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1.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e015, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089381

ABSTRACT

Abstract We sought to compare the characteristics and clinical significance of neutrophil extracellular traps in gingival samples from patients with periodontitis and those with gingivitis. The clinical indexes of gingival samples from patients with periodontitis and gingivitis were measured; the expression of TNF-alpha and IL-8 was measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR; and the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 was measured by western blotting assays. Chemotaxis, phagocytosis and phagocytic activity of neutrophils were measured. Compared with the healthy group, the expression of TNF-α and IL-8 in the periodontitis group and the gingivitis group increased significantly (p < 0.05), and TNF-α in the gingivitis group was significantly lower than that in the healthy group (p < 0.05). The expression of IL-8 in the periodontitis group was significantly higher than that in the periodontitis group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 in the periodontitis group was different from that in the gingivitis group and the healthy group, and the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 in the gingivitis group was significantly different from that in the healthy group (p < 0.05). In addition, the neutrophil mobility index in healthy people was 3.02 ± 0.53, that in the periodontitis group was 2.21 ± 0.13, and that in the gingivitis group was 2.31 ± 0.12. In conclusion, the chemotaxis of neutrophils in gingival samples of patients with periodontitis and gingivitis was decreased, the phagocytotic ability and activity of neutrophils were reduced, and the release of the extracellular trap-releasing inducible factors TNF-alpha and IL-8 also declined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Periodontitis/pathology , Extracellular Traps , Gingivitis/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology , Reference Values , RNA/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-8/analysis , Actins/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Toll-Like Receptor 8/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(2): 180-188, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983821

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In menopause, there is greater cellular exposure to oxidative stress, related to the decreased antioxidative effects of estrogen. These metabolic changes favor the progression of cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. Abnormal function of the aorta - the most important artery - is associated with many cardiovascular diseases. Collagen, especially types I and III, is one of the most important aortic wall components and it can be affected by many factors, including menopause. The 8-OHdG is one of the main markers of DNA oxidative damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Objective: We aimed to investigate effects of moderate aerobic training on the ascending aorta of LDL-knockout (LDL-KO) and ovariectomized female mice. Methods: A total of 15 C57BL/6 mice and 15 LDL-KO mice were divided into experimental groups. The thickness and volume density of types I and III collagen fibers were performed by morphoquantitative analysis, whereas the MMP-2 and MMP-9 and 8-OHdG were detected by immunohistochemistry and apoptosis was detected by the TUNEL assay. The significance level for all tests was p < 0.05. Results: Exercise causes an increase in the thickness of the aorta in LDL-KO groups, particularly accentuated in the ovariectomized groups. The type I collagen fibers showed an increase in volume density influenced by training in both Control groups and in the LDL-KO group. Type III collagen density decreased in both groups. The MMP-2 showed moderade immunostaining in the tunica media in LDL-KO groups, which did not occur in the control groups and the MMP-9 stained irregularly in all tissues. The marker 8-OhdG was stronger in the exercise training groups. Additionally, the ovariectomy, the exercise training and the LDL-KO treatments increased apoptosis. Conclusion: These results suggest that moderate-intensity aerobic exercise in ovariectomized mice associated to an increase in LDL rate possibly increases oxidative stress and apoptosis induction.


Resumo Fundamento: Na menopausa, há maior exposição celular ao estresse oxidativo, relacionada à diminuição dos efeitos antioxidantes do estrogênio. Essas alterações metabólicas favorecem a progressão das doenças cardiovasculares, como a aterosclerose. A função anormal da aorta - a artéria mais importante - está associada a muitas doenças cardiovasculares. O colágeno, especialmente os tipos I e III, é um dos mais importantes componentes da parede da aorta e pode ser afetado por muitos fatores, incluindo a menopausa. Por sua vez, 8-OHdG é um dos principais marcadores de danos oxidativos do DNA induzidos por espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROS). Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos do treinamento aeróbico moderado na aorta ascendente de camundongos fêmeas, nocaute para LDL (LDL-KO) e ovariectomizadas. Métodos: Um total de 15 animais C57BL/6 e 15 animais LDL-KO foram divididos em grupos experimentais. A espessura e a densidade de volume das fibras de colágeno tipos I e III foram realizadas por análise morfoquantitativa; MMP-2 e MMP-9 e 8-OHdG foram detectadas por imunohistoquímica; e a apoptose foi detectada pelo ensaio TUNEL. O nível de significância adotado para todos os testes realizados foi p < 0,05. Resultados: o exercício causa aumento da espessura da aorta em grupos LDL-KO, particularmente acentuada em grupos ovariectomizados. As fibras de colágeno de tipo I mostraram aumento da densidade de volume influenciado pelo treinamento em animais controle e LDL-KO. A densidade do colágeno tipo III diminuiu em ambos os grupos. A MMP-2 mostrou imunomarcação moderada na túnica média em animais LDL-KO; em grupos controle, a MMP-9 marcou irregularmente em todos os tecidos. O marcador 8-OHdG foi mais forte nos grupos de treinamento de exercícios. Além disso, a ovariectomia, o treinamento físico e os tratamentos de LDL-KO aumentaram a apoptose. Conclusão: Esses resultados sugerem que exercícios aeróbicos de intensidade moderada em camundongos ovariectomizados associados ao aumento da taxa de LDL, possivelmente, aumentam o estresse oxidativo e a indução da apoptose.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Aorta/metabolism , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Ovariectomy , Collagen/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Aorta/pathology , Menopause/metabolism , Receptors, LDL/blood , Immunohistochemistry , Tunica Media/pathology , Apoptosis/physiology , Mice, Knockout , Oxidative Stress/physiology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Sedentary Behavior
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(11): 705-712, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977792

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To characterize the patterns of cell differentiation, proliferation, and tissue invasion in eutopic and ectopic endometrium of rabbits with induced endometriotic lesions via a well- known experimental model, 4 and 8 weeks after the endometrial implantation procedure. Methods Twenty-nine female New Zealand rabbits underwent laparotomy for endometriosis induction through the resection of one uterine horn, isolation of the endometrium, and fixation of tissue segment to the pelvic peritoneum. Two groups of animals (one with 14 animals, and the other with15) were sacrificed 4 and 8 weeks after endometriosis induction. The lesion was excised along with the opposite uterine horn for endometrial gland and stroma determination. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues for analysis of the following markers: metalloprotease (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease (TIMP-2), which are involved in the invasive capacity of the endometrial tissue; and metallothionein (MT) and p63, which are involved in cell differentiation and proliferation. Results The intensity of the immunostaining for MMP9, TIMP-2, MT, and p63 was higher in ectopic endometria than in eutopic endometria. However, when the ectopic lesions were compared at 4 and 8 weeks, no significant difference was observed, with the exception of the marker p63, which was more evident after 8 weeks of evolution of the ectopic endometrial tissue. Conclusion Ectopic endometrial lesions seem to express greater power for cell differentiation and tissue invasion, compared with eutopic endometria, demonstrating a potentially invasive, progressive, and heterogeneous presentation of endometriosis.


