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China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 33-44, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009220


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the cage subsidence after oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) for lumbar spondylosis, summarize the characteristics of the cage subsidence, analyze causes, and propose preventive measures.@*METHODS@#The data of 144 patients of lumbar spine lesions admitted to our hospital from October 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 43 males and 101 females, and the age ranged from 20 to 81 years old, with an average of (60.90±10.06) years old. Disease types:17 patients of lumbar intervertebral disc degenerative disease, 12 patients of giant lumbar disc herniation, 5 patients of discogenic low back pain, 33 patients of lumbar spinal stenosis, 26 patients of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis, 28 patients of lumbar spondylolisthesis with spondylolisthesis, 11 patients of adjacent vertebral disease after lumbar internal fixation, 7 patients of primary spondylitis in the inflammatory outcome stage, and 5 patients of lumbar degenerative scoliosis. Preoperative dual-energy X-ray bone mineral density examination showed 57 patients of osteopenia or osteoporosis, and 87 patients of normal bone density. The number of fusion segments:124 patients of single-segment, 11 patients of two-segment, 8 patients of three-segment, four-segment 1 patient. There were 40 patients treated by stand-alone OLIF, and 104 patients by OLIF combined with posterior pedicle screw. Observed the occurrence of fusion cage settlement after operation, conducted monofactor analysis on possible risk factors, and observed the influence of fusion cage settlement on clinical results.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully completed, the median operation time was 99 min, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 106 ml. Intraoperative endplate injury occurred in 30 patients and vertebral fracture occurred in 5 patients. The mean follow-up was (14.57±7.14) months from 6 to 30 months. During the follow-up, except for the patients of primary lumbar interstitial inflammation and some patients of lumbar spondylolisthesis with spondylolisthesis, the others all had different degrees of cage subsidence. Cage subsidence classification:119 patients were normal subsidence, and 25 patients were abnormal subsidence (23 patients were gradeⅠ, and 2 patients were gradeⅡ). There was no loosening or rupture of the pedicle screw system. The height of the intervertebral space recovered from the preoperative average (9.48±1.84) mm to the postoperative average (12.65±2.03) mm, and the average (10.51±1.81) mm at the last follow-up. There were statistical differences between postoperative and preoperative, and between the last follow-up and postoperative. The interbody fusion rate was 94.4%. The low back pain VAS decreased from the preoperative average (6.55±2.2 9) to the last follow-up (1.40±0.82), and there was statistically significant different. The leg pain VAS decreased from the preoperative average (4.72±1.49) to the final follow-up (0.60±0.03), and the difference was statistically significant (t=9.13, P<0.000 1). The ODI index recovered from the preoperative average (38.50±6.98)% to the latest follow-up (11.30±3.27)%, and there was statistically significant different. The complication rate was 31.3%(45/144), and the reoperation rate was 9.72%(14/144). Among them, 8 patients were reoperated due to fusion cage subsidence or displacement, accounting for 57.14%(8/14) of reoperation. The fusion cage subsidence in this group had obvious characteristics. The monofactor analysis showed that the number of abnormal subsidence patients in the osteopenia or osteoporosis group, Stand-alone OLIF group, 2 or more segments fusion group, and endplate injury group was higher than that in the normal bone mass group, OLIF combined with pedicle screw fixation group, single segment fusion group, and no endplate injury group, and the comparison had statistical differences.@*CONCLUSION@#Cage subsidence is a common phenomenon after OLIF surgery. Preoperative osteopenia or osteoporosis, Stand-alone OLIF, 2 or more segments of fusion and intraoperative endplate injury may be important factors for postoperative fusion cage subsidence. Although there is no significant correlation between the degree of cage subsidence and clinical symptoms, there is a risk of cage migration, and prevention needs to be strengthened to reduce serious complications caused by fusion of cage subsidence, including reoperation.

Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Low Back Pain/etiology , Scoliosis , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Osteoporosis/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration
Actual. osteol ; 19(2): 144-159, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523956


Osteoporosis and vertebral and non-vertebral fractures are common in glucocorticoids (GC) treated patients. Oral GC treatment leads to bone loss, particularly of trabecular bone. The benefits of GC used in rheumatological and traumatological disorders are known but they would have possible negative effects on bone. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effects of epidural steroid injections (ESI), and intra-articular and intramuscular GC administration on bone mineral density (BMD) and fragility fractures. A systematic review of Medline/PubMed, Cochrane, and LILACS up to November 2020 was conducted. Meta-analyses, systematic reviews, randomized and non-randomized controlled trials, and prospective and retrospective studies comparing the effect of ESI, intra-articular or intramuscular GC used compared to a control group or baseline measurements were included. Results: A total of 8272 individuals were included among the 13 selected articles (10 about ESI and 3 about intra-articular GC; no article was found evaluating intramuscular GC). Only a few studies showed a negative effect of ESI on bone in the qualitative analysis considering osteopenia and osteoporosis in lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip and BMD as surrogate outcomes. On the other hand, the qualitative analysis showed that most studies found an increased risk of fragility fracture. However, only two studies could be included in the quantitative analysis, in which there were no differences between patients exposed to ESI versus controls in all evaluated regions. In conclusion, there was insufficient evidence to suggest that ESI and intra-articular GC, unlike oral GC, negatively affect bone mass. Longitudinal studies are needed to obtain more knowledge regarding the effect of ESI or intra-articular GC on BMD and fragility fractures. (AU)

La osteoporosis y las fracturas vertebrales y no vertebrales son comunes en pacientes tratados con glucocorticoides (GC). El tratamiento oral con GC conduce a la pérdida ósea, particularmente del hueso trabecular. Los beneficios de los GC utilizados en patologías reumatológicas y traumatológicas son conocidos, pero tendrían posibles efectos negativos sobre el hueso. Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo evaluar los efectos de las inyecciones epidurales de esteroides (ESI), GC intraarticulares e intramusculares sobre la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) y las fracturas por fragilidad. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de Medline/PubMed, Cochrane y LILACS hasta noviembre de 2020. Se incluyeron metanálisis, revisiones sistemáticas, ensayos controlados aleatorizados y no aleatorizados, estudios prospectivos y retrospectivos que compararon el efecto de ESI, GC intraarticular o intramuscular utilizado en comparación con un grupo de control o mediciones iniciales. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 8272 individuos entre los 13 artículos seleccionados (10 sobre ESI y 3 sobre GC intraarticular; no se encontró ningún artículo que evaluara GC intramuscular). Solo unos pocos estudios mostraron un efecto negativo del ESI sobre el hueso en el análisis cualitativo considerando la osteopenia y la osteoporosis en la columna lumbar, el cuello femoral y la cadera total y la DMO como un resultado indirecto. Por otro lado, el análisis cualitativo mostró que la mayoría de los estudios encontraron un mayor riesgo de fractura por fragilidad. Sin embargo, solo dos estudios pudieron incluirse en el análisis cuantitativo, en los que no hubo diferencias entre los pacientes expuestos a ESI versus los controles en todas las regiones evaluadas. En conclusión, no hallamos datos suficientes para sugerir que la ESI y los GC intraarticulares, a diferencia de los GC orales, afectan negativamente a la pérdida ósea. Se necesitan estudios longitudinales para obtener más conocimiento sobre el efecto de ESI o GC intraarticular en la DMO y las fracturas por fragilidad. (AU)

