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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 139-151, Apr.-June 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514434


Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) refers to a growth disorder characterized by glycoprotein neoplasm in the peritoneum, where mucin oversecretion occurs. The tumors of the appendix region are well associated with PMP; however, ovarian, colon, stomach, pancreas, and urachus tumors have also been linked to PMP. Other mucinous tumors in the pelvis, paracolic gutters, greater omentum, retrohepatic space, and Treitz ligament can be the reason for PMP. Despite being rare and having a slow growth rate, PMP can be lethal without treatment. It is treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with the option of cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. In the current study, we hypothesize that there may be novel gentle ways to inhibit or eliminate the mucin. Dr. David Morris has used mucolytics - such as bromelain and N-acetyl cysteine to solubilize mucin. In the present review, we aimed to study the regulation of mucin expression by promoter methylation, and drugs that can inhibit mucin, such as boldine, amiloride, naltrexone, dexamethasone, and retinoid acid receptors antagonist. This review also explored some possible pathways, such as inhibition of Na + , Ca2+ channels and induction of DNA methyltransferase along with inhibition of ten-eleven translocation enzymes, which can be good targets to control mucin. Mucins are strong adhesive molecules that play great roles in clinging to cells or cell to cell. Besides, they have been greatly involved in metastasis and also act as disease markers for cancers. Diagnostic markers may have exclusive roles in disease initiation and progression. Therefore, the present review explores various drugs to control and target mucin in various diseases, specifically cancers. (AU)

Pseudomyxoma Peritonei/drug therapy , Aporphines/therapeutic use , Retinoids/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Calcium , Amiloride/therapeutic use , Methylation/drug effects , Mucins/drug effects , Naltrexone/therapeutic use
Protein & Cell ; (12): 87-104, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971615


The larval stages of the cestode parasites belonging to the genus Echinococcus grow within internal organs of humans and a range of animal species. The resulting diseases, collectively termed echinococcoses, include major neglected tropical diseases of humans and livestock. Echinococcus larvae are outwardly protected by the laminated layer (LL), an acellular structure that is unique to this genus. The LL is based on a fibrillar meshwork made up of mucins, which are decorated by galactose-rich O-glycans. In addition, in the species cluster termed E. granulosus sensu lato, the LL features nano-deposits of the calcium salt of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (Insp6). The main purpose of our article is to update the immunobiology of the LL. Major recent advances in this area are (i) the demonstration of LL "debris" at the infection site and draining lymph nodes, (ii) the characterization of the decoy activity of calcium Insp6 with respect to complement, (iii) the evidence that the LL mucin carbohydrates interact specifically with a lectin receptor expressed in Kupffer cells (Clec4F), and (iv) the characterization of what appear to be receptor-independent effects of LL particles on dendritic cells and macrophages. Much information is missing on the immunology of this intriguing structure: we discuss gaps in knowledge and propose possible avenues for research.

Animals , Calcium , Echinococcosis/parasitology , Echinococcus/immunology , Echinococcus granulosus/immunology , Mucins
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-6, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1436276