Resumo Objetivo Caracterizar o padrão de diferenciação celular, proliferação e invasão tecidual em endométrio eutópico e ectópico de coelhas com lesões de endometriose induzidas por um modelo experimental 4 e 8 semanas após o procedimento de implantação endometrial. Métodos Vinte e nove coelhas fêmeas Nova Zelândia foram submetidas a laparotomia para indução de endometriose através da ressecção de um dos cornos uterinos, isolamento do endométrio e fixação do tecido no peritônio pélvico. Dois grupos de animais (14 animais em um grupo e 15 animais no outro) foram sacrificados 4 e 8 semanas após a indução da endometriose. A lesão foi excisada junto com o corno uterino contralateral para determinação da presença de glândulas e de estroma endometrial. Reações de imunohistoquímica foram realizadas no tecido endometrial eutópico e ectópico para análise dos seguintes marcadores: metaloprotease (MMP9) e inibidor tecidual da metaloprotease 2 (TIMP-2), os quais estão envolvidos na capacidade de invasão do tecido endometrial; e metalotioneina (MT) e p63, os quais estão envolvidos na diferenciação e proliferação celular. Resultados A intensidade da imunomarcação para MMP9, TIMP-2, MT e p63 foi mais alta nos endométrios ectópicos do que nos endométrios eutópicos. Contudo, quando as lesões foram comparadas entre 4 e 8 semanas, nenhuma diferença foi observada, com exceção do marcador p63, o qual foi mais evidente depois de 8 semanas de evolução do tecido endometrial ectópico. Conclusão Lesões endometriais ectópicas parecem expressar maior poder de diferenciação celular e de invasão tecidual comparadas com endométrios eutópicos, demonstrando o potencial de invasão, de progressão e de apresentação heterogênea da endometriose.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Choristoma/metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2/biosynthesis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/biosynthesis , Endometriosis/metabolism , Endometrium/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/biosynthesis , Metallothionein/biosynthesis , Rabbits , Cell Differentiation , Choristoma/pathology , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Endometrium/chemistry , Membrane Proteins/analysis , Metallothionein/analysis
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(2): 320-327, fev. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895581

ABSTRACT

Some studies have shown the role played by matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. In this study, we sought to investigate how plasma and myocardial MMP 2 and 9 perform in rabbits with doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy, searching for a correlation between the activity of these collagenases and cardiac remodeling. Cardiomyopathy was induced by doxorubicin given intravenously twice a week for six consecutive weeks. Plasma MMP activity and the echocardiogram were assessed at baseline, and at 15 and 45 days after first injection of doxorubicin. The myocardial activity of these enzymes was solely evaluated in nine rabbits at 45 days, and results were compared with nine healthy controls. We only identified the full-length forms of both MMP 2 and 9 throughout the study. The plasma pro-MMP 2 reduced along the deterioration of cardiac function, while the pro-MMP 9 increased significantly at T45 as compared to baseline and T15. A negative significant correlation was found to exist between the plasma activity of pro-MMP 2 and mitral E-to-mitral septal annular early diastolic velocity ratio, which is an estimate of mean left atrial pressure and congestion. Only pro-MMP 2 was found in myocardial samples, and mean activity of such enzyme was statistically lower than that recorded for healthy controls. Although no active form was documented for either collagenase, the duration of the treatment with doxorubicin played a role in the alteration of plasma pro-forms activity. However, these changes could not be associated with most echocardiographic parameters that are supportive of cardiac remodeling.(AU)


Alguns estudos já demonstraram o papel exercido pelas metaloproteinases de matriz e seus inibidores na cardiotoxicidade promovida pela doxorrubicina. Assim, este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o comportamento das MMPs 2 e 9 plasmáticas e miocárdicas em coelhos com cardiomiopatia induzida pela doxorrubicina, buscando determinar se há correlação entre a atividade dessas colagenases e o remodelamento cardíaco. A cardiomiopatia foi induzida pela doxorrubicina aplicada por via intravenosa duas vezes por semana ao longo de seis semanas consecutivas. A atividade plasmática das MMPs e o ecocardiograma foram avaliados no momento basal e aos 15 e 45 dias após a primeira aplicação da doxorrubicina. A atividade miocárdica dessas enzimas foi quantificada em apenas nove coelhos aos 45 dias e os resultados comparados com outros nove controles saudáveis. Foram identificadas apenas as formas inativas das MMPs 2 e 9 durante todo o estudo. A pro-MMP 2 plasmática reduziu à medida que a função cardiaca se deteriorou, enquanto a pro-MMP 9 aumentou significativamente em T45 quando comparada aos momentos basal e T15. Houve correlação negativa significativa entre a atividade plasmática da pro-MMP 2 e a relação entre E mitral e a velocidade anular mitral no início da diástole, um parâmetro que permite estimar a pressão atrial esquerda média e a congestão. Apenas a pro-MMP 2 foi documentada nas amostras miocárdicas dos coelhos com cardiomiopatia e atividade media dessa enzima foi estatisticamente menor que aquela observada nos controles saudáveis. Embora a forma ativa de ambas as colagenases não tenha sido identificada, o tempo de tratamento com doxorrubicina interferiu na atividade das formas inativas plasmáticas. Contudo, essas alterações não se associaram com a maioria dos parâmetros ecocardiográficos que indicam remodelamento cardíaco.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Doxorubicin/toxicity , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Cardiomyopathies/veterinary , Collagenases , Echocardiography/veterinary
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e114, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974440

