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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 27(1): 1-18, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1554280

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify and analyze plant extracts used in Brazil for the treatment of oral ulcers and oral mucositis. Material and Methods: A systematic review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD 42018102184) and performed following the PRISMA protocol. The databases searched were PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Scielo, the Brazilian Dentistry Library. Manual searches were also performed. Results: Initially, 440 studies were found, of which 392 were excluded after reading the titles and abstracts. A total of 29 articles were read in full and 11 studies were excluded, resulting in 18 articles included in the systematic review. Nine plant species were identified in five clinical trials and 13 in vivo studies, with Chamomila recutita being the most used (33.3% of the studies). Chamomila recutita showed more promising results for analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and healing properties. Calotropis procera latex significantly decreased (p<0.05) inflammatory mediators, such as TNF-α and IL-1ß in oral mucositis induced in rats. Eupatorium laevigatum showed anti-inflammatory activity and analgesic action on oral ulcers. Carapa guianensis Aubl. reduced the severity and painful symptoms of oral mucositis and exhibited better results compared to the use of low power laser. Curcuma longa L accelerated re-epithelialization and resolution of inflammatory processes. Spondias mombin reduced oxidative stress and inflammation caused by oral mucositis and helped on healing it. Extracts of Aloe barbadensis Miller or Aloe vera showed anti-inflammatory action but did not help in the healing process of oral ulcers. Copaifera reticulata Ducke oil did not induce improvement in the healing process, nor did it show an anti-inflammatory effect. Malva sylvestrisdid not show an anti-inflammatory action on oral lesions in humans or rats. The assessment of methodological heterogeneity showed the impossibility of performing a meta-analysis. Risk of bias varied from low to high. Conclusion: The plant species most used and with the best results for the treatment of oral ulcerations and oral mucositis was Chamomilla recutita. Spondias mombin L., Curcuma longa L., Carapa guianensis Aubl and Calotropis procera showed good results in the treatment of oral mucositis, while Eupatorium laevigatum was efficient in the treatment of ulcers of traumatic origin. Malva sylvestris, Copaifera reticulata Ducke, and Aloe barbadensis Miller did not exhibit significant results (AU)


Objetivo: Identificar e analisar extratos vegetais utilizados no Brasil para o tratamento de úlceras orais e mucosite oral. Material e Métodos: Uma revisão sistemática foi registrada no PROSPERO (CRD 42018102184) e realizada seguindo o protocolo PRISMA. As bases de dados pesquisadas foram PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Scielo, Biblioteca Brasileira de Odontologia. Buscas manuais também foram realizadas. Resultados: Inicialmente, foram encontrados 440 estudos, dos quais 392 foram excluídos após a leitura dos títulos e resumos. Um total de 29 artigos oram lidos na íntegra e 11 estudos foram excluídos, resultando em 18 artigos incluídos na revisão sistemática. Nove espécies vegetais foram identificadas em cinco ensaios clínicos e 13 estudos in vivo, sendo a Chamomila recutita a mais utilizada (33,3% dos estudos). A Chamomila recutita apresentou resultados mais promissores quanto às propriedades analgésicas, anti-inflamatórias e cicatrizantes. O látex de Calotropis procera diminuiu significativamente (p<0,05) os mediadores inflamatórios, como TNF-α e IL-1ß, na mucosite oral induzida em ratos. Eupatorium laevigatumapresentou atividade anti-inflamatória e ação analgésica em úlceras orais. Carapa guianensis Aubl. reduziu a gravidade e os sintomas dolorosos da mucosite oral e apresentou melhores resultados em comparação com o uso do laser de baixa potência. Curcuma longa L. acelerou a reepitelização e resolução de processos inflamatórios. Spondias mombinreduziu o estresse oxidativo e a inflamação causadas pela mucosite oral e ajudou na sua cicatrização. Extratos de Aloe barbadensis Miller ou Aloe vera apresentaram ação anti-inflamatória, mas não auxiliaram no processo de cicatrização de úlceras orais. O óleo de Copaifera reticulata Ducke não induziu melhora no processo cicatricial, nem apresentou efeito anti-inflamatório. Malva sylvestris não apresentou ação anti-inflamatória em lesões orais em humanos ou ratos. A avaliação da heterogeneidade metodológica mostrou a impossibilidade de realizar uma meta-análise. O risco de viés variou de baixo a alto. Conclusão: A espécie vegetal mais utilizada e com melhores resultados para o tratamento de ulcerações orais e mucosite oral foi a Chamomilla recutita. Spondias mombin L., Curcuma longa L., Carapa guianensis Aubl e Calotropis procera apresentaram bons resultados no tratamento da mucosite oral, enquanto Eupatorium laevigatum foi eficiente no tratamento de úlceras de origem traumática. Malva sylvestris, Copaifera reticulata Duckee Aloe barbadensis Miller não apresentaram resultados significativos(AU)


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Stomatitis , Plant Extracts , Oral Ulcer , Mucositis , Phytotherapy
2.
Rev. ADM ; 80(6): 346-350, nov.-dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555527