Objective: Evaluate the protective effect of artificial saliva formulations associated or not with mucin on dentin. Materials and Methods: Bovine dentin specimens were randomly allocated to 10 groups (n = 20) according to the artificial saliva tested and the presence or absence of mucin: Amaechi et al. (1998); Klimek et al. (1982); Vieira et al. (2005) and Eisenburger et al. (2001) and deionized water (control). Samples were submitted to an erosive cycle consisting of two immersions of 120 min in the saliva, followed by 1 min in hydrochloric acid solution, and new storage in saliva for 120 min. Surface loss (µm) was measured before and after the cycle. Data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). Results: A significant difference was observed for the saliva formulation but not for the presence of mucin. The deionized water provided the highest surface loss and the Eisenburger's saliva formulation the lowest. The groups testing the Amaechi, Klimek, and Vieira saliva did not present significant differences. Conclusion: Eisenburger's saliva formulation provides a higher protective effect against dentin erosion. The presence of mucin did not increase the erosion-preventive effect of artificial saliva formulations. (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito protetor de formulações de saliva artificial associadas ou não à mucina sobre a dentina submetida a erosão. Material e Métodos: Espécimes de dentina bovina foram alocados em 10 grupos (n = 20) de acordo com a saliva testada e a presença ou ausência de mucina: . Amaechi et al. (1998); Klimek et al. (1982); Vieira e cols. (2005), Eisenburger et al (2001) e agua deionizada (controle). As amostras foram submetidas a um ciclo erosivo composto por duas imersões de 120 min na saliva, seguidas de 1 min em solução de ácido clorídrico e novo armazenamento na saliva por 120 min. A perda de superfície (µm) foi medida antes e depois do ciclo. Os dados foram analisados usando ANOVA 2 fatores e teste de Tukey (p <0,05). Resultados: Foi observada diferença significativa para a formulação de saliva, mas não para a presença de mucina. A água deionizada proporcionou a maior perda de superfície e a formulação de saliva de Eisenburger a menor. Os grupos que testaram a saliva Amaechi, Klimek e Vieira não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre si. Conclusão: A formulação de saliva de Eisenburger fornece o maior efeito protetor contra a erosão dentinária e a presença de mucina não aumentou o efeito preventivo de erosão de formulações de saliva artificial (AU).

Saliva, Artificial , Tooth Erosion , Tooth Wear , Mucins
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927878


Mucins,a family of heavily glycosylated proteins,present mainly in epithelial cells.They function as essential barriers for epithelium and play important roles in cellular physiological processes.Aberrant expression and glycosylation of mucins in gastric epithelium occur at pathological conditions,such as Helicobacter pylori infection,chronic atrophic gastritis,intestinal metastasis,dysplasia,and gastric cancer.This review addresses the major roles played by mucins and associated O-glycan structures in normal gastric epithelium.Further,we expound the alterations of expression patterns and glycan signatures of mucins at those pathological conditions.

Humans , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Glycosylation , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/metabolism , Mucins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 915-919, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405230


SUMMARY: The mucous substances of the stomach in mammals are important not only for the protection of the gastric epithelium from the acid environment and grinding actions, but it facilitates some other functions of the stomach such as antibacterial, antimetastatic, and immunological roles. The goal of the study is to highlight the distribution of mucin-secreting cells in the gastric mucosa in domestic rabbits, including the type of mucus synthesized. The gastric samples collected from ten individual rabbits were fixed in 10 % buffered formalin and underwent later standard paraffin tissue sample processing, which included dehydration, clarification, and embedding in paraffin. The tissue sections were eventually stained histochemically by PAS reaction and by Alcian blue method (pH 2.5) for neutral and acidic mucins detection, respectively. The quantification of mucins in the cytoplasm of mucus-secreting cells was performed by grading the gastric tissue samples from negative (-) to intensely positive (++). The mucus elaboration was observed in all the regions of the stomach (i.e., cardial, fundic, and pyloric regions), but only for the neutral mucin. The acidic mucin synthesis occurred only in the secretory units of the gastric glands from the cardial region in the stomach. Pyloric glands synthesized the largest amounts of neutral mucins, followed by moderate amounts elaborated by cardial glands, while the fundic region does not synthesize it at all. The description of new microscopic features of the stomach in rabbits is fundamental not only for comprehending species-related physiological features but gastric pathological processes.

RESUMEN: Las sustancias mucosas del estómago en los mamíferos son importantes no solo para la protección del epitelio gástrico del ambiente ácido y las acciones de trituración, sino que facilitan además otras funciones del estómago, como son las funciones antibacterianas, antimetastásicas e inmunológicas. El objetivo del estudio fue resaltar la distribución de las células secretoras de mucina en la mucosa gástrica de conejos domésticos, incluido el tipo de moco sintetizado. Las muestras gástricas recolectadas de diez conejos se fijaron en formalina tamponada al 10 % y se sometieron a un procesamiento que incluyó deshidratación, clarificación e inclusión en parafina. Las secciones de tejido finalmente se tiñeron histoquímicamente mediante la reacción de PAS y el método del azul de Alcian (pH 2,5) para la detección de mucinas neutras y ácidas, respectivamente. La cuantificación de mucinas en el citoplasma de las células secretoras de moco se realizó clasificando las muestras de tejido gástrico desde negativas (-) hasta intensamente positivas (++). La elaboración de moco se observó en todas las regiones del estómago (es decir, cardias, fúndica y pilórica), pero solo para la mucina neutra. La síntesis de mucina ácida ocurrió solo en las unidades secretoras de las glándulas gástricas de la región correspondiente al cardias del estómago. Las glándulas pilóricas sintetizaron la mayor cantidad de mucinas neutras, seguidas de cantidades moderadas elaboradas por las glándulas cardiales, mientras que la región fúndica no las sintetizó en abso- luto. La descripción de nuevas características microscópicas del estómago en conejos es fundamental no solo para comprender las características fisiológicas relacionadas con las especies sino también para entender los procesos patológicos gástricos.

