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1.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 324-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986007

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of miR-96-5p on apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by maltol aluminum. Methods: In January 2021, PC12 cells at logarithmic growth phase were divided into blank control group and low, medium and high dose group. Cells in each group were treated with 0, 100, 200 and 400 μmol/L maltol aluminum for 24 hours respectively. Cells were collected and cell apoptosis rates were detected by flow cytometry, miR-96-5p and insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) mRNA expressions were detected by qRT-PCR, and the protein expression levels of cysteine protease 3 (Caspase3) 、activated cysteine protease 3 (Cleaved-caspase3) 、IRS1、phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT) and phosphorylated glucose synthesis kinase 3β (p-GSK3β) were detected by western blotting. The target binding relationship between miR-96-5p and IRS1 was detected by double luciferase reporter gene experiment. The miR-96-5p inhibitor cells and negative control cells were constructed after transfecting PC12 cells with miR-96-5p inhibitor for 24 hours. The cells were divided into blank control group, negative control group, aluminum exposure group, aluminum exposure+negative control group, aluminum exposure+miR-96-5p inhibition group, and miR-96-5p inhibition group. After transfecting PC12 cells with miR-96-5p inhibition and IRS1 siRNA for 24 h, the cells were divided into aluminum exposure+miR-96-5p inhibition+negative control group and aluminum exposure+miR-96-5p inhibition+IRS1 inhibition group. The control group was cultured in complete culture medium, and cells in the aluminum exposure group were treated with 200 μmol/L maltol aluminum for 24 hours. Cells in each group were collected and the apoptosis rate, miR-96-5p and IRS1 mRNA expression levels, as well as protein expression levels of Caspase3, Cleaved-caspase3, IRS1, p-AKT, and p-GSK3β were measured. Results: After 24 hours of exposure, compared with blank control group and low-dose group, the apoptosis rates, relative expressions of Caspase3 and Cleaved-caspase3 proteins, and relative expressions of miR-96-5p in the medium and high-dose groups of PC12 cells were significantly increased, while the relative expression levels of IRS1 mRNA, IRS1, p-AKT and p-GSK3β proteins were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Targetscan prediction and double luciferase report experiment both proved that IRS1 was a direct target gene of miR-96-5p. In the transfection experiment, compared with the aluminum exposure group, the apoptosis rate, the relative expressions of Caspase3 and Cleaved-caspase3 proteins, the relative expression of miR-96-5p in the aluminum exposure+miR-96-5p inhibition group were significantly decreased, while the relative expression levels of IRS1 mRNA and IRS1, p-AKT and p-GSK3β proteins were significantly increased (P<0.05). In the IRS1 low expression experiment, compared with the aluminum exposure+miR-96-5p inhibition+negative control group, the apoptosis rate, the relative expressions of Caspase3 and Cleaved-caspase3 proteins in the aluminum exposure+miR-96-5p inhibition+IRS1 inhibition group were significantly increased, while the relative expression levels of IRS1 mRNA and IRS1, p-AKT and p-GSK3β proteins were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The increased expression of miR-96-5p and the targeted inhibition of IRS1 may be one of the mechanisms of apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by maltol aluminum exposure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aluminum/toxicity , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , PC12 Cells , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Messenger
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3046-3054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981435

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ligustilide, the main active constituent of essential oils of traditional Chinese medicine Angelicae Sinensis Radix, on alleviating oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells from the perspective of ferroptosis. OGD/R was induced in vitro, and 12 h after ligustilide addition during reperfusion, cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. DCFH-DA staining was used to detect the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS). Western blot was employed to detect the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins, glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), and solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), and ferritinophagy-related proteins, nuclear receptor coactivator 4(NCOA4), ferritin heavy chain 1(FTH1), and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3). The fluorescence intensity of LC3 protein was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The content of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), and Fe was detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay. The effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was observed by overexpression of NCOA4 gene. The results showed that ligustilide increased the viability of PC12 cells damaged by OGD/R, inhibited the release of ROS, reduced the content of Fe and MDA and the expression of TFR1, NCOA4, and LC3, and improved the content of GSH and the expression of GPX4, SLC7A11, and FTH1 compared with OGD/R group. After overexpression of the key protein NCOA4 in ferritinophagy, the inhibitory effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was partially reversed, indicating that ligustilide may alleviate OGD/R injury of PC12 cells by blocking ferritinophagy and then inhibiting ferroptosis. The mechanism by which ligustilide reduced OGD/R injury in PC12 cells is that it suppressed the ferroptosis involved in ferritinophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , PC12 Cells , Ferroptosis/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Transcription Factors , Glutathione
3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 473-480, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939912

ABSTRACT

Five new polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (1-5), ascyrones A-E, and four known compounds (6-9) were isolated from the aerial parts of Hypericum ascyron. All of the isolates containing a bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-2,4,9-trione core and a benzoyl group, belonged to type B bicyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (BPAPs). Their structures and absolute configurations were established based on spectroscopic analyses and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. The anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and cytotoxicity activities of compounds 1-4 and 6-9 were evaluated. Compound 6 exhibited obvious anti-inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells. Compounds 1 and 9 exhibited slight cytotoxicity against Hep3B cells. Meanwhile, compound 1 showed mild neuroprotective activity against corticosterone (CORT)-induced PC12 cell damage at 10 μmol·L-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Hypericum/chemistry , Molecular Structure , PC12 Cells , Phloroglucinol/pharmacology
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 484-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927993