ABSTRACT

Abstract Smokers have a risk of developing periodontal disease. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) play a significant role in periodontal tissue destruction. In this study possible relationship between smoking and gingival tissue expression of gelatinases in chronic periodontitis patients relative to periodontally healthy subjects was investigated. Forty chronic periodontitis patients (20 smokers and 20 non-smokers) and forty periodontally healthy subjects (20 smokers and 20 non-smokers) were enrolled. The clinical periodontal measurements recorded, and gingival tissues harvested after that. After histologic evaluation, matrix metalloproteinases -2 and -9 expressions were analyzed immunohistochemically. In nonsmokers, higher expression of metalloproteinases -2 and -9 detected in chronic periodontitis group compared to the periodontally healthy group. In the smoker chronic periodontitis group, the expression of metalloproteinases-2 was lower than nonsmoker chronic periodontitis group. Statistically significant differences detected between smoker and nonsmoker periodontally healthy groups in metalloproteinases-2 expression. For metalloproteinases-9 expression, smoker chronic periodontitis group has lower values than nonsmoker chronic periodontitis group. In periodontally healthy group smokers showed higher metalloproteinases -9 expressions than non- smokers. Present findings support the role of gelatinases in chronic periodontitis pathogenesis. Based on the current results we conclude that smoking alters the expression of gelatinases in gingival tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Smoking/adverse effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/enzymology , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Gingiva/enzymology , Middle Aged
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 130-139, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Periodontitis can contribute to the development of insulin resistance. Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Therefore, periodontitis, when associated with gestational diabetes, could increase the risk for the development of type 2 diabetes after pregnancy. Objective The aim of this study was to verify the incidence on the development of type 2 diabetes in women with previous gestational diabetes with and without periodontitis after a three-year time interval. Material and Methods Initial sample of this follow-up study consisted of 90 women diagnosed with gestational diabetes who underwent periodontal examination. After three years, 49 women were subjected to new periodontal examination and biological, behavioral, and social data of interest were collected. Additionally, the quantification of the C-reactive protein in blood samples was performed. Fasting glucose and glycated hemoglobin levels were requested. Saliva samples were collected for quantification of interleukin 6 and 10, tumor necrosis factor α, matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9. Results The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus was 18.4% and of periodontitis was 10.2%. There was no significant difference in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among women with and without periodontitis. It was observed impact of C-reactive protein in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it was not observed impact of periodontitis on the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus among women with previous gestational diabetes. Conclusions It was not observed impact of periodontitis on the development of type 2 diabetes among women with previous gestational diabetes. The impact of C-reactive protein in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus highlights the importance of an inflammatory process in the diabetes pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Saliva/chemistry , Time Factors , Blood Glucose/analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Epidemiologic Methods , Risk Factors , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e51, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952089

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β1) in periapical lesion samples correlated with the intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate and thickness of the epithelial lining. Forty-five cases of periapical lesions (23 periapical granulomas and 22 radicular cysts) were subjected to morphological and immunohistochemical analyses using anti-MMP-9 and anti-TGF-β1 antibodies. The data were analyzed using the following tests: non-parametric Mann-Whitney, chi-square, Fisher's exact test and Spearman's correlation test (P<0.05). Analysis of inflammatory infiltrate revealed that 78% of periapical granulomas presented infiltrate grade III, in contrast with 32% of radicular cysts (P<0.001). Morphological evaluation of the epithelial thickness in radicular cysts revealed the presence of atrophic epithelium in 86% of the cysts. The immunostaining of MMP-9 was score 2 in 67% of the granulomas and 77% of the cysts. Both lesions were predominantly score 1 for TGF-β1. Significant differences were confirmed between the expression scores of TGF-β1 and MMP-9 in periapical granulomas (p = 0.004) and in radicular cysts (p < 0.001). Expression of TGF-β1 was different for periapical granulomas and radicular cysts. This immunoregulatory cytokine seems more representative in asymptomatic lesions. The extracellular matrix remodeling process dependent on MMP-9 seems to be similar for both periapical granulomas and radicular cysts. TGF-β1 and MMP-9 may play an important role in the maintenance of periapical lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Periapical Granuloma/metabolism , Radicular Cyst/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Periapical Granuloma/immunology , Periapical Granuloma/pathology , Biopsy , Severity of Illness Index , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Radicular Cyst/immunology , Radicular Cyst/pathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Epithelial Cells/pathology
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(6): 382-388, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785018

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To investigate the regulatory roles of neutrophil elastase (NE) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. METHODS: To construct LPS-induced ALI mouse models, wild-type C57BL/6 mice were administered 5.0 mg/kg of LPS through endotracheal, and/or 1.0 mg/kg of ONO-5046, and/or 20.0 mg/kg of chemically modified tetracycline-3 (CMT-3) by gavage. The levels of MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease-1, interleukin (IL)-6 were detected by real time RT-PCR at 6 h, 24 h and 48 h, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF), lung wet-dry weight ratio, white blood cell (WBC) count and polymorphonuclear (PMN) count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were tested at 48 h after administration. The 5-day survival analysis of the ALI mice was also performed. RESULTS: Both ONO-5046 and CMT-3, regardless of being used individually or combined, significantly reduced the levels of MMP-9, IL-6, and TNF in lung tissue as well as in BALF, and the WBC and PMN count in BALF. Combined treatment with ONO-5046 and CMT-3 remarkably improved the survival rate of ALI mice. CONCLUSION: Neutrophil elastase synergizes with matrix metalloproteinase-9 to promote and regulate the release of inflammatory mediators and the infiltration of inflammatory cells, consequently affecting the survival of lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sulfonamides/administration & dosage , Tetracyclines/administration & dosage , Leukocyte Elastase/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/enzymology , Glycine/analogs & derivatives , Time Factors , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/cytology , Survival Analysis , Lipopolysaccharides , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Leukocyte Elastase/drug effects , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factors/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Acute Lung Injury/blood , Glycine/administration & dosage , Leukocyte Count , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neutrophils
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(3): 295-303, July-Sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-756525

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective:Matrix metalloproteinases are inflammatory biomarkers involved in carotid plaque instability. Our objective was to analyze the inflammatory activity of plasma and carotid plaque MMP-8 and MMP-9 after intravenous administration of hydrocortisone.Methods:The study included 22 patients with stenosis ≥ 70% in the carotid artery (11 symptomatic and 11 asymptomatic) who underwent carotid endarterectomy. The patients were divided into two groups: Control Group - hydrocortisone was not administered, and Group 1 - 500 mg intravenous hydrocortisone was administered during anesthetic induction. Plasma levels of MMP-8 and MMP-9 were measured preoperatively (24 hours before carotid endarterectomy) and at 1 hour, 6 hours and 24 hours after carotid endarterectomy. In carotid plaque, tissue levels of MMP-8 and MMP-9 were measured.Results:Group 1 showed increased serum levels of MMP- 8 (994.28 pg/ml and 408.54 pg/ml, respectively; P=0.045) and MMP-9 (106,656.34 and 42,807.69 respectively; P=0.014) at 1 hour after carotid endarterectomy compared to the control group. Symptomatic patients in Group 1 exhibited lower tissue concentration of MMP-8 in comparison to the control group (143.89 pg/ml and 1317.36 respectively; P=0.003). There was a correlation between preoperative MMP-9 levels and tissue concentrations of MMP-8 (P=0.042) and MMP-9 (P=0.019) between symptomatic patients in the control group.Conclusion:Hydrocortisone reduces the concentration of MMP- 8 in carotid plaque, especially in symptomatic patients. There was an association between systemic and tissue inflammation.


