospital, Iran, during a 12-months period. This study investigated the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of UBT in comparison with biopsy-based tests. We included a consecutive selection of 60 children who fulfilled Rome III criteria for dyspepsia. All children were referred for performing UBT with carbon isotope 13 (C13) as well as endoscopy. Biopsies were taken from antrum of stomach and duodenum. The pathologic diagnosis was considered as the standard test. Results - The mean age of the participants was 10.1±2.6 (range 7-17 years). From our total 60 patients, 28 (46.7%) had positive UBT results and 32 (53.3%) had negative UBT results. Pathologic report of 16 (57.1%) out of 28 patients who had positive UBT were positive for H. pylori and 12 (42.9%) ones were negative. Sensitivity and specificity of C13-UBT for detection of H. pylori infection were 76.2% and 69.2% respectively. Conclusion - Sensitivity and specificity of C13-UBT for detection of H. pylori infection were 76.2% and 69.2% respectively. Another multicenter study from our country is recommended.


RESUMO Contexto - A infecção por Helicobacter pylori, bacilo gram negativo, tem estreita associação com gastrite antral crônica. Objetivo - Neste estudo, avaliou-se a precisão do teste respiratório da urease (UBT) com isótopos de carbono 13 em comparação com a histopatologia do antro gástrico para detecção da infecção por H. pylori em crianças com dispepsia. Métodos - Estudo transversal realizado no laboratório especializado no Centro de Pesquisa Gastroenterológica de Shiraz e do Hospital de Nemazee, Iran, durante um período de 12 meses. Este estudo investigou a sensibilidade, a especificidade e valores preditivos positivos e negativos da UBT em comparação com testes baseados em biópsia. Incluímos uma seleção consecutiva de 60 crianças que preencheram os critérios de Roma III para dispepsia. Todas as crianças foram encaminhadas para a realização de UBT com isótopos de carbono 13 (C13) assim como endoscopia. Biópsias foram tiradas do antro do estômago e duodeno. O diagnóstico patológico era considerado o teste padrão. Resultados - A idade média dos participantes foi 10.1±2.6 (intervalo de 7 a 17 anos). Do nosso total de 60 pacientes, 28 (46,7%) tiveram resultados positivos UBT e 32 (53,3%) tiveram resultados negativos de UBT. Dezesseis (57,1%) de 28 pacientes que tiveram UBT positiva foram H. pylori positivo e 12 (42,9%) foram negativos. A sensibilidade e especificidade do C13-UBT para detecção da infecção por H. pylori foi de 76,2% e 69,2%, respectivamente. Conclusão - A sensibilidade e especificidade do C13-UBT para detecção da infecção por H. pylori foi de 76,2% e 69,2%, respectivamente. Recomenda-se outro estudo multicêntrico de nosso país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Urea/analysis , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Biopsy , Breath Tests , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Endoscopy
17.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(1): 55-60, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777117

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Morbid obesity treatment through vertical gastroplasty Roux-en-Y gastric bypass initially used a contention ring. However, this technique may create conditions to the development of potentially malign alterations in the gastric mucosa. Although effective and previously performed in large scale, this technique needs to be better evaluated in long-term studies regarding alterations caused in the gastric mucosa. Objective To analyze the preoperative and postoperative endoscopic, histological and cell proliferation findings in the gastric antrum and body mucosa of patients submitted to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a contention ring. Methods We retrospectively evaluated all patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a contention ring with more than 60 months of postoperative follow-up. We compared the preoperative (gastric antrum and body) and postoperative (gastric pouch) gastric mucosa endoscopic findings, cell proliferation index and H. pylori prevalence. We evaluated cell proliferation through Ki-67 antibody immunohistochemical expression. Results In the study period, 33 patients were operated with the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass using a contention ring. We found a chronic gastritis rate of 69.7% in the preoperative period (gastric antrum and body) and 84.8% in the postoperative (gastric pouch). H. pylori was present in 18.2% of patients in the preoperative period (gastric antrum and body) and in 57.5% in the postoperative (gastric pouch). Preoperative cell proliferation index was 18.1% in the gastric antrum and 16.2% in the gastric body, and 23.8% in the postoperative gastric pouch. The postoperative cell proliferation index in the gastric pouch was significantly higher (P=0.001) than in the preoperative gastric antrum and body. Higher cell proliferation index and chronic gastritis intensity were significantly associated to H. pylori presence (P=0.001 and P=0.02, respectively). Conclusion After Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with contention ring, there was a higher chronic gastritis incidence and higher cell proliferation index in the gastric pouch than in the preoperative gastric antrum and body. Mucosa inflammation intensity and cell proliferation index in the postoperative gastric pouch were associated to H. pylori presence and were higher than those found in the preoperative gastric antrum and body mucosa.