ABSTRACT

El cáncer oral representa un grave problema de salud a nivel mundial debido a su importante morbilidad y mortalidad. Ocupa la sexta causa de muerte por cáncer y tienen una supervivencia mundial a cinco años cercana a 50%, en gran parte debido a la falta de su reconocimiento en estadios iniciales por parte de los pacientes y de los mismos profesionales de la salud, lo que ocasiona un grave retraso en su diagnóstico y tratamiento. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 64 años de edad con úlceras de larga evolución en la cavidad oral y quien acude a múltiples profesionales de salud sin ser diagnosticada en las fases iniciales de la enfermedad; acude a la Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala en donde se diagnostica carcinoma oral de células escamosas en el maxilar. En el presente artículo se hace énfasis en el reconocimiento de signos clínicos y factores precipitantes que puedan generar sospecha de un crecimiento maligno y así concientizar a los profesionales de la salud para promover la prevención (AU)


Oral cancer represents a serious health problem worldwide due to its significant morbidity and mortality, it is the sixth leading cause of cancer death and has a global 5-year survival rate of 50%, largely due to the lack of recognition in early stages by patients and health professionals themselves, which causes a serious delay in diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of a 64-year-old woman with long-standing ulcers in the oral cavity who went to multiple health professionals without being diagnosed in the initial stages of the disease. She went to the Autonomous University of Tlaxcala where oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in the maxilla was diagnosed. This article emphasizes the recognition of clinical signs and precipitating factors that may generate suspicion of malignant growth and thus raise awareness among health professionals to promote prevention (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Palatal Neoplasms , Schools, Dental , Signs and Symptoms , Causality , Oral Ulcer , Mexico
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 123-130, jun 22, 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444237

ABSTRACT

ntrodução: a própolis é um produto natural que apresenta inúmeras propriedades terapêuticas, dentre elas a ação cicatrizante e anti-inflamatória. Diversos estudos têm sugerido o seu emprego no manejo da mucosite oral (MO) e de lesões ulceradas em mucosa bucal. A MO é uma inflamação da mucosa oral, resultante do tratamento quimio e/ou radioterápico. Já as lesões ulceradas caracterizam-se como um distúrbio ulcerativo inflamatório doloroso. Objetivo: discutir a ação da própolis sobre a prevenção e cicatrização de lesões de origem não infecciosa que acometem a cavidade oral. Metodologia: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura em que foram utilizadas as bases de dados LILACS, PubMed, SciELO e Cochrane, por meio do cruzamento dos descritores em português: "própolis", "úlceras orais" e "mucosite oral"; e em inglês: "propolis", "oral ulcer" e "mucositis". Os seguintes critérios de inclusão foram estabelecidos: ensaios clínicos e revisões sistemáticas, na íntegra, escritos em inglês ou português, entre 2005 e 2018, que utilizaram a própolis de forma tópica ou sistêmica. Resultados: foram incluídos um total de 10 estudos, onde 2 abordaram o uso da própolis em úlceras orais e 8 tiveram como foco a aplicação deste agente no manejo da MO. Quanto ao desfecho, a aplicação da própolis na mucosite se mostrou eficaz em 7 dos 8 estudos. Já se tratando de úlceras orais, a administração deste agente foi efetiva nos 2 estudos. Conclusão: os estudos analisados demostraram que a própolis apresenta propriedades capazes de favorecer a prevenção e cicatrização de lesões de MO e úlceras orais.


Introduction: propolis is a natural product that has numerous therapeutic properties, including healing and anti-inflammatory action. Several studies have suggested its use in the management of oral mucositis (OM) and ulcerated lesions in the oral mucosa. OM is an inflammation of the oral mucosa resulting from chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Whereas ulcerated lesions are characterized as a painful inflammatory ulcerative disorder. Objective: to discuss the action of propolis on the prevention and healing of non-infectious lesions that affect the oral cavity. Methodology: this is an integrative literature review in which LILACS, PubMed, SciELO and Cochrane databases were used, by crossing descriptors in Portuguese: "própolis", "úlceras orais" and "mucosite oral"; and in English: "propolis", "oral ulcer" and "mucositis". The following inclusion criteria were established: clinical trials and systematic reviews, in full, written in English or Portuguese, between 2005 and 2018, which used propolis topically or systemically. Results: a total of 10 studies were included, where 2 addressed the use of propolis in oral ulcers and 8 focused on the application of this agent in the management of OM. As for the outcome, the application of propolis in mucositis proved to be effective in 7 of the 8 studies. As for oral ulcers, the administration of this agent was effective in both studies. Conclusion: the analysed studies demonstrated that propolis has properties capable of help the prevention and healing of OM lesions and oral ulcers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Propolis , Oral Ulcer , Stomatitis
4.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 75-85, abr. 4, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443192