Animals , Rabbits , Stomach , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Mucins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 264-269, sept.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348067


Introducción: La mucina salival (Ms) modula otras proteínas salivales que participan en múltiples funciones fisiológicas de la cavidad oral. Los niveles de Ms pueden proporcionar información sobre el estado de inflamación de los tejidos periodontales. Por tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar los niveles Ms en pacientes obesos y no obesos, antes y después del tratamiento periodontal. Material y métodos: Un total de 60 pacientes fueron distribuidos en seis grupos, de acuerdo al índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la gravedad de la enfermedad periodontal (EP). Valores del IMC superiores a 27 correspondían a obesidad. La EP en el momento del diagnóstico se designó como leve, moderada o severa. Se recolectaron muestras de saliva completa, antes (MU-A) y después (MU-D) del tratamiento periodontal. Se evaluaron los niveles de Ms utilizando el método de Azul Alcian. Los resultados se analizaron con el Software InfoStat, mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: Los valores de MU-A fueron superiores a los contenidos de MU-D (p < 0.0001). Las variaciones entre los pacientes no obesos y obesos fueron mínimas. A medida que aumentó el nivel de la EP, las variables MU-A y MU-D mostraron una disminución progresiva (p = 0.0032). Conclusiones: El nivel de Ms fue mayor en la saliva de los pacientes con EP no tratada. Ms se puede utilizar como marcador inflamatorio para la detección de EP (AU)

Introduction: Salivary mucin (sM) modulates other salivary proteins that participate in multiple physiological functions of the oral cavity. sM levels can provide information on the state of inflammation of the periodontium. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate sM levels in obese and non-obese patients, before and after periodontal treatment. Material and methods: A total of 60 patients were distributed into six groups, according to the body mass index (BMI) and the severity of the periodontal disease (PD). BMI values higher than 27 corresponded to obesity. PD at the time of diagnosis was designated as mild, moderate, or severe. Complete saliva samples were collected before (MU-B) and after (MU-A) the periodontal treatment. sM levels were evaluated using the Alcian Blue method. The results were analyzed with the InfoStat Software, using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: MU-B values were higher than MU-A contents (p < 0.0001). Variations between non-obese and obese patients were minimal. As the level of PD increased, the variables MU-A and MU-D showed a progressive decrease (p = 0.0032). Conclusions: The level of sM was higher in the saliva of patients with untreated PD. sM can be used as an inflammatory marker for the detection of PD (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases , Saliva , Mucins/analysis , Obesity/complications , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Biomarkers , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Alcian Blue , Controlled Before-After Studies
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 20-25, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223204


La enfermedad periodontal (EP) es una patología que afecta principalmente los tejidos que rodean a la pieza dentaria (PD) y se caracteriza, en la mayoría de los casos, por una exposición bacteriana que favorece una respuesta destructiva e inflamatoria del huésped, que conduce a la pérdida de inserción periodontal de la PD, provocando una marcada reabsorción ósea y la posible pérdida de las PD. El diagnóstico de EP implica evaluaciones clínicas y radiográficas, en la actualidad se están realizando diversas investigaciones para evaluar posibles compuestos en los fluidos orales a través de lo cual puede ser posible evaluar la presencia y gravedad de estas enfermedades, como así también el riesgo en los pacientes. Hay evidencias de la interacción de macromoléculas salivales, como las mucinas, con microorganismos específicos. De esta manera las mucinas, junto con otros productos de la saliva, ayudan a modular tanto el número como el tipo de proliferación de ciertos organismos y provocar la disminución de otros. La revisión de la literatura actual concluye que las mucinas salivales pueden servir como un parámetro bioquímico de la inflamación del periodonto (AU)

