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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 14-26, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339330

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study investigated the relationship between genetic polymorphisms and the development of oral mucositis in pediatric patients undergoing chemotherapy involving methotrexate. A longitudinal study was conducted with 64 patients, and oral mucositis was evaluated by the modified Oral Assessment Guide, which aims to diagnose and classify oral mucositis. Epithelial cells were obtained by mouthwash and DNA was extracted. The polymorphisms MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) and ABCG2 (rs2231142) were analyzed by PCR-RFLP method. Demographic, hematological and biochemical data were collected from medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS software adopting a p-value of 0.05. Male sex predominated (56.2%), and the mean age was 10.8 years (± 4.9). Oral mucositis affected 65.6% of the patients, of which 61.9% developed the severe form of the disease. For the ABCG2 gene (rs2231142), the rare A allele and CA genotype were more frequent in individuals with mucositis (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). The severity of the disease was mainly observed in younger patients (median = 9 years; p=0.02). Patients with severe oral mucositis presented lower leukocytes count (median = 2.150 mm3) compared to patients with the mild/moderate form (median = 4.200 mm3; p=0.03). Female patients and each 10,000-platelet increase were protective factors against the onset of oral mucositis (p=0.02). It is concluded that rs2231142 polymorphism increases the likelihood of oral mucositis and younger patients and patients with low leukocytes counts are more likely to develop severe form.


Resumo O presente estudo investigou a relação entre cinco polimorfismos genéticos e o desenvolvimento de mucosite oral em pacientes pediátricos recebendo quimioterapia com metrotexato. O estudo longitudinal foi conduzido com 64 pacientes e a mucosite oral avaliada pelo Oral Assessment Guide modificado, que tem como objetivo diagnosticar e classificar a mucosite oral. Células epiteliais bucais foram obtidas por bochecho e o DNA foi extraído. Os polimorfismos MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) e ABCG2 (rs2231142), foram analisados pela técnica de PCR-RFLP. Dados demográficos, hematológicos e bioquímicos foram coletados a partir de registros médicos. Análise estatística foi realizada utilizando o software SPSS adotando um valor de p=0,05. Observou-se que, o sexo masculino foi predominante (56,2%), e a idade média foi de 10,8 anos (± 4.9). A mucosite oral acometeu 65,6% dos pacientes, dos quais, 61,9% desenvolveram a forma grave da doença. Para o gene ABCG2 (rs2231142), o alelo raro A e o genótipo CA foram mais frequentes em indivíduos com mucosite (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). A gravidade da doença foi observada principalmente em pacientes mais jovens (mediana = 9 anos; p=0.02). Além disso, os pacientes com mucosite oral grave apresentaram menor contagem de leucócitos (mediana = 2150 mm3) em comparação aos pacientes com a forma leve/moderada (mediana = 4200 mm3; p=0.03). Pacientes do sexo feminino e aumento a cada 10.000 plaquetas foram fatores de proteção contra o aparecimento de mucosite oral (p=0.02). Concluiu-se que a presença do polimorfismo rs2231142 aumenta o risco de o paciente desenvolver a mucosite oral, bem como pacientes mais jovens e menor contagem de leucócitos contribui com a severidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Stomatitis/genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Longitudinal Studies , Leukocyte Count , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) to proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines.@*METHODS@#After the treatment of different concentrations of rhTPO (0, 50, 100 ng/ml) for different time (24,48,72 h),the cell proliferation rates of the AML cell lines (Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60, THP-1) were determined by CCK-8 method. Apoptosis rate of each cell line cocultured with rhTPO was detected by Annexin V/PI method. The relative expression of TPO receptor c-MPL (myeloproliferative clonal antibody) mRNA in AML cell lines was detected by Q-PCR. The expression of c-MPL protein in each cell line was detected by Western blot. The expression of c-MPL antigen in HL-60 cells treated by different concentrations of rhTPO was detected by Flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#RhTPO showed no promotion to the proliferation of Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60, THP-1 cell lines,however,it showed inhibitory effect to cell proliferation (72 h 0 ng/ml vs 100 ng/ml, P= 0.029) and pro-apoptotic (48 h 0 ng/ml vs 50 ng/ml, P=0.0143) in HL-60 cells. In Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL and THP-1 cells, there showed no statistically significant differences in apoptosis rate among each groups treated by different concentrations of rhTPO. Each AML cell line showed different levels of c-MPL gene and c-MPL protein expression, but HEL cells showed the highest expression in both of them. After HL-60 cells were treated by different concentrations of rhTPO for 48 hours, there showed no statistical difference in c-MPL antigen expression among each groups.@*CONCLUSION@#RhTPO can not promote the proliferation of Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60 and THP-1 leukemia cell lines. On the contrary, rhTPO can inhibit HL-60 cell proliferation and promote its apoptosis, and this effect is not related to c-MPL gene expression or protein expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Receptors, Cytokine , Thrombopoietin
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878716

