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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1244-1248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012400

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma. Methods: A total of 7 cases of primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma were collected from Fujian Provincial Hospital (n=5), Fuzhou Taijiang Hospital (n=1) and Binzhou City People's Hospital of Shandong Province (n=1) from January 2021 to April 2023. The clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features were analyzed, and NUT rearrangement were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with break-apart probes. Results: Seven cases were all male with age ranging from 32 to 73 years. The main clinical manifestations were cough, expectoration and chest tightness. Microscopically, NUT carcinoma was composed of monotonous proliferation of primitive-appearing small-to-medium round cells, with few eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in solid sheets, nests or clusters. Abrupt keratinization was typically observed in 4 cases (4/7), with high mitotic activities and necrosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed that the tumors were positive for NUT (7/7), CK7 (4/4), CK5/6 (5/6), p40 (6/7). Ki-67 index were 30%-80%. NUT gene segregation (7/7) was detected by FISH break probes. Conclusions: Primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma is rare and highly malignant. Diagnosis depends on histopathology and IHC, with molecular detection as an adjunct for diagnosis. Pathologists should be aware of the clinicopathological characteristics to avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 808-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012312

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype and prognosis of nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinoma. Methods: Twenty-four resection cases of NUT midline carcinoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China from January 2018 to September 2022, were collected, and retrospectively analyzed for their clinicopathological characteristics. Relevant literature was reviewed. Results: All 24 cases of NUT midline carcinoma occurred in the chest or head and neck, including 14 men and 10 women, with a median age of 40 years. Histological examination showed that the tumors were poorly differentiated, with solid nested or sheet-like arrangement, small to medium-sized cells, sparse cytoplasm and coarse granular chromatin, including 5 cases with abrupt squamous epithelial differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that all 24 cases were positive for NUT protein, while 16 cases were p63 positive, 19 cases were p40 positive, 15 out of 18 cases were CK5/6 positive. Follow-up data were obtained for 21 patients (follow-up time range, 1-21 months), of which 11 survived, 10 died, and 3 were lost to follow-up. Conclusions: NUT midline carcinoma is a rare and highly aggressive malignancy with unique histological, immunophenotypic and molecular features. It has a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma/surgery , Testicular Neoplasms
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 364-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and molecular characteristics of a child with Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG).@*METHODS@#A 4-month-old boy who had presented at the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University Medical School on December 31, 2019 due to feeding difficulties after birth was selected as the study subject. High-throughput sequencing was carried out for the patient, and real-time qPCR was used for validating the suspected deletion fragments and the carrier status of other members of his family.@*RESULTS@#High-throughput sequencing revealed that the child had lost the capture signal for chrX: 153 045 645-153 095 809 (approximately 50 kb), which has involved 4 OMIM genes including SRPK3, IDH3G, SSR4 and PDZD4. qPCR verified that the copy number in this region was zero, while that of his elder brother and parents was all normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The deletion of the fragment containing the SSR4 gene in the Xq28 region probably underlay the SSR4-CDG in this child.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Humans , Infant , Male , Gene Deletion , Glycosylation , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Neoplasm Proteins , Parents , Siblings
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 202-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation between the mRNA levels of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and lung-specific X protein (LUNX) genes with pathological types and stages of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their significance for prognosis.@*METHODS@#Eighty nine patients with NSCLC admitted to Huaihe Hospital of Henan University between June 2015 and June 2018 were recruited, with 55 patients with benign lung lesions admitted during the same period of time selected as the control group. The mRNA levels of BCRP and LUNX genes were detected in the peripheral blood samples from the two groups, and their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression rates of BCRP and LUNX mRNA in the NSCLC group were significantly higher compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The level of BCRP mRNA of the NSCLC patients has correlated with the degree of differentiation and TNM staging (P < 0.05), but not with gender, age, smoking, pathological types and lymph node metastasis (P > 0.05). The level of LUNX mRNA of them has correlated with the degree of differentiation, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05), but not with gender, age, smoking, and pathological types (P > 0.05). Compared with those with no expression, the overall survival rate of patients with BCRP and LUNX expression was significantly lower (P < 0.05). The degree of differentiation, TNM staging, lymph node metastasis, and expression of the BCRP and LUNX mRNA may all affect the prognosis of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of BCRP and LUNX mRNA in the peripheral blood of patients with NSCLC are significantly increased. The expression of BCRP mRNA is correlated with the degree of differentiation and TNM staging, whilst the expression of LUNX mRNA is correlated with the differentiation degree, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis. Both may be used as independent predictors for the prognosis of patients with NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Glycoproteins/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 66-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970238