ResumoObjetivo:As metaloproteinases são biomarcadores inflamatórios envolvidos na instabilidade da placa carotídea. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a atividade inflamatória da MMP-8 e MMP-9 plasmática e presente na placa carotídea, após administração intravenosa de hidrocortisona.Métodos:Participaram do estudo 22 pacientes portadores de estenose ≥ 70% em artéria carótida (11 sintomáticos e 11 assintomáticos), submetidos à endarterectomia de artéria carótida. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo Controle - não foi administrado hidrocortisona e Grupo 1 - foi administrado 500 mg intravenoso de hidrocortisona durante a indução anestésica. As dosagens plasmáticas de MMP-8 e MMP-9 foram efetuadas no pré-operatório (24 horas antes da endarterectomia de artéria carótida) e em 1 hora, 6 horas e 24 horas após endarterectomia de artéria carótida. Na placa carotídea foram mensurados os níveis teciduais de MMP-8 e MMP-9.Resultados:O grupo 1 exibiu elevação dos níveis séricos da MMP-8 (994,28 pg/ml e 408,54 pg/ml, respectivamente; P=0.045) e MMP-9 (106.656,34 e 42.807,69, respectivamente; P=0.014) em 1 hora após a endarterectomia de artéria carótida, em relação ao grupo controle. Os pacientes sintomáticos do grupo 1 exibiram menor concentração tecidual de MMP-8, em relação ao grupo controle (143,89 pg/ml e 1317,36, respectivamente; P=0.003). Houve correlação entre os níveis pré-operatórios de MMP-9 e as concentrações teciduais de MMP-8 (P=0.042) e MMP-9 (P=0.019) entre os pacientes sintomáticos do grupo controle.Conclusão:A hidrocortisona reduz a concentração de MMP-8 na placa carotídea, em especial nos pacientes sintomáticos. Houve associação entre a inflamação sistêmica e a tecidual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Carotid Artery, Internal/drug effects , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Hydrocortisone/pharmacology , /drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers/analysis , Carotid Artery, Internal/enzymology , Carotid Stenosis/enzymology , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , /analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(1): 79-88, Jan-Mar/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745885

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish whether the mutation in the Immp2L gene induces renal fibrosis and whether aging exacerbates renal morphology in mice. Methods Female mutant mice with mutation in the inner mitochondrial membrane peptidase 2-like protein at 3 and 18 months of age were used. Renal fibrosis was analyzed using classic fibrosis score, Masson’s trichrome staining, and analysis of profibrotic markers using real time polymerase chain reaction (superoxide dismutase 1, metalloproteinase-9, erythropoietin, transforming growth factor beta), and immunostaining (fibroblasts and Type IV collagen). Oxidative stress markers were determined by immunohistochemistry. The number of renal apoptotic cells was determined. Renal function was estimated by serum creatinine. Results Young mutant mice had significantly more glomerulosclerosis than age-matched mice (p=0.034). Mutant mice had more tubular casts (p=0.025), collagen deposition (p=0.019), and collagen type IV expression (p<0.001). Superoxide dismutase 1 expression was significantly higher in young mutants (p=0.038). Old mutants exhibited significantly higher expression of the fibroblast marker and macrophage marker (p=0.007 and p=0.012, respectively). The real time polymerase chain reaction of metalloproteinase-9 and erythropoietin were enhanced 2.5- and 6-fold, respectively, in old mutants. Serum creatinine was significantly higher in old mutants (p<0.001). Conclusion This mutation altered renal architecture by increasing the deposition of extracellular matrix, oxidative stress, and inflammation, suggesting a protective role of Immp2L against renal fibrosis. .


Objetivo Estabelecer se a mutação no gene Immp2L induz à fibrose renal e se o envelhecimento exacerba a morfologia renal em camundongos. Métodos Foram usadas fêmeas de camundongos mutantes para proteína semelhante à peptidase 2 da camada interna da mitocôndria, com 3 e 18 meses de idade. Para analisar a fibrose renal, foram usados o escore clássico de fibrose, a coloração com tricrômio de Masson, e a análise de marcadores profibróticos, por meio da reação em cadeia de polimerase em tempo real (superóxido dismutase 1, metalonoproteinase-9, eritropoietina e fator transformador de crescimento beta), e a imunocoloração (fibroblastos e colágeno IV). Marcadores de estresse oxidativo foram determinados por imuno-histoquímica. O número de células apoptóticas renais foi analisado. A função renal foi estimada por creatinina sérica. Resultados Camundongos mutantes jovens apresentaram glomeruloesclerose em quantidade significativamente maior que animais da mesma idade (p=0,034). Os mutantes mostraram maior formação de cilindros tubulares (p=0,025), deposição de colágeno (p=0,019) e maior expressão de colágeno do tipo IV (p<0,001). A expressão de superóxido dismutase 1 foi maior em mutantes jovens (p=0,038). Mutantes idosas exibiram maior expressão dos marcadores de fibroblastos e macrófagos (p=0,007 e p=0,012, respectivamente). As reações da cadeia de polimerase em tempo real da metalanoproteinase-9 e da eritropoietina estavam aumentadas em 2,5 e 6 vezes, respectivamente, em mutantes idosas. A creatinina sérica foi significantemente maior em animais idosos mutantes (p<0,001). Conclusão Essa mutação alterou a arquitetura renal pelo aumento da deposição de matriz extracelular, estresse oxidativo e inflamação, sugerindo papel de proteção de Immp2L contra a fibrose renal. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Endopeptidases/genetics , Endopeptidases/metabolism , Kidney/metabolism , Kidney/pathology , Mutation/physiology , Superoxides/metabolism , Apoptosis/genetics , Apoptosis/physiology , Collagen/analysis , Creatinine/blood , Erythropoietin/analysis , Fibrosis/genetics , Fibrosis/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Oxidative Stress/genetics , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/genetics , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Superoxides/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis
11.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2014. 189 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-847104