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Cripto-1 in pancreatic cancer and to analyze its clinical significance. Methods Cripto-1 expression in normal pancreas,pancreatic cancer and adjacent non-tumor tissues,chronic pancreatitis tissues and other related tissues was evaluated using immunohistochemistry.The association of Cripto-1 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognostic value of Cripto-1 in patients with pancreatic cancer were analyzed. Results The expression of Cripto-1 was higher in chronic pancreatitis tissues,pancreatic cancer and its metastases than in normal pancreas(P=0.019,P=0.025,and P=0.018,respectively).Cripto-1 overexpression was correlated with poorly differentiated pancreatic cancer.The patients with Cripto-1 upregulation had shorter median survival time(8 months vs.16 months,χ


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal , GPI-Linked Proteins , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132742

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Endocan, a 50 kDa soluble proteoglycan, also called endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1), is involved in many major cellular activities and has been reported to be overexpressed in inflammatory conditions. This study aims to determine ESM-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from individuals with periodontitis to determine the correlation between the levels of lymphocyte-function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and clinical findings of periodontitis. This study enrolled 27 individuals diagnosed with Stage III-Grade C generalized periodontitis and 16 individuals as healthy controls. Bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were calculated. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was used for detecting the levels of ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 in GCF samples. PPD, BOP, CAL, and GCF volumes were significantly increased in patients with periodontitis in comparison to the control group (p < 0.001). The total amount of ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 levels in GCF were increased in the periodontitis group (p < 0.001). ESM-1 level correlated with PPD, BOP, and CAL (p < 0.05). ICAM-1 level correlated with BOP and CAL (p < 0.05). LFA-1 level correlated with PPD and CAL (p < 0.05). Our data indicate that ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 levels are increased in GCF of patients with periodontitis. These molecules could be associated with the pathogenesis and progression of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Chronic Periodontitis , Proteoglycans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Neoplasm Proteins
5.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 881-893, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880884

ABSTRACT

Cytokines are secreted by various cell types and act as critical mediators in many physiological processes, including immune response and tumor progression. Cytokines production is precisely and timely regulated by multiple mechanisms at different levels, ranging from transcriptional to post-transcriptional and posttranslational processes. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 induced protein 1 (MCPIP1), a potent immunosuppressive protein, was first described as a transcription factor in monocytes treated with monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and subsequently found to possess intrinsic RNase and deubiquitinase activities. MCPIP1 tightly regulates cytokines expression via various functions. Furthermore, cytokines such as interleukin 1 beta (IL-1B) and MCP-1 and inflammatory cytokines inducer lipopolysaccharide (LPS) strongly induce MCPIP1 expression. Mutually regulated MCPIP1 and cytokines form a complicated network in the tumor environment. In this review, we summarize how MCPIP1 and cytokines reciprocally interact and elucidate the effect of the network formed by these components in cancer-related immunity with aim of exploring potential clinical benefits of their mutual regulation.


Subject(s)
Chemokine CCL2/immunology , Humans , Interleukin-1beta/immunology , Neoplasm Proteins/immunology , Neoplasms/pathology , Ribonucleases/immunology , Transcription Factors/immunology
6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 825-845, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880875

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate ERK5 expression in lung cancer and malignant melanoma progression and to ascertain the involvement of ERK5 signaling in lung cancer and melanoma. We show that ERK5 expression is abundant in human lung cancer samples, and elevated ERK5 expression in lung cancer was linked to the acquisition of increased metastatic and invasive potential. Importantly, we observed a significant correlation between ERK5 activity and FAK expression and its phosphorylation at the Ser