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of liver transplantation in the treatment of acute liver in children with NBAS gene deficiency disease and their outcome. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled children with NBAS gene deficiency who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Fudan University for liver transplantation from January 2013 to June 2022. The clinical data were collected and analyzed. Medical literature published before June 2022 was searched with the keywords of "NBAS" "neuroblastoma amplified sequence recurrent" "acute liver failure" "SOPH syndrome" "short stature with optic nerve atrophy" "Pelger-Huët anomaly" in PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang database. Results: Liver transplantation was performed in 3 patients (2 males and 1 female) with NBAS deficiency. All patients presented with fever-triggered recurrent acute liver failure. The genetic detection found compound heterozygous NBAS gene pathogenic variants in them. The total episodes of acute liver failure before liver transplantation were 11, 2, and 4 respectively, and the age at liver transplantation was 3.5, 2.3, and 2.0 years respectively. During liver transplantation, patient 1 was in the convalescent phase of acute liver failure, patient 2 was in the acute phase, presenting with hepatic encephalopathy (grade V) and respiratory failure, and patient 3 was considered to be in the acute phase. After liver transplantation, patient 1 recovered normal liver function within 1 month and had no liver transplantation-related complications. Patient 2 had secondary epilepsy, intellectual disability, movement disorder, and transiently elevated transaminases. Patient 3 died of severe infection within 1 month. There was no literature in Chinese, 6 in English, 8 NBAS-deficient patients who were treated with liver transplantation. Total 11 patients presented with fever-triggered recurrent acute liver failure. Their age at liver transplantation ranged from 0.9 to 5.0 years. Postoperative complications occurred in 3 patients. Until the last visit, they were followed up for 0.7 to 14.0 years. Total 2 patients died and the 9 surviving patients did not develop acute liver failure. Conclusions: Liver transplantation is effective for the treatment of acute liver failure associated with NBAS gene disease. However, postoperative complications of liver transplantation may occur. The timing of liver transplantation still needs further research.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Optic Atrophy/genetics , Pelger-Huet Anomaly/genetics , Liver Failure, Acute/complications
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 147-151, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365347

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Beta-thalassemia minor is a blood disease caused by a hereditary decrease in beta-globin synthesis, frequently leading to hypochromic microcytic anemia. Formerly called endothelial cell-specific molecule 1, endocan is a proteoglycan released by vascular endothelial cells in many organs. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between the beta-thalassemia minor patients and the healthy control group in terms of serum endocan level. METHODS: The study was performed in a total of 80 subjects. They were divided into two groups, the beta-thalassemia minor group (n=40) and the healthy control group (n=40). Serum endocan levels, age, sex, body mass index value, and tobacco use data of these groups were compared. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was detected between the two groups in terms of age, sex, and body mass index values (p>0.05). Endocan levels were measured to be 206.85±88.1 pg/mL in the beta-thalassemia minor group and 236.1±162.8 pg/mL in the control group with no significant difference between the groups in terms of serum endocan levels (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In our study, there was no change in endocan level in beta-thalassemia minor. This might be because serum endocan levels are affected by multi-factorial reasons. Serum endocan levels may be altered secondarily to decreased beta-globin chain, increased sympathetic activity due to anemia, or platelet dysfunction induced by oxidative stress in beta-thalassemia minor. Further multicenter studies involving more patients are necessary to demonstrate this.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proteoglycans , beta-Thalassemia , Neoplasm Proteins , Biomarkers , Body Mass Index , Endothelial Cells
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 717-724, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940931

