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1.
Femina ; 49(3): 187-192, 20210331. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224085

ABSTRACT

A ocorrência de úlceras genitais em adolescentes e mulheres jovens tem impacto emocional para as pacientes e seus familiares, pela frequente associação com uma possível etiologia de transmissão sexual. Porém, úlcera de Lipschütz e síndrome de Behçet não têm etiologia infecciosa e devem ser lembradas como possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais. O diagnóstico dessas duas patologias é clínico e pode ser desafiador. Dessa forma, foi realizada uma revisão na literatura com o objetivo de comparar as duas entidades. A úlcera de Lipschütz é causada por uma vasculite local e caracteriza-se pelo surgimento súbito de úlceras na vulva ou vagina inferior. Já a doença de Behçet é causada por vasculite sistêmica, com episódios de remissão e exacerbação, que pode envolver quase todos os sistemas orgânicos. Em ambos os casos, é essencial o referenciamento para reumatologia. O tratamento objetiva suprimir exacerbações, controlar a dor e prevenir infecção secundária.(AU)


The occurrence of genital ulcers in adolescents and young women have an emotional impact for the patient and their families, due to the frequent association of its etiology with a sexually transmitted disease. However, Lipschütz ulcer and Behçet's syndrome do not have an infectious etiology and should be remembered as a possible differential diagnoses. As the diagnosis of these two pathologies is clinical and can be challenging, a review of literature was carried out. The objective of this review of literature was to compare both diseases. Lipschütz ulcer is caused by local vasculitis and is characterized by the sudden appearance of ulcers in the vulva or lower vagina. Behçet's syndrome is caused by systemic vasculitis, with episodes of remission and exacerbation, which can affect almost all organ systems. In both cases, referral to rheumatology is essential. Treatment aims to suppress exacerbations, control pain and prevent secondary infection.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Behcet Syndrome/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer , Systemic Vasculitis/complications , Systemic Vasculitis/diagnosis , Systemic Vasculitis/drug therapy , Prognosis , Uveitis , Vulvar Diseases , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020217, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142400

ABSTRACT

Angiosarcoma is a rare neoplasm, constituting only 2% of all the soft tissue tumors and most frequently involves the skin of the head and neck region in elderly males. They are extremely aggressive tumors with high rates of metastasis and poor outcomes. We report a unique case of angiosarcoma involving an unusual site - upper alveolus and maxilla in a young patient highlighting the diagnostic challenges in such a scenario. A 29 years old female presented with a non-healing wound of the oral cavity, which had progressed to the current maximum size of 6.4 cm within one month. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan revealed the involvement of maxilla up to the floor of the orbit and adjacent soft tissue. However, no distant metastasis was detected on Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan. Biopsy of the lesion showed an irregular, highly pleomorphic, and mitotically active epithelioid soft tissue tumor conclusively diagnosed as angiosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications , Hemangiosarcoma , Oral Ulcer , Rare Diseases
3.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(4): 308-316, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289336

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La enfermedad de Behcet es una entidad clínica autoinflamatoria, de etiología desconocida, generalmente con compromiso sistémico, con un patrón de exacerbación y remisión frecuente que se asocia a retraso en el diagnóstico. El diagnóstico de esta enfermedad es complejo, por esta razón presentamos 4 casos de pacientes con enfermedad de Behcet, que durante el abordaje clínico fueron consideradas otras enfermedades de naturaleza autoinmune. La revisión integrada de la historia clínica, la aparición de úlceras orales y genitales, así como el estudio de tipificación del complejo mayor de histocompatibilidad (HLA) permitieron diagnosticar la enfermedad de Behcet.


ABSTRACT Behcet disease is a rare autoinflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology and is characterised by systemic manifestations with an exacerbation-remission pattern, often associated with diagnostic delay. The diagnostic approach to this disease is complex. A report is given on four cases of patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for Behcet disease. Other autoimmune rheumatic diseases were considered in the clinical approach. A meticulous clinical evaluation, taking into consideration relapsing aphthous ulcers in oral mucosa and genitalia, and HLA typing allowed a proper diagnosis of Behcet disease to be made.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rheumatology , Behcet Syndrome , Oral Ulcer , Rare Diseases , Diagnosis
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 572-574, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134540

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las úlceras orales (UO) son uno de los signos de toxicidad por metotrexato (Mtx) aún en pacientes con esquemas de dosis bajas para el control de artritis reumatoide (AR). En estos casos establecer un diagnóstico correlacionando UO con el medicamento puede ser un reto. Presentamos 2 casos clínicos de pacientes con AR en tratamiento con Mtx, las cuales desarrollaron UO. En los dos casos, interesantemente los pacientes fueron evaluados tanto por especialistas del área médica y oral sin tener un resultado satisfactorio después de múltiples tratamientos. Las UO resolvieron posterior a la suspensión del medicamento. Se estableció el diagnóstico de Estomatitis por Metotrexato (EMtx) por un especialista en medicina oral. El manejo multidisciplinario en estos casos es clave para el establecimiento de un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno.


