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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(3): 315-323, may. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343489

ABSTRACT

To investigate effectsof Yangyinyiqi Mixture on pulmonary fibrosis caused by bleomycin. SD ratswere divided randomly into: model group(distilled water,1 mL·0.1 kg-1), dexamethasone acetate group (dexamethasone acetate, the dosage was reduced gradually), low-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 11 g·kg-1), moderate-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 22 g·kg-1), high-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 44 g·kg-1) and control group (distilled water, 1 mL·0.1 kg-1). Yangyinyiqi Mixture and dexamethasone acetate were intragastrically administrated. Lung tissue was collected for histopathological examination. Compared with control group, collagen markedly increased and HYP content significantly increased on 7th day in model group (p<0.01). On 28th day, collagen was diffusely deposited, alveolar was destroyed, and HYP content significantly increased (p<0.01). Compared with model group, bleomycin-induced suffering injury caused MMP-9 expression levels to rapidly increase (7and 14 days, p<0.01). TIMP-1 markedly increased (7and 14 days, p<0.01) and stayed at a high level to28th day. Yangyinyiqi Mixture exerted an effect against pulmonary fibrosis, which could involved prevention of collagen deposition through inhibitingMMP-9 and TIMP-1 expression.


El trabajo investiga los efectos de la mezcla Yangyinyiqi sobre la fibrosis pulmonary causada por bleomicina. Ratas SD se dividieron aleatoriamente en: grupo modelo (agua destilada, 1 mL·0.1 kg-1), grupo acetate de dexametasona (acetate de dexametasona, la dosis se redujo gradualmente), grupo de dosis baja (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 11 g·kg-1), grupo de dosis moderada (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 22 g·kg-1), grupo de dosis alta (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 44 g·kg-1) y grupo control (agua destilada, 1 Ml·0.1 kg-1). La mezcla de Yangyinyiqi y el acetate de dexametasona se administraron por vía intragástrica. Se recolectó tejido pulmonary para examen histopatológico. En comparación con el grupo control, el colágeno aumentó notablemente y el contenido de HYP aumentó significativamente el séptimo día en el grupo modelo (p<0.01). El día 28, el colágeno se depositó difusamente, se produjo destrucción alveolar y el contenido de HYP aumento significativamente (p<0.01). En comparación con el grupo modelo, la lesión inducida por bleomicina causó que los niveles de expression de MMP-9 aumentaron rápidamente (7 y 14 días, p<0.01). TIMP-1 aumentó notablemente (7 y 14 días, p<0.01) y se mantuvo en un nivel alto hasta el día 28. La mezcla Yangyinyiqi ejerció un efecto contra la fibrosis pulmonary, lo que podría implicar la prevención del deposito de colágenio mediante la inhibición de la expression de MMP-9 y TIMP-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Bleomycin , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Disease Models, Animal , Hydroxyproline/analysis
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 646-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878589

ABSTRACT

The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) were used to investigate the changes of collagen and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in liver, lung and kidney during growth process of mice. The mice from 0 to 18 weeks were used as the research objects. The contents and proportions of hydroxyproline (Hyp), which were used to calculate the collagen contents, in liver, lung and kidney of different weeks were analyzed with HPLC. The contents and activity of MMP-1 in liver, lung and kidney of different weeks were analyzed with ELISA. The results showed that the collagen contents in liver, lung, and kidney were different (Lung(COL)>Kidney(COL)>Liver(COL)), and they all increased first and then decreased with weeks. The collagen contents in liver, lung, and kidney reached the highest level in the ninth (5.52 ng/mg), sixth (54.10 ng/mg) and ninth (19.20 ng/mg) week, respectively. Then it declined slowly from 9 to 18 weeks. The result of ELISA showed that the MMP-1 contents in liver, lung and kidney decreased first and then increased with weeks, and the trend of MMP-1 activity was opposite. It indicated that the increase of collagen contents in the tissues will inhibit the secretion of MMP-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Mice
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10366, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142575