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The SARS CoV 2 infection has resulted in several health, economic, and social crises in all areas. The disease shows a substantial biological diversity in humans causing a series of sequels in the trans- or post-infection period in the entire organism. Case Report: The manifestations that occur in the oral cavity and pharynx have not been evaluated. In this study, two clinical cases are reported. The first patient, a 67-year-old male, presents erosive lesions on the dorsal surface of his tongue after SARS CoV 2 infection. Results: Therapy consisting of reinforcing oral cleaning, use of antifungal solutions, mouthwashes containing superoxidation solution and B complex was given to the patient. The reported lesions improved satisfactorily. The second case, a 47-year-old male patient, presented vesiculobullous lesions on the lingual and labial mucosa accompanied by severe painful symptoms after SARS CoV 2 infection. An incisional biopsy was performed. The histopathological result was compatible with pemphigus vulgaris, and the treatment protocol was started with 0.1% topical mometasone and 2g miconazole gel, observing adequate involution of the lesions after 20 days. Conclusions: The aim of this study is to report on the lesions affecting the oral cavity and pharynx in post-COVID patients with the aim of carrying out a thorough intraoral examination, establishing a clinical or histopathological diagnosis to implement a specific treatment plan in each case to improve the health and quality of life of the patients. Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; Oral manifestations; Oral ulcer; Pemphigus; Mouth; Mucous membrane.


Introducción: La infección por virus de SARS CoV 2 ha dejado a su paso una estela de crisis en materia de salud, económica, social y en todos los ámbitos a la fecha seguimos realizando la observación del comportamiento de la enfermedad en los seres humanos con una diversidad biológica importante y que ha traído como consecuencia una serie de secuelas que se presentan en el periodo trans o posterior a la infección en toda la economía corporal. Reporte de Caso: Se ha evaluado poco las manifestaciones que se presentan en la cavidad bucal y faringe; se presentan dos casos clínicos el primero paciente masculino de 67 años de edad posterior a la infección por SARS CoV 2 presenta diluciones de continuidad en bordes laterales de la lengua se indica terapia y refuerza limpieza bucal, antimicótico, colutorios con solución de superoxidación y complejo B, las úlceras involucionan de manera satisfactoria. Resultados: El segundo caso masculino de 47 años posterior a la infección por SARS CoV 2 debuta con lesiones vesículo-ampollosas en mucosa lingual, labial con sintomatología dolorosa severa, se realiza biopsia incisional donde el resultado histopatológico es compatible con pénfigo vulgar, se inicia protocolo de tratamiento con mometasona tópica al 0.1% y miconazol gel 2g observándose una adecuada involución de las lesiones a los 20 días. Conclusiones: El objetivo de este trabajo es poner en contexto de la comunidad médica y científica las lesiones concernientes a la cavidad bucal y faringe que están presentando los pacientes postcovid con el objetivo de realizar una exhaustiva exploración intraoral, establecer un diagnóstico clínico o histopatológico y con base en esto instaurar un plan de tratamiento específico en cada caso en particular con el fin fundamental de mejorar la salud y calidad de vida del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Oral Ulcer/drug therapy , COVID-19/complications , Oral Manifestations , Pemphigus , Mouth/injuries
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237560, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1518750

ABSTRACT

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is recurrent and painful diseases of the oral mucosa that can be very painful and annoying despite their small size. There is no definitive cure for this disease and the usual treatments are mainly based on pain control. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of honey-lemon spray (mucotin) in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Methods: This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in 2020 at Zahedan University of Medical Sciences on 46 RAS patients. The participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (mucotin) or control groups (Triamcinolone ointment) equally (23 patients in each group). Patients were evaluated for the severity of pain and ulcer size. Evaluations were performed on days 0, 2, 7 of the treatment using VAS. Data were analyzed using ANOVA statistical test. Results: The inner aspect of the lower lip was the most common site of RAS in the participants (48.8%) and the lowest site went for hard palate (2.4%). Four items including pain, burning sensation, necrosis area, and erythematous area were evaluated in both groups. There was no significant difference in all parameters before the treatment period (day 0). The mean pain score, burning sensation, necrosis, erythematous areas were not different in days 0, 2 and 7 between groups respectively (p=0.849, p=0.105, p=0.917, p=0.442). Conclusion: Honey-lemon spray (Mucotin) and topical corticosteroid have similar effects in RAS treating, So Mucotin can be used as the first line of treatment for RAS lesions. This herbal medicine has no side effects