ABSTRACT: Oral ulcers (OU) are a sign of methotrexate (Mtx) toxicity, even in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that are under a low-dose regime. In those cases, establishing a diagnosis correlating OU with the medication can be quite a challenge. Here we present 2 clinical cases of RA patients under Mtx treatment that developed OU. Interestingly, in both cases the patients were evaluated by two specialists in the medical and dentistry area, and following multiple treatments there was no satisfactory result. However, oral ulcers resolved after stopping the treatment. A diagnosis of Metotrexato stomatitis was established (SMtx) by a specialist in oral medicine. Multidisciplinary management in these cases is key for the establishment of an opportune diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Stomatitis, Aphthous/diagnosis , Methotrexate/adverse effects , Oral Ulcer/diagnosis , Oral Ulcer/therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Oral Ulcer/complications , Oral Ulcer/chemically induced , Toxicity
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 57-62, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121186

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir la importancia del reconocimiento oportuno del trauma crónico de la mucosa bucal producido por un elemento dentario que generó una lesión erróneamente diagnosticada como neoplasia maligna. Caso clínico: Una paciente de sexo femenino, de 79 años de edad, realizó una consulta estomatológica por una lesión lingual con un diagnóstico presuntivo de cáncer. Tras la inspección de la cavidad bucal y el estudio anatomopatológico se diagnosticó úlcera asociada a trauma dentario. La intervención terapéutica odontológica (eliminación del trauma) resolvió el cuadro cínico. Conclusión: El trauma crónico en la mucosa bucal puede generar lesiones sobre mucosa sana o bien complicar una patología preexistente. En el presente caso, la inspección de la cavidad bucal con la identificación y la eliminación del trauma lograron la reparación de la lesión. El estudio anatomopatológico precisó el diagnóstico de ulceración asociada a trauma dentario (AU)


Aim: The aim of this case report is to show the importance of the early diagnosis of a traumatic lesion of the oral mucosa arising from a posterior broken tooth that was initially misdiagnosed as oral cancer. Case report: A 79-year-old female attends an appointment with the oral medicine specialist for a lesion on the lateral side of the tongue with a presumptive diagnosis of oral cancer. The examination of the oral cavity and the anatomopathological diagnosis confirmed the presence of an ulcer associated with dental trauma. The lesion healed completely with the elimination of the trauma. Conclusion: Chronic trauma in the oral cavity can produce lesions in the oral mucosa or exacerbate preexisting lesions. In this case report a thorough oral examination showed a broken tooth as the cause of trauma and after its removal the lesion healed completely. The result of the biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of an oral ulcer associated with dental trauma (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tongue Diseases/diagnosis , Oral Ulcer/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Errors , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Root/pathology , Biopsy
6.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 11-16, ene.-feb. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087826

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La epidemiología sobre alteraciones en tejidos blandos bucales es limitada cuando se compara con caries, enfermedades periodontales y maloclusiones, por lo que su estudio representa un paso adelante en la odontología más allá de los dientes. Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia de las lesiones bucales en tejido blando encontradas en la Clínica de Estomatología de la Facultad de Odontología de la ULA, del 2015 al 2018, con la finalidad de proporcionar una fuente de datos actualizada, que oriente a una mejor prevención y oportuno diagnóstico. Material y métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, documental, retrospectiva y multivariable. Resultados: De 1,000 fichas clínicas estudiadas, las patologías más frecuentes fueron: lengua saburral (50.6%), queilitis (33.4%), traumatismo de la mucosa de los carrillos (27.6%), várices linguales (18.3%), anquiloglosia (13.7%) y agrandamiento de rugas palatinas (11.7%). La zona con mayor alteración fue la lengua (92.1%), mientras que el paladar fue la menos afectada (29%). De los hábitos predisponentes a la formación de lesiones, el mordisqueo de mucosa fue el más común (16.5%). En cuanto a los factores locales asociados, una higiene oral regular/ deficiente resultó el principal (53.8%). Conclusión: La educación del paciente sigue siendo considerada la clave para disminuir la aparición de patologías y su evolución a entidades más graves (AU)