ABSTRACT

Recent publications have investigated the potential role of the protein level of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in the susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). However, no unanimous conclusion was obtained. Therefore, we carried out a meta-analysis to explore the association between MMP-1 expression and these two clinical disorders. After database searching and screening, we enrolled a total of eighteen articles for the pooled analysis. We observed a significant association between RA cases and controls in the whole population [SMD (standard mean difference)=1.01, P=0.017]. There were similar positive results in the subgroup analysis of "population-based control" (SMD=1.50, P=0.032) and "synovial fluid" (SMD=1.32, P=0.049). In addition, we observed an increased risk in OA cases, compared with controls, in the overall analysis (SMD=0.47, P=0.004) and subsequent subgroup analysis of "knee OA" (SMD=0.86, P<0.001), "Asian/China" (SMD=0.76, P=0.003), "cartilage-Asian/China" (SMD=1.21, P<0.001), and "synovial fluid-Asian/China" (SMD=0.73, P=0.004). In summary, a high protein level of MMP-1 in synovial fluid may be associated with the susceptibility to RA, and the high MMP-1 level in the cartilage tissue or synovial fluid may be related to the pathogenesis of knee OA in the Chinese population. This should be confirmed by larger sample sizes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Synovial Fluid
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 152-156, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132290

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anterior disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) is considered one of the most common disorders within the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), with a prevalence of 41% in adults. Matrix metalloproteinases play an important role in the degradation of the TMJ and the matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) 1607 1G/2G polymorphism increases the local expression of MMP1 thus leading to accelerated degradation of the extracellular matrix. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the 1607 1G/2G polymorphism of MMP1 gene and DDWR in a group of Mexican individuals from western Mexico. A total of 67 unrelated individuals, between the ages of 18 and 36 years, of both genders, were included in this study. Study participants with DDWR were required to meet the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), while a second control group of 90 individuals without DDWR were also included. Both groups were required to have paternal and maternal ancestry (grandparents) of the same geographic and ethnic region. Genotypes were determined using the nested PCR technique. The 1G/2G polymorphism was found in 68.7%, followed by 2G/2G in 25.4% and 1G/1G in 6.0% of the cases group. While the prevalence in the control group was 55.5% for the 1G/2G polymorphism, 26.6% for 1G/1G and 17.7% for 2G/2G. An association was found between the 2G allele of the 1607 1G/2G polymorphism of MMP1 gene and the presence of DDWR in the patients of western Mexico.


Resumo O deslocamento anterior do disco com redução (DADR) é considerado um dos distúrbios mais comuns na articulação temporomandibular (ATM), com prevalência de 41% em adultos. As metaloproteinases da matriz desempenham um papel importante na degradação da ATM e o polimorfismo 1607 1G/2G da metaloproteinase da matriz 1 (MMP1) aumenta a expressão local da MMP1, levando à degradação acelerada da matriz extracelular. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre o polimorfismo 1607 1G/2G do gene MMP1 e a DADR em um grupo de indivíduos mexicanos do oeste do México. Um total de 67 indivíduos não relacionados, com idades entre 18 e 36 anos, de ambos os sexos, foram incluídos neste estudo. Os participantes do estudo com DADR foram obrigados a cumprir os Critérios de Diagnóstico de Pesquisa para Disfunções Temporomandibulares (CDP/DTM), enquanto um segundo grupo controle de 90 indivíduos sem DADR também foi incluído. Ambos os grupos tinham ascendência paterna e materna (avós) da mesma região geográfica e étnica. Os genótipos foram determinados pela técnica de nested PCR. o polimorfismo 1G/2G foi encontrado em 68,7%, seguido por 2G/2G em 25,4% e 1G/1G em 6,0% do grupo de casos. Enquanto a prevalência no grupo controle foi de 55,5% para o polimorfismo 1G/2G, 26,6% para 1G/1G e 17,7% para 2G/2G. Foi encontrada uma associação entre o alelo 2G do polimorfismo 1607 1G/2G do gene MMP1 e a presença de DADR nos pacientes do oeste do México.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Temporomandibular Joint , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e001, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989482