Humans , Osteoporosis/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Density/drug effects , Osteoporotic Fractures/chemically induced , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Review Literature as Topic , Bias , Drug Administration Routes , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Clinical Trials as Topic , Risk Assessment , Densitometry , Estrogens/adverse effects
Femina ; 51(6): 374-379, 20230630. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512427


O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico é uma doença crônica, complexa e multifatorial que apresenta manifestações em vários órgãos. O seu acometimento ocorre 10 vezes mais no sexo feminino do que no masculino. É uma doença com uma clínica variada e com graus variados de gravidade, causando fadiga, manifestações cutâneas, como rash malar, fotossensibilidade, queda de cabelo e manifestações musculoesqueléticas, como artralgia, mialgia e atrite. Podem ocorrer flares (crises), que se caracterizam por aumento mensurável na atividade da doença. No climatério, no período da pré-menopausa, o lúpus eritematoso sistêmico ocorre com mais frequência, podendo ocorrer também na pós-menopausa. Algumas doenças são mais frequentes na fase do climatério, e a presença do lúpus pode influenciar na sua evolução, como a doença cardiovascular, osteoporose e tromboembolismo venoso. A terapia hormonal oral determina aumento do risco de tromboembolismo venoso no climatério, e na paciente com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico há aumento dos riscos de flares e de trombose. Em vista disso, a terapia hormonal é recomendada apenas para pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico estável ou inativo, sem história de síndrome antifosfolípides e com anticorpos antifosfolípides negativa, devendo-se dar preferência para a terapia estrogênica transdérmica, em menor dose e de uso contínuo. Na paciente com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico ativo ou com história de síndrome antifosfolípides ou com anticorpos antifosfolípides positiva, recomenda-se a terapia não hormonal, como os antidepressivos. (AU)

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic, complex, multifactorial disease that manifests in several organs. Its involvement occurs 10 times more in females than in males. It is a disease with a varied clinic and varying degrees of severity, causing fatigue, skin manifestations such as malar rash, photosensitivity, hair loss and musculoskeletal manifestations such as arthralgia, myalgia and arthritis. Flare may occur, which are characterized by measurable increase in disease activity. In the climacteric, in the premenopausal period, systemic lupus erythematosus occurs more frequently, and may also occur in the postmenopausal period. Some diseases are more frequent in the Climacteric phase and the presence of lupus can influence its evolution, such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and venous thromboembolism. Oral hormone therapy determines an increased risk of venous thromboembolism in the climacteric and in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus there is an increased risk of flares and thrombosis. In view of this, hormone therapy is only recommended for patients with stable or inactive systemic lupus erythematosus, without a history of antiphospholipid syndrome and with antiphospholipid antibodies, giving preference to transdermal estrogen therapy, at a lower dose and for continuous use. In patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus or with a history of antiphospholipid syndrome or positive antiphospholipid antibodies, non-hormonal therapy, such as antidepressants, is recommended. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/etiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy , Osteoporosis/etiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Antiphospholipid Syndrome/complications , Hormones/administration & dosage , Hormones/therapeutic use
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441783


Introducción: La fractura de cadera es la causa más común de hospitalización en los servicios de urgencias de ortopedia. Objetivo: Describir los factores predisponentes asociados a la fractura de cadera en la región noroeste de la provincia de Villa Clara. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en el período de noviembre de 2017 a diciembre de 2019, en la la región noroeste de la provincia de Villa Clara. La población en estudio estuvo integrada por 227 pacientes atendidos en el Hospital General Universitario Mártires del 9 de abril, del municipio Sagua la Grande, los cuales fueron ingresados en el servicio de Ortopedia y Traumatología por fractura de cadera. La muestra fue seleccionada mediante un muestreo no probabilístico y se tuvieron en cuenta los criterios de la investigación. Resultados: Según grupos de edad, predominaron las edades comprendidas entre 80-89 años en ambos sexos (42,7 por ciento), con mayor frecuencia entre las mujeres (45,3 por ciento) con respecto a los hombres (36,4 por ciento). Conclusiones: La caída de sus pies resultó ser el factor predominante asociado a la fractura de cadera en la región noroeste de la provincia de Villa Clara, con predominio en el sexo femenino. Esto sugiere la necesidad de desarrollar campañas de comunicación social para la población, dirigidas a la prevenciónde la fractura de cadera con un enfoque de género(AU)

Introduction: Hip fracture is the most common cause of hospitalization in orthopedic emergency services. Objective: To describe the predisposing factors associated with hip fracture in the northwestern region of the province of Villa Clara. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out from November 2017 to December 2019, in the northwestern region of Villa Clara province. A total of 227 patients participated; they were admitted to Mártires del 9 de abril General University Hospital, in Sagua la Grande municipality, and were treated in the Orthopedics and Traumatology service for hip fracture. Non-probabilistic sampling and the research criteria were taken into account for the selection. Results: According to age groups, the ages between 80-89 years prevailed in both sexes (42.7 percent), with higher frequency among women (45.3 percent) compared to men (36.4 percent). Conclusions: The fall from their feet"turned out to be the predominant factor associated with hip fracture in the northwest region of Villa Clara province, where the female sex predominated. This suggests the need to develop social communication campaigns for the population, aimed at the prevention of hip fracture with a gender approach(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoporosis/etiology , Accidental Falls , Causality , Communication , Hip Fractures/prevention & control , Hip Fractures/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gender Equity/prevention & control
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(5): 597-602, mayo 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409855


BACKGROUND: A secondary cause can be found in up to one third of women with osteoporosis, potentially modifying their therapeutic approach. AIM: To determine the prevalence of secondary causes and risk factors for decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis. Material and Methods: We included postmenopausal women with a diagnosis of osteoporosis or low BMD who consulted for the first time in an endocrinology clinic between October 2018 and March 2020. A complete medical history, physical examination and a standardized laboratory assessment to identify secondary causes were performed. RESULTS: During the study period, 114 women were evaluated, 30 of them with low BMD and 84 with osteoporosis. After obtaining a medical history and a structured laboratory screening, at least one secondary cause was found in 50% of patients with osteoporosis and in 67% of those with low BMD. Most patients with no identified secondary cause had at least one risk factor for fragility fractures. Conclusions: A structured evaluation that includes medical history and standardized laboratory study in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or low BMD, is a valuable tool to identify secondary causes of osteoporosis.