Periodontal disease (PD) is a pathology that mainly affects the tissues surrounding the tooth (PD) and is characterized, in most cases, by a bacterial exposure that favors a destructive and inflammatory response of the host, which leads to the loss of periodontal insertion of the PD, causing a marked bone resorption and the possible loss of the PD. The diagnosis of PD involves clinical and radiographic evaluations, at present several investigations are being carried out to evaluate possible compounds in oral fluids through which it may be possible to evaluate the presence and severity of these diseases, as well as the risk in patients. There is evidence of the interaction of salivary macromolecules, such as mucins, with specific microorganisms. In this way, mucins, together with other saliva products, help modulate both the number and type of proliferation of certain organisms and cause the decrease of others. The review of the current literature concludes that salivary mucins can serve as a biochemical parameter of inflammation of the periodontium (AU)

Humans , Periodontal Diseases , Biomarkers , Mucins/physiology , Saliva/immunology , Salivary Proteins and Peptides/physiology , Periodontium/physiopathology , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Inflammation Mediators/physiology
Odontoestomatol ; 23(38): e206, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY-Odon, BNUY | ID: biblio-1340272


Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar la relación entre la concentración de mucina salival y la enfermedad periodontal. La muestra se dividió en tres grupos de 20 individuos cada uno: Grupo 1 sin enfermedad periodontal; Grupo 2 con gingivitis; y Grupo 3 con periodontitis. En todas las muestras salivales se confirmó la presencia de mucina, el Grupo 1 presentó un valor promedio de 1,27 mg/ml. En el Grupo 2 se registró un promedio de 1,93 mg/ml. En el Grupo 3 se observó un promedio de 3,01 mg/ml. El Análisis de la Variancia y posterior prueba de F (F = 25,01, p < 0,0001) confirman diferencias significativas en los contenidos de mucina entre grupos. El aumento de la concentración de mucina salival en pacientes periodontales podría representar un marcador químico de utilidad como coadyuvante en el diagnóstico clínico de esta enfermedad.

Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a relação entre a concentração de mucina salivar e a doença periodontal. A amostra foi dividida em três grupos de 20 indivíduos cada: Grupo 1 sem doença periodontal; Grupo 2 com gengivite; e Grupo 3 com periodontite. Em todas as amostras salivares foi confirmada a presença de mucina, o Grupo 1 apresentou valor médio de 1,27 mg / ml. No Grupo 2, foi registrada uma média de 1,93 mg / ml. No Grupo 3 foi observada uma média de 3,01 mg / ml. A Análise de Variância e o teste F subsequente (F = 25,01, p <0,0001) confirmam diferenças significativas nos conteúdos de mucina entre os grupos. O aumento da concentração de mucina salivar em pacientes periodontais pode representar um marcador químico útil como adjuvante no diagnóstico clínico desta doença.

Abstract This work aimed to study the relationship between salivary mucin concentration and periodontal disease. The sample was divided into three groups of 20 individuals each: Group 1 with no periodontal disease, Group 2 with gingivitis, and Group 3 with periodontitis. Mucin was detected in all the saliva samples. Group 1 had an average value of 1.27 mg/ml. Group 2 had an average value of 1.93 mg/ml. Group 3 had an average value of 3.01 mg/ml. The analysis of variance and subsequent F test (F = 25.01, p < 0.0001) confirmed significant differences in mucin content between the groups. Increased salivary mucin concentration in periodontal patients could be a useful chemical marker for the clinical diagnosis of periodontal disease.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Saliva/chemistry , Salivary Proteins and Peptides/analysis , Gingivitis/diagnosis , Mucins/analysis , Periodontitis/metabolism , Saliva/metabolism , Biomarkers , Analysis of Variance , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Gingivitis/metabolism
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 52(2): 89-99, Marzo 18, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125741