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Animals , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1/metabolism , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 7/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827414

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the electrophysiological changes of astrocytes in the process of hyperoxia induced apoptosis and analyze the relationship between electrophysiological characteristics and morphological changes.@*METHODS@#Astrocytes were exposed to 90% hyperoxia for 12-72 h. The electrophysiological characteristics of astrocytes in each group were detected by patch clamp technique, and the morphological characteristics of astrocytes were observed at the same time. Then the same batch of astrocytes were collected, and the expression levels of caspase-1, caspase-3, gasdermin D (GSDMD) and gasdermin E (GSDME) were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#From 12 h to 72 h after hyperoxia exposure, the inward current was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.05). At each time point, the morphology of cells changed correspondingly. Western blotting showed that the expression of caspase-1 was increased significantly at 24 h and decreased significantly at 72 h after hyperoxia exposure (0.05), but began to decrease at 48 h (<0.05); GSDME increased gradually at 24 h after hyperoxia exposure (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Under hyperoxia exposure, the ion channels of astrocytes are damaged, which can maintain the dysfunction of ion homeostasis, activate GSDME, induce the damaged cells to break away from the apoptotic pathway, and mediate the pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Astrocytes , Caspase 1 , Humans , Hyperoxia , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Neoplasm Proteins , Phosphate-Binding Proteins , Pyroptosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the interaction between interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and how their interaction affects the growth of mouse hepatoma Hepa1-6 cells.@*METHODS@#Hepa1-6 cells treated with IL-17 and IFN-γ either alone or in combination were examined for changes in cell proliferation using MTT assay and in cell cycle distribution using flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cyclin D1, P21 and P16 and the phosphorylation of p38MAPK, ERK1/2 and Stat1 in the cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, IFN-γ treatment obviously inhibited the growth and proliferation of Hepa1-6 cells, induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase, reduced the protein expression of PCNA and cyclin D1, and increased the protein expression of P21. IL-17 alone had no effect on the growth of Hepa1-6 cells. In the combined treatment, IL-17 significantly antagonized the effects of IFN-γ. Compared with those treated with IFN-γ alone, the cells with the combined treatment showed significantly decreased G0/G1 cell population, increased the protein expressions of PCNA and cyclin D1, and decreased the protein expression of P21. IL-17 significantly inhibited IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of p38MAPK and ERK1/2 without affecting the phosphorylation of Stat1.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IL-17 obviously reverses the antitumor effects of IFN-γ to promote the proliferation of mouse hepatoma cells and accelerate the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-17 , Pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen potential plasma protein biomarkers for the progression of cervical precancerous lesions into cervical carcinoma and analyze their functions.@*METHODS@#Plasma samples obtained from healthy control subjects, patients with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), cervical cancer (CC), and patients with CC after treatment were enriched for low-abundance proteins for liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. The MS data of the samples were analyzed using Discoverer 2.2 software, and the differential proteins (peptide coverage ≥20%, unique peptides≥2) were screened by comparison of LSIL, HSIL and CC groups against the control group followed by verification using target proteomics technology. Protein function enrichment and coexpression analyses were carried out to explore the role of the differentially expressed proteins as potential biomarkers and their pathological mechanisms.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, both LSIL group and HSIL group showed 9 differential proteins; 5 differentially expressed proteins were identified in CC group. The proteins ORM2 and HPR showed obvious differential expressions in LSIL and HSIL groups compared with the control group, and could serve as potential biomarkers for the progression of cervical carcinoma. The expression of F9 increased consistently with the lesion progression from LSIL to HSIL and CC, suggesting its value as a potential biomarker for the progression of cervical cancer. CFI and AFM protein levels were obviously decreased in treated patients with CC compared with the patients before treatment, indicating their predictive value for the therapeutic efficacy. Protein function enrichment analysis showed that all these differentially expressed proteins were associated with the complement system and the coagulation cascades pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We identified 5 new protein biomarkers (F9, CFI, AFM, HPR, and ORM2) for cervical precancerous lesions and for prognostic evaluation of CC, and combined detection of these biomarkers may help in the evaluation of the development and progression of CC and also in improving the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of cervical lesions.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Blood , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Carrier Proteins , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Blood , Diagnosis , Chromatography, Liquid , Complement Factor I , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Glycoproteins , Blood , Haptoglobins , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Blood , Orosomucoid , Precancerous Conditions , Blood , Diagnosis , Serum Albumin, Human , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of cytokine signal suppressor 3 (SOCS3) in colon cancer tissue and the mechanism by which SOCS3 regulates the proliferation and invasion of colon cancer.@*METHODS@#We collected the specimens of tumor tissues and paired adjacent tissues from 80 patients with colon cancer undergoing radical resection in our hospital between July, 2014 and May, 2017, and the expression of SOCS3 in the tissue samples was analyzed using Western blotting. We also transfected colon cancer cell line SW480 with a SOCS3-overexpressing plasmid or a small interference RNA (siRNA) for SOCS3 knockdown, and the changes in the cell proliferation and invasion capacity were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The effect of demethylation and IL-6 treatment on SOCS3 expression and the proliferation and invasion of SW480 cells were observed.