Introduction: Epidemiological studies on soft tissue alterations in the mouth are limited when compared with caries, periodontal diseases and malocclusions, so their study represents a step forward in dentistry beyond the teeth. Objective: To describe the prevalence of soft tissue oral lesions found in the Stomatology Clinic of the ULA School of Dentistry, from 2015 to 2018, in order to provide an up-to-date data source, to guide better prevention and timely diagnosis. Material and methods: A descriptive and documentary, retrospective and multivariable research was carried out. The statistical package IBM SPSS Statistics v 23 was applied for the analysis. Results: 1,000 clinical records studied, the most frequent pathologies were: saburral tongue (50.6%), cheilitis (33.4%), traumatism of the cheek mucosa (27.6%), lingual varices (18.3%), ankyloglossia (13.7%) and enlargement of palatal rugas (11.7%). The tongue was the most affected (92.1%), while the palate was the least affected (29%). Of the predisposing habits to the formation of lesions, mucosal nipping was the most common (16.5%). Regarding the associated local factors, a regular / deficient oral hygiene was the main one (53.8%). Conclusion: Patient education is still considered the key to diminish not only the appearance of pathologies but their evolution to more serious entities (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases/classification , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Schools, Dental , Stomatitis, Aphthous/epidemiology , Tongue, Fissured/epidemiology , Tongue Habits , Tongue, Hairy/epidemiology , Leukoplakia, Oral/epidemiology , Cheilitis/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Colombia , Oral Ulcer/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Glossitis, Benign Migratory/epidemiology , Macroglossia/epidemiology
7.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 28-36, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087974

ABSTRACT

Las alteraciones hematológicas pueden tener el primer signo en la cavidad oral y los signos varían dependiendo de la línea celular que se encuentre afectada: eritrocitos, leucocitos y plaquetas. La formación de las células sanguíneas se lleva a cabo en la médula ósea a través de un proceso denominado hematopoyesis que se encarga de la formación, desarrollo y especialización de todas sus células sanguíneas funcionales, pasan de células troncales pluripotenciales a células hematopoyéticas maduras que emergen a la sangre periférica. El odontólogo debe ser capaz de identificar los distintos signos en la cavidad oral que podrían sugerir que el paciente padece un trastorno hematológico, el cual podría complicar el tratamiento dental. La identificación oportuna de estos signos a través de una minuciosa exploración física y la historia clínica completa evita que se presenten complicaciones en el paciente y que éstas puedan poner en riesgo su vida, por lo que al encontrar algún signo sugerente de un trastorno hematológico debe referirse al paciente con el hematólogo (AU)


Hematological alterations may be the first sign in the oral cavity and symptoms vary depending on the cell line that is affected: Erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. The formation of blood cells are held in the bone marrow through a process called hematopoiesis, which is responsible for training, development and specialization in all its functional blood cells, they move from pluripotent stem cell to hematopoietic cells mature emerging to peripheral blood. The dentist must be able to identify the different signs in the oral cavity that could suggest that the patient has a haematological disorder, which could complicate dental treatment. The timely identification of these signs through a thorough physical examination and the complete clinical history prevents complications from occurring in the patient and may put their lives at risk, so when finding any sign suggestive of a hematological disorder should refer to the patient with the hematologist (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Manifestations , Blood Coagulation Disorders/classification , Hematologic Diseases , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Platelets , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Oral Ulcer , Erythrocytes , Leukocytes
8.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(2): 117-124, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148049