Resumen Introducción: El síndrome de ojo seco es una enfermedad en la que se generan signos y síntomas que conducen a alteraciones oculares prolongadas, por lo tanto, es relevante establecer con precisión la etiología de la enfermedad con la finalidad de establecer el tratamiento más efectivo, de allí, la importancia del desarrollo de exámenes innovadores como son los biomarcadores, los cuales permiten identificar con mayor precisión el cuadro clínico. Por esta razón, el presente trabajo pretende describir los principales avances de los biomarcadores de la superficie ocular y reconocer su aplicación clínica para el diagnóstico de ojo seco entre los años 2013 a 2018. Metodología: Se analizó literatura sobre biomarcadores empleados para el diagnóstico del ojo seco, mediante una revisión sistemática tipo narrativa de 2013 a 2018 por medio de los descriptores controlados "Dry Eye Syndrome" "biomarkers" "tear proteins" "eye proteins" seleccionados en DeCS y Pubmed; la búsqueda arrojó 48 estudios, de los cuales seleccionamos 21 para el análisis. Resultados: Son diversas las proteínas lagrimales que pueden ser relacionadas con la presencia y ausencia de la enfermedad, es vital que los biomarcadores sean valorados como una herramienta alternativa para diagnosticar con facilidad y precisión la enfermedad del ojo seco. Discusión: Los biomarcadores permiten reconocer los procesos patógenos y biológicos del síndrome de ojo seco, al reflejar el estado de la superficie ocular en presencia o ausencia de signos y síntomas, facilitando el diagnóstico precoz, seguimiento, tratamiento y control de la enfermedad.

Abstract Introduction: Dry eye syndrome is a disease in which signs and symptoms that lead to prolonged ocular alterations occur, therefore, it is relevant to accurately establish the etiology of the disease with the configuration of establishing the most effective treatment, hence the development of innovative exams such as biomarkers selected with greater precision the clinical picture. For this reason, the present work aims to describe the main advances of biomarkers of the ocular surface and to recognize their clinical application for the diagnosis of dry eye between 2013 and 2018. Metodology: Literature on biomarkers used for the diagnosis of dry eye was analyzed, by means of a systematic narrative review from 2013 to 2018 by means of the controlled descriptors "Dry Eye Syndrome" "biomarkers" "tear proteins" "eye proteins" selected in DeCS and Pubmed; The search yielded 48 studies and 21 studies were selected for the analysis. Results: There are several tear proteins that can be related to the presence and absence of the disease, it is vital that biomarkers are evaluated as an alternative tool to easily and accurately diagnose dry eye disease. Discussion: Biomarkers allow to recognize the pathogenic and biological processes of dry eye syndrome, reflecting the state of the ocular surface in the presence or absence of signs and symptoms, facilitating early diagnosis, monitoring, treatment and control of the disease.

Humans , Biomarkers , Dry Eye Syndromes , Cytokines , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Lacrimal Apparatus , Mucins
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811109


PURPOSE: Appendiceal tumoral lesions can occur as benign, malignant, or borderline disease. Determination of the extent of surgery through accurate diagnosis is important in these tumoral lesions. In this study, we assessed the accuracy of preoperative CT and identified the factors affecting diagnosis.METHODS: Patients diagnosed or strongly suspected from July 2016 to June 2019 with appendiceal mucocele or mucinous neoplasm using abdominal CT were included in the study. All the patients underwent single-incision laparoscopic cecectomy with the margin of cecum secured at least 2 cm from the appendiceal base. To compare blood test results and CT findings, the patients were divided into a mucinous and a nonmucinous group according to pathology.RESULTS: The total number of patients included in this study was 54 and biopsy confirmed appendiceal mucinous neoplasms in 39 of them. With CT, the accuracy of diagnosis was 89.7%. The mean age of the mucinous group was greater than that of the nonmucinous group (P = 0.035). CT showed that the maximum diameter of appendiceal tumor in the mucinous group was greater than that in the nonmucinous group (P < 0.001). Calcification was found only in the appendix of patients in the mucinous group (P = 0.012). Multivariate analysis revealed that lager tumor diameter was a factor of diagnosis for appendiceal mucinous neoplasm.CONCLUSION: The accuracy of preoperative diagnosis of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms in this study was 89.7%. Blood test results did not provide differential diagnosis, and the larger the diameter of appendiceal tumor on CT, the more accurate the diagnosis.