@*RESULTS@#Colon cancer tissues showed a lowered expression of SOCS3 compared with the adjacent tissues. Over-expression of SOCS3 significantly inhibited while SOCS3 knockdown obviously promoted the proliferation and invasion of SW480 cells . Demethylation treatment up-regulated SOCS3 expression and inhibited the proliferation and invasion capacity of SW480 cells; IL-6 treatment of the cells caused the reverse changes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SOCS3 participates in the development and progression of colon cancer and serves as a potential target for colon cancer treatment. In patients with colon cancer, the low expression of SOCS3 possibly as a result of methylation may promote the proliferation and invasion of the cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , Cytokines , Demethylation , Disease Progression , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Pharmacology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the differentially expressed genes between gastric cancer and normal gastric mucosa by bioinformatics analysis, identify the important gene participating in the occurrence and progression of gastric cancer, and predict the functions of these genes.@*METHODS@#The gene expression microarray data GSE100935 (including 18 gastric cancer samples and normal gastric mucosal tissues) downloaded from the GEO expression profile database were analyzed using Morpheus to obtain the differentially expressed genes in gastric cancer, and a cluster analysis heat map was constructed. The online database UALCAN was used to obtain the expression levels of these differentially expressed genes in gastric cancer and normal gastric mucosa. The prognostic value of the differentially expressed genes in gastric cancer was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. GO functional enrichment analysis was performed using Fun-Rich software, and the STRING database was exploited to establish a PPI network for the differentially expressed genes.@*RESULTS@#A total of 45119 differentially expressed genes were identified from GSE100935 microarray data. Analysis with UALCAN showed an obvious high expression of EXD3 gene in gastric cancer, and survival analysis suggested that a high expression level of EXD3 was associated with a poorer prognosis of the patients with gastric cancer. GO functional enrichment analysis found that the differentially expressed genes in gastric cancer were involved mainly in the regulation of nucleotide metabolism and the activity of transcription factors in the cancer cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EXD3 may be a potential oncogene in gastric cancer possibly in relation to DNA damage repair. The up-regulation of EXD3 plays an important role in the development and prognosis of gastric cancer, and may serve as an important indicator for prognostic evaluation of the patients.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Databases, Genetic , Exonucleases , Genetics , Gastric Mucosa , Chemistry , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Mortality
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antitumor activity of decoction and study its liver and kidney toxicity and its effect on the immune system in a tumor-bearing mouse model.@*METHODS@#Hepatoma H22 tumor-bearing mouse models were randomized into model group, cyclophosphamide (CTX) group, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose decoction groups (JW-L, JW-M, and JW-H groups, respectively). The antitumor activity of decoction was assessed by calculating the tumor inhibition rate and pathological observation of the tumor tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 in the tumors. The liver and kidney toxicity of decoction was analyzed by evaluating the biochemical indicators of liver and kidney functions. The immune function of the tumor-bearing mice were assessed by calculating the immune organ index, testing peripheral blood routines, and detection of serum IL-2 and TNF-α levels using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Compared with that in the model group, the tumor mass in CTX, JW-M and JW-H groups were all significantly reduced ( < 0.05) with cell rupture and necrosis in the tumors. Immunohistochemistry revealed obviously up-regulated expressions of Bax and caspase-3 and down- regulated expression of Bcl-2 protein with an increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in CTX, JW-M and JW-H groups. Treatment with decoction significantly reduced Cr, BUN, AST and ALT levels, improved the immune organ index, increased peripheral blood leukocytes, erythrocytes and hemoglobin levels, and up-regulated the levels of TNF-α and IL-2 in the tumor-bearing mice. These changes were especially significant in JW-H group when compared with the parameters in the model group ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@# decoction has a strong anti-tumor activity and can improve the liver and kidney functions of tumor-bearing mice. Its anti-tumor effect may be attributed to the up-regulation of Bax, caspase-3, TNF-α and IL-2 levels and the down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression as well as the enhancement of the non-specific immune function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Kidney , Liver , Pathology , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice , Necrosis , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Up-Regulation
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effects of silencing migration-inducing gene-7 (Mig-7) on vasculogenic mimicry formation, migration and invasion of human glioma cells and whether MEK/ERK signaling pathway mediates these effects.@*METHODS@#Human glioma U251 cells were infected by lentiviral vectors carrying a small interfering RNA targeting Mig-7 gene (sh-Mig-) or a negative control shRNA (sh-NC), and real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression level of Mig- mRNA in the cells. Three-dimensional culture and Transwell chamber invasion assay were used to observe the effect of Mig- gene silencing on vasculogenic mimicry formation and invasion ability of the U251 cells. Western blotting was performed to detect the changes in the protein expression levels of MEK/ERK in the infected cells.@*RESULTS@#We successfully obtained a U251 cell line with stable low expression of Mig- gene using RNA interference technique. Compared with the cells infected with sh-NC lentivirus and the non- infected cells, U251 cells infected with the lentiviral vector carrying sh-Mig- showed significantly decreased expression level of Mig- ( < 0.01) with obviously lowered vasculogenic mimicry formation and invasion abilities ( < 0.05). Mig- silencing also significantly lowered the expressions of MEK and ERK proteins in U251 cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing of Mig-7 gene inhibits vasculogenic mimicry formation and invasion of U251 cells possibly by suppressing MEK/ERK signaling, suggesting the important role of Mig-7 gene in vasculogenic mimicry formation and invasion of human glioma cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Silencing , Glioma , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Signal Transduction