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a topical mucoadhesive formulation with Curcuma longa L. extract (MFC) on oral wound healing. Methods: Seventy-two Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups: Control, Vehicle, and MFC. Traumatic ulcers were made on the dorsum of the tongue with a 3-mm diameter punch. Vehicle and MFC groups received application of the products twice a day, while animals in the control group were cared for in identical conditions but received no product application. Six rats in each group were euthanized at days 3, 5, 10, and 14. Percentage of repair was calculated based on wound area. HE-stained histological sections were obtained for semi-quantitative analysis of re-epithelization and inflammation. Results: Clinical findings revealed that at days 3 and 5, animals from the MFC group exhibited a significantly higher percentage of wound repair. At day 5, animals from this group also demonstrated a significant increase in the degree of re-epithelization and inflammation. Conclusions: MFC is capable of accelerating oral wound repair in an in vivo model by modulating the inflammatory process and stimulating epithelial proliferation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Oral Ulcer/therapy , Curcuma , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Skin Cream/therapeutic use
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20(supl.1): e0138, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Many viral infections cause oral manifestations, including disorders in odontogenesis, resulting in dental malformations. In this review, based on current knowledge, we will discuss the likely dental and oral consequences of COVID-19. In this article, we review currently available data associated with vertical transmission of COVID-19 and odontogenesis, oral manifestations, and the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on a diagnosis of oral diseases. Owing to the severity of the pandemic, the population's anxiety and fear of becoming infected with COVID-19 may underestimate the signs and symptoms of serious illnesses, besides discourage patients from seeking health, medical or dental services to determine the diagnosis of oral lesions. Thus, the COVID-19 pandemic could be an additional and aggravating factor for the delay of serious illness diagnosis, such as oral squamous cell carcinoma resulting in higher morbidity and worse prognosis. Several changes and oral lesions have been described as oral manifestations of COVID-19, such as dysgeusia, oral ulcers, petechiae, reddish macules, desquamative gingivitis, among others. Besides, it can cause major systemic changes and predispose opportunistic infections. As with other viral infections, oral manifestations, including dental anomalies, can occur as a direct result of SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, further studies are needed to guide and clarify possible oral changes.


Subject(s)
Tooth Abnormalities/pathology , Oral Health , Coronavirus , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Odontogenesis , Oral Manifestations , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/psychology , Oral Ulcer/pathology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135579

ABSTRACT

Abstract The world is under the threat of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Despite several efforts to contain the disease spread, it still constitutes a public health emergency of international concern. Several published reports in the scientific literature called attention of the oral cavity as the potential route of infection, the implications for dental practice and the use of saliva in the diagnose of the COVID-19. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the literature on the salivary glands and saliva in the context of SARS-CoV-2 infection. A brief discussion of taste disturbances and oral findings in COVID-19 patients is also presented. The literature shows that SARS-CoV-2 could infect the salivary glands. It is not possible, however, to make speculations regarding them as reservoirs for the SARS-CoV-2. In addition, patients with COVID-19 presented several oral repercussions, including hyposalivation and taste disturbances. A few reports showed oral ulcers and blisters associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, it remains not fully understood and might lead to erroneous assumptions. Overall, further studies are necessary to understand the real role of salivary glands and saliva in the context of SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
Saliva , Salivary Glands , Public Health , Coronavirus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/pathology , Xerostomia , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Ulcer
11.
Rev. cuba. med ; 58(4): e894, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139033

ABSTRACT

En este trabajo se presentó a un paciente de 32 años que ingresó por pérdida de peso, decaimiento, orinas turbias y dolor en región inguinal derecha. Se describió la evolución clínica, los estudios imagenológicos y de laboratorio que permitieron diagnosticar la presencia del Síndrome de Behçet. Los principales signos presentados por el paciente fueron: ulceraciones bucales recurrentes, la presencia de uveítis anterior y trombosis venosas profundas en miembros inferiores. El cuadro clínico del paciente y la valoración conjunta de varias especialidades médicas constituyeron los factores claves para establecer el diagnóstico definitivo. La evolución del paciente fue satisfactoria con el tratamiento de prednisona y anticoagulantes(AU)


This paper reports a 32-year-old male patient who was hospitalized for weight loss, decay, cloudy urine and pain in the right inguinal region. The clinical evolution, imaging and laboratory studies allowed diagnosing Behçet Syndrome. The patient showed main signs as recurrent mouth ulcerations, anterior uveitis and deep vein thrombosis in the lower limbs. The clinical condition of this patient and the joint assessment of various medical specialties were the key factors in establishing the definitive diagnosis. The patient´s evolution was satisfactory treated with prednisone and anticoagulants(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Behcet Syndrome/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Lower Extremity/physiopathology
13.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 21(1): e44, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093802