ABSTRACT

Mutations in the epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a driving factor that causes non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The epithelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) is a crucial discovery in the treatment of lung cancer, particularly the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs is superior to that of the standard chemotherapy for patients with EGFR mutation-positive advanced NSCLC. Patients with NSCLC use EGFR-TKIs and other medications simultaneously is commonly seen, especially among those with comorbidities, which increases the risk of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) of EGFR-TKIs. The most common mechanisms underlying the DDIs of EGFR-TKIs are modulations of cytochrome P450 (CYP) and drug transporters [including P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)], as well as gastrointestinal acid-inhibitory drugs [proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H(2) receptor antagonists (H(2)RA)]. Inhibitors or inducers of CYP enzymes and drug transporters can inhibit or accelerate the metabolism of EGFR-TKIs, which increase or reduce the exposure of EGFR-TKIs, thereby affect the efficacy and safety of EGFR-TKIs. In addition, PPIs or H(2)RA can decrease the solubility, bioavailability and efficacy of EGFR-TKIs. This review summarizes the mechanisms of DDIs of gefitinib, erlotinib, icotinib, afatinib, dacomitinib and osimertinib; the management recommendations for DDIs of those EGFR-TKIs from the Chinese and global guideline, as well as from the recent pre-clinical and clinical studies, which provide the reference and evidence for managing the combination therapies of EGFR-TKIs and other medications in clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Drug Interactions , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 805-814, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effective components of Yiqi Jiedu recipe and the main biological processes and signal pathways involved in the therapeutic mechanism of the recipe in treatment of primary liver cancer through network pharmacology and molecular docking approaches.@*METHODS@#TCMSP, Uniport, Genecards and String databases were searched to obtain the target genes of drugs and disease using Cytoscape 3.8.2 software. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed to identify the common genes in the target genes of the drugs and disease. Using Pubcham, RCSB and Autoduck, the effective components of the drugs were connected with the final core genes. The effects of different concentrations of Yiqi Jiedu recipe on the expressions of the core genes DHX9, HNRNPK, NCL and PABPC1 in HepG2 cells were analyzed with Western blotting and real- time fluorescence quantitative PCR.@*RESULTS@#We finally identified 8 core genes from the drug and disease targets, including DDX5, HNRNPK, PABPC1, DHX9, RPS3A, RPS3, RPL13, and NCL. GO analysis showed that these core genes were involved mainly in the biological processes of adrenaline receptor signal communication, movement of cellular or subcellular components, blood particles, adhesion class and iron ion binding. KEGG analysis showed that the Ras signaling pathway had the greatest gene enrichment. The results of molecular docking suggested that the effective components of the recipe were capable of docking with the core genes under natural conditions, and PABPC1 and stigmasterol had the highest binding energy. In HepG2 cells, treatment with 10% medicated serum for 48 h had the strongest effect on the expression of DHX9, HNRNPK, NCL and PABPC1 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Yiqi Jiedu recipe is capable of regulating viral expression of primary liver cancer multiple effective components that bind to DHX9, HNRNPK, NCL and PABPC1.


Subject(s)
Humans , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Molecular Docking Simulation , Neoplasm Proteins , Network Pharmacology , Ribosomal Proteins , Signal Transduction
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 227-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927870