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of Celastrus Orbiculatus extracts (COE) on metastasis in hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The effect of COE (160, 200 and 240 µ g/mL) on cell viability, scratch-wound, invasion and migration were studied by 3-4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), scratch-wound and transwell assays, respectively. CoCl was used to establish a hypoxia model in vitro. Effects of COE on the expressions of E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin were investigated with Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis, respectively.@*RESULTS@#COE inhibited proliferation and metastasis of hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). Furthermore, the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers were also remarkably suppressed in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). In addition, the upstream signaling pathways, including the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 α (Hif-1 α) and Twist1 were suppressed by COE. Additionally, the Hif-1 α inhibitor 3-5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole (YC-1), potently suppressed cell invasion and migration as well as expression of EMT in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells. Similarly, the combined treatment with COE and YC-1 showed a synergistic effect (P<0.01) compared with the treatment with COE or YC-1 alone in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COE significantly inhibited the tumor metastasis and EMT by suppressing Hif-1 α/Twist1 signaling pathway in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cell. Thus, COE might have potential effect to inhibit the progression of HepG2 in the context of tumor hypoxia.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Celastrus , Chemistry , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Proliferation , Cell Shape , Cobalt , Down-Regulation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical importance of combined detection of urinary amino acid metabolite --urinary tyrosine (UT) and tumor specific growth factor (TSGF) in the disease observation and curative effect evaluation of acute leukemia(AL).@*METHODS@#In 87 cases of AL, the UT and TSGF levels were detected by using chemical chromogenic method and continuous monitoring method respectively. The 2 indicators of each treatment group were statistically analyzed and compared with that of 50 healthy control group.@*RESULTS@#In 87 AL patients, the levels of UT and TSGF after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#UT and TSGF levels are related with the metabolism of tumor cells in AL patients. UT level can be used to predict the recurrence of patients with CR. The combined dynamical monitoring of these 2 indicators can be used as the indexes for observation of AL status, evaluation of therapeutic efficacy, prediction of prognosis and relapse of AL.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Amino Acids , Antigens, Neoplasm , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Proteins , Prognosis , Recurrence
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of recombinant human PDCD5 (rhPDCD5) treatment in a rat model of bovine II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) on inflammatory cytokine secretion, proliferation and apoptosis of activated lymphocytes and explore the mechanisms of rhPDCD5-induced immunosuppression on activated lymphocytes.@*METHODS@#Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group, CIA+ ovalbumin (OVA) group, CIA+ rhTNFR: Fc group, and CIA+rhPDCD5 group. The rats in the latter 3 groups received intraperitoneal injections of OVA (14 mg/kg), rhTNFR: Fc (3.5 mg/kg) or rhPDCD5 (14 mg/kg) from day 2 to day 26 following CII injection. On day 28, the spleens of the rats were harvested for preparing single cell suspensions of splenocytes, which were activated by CII (20μg/mL) or anti-CD3 (1μg/mL)+ anti-CD28 (2μg/mL) for 48 h and 72 h. The production of interferon-γ(IFN-γ) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) by the activated lymphocytes was determined by ELISA of the culture supernatants. The proliferation and apoptosis of the activated lymphocytes were assessed using [H]-thymidine incorporation assay and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in CIA + OVA group, IFN-γand IL-17A secretions by the activated lymphocytes from rhPDCD5-treated CIA rats significantly decreased. RhPDCD5 treatment of the CIA rats obviously suppressed the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of the lymphocytes activated by CII or by anti-CD3 + anti-CD28.@*CONCLUSIONS@#rhPDCD5 reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, inhibits the proliferation and promotes activation-induced cell death of activated CD4 lymphocytes to produce immunosuppression in rat models of CIA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Arthritis, Experimental , Cattle , Cell Proliferation , Cytokines , Female , Humans , Lymphocytes , Neoplasm Proteins , Rats , Rats, Wistar
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1548-1555, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biological characteristics of ABCG2 and its effect on side population cells (SP cells) of multiple myeloma (MM) so as to find the way for reversing drug resistance.@*METHODS@#The silence of ABCG2 expression was performed throngh interfering the MM cells by using siRNA. then the ratio of SP cell of MM, speed of cell proliferation and sensitivity of cells to chermotherapentic drugs before and after interference were compared, the biological functions of ABCG2 and its role in regulation of SP cells and PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was clarified.@*RESULTS@#siRNA interference could down regulate the expression of ABCG2 at both mRNA and protein level. After siRNA interference, the proliferation of multiple myeloma cells was decreased slightly, the expression of PTEN was increased, the activity of PI3K/AKT pathway was inhibited, and the ratio of SP cells was decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#In multiple myeloma, down-regulation of expression ABCG2 can negatively regulate the expression of PTEN, the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is inhibited,the ratio of SP decreased,and the response to drug is increased.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Neoplasm Proteins , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Side-Population Cells , Signal Transduction
18.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1414, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973381