RESUMO Contexto O tratamento da obesidade mórbida através da gastroplastia vertical com derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux inicialmente utilizou o anel de contenção. No entanto, essa técnica pode criar condições para o desenvolvimento de alterações potencialmente malignas na mucosa gástrica. Apesar de eficaz e realizada anteriormente em grande escala, essa técnica precisa ser melhor avaliada em estudos de longo prazo em relação às alterações causadas na mucosa gástrica. Objetivo Analisar os achados endoscópicos, histológicos e da proliferação celular na mucosa do antro e corpo gástricos no pré-operatório e no pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos à derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux com anel de contenção. Métodos Avaliamos retrospectivamente todos os pacientes submetidos à derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux com anel de contenção e mais de 60 meses de seguimento pós-operatório. Comparamos os achados endoscópicos da mucosa gástrica, o índice de proliferação celular e a prevalência do H. pylori no pré-operatório (antro e corpo gástricos) e no pós-operatório (bolsa gástrica). Avaliamos a proliferação celular pela expressão imuno-histoquímica do anticorpo Ki67. Resultados No período do estudo, 33 pacientes foram operados com a derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux usando anel de contenção. Encontramos a taxa de gastrite crônica de 69,7% no período pré-operatório (antro e corpo gástrico) e 84,8% no pós-operatório (bolsa gástrica). O H. pyloriestava presente em 18,2% dos pacientes no período pré-operatório (antro e corpo gástrico) e em 57,5% no pós-operatório (bolsa gástrica). O índice de proliferação celular pré-operatório foi de 18,1% no antro gástrico e 16,2% no corpo gástrico, e de 23,8% na bolsa gástrica no pós-operatório. O índice de proliferação celular pós-operatório na bolsa gástrica foi significantemente maior (P=0,001) do que no antro e corpo gástrico no pré-operatório. O maior índice de proliferação celular e a intensidade da gastrite crônica na bolsa gástrica associaram-se significantemente à presença do H. pylori(P=0,001 e P=0,02, respectivamente). Conclusão Após a derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux com anel de contenção, houve maior incidência de gastrite crônica e maior índice de proliferação celular na bolsa gástrica do que no antro e corpo gástricos no pré-operatório. A intensidade da inflamação da mucosa e o índice de proliferação celular encontrados na bolsa gástrica no pós-operatório associaram-se à presença doH. pylori e foram maiores do que os encontrados na mucosa gástrica do antro e corpo gástricos no pré-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/methods , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology , Severity of Illness Index , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Immunohistochemistry , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Helicobacter Infections/etiology , Cell Proliferation , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/pathology , Middle Aged
18.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 27(4): 207-214, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-907638

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Gastric cancer (GC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Chile. The development ofgastric adenocarcinoma its preceded by a histopathologic cascade composed of gastric atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and gastric dysplasia. Sydney protocol has been proposed as the standard method for diagnosingthese conditions. The aim of this research study was to establish whether Sydney protocol increase thedetection of premalignant gastric lesions, as gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia, compared to non protocolizedendoscopies/biopsies. Methods: Upper gastroduodenal endoscopies (GDE) from Hospital Clí-nico Universidad Católica de Chile between April-May 2015 and April-May 2016 was analyzed. Patientswith histological study with 18 years-old or older were included. Patients with history of GC or malignantlesions at GDE where excluded. Detection of gastric atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and suggestive findingsof autoimmune gastritis where compared between Sydney protocol and non-protocolized endoscopies/biopsies...