ABSTRACT

Abstract Colchicine is widely used in the treatment of several inflammatory diseases due to its anti-inflammatory effect, but effects on bone metabolism are unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of systemically-administered colchicine on healthy periodontium and experimentally-induced periodontitis. In total, 42 male Wistar rats were included in this study. A non-ligated group constituting the negative control group (Control, C, n = 6) and a ligature-only group forming the positive control group (LO, n = 12) were created separately. Twelve rats were treated with 0.4 mg/kg colchicine and another 12 with 1 mg/kg colchicine. In the colchicine-administered groups, right mandibles constituted the ligated groups (1 mgC-L or 0.4 mgC-L) and left mandibles formed the corresponding non-ligated controls (1mgC or 0.4mgC). Silk ligatures were placed at the gingival margin of the lower first molars. The animals were euthanized at different time-points of healing (11 or 30 days). Alveolar bone loss was clinically measured and TRAP+ osteoclasts, osteoblastic activity, and MMP-1 expression were examined histologically. There was no increase in alveolar bone loss with either colchicine dose in healthy periodontium (p > 0.05) and the highest level of alveolar bone loss, TRAP+ osteoclast number, and MMP-1 expression were measured in the LO group (p < 0.05). The 0.4 mgC-L group showed less alveolar bone loss at 11 days (p < 0.05), but greater loss at 30 days. The 1 mgC-L group showed higher osteoblast number than the other ligated groups (p < 0.05) at both time-points. In summary, colchicine did not increase alveolar bone loss in healthy periodontium and also may tend to reduce periodontitis progression. However, further extensive study is necessary to understand the mechanism of colchicine action on alveolar bone loss in periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Colchicine/pharmacology , Alveolar Bone Loss/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/analysis , Tubulin Modulators/pharmacology , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase/analysis , Ligation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 854-863, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762121

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Relaxin (RLX) is a transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) antagonist that is believed to function as a potent collagen re-arranger and a major suppressor of extracellular matrix components. Adenoviruses (Ads) are accepted vectors for cancer gene therapy. However, repeated treatments of Ad are limited by short-term biological activity in vivo. The efficacy of sustained RLX expression to scar remodeling was assessed using an injectable alginate gel-matrix system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pig scar tissue was treated with relaxin-expressing Ad loaded in alginate gel (gel/Ad-RLX). Surface areas, color, and pliability of scars were compared, and various factors influencing scar formation and collagen arrangement were analyzed. RESULTS: Gel/Ad-RLX decreased scar size, color index, and pliability. Immunohistochemistry showed decreased levels of major extracellular matrix proteins in the gel/Ad-RLX-treated group. Furthermore, treatment with gel/Ad-RLX reduced expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and alpha-smooth muscle actin and markedly increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 in pig scar tissues. Gel/Ad-RLX also significantly downregulated TGF-β1 and upregulated TGF-β3 mRNAs in pig scar tissues. CONCLUSION: These results support a prominent role for RLX in scar remodeling and suggest that gel/Ad-RLX may have therapeutic effects on scar formation.


Subject(s)
Actins , Adenoviridae , Cicatrix , Collagen , Extracellular Matrix , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Genes, Neoplasm , Genetic Therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Pliability , Relaxin , RNA, Messenger , Therapeutic Uses , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764303

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in various cellular diseases. Excessive ROS can cause intracellular oxidative stress, resulting in a calcium imbalance and even aging. In this study, we evaluated the protective effect of esculetin on oxidative stress-induced aging in human HaCaT keratinocytes. METHODS: Human keratinocytes were pretreated with esculetin for 30 minutes and treated with H₂O₂. Then, the protective effects on oxidative stress-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 were detected by Flou-4-AM staining, reverse transcription-PCR, Western blotting, and quantitative fluorescence assay. RESULTS: Esculetin prevented H₂O₂-induced aging by inhibiting MMP-1 mRNA, protein, and activity levels. In addition, esculetin decreased abnormal levels of phospho-MEK1, phospho-ERK1/2, phospho-SEK1, phospho-JNK1/2, c-Fos, and phospho-c-Jun and inhibited activator protein 1 binding activity. CONCLUSIONS: Esculetin prevented excessive levels of intracellular calcium and reduced the expression levels of aging-related proteins.