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background : It is believed that the Wnt pathway is one of the most important signaling involved in gastric carcinogenesis. Aim : To analyze the protein expression of canonical and non-canonical Wnt pathways in gastric carcinoma. Method : The immunohistochemistry was performed in 72 specimens of gastric carcinomas for evaluating the expression of Wnt-5a, FZD5, GSK3β, axin, CK1, ubiquitin, cyclin D1 and c-myc. Results : There were significant differences for cytoplasm and nucleus ubiquitin for moderately and well differentiated tumors (p=0.03) and for those of the intestinal type of the Lauren classification (p=0.03). The absence of c-myc was related to Lauren's intestinal tumors (p=0.03). Expression of CK1 in the cytoplasm was related to compromised margin (p=0.03). Expression of cyclin D1 protein was more intense in male patients (p=0.03) There was no relation of the positive or negative expression of the Wnt-5a, FZD5, GSK3 and Axin with any clinicopathological variables. Conclusion: The canonical WNT pathway is involved in gastric carcinoma.


RESUMO Racional : Acredita-se que a via Wnt é uma das mais importantes da sinalização envolvidas na carcinogênese gástrica. Objetivos : Analisar a expressão das proteínas das vias Wnt canônicas e não-canônicas no carcinoma gástrico e relacionar sua expressão com as variáveisclinicopatológicas. Método : Foram coletadas 72 amostras de carcinoma gástrico, e áreas representativas do tumor foram selecionadas para o Tissue Microarray. Imunoistoquímica foi realizada para avaliar a expressão de Wnt-5a, FZD5, GSK3β, axina, CK1, ubiquitina, ciclina D1 e c-myc. Resultados : Houve diferenças significativas para a expressão de ubiquitina no citoplasma e núcleo para tumores moderadamente e bem diferenciados (p=0,03) e para aqueles do tipo intestinal da classificação de Lauren (p=0,03). A expressão negativa da proteína c-myc no citoplasma foi relacionada aos tumores intestinais de Lauren (p=0,028). A expressão positiva de CK1 no citoplasma das células neoplásicas foi relacionada a tumores com margens cirúrgicas livre de envolvimento neoplásico (p=0,03). A expressão positiva da proteína ciclina D1 foi maior nos tumores dos homens (p=0,03). Não houve relação da expressão positiva ou negativa das proteínas Wnt-5a e FZD5 no citoplasma ou núcleo com quaisquer variáveis clinicopatológicas. O mesmo foi observado para GSK3β e Axin. Conclusões : A relação da expressão das proteínas da via canônica com as variáveis epidemiológicas e tumorais sugere sua participação na carcinogênese gástrica. Por outro lado, a ausência da relação das expressões das proteínas da via não-canônica sugere sua não participação na carcinogênese gástrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/chemistry , Carcinoma/chemistry , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Neoplasm Proteins/analysis , Reference Values , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/analysis , Cyclin D1/analysis , Ubiquitin/analysis , Casein Kinase I/analysis , Frizzled Receptors/analysis , Axin Protein/analysis , Carcinogenesis , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/analysis , Wnt-5a Protein/analysis , Neoplasm Staging
19.
Biol. Res ; 52: 31, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019497