Humans , Male , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fractures, Bone/epidemiology , Bone Density , Postmenopause , Minerals
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1): 277-286, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385592


SUMMARY: Osteoporosis is a bone condition marked by a loss of bone mass and a disruption of bone microarchitecture. Men lose bone density as they age, resulting in brittle bones. The loss of free testosterone is one of the key factors. The objective of present study was to evaluate Allolobophora caliginosa extract (AcE) for its anti-osteoporotic and antiapoptotic activity in orchiotomized rat model at two different dose levels. Twenty eight male rats were divided into two groups. The first group represented sham operated rats while the second group underwent bilateral orchidectomy (OCX). After one week of recovery from orchidectomy surgery, the second group was randomly subdivided into 3 subgroups. The first OCX subgroup was administered orally distilled water daily for 10 weeks. The other two OCX subgroups were administered AcE (100 or200 mg/kg body weight/day) orally for 10 weeks. Orchiectomy induces remarkable loss of the cortical as well as trabecular bone loss; which, could be counterbalanced by Allolobophora caliginosa extract (AcE) that prevented cortical as well as trabecular bone loss. Allolobophora caliginosa extract (AcE) at Dose 200 mg/kg/day was found to be effective at a highly significant level in osteoporotic bone, as determined by histological images and immunohistochemical study, where Dose (100 mg/kg/day) was found to be moderately significant.In the present study, it is suggested that AcE may inhibit steroid-induced osteoblasts apoptosis, potentially via upregulation of Bcl-2 and downregulation of caspase-3. Allolobophora caliginosa extract demonstrates anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidant properties. Therefore, AcE may be used for the prevention of steroid-induced bone damage.

RESUMEN: La osteoporosis es una afección ósea caracterizada por una pérdida de masa ósea y una alteración de la microarquitectura ósea. Los hombres pierden densidad ósea a medida que envejecen, lo que resulta en huesos quebradizos. La pérdida de testosterona libre es factor clave en este proceso. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el extracto de Allolobophora caliginosa (AcE) debido a su actividad antiosteoporótica y antiapoptótica en un modelo de rata orquiectomizadas con dos niveles de dosis diferentes. Se dividieron veintiocho ratas macho en dos grupos. El primer grupo incluyó ratas con operación simulada, mientras que el segundo grupo se sometió a orquidectomía bilateral (OCX). Después de una semana de recuperación de la orquidectomía, el segundo grupo fue subdividido en 3 subgrupos. Al primer subgrupo de OCX se administró diariamente agua destilada por vía oral durante 10 semanas. Los otros dos subgrupos de OCX se administraron por vía oral AcE (100 o 200 mg / kg de peso corporal / día) durante 10 semanas. La orquidectomía induce una pérdida notable del hueso cortical y trabecular; el cual podría ser contrarrestado por el extracto de Allolobophora caliginosa (AcE) que previno la pérdida de hueso tanto cortical como trabecular visualizado en imágenes histológicas y estudio inmuno- histoquímico, donde se encontró que la dosis (100 mg / kg / día) era moderadamente significativa. En el presente estudio, se sugiere que la AcE puede inhibir la apoptosis de los osteoblastos inducida por esteroides, potencialmente a través de la regulación al alza de Bcl 2 y la regulación a la baja de caspasa 3. El extracto de Allolobophora caliginosa demuestra propiedades anti apoptóticas y antioxidantes. Por lo tanto, AcE puede usarse para la prevención del daño óseo inducido por esteroides.

Animals , Male , Rats , Oligochaeta , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Tissue Extracts/administration & dosage , Orchiectomy/adverse effects , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Tissue Extracts/pharmacology , Bone and Bones/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis/drug effects
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370207, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374069


Purpose: To analyze the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on bone mineral density (BMD) in a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Thirty-two male, adult, 12-week-old rats (Rattus norvegicus), of the Wistar lineage, were used. The animals induced to the experimental model received a high fat diet for 10 days and, after that period, intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (40 mg·kg­1), dissolved in 20 mmol·L­1 sodium citrate solution (pH = 4.5). The experimental group of diabetes was formed by the animals that, 48 h after the injection of streptozotocin, had fasting blood glucose > 250 mg·dL­1). The animals were randomly divided into four groups with eight animals each: HIIT experimental diabetes; HIIT control; sedentary experimental diabetes and sedentary control. The animals in the HIIT group performed an aerobic exercise protocol on a treadmill inclined at an angle of 15° to the horizontal, with interspersed intensity. Five weekly sessions, lasting 49 min each, were held for 6 weeks. The analysis of cortical bone density (CBD) and BMD were performed by X-ray images using the In-Vivo Xtreme II/Bruker system. Results: For CBD and BMD, when comparing diabetes and control groups, a significant difference was seen between groups in relation to HIIT (p = 0.007). Animals submitted and not submitted to HIIT in the same group showed a significant difference between groups in relation to diabetes (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The HIIT experimental diabetes group had increased CBD and BMD in comparison with the sedentary experimental diabetes group.

Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoporosis/etiology , Bone Density , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , High-Intensity Interval Training/veterinary , Rats, Wistar
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 801-810, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349996


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia and the association of osteosarcopenia with trabecular bone score (TBS) in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DMG) compared with a paired control group (CG). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with men and women ≥ 50 years recruited by convenience. Patients in both groups answered questionnaires and underwent evaluation of bone mineral density (BMD), handgrip strength (HGS), and TBS. The T2DMG also underwent a gait speed (GS) test. Sarcopenia was defined as low lean mass plus low HGS or GS according to the Foundation for the National Institute of Health Sarcopenia Project, and osteosarcopenia was deemed present when sarcopenia was associated with osteopenia, osteoporosis, or low-energy trauma fractures. Results: The T2DMG (n = 177) and CG (n = 146) had, respectively, mean ages of 65.1 ± 8.2 years and 68.8 ± 11.0 years and 114 (64.4%) and 80 (54.7%) women. T2DMG versus the CG had higher rates of osteosarcopenia (11.9% versus 2.14%, respectively, p = 0.010), sarcopenia (12.9% versus 5.4%, respectively, p < 0.030), and fractures (29.9% versus 18.5%, respectively, p = 0.019), and lower HGS values (24.4 ± 10.3 kg versus 30.9 ± 9.15 kg, respectively, p < 0.001), but comparable BMD values. Mean TBS values were 1.272 ± 0.11 and 1.320 ± 0.12, respectively (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, age, greater waist circumference, fractures, and osteoporosis increased the risk of degraded TBS. Osteosarcopenia was associated with diabetes complications (p = 0.03), calcium and vitamin D supplementation (p = 0.01), and all components of osteosarcopenia diagnosis (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with the CG, the T2DMG had a higher prevalence of osteosarcopenia, sarcopenia, and fractures and lower bone quality assessed by TBS.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/etiology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hand Strength , Cancellous Bone/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(2): 152-163, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248820


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the reasons for request of bone mineral density (BMD) evaluation and correlate the BMD results with previous fractures, risk factors for osteoporosis, and clinical characteristics in patients with obesity. Subjects and methods: Cross-sectional, retrospective, single-site study including adult patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 and BMD evaluation between January 2015 and May 2016 selected from a BMD database. Data on demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, comorbidities, medications, risk factors, previous fractures, and indications for BMD evaluation were collected from the participants' medical records. Results: The study included 619 patients (89.9% women, mean BMI 34.79 ± 4.05 kg/m2). In all, 382 (61.7%), 166 (26.8%), and 71 (11.5%) patients had class 1, 2, and 3 obesity, respectively. The most frequent (29.9%) reason for BMD evaluation was for osteoporosis monitoring. In all, 69.4% of the patients had low BMD. Multivariate analysis showed that age, calcium supplementation, and previous osteoporosis or osteopenia were associated with low BMD, while age, vitamin D supplementation, use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), and low BMD were associated with previous fractures (p < 0.05 for all). Conclusions: Among patients with obesity identified from a tertiary hospital database, those with low bone mass and risk factors traditionally associated with fractures had an increased history of fractures. Patients with greater BMI had better bone mass and fewer fractures. These findings indicate that the association between reduced weight, risk factors for osteoporosis, and fractures remained despite the presence of obesity in our population.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Obesity/complications
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2564-2572, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921186


BACKGROUND@#Although there are few studies mentioned there may be some relationship between psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and osteoporosis, clinical data in real world still need to be clarified in China. The aim of this study was to assess the areal and volumetric bone mineral density (BMD), frequency of fracture, and risk factors in patients with PsA.@*METHODS@#A total of one hundred PsA patients who visited Peking University First Hospital and one hundred age- and sex-matched healthy controls with DXA data were enrolled in the study. Patients with clinical fractures confirmed by X-ray during follow-up were also recorded. Clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded and compared between the abnormal BMD group and the normal BMD group, as well as between the fracture and non-fracture groups. Risk factors for fracture and low BMD were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Mean BMD at the total hip and femoral neck was significantly lower in PsA patients than that in healthy controls (0.809 ± 0.193 vs. 0.901 ± 0.152 g/cm2, P  = 0.041; 0.780 ± 0.146 vs. 0.865 ± 0.166 g/cm2, P  = 0.037, respectively). Moreover, lumbar spine BMD was negatively correlated with psoriasis duration, swollen joint count and DAS28-CRP (r = -0.503, -0.580, -0.438; P < 0.05). Total hip BMD and femoral neck BMD were negatively correlated with HAQ (r = -0.521, -0.335; P < 0.05). Fractures occurred in 29 patients during the follow-up period. Logistic regression analysis showed that older age (OR 1.132 [95%CI: 1.026-1.248), P < 0.05], higher HAQ score (OR 1.493, 95%CI: 1.214-1.836, P < 0.01), higher disease activity index for psoriatic arthritis (OR 1.033, 95% CI: 1.002-1.679, P < 0.05) and hip joint involvement (OR 6.401, 95% CI: 4.012-44.180, P < 0.05) were risk factors for fracture in the multivariate model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased risks of osteoporosis and fracture were found in PsA patients compared to healthy controls. Besides age, high disease activity and hip joint involvement were risk factors for decreased BMD and fracture.

Aged , Humans , Absorptiometry, Photon , Arthritis, Psoriatic/complications , Bone Density , Lumbar Vertebrae , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporotic Fractures , Risk Factors
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 51-51, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880369


BACKGROUND@#The Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) study was launched to investigate risk factors for osteoporotic fractures, interactions of osteoporosis with other non-communicable chronic diseases, and effects of fracture on QOL and mortality.@*METHODS@#FORMEN baseline study participants (in 2007 and 2008) included 2012 community-dwelling men (aged 65-93 years) in Nara prefecture, Japan. Clinical follow-up surveys were conducted 5 and 10 years after the baseline survey, and 1539 and 906 men completed them, respectively. Supplemental mail, telephone, and visit surveys were conducted with non-participants to obtain outcome information. Survival and fracture outcomes were determined for 2006 men, with 566 deaths identified and 1233 men remaining in the cohort at 10-year follow-up.@*COMMENTS@#The baseline survey covered a wide range of bone health-related indices including bone mineral density, trabecular microarchitecture assessment, vertebral imaging for detecting vertebral fractures, and biochemical markers of bone turnover, as well as comprehensive geriatric assessment items. Follow-up surveys were conducted to obtain outcomes including osteoporotic fracture, cardiovascular diseases, initiation of long-term care, and mortality. A complete list of publications relating to the FORMEN study can be found at .