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las aftas y ulceraciones bucales constituyen un motivo frecuente de consulta al estomatólogo. El afta es una forma particular de ulceración bucal. La aftosis se define por el carácter recidivante de aftas múltiples que evolucionan por episodios de 3-10 días y se repiten por lo menos dos veces al año. Objetivo: Abordar los principales aspectos de la Enfermedad de Behçet que podrían ser útiles al estomatólogo. Desarrollo: La enfermedad de Behçet es una vasculitis sistémica inmunomediada caracterizada por una triada característica de lesiones oculares, úlceras orales y genitales recurrentes. La aftosis bucal y la enfermedad de Behçet parecen deberse al mismo mecanismo patogénico, pero aún falta por encontrar las razones por las cuáles la primera se limita a la cavidad bucal y la segunda es sistémica. Debido a que las úlceras orales recurrentes se encuentran en de igual forma en esta enfermedad y la EB, debe considerarse como diagnóstico diferencial de EB. Conclusiones: El papel de los estomatólogos es importante para establecer el diagnóstico de Enfermedad de Behçet, ya que podrían ser los primeros en detectarla. Las úlceras orales recurrentes son un síntoma inicial común de EB. Se requiere un enfoque multidisciplinario para diagnosticar y tratar la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Aphthae and oral ulcers are a frequent reason for consulting the stomatologist. Aphthous are a particular form of oral ulceration. Aphtosis is defined by the recurrent nature of multiple aphthae that progress through episodes of 3-10 days and are repeated at least twice a year. Objective: To describe the main aspects of the Behçet disease that could be useful to the stomatologist. Development: Behçet's disease is an immune-mediated systemic vasculitis characterized by a characteristic triad of ocular lesions, recurrent oral and genital ulcers. Oral aphtosis and Behçet's disease seem to be due to the same pathogenic mechanism, but we still have to find the reasons why the former is limited to the oral cavity and the latter is systemic. Because recurrent oral ulcers are found in the same way in this disease and EB, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis of EB. Conclusions: The role of stomatologists is important to establish the diagnosis of Behçet's disease, since they could be the first to detect it. Recurrent oral ulcers are a common initial symptom of EB. A multidisciplinary approach is required to diagnose and treat the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomatitis, Aphthous , Eye Injuries , Behcet Syndrome , Oral Ulcer , Diagnosis, Differential , Systemic Vasculitis , Mouth
14.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(1): e2018046, Jan.-Mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987538

ABSTRACT

Oral involvement is rarely found in histoplasmosis, except in its disseminated form, which is mostly observed in the severely immunocompromised host. Herein, we presented the case of a 36-year-old female with a previous history of liver transplant, who was hospitalized due to fever, chills, night sweats, diarrhea, and painful oral lesions over the last 3 days. The oral examination revealed the presence of painful shallow ulcers lined by a pseudomembrane in the gingiva and the soft and hard palate. The initial working diagnosis comprised cytomegalovirus reactivation or herpes simplex virus infection. The diagnostic work-up included incisional biopsies of the gingiva and the sigmoid colon. Both biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of histoplasmosis. Intravenous itraconazole was administered with significant improvement after 7 days. Although oral involvement is rare, histoplasmosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of oral lesions, particularly when the patient is immunosuppressed. This study reports a rare presentation of histoplasmosis involving the mucosa of the oral cavity and the colon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Histoplasmosis/diagnosis , Immunosuppression , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Oral Ulcer/pathology , Histoplasmosis/pathology
15.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(1): 105-109, mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004390

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La sífilis es una infección de transmisión sexual causada por la bacteria Treponema pallidum. En los últimos años ha habido un aumento en la incidencia de esta enfermedad debido a la creciente infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) e inmunodepresión. Conocida como "la gran imitadora" son muchos los signos y síntomas que puede simular, siendo la presentación orofaríngea infrecuente. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 31 años de edad que acude a nuestro servicio por clínica de otitis media serosa bilateral. En la exploración física se objetiva una masa en cavum y una ulceración en pared faríngea posterior que se biopsia en consultas externas siendo el resultado un intenso infiltrado inflamatorio crónico de probable origen infeccioso, por lo que se decidió tomar una nueva biopsia bajo anestesia general. El día de la intervención, el paciente refirió la aparición de un exantema eritematoso generalizado, pero de predominio palmo-plantar. Interrogado sobre sus antecedentes, el paciente reconoció conductas sexuales de riesgo y ser portador VIH, por lo que se orientó el diagnóstico hacia una probable sífilis secundaria que se confirmó posteriormente mediante serología. Las lesiones de orofaringe, la masa del cavum y el exantema remitieron con tratamiento antibiótico y corticoideo pautado. Cuando las manifestaciones de cabeza y cuello constituyen la presentación inicial de la sífilis, su diagnóstico se retrasa con frecuencia debido al desconocimiento por parte del médico de primaria, e incluso del otorrinolaringólogo, de las formas típicas de presentación en esta localización. Su diagnóstico precoz es fundamental para prevenir la extensión de la enfermedad.