Subject(s)
Aging , Blotting, Western , Calcium , Fluorescence , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Hydrogen , Keratinocytes , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , RNA, Messenger , Skin , Transcription Factor AP-1
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713310

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is prevalent in both economically developed and developing countries. Twenty percent of NASH progresses to cirrhosis with/without hepatocellular carcinoma, and there is an urgent need to find biomarkers for early diagnosis and monitoring progression of the disease. Using immunohistochemical and immunoelectron microscopic examination we previously reported that expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) increased in monocytes, Kupffer cells and hepatic stellate cells in early stage NASH. The present study investigated whether serum MMP-1 levels reflect disease activity and pharmaceutical effects in NASH patients. METHODS: We measured the serum levels of MMPs, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and several cytokines/chemokines in patients with histologically proven early and advanced stages of NASH and compared them with those in healthy controls. RESULTS: Serum MMP-1 levels in stage 1 fibrosis, but not in the more advanced fibrosis stages, were significantly higher than in healthy controls (P=0.019). There was no correlation between serum MMP-1 level and fibrosis stage. Serum MMP- 1 levels in NASH patients represented disease activity estimated by serum aminotransferase values during the follow-up period. In contrast, MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMPs did not change with disease activity. Consistent with the finding that MMP-1 is expressed predominantly in monocytes and Kupffer cells, serum levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor were significantly increased in NASH with stage 1 fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that serum MMP-1 levels represent disease activity and may serve as a potential biomarker for monitoring the progression of NASH.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemokine CCL2 , Cytokines , Developing Countries , Early Diagnosis , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Humans , Kupffer Cells , Liver Cirrhosis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Metalloproteases , Monocytes , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 533-539, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689695

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the effect of Qilan Capsules (QLC) on the expressions of the related proteins HIF-1α, VEGF-α, EphA2 and MMP-1 in the formation of vasculogenic mimicry (VM) in prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prostate cancer PC-3 cells were cultured, transfected with siRNA, and divided into eight groups, blank control, HIF-1α siRNA, VEGF-α siRNA, EphA2 siRNA, QLC intervention, QLC + HIF-1α siRNA, QLC + VEGF-α siRNA, and QLC + EphA2 siRNA. The expressions of the HIF-1α, VEGF-α and EphA2 proteins in the pathway of VEGF were determined by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank control group, the expression of HIF-1α was evidently decreased in the HIF-lα siRNA and QLC + HIF-lα siRNA groups (0.624 7 ± 0.042 8 vs 0.032 8 ± 0.002 5 and 0.036 8 ± 0.018 1, P < 0.05), so were that of VEGF-α in the VEGF-α siRNA and QLC + VEGF-α siRNA groups (0.068 9 ± 0.005 1 vs 0.016 9 ± 0.000 7 and 0.010 9 ± 0.000 8, P < 0.05), that of EphA2 in the EphA2 siRNA and QLC + EphA2 siRNA groups though with no statistically significant difference (0.1684 ± 0.0126 vs 0.134 5 ± 0.028 6 and 0.165 4 ± 0.039 8, P > 0.05), and that of MMP-1 in the HIF-lα siRNA, VEGF-α siRNA and EphA2 siRNA groups (1.696 1 ± 0.152 7 vs 0.435 9 ± 0.036 9, 0.198 7 ± 0.009 0 and 0.0218 ± 0.000 7, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Qilan Capsules can suppress VM formation in prostate cancer by inhibiting the expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF-α and MMP-1, which plays a role in the clinical treatment of prostate cancer by checking the growth and development of the blood supply system in the tumor tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Metabolism , Molecular Mimicry , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Metabolism , Receptor, EphA2 , Metabolism , Transfection , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1222-1231, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719241