Humans , Appendix , Biopsy , Cecum , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Hematologic Tests , Mucins , Mucocele , Multivariate Analysis , Pathology , Prospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762462


BACKGROUND: JL1, a CD43 epitope and mucin family cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed on leukemic cells. An anti-JL1 antibody combined with a toxic substance can have targeted therapeutic effects against JL1-positive leukemia; however, JL1 expression on bone marrow (BM) lymphoma cells has not been assessed using flow cytometry. We investigated JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells from patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) to assess the potential of JL1 as a therapeutic target. METHODS: Patients with BM involvement of mature B-cell (N=44) or T- and natural killer (NK)-cell (N=4) lymphomas were enrolled from May 2015 to September 2016. JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells was investigated using flow cytometry. Clinical, pathological, and cytogenetic characteristics, and treatment responses were compared according to JL1 expression status. RESULTS: Of the patients with NHL and BM involvement, 37.5% (18/48) were JL1-positive. Among mature B-cell lymphomas, 100%, 38.9%, 33.3%, 100%, and 25.0% of Burkitt lymphomas, diffuse large B-cell leukemias, mantle cell leukemias, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, and other B-cell lymphomas, respectively, were JL1-positive. Three mature T- and NK-cell NHLs were JL1-positive. JL1 expression was associated with age (P=0.045), complete response (P=0.004), and BM involvement at follow-up (P=0.017), but not with sex, performance status, the B symptoms, packed marrow pattern, cytogenetic abnormalities, or survival. CONCLUSIONS: JL1 positivity was associated with superior complete response and less BM involvement in NHL following chemotherapy.

Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Bone Marrow , Burkitt Lymphoma , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetics , Drug Therapy , Flow Cytometry , Follow-Up Studies , Leukemia , Leukemia, B-Cell , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Membrane Glycoproteins , Mucins , Therapeutic Uses , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 462-469, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038307


Abstract: Cutaneous mucinoses are a heterogeneous group of dermatoses in which excess deposition of mucin in the dermis gives the skin a waxy appearance, with papules and plaques that can vary from self-healing mucinosis to even disrupting the normal shape of a patient's face, conferring a leonine facies, or be part of life threatening diseases like scleromyxedema. This review will describe the most recent classification on lichen myxedematosus in the generalized (scleromyxedema) and the localized forms, as well as the different organ systems involved in scleromyxedema, diagnostic workup, current management, and prognosis.

Humans , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/pathology , Scleromyxedema/diagnosis , Scleromyxedema/pathology , Skin/pathology , Skin Diseases/classification , Skin Diseases/therapy , Scleromyxedema/classification , Scleromyxedema/therapy , Fibroblasts/pathology , Mucins
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 334-336, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011112


Abstract: Cutaneous mucinoses are a complex and diverse group of connective tissue disorders characterized by the accumulation of mucin and/or glycosaminoglycan in the skin and adnexa. Cutaneous focal mucinosis appears as a solitary, asymptomatic, skin-colored to white papule, nodule, or plaque located anywhere on the body or in the oral cavity. It presents mainly in adults and is characterized on histopathology by mucin throughout the upper and mid dermis. We describe the dermoscopy of two cases of cutaneous focal mucinosis. Both lesions presented a nonspecific homogenous whitish pattern; the first case also exhibited a sharply demarcated yellow border.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/pathology , Mucinoses/pathology , Dermoscopy , Glycosaminoglycans , Mucins
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962584