ABSTRACT Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum. Over the last years there has been an increase of the incidence of this disease due to the growing infection by the human inmunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the inmunosupression. Known as "the great imitator", there are many signs and symptoms that can simulate, being the oropharyngeal presentation infrequent. We present the case of a 31-year-old man who came to our service for bilateral otitis media. Physical examination revealed a mass in the cavum and ulceration in the posterior pharyngeal wall that was biopsied in the outpatient clinic. The result was an intense chronic inflammatory infiltrate of probable infectious origin, so it was decided to take a new biopsy under general anesthesia. On the day of the intervention, the patient reported the appearance of a generalized erythematous rash, but predominantly on the bottoms of the feet and on the palms of the hands. Questioned about his background, the patient recognized risky sexual behavior and being an HIV carrier, so the diagnosis was oriented towards a probable secondary syphilis that was subsequently confirmed by serology. The ulcerations of the oropharynx, the mass of the cavum and the rash subsided with antibiotic treatment and corticoid regimen. When the manifestations of the head and neck are the initial presentation of syphilis, its diagnosis is often delayed due to the lack of knowledge of the physicians of the typical presentation forms in this location. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent the spread of the disease and its complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Syphilis/complications , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Otitis Media , Penicillins/therapeutic use , Treponema pallidum , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/microbiology , Oral Ulcer/microbiology , Erythema/etiology
16.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(3): 25-31, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1052190

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Patients in intensive care unit (ICU) may present oral alterations asa result of patients' systemic conditions, the use of medications, intubation orpoor oral hygiene. Oral alterations should be detected and treated because theymay aggravate patients' condition. The objective of this study was to evaluate thetypes and frequencies of clinically detected oral alterations in inpatients of an ICU.Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which an oral evaluation of patientshospitalized in an ICU of a public hospital was performed. Demographic, socialand clinical characteristics were collected from medical records. Oral examswere performed by two trained dentists, with reliability checked by intra-classcorrelation coefficient, while patients were lying in the hospital bed, using a frontalheadlamp, tongue depressor and sterile gauze. All data were recorded in studyprotocol forms and transferred to a data base for analysis. Results: Thirty-sevenpatients, with similar distribution between genders, withmedian age of 62 yearswere evaluated. The most frequent causes for hospitalization were postoperativecare (51.35%) and respiratory problems (29.72%). About 90% of the inpatientspresented some type of oral alterations during the hospitalization period. Themost common clinical alterations were dry lips (86.5%); coated tongue (61.1%);paleness of the oral mucosa (54.1%); oral foci of infection (37.8%) and candidiasis(13.5%). Conclusion: The majority of inpatients of the ICU presented some type oforal alteration, and the most frequent were dry lips and coated tongue. Dataobserved in this study reinforce the need of the dental team support during theperiod of hospitalization.


Introdução: Pacientes em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) podem apresentaralterações orais como resultado das condições sistêmicas dos pacientes, uso demedicamentos, intubação ou falta de higiene bucal. Alterações orais devem serdetectadas e tratadas, pois podem agravar a condição do paciente. O objetivodeste estudo foi avaliar os tipos e frequências de alterações orais clinicamentedetectadas em pacientes internados em uma UTI. Métodos: Estudo transversalem que foi realizada avaliação oral de pacientes internados em uma UTI de umhospital público. Características demográficas, sociais e clínicas foram coletadasdos prontuários médicos. Os exames orais foram realizados por dois dentistastreinados, com confiabilidade verificada pelo coeficiente de correlação intra-classe, enquanto os pacientes estavam deitados na cama do hospital, utilizandofrontal, abaixador de língua e gaze estéril. Todos os dados foram registrados emformulários de protocolo do estudo e transferidos para uma base de dados paraanálise. Resultados: Foram avaliados 37 pacientes, com distribuição semelhanteentre os sexos, com mediana de idade de 62 anos. As causas mais frequentes deinternação foram cuidados pós-operatórios (51,35%) e problemas respiratórios(29,72%). Cerca de 90% dos pacientes internados apresentaram algum tipo dealteração bucal durante o período de internação. As alterações clínicas maiscomuns foram lábios secos (86,5%); língua (61,1%); palidez da mucosa oral (54,1%);focos orais de infecção (37,8%) e candidíase (13,5%). Conclusão: A maioria dospacientes internados em UTI apresentou algum tipo de alteração oral, sendo osmais frequentes lábios secos e língua. Os dados observados neste estudo reforçama necessidade do apoio da equipe odontológica durante o período de internação.