Introducción: El cáncer gástrico (CG) es la principal causa de muertes por cáncer en Chile. El desarrollo del adenocarcinoma gástrico es precedido por una cascada histopatológica (gastritis; atrofia gástrica/AG; metaplasia intestinal/MI). Se ha propuesto la biopsia del cuerpo, ángulo y antro a través del protocolo de Sydney para la búsqueda de estas condiciones. Objetivo: Determinar la diferencia en la detección delesiones premalignas gástricas a través del protocolo de Sydney comparado con el estudio endoscópico habitual. Métodos: Se analizaron las endoscopias digestivas altas (EDA) realizadas en el Centro de Endoscopia Digestiva del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad Católica en los períodos entre abril y mayo del 2015 y 2016. Se incluyeron las EDA de pacientes mayores de 18 años con estudio histológico. Fueron excluidos los pacientes con antecedente personal de CG o lesiones de aspecto maligno macroscópicas. Se comparó la detección de AG, MI y gastritis autoinmune (GA) en el estudio histológico entre los pacientes con protocolo Sydney y el estudio endoscópico no protocolizado...


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy/methods , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Atrophy/pathology , Chile , Clinical Protocols , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Metaplasia/pathology , Retrospective Studies
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(2): 139-142, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748163

ABSTRACT

Background Some previously published studies have suggested an inverse relationship between celiac disease and Helicobacter pylori, raising the possibility of the protective role Helicobacter pylori could have against celiac disease development. Nevertheless, this association is inconclusive. Objectives To determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in celiac subjects. Methods Between January 2013 and June 2014, patients over 18 years old undergoing upper endoscopy who required both gastric and duodenal biopsies were included for analysis. Enrolled subjects were divided in two groups: those with a diagnosis of celiac disease and those without a celiac disease diagnosis. Helicobacter pylori infection prevalence was compared between groups. Among celiac patients, endoscopic markers of villous atrophy as well as histological damage severity were compared between those with and without Helicobacter pylori infection. Results Overall, 312 patients were enrolled. Seventy two of them had a diagnosis of celiac disease. Helicobacter pylori infection prevalence among celiac disease patients was 12.5%, compared to 30% in non-celiac patients [OR=0.33 (0.15-0.71)]. There was not a significant difference in terms of the severity of villous atrophy in patients with Helicobacter pylori infection compared to those without it. There was a slight increase in the prevalence of endoscopic markers in those Helicobacter pylori-negative celiac subjects. Conclusion Helicobacter pylori infection seems to be less frequent in celiac patients; among those celiac subjects with concomitant Helicobacter pylori infection, histological damage degree and presence of endoscopic markers suggesting villous atrophy seem to be similar to those without Helicobacter pylori infection. .


Contexto Alguns estudos publicados anteriormente sugerem uma relação inversa entre a doença celíaca e Helicobacter pylori, levantando a possibilidade do papel protetor que o Helicobacter pylori poderia ter contra o desenvolvimento de doença celíaca. No entanto, esta associação é inconclusiva. Objetivos Determinar a prevalência da infecção por Helicobacter pylori em indivíduos celíacos. Métodos Entre janeiro de 2013 e de 2014 junho, foram incluídos para análise pacientes com mais de 18 anos de idade submetidos a endoscopia para necessárias biópsias gástricas e duodenais. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: aqueles com diagnóstico de doença celíaca e aqueles sem um diagnóstico de doença celíaca. A prevalência da infecção por Helicobacter pylori foi comparada entre os grupos. Entre os pacientes celíacos, os marcadores endoscópicos de atrofia das vilosidades, bem como a gravidade do dano histológico foram comparados entre aqueles com e sem infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori. Resultados De um total de 312 pacientes, 72 deles tiveram diagnóstico da doença celíaca. A prevalência de infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori entre pacientes com doença celíaca foi de 12,5%, em comparação com 30% em pacientes não-celíacos [OR=0,33 (0,15-0,71)]. Não houve diferença significativa em termos da gravidade da atrofia das vilosidades em pacientes com infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori em comparação com aqueles sem ele. Houve um ligeiro aumento na prevalência de marcadores endoscópicos nos indivíduos celíacos com Helicobacter pylori-negativo. Conclusão A infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori parece ser menos frequente em pacientes celíacos; entre esses indivíduos celíacos com concomitante infecção por Helicobacter pylori, o grau de dano histológico e a presença de marcadores endoscópicos sugerindo atrofia vilosa, parecem ser semelhantes com os sem infecção. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Celiac Disease/complications , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Biopsy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Celiac Disease/pathology , Gastroscopy , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(1): 59-64, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-746479