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomatitis, Aphthous , Citrus , Oral Ulcer , Honey , Mouth Mucosa
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 274-279, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens in oral mucositis associated with chemotherapy in hospitalized patients with malignant hematopathy, so as to provide scientific evidences for rational selection of antibiotics and infection prevention and control.@*METHODS@#From July 2020 to June 2022, 167 patients with malignant hematopathy were treated with chemical drugs in the Department of Hematology, Hainan Hospital, and secretions from oral mucosal infected wounds were collected. VITEK2 COMPECT automatic microbial identification system (BioMerieux, France) and bacterial susceptibility card (BioMerieux) were used for bacterial identification and drug susceptibility tests.@*RESULTS@#A total of 352 strains of pathogens were isolated from 167 patients, among which 220 strains of Gram-positive bacteria, 118 strains of Gram-negative bacteria and 14 strains of fungi, accounted for 62.50%, 33.52% and 3.98%, respectively. The Gram-positive bacteria was mainly Staphylococcus and Streptococcus, while Gram-negative bacteria was mainly Klebsiella and Proteus. The resistance of main Gram-positive bacteria to vancomycin, ciprofloxacin and gentamicin was low, and the resistance to penicillin, cefuroxime, ampicillin, cefotaxime, erythromycin and levofloxacin was high. The main Gram-negative bacteria had low resistance to gentamicin, imipenem and penicillin, but high resistance to levofloxacin, cefotaxime, cefuroxime, ampicillin and vancomycin. The clinical data of oral mucositis patients with oral ulcer (severe) and without oral ulcer (mild) were compared, and it was found that there were statistically significant differences in poor oral hygiene, diabetes, sleep duration less than 8 hours per night between two groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Gram-positive bacteria is the main pathogen of oral mucositis in patients with malignant hematopathy after chemotherapy. It is sensitive to glycopeptide antibiotics and aminoglycosides antibiotics. Poor oral hygiene, diabetes and sleep duration less than 8 hours per night are risk factors for oral mucositis with oral ulcer (severe).


Subject(s)
Humans , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Cefuroxime , Levofloxacin , Oral Ulcer/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Ampicillin , Penicillins , Cefotaxime , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gentamicins , Stomatitis/drug therapy
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 866-870, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of oral ulcers and bloodstream infection in patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 401 hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2020 to December 2021 were retrospective analyzed, and the risk factors of oral ulcers and bloodstream infection statistical and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 401 patients, the incidence of oral ulcers was 61.3% (246/401), and the incidence of bloodstream infection was 9.0% (36/401). A total of 40 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 36 patients, including 26 strains of Gram negative strains (65%), 13 strains of Gram positive strains (32.5%), and 1 strain of fungi (2.5%). Single-factor analysis showed that oral hygiene was associated with the occurrence of bloodstream infection, and the Multi-factor analysis showed that age ≥14 years old, disease diagnosis of leukemia, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were risk factors for oral ulcers.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of oral ulcers in patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is high. The age ≥14 years, disease diagnosis of leukemia, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were risk factors for oral ulcers in patients, and oral hygiene was associated with the occurrence of bloodstream infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Retrospective Studies , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Bacteremia/microbiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Sepsis , Risk Factors , Leukemia
8.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(2): 57-62, Dec. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427698

ABSTRACT

Introdução: trauma de mordedura ou úlcera traumática é uma lesão aguda da mucosa oral que tem como etiologia um trauma mecânico ou irritação no tecido mole afetado. Objetivo: relatar um tratamento multidisciplinar de trauma por mordedura autoinflingida em lábio inferior. Relato do caso: paciente com 17 anos de idade, sexo masculino, paraplégico, ficou acamado devido às limitações neuromotoras e, de forma involuntária e reflexa, realizava a mordedura dos lábios. Essa movimentação traumatizava a região do lábio inferior causando a úlcera traumática, que não cicatrizava. Inicialmente foi instalado um protetor bucal de etil vinil acetato, mas o paciente não se adaptou. Então, foi realizado três sessões de laserterapia (fotobiomodulação), semanalmente e de forma pontual, ao longo da úlcera traumática, nas radiações vermelha e infravermelha (660nm; 808nm; 100mW; 2J/cm2 ­ Laser DUO MMO), aliado às bandagens elásticas (o método Therapy Taping®) para evitar a invaginação para cavidade bucal, afastando o lábio inferior dos dentes a fim de evitar o trauma da mucosa oral. Conclusão: a apresentação desse relato demonstrou algumas possibilidades de tratamento de uma lesão traumática, sendo o seu manejo ainda um grande desafio clínico na Odontologia e em especial para pacientes com deficiências motoras e ou cognitivas.


Introduction: bite trauma or traumatic ulcer is an acute injury of the oral mucosa whose etiology is mechanical trauma or irritation of the affected soft tissue. Objective: to report a multidisciplinary treatment of self-inflicted lower lip trauma. Case report: 17-year-old male patient, paraplegic, was bedridden due to neuromotor limitations and, involuntary and reflexive, bit the lips. This movement traumatized the region of the lower lip causing the traumatic ulcer, which did not heal. Initially, an ethyl vinyl acetate mouthguard was installed, but the patient did not adapt. Then, three sessions of laser therapy (photobiomodulation) was performed weekly and point, along the traumatic ulcer, in red and infrared radiation (660nm; 808nm; 100mW; 2J/cm2 ­ Laser DUO MMO), combined with elastic bandages (the Therapy Taping® method) to prevent invagination into the oral cavity, to move the lower lip away from his teeth in order to avoid trauma to the oral mucosa. Conclusion: the presentation of this report demonstrated some possibilities for the treatment of a traumatic injury, and its management is still a major clinical challenge in Dentistry, especially for patients with motor and/or cognitive impairments.