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Saliva , Oral Ulcer , Intensive Care Units , Mouth Mucosa
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764057

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oral ulceration is one of the most common debilitating condition that affects the oral cavity. In this study, the effect of locally injected platelet rich plasma (PRP) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on the healing of oral ulcer was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: An ulcer was induced in buccal mucosa of rats by using 5mm biopsy punch followed by application of cotton swab soaked with formocresol for 60sec. The ulcer was left untreated in the control group, treated with intralesional injection of PRP, or isolated cultured BMSCs. Data were analyzed clinically, histologically and immunohistologically on day 3, 5, 7 and 10. BMSCs group showed smaller ulcer area throughout the whole experimental period than the other groups with complete resolution of the ulcer on day 10, unlike the control group. However, there was no significant difference with PRP, on day 5, 7 and 10, regarding clinical ulcer size. BMSCs group showed better histological results regarding the rate of epithelial cell migration, the number of inflammatory cells, thickness and organization of collagen fibres and the number of blood vessels, with complete re-epithelization on day 10. BMSCs group showed a greater number of anti-PCNA positive nuclei throughout the whole experimental period than the other groups except on day 5, PRP had higher mean numbers of anti-PCNA positive nuclei in both tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Both PRP and BMSCs accelerate wound healing and enhance the quality of the healing tissue with the latter being slightly more effective and faster.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biopsy , Blood Platelets , Blood Vessels , Bone Marrow , Collagen , Epithelial Cells , Injections, Intralesional , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa , Oral Ulcer , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rats , Ulcer , Wound Healing
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788162

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify minimum data sets for oral mucous integrity-related documentation and to analyze nursing records for oral care.METHODS: To identify minimum data sets for oral status, the authors reviewed 26 assessment tools and a practical guideline for oral care. The content validity of the minimum data sets was assessed by three nurse specialists. To map the minimum data sets to nursing records, the authors examined 107 nursing records derived from 44 patients who received chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in one tertiary hospital.RESULTS: The minimum data sets were 10 elements such as location, mucositis grade, pain, hygiene, dysphagia, exudate, inflammation, difficulty speaking, and moisture. Inflammation contained two value sets: type and color. Mucositis grade, pain, dysphagia and inflammation were recorded well, accounting for a complete mapping rate of 100%. Hygiene (100%) was incompletely mapped, and there were no records for exudate (83.2%), difficulty speaking (99.1%), or moisture (88.8%).CONCLUSION: This study found that nursing records on oral mucous integrity were not sufficient and could be improved by adopting minimum data sets as identified in this study.


Subject(s)
Dataset , Deglutition Disorders , Drug Therapy , Exudates and Transudates , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Hygiene , Inflammation , Mucositis , Nursing Records , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Oral Ulcer , Specialization , Tertiary Care Centers
19.
Rev. inf. cient ; 98(5): 619-629, 2019. tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1025065

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las úlceras de la mucosa oral son comunes en los pacientes con ventilación artificial mecánica. Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad del Oleozón® tópico en el tratamiento de las úlceras de la mu cosa oral en pacientes tratados con ventilación artificial mecánica en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) del Hospital General Docente Dr Agostinho Neto. Método: Se realizó un estudio tipo caso-control durante enero-julio de 2018. El universo lo conformaron 70 pacientes, de los que se seleccionó una muestra aleatoria y se agruparon en un grupo control (n=20) que se les realizó limpieza de la cavidad bucal con solución salina fisiológica 0,9 por ciento y un grupo estudio (n=20) que se les realizó cura de la úlcera con Oleozón® tópico. Se analizó la localización, área, forma de presentación y magnitud de la úlcera y la evolución clínica de acuerdo al tratamiento que se aplicó. Resultados: La evolución satisfactoria de este tipo de úlcera se precisó en el 40,0 por ciento de los pacientes que conformaron el grupo control y el 90,0 por ciento de los que integraron el grupo estudio (p < 0,01). En este último grupo la ventana entre el inicio del tratamiento y control de la úlcera oral fue de 4,5 ± 1,1 días y para el primero fue 8,1 ± 2,7 días (p < 0,01). Conclusión: Se revela la conveniencia de la aplicación de Oleozón® tópico al tratamiento de las úlceras de la mucosa oral que se presentan en los pacientes tratados con ventilación artificial mecánica(AU)