ABSTRACT

Glioblastoma multiforme (G BM), ou astrocitoma grau IV, é o tumor mais comum e letal do sistema nervoso central. Uma de suas características mais marcantes é seu alto potencial invasivo do tecido normal adjacente. Neste processo, o remodelamento da matriz extracelular, modulado por enzimas que degradam seus componentes e por inibidores destas enzimas, é crucial. Foi descrito que a expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9, membros da família das metaloproteinases de matriz, aumentam conforme a progressão de astrocitomas. A variante canônica de RECK suprime a invasão tumoral e metástase através da inibição da atividade de, pelo menos, três MMPs: MMP-2, MMP-9 e MMP-14. Uma correlação positiva tem sido observada entre a abundância da expressão de RECK em amostras tumorais e um prognóstico mais favorável para pacientes com diversos tipos de tumores. Neste estudo, variantes de splicing do gene supressor de tumor RECK foram identificadas através da análise de Expressed sequenced Tags (ESTs), isoladas por RT-PCR, sequenciadas e clonadas. Três novas variantes de splicing do gene RECK foram identificadas e caracterizadas. O perfil de expressão dos transcritos de RECK foi determinado através de ensaios de RT-PCR quantitativo em um painel de tecidos normais e, também, durante a progressão de astrocitomas. Foram utilizadas, para esta análise, amostras macro dissecadas de tumores de pacientes com astrocitomas grau I (n=15), II (n=15), III (n=15) e GBMs (n=30). Os resultados mostram que maior expressão de RECK canônico, acompanhada de maior razão de expressão da variante canônica em relação às variantes de splicing alternativo, correlaciona positivamente com maior sobrevida global de pacientes com GBM, sugerindo seu papel como potenciais biomarcadores para o prognóstico destes pacientes. Análise funcional das isoform as de RECK em células U87 MG revelou que as células superexpressando as isoformas não apresentam inibição do processo de invasão celular, como observado para superexpressão da proteína canônica. Dentre as isoformas analisadas, destaca-se RECK-B, isoforma potencialmente ancorada à membrana plasmática por GPI, como a proteína canônica RECK, sugerindo uma possível colocalização destas variantes. Observa-se que células superexpressando RECK-B apresentam maior capacidade tumorigênica. Os resultados indicam que as variantes de RECK e o balanço entre a expressão destas variantes, apresentam um papel importante no comportamento e na agressividade de GBMs, tendo potencial valor na clínica. Além disso, para abrir perspectivas para o estudo das variantes de RECK, o balanço de expressão dos transcritos canônico e alternativos deste gene foi explorado durante os processos de diferenciação osteogênica e adipogênica. Os resultados indicam que a expressão da variante canônica é mais abundante em relação à expressão de suas isoformas em estágios tardios da adipogênese, sendo que o perfil inverso é observado em relação à isoforma B durante a osteogênese, sugerindo que o balanço entre os níveis de expressão das isformas de RECK possui um potencial papel biológico que deve ser explorado durante esses processos. Em conjunto, os resultados demonstram a existência de, pelo menos, três variantes de splicing do gene supressor de tumor RECK com envolvimento na tumorigênese e na diferenciação celular, abrindo novas perspectivas para o estudo e a aplicação do gene RECK na clínica


Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or grade IV astrocytoma is the most common and lethal tumor of the central nervous system. One of the most striking features of GBMs is their invasive potential of the normal surrounding brain tissue. It has been described that MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression levels increase during astrocytoma progression. Canonical RECK suppresses tumor invasion and metastasis by negatively regulating at least three matrix metalloproteinases, namely: MMP-9, MMP-2 and MT1-MMP. A positive correlation has been observed between the abundance of RECK express ion in tumor samples and a more favorable prognosis for patients with several types of tumors. In this study, splice variants of the RECK tumor suppressor gene were identified by Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) analysis, isolated by RT-PCR, sequenced and cloned. Three novel alternatively spliced variants of the RECK tumor suppressor gene were identified and characterized. The RECK transcripts expression profiles were investigated using quantitative RT-PCR assays in a normal tissue RNA panel and, also, during astrocytoma progression in macrodissected tumor samples of patients with astrocytoma grades I (n=15), II (n=15), III (n=15) and IV/GBM (n=30). The results show that higher canonical RECK expression, accompanied by a higher ratio of canonical to alternative transcript expression, positively correlated with higher overall survival rate after chemotherapeutic treatment of GBM patients. Our findings suggest that these RECK transcript variants may potentially be used as biomarkers for prognosis of GBM patients. U87 MG cells overexpressing each RECK alternative variant were generated and found to lack the supressive role of cellular invasion processes found upon overexpressing the canonical protein. Among the characterized isoforms, RECK-B stands out, since this isoform is potentially anchored to the cell membrane by a GPI anchor, exactly as the canonical RECK and, also, since cells overexpressing RECK-B display greater tumorigenic capacity. The results indicate that RECK variants and the balance between the expressions of these variants, play an important role in the behavior and aggressiviness of GBMs, therefore have a potential translational application. In addition, in order to investigate new perspectives for the analysis of these isoforms, the expression balance of RECK transcripts was assessed during osteogenesis and adipogenesis, by qRT - PCR. The results show that the expression of the canonical RECK variant is more abundant that that of its alternative isoforms in later stages of adipogenic differentiation. The opposite profile is found regarding RECK-B during osteogenesis, suggesting that the balance between the expressions of these transcripts may have a potential role during these processes. Taken together, the results show the existence of, at least, three alternatively spliced variants of the RECK tumor suppressor gene, which are involved in tumogigenesis and cellular differentiation, o pening new perspectives for studies and clinical application of the RECK gene


Subject(s)
Alternative Splicing , Astrocytoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Glioblastoma/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/complications , Gene Expression/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
12.
Indian J Hum Genet ; 2013 Apr; 19(2): 144-149
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of promoter methylation of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) gene and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) on the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CTLA-4 and MMP-9 promoter methylation were investigated using a methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR) in blood samples taken from 80 NAFLD individuals and 95 healthy controls. The expression levels of CTLA-4 and MMP-9 were also assessed in 10 blood and 9 liver tissues mRNA samples from NAFLD patients. These cases were compared to the blood (n = 10) samples of healthy controls with real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR. RESULTS: No significant relationship was found for methylation of CTLA-4 and MMP-9 between cases and controls. The relative expression of CTLA-4 and MMP-9 mRNA in NAFLD was not significantly different compared to healthy control samples. CONCLUSION: For the first time, our outcomes indicate that the methylation status of CTLA-4 and MMP-9 genes has no significant function on the process of NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Adult , CTLA-4 Antigen/analysis , CTLA-4 Antigen/genetics , Gene Expression/genetics , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Methylation/genetics , Middle Aged , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/etiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Risk Factors
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(1): 3-9, 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-671347