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of the methylation status of the DACT1 gene on the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. METHODS: The levels of methylation and expression of the DACT1 gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and CNE2 cells were determined by methylation-specific PCR and RT-PCR, respectively. CNE2 cells were treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, and the variation in the methylation status of the DACT1 gene was detected, as well as the influence of methylation on invasiveness of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. RESULTS: The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 44 of 62 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 32 of 38 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, and the DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 7 of 24 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma without lymph node metastasis. The DACT1 mRNA level was weakly expressed or not expressed in all nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with hyper-methylated DACT1 genes; however, the DACT1 mRNA level was highly expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with low expression of the methylated DACT1 gene. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated and not expressed in CNE2 cells that did not have 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment. After 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment, the DACT1 gene was demethylated and the expression of DACT1 was restored. Moreover, the invasion ability was inhibited in CNE2 cells treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine. CONCLUSION: The expression of DACT1 was related to the methylation status. High expression of DACT1 may inhibit the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , DNA Methylation/genetics , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/secondary , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , DNA Methylation/physiology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism
20.
Biol. Res ; 52: 42, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019506

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prognosis remains one of most crucial determinants of gastric cancer (GC) treatment, but current methods do not predict prognosis accurately. Identification of additional biomarkers is urgently required to identify patients at risk of poor prognoses. METHODS: Tissue microarrays were used to measure expression of nine GC-associated proteins in GC tissue and normal gastric tissue samples. Hierarchical cluster analysis of microarray data and feature selection for factors associated with survival were performed. Based on these data, prognostic scoring models were established to predict clinical outcomes. Finally, ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) was used to identify a biological GC network. RESULTS: Eight proteins were upregulated in GC tissues versus normal gastric tissues. Hierarchical cluster analysis and feature selection showed that overall survival was worse in cyclin dependent kinase (CDK)2, Akt1, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), Notch4, and phosphorylated (p)-protein kinase C (PKC) α/ß2 immunopositive patients than in patients that were immunonegative for these proteins. Risk score models based on these five proteins and clinicopathological characteristics were established to determine prognoses of GC patients. These proteins were found to be involved in cancer related-signaling pathways and upstream regulators were identified. CONCLUSION: This study identified proteins that can be used as clinical biomarkers and established a risk score model based on these proteins and clinicopathological characteristics to assess GC prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Analysis , Tissue Array Analysis , Neoplasm Staging
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