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cockroach exposure is a pivotal cause of asthma. Tight junctions are intercellular structures required for maintenance of the barrier function of the airway epithelium, which is impaired in this disease. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) digest extracellular matrix components and are involved in asthma pathogenesis: MMP1 is a collagenase with a direct influence on airway obstruction in asthmatics. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which German cockroach extract (GCE) induces MMP1 expression and whether MMP1 release alters cellular tight junctions in human airway epithelial cells (NCI-H292). MATERIALS AND METHODS: mRNA and protein levels were determined using real-time PCR and ELISA. Tight junction proteins were detected using immunofluorescence staining. Epithelial barrier function was measured by transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER). The binding of a transcription factor to DNA molecules was determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay, while the levels of tight junction proteins and phosphorylation were determined using Western blotting. RESULTS: GCE was shown to increase MMP1 expression, TEER, and tight junction degradation. Both an inhibitor and small interfering RNA (siRNA) of MMP1 significantly decreased GCE-induced tight junction disruption. Furthermore, transient transfection with ETS1 and SP1 siRNA, and anti-TLR2 antibody pretreatment prevented MMP1 expression and tight junction degradation. An extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor also blocked MMP1 release, ETS1/SP1 DNA binding, and tight junction alteration. CONCLUSION: GCE treatment increases MMP1 expression, leading to tight junction disruption, which is transcriptionally regulated and influenced by the ERK/MAPK pathway in airway epithelial cells. These findings may contribute to developing novel therapeutic strategies for airway diseases.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Asthma , Blattellidae , Blotting, Western , Cockroaches , Collagenases , DNA , Electric Impedance , Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Extracellular Matrix , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Protein Kinases , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Tight Junction Proteins , Tight Junctions , Transcription Factors , Transfection
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects of compound K (CK), a ginsenoside metabolite, on chondrocytes from osteoarthritis (OA) patients following stimulation with interleukin (IL)-1β. METHODS: Articular cartilage samples were obtained from six OA patients undergoing total knee replacement surgery. Nitric oxide (NO) production was measured by the Griess reaction. Subsequently, the mRNA and protein levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), inducible NO synthase (iNOS), and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) were examined by a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Cartilage degradation was assessed using a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) assay. RESULTS: CK inhibited IL-1β-induced NO production and iNOS expression in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, it inhibited the IL-1 β-stimulated release of MMP-1, -3, and -13 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 from OA patient chondrocytes. In addition, CK effectively suppressed the IL-1β-induced phosphorylation of p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase MAPKs. Moreover, the IL-1β-mediated release of GAG was inhibited by CK in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: CK inhibited the IL-1β-induced expression of inflammatory mediators and MMPs by, at least in part, inhibiting MAPK activation, and has potential as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of OA.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Blotting, Western , Cartilage , Cartilage, Articular , Chondrocytes , Ginsenosides , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Interleukins , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Osteoarthritis , Panax , Phosphorylation , Protein Kinases , RNA, Messenger
12.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 29: 47-56, sept. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1017093

ABSTRACT

Background: The salivary glands of Lucilia sericata are the first organs to express specific endopeptidase enzymes. These enzymes play a central role in wound healing, and they have potential to be used therapeutically. Methods: Rapid amplification of cDNA ends and rapid amplification of genomic ends were used to identify the coding sequence of MMP-1 from L. sericata. Different segments of MMP1 gene, namely the middle part, 3' end, and 5' end, were cloned, sequenced, and analyzed using bioinformatics tools to determine the distinct features of MMP-1 protein. Results: Assembling the different segments revealed that the complete mRNA sequence of MMP-1 is 1932 bp long. CDS is 1212 bp long and is responsible for the production of MMP-1 of 404 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 45.1 kDa. The middle part, 3' end, and 5' end sequences were 933, 503, and 496 bp. In addition, it was revealed that the MMP-1 genomic sequence includes three exons and two introns. Furthermore, the three-dimensional structure of L. sericata MMP-1 protein was evaluated, and its alignment defined that it has high similarity to chain A of human MMP-2 with 100% confidence, 72% coverage, and 38% identity according to the SWISS-MODEL modeling analysis. Conclusions: MMP-1 of L. sericata has a close relationship with its homologs in invertebrates and other insects. The present study significantly contributes to understanding the function, classification, and evolution of the characterized MMP-1 from L. sericata and provides basic required information for the development of an effective medical bioproduct.