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and genetic mutations in Kindler syndrome(KS)and provide a theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of KS. Methods The clinical data of one case of KS from Peking Union Medical College Hospital and 185 cases reported in literature were collected. The gene mutation types,patient clinical data,and tumor characteristics were statistically analyzed. Results A total of 186 cases were enrolled,including 110 males and 76 females,with the mean age of(28±16)years. The data of gene mutation and specific clinical manifestations were available in 151 and 94 patients,respectively. The main clinical manifestations of KS included poikiloderma,occurrence of blister in childhood,and photosensitivity,and the secondary clinical manifestations included oral inflammation,palmoplantar keratoderma,webbing/pseudoainhum,dysphagia,urethral stricture and so on.Oral inflammation(r=0.234,P=0.023),palmoplantar keratoderma(r=0.325,P=0.001),webbing/pseudoainhum(r=0.247,P=0.016),dysphagia(r=0.333,P=0.001),urethral stricture(r=0.280,P=0.006)were significantly correlated with age,showing significantly higher incidence in the patients over 32 years old.Urethral stricture(χ2=11.292,P=0.001)and anal stenosis(χ2=4.014,P=0.045)were significantly correlated with sex,with higher incidence in males.Eighty different mutations were found in 151 patients,and the most common gene mutation was c.676C>T.Forty-one tumors occurred in 27 patients,among which squamous cell carcinoma accounted for 92.7%. The gene mutation site had no significant correlation with squamous cell carcinoma or patient country. Conclusions The c.676C>T in FERMT1 gene is the most common mutation in KS.The patients are prone to squamous cell carcinoma and mainly attacked at the exposure sites(hand and mouth).


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Ainhum , Blister , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Constriction, Pathologic , Deglutition Disorders/complications , Epidermolysis Bullosa , Inflammation , Keratoderma, Palmoplantar/complications , Membrane Proteins , Mutation , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Periodontal Diseases , Photosensitivity Disorders , Urethral Stricture/complications
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 14-26, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339330

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study investigated the relationship between genetic polymorphisms and the development of oral mucositis in pediatric patients undergoing chemotherapy involving methotrexate. A longitudinal study was conducted with 64 patients, and oral mucositis was evaluated by the modified Oral Assessment Guide, which aims to diagnose and classify oral mucositis. Epithelial cells were obtained by mouthwash and DNA was extracted. The polymorphisms MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) and ABCG2 (rs2231142) were analyzed by PCR-RFLP method. Demographic, hematological and biochemical data were collected from medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS software adopting a p-value of 0.05. Male sex predominated (56.2%), and the mean age was 10.8 years (± 4.9). Oral mucositis affected 65.6% of the patients, of which 61.9% developed the severe form of the disease. For the ABCG2 gene (rs2231142), the rare A allele and CA genotype were more frequent in individuals with mucositis (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). The severity of the disease was mainly observed in younger patients (median = 9 years; p=0.02). Patients with severe oral mucositis presented lower leukocytes count (median = 2.150 mm3) compared to patients with the mild/moderate form (median = 4.200 mm3; p=0.03). Female patients and each 10,000-platelet increase were protective factors against the onset of oral mucositis (p=0.02). It is concluded that rs2231142 polymorphism increases the likelihood of oral mucositis and younger patients and patients with low leukocytes counts are more likely to develop severe form.


Resumo O presente estudo investigou a relação entre cinco polimorfismos genéticos e o desenvolvimento de mucosite oral em pacientes pediátricos recebendo quimioterapia com metrotexato. O estudo longitudinal foi conduzido com 64 pacientes e a mucosite oral avaliada pelo Oral Assessment Guide modificado, que tem como objetivo diagnosticar e classificar a mucosite oral. Células epiteliais bucais foram obtidas por bochecho e o DNA foi extraído. Os polimorfismos MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) e ABCG2 (rs2231142), foram analisados pela técnica de PCR-RFLP. Dados demográficos, hematológicos e bioquímicos foram coletados a partir de registros médicos. Análise estatística foi realizada utilizando o software SPSS adotando um valor de p=0,05. Observou-se que, o sexo masculino foi predominante (56,2%), e a idade média foi de 10,8 anos (± 4.9). A mucosite oral acometeu 65,6% dos pacientes, dos quais, 61,9% desenvolveram a forma grave da doença. Para o gene ABCG2 (rs2231142), o alelo raro A e o genótipo CA foram mais frequentes em indivíduos com mucosite (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). A gravidade da doença foi observada principalmente em pacientes mais jovens (mediana = 9 anos; p=0.02). Além disso, os pacientes com mucosite oral grave apresentaram menor contagem de leucócitos (mediana = 2150 mm3) em comparação aos pacientes com a forma leve/moderada (mediana = 4200 mm3; p=0.03). Pacientes do sexo feminino e aumento a cada 10.000 plaquetas foram fatores de proteção contra o aparecimento de mucosite oral (p=0.02). Concluiu-se que a presença do polimorfismo rs2231142 aumenta o risco de o paciente desenvolver a mucosite oral, bem como pacientes mais jovens e menor contagem de leucócitos contribui com a severidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Stomatitis/genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Longitudinal Studies , Leukocyte Count , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1351-1354, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888565