Subject(s)
Male , Adolescent , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Laser Therapy , Disabled Persons , Mouth Protectors
9.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(6): 1142-1146, dic. 2022. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1426866

ABSTRACT

El brote reciente de viruela símica ha despertado el interés de la comunidad internacional por su creciente número de contagiados en países no endémicos. Entre sus síntomas se encuentran la fiebre, dolor de cabeza, fatiga, dolor muscular, exantema y linfadenoma. La cavidad bucal es el lugar en el que suelen aparecer los primeros signos de la enfermedad. Por tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer las principales manifestaciones orales de la viruela del mono y enumerar algunas recomendaciones de prevención. Para ello, se hizo una revisión bibliográfica entre 2012 y 2022 en la base de datos PubMed, usando las palabras clave, en inglés, monkeypox, oral manifestation y transmission. Se garantizó que, de los 14 documentos seleccionados, al menos el 80%, fueran publicaron en 2022. Las manifestaciones orales más frecuentes fueron: úlcera eritematosa, vesículas-ulcerosas y las asociadas a linfadenopatía (disfagia, odinofagia y faringitis). Entre las recomendaciones se encuentran: uso de mascarilla N95 y visores faciales, lavado constante de manos y espacios y atención de contagiados solo por eventos agudos (urgencias). Aunque no se ha confirmado, es posible que el Tecovirimat sea de ayuda en pacientes con sintomatología grave. Se concluye que es necesario que los odontólogos sepan distinguir los signos orales de la enfermedad para que contribuyan a cortar la cadena de contagio y deriven prontamente a los sospechosos para que se hagan las pruebas diagnósticas y las terapias medicamentosas de manera oportuna(AU)


The recent outbreak of monkeypox has aroused the interest of the international community due to its growing number of infections in non-endemic countries. Its symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, muscle pain, rash, and lymphadenoma. The oral cavity is the place where the first signs of the disease usually appear. Therefore, the objective of this work was to establish the main oral manifestations of monkeypox and list some prevention recommendations. For this, a bibliographic review was carried out between 2012 and 2022 in the PubMed database, using the keywords, in English, monkeypox, oral manifestation and transmission. It was guaranteed that, of the 14 selected documents, at least 80% would be published in 2022. The most frequent oral manifestations were: erythematous ulcer, ulcer-vesicles and those associated with lymphadenopathy (dysphagia, odynophagia and pharyngitis). Among the recommendations are: use of N95 mask and face visors, constant washing of hands and spaces, and attention to those infected only due to acute events (emergencies). Although it has not been confirmed, it is possible that Tecovirimat is helpful in patients with severe symptoms. It is concluded that it is necessary for dentists to know how to distinguish the oral signs of the disease so that they contribute to breaking the chain of contagion and promptly refer suspects to diagnostic tests and drug therapies in a timely manner(AU)


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders/prevention & control , Pharyngitis/prevention & control , Oral Ulcer/prevention & control , Dental Offices , Mpox (monkeypox)/prevention & control , Lymphadenopathy/prevention & control , Review Literature as Topic
10.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 884, 30 Diciembre 2022. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415664

ABSTRACT

Los terceros molares son piezas dentarias correspondientes a la dentición permanente y se encuentran por detrás de los segundos molares. Erupcionan entre los 18 y 27 años aproximadamente, tienen variedad de formas, anomalías y disposición diversa. Normalmente se encuentran total o parcialmente retenidos en el hueso maxilar. La retención es muy frecuente y afecta aproximadamente al 75% de la población. La causa principal es por la falta de espacio dentro de la boca. La patología derivada de la retención de un tercer molar puede generar diferentes alteraciones: abscesos, sinusitis, reabsorción de las raíces de los dientes adyacentes, caries del molar retenido y/o del segundo molar, úlceras en la mucosa contigua, podrían generar quistes, ameloblastomas y ulceraciones leucoqueratósicas que pueden degenerar en carcinomas, alteraciones nerviosas o vasomotoras: dolores faciales, trismus, y parálisis facial ipsilateral. Las extracciones profilácticas de terceros molares asintomáticos están justificadas cuando los terceros molares se encuentran bajo prótesis removible que puede estimular su erupción, molares semierupcionados que pueden generar pericoronitis, caries o problemas periodontales; pacientes que van a ser sometidos a radioterapia; cuando el diente incluido interfiera en una cirugía ortognática. Si el molar retenido presenta sintomatología por parte del paciente está aconsejada su extracción quirúrgica.


The third molars are dental pieces corresponding to the permanent dentition and are located behind the second molars. They erupt between the ages of 18 and 27 approximately, have a variety of shapes, anomalies, and diverse dispositions. They are normally fully or partially retained in the maxillary bone. Retention is very frequent and affects approximately 75% of the population. The main cause is due to the lack of space inside the mouth. The pathology derived from the retention of a third molar can generate different alterations: abscesses, sinusitis, resorption of the roots of adjacent teeth, caries of the retained molar and/or second molar, ulcers in the contiguous mucosa, could generate cysts, ameloblastomas and leukokeratotic ulcerations that can degenerate into carcinomas, nervous or vasomotor disorders: facial pain, trismus, and ipsilateral facial paralysis. Prophylactic extractions of asymptomatic third molars are justified when the third molars are under removable prosthesis that can stimulate their eruption, semi-erupted molars that can generate pericoronitis, caries or periodontal problems; patients who are going to undergo radiotherapy; when the included tooth interferes with orthognathic surgery. If the retained molar presents symptoms on the part of the patient, its surgical extraction is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Surgery, Oral , Tooth, Impacted , Tooth, Unerupted , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar, Third , Periodontal Abscess , Root Resorption , Sinusitis , Trismus , Ameloblastoma , Oral Ulcer , Cysts , Dental Caries , Facial Paralysis
11.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 15(1): 25-28, abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385244