Subject(s)
Salivary Glands/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Diptera/enzymology , Diptera/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, RNA , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Computational Biology , Larva
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819074

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of microRNA(miR)-222 on cell proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblasts in hypertrophic scar (HS) and the underlying mechanisms. Methods: The expression of miR-222 in the HS and the normal skin tissues was detected by real-time RT-PCR. The HS fibroblasts were transfected with miR-222 mimic and miR-222 inhibitor respectively. The cell viability was tested with MTT assay, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were detected with flow cytometry and the expression levels of proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle related proteins were determined with Western blot. Direct target of miR-222 was evaluated by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results: miR-222 was significantly up-regulated in HS tissues compared with normal skin tissues(PConclusion: miR-222 enhances cell proliferation and inhibits cell apoptosis of HS fibroblasts through negative regulation of MMP1, which suggests that miR-222 and MMP1 might be used as novel biomarkers and targets in diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for HS.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Fibroblasts , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Metabolism
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(4): 366-375, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-792595

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Increased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activity is a hallmark of periapical granulomas. However, the factors underlying the MMPs expression modulation in healthy and diseased periapical tissues remains to be determined. Objective In this study, we evaluated the association between the MMP1-1607 polymorphism (rs1799750) and pro-inflammatory milieu elements with MMP-1 mRNA levels in vivo. Material and Methods MMP1-1607 SNP and the mRNA levels of MMP-1, TNF-a, IFN-g, IL-17A, IL-21, IL-10, IL-4, IL-9, and FOXp3 were determined via RealTimePCR in DNA/RNA samples from patients presenting periapical granulomas (N=111, for both genotyping and expression analysis) and control subjects (N=214 for genotyping and N=26 for expression analysis). The Shapiro-Wilk, Fisher, Pearson, Chi-square ordinal least squares regression tests were used for data analysis (p<0.05 was considered statistically significant). Results The MMP1-1607 1G/2G and 1G/2G+2G/2G genotypes were significantly more prevalent in the patients than in controls, comprising a risk factor for periapical lesions development. MMP-1 mRNA levels were higher in periapical lesions than in healthy periodontal ligament samples, as well as higher in active than in inactive lesions. The polymorphic allele 2G carriers presented a significantly higher MMP-1 mRNA expression when compared with the 1G/1G genotype group. The ordered logistic regression demonstrated a significant correlation between the genetic polymorphism and the expression levels of MMP-1. Additionally, the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-17A, IFN-g, TNF-a, IL-21, IL-10, IL-9, and IL-4 were significant as complementary explanatory variables of MMP-1 expression. Conclusion The MMP1-1607 SNP was identified as a risk factor for periapical lesions development, possibly due to its association with increased MMP-1 mRNA levels in periapical lesions. The MMP-1 expression is also under the control of the inflammatory milieu elements, being the cytokines TNF-a, IL-21, IL-17A, and IFN-g associated with increased MMP-1 levels in periapical lesions, while IL-10, IL-9, or IL-4 presented an inverse association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Periapical Diseases/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Up-Regulation , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Periapical Granuloma/genetics , Reference Values , Genetic Markers , Case-Control Studies , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/genetics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Genotype
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(2): 119-125, Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775562

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To detect whether chitin and sepia ink sponge (CS) can promote wound healing and elevate impact of CS on phagocytosis ability of macrophages. METHODS: Forty-eight rats were assigned to four groups: Normal group (Normal), negative control group (Con), chitin and sepia ink sponge group (CS) and positive control Surgicel Gauze(r) group (SG). Deep second-degree burn model was created in rats. Wound area was recorded by digital imaging and determined using Image J software. Samples were collected and kept at -80oC on 3d, 7d, 14d and 21d for cytokines detecting. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, interleukin (IL)-6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, hydroxyproline (Hyp) and macrophage activity reflected by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Comparing to Con and SG, scabs in CS group fell off and basically healed on 21 day. TGF-β1, IL-6, MMP-1 and Hyp were significantly increased by CS and SG comparing to Con (p < 0.05), CS had more apparently adjustment on TGF-β1 and MMP-1 compared to SG; results in vitro indicated CS significantly promoted phagocytosis ability of macrophages reflected in TNF-α (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: CS improved wound healing through exerting significant influences on secretion of kinds of cytokines and activating macrophages.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Burns, Chemical/drug therapy , Chitin/pharmacology , Sepia , Macrophages/drug effects , Phagocytosis/drug effects , Random Allocation , Chitin/therapeutic use , Cytokines/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Hydroxyproline/metabolism , Ink , Macrophages/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309143