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Density , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cohort Studies , Geriatric Assessment , Independent Living , Japan/epidemiology , Long-Term Care/statistics & numerical data , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Risk Factors
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 35-35, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880353


BACKGROUND@#Body mass-independent parameters might be more appropriate for assessing cardiometabolic abnormalities than weight-dependent indices in Asians who have relatively high visceral adiposity but low body fat. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-measured trunk-to-peripheral fat ratio is one such body mass-independent index. However, there are no reports on relationships between DXA-measured regional fat ratio and cardiometabolic risk factors targeting elderly Asian men.@*METHODS@#We analyzed cross-sectional data of 597 elderly men who participated in the baseline survey of the Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) study, a community-based single-center prospective cohort study conducted in Japan. Whole-body fat and regional fat were measured with a DXA scanner. Trunk-to-appendicular fat ratio (TAR) was calculated as trunk fat divided by appendicular fat (sum of arm and leg fat), and trunk-to-leg fat ratio (TLR) as trunk fat divided by leg fat.@*RESULTS@#Both TAR and TLR in the group of men who used ≥ 1 medication for hypertension, dyslipidemia, or diabetes ("user group"; N = 347) were significantly larger than those who did not use such medication ("non-user group"; N = 250) (P < 0.05). After adjusting for potential confounding factors including whole-body fat, both TAR and TLR were significantly associated with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting serum insulin, and the insulin resistance index in the non-user group and non-overweight men in the non-user group (N = 199).@*CONCLUSION@#The trunk-to-peripheral fat ratio was associated with cardiometabolic risk factors independently of whole-body fat mass. Parameters of the fat ratio may be useful for assessing cardiometabolic risk factors, particularly in underweight to normal-weight populations.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Absorptiometry, Photon , Adiposity/physiology , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Japan , Osteoporosis/etiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Thorax/diagnostic imaging
Actual. osteol ; 17(3): 71-84, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395384


Con el advenimiento de la terapia antirretroviral, el pronóstico y la sobrevida de los pacientes infectados con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) han cambiado de manera radical, por lo cual en la actualidad se evidencia un aumento en el riesgo de padecer enfermedades no relacionadas con el VIH como, por ejemplo, la osteoporosis. La disminución de la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) se observa en el 40-90% de las personas infectadas por el VIH, con una prevalencia de osteopenia y osteoporosis del 52 y 15%, respectivamente. Esta población de pacientes tiene un mayor riesgo de fracturas (60%) en comparación con personas no infectadas y un riesgo de fracturas vertebrales 2,3 veces mayor que en la población general. El tenofovir fumarato se asoció con un aumento de pérdida renal de fósforo e hiperparatiroidismo secundario. El efavirenz y los inhibidores de proteasas (IP) afectan el metabolismo de la vitamina D; actúan a nivel enzimático aumentando la expresión de la enzima CYP24 que lleva a producción de vitamina D inactiva. El FRAX es una herramienta sencilla y accesible, por lo que su uso está recomendado en pacientes con VIH. Además de las medidas higiénico-dietéticas, actividad física, calcio y vitamina D, el uso de bifosfonatos está indicado en el tratamiento de la osteoporosis en estos pacientes. (AU)

With the advent of antiretroviral therapy, the prognosis and survival of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have radically changed, which is why there is now evidence of an increased risk of suffering from diseases not related to HIV such as osteoporosis. The decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) is observed in 40-90% of people infected with HIV, with a prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis of 52 and 15%, respectively. This patient population has a 60% higher risk of fractures compared to uninfected people and a risk of vertebral fractures 2.3 times higher than in the general population. Tenofovir fumarate administration is associated with increased renal phosphorus loss and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Efavirenz and protease inhibitors (IP) affect the metabolism of vitamin D, they act at the enzymatic level by increasing the expression of the CYP24 enzyme that leads to the production of inactive vitamin D. The FRAX is a simple and accessible tool, so its use is recommended in patients with HIV and in addition to dietary hygiene measures, physical activity, calcium, and vitamin D, the use of bisphosphonates is indicated in the treatment of osteoporosis in these patients. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/prevention & control , Bone Density/drug effects , HIV Infections/complications , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Protease Inhibitors/adverse effects , Vitamin D/metabolism , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/drug therapy , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Tenofovir/adverse effects
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 74-76, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283555


La enfermedad de Gaucher (EG) es un trastorno genético lisosomal autosómico recesivo infrecuente, que conduce a la acumulación de lípidos y disfunción en múltiples órganos. La afectación del esqueleto es uno de los hallazgos más frecuentes de la EG y una de las principales causas de dolor y reducción de calidad de vida. El compromiso esquelético incluye anomalías en el remodelado óseo con pérdida mineral ósea, adelgazamiento cortical, lesiones líticas, fracturas por fragilidad y deformidades articulares. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente 61 años con osteoporosis grave secundaria a EG diagnosticada en la vida adulta, con antecedente de dos hermanas con EG. La paciente refería dolores óseos y lumbago crónico desde los 53 años. El 2012 fue evaluada en policlínico de hematología por trombocitopenia y debido a sus antecedentes familiares se le solicitaron exámenes que fueron compatibles con EG. El año 2016 la densitometría ósea (DXA) de columna lumbar y cuello femoral izquierdo, que mostró una osteoporosis. Se inició tratamiento con Alendronato, Calcio y Vitamina D, pero la paciente tuvo escasa adherencia. El 2018 se inició tratamiento de su EG con Taliglucerasa α. Al año siguiente se le realizó nueva DXA que evidenció persistencia de la osteoporosis y por mantención del lumbago se le solicitó una TAC de columna lumbar que mostró fracturas por aplastamiento de cuerpos vertebrales dorsales bajos. Se derivó a endocrinología para manejo de su osteoporosis grave. A su ingreso a endocrinología la paciente persitía con dolor lumbar alto y destacaba una marcada cifosis. Se decidió retomar tratamiento con Alendronato, calcio y vitamina D, además, se le solicitó una nueva evaluación densitométrica junto a una radiografía de columna total y evaluación dental. Durante el seguimiento la paciente mantuvo niveles de vitamina D adecuados con funciones renal, hepática y tiroidea normales.

Gaucher disease (GD) is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal genetic disorder, leading to the accumulation and dysfunction of lipids in multiple organs. Skeletal involvement is one of the most prevalent aspects of GD and one of the main causes of pain and reduced quality of life. Abnormalities of bones, which cause changes in the development and loss of bone mineral, cortical thinning, lytic lesions,fragility fractures and deformities. We present a case of a patient diagnosed with severe osteoporosis, secondary to GD diagnosed in adult life. The patient presents a disease pattern composed of bone pain and chronic low back pain since the age of 53. In 2012, she was evaluated at the hematology for thrombocytopenia and due to her family history, tests were performed to diagnose GD, which were compatible with it. In 2016 Bone Densitometry (DXA) of the lumbar spine and left femoral neck was requested, being consistent with osteoporosis. Treatment with Alendronate, Calcium and Vitamin D was started, however, there is little adherence. In 2018, treatment for Gaucher's disease was started with Taliglucerase α. The following year, DXA was performed with few changes and a CT scan of the lumbar spine was performed diagnosing crush fractures of the low dorsal vertebral bodies. She was referred to endocrinology. Upon admission to Endocrinology, it was decided to resume initial osteoporosis treatment and to perform skeletal evaluation with DXA of the lumbar spine and hips, total spine X-ray and dental evaluation. During follow-up, it maintains vitamin D at adequate levels and normal kidney, liver and thyroid functions.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Gaucher Disease/complications , Osteoporosis/therapy , Low Back Pain/etiology
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 45: e39, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252035