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of MMP-2, MMP-9 and CD31/microvascular density in squamous cell carcinomas of the floor of the mouth and to correlate the results with demographic, survival, clinical (TNM staging) and histopathological variables (tumor grade, perineural invasion, embolization and bone invasion). Data from medical records and diagnoses of 41 patients were reviewed. Histological sections were subjected to immunostaining using primary antibodies for human MMP-2, MMP-9 and CD31 and streptavidin-biotin-immunoperoxidase system. Histomorphometric analyses quantified positivity for MMPs (20 fields per slide, 100 points grade, ×200) and for CD31 (microvessels <50 µm in the area of the highest vascularization, 5 fields per slide, 100 points grade, ×400). Statistical design was composed by non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test (investigating the association between numerical variables and immunostainings), chi-square frequency test (in contingency tables), Fisher's exact test (when at least one expected frequency was less than 5 in 2×2 tables), Kaplan-Meier method (estimated probabilities of overall survival) and Iogrank test (comparison of survival curves), all with a significance level of 5%. There was a statistically significant correlation between immunostaining for MMP-2 and lymph node metastasis. Factors associated negatively with survival were N stage, histopathological grade, perineural invasion and immunostaining for MMP-9. There was no significant association between immunoexpression of CD31 and the other variables. The intensity of immunostaining for MMP-2 can be indicative of metastasis in lymph nodes and for MMP-9 of a lower probability of survival.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a imunoexpressão de MMP-2, MMP-9 e CD31/densidade microvascular em carcinomas espinocelulares de soalho bucal e correlacionar os resultados com variáveis demográficas, de sobrevida, clínicas (estadiamento TNM) e histopatológicas (grau de diferenciação tumoral, invasão perineural, embolização e invasão óssea). Dados de prontuários e de diagnósticos de 41 pacientes foram revisados. Cortes histológicos foram submetidos à imunomarcação usando anticorpos primários para MMP-2, MMP-9 e CD31 humanos e sistema streptoavidina-biotina-imunoperoxidase. Análise histomorfométrica quantificou a positividade para MMPs (20 campos, grade de 100 pontos por lâmina, ×200) e para CD31 (microvasos <50 µm na área de maior vascularização, 5 campos, grade de 100 pontos por lâmina, ×400). O planejamento estatístico foi composto pelo teste não paramétrico U de Mann-Whitney (verificação da associação entre variáveis numéricas e imunomarcações), teste de frequências do qui-quadrado (em tabelas de contingência), teste exato de Fisher (quando pelo menos uma frequência esperada foi menor do que 5 em tabelas 2×2), método de Kaplan-Meier (estimativa de probabilidades de sobrevida global) e teste de Iogrank (comparação das curvas de sobrevida), todos com nível de significância de 5%. Houve correlação estatisticamente significante entre imunomarcação para MMP-2 e metástase em linfonodo. Os fatores relacionados negativamente com a sobrevida foram estadiamento N, gradação histopatológica, invasão perineural e imunomarcação de MMP-9. Não houve associação significativa entre imunoexpressão de CD31 e as demais variáveis. A intensidade de imunomarcação para MMP-2 pode ser indicativa de metástase em linfonodo e para MMP-9 de uma menor probabilidade de sobrevida.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , /metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , /metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/enzymology , /analysis , Chi-Square Distribution , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/blood supply , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/immunology , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphatic Metastasis , Microvessels , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , /analysis , Mouth Floor/blood supply , Mouth Floor/enzymology , Mouth Floor/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/blood supply , Mouth Neoplasms/immunology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 87(5): 709-713, Sept-Oct. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-651562

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide. Our study can provide more knowledge about angiogenic and hypoxic events in leishmaniasis. We attempted to verify whether the HIF-1 α protein expression may be associated to VEGF-A, VEGFR2 and MMP9 in leishmanial lesions. OBJECTIVES: Besides understanding the pathway, we performed the correlation of VEGF-A, VEGFR2 and MMP9 proteins. METHODS: In this study, we gathered 54 paraffin blocks taken from skin lesions in patients from northern Minas Gerais, Brazil, with confirmed diagnosis of tegumentary leishmaniasis. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expression of the proteins. The expression of HIF-1α was categorized into two groups according to the median: HIF-1 α lower and HIF-1 α higher. RESULTS: We observed increase of VEGFR2 and MMP9 protein expressions in HIF-1 α higher group of epithelial cells. Spearman analyses in epithelial cells showed correlation between VEGF-A and MMP9, VEGFR2 and MMP9 protein expression. CONCLUSIONS: HIF-1 α higher group showed increase of VEGFR2 and MMP9 proteins. In epithelial cells, VEGF-A was correlated to MMP9 protein. Furthermore, considering leukocyte cells, VEGFR2 was negatively correlated to MMP9 protein levels. This pathway possibly prepares the cells for a higher activity in a hypoxic or an angiogenic microenvironment. Other in vitro and in vivo studies may clarify the activation mechanism and the response from the proteins HIF-1 α, VEGFR2 and MMP-9 in tegumentary leishmaniasis.