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aimed to investigate the effects of in vitro continuous passaging on the morphological phenotype and differentiation characteristics of mouse hyaline chondrocytes, as well as on the balance of the extracellular matrix (ECM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Enzymatic digestion was conducted to isolate mouse hyaline chondrocytes, which expanded over five passages in vitro. Hematoxylin-eosin stain was used to show the changes in chondrocyte morphology. Semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA changes in the marker genes, routine genes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) in chondrocytes. Zymography was carried out to elucidate changes in gelatinase activities.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After continuous expansion in vitro, the morphology of round or polygonal chondrocytes changed to elongated and spindled shape. The expression of marker genes significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and it was almost negatively expressed by P5 chondrocytes. By contrast, the down regulation of routine genes was insignificant. The gene expression levels of MMPs and TIMPs both decreased (P < 0.05), but the change in MMP-1 and TIMP-1 was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Meanwhile, the ratio of MMPs/TIMPs was altered. At the protein level, the activities of gelatinases decreased after passaging, especially for P4 and P5 chondrocytes (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serially passaged chondrocytes dedifferentiated and lost specific phenotypic characteristics during in vitro expansion culture. Simultaneously, the anabolism and catabolism of the cartilage ECM became uncontrollable and led to the imbalance of ECM homeostasis. When hyaline chondrocytes are applied in research on relevant diseases or cartilage tissue engineering, P0-P2 chondrocytes should be used.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes , Physiology , Cytoskeleton , Extracellular Matrix , Gelatinases , Gene Expression , Hyalin , Physiology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Mice , RNA, Messenger , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases
17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1141-1153, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-68880

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: One of the features in cancer development is the migration of cancer cells to form metastatic lesions. CYR61 protein promotes migration and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition in several cancer cell types. Evidence suggests that CYR61 and dexamethasone are relevant to colorectal cancer. However, relationships between them and colorectal cancer are still unclear. Understanding the molecular mechanism of colorectal cancer progression related with CYR61 and dexamethasone, which is widely used for combination chemotherapy, is necessary for improved therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used colorectal cancer cells, HCT116, co-treated with transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and dexamethasone to examine the inhibitory migration effect of dexamethasone by migratory assay. Alternatively, both migratory pathways, expression of AKT and ERK, and the target factor CYR61 was also tested by co-treatment with TGF-β1 and dexamethasone. RESULTS: We report that dexamethasone significantly inhibited TGF-β1-induced cell migration, without affecting cell proliferation. Importantly, we observed that TGF-β1 promoted the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process and that dexamethasone co-treatment abolished this effect. ERK and AKT signaling pathways were found to mediate TGF-β1-induced migration, which was inhibited by dexamethasone. In addition, TGF-β1 treatment induced CYR61 expression whereas dexamethasone reduced it. These observations were compatible with the modulation of migration observed following treatment of HCT116 cells with human recombinant CYR61 and anti-CYR61 antibody. Our results also indicated that TGF-β1 enhanced collagen I and reduced matrix metalloproteinase 1 expression, which was reversed by dexamethasone treatment. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested that dexamethasone inhibits AKT and ERK phosphorylation, leading to decreased CYR61 expression, which in turn blocks TGF-β1-induced migration.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cysteine-Rich Protein 61 , Dexamethasone , Drug Therapy, Combination , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , HCT116 Cells , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Phosphorylation , Transforming Growth Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84881