ABSTRACT Objectives. To assess the association between childhood hunger experiences and the prevalence of chronic diseases later in life. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSI-Brazil), a nationally representative study of persons aged 50 years and older (n = 9 412). Univariate and bivariate analyses were used to describe the sample, and multivariate logistic regressions to examine the association between childhood hunger and hypertension, diabetes, arthritis and osteoporosis. Adjusted odds ratios and predicted probabilities were calculated. Results. 24.7% of Brazilians aged 50 and over experienced hunger during childhood. This harmful exposure was significantly more common among non-white people, individuals with lower educational attainment, lower household income and heavy manual laborers. Regional variation was also observed, as the prevalence of individuals reporting childhood hunger was higher in the North and Northeast regions. The multivariate analysis revealed that older adults who reported having experienced hunger during childhood had 20% higher odds of developing diabetes in adulthood (aOR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.02 - 1.41) and 38% higher odds of developing osteoporosis (aOR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.15 - 1.64) than adults who did not experience hunger during childhood, after controlling for covariates. Conclusions. The study showed an association between childhood hunger and two chronic diseases in later life: diabetes and osteoporosis. This work restates that investing in childhood conditions is a cost-effective way to have a healthy society and provides evidence on relationships that deserve further investigation to elucidate underlying mechanisms.

RESUMEN Objetivos. Evaluar la asociación entre las experiencias de hambre en la niñez y la prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas en las etapas posteriores de la vida. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal utilizando como línea de base los datos del Estudio Longitudinal del Envejecimiento en Brasil (ELSI-Brasil), un estudio nacional representativo de personas de 50 años o más (n = 9 412). Se emplearon análisis univariado y bivariado para describir la muestra, y regresión logística multivariada para examinar la asociación entre el hambre en la niñez y la hipertensión, la diabetes, la artritis y la osteoporosis. Se calcularon las razones de posibilidades ajustadas y las probabilidades previstas. Resultados. El 24,7% de los brasileños de 50 años o más pasó hambre en la niñez. Esta experiencia perjudicial fue considerablemente más común en las personas no blancas, las personas con menor nivel de instrucción, las personas con ingresos familiares bajos y los trabajadores de mano de obra pesada. También se observó una variación regional, puesto que la prevalencia de individuos que expresaron haber pasado hambre en la niñez fue mayor en las regiones Norte y Nordeste. Luego de controlar las covariables, el análisis multifactorial reveló que los adultos mayores que dijeron haber pasado hambre en la niñez tenían una probabilidad 20% mayor de tener diabetes en la edad adulta (aOR = 1,20, IC 95%: 1,02 - 1,41) y 38% mayor de tener osteoporosis (aOR = 1,38, IC 95%: 1,15 - 1,64) que los adultos que no habían pasado hambre en la niñez. Conclusiones. El estudio reveló una asociación entre el hambre en la niñez y dos enfermedades crónicas en las etapas posteriores de la vida: la diabetes y la osteoporosis. Este trabajo reafirma que invertir en las condiciones de vida de las personas en la niñez es una manera costoeficaz de tener una sociedad saludable, al tiempo que aporta evidencia acerca de relaciones que merecen investigarse más a fin de esclarecer los mecanismos subyacentes.

RESUMO Objetivos. Avaliar a associação entre a experiência de passar fome na infância e a prevalência posterior de doenças crônicas. Métodos. Um estudo transversal foi realizado a partir de dados básicos do Estudo Longitudinal da Saúde dos Idosos Brasileiros (ELSI-Brasil), uma pesquisa com representatividade nacional realizada com pessoas de 50 anos ou mais (n = 9.412). Análises univariadas e bivariadas foram usadas para descrever a amostra e a regressão logística multivariada foi aplicada para examinar a associação entre passar fome na infância e hipertensão, diabetes, artrite e osteoporose. Foram calculadas razões de chances (odds ratio, OR) ajustadas e probabilidades previstas. Resultados. Verificou-se que 24,7% dos brasileiros com 50 anos ou mais passaram fome na infância. Esta exposição prejudicial foi significativamente mais frequente em pessoas não brancas, com nível de instrução menor e renda familiar mais baixa e em trabalhadores braçais. Observou-se também uma variação regional, com uma maior prevalência de pessoas que relataram ter passado fome na infância nas Regiões Norte e Nordeste. Na análise multivariada, nos idosos que informaram ter passado fome na infância, a probabilidade foi 20% maior de ter diabetes na idade adulta (ORaj 1,20; IC 95% 1,02-1,41) e 38% maior de ter osteoporose (ORaj 1,38, IC 95% 1,15-1,64) em comparação aos adultos que não passaram fome na infância, após o controle de covariáveis. Conclusões. O estudo demonstrou associação entre passar fome na infância e duas doenças crônicas na vida adulta: diabetes e osteoporose. Este trabalho reitera que investir na infância é uma maneira custo-efetiva de se criar uma sociedade saudável e fornece evidências sobre relações que devem ser pesquisadas mais a fundo para esclarecer os processos subjacentes.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoporosis/etiology , Child Nutrition Disorders/complications , Hunger , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Life Change Events , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Chronic Disease/classification , Cross-Sectional Studies
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(3): e198, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156392