ABSTRACT

Thrombopoietin (TPO) can activate hematopoietic cell proliferation by its receptor c-MPL mediated downstream pathways and induce the generation of megakaryocyte. In recent years, domestic and foreign researches have confirmed that TPO/ c-MPL pathway also plays an important role in the self-renewal and quiescence of leukemia stem cell, and its expression in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) also indicates the chemotherapy resistance and poor prognosis. In this article, the research progress of the roles of TPO/c-MPL pathway in chemotherapy resistance, prognosis of AML patients, and the application of TPO/ c-MPL receptor agonists in AML were summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , Receptors, Cytokine , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Signal Transduction , Thrombopoietin
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 678-680, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a child with recurrent infection, multiple malformation and dysmorphism.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to trio whole exome sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child had a complaint of fever and cough, with long and thin eye fissures and long eyelashes. Genetic testing revealed that the child has carried a non-triplet deletion of the KDM6A gene, which was unreported previously. The variant resulted in frameshift and premature termination of the translation. His parents were both of the wild type for the locus. After antibiotic and immunoglobulin treatment, the severe secondary pneumonia caused by immunodeficiency has improved.@*CONCLUSION@#With combined laboratory test, imaging examination and genetic testing, the child was ultimately diagnosed with Kabuki syndrome type 2. The characteristics of immunodeficiency of Kabuki syndrome may render conventional antibiotic treatment ineffective, which deserves clinical attention.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Abnormalities, Multiple , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Face/abnormalities , Genetic Testing , Hematologic Diseases , Histone Demethylases/genetics , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Vestibular Diseases
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 389-394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) to proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines.@*METHODS@#After the treatment of different concentrations of rhTPO (0, 50, 100 ng/ml) for different time (24,48,72 h),the cell proliferation rates of the AML cell lines (Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60, THP-1) were determined by CCK-8 method. Apoptosis rate of each cell line cocultured with rhTPO was detected by Annexin V/PI method. The relative expression of TPO receptor c-MPL (myeloproliferative clonal antibody) mRNA in AML cell lines was detected by Q-PCR. The expression of c-MPL protein in each cell line was detected by Western blot. The expression of c-MPL antigen in HL-60 cells treated by different concentrations of rhTPO was detected by Flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#RhTPO showed no promotion to the proliferation of Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60, THP-1 cell lines,however,it showed inhibitory effect to cell proliferation (72 h 0 ng/ml vs 100 ng/ml, P= 0.029) and pro-apoptotic (48 h 0 ng/ml vs 50 ng/ml, P=0.0143) in HL-60 cells. In Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL and THP-1 cells, there showed no statistically significant differences in apoptosis rate among each groups treated by different concentrations of rhTPO. Each AML cell line showed different levels of c-MPL gene and c-MPL protein expression, but HEL cells showed the highest expression in both of them. After HL-60 cells were treated by different concentrations of rhTPO for 48 hours, there showed no statistical difference in c-MPL antigen expression among each groups.@*CONCLUSION@#RhTPO can not promote the proliferation of Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60 and THP-1 leukemia cell lines. On the contrary, rhTPO can inhibit HL-60 cell proliferation and promote its apoptosis, and this effect is not related to c-MPL gene expression or protein expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Receptors, Cytokine , Thrombopoietin
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1403-1410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish cytarabine-resistant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines and investigate its possible resistant mechanism.@*METHODS@#Low-concentration cytarabine (Ara-C) continuously induced and cultured Jurkat and Nalm-6 cells to construct cytarabine-resistant cell lines Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C. The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay, and the distribution of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of multidrug resistant gene and Ara-C metabolic enzymes. The expression levels of cyclin were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C drug-resistant cell lines were successfully established, the resistance index of which was 1 973.908±161.163 and 7 231.643± 1 190.624, respectively. Drug-resistant cell lines had no cross-resistance to commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs, such as doxorubicin. Flow cytometry showed that the ratio of G@*CONCLUSION@#Cytarabine-resistant ALL cell lines are successfully established by using low concentration continuous induction method, and its drug-resistant mechanism may be related to the deficiencies of DCK and cyclinB1.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , Cell Line , Cytarabine/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Neoplasm Proteins , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 173-179, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878716