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Background: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common oral ulceration. Its prevalence in the general population varies between 5% and 60%, and during the acute period, it causes pain and interferes with basic activities, such as eating, swallowing and talking. Dentoxol® is a medical mouthrinse that cleans, moisturizes and lubricates the mouth, mechanically stimulating local epithelial regeneration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Dentoxol® in improving the general state of patient with minor RAS using two different treatment schemes. Material and methods: Thirty-nine patients with RAS were recruited in a prospective observational pilot study. Two dosing regimens, 5 ml of Dentoxol® twice daily and 5 ml of Dentoxol® three times daily were evaluated. Results: Efficacy to improve the general state was significant superior in "Three time daily" group compared with "twice daily" at 72 h (66% vs 33% respectively). No pain was reported in approximately 90% of cases at 96 h of use in both group without significant differences between the groups in any evaluation time-point. Conclusion: Despite the limitations of these preliminary data, Dentoxol® shows promising beneficial properties for the management of minor RAS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Stomatitis, Aphthous/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer
12.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 22-25, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391412

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A paracoccidioidomicose é uma infecção micótica sistêmica com manifestações pulmonares primária que podem apresentar lesões cutâneas e orais. É mais comum no Brasil e em alguns outros países da América Latina, representando um importante problema de saúde pública devido às suas características potencialmente fatais. Relato de caso: Trabalhador rural de 53 anos, fumante e etilista, apresentando lesão ulcerada de aspecto moriforme em mucosa bucal direita. Realizou-se biópsia incisional cujo laudo histopatológico foi de paracoccidioidomicose. O paciente foi encaminhado ao médico infectologista para tratamento por meio de itraconazol (200mg por dia) por 18 meses. Após 03 meses de tratamento já apresentava regressão da lesão. Considerações Finais: Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho é enfatizar a importância do cirurgião-dentista no reconhecimento das lesões oral e realização da biópsia para o correto diagnóstico e manejo desta doença por meio de um relato de caso clínico... (AU)


Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycotic infection with primary pulmonary manifestations that can present cutaneous and oral lesions. It is more common in Brazil and some other Latin American countries, representing an important public health problem due to its potentially fatal characteristics. Case report: 53-year-old rural worker, smoker and drinker, presenting an ulcerated lesion with a moriform aspect in the right oral mucosa. An incisional biopsy was performed, and the histopathological report was of paracoccidioidomycosis. The patient was referred to the infectious disease physician for treatment with itraconazole (200mg per day) for 18 months. After 03 months of treatment, he already had regression of the lesion. Final Considerations: Therefore, the objective of this paper is to emphasize the importance of the dentist in recognizing oral lesions and performing a biopsy for the correct diag... (AU)


La paracoccidioidomicosis es una infección micótica sistémica con manifestaciones pulmonares primarias que pueden presentar lesiones cutáneas y bucales. Es más común en Brasil y algunos otros países de América Latina, lo que representa un importante problema de salud pública debido a sus características potencialmente fatales. Caso clínico: trabajador rural de 53 años, fumador y bebedor, con lesión ulcerada de aspecto moriforme en mucosa oral derecha. Se realizó biopsia incisional y el informe histopatológico fue de paracoccidioidomicosis. El paciente fue remitido al médico de enfermedades infecciosas para tratamiento con itraconazol (200 mg al día) durante 18 meses. Después de 03 meses de tratamiento, ya tenía regresión de la lesión. Consideraciones finales: Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo es enfatizar la importancia del odontólogo en el reconocimiento de las lesiones bucales y la realización de una biopsia para el correcto diagnóstico y manejo de esta enfermedad a través de la presentación de un caso clínico... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Biopsy , Infection Control , Oral Ulcer , Wounds and Injuries , Communicable Diseases , Lobomycosis
13.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 57-62, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380553

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este trabalho tem como objetivo relatar um caso de Eritema Multiforme (EM) menor desencadeado por amoxicilina oral, tratado a partir de aplicação de laser de baixa intensidade na região afetada pela doença. Relato de caso: Paciente de 12 anos, atendido no Hospital Metropolitano Odilon Behrens (HMOB), apresentando úlceras em mucosa jugal, lábios e língua, disfagia, dislalia e febre, recebeu diagnóstico clínico de EM e tratamento com aplicação de laser vermelho de baixa intensidade, emitindo em 660nm, com potência de 100mW, sendo aplicado uma dose de 33 J/cm², em pontos com distância aproximada de 1 cm entre eles. Houve resolução das lesões em 7 dias após instituição do tratamento. Conclusão: O presente trabalho mostrou que a Terapia de Fotobiomodulação (TF) com laser de baixa intensidade associado à substituição do medicamento detectado como causa foram fundamentais para a resolução do EM, evidenciando as propriedades bioestimulantes do laser nas lesões ulceradas de mucosa bucal.