Introducción: La disminución de la masa muscular o sarcopenia y de la masa ósea (osteopenia u osteoporosis) que ocurren con el envejecimiento, se asocian con aumento de la fragilidad y las fracturas, que afectan calidad de vida e incrementan mortalidad. Los reportes sobre masa muscular son escasos en nuestro medio. Objetivos: Identificar los valores de referencia normal de la masa muscular en mujeres del área de referencia, la frecuencia de Sarcopenia con el empleo de los tres parámetros recomendados por el Consenso Europeo, la utilidad del Cuestionario SARC-F (cuestionario simple para el diagnóstico de Sarcopenia) y si existe relación entre la masa muscular y la resistencia a la insulina. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo. Se determinó la masa muscular ((bioimpedancia y por absorciometría dual de Rayos X), fuerza (dinamometría manual) y rendimiento muscular (batería SPPB (short physical performance battery) en 88 mujeres entre 45-79 años de edad, con residencia permanente en el Municipio Plaza de la Revolución (Policlínico Vedado). Se estudiaron variables clínicas. Se aplicó el cuestionario SARC-F (A simple Questionnaire to Rapidly Diagnostic for Sarcopenia). Se determinó la relación glucemia/insulinemia en ayunas. Para determinar valores de referencia para disminución de la masa muscular se estudiaron 17 mujeres sanas entre 40-44 años de edad. Análisis estadístico: Uso de tabulaciones cruzadas, Test Kruskall Wallis, y Correlación de Pearson para identificar asociación entre las variables, valor (p<0,05) prueba X2. Resultados: Valor de referencia para baja masa muscular fue <8,33 Kg/m² por DXA y de 15,36 Kg/m² por bioimpedancia. El 18 por ciento del grupo presentó algún grado de sarcopenia que se asoció con resistencia insulina. No fue útil el cuestionario SARF-C. Conclusiones: Se determinó el valor de referencia para masa muscular disminuida, la presencia de sarcopenia y su relación con la resistencia a la insulina(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Decreased muscle mass (sarcopenia) and decreased bone mass (osteopenia or osteoporosis) that occur with aging are associated with the increase of fragility and fractures, which affect quality of life and increase mortality. Reports on muscle mass are scarce in our field. Objectives: Identify the normal reference values of muscle mass in women in the reference area, the frequency of Sarcopenia with the use of the three parameters recommended by the European Consensus, the usefulness of the SARC-F Questionnaire (simple questionnaire for the diagnosis of Sarcopenia) and whether there is a relationship between muscle mass and insulin resistance. Methods: Descriptive observational study. Muscle mass (bioimpedance and dual X-ray absorcimetry), strength (manual dynamometry) and muscle performance (battery SPPB (short physical performance battery) were determined in 88 women between 45-79 years old, with permanent residence in Plaza de la Revolution municipality (Vedado Polyclinic). The clinical variables were studied. The SARC-F questionnaire (A simple Questionnaire to Rapidly Diagnostic for Sarcopenia) was applied. The fasting blood glucose/insulinemic relation was determined. To determine reference values for decreased muscle mass, 17 healthy women between 40-44 years old were studied. Statistical analysis: Use of cross-tabulations, Kruskall Wallis Test, and Pearson Correlation to identify association between variables, value (p<0.05) X2 test. Results: Reference value for low muscle mass was <8.33 Kg/m2 per DXA and 15.36 Kg/m2 per bioimpedance. 18 percent of the group had some degree of sarcopenia that was associated with insulin resistance. The SARF-C questionnaire was not helpful. Conclusions: The reference value for decreased muscle mass, the presence of sarcopenia and its relationship to insulin resistance were determined(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Aging , Insulin Resistance , Sarcopenia/diagnosis , Physical Functional Performance , Quality of Life , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic , Research Report
Actual. osteol ; 16(2): [104]-[115], mayo.-ago. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129698


La fosfatasa alcalina baja o hipofosfatasemia, ya sea debida a causas genéticas (hipofosfatasia) o secundarias, presenta correlato clínico. Nuestro objetivo es estimar la prevalencia de hipofosfatasemia crónica persistente y describir sus hallazgos osteometabólicos. Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de afiliados adultos al Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, entre 2013 y 2017, con al menos 2 determinaciones de fosfatasa alcalina igual a 30 UI/l o menor y ninguna mayor de 30 UI/l (rango de referencia 30-100 UI/l). Se excluyeron aquellos con causas secundarias diagnosticadas y se analizaron los correlatos clínico y bioquímico. Se detectó hipofosfatasemia crónica persistente en 78 de 105.925, 0,07% (0,06-0,09) de los afiliados. Solo uno fue excluido por tener causa secundaria. Eran 61,1% mujeres de 44 (34-56) años, fosfatasa alcalina 24 (20-27) UI/L, fosfatemia 4,1 (3,8-4,6) mg/dl. Se observaron osteoartritis, calcificaciones vasculares y fracturas, menos frecuentemente litiasis renal, calcificación del ligamento longitudinal común anterior, pérdida dental y convulsiones. El 63,6% tenían al menos una de las características clínico-radiológicas evaluadas, pero en solo 5,2% fue mencionado el diagnóstico de hipofosfatasemia en la historia clínica. La densitometría evidenció algún grado de afección (osteopenia u osteoporosis) en 76,2%. Se constataron 19 fracturas, con predominio en radio. La prevalencia de hipofosfatasemia fue similar a lo previamente reportado. El reconocimiento fue bajo; sin embargo, se observaron variadas manifestaciones músculo-esqueléticas, similares a las descriptas en la hipofosfatasia del adulto, por lo cual ­ante una hipofosfatasemia sin causa secundaria­ se sugiere considerar este diagnóstico. (AU)

Low alkaline phosphatase (ALP) or hypophosphatasemia either due to genetic (hypophosphatasia) or secondary causes, presents a clinical correlate. Our objectives are to estimate the prevalence of persistent hypophosphatasemia and to describe the clinical findings. We performed a search using the electronic medical records of the members of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires health care system, between 2013 and 2017. Adult members with ≥ 2 ALP ≤ 30 IU/l, no ALP >30 IU/l (normal range 30-100 UI/l) and without diagnosed secondary causes were analyzed. Persistent hypophosphatasemia was detected in 78 of 105.925, 0.07% (0.06-0.09) of members. Only one was excluded due to a secondary cause, 61.1% were women, 44 (34-56) year-old, ALP 24 (20-27) IU/l and phosphatemia 4.1 (3.8-4.6) mg/dl. Osteoarthritis, vascular calcifications and fractures were detected, and nephrolithiasis, DISH (Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis), tooth loss, and seizures were less frequently observed. At least one of the mentioned characteristics were present in 63.6 %, but only 5.2% had hypophosphatasemia registered in their clinical record. Densitometry showed osteopenia or osteoporosis in 76.2%. There were 19 fractures, most of them in radius. The prevalence of hypophosphatasemia was similar to what has been previously reported. Hypophosphatasemia finding in medical records was low, but far from being asymptomatic, clinical manifestations were observed. In the presence of hypophosphatasemia without a secondary cause, adult hypophosphatasia should be uspected. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Hypophosphatasia/etiology , Osteoporosis/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Density , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypophosphatemia/diagnosis , Hypophosphatemia/etiology , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Alkaline Phosphatase/deficiency , Alkaline Phosphatase/physiology , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Hypophosphatasia/diagnosis , Hypophosphatasia/genetics
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(2): 209-215, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098893