FUNDAMENTOS: A leishmaniose é uma das mais importantes doenças infecciosas em todo o mundo. Em leishmaniose, tem sido sugerido que muitas características da lesão está associado a eventos de hipóxia, podendo este ter um papel fundamental na evolução da doença. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo pode fornecer dados acerca do fenômeno hipóxia e da angiogênese em leishmaniose tegumentar americana. Buscou-se verificar se a expressão da proteína HIF-1 α associa-se à expressão das proteínas VEGF-A, VEGFR2 e MMP9 em lesões de Leishmania sp. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo retrospectivo, foram utilizados 54 blocos de parafina de lesões de leishmaniose tegumentar americana de pacientes do norte de Minas Gerais, Brasil, com diagnóstico confirmado de leishmaniose tegumentar americana. A técnica de imunohistoquimica foi utilizada para avaliação da expressão das proteínas. A expressão da HIF-1α foi categorizada em dois grupos de acordo com a mediana: HIF-1 α abaixo e HIF-1 α acima da mediana. RESULTADOS: Observamos aumento das expressões das proteínas VEGFR2 e MMP9 no grupo HIF-1 α acima da mediana. A análise de Spearman demonstrou correlação entre as proteínas VEGF-A e MMP9, VEGFR2 e MMP9. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados aqui apresentados indicam uma alta expressão da proteína HIF-1 α em LTA. O grupo HIF-1α acima da mediana apresentou maior expressão das proteínas VEGFR2 e MMP9. Foi demonstrada correlação entre as proteínas VEGF-A e MMP9, VEGFR2 e MMP9. Outros estudos in vitro e in vivo devem ser realizados a fim de esclarecer o mecanismo de ativação e resposta das proteínas HIF-1 α, VEGFR2 e MMP-9 em leishmaniose tegumentar americana.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , /metabolism , Biomarkers/analysis , Biomarkers/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , /analysis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164993

ABSTRACT

Previous studies suggested that polymorphisms of proinflammatory cytokine genes are important host genetic factors in Helicobacter pylori infection. The present study evaluated whether IL-8-251 polymorphism affected H. pylori eradication rate and to investigate the effect of H. pylori eradication on angiogenesis and the inflammatory process according to the IL-8-251 polymorphism. A total of 250 H. pylori-positive patients treated by endoscopic resection of the gastric neoplasm were classified into 3 groups (134 H. pylori-eradicated group, 19 H. pylori-eradication failure group, and 97 H. pylori-infected group). H. pylori status, histology, and angiogenic factor levels were evaluated at baseline, 6 months, and 18 months. H. pylori eradication rate was 92.9% in AA genotype, 85.7% in AT genotype and 88.4% in TT genotype (P value = 0.731). Elevated IL-8 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 concentrations in H. pylori-infected gastric mucosa were reversible by successful eradication of H. pylori, independent of the IL-8-251 polymorphism. It is suggested that elevated IL-8 and MMP-9 concentrations in H. pylori-infected gastric mucosa are altered significantly after successful eradication and these conditions continue for 18 months. However, IL-8-251 polymorphism does not affect H. pylori eradication rate and the sequential changes of related angiogenic factors after H. pylori eradication in Koreans.


Subject(s)
Aged , Alleles , Angiopoietin-1/analysis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Asians/genetics , Female , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Genotype , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Interleukin-8/analysis , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Time Factors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-592011

ABSTRACT

La periodontitis apical asintomática (PAa) es una patología infecciosa caracterizada por destrucción ósea perirradicular asociada a un proceso inflamatorio crónico y producción de mediadores inflamatorios, entre los cuales se encuentran las metaloproteinasas de matriz extracelular (MMPs). Entre éstas, las MMPs-13, -14, -2 y -9, son producidas por el tejido óseo y degradan sinérgicamente el colágeno tipo I, principal componente de los tejidos periodontales, y gelatina, producto de la degradación y desnaturación del colágeno. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el patrón de expresión de las MMPs-2, -9, -13 y -14 en granulomas periapicales (GPAs), quistes radiculares inflamatorios (QRIs) y ligamento periodontal sano (LS). Materiales y Métodos: Se seleccionaron 12 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de PAa e indicación de exodoncia a partir de los cuales se obtuvieron biopsias de lesiones periapicales (LPAs). Como controles, se seleccionaron 7 individuos con indicación de exodoncia de premolares por ortodoncia, obteniéndose biopsias de LS. Se efectuó el diagnóstico anátomo-patológico de los especímenes y se caracterizó la expresión de las MMPs en estudio mediante inmunohistoquímica. Resultados: Las MMPs en estudio sólo se detectaron en GPAs y QRIs, y se inmunolocalizaron principalmente en el infiltrado inflamatorio de éstos. Adicionalmente, la MMP-2 se identificó en fibroblastos del tejido conectivo. Conclusiones: MMPs-2, -9, -13 y -14 se expresan predominantemente en el infiltrado inflamatorio de las LPAs y no en LS, y por tanto se sugiere la participación de estos mediadores en la patogénesis de la PAa.


Asymptomatic apical periodontitis (aAP) is an infectious disease characterized by perirradicular bone destruction associated with chronic inflammation and release of inflammatory mediators, such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). MMPs-13, -14 and -2, -9 are bone-expressed enzymes that can synergistically degrade collagen I, the main component of periodontal extracellular matrix, and gelatin, the product of degradation and denaturation of collagen. The aim of this study was to characterize the expression pattern of MMPs-2, -9, -13, and -14 in periapical granulomas (PGs), radicular cysts (RCs) and healthy periodontal ligament (PDL). Materials and Methods: Individuals with clinical diagnosis of aAP and indication of extraction were selected (N=12), and biopsies of periapical lesions (PLs) were obtained. For controls, 7 subjects with indication of premolar extraction for orthodontic reasons were selected, and PDL biopsies were obtained. Samples were diagnosed by anatomopathological examination and immunohistochemical staining was carried out to characterize MMPs expression. Results: MMPs-2, -9, -13 and -14 detection was limited to PLs and were localized mainly to inflammatory infiltrate on both, PGs and RCs. Additionally, MMP-2 was immunolocalized to fibroblasts from the connective tissue. Conclusions: Whereas MMPs-2, -9, -13 and -14 were not detected in healthy periodontal ligament, they were highly expressed on inflammatory infiltrate from PGs and RCs, suggesting a role of these mediators in aAP pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Matrix Metalloproteinases/analysis , Periapical Periodontitis/enzymology , Periapical Tissue/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Extracellular Matrix/enzymology , /analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Periapical Tissue/enzymology
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(1): 53-61, Jan. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-571355