Background@#Collision tumors are defined by the co-existence of two or more tumors in the same or adjacent organs which are topographically and histologically distinct with minimal or no histological admixture. Collision tumors are rare but some have been reported in other organs, as well as the female genital tract. @*Objectives@#To define and explain the pathogenesis, histogenesis and management; as well as present previously reported collision tumors in different countries as well as in our local setting. @*Clinical case@#This is a rare case of a 68-year-old nulligravid who complained of postmenopausal bleeding. Imaging studies revealed a uterine mass. Differential diagnosis non-neoplastic conditions and benign and malignant neoplasms. Radical Modified hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with frozen section and complete staging was performed. Histopathology revealed a coexistence of a colloid carcinoma of the cervix and endometrial adenocarcinoma. @*Conclusion@#Collision Tumors are infrequent neoplasias, there are few reports about them in medical literature. Colloid carcinoma of the cervix is a rare subtype and few studies are reported in literature. Their prognosis is unknown since there are no previous similar cases. Colloid carcinomas present a histologic as well as clinical dilemma. Their histogenetic origin remains controversial and their rarity precludes determination of the best treatment options to improve survival outcomes.

Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Mucins , Neoplasms
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900610, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019268


Abstract Purpose To identify whether the colon mucosa is affected by ten days of gastric restriction in an animal model. Methods An experimental model of gastric restriction was devised using rats. The animals were submitted to surgical gastrostomy, and a cylindrical loofah was inserted into the stomach. We studied 30 adult male Wistar rats divided into three groups: the stomach restriction group (R10); the sham group (S10), which underwent the same procedure except for the loofah insertion; and the control group (C10). The expression of neutral and acid mucins was evaluated using histochemical techniques. Goblet cells and protein content were compared between groups using generalized estimation equations (GEEs). Bonferroni's multiple comparison was applied to identify differences between the groups. All tests considered a 5% significance level. Results There was an increased expression of neutral mucins, acid mucins and goblet cells in the R10 group. Collagen was also enhanced in the R10 group. Conclusion The colon mucosa is affected by ten days of gastric restriction in an animal model, increasing neutral mucins, acid mucins and collagen content with trophic maintenance.

Animals , Male , Rats , Food Deprivation , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Mucins/metabolism , Time Factors , Gastrostomy , Rats, Wistar , Colon , Models, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719325


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mucin is an important component of mucus that performs the first line of defense against inhaled pathogens and particles, lubrication of organs, and protection of airway. It is hyper-secreted in inflammatory airway diseases and is associated with morbidity and mortality of the affected patients. Resolvin, an autacoid of a specific lipid structure, exhibits anti-inflammatory property against inflammatory airway diseases although its effects on mucin secretion by human airway epithelial cells have not yet been demonstrated. In this regard, we investigated the effects of Resolvin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mucin expression in human airway epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHOD: In mucin-producing human NCI-H292 epithelial cells, the effects and brief signaling pathways of Resolvin D1 (RvD1) and Resolvin E1 (RvE1) on the LPS-induced MUC4, MUC5AC, and MUC5B expression were investigated using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: RvD1 attenuated LPS-induced MUC4, MUC5AC, and MUC5B mRNA expression and protein production in human NCI-H292 cells while RvE1 did not. RvD1 significantly blocked LPS-induced activated phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and p38 MAPK and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) while RvE1 did not. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that RvD1 attenuates LPS-induced MUC4, MUC5AC, and MUC5B expressions via ERK1/2 MAPK, p38 MAPK, and NF-κB signaling pathways in airway epithelial cells. Therefore, RvD1 may modulate the control of mucus-hypersecretion in inflammatory airway diseases.

Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Lubrication , Methods , Mortality , Mucins , Mucus , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Protein Kinases , RNA, Messenger
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 588-597, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785665


BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the predictive value of localized stenosis of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) for early detection of pancreatic cancer.METHODS: Among 689 patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde pancreatography from January 2008 to September 2018, 19 patients with MPD findings were enrolled. These patients showed findings for indicating suspicious pancreatic cancer at an early stage (FiCE); FiCE was defined as a single, localized stenosis in the MPD without a detectable mass (using any other imaging methods) and without other pancreatic diseases, such as definite chronic pancreatitis, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, and autoimmune pancreatitis. Final diagnoses were established by examining resected specimens or through follow-up examinations after an interval of >5 years.RESULTS: Among 19 patients with FiCE, 11 underwent surgical resection and 8 were evaluated after a >5-year observation period. The final diagnosis of the MPD stenosis was judged to be pancreatic cancer in 9 patients (47%), including 3 with intraepithelial cancer, and to be a non-neoplastic change in 10. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of preoperative pancreatic juice cytology were 75%, 100%, and 88%, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: The predictive value of FiCE for pancreatic cancer prevalence was 47%. Histological confirmation with pancreatic juice cytology is necessary before surgical resection.