Resumen: Introducción: La inmovilización prolongada asociada a diversas enfermedades neurológicas, causa osteoporosis secundaria con fracturas patológicas y dolor óseo persistente. Objetivos: Establecer la asociación entre densidad mineral ósea (DMO), marcadores de neoformación y reabsorción ósea y grado de capacidad funcional en pacientes menores de 18 años con movilidad reducida. Pacientes y Método: Estudio transversal, realizado entre 1/1/2016 y 31/12/2017 en pacientes de 6 a 18 años diagnosticados de distintas enfermedades neurológicas en Ciudad Real (España). Se analizaron las variables biodemográficas, capacidad funcional según la Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), que valora la movilidad en 5, 50 y 500 metros, DMO, 25-hidroxi-vitamina D, fosfatasa alcalina, osteocalcina en sangre y telopéptido amino terminal de cadena cruzada de colágeno tipo I en orina (NTX-I). Se expresan DMO, fosfatasa alcalina, osteocalcina y NTX-I en Z score según valores de referencia para edad y sexo. Se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas y correlaciones de Pearson y Spearman. Resulta dos: 36 pacientes (52,7% niñas), edad media de 8,6 ± 4,7 años. Valor medio de FMS: 5,3 sobre 18. DMO media: -1,99 ± 1,7 desviaciones estándar (DE), fosfatasa alcalina media: -2,64 ± 1,08, osteocalcina media: -2,15 ± 1,39, y NTX-I medio: +3 ± 1,72. Hubo asociación significativa entre DMO y FMS para 5 metros (r = 0,395; p = 0,017) y para la puntuación total (r = 0,365; p = 0,029). No se encon traron diferencias significativas según estadios de desarrollo puberal. Conclusiones: En la población estudiada se observa disminución en la DMO y en marcadores de neoformación ósea y elevación de marcadores de reabsorción ósea sin asociación con el desarrollo puberal. Los pacientes con menor grado de movilidad presentan una DMO inferior.

Abstract: Introduction: Prolonged immobilization associated with several neurological disorders causes se condary osteoporosis with pathological fractures and persistent bone pain. Objectives: To establish the association between bone mineral density (BMD), neoformation and bone resorption markers and the degree of functional capacity in children under 18 years of age with reduced mobility. Pa tients and Method: Cross-sectional study conducted in Ciudad Real, Spain between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2017 with patients aged between 6 and 18 years diagnosed with different neurological disorders. The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, pubertal stage, functional capacity according to the Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), which assesses the ability to walk from 5, 50 to 500 meters, BMD, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin in blood, and N-terminal telopeptide crosslinks in collagen type I (NTX-I) in urine. BMD, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and NTX-I values are expressed in Z score according to reference values for age and sex. The Pear son and Spearman correlations were used for data analysis. Results: 36 patients (52.7% girls) with an average age of 8.6±4.7 years. Mean FMS value: 5.3 out of 18. Mean BMD: -1.99 ± 1.7 standard deviations (SD), mean alkaline phosphatase: -2.64 ± 1.08, mean osteocalcin: -2.15 ± 1.39, and mean NTX-I: +3 ± 1.72. There was a significant association between BMD and FMS for 5 meters (r = 0.395; p = 0.017) and for total score (r = 0.365; p = 0.029). There were no significant differences according to the stages of pubertal development. Conclusions: In this population, there was a decrease in BMD and bone neoformation markers, and an increase of bone resorption markers with no association with pubertal development. Patients with a lower degree of mobility present a lower BMD.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Osteoporosis/etiology , Biomarkers/metabolism , Bone Density , Bone Remodeling/physiology , Mobility Limitation , Nervous System Diseases/complications , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Osteoporosis/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Disability Evaluation , Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 22(2): e001112, sept. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046678


La osteopenia, una disminución de la densidad mineral ósea de menor severidad que la osteoporosis, definida por valores de T-score entre -1,0 y -2,5 en la densitometría ósea , podría asociarse con un mayor riesgo de fracturas. Motivado por el pedido de una paciente con osteopenia que solicita a su médico algún medicamento que le ayude a disminuir su riesgo de fracturas, el autor se pregunta si los bifosfonatos podrían ser beneficiosos para las pacientes con este factor de riesgo. Luego de realizar una búsqueda bibliográfica y seleccionar la evidencia más reciente y de mejor calidad, se concluye que estos fármacos podrían ser útiles para prevenir fracturas en mujeres mayores de 65 años con elevado riesgo de fractura,independientemente del resultado de la densitometría. (AU)

Osteopenia, a minor decrease in bone mineral density, defined by T-score values between -1.0 and -2.5 in a bone densitometry, is associated with an increased risk of fractures. Moved by the request of a patient with osteopenia who asks her doctor for any medication that may help her reduce his risk of fractures, the author wonders if bisphosphonates could be beneficial for patients with this condition. After conducting a bibliographic search and selecting the most recent and best quality evidence, he concluded that these drugs could be useful to prevent fractures in women older than 65 years with ahigh risk of fracture, regardless of densitometry results. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/drug therapy , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/complications , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Osteoporotic Fractures/physiopathology , Osteoporotic Fractures/drug therapy
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 838-848, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010490


Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) is involved in both glucose and bone metabolism. IGF-1R signaling regulates the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. In this study, we investigated whether the IGF-1R/ β-catenin signaling axis plays a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic osteoporosis (DOP). Serum from patients with or without DOP was collected to measure the IGF-1R level using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Rats were given streptozotocin following a four-week high-fat diet induction (DOP group), or received vehicle after the same period of a normal diet (control group). Dual energy X-ray absorption, a biomechanics test, and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining were performed to evaluate bone mass, bone strength, and histomorphology, respectively, in vertebrae. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting were performed to measure the total and phosphorylation levels of IGF-1R, glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), and β-catenin. The serum IGF-1R level was much higher in patients with DOP than in controls. DOP rats exhibited strikingly reduced bone mass and attenuated compression strength of the vertebrae compared with the control group. HE staining showed that the histomorphology of DOP vertebrae was seriously impaired, which manifested as decreased and thinned trabeculae and increased lipid droplets within trabeculae. PCR analysis demonstrated that IGF-1R mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated, and western blotting detection showed that phosphorylation levels of IGF-1R, GSK-3β, and β-catenin were enhanced in DOP rat vertebrae. Our results suggest that the IGF-1R/β-catenin signaling axis plays a role in the pathogenesis of DOP. This may contribute to development of the underlying therapeutic target for DOP.

Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rats , Bone Density , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Osteoporosis/etiology , Receptor, IGF Type 1/physiology , Signal Transduction , Streptozocin , beta Catenin/physiology