Aim: This paper aims to report a case of minor Erythema Multiforme (EM) triggered by oral amoxicillin, treated with low-level laser applications in the region affected by the disease. Case report: A 12-year-old patient, treated at the Metropolitan Hospital Odilon Behrens, presenting ulcers in the buccal mucosa, lips, tongue, dysphagia, dyslalia, and fever, received a clinical diagnosis of EM and treatment with low-intensity red laser applications, emitted at 660 nm, with a power of 100 mW, with a dose of 33 J/cm² being applied, in points with an approximate distance of 1 cm between them. The lesions resolved within 7 days after treatment were instituted. Conclusion: This present paper shows a successful therapeutic, non-pharmacological alternative for the management of EM, showing the bio stimulating properties of laser in ulcerated lesions of the oral mucosa.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Erythema Multiforme , Oral Ulcer , Low-Level Light Therapy
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC6367, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364787

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Cemiplimab is a novel programmed death-1 inhibitor recently approved for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Immune-related adverse events derived from cemiplimab are similar to other anti-PD-1 drugs, including gastrointestinal and cutaneous toxicities. Oral immune-related adverse events were not reported with cemiplimab in previous studies; thus this case report warns of the fact that the oral cavity may be a site of immune-related adverse events during programmed death-1 block therapy and that this can lead to significant limitations when not properly treated. The present report describes the case of a patient with locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma metastatic to cervical lymph nodes who developed dysphagia due to large and painful oral ulcers after a single dose of cemiplimab. The patient also exhibited a sarcoid-like reaction in mediastinal lymph nodes. No immune-related adverse events were found in any other organs. The oral lesions showed significant improvement after topical and short-course systemic corticosteroids, and low-level laser therapy was also performed in the oral lesions. The patient achieved a near-complete response and treatment was discontinued. This article discusses in detail the clinical outcomes and oral toxicity management of cemiplimab therapy for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Lymph Nodes
15.
Archives of Orofacial Sciences ; : 151-156, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT@#Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare multisystem disease. Although GPA is rare, it commonly presents in a localised stage where its manifestation involves the upper or lower respiratory tract before progressing to a generalised stage. Therefore, most patients with GPA will visit an oral surgeon or an otolaryngologist to seek treatment. However, the diagnosis of GPA is often delayed as GPA is not frequently considered as a differential diagnosis in common oral and facial diseases. The lack of gold standard investigation for the diagnosis of GPA makes management of this case, a diagnostic conundrum. We herein report a patient who was diagnosed with bilateral acute otitis media and left mastoiditis complicated with facial nerve palsy, and later developed tongue ulceration one month after his initial presentation. The ear, facial and oral symptoms represent a diagnostic red herring to a full-blown generalised stage of GPA.


Subject(s)
Facial Paralysis , Oral Ulcer , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
16.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 28-28, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939847

ABSTRACT

The complexity of oral ulcerations poses considerable diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to oral specialists. The expert consensus was conducted to summarize the diagnostic work-up for difficult and complicated oral ulcers, based on factors such as detailed clinical medical history inquiry, histopathological examination, and ulceration-related systemic diseases screening. Not only it can provide a standardized procedure of oral ulceration, but also it can improve the diagnostic efficiency, in order to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Oral Ulcer/therapy
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-5, abr. 30, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381598

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia is an uncommon condition of the oral mucosa with a chronic course, usually affecting the tongue. Case Report: Clinically it presents as a chronic ulcer, with raised and indurated borders, rarely presented as a tumor. Histologically it shows a diffuse mixed inflammatory infiltrate, rich in eosinophils. The etiology of this lesion is still unclear; however, chronic irritation from traumatic agents is considered a major initiating factor. In some cases, the presence of CD30+ mononuclear cells within the lesions suggest the possibility of a CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorder. This article presents a case of a traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia manifested in a 56-year-old female with a solitary ulcerated tumor inside the right cheek. Conclusion: It was diagnosed based on clinical data and histopathological features. In a brief literature review, the entity has been characterized, analyzing its etiology and nature.


Introducción: El granuloma ulcerativo traumático con eosinofilia estromal es una afección infrecuente de la mucosa oral de curso crónico, que suele afectar a la lengua. Case Report: Clínicamente se presenta como una úlcera crónica, con bordes elevados e indurados, rara vez se presenta como un tumor. Histológicamente muestra un infiltrado inflamatorio mixto difuso, rico en eosinófilos. La etiología de esta lesión aún no está clara; sin embargo, la irritación crónica por agentes traumáticos se considera un factor de iniciación importante. En algunos casos, la presencia de células mononucleares CD30 + dentro de las lesiones sugiere la posibilidad de un trastorno linfoproliferativo CD30+. En este artículo se presenta el caso de un granuloma ulcerativo traumático con eosinofilia estromal que se manifiesta en una mujer de 56 años con un tumor ulcerado solitario en el interior de la mejilla derecha. Conclusión: Se diagnosticó con base en datos clínicos y características histopatológicas. En una breve revisión de la literatura se ha caracterizado la entidad, analizando su etiología y naturaleza.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Eosinophilic Granuloma/diagnosis , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Eosinophilia , Granuloma , Mouth Mucosa
18.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 78(2): 91-94, Mar.-Apr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249112