Humans , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Mucins , Pancreatic Diseases , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatic Juice , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Prevalence , Sensitivity and Specificity
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788063


PURPOSE: Although laparoscopic surgery is widely accepted in the treatment of colorectal cancer, conversion to open surgery is associated with the rate of unfavorable outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with open conversion from laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer.METHODS: A total of 3,002 patients who underwent laparoscopic colectomy as an initial plan for the treatment of colorectal cancer located from the sigmoid colon to the rectum were retrospectively evaluated between January 2009 and December 2018 at Samsung Medical Center in Korea. Risk factors significantly associated with open conversion were determined using univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: Among the 3,002 patients, open conversion was performed in 120 patients (4%). Age >60 years (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.370), preoperative bowel obstruction (AOR, 2.348), clinical T4 stage (AOR, 2.201), and serum carcinoembryonic antigen level >5 ng/mL (AOR, 2.289) were significantly associated with open conversion. Moreover, mucinous carcinoma was a significantly more frequent histopathologic type than adenocarcinoma (10.0% vs. 3.2%, P<0.001) in the open conversion group with an AOR of 2.549 (confidence interval, 1.259–5.159; P=0.009).CONCLUSION: The present study presented a novel finding, i.e. mucinous carcinoma as the histopathologic type could be an independent predictive factor for conversion from laparoscopic colectomy to open surgery. Identifying patients with mucinous carcinoma will help stratify the risk of open conversion preoperatively.

Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Colectomy , Colon, Sigmoid , Colorectal Neoplasms , Conversion to Open Surgery , Korea , Laparoscopy , Mucins , Odds Ratio , Rectum , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788050


PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between body composition and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).METHODS: This retrospective study included 110 patients who underwent anthropometric measurement by bioelectrical impedance analysis before surgical treatment for CRC between May 2015 and June 2018.RESULTS: According to PLR, 45 patients (40.9%) had low PLR (PLR<150), and 65 patients (59.1%) had high PLR (PLR≥150). Serum hemoglobin (P<0.001) and albumin levels (P=0.021) were significantly lower in high PLR group. Tumor mass diameter was significantly larger in high PLR group (P=0.048) and the proportion of poorly differentiated or mucinous tumors was significantly higher in high PLR group (P=0.037). All indices related to fat (body fat mass, percent body fat, body fat mass of trunk, visceral fat area, fat mass index, measured fat thickness of abdomen) and two indices related to muscle (arm muscle circumference, measured muscle circumference of abdomen) were significantly lower in high PLR group (P<0.05). According to subgroup analysis based on the sex, all indices significantly differed between PLR groups; however, in females no index was significantly different between PLR groups.CONCLUSION: Body composition indices including fat and muscle indices measured by InBody 770 were related to PLR in CRC, especially in male patients. These results suggest that low muscle and fat indices may be related to poor prognosis of CRC.

Female , Humans , Male , Adipose Tissue , Body Composition , Colorectal Neoplasms , Electric Impedance , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Mucins , Nutrition Assessment , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787528


Hamartomas are non-neoplastic malformations or congenital errors of tissue development. Hamartoma is composed by an excessive growth of mature tissue present in wrong proportions and abnormal arrangements. The lesion usually presents as a submucosal mass with ill-defined margins. Hamartoma occurs in all areas of the body, especially in the liver, spleen, kidney and lung. However, hamartoma is very rare in the head and neck. Presenting symptoms of hamartoma are typically vague and nonspecific. Treatment of hamartomas consists of adequate surgical excision. We present a 59 year-old male patient who presented with submental swelling. Malignancy could not be ruled out with preoperative radiologic examination, so surgical excision was planned. The mass was excised with transcervical approach. Histopathologic examination has confirmed the mass as a mucinous gland adenomatoid hamartoma.

Humans , Male , Hamartoma , Head , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Mucins , Neck , Spleen