ABSTRACT

Background Proton-pump inhibitors have been used for at least two decades. They are among the most commonly sold drugs in the world. However, some controversy remains about the indications for their use and the consequences of their prolonged use. Objectives To evaluate and compare the endoscopic and histopathologic gastric changes in chronic users of proton-pump inhibitors to changes in non-users. Methods A prospective study performed at a tertiary Public Hospital involving 105 patients undergoing upper-gastrointestinal endoscopy. Subjects included 81 proton-pump inhibitor users and 24 non-users (control group). Biopsies of the antral-type mucosa, the antral-fundic transition, and the fundus were evaluated by the Sydney System. The presence of erosion or ulceration, lymphatic follicles, reactive gastropathy, and polypoid or epithelial hyperplasia was also determined. Serum levels of gastrin were measured. Results We found two polyps, one in each group, both of which were negative for Helicobacter pylori. There were two cases of parietal cell hyperplasia in users of proton-pump inhibitors. Gastrin was elevated in 28 users of proton-pump inhibitors and in four members of the control group. We did not find statistically significant differences in the endoscopic or histopathologic findings between the two groups. Conclusions Chronic use of proton-pump inhibitors for the duration examined was not associated with significant gastric changes. An interesting finding was that the 4 chronic users of proton-pump inhibitors who had serum gastrin levels above 500 pg/mL also had positive serology for Chagas disease. .


Contexto Os inibidores da bomba de prótons são usados há pelo menos duas décadas e estão entre as drogas mais vendidas no mundo. Ainda existem controvérsias sobre as indicações e as consequências de seu uso a longo prazo. Objetivos Avaliar as alterações endoscópicas e histopatológicas gástricas em usuários crônicos de inibidores da bomba de prótons e comparar com controles. Métodos Estudo prospectivo reali­zado em Hospital Público terciário com 105 pacientes, 81 usuários de bomba de prótons e 24 controles, submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta. As biópsias das mucosas do tipo antral, da transição antro fúndica e fúndica foram avaliadas segundo a Classificação de Sidney e verificando também erosão ou úlcera, folículo linfático, gastropatia reativa, hiperplasia epitelial e pólipo. Realizada também a dosagem sérica da gastrina. Resultados Encontramos dois pólipos, um em cada grupo, ambos negativos para Helicobacter pylori e dois casos de hiperplasia de células parietais nos usuários de inibidores da bomba de prótons. A gastrina estava aumentada em 28 usuários de inibidor da bomba de protóns e em 4 do grupo controle. Não encontramos diferenças estatisticamente significantes nos achados endoscópicos e histopatológicos dos dois grupos. Conclusões O uso crônico de inibidores da bomba de prótons no período examinado não se associou com alterações gástricas significantes. O achado mais importante foi a positividade das sorologias para doença de Chagas nos quatro pacientes do grupo de usuários crônicos de inibidores que apresentavam níveis de gastrina sérica superiores a 500 pg/ mL .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Stomach Diseases/drug therapy , Stomach Diseases/pathology , Biopsy , Chagas Disease/blood , Gastroscopy , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Prospective Studies , Stomach Diseases/microbiology
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