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. China reported the first case of COVID-19 in December 2019, and a few months later, the World Health Organization declared it as a pandemic. Oral ulcers in adult patients have been associated with COVID-19. However, no cases have yet been documented in children. The angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) receptor has been identified in tissues of the oral cavity. Studies have identified the tongue as the site with the highest expression of ACE2, and the oral epithelium, gingival epithelium, and salivary glands as sites of lesser extent expression. ACE2 expression is lower in children and varies with age. SARS-CoV-2 in saliva has been identified in various studies, which suggests that this could be a useful sample for diagnosis. However, its presence in saliva would indicate the high risk of contagion of this fluid.


Resumen La COVID-19 es una nueva enfermedad causada por el SARS-CoV-2 (coronavirus tipo 2 del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave). El primer caso de COVID-19 se reportó en China en diciembre de 2019, y unos meses después la Organización Mundial de la Salud la declaró como una pandemia. En pacientes adultos se han asociado úlceras orales a la COVID-19; en niños aún no se han documentado casos. El receptor de la enzima convertidora de la angiotensina 2 (ECA2) se ha identificado en tejidos de la cavidad oral. Los estudios han identificado que la lengua es el sitio con mayor expresión del receptor de la ECA2, y el epitelio bucal, el epitelio gingival y las glándulas salivales lo son en menor medida. La expresión de la ECA2 es menor en los niños y va aumentando con la edad. En diversos estudios se ha identificado el SARS-CoV-2 en la saliva, lo que sugiere que podría ser una muestra útil para el diagnóstico de este virus. Sin embargo, su presencia en saliva indicaría un alto riesgo de contagio de este fluido.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Oral Health , Oral Ulcer/virology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , COVID-19/complications , Saliva/virology , Age Factors , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Mouth/virology
19.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020217, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142400

ABSTRACT

Angiosarcoma is a rare neoplasm, constituting only 2% of all the soft tissue tumors and most frequently involves the skin of the head and neck region in elderly males. They are extremely aggressive tumors with high rates of metastasis and poor outcomes. We report a unique case of angiosarcoma involving an unusual site - upper alveolus and maxilla in a young patient highlighting the diagnostic challenges in such a scenario. A 29 years old female presented with a non-healing wound of the oral cavity, which had progressed to the current maximum size of 6.4 cm within one month. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan revealed the involvement of maxilla up to the floor of the orbit and adjacent soft tissue. However, no distant metastasis was detected on Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan. Biopsy of the lesion showed an irregular, highly pleomorphic, and mitotically active epithelioid soft tissue tumor conclusively diagnosed as angiosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications , Hemangiosarcoma , Oral Ulcer , Rare Diseases
20.
Femina ; 49(3): 187-192, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224085

ABSTRACT

A ocorrência de úlceras genitais em adolescentes e mulheres jovens tem impacto emocional para as pacientes e seus familiares, pela frequente associação com uma possível etiologia de transmissão sexual. Porém, úlcera de Lipschütz e síndrome de Behçet não têm etiologia infecciosa e devem ser lembradas como possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais. O diagnóstico dessas duas patologias é clínico e pode ser desafiador. Dessa forma, foi realizada uma revisão na literatura com o objetivo de comparar as duas entidades. A úlcera de Lipschütz é causada por uma vasculite local e caracteriza-se pelo surgimento súbito de úlceras na vulva ou vagina inferior. Já a doença de Behçet é causada por vasculite sistêmica, com episódios de remissão e exacerbação, que pode envolver quase todos os sistemas orgânicos. Em ambos os casos, é essencial o referenciamento para reumatologia. O tratamento objetiva suprimir exacerbações, controlar a dor e prevenir infecção secundária.(AU)


The occurrence of genital ulcers in adolescents and young women have an emotional impact for the patient and their families, due to the frequent association of its etiology with a sexually transmitted disease. However, Lipschütz ulcer and Behçet's syndrome do not have an infectious etiology and should be remembered as a possible differential diagnoses. As the diagnosis of these two pathologies is clinical and can be challenging, a review of literature was carried out. The objective of this review of literature was to compare both diseases. Lipschütz ulcer is caused by local vasculitis and is characterized by the sudden appearance of ulcers in the vulva or lower vagina. Behçet's syndrome is caused by systemic vasculitis, with episodes of remission and exacerbation, which can affect almost all organ systems. In both cases, referral to rheumatology is essential. Treatment aims to suppress exacerbations, control pain and prevent secondary infection.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Behcet Syndrome/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer , Systemic Vasculitis/complications , Systemic Vasculitis/diagnosis , Systemic Vasculitis/drug therapy , Prognosis , Uveitis , Vulvar Diseases , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
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