ABSTRACT

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) mediated by oxidative stress causes direct tumor cell damage as well as microvascular injury. To improve this treatment new photosensitizers are being synthesized and tested. We evaluated the effects of PDT with 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-porphyrin (TMPP) and its zinc complex (ZnTMPP) on tumor levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH) and cytokines, and on the activity of caspase-3 and metalloproteases (MMP-2 and -9) and attempted to correlate them with the histological alterations of tumors in 3-month-old male Wistar rats, 180 ± 20 g, bearing Walker 256 carcinosarcoma. Rats were randomly divided into five groups: group 1, ZnTMPP+irradiation (IR) 10 mg/kg body weight; group 2, TMPP+IR 10 mg/kg body weight; group 3, 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA+IR) 250 mg/kg body weight; group 4, control, no treatment; group 5, only IR. The tumors were irradiated for 15 min with red light (100 J/cm², 10 kHz, 685 nm) 24 h after drug administration. Tumor tissue levels of MDA (1.1 ± 0.7 in ZnTMPP vs 0.1 ± 0.04 nmol/mg protein in control) and TNF-α (43.5 ± 31.2 in ZnTMPP vs 17.3 ± 1.2 pg/mg protein in control) were significantly higher in treated tumors than in controls. Higher caspase-3 activity (1.9 ± 0.9 in TMPP vs 1.1 ± 0.6 OD/mg protein in control) as well as the activation of MMP-2 (P < 0.05) were also observed in tumors. These parameters were correlated (Spearman correlation, P < 0.05) with the histological alterations. These results suggest that PDT activates the innate immune system and that the effects of PDT with TMPP and ZnTMPP are mediated by reactive oxygen species, which induce cell membrane damage and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aminolevulinic Acid/therapeutic use , /drug therapy , Metalloporphyrins/therapeutic use , Photochemotherapy/methods , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Porphyrins/therapeutic use , Apoptosis , /metabolism , Glutathione/analysis , Lipid Peroxidation , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , /analysis , Oxidative Stress , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis
18.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Caracas) ; 33(1): 6-10, jun. 2010. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-631573

ABSTRACT

Los niveles séricos de la metaloproteinasa (MMP) 9, enzima involucrada en inflamación, y su contraparte, el inhibidor tisular de la metaloproteinasas tipo 1 (TIMP-1), se encuentran significativamente (P < 0,01) incrementados en pacientes con asma o con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) en comparación con los grupos control del mismo rango etario. El incremento de ambos parámetros se hace más significativo en los pacientes severos de ambos grupos (P < 0,0001) y particularmente en los pacientes con EPOC severo en comparación con los asmáticos severos (P < 0,01). El incremento en los niveles séricos de MMP-9 en relación con severidad es mayor que lo observado para TIMP-1 en ambas patologías. Se concluye que los niveles séricos de MMP-9 y TIMP-1 pueden ser un marcador importante para determinar severidad en estas enfermedades


Serum levels of metalloproteinase (MMP) 9, an enzyme involved in inflammation, and its counterpart, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases type 1 (TIMP-1) are significantly (P < 0.01) increased in patients with asthma or with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as compared with controls of the same age. The increase in both parameters is more significant (P < 0.0001) in severe patients of both groups, and particularly in patients with severe COPD as compared to severe asthmatics (P < 0.01). The increase in serum MMP-9 levels in relation with severity is higher than the observed values for TIMP-1 in both diseases. It is concluded that serum levels of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 may be important markers to establish severity in these diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Asthma/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 56(4): 472-477, 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-557330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study intends to verify the expression levels and correlation of aromatase, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and CD44 in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) when both are found in the same breast. METHODS: One hundred and ten cases were evaluated by tissue microarray (TMA) and immunohistochemically screened with anti-aromatase polyclonal antibodies, anti-MMP-2 monoclonal antibodies, anti-MMP-9 policlonal antibodies and anti-CD44 monoclonal antibodies. RESULTS: Aromatase was expressed in IDC and DCIS in 63 (57.3 percent) and 60 (67 percent) of the cases respectively; MMP-2 was similarly expressed in IDC and DCIS in 15 (13.60 percent) cases; MMP-9 was positively expressed in IDC and DCIS in 83 (75.50 percent) and 82 (74.50 percent) cases, respectively; CD44 was positively expressed in IDC and DCIS in 49 (44.50 percent) and 48 (42.60 percent) of the cases, respectively; all of them were highly correlated (p<0,001). The correlation analysis found positive, statistically significant correlation, in IDC between aromatase and MMP-2 (p<0.001) and between aromatase and MMP-9 (p=0.034). Positive correlation between aromatase and MMP-2 (p<0.001) and between MMP-9 and CD44 (p=0.030) were found in DCIS. CONCLUSION: These results allow us to conclude that aromatase through local estrogen synthesis in breast tissue plays an important role in breast carcinogenesis, mainly influencing MMP-2 and MMP-9 which are important participants in tumor cell invasion and dependence of their connection to CD44 for action.


OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo é verificar as expressões e correlações da aromatase, metalloproteinase 2 da matriz (MMP2), metalloproteinase 9 da matriz (MMP-9) e CD44 no carcinoma ductal in situ (CDIS) e carcinoma ductal infiltrativo (CDI) quando ambos estão presentes simultaneamente na mesma mama. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 110 casos pelo método de tissue microarray (TMA) e através da utilização de anticorpos policlonais antiaromatase, anticorpos monoclonais anti-MMP-2, anticorpos policlonais anti-MMP-9 e anticorpos monoclonais anti-CD44. RESULTADOS: A aromatase estava expressa de forma positiva no CDI e CDIS em 63 (57,3 por cento) e 60 (67 por cento) casos, respectivamente. A expressão de MMP-2 estava expressa de forma positiva em 15 (13,6 por cento) casos tanto no CDI, quanto no CDIS. A expressão da MMP-9 estava expressa de forma positiva em 83 (75,5 por cento) e 82 (74,5 por cento) casos de CDI e CDIS, respectivamente. A expressão de CD44 estava expressa de forma positiva em 49 (44,5 por cento) e 48 (42,6 por cento) casos de CDI e CDIS, respectivamente. Todos eles apresentando alta correlação (p<0,001). Na avaliação de correlação foi encontrada correlação positiva estatisticamente significante no CDI entre aromatase e MMP-2 (p<0,01) e entre aromatase e MMP-9 (p=0,034). Nos casos de CDIS houve correlação positiva estatisticamente significante entre aromatase e MMP-2 (p<0,001) e entre CD44 e MMP-9 (p=0,030). CONCLUSÃO: Após analisarmos os resultados de nosso estudo, podemos concluir que a aromatase, através da síntese de estrogênio local no tecido mamário, desempenha importante papel na carcinogênese mamária, principalmente influenciando a atuação da MMP-2 e da MMP-9, grandes responsáveis pela invasão celular tumoral que, por sua vez, provavelmente dependem de sua ligação a CD44 para poder desempenhar suas funções.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Carcinoma in Situ/metabolism , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , /analysis , /metabolism , Aromatase/analysis , Aromatase/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , /analysis , /metabolism
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