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Cripto-1 in pancreatic cancer and to analyze its clinical significance. Methods Cripto-1 expression in normal pancreas,pancreatic cancer and adjacent non-tumor tissues,chronic pancreatitis tissues and other related tissues was evaluated using immunohistochemistry.The association of Cripto-1 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognostic value of Cripto-1 in patients with pancreatic cancer were analyzed. Results The expression of Cripto-1 was higher in chronic pancreatitis tissues,pancreatic cancer and its metastases than in normal pancreas(P=0.019,P=0.025,and P=0.018,respectively).Cripto-1 overexpression was correlated with poorly differentiated pancreatic cancer.The patients with Cripto-1 upregulation had shorter median survival time(8 months vs.16 months,χ


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal , GPI-Linked Proteins , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 861-864, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921956

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotype-phenotype correlation in a child with Kabuki syndrome type 1 (KS1) caused by a mosaic frameshift variant of KMT2D gene.@*METHODS@#Trio-based whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried for the patient and her parents. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The proband, a 3-year-and-2-month-old Chinese girl, presented with distinctive facial features, cognitive impairment, mild developmental delay, dermatoglyphic abnormalities, minor skeletal anomalies, ventricular septal defect, and autistic behavior. Trio-based WES revealed that the proband has carried a de novo mosaic frameshit variant of the KMT2D gene, namely NM_003482.3:c.13058delG (p.Pro4353Argfs*31) (GRCh37/hg19), for which the mosaicism rate was close to 21%. The variant was unreported previously and was confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) has revealed no pathogenic or likely pathogenic copy number variations. Compared with previously reported cases, our patient has presented obvious behavior anomalies including autism, anxiety and sleep problems, which were rarely reported.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has expanded the spectrum of KMT2D gene variants, enriched the clinical phenotypes of KS1, and facilitated genetic counseling for the family.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Abnormalities, Multiple , China , DNA Copy Number Variations , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Face/abnormalities , Hematologic Diseases , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Vestibular Diseases
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132742

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Endocan, a 50 kDa soluble proteoglycan, also called endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1), is involved in many major cellular activities and has been reported to be overexpressed in inflammatory conditions. This study aims to determine ESM-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from individuals with periodontitis to determine the correlation between the levels of lymphocyte-function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and clinical findings of periodontitis. This study enrolled 27 individuals diagnosed with Stage III-Grade C generalized periodontitis and 16 individuals as healthy controls. Bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were calculated. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was used for detecting the levels of ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 in GCF samples. PPD, BOP, CAL, and GCF volumes were significantly increased in patients with periodontitis in comparison to the control group (p < 0.001). The total amount of ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 levels in GCF were increased in the periodontitis group (p < 0.001). ESM-1 level correlated with PPD, BOP, and CAL (p < 0.05). ICAM-1 level correlated with BOP and CAL (p < 0.05). LFA-1 level correlated with PPD and CAL (p < 0.05). Our data indicate that ESM-1, ICAM-1, and LFA-1 levels are increased in GCF of patients with periodontitis. These molecules could be associated with the pathogenesis and progression of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Chronic Periodontitis , Proteoglycans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Neoplasm Proteins
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(3): 146-151, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098859