Introduction: Ulcers of the oral mucosa are common in patients with mechanical artificial ventilation. Objective: To determine the usefulness of topical Oleozón® in the treatment of oral mucosal ulcers in patients treated with mechanical artificial ventilation in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the General Teaching Hospital "Dr. Agostinho Neto". Method: A case-control study was carried out during January-July 2018. The universe was made up of 70 patients, from which a random sample was selected and grouped in a control group (n=20) who were cleaned the oral cavity with 0.9per cent physiological saline solution and a study group (n=20) who were cured of the ulcer with topical Oleozón®. The location, area, form of presentation and magnitude of the ulcer and the clinical evolution were analyzed according to the treatment that was applied. Results: The satisfactory evolution of this type of ulcer was required in 40.0por cento of the patients that formed the control group and 90.0per cent of those who made up the study group (p<0.01). In this last group, the window between the start of treatment and control of the oral ulcer was 4.5 ± 1.1 days and for the first one it was 8.1 ± 2.7 days (p<0.01). Conclusion: The convenience of the application of topical Oleozón® to the treatment of oral mucosal ulcers that occur in patients treated with mechanical artificial ventilation is revealed(AU)


Introdução: Úlceras da mucosa oral são comuns em pacientes com ventilação artificial mecânica. Objetivo: Determinar a utilidade do Oleozón® tópico no tratamento de úlceras na mucosa oral em pacientes tratados com ventilação artificial mecânica na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) do Hospital Geral de Ensino "Dr. Agostinho Neto". Método: Foi realizado um estudo de caso-controle no período de janeiro a julho de 2018. O universo foi constituído por 70 pacientes, dos quais uma amostra aleatória foi selecionada e agrupada em um grupo controle (n=20) que foi limpo de cavidade oral com solução salina fisiológica a 0,9por cento e um grupo de estudo (n=20) curado da úlcera com Oleozón® tópico. A localização, área, forma de apresentação e magnitude da úlcera e a evolução clínica foram analisadas de acordo com o tratamento aplicado. Resultados: A evolução satisfatória desse tipo de úlcera foi necessária em 40,0por cento dos pacientes que formaram o grupo controle e em 90,0por cento daqueles que fizeram parte do grupo de estudo (p<0,01). Neste último grupo, a janela entre o início do tratamento e o controle da úlcera oral foi de 4,5 ± 1,1 dias e no primeiro foi de 8,1 ± 2,7 dias (p<0,01). Conclusão: É revelada a conveniência da aplicação tópica de Oleozón® no tratamento de úlceras na mucosa bucal que ocorrem em pacientes tratados com ventilação artificial mecânica(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ozone/therapeutic use , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Oral Ulcer/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer/therapy , Intensive Care Units
20.
HU rev ; 45(4): 478-482, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177353

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson é uma reação rara que se manifesta por exantema que evolui para um extenso deslocamento epidérmico. Na maioria dos casos, há o surgimento de lesões dolorosas em mucosa oral, que podem reduzir a ingestão de nutrientes e dificultar a higiene bucal. A terapia de fotobiomodulação pode ter um importante papel antálgico, na modulação da inflamação e na cicatrização dessas lesões. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico no qual as lesões orais da Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson foram tratadas com o auxílio da terapia de fotobiomodulação. Relato de caso: Paciente de 17 anos, do sexo feminino, com diagnóstico de síndrome de Stevens-Johnson, apresentava-se com edema labial, úlceras orais, febre e odinofagia intensa, com tolerância apenas para dieta líquida. Encontrava-se com redução da ingestão alimentar, sem comunicação oral eficiente e com interrupção da higiene bucal devido a dor intensa. A terapia de fotobiomodulação foi utilizada no tratamento das lesões orais. Conclusão: A terapia de fotobiomodulação auxiliou na redução da dor, favoreceu a ingestão de alimentos por via oral e reduziu o tempo de cicatrização das lesões.


Introduction: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome is a rare reaction manifested by a rash that evolves into extensive epidermal dislocation. In most cases there are painful oral mucosal lesions that can reduce nutrient intake and make oral hygiene difficult. Photobiomodulation therapy can play an important antalgic role in modulating inflammation and healing these lesions. Objective: To report a clinical case in which Stevens-Johnson Syndrome oral lesions were treated with the aid of photobiomodulation therapy. Case Report: A 17-year-old female patient diagnosed with Stevens-Johnson syndrome presented with lip edema, oral ulcers, fever, and severe odynophagia, tolerating only a liquid diet. She experienced reduced food intake, no efficient oral communication, and an interruption of oral hygiene due to intense pain. Photobiomodulation therapy was requested to treat the oral lesions. Conclusion: Photobiomodulation therapy helped reduce pain, favored oral food intake, and reduced lesion healing time.


Subject(s)
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome , Low-Level Light Therapy , Pain , Oral Ulcer , Mouth Mucosa
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