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a dietary flavonoid, kaempferol, which has been shown to possess antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, and antioxidant activities on the periodontium by histomorphometric analysis and on gingival tissue matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), MMP-8, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) by biochemical analysis of rats after experimental periodontitis induction. METHODS: Sixty Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups of ten rats each, and silk ligatures were placed around the cervical area of the mandibular first molars for 15 days, except in the healthy control rats. In the experimental periodontitis groups, systemic kaempferol (10 mg/kg/2d) and saline were administered by oral gavage at two different periods (with and without the presence of dental biofilm) to all rats except for the ten non-medicated rats. Alveolar bone area, alveolar bone level, and attachment level were determined by histomorphometric analysis, and gingival tissue levels of MMP-1, MMP-8, and TIMP-2 were detected by biochemical analysis. RESULTS: Significantly greater bone area and significantly less alveolar bone and attachment loss were observed in the kaempferol application groups compared to the control groups (P0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Kaempferol application may be useful in decreasing alveolar bone resorption, attachment loss, and MMP-1 and -8 production in experimental periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ligation , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Molar , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Periodontium , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Silk , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 335-342, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARBs) are known to reduce the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) through reverse-remodeling. However, the effect of ARBs on thrombogenicity in AF remains unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve dogs were assigned to control (n=4), ARB (candesartan cilexitil 10 mg/kg/day p.o., 12 weeks; n=4), or sham (n=4) groups. Sustained AF was induced by rapid atrial pacing. Both arterial and venous serum levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1, von Willebrand factor, P-selectin, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) were measured at baseline and during AF (0, 4, and 12 weeks) with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Biopsies from both atria including the appendages were performed to semi-quantitatively assess endocardial and myocardial fibrosis after 12 weeks. RESULTS: The serum levels of bio-markers were not significantly different at baseline or during AF between the control and the candesartan groups. The levels were not significantly different over time, but there was a trend toward a decrease in arterial VCAM-1 from 4 to 12 weeks in the candesartan group compared to the control group. The grades of endocardial fibrosis after 12 weeks but not those of myocardial fibrosis were slightly reduced in the candesartan group compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: This study did not show that the ARB candesartan significantly reverses thrombogenicity or fibrosis during AF. Future studies using a larger number of subjects are warranted to determine the therapeutic effect of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade on prothrombogenic processes in AF.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Animals , Atrial Fibrillation , Biomarkers , Biopsy , Dogs , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fibrosis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , P-Selectin , Renin-Angiotensin System , Thromboembolism , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , von Willebrand Factor
20.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 740-748, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25361

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Approximately 90%~99% of ultraviolet A (UVA) ray reaches the Earth's surface. The deeply penetrating UVA rays induce the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which results in oxidative stress such as photoproducts, senescence, and cell death. Thus, UVA is considered a primary factor that promotes skin aging. OBJECTIVE: Researchers investigated whether pretreatment with ferulic acid protects human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) against UVA-induced cell damages. METHODS: HDF proliferation was analyzed using the water-soluble tetrazolium salt assay. Cell cycle distribution and intracellular ROS levels were assessed by flow cytometric analysis. Senescence was evaluated using a senescence-associated β-galactosidase assay, while Gadd45α promoter activity was analyzed through a luciferase assay. The expression levels of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), catalase (CAT), xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A and C, matrix metalloproteinase 1 and 3, as well as p21 and p16 were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Inhibition of proliferation and cell cycle arrest were detected in cells that were irradiated with UVA only. Pretreatment with ferulic acid significantly increased the proliferation and cell cycle progression in HDFs. Moreover, ferulic acid pretreatment produced antioxidant effects such as reduced DCF intensity, and affected SOD1 and CAT mRNA expression. These effects were also demonstrated in the analysis of cell senescence, promoter activity, expression of senescent markers, and DNA repair. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that ferulic acid exerts protective effects on UVA-induced cell damages via anti-oxidant and stress-inducible cellular mechanisms in HDFs.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Antioxidants , Catalase , Cats , Cellular Senescence , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Death , Complement System Proteins , DNA Repair , Fibroblasts , Humans , Luciferases , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Skin Aging , Superoxide Dismutase , Ultraviolet Rays , Xeroderma Pigmentosum
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