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in candidate genes or candidate regions and the development of endometriosis in Brazilian women. Methods A total of 30 women between 25 and 64 years old with a diagnosis of endometriosis participated in the present study, as well as 30 matched control women from the same age group, asymptomatic and without family history of the disease. The patients genotypic and allelic frequencies of polymorphisms in the GREB1 gene (rs13394619) and in the intergenic region at position 7p15.2 (rs12700667) were analyzed and compared. Results There was no significant difference in the frequency of genotypes for the A > G polymorphism (rs13394619) in the GREB1 gene between the two groups. However, the distribution frequencies of the genotypes for the A > G polymorphism (rs12700667) in an intergenic region on chromosome 7 were different for control patients and for patients with endometriosis, with higher frequency of the AG genotype compared to the GG between patients with the disease (odds ratio [OR] = 3.49; confidence interval [CI] = 1.47-8.26). Conclusion The present study suggests that the polymorphism in the intergenic region of chromosome 7 is associated with the risk of developing endometriosis in a population of Brazilian women from Juiz de Fora.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a associação de polimorfismos genéticos em genes candidatos ou regiões candidatas com o desenvolvimento da endometriose em mulheres brasileiras. Métodos Um total de 30 mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose, com idade entre 25 e 64 anos, participaram da presente pesquisa, bem como 30 mulheres controle, na mesma faixa etária, assintomáticas e sem história familiar da doença. Foram analisadas e comparadas as frequências genotípicas e alélicas de polimorfismos no gene GREB1 (rs13394619) e na região intergênica na posição 7p15.2 (rs12700667) nessas pacientes. Resultados Não houve diferença significativa na frequência dos genótipos para o polimorfismo A > G (rs13394619) no gene GREB1 entre os dois grupos. No entanto, as frequências de distribuição dos genótipos para o polimorfismo A > G (rs12700667) em uma região intergênica no cromossomo 7 foram diferentes entre as pacientes controle e com endometriose, com frequência mais alta do genótipo AG comparado ao GG entre as pacientes com a doença (odds ratio [OR] = 3,49; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95% = 1,47-8,26). Conclusão O presente estudo sugere que o polimorfismo na região intergênica do cromossomo 7 foi associado com o risco do desenvolvimento de endometriose em uma população de mulheres de Juiz de Fora.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Endometriosis/genetics , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , White People , Middle Aged
19.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 881-893, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880884

ABSTRACT

Cytokines are secreted by various cell types and act as critical mediators in many physiological processes, including immune response and tumor progression. Cytokines production is precisely and timely regulated by multiple mechanisms at different levels, ranging from transcriptional to post-transcriptional and posttranslational processes. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 induced protein 1 (MCPIP1), a potent immunosuppressive protein, was first described as a transcription factor in monocytes treated with monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and subsequently found to possess intrinsic RNase and deubiquitinase activities. MCPIP1 tightly regulates cytokines expression via various functions. Furthermore, cytokines such as interleukin 1 beta (IL-1B) and MCP-1 and inflammatory cytokines inducer lipopolysaccharide (LPS) strongly induce MCPIP1 expression. Mutually regulated MCPIP1 and cytokines form a complicated network in the tumor environment. In this review, we summarize how MCPIP1 and cytokines reciprocally interact and elucidate the effect of the network formed by these components in cancer-related immunity with aim of exploring potential clinical benefits of their mutual regulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemokine CCL2/immunology , Interleukin-1beta/immunology , Neoplasm Proteins/immunology , Neoplasms/pathology , Ribonucleases/immunology , Transcription Factors/immunology
20.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 825-845, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880875

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate ERK5 expression in lung cancer and malignant melanoma progression and to ascertain the involvement of ERK5 signaling in lung cancer and melanoma. We show that ERK5 expression is abundant in human lung cancer samples, and elevated ERK5 expression in lung cancer was linked to the acquisition of increased metastatic and invasive potential. Importantly, we observed a significant correlation between ERK5 activity and FAK expression and its phosphorylation at the Ser


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , A549 Cells , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 7/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism
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