ABSTRACT

Amyloid β-protein(Aβ) deposition in the brain is directly responsible for neuronal mitochondrial damage of Alzheimer's disease(AD) patients. Mitophagy, which removes damaged mitochondria, is a vital mode of neuron protection. Ginsenoside Rg_1(Rg_1), with neuroprotective effect, has displayed promising potential for AD treatment. However, the mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 has not been fully elucidated. The present study investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rg_(1 )on the autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ_(25-35) to gain insight into the neuroprotective mechanism of Rg_1. The autophagy inducer rapamycin and the autophagy inhi-bitor chloroquine were used to verify the correlation between the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 and autophagy. The results showed that Rg_1 enhanced the viability and increased the mitochondrial membrane potential of Aβ-injured PC12 cells, while these changes were blocked by chloroquine. Furthermore, Rg_(1 )treatment increased the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio, promoted the depletion of p62 protein, up-regulated the protein levels of PINK1 and parkin, and reduced the amount of autophagy adaptor OPTN, which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. After the silencing of PINK1, a key regulatory site of mitophagy, Rg_1 could not increase the expression of PINK1 and parkin or the amount of NDP52, whereas it can still increase the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio and promote the depletion of OPTN protein which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. Collectively, the results of this study imply that Rg_1 can promote autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ, and may reduce Aβ-induced mitochondrial damage by promoting PINK1-dependent mitophagy, which may be one of the key mechanisms of its neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Amyloid beta-Peptides/toxicity , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Mitophagy/physiology , PC12 Cells , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 420-425, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878990

ABSTRACT

Gastrodiae Rhizoma-Uncariae Ramulus cum Uncis is the most frequently used herbal pair in the treatment of Parkinson's disease(PD). Gastrodin and isorhynchophylline are important components of Gastrodiae Rhizoma-Uncariae Ramulus cum Uncis herb pair with anti-Parkinson mechanism. This study aimed to investigate the effect of gastrodin combined with isorhynchophylline on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium(MPP~+)-induced apoptosis of PC12 cells and their antioxidant mechanism. The leakage of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) from cells to media was analyzed by spectrophotometry. Apoptotic cells were labeled with Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate(FITC) and propidium iodide(PI) and analyzed by flow cytometry. The cell cycle was analyzed using propidium iodide(PI) staining. Lipid peroxidation(LPO) level was analyzed by spectrophotometry. The mRNA expression of caspase-3 was examined by Real-time RT-PCR. The protein expressions of heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) and NADPH: quinoneoxidore-ductase 1(NQO-1) were determined by Western blot. Gastrodin combined with isorhynchophylline reduced the percentage of Annexin V-positive cells and cell cycle arrest in MPP~+-induced PC12 cells. Gastrodin combined with isorhynchophylline down-regulated the mRNA expression of caspase-3, up-regulated the protein expressions of HO-1 and NQO-1, and reduced LPO content in MPP~+-induced PC12 cells. PD98059, LY294002 or LiCl could partially reverse these changes pretreated with gastrodin combined with isorhynchophylline, suggesting that gastrodin combined with isorhynchophylline inhibited MPP~+-induced apoptosis of PC12 cells and oxidative stress through ERK1/2 and PI3 K/GSK-3β signal pathways. Our experiments showed that gastrodin combined with isorhynchophylline could down-re-gulate the mRNA expression of caspase-3 and up-regulate the protein expressions of HO-1 and NQO-1, so as to reduce oxidative stress and inhibit apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium/toxicity , Antioxidants , Apoptosis , Benzyl Alcohols , Cell Survival , Glucosides , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Oxindoles , PC12 Cells
6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 591-600, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922265

ABSTRACT

To investigate effects of α-asarone and β-asarone on induced PC12 cell injury and related mechanisms. Aβ toxic injury cell model was induced by Aβ in PC12 cells. PC12 cells were divided into blank control group, model control group, α-asarone group (0.5, 1.0, β-asarone group (6.3, 12.5, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) group, and VIP antagonist control group. Cell survival rate was detected by CCK-8 kit; cell apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry. The levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1, , tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, oxidation-related inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nitric oxide (NO), apoptosis factors caspase-3 and p53 were detected by ELISA method. The expressions of C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) were detected by Western blotting. Compared with model control group, cell survival rates of group, β-asarone group and VIP group increased; the cell apoptosis rate decreased; levels of apoptosis-related factors caspase-3, p53, inflammatory factors IL-1, TNF-α decreased; IL-10 level increased; levels of oxidization-related factors iNOS and NO decreased; the expression of JNK and p38MAPK protein decreased (all 0.05). α-asarone and β-asarone have protective effects on PC12 cell injury induced by Aβ. β-asarone may inhibit inflammatory factors and oxidation-related factors through promoting VIP secretion, regulating JNK/MAPK pathway, and reducing PC12 cell apoptosis; however, the effect of α-asarone may be not related to VIP secretion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Allylbenzene Derivatives , Anisoles/pharmacology , Apoptosis , PC12 Cells
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 614-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922252

ABSTRACT

To construct a hypobaric hypoxia-induced cell injury model. Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells were randomly divided into control group, normobaric hypoxia group and hypobaric hypoxia group. The cells in control group were cultured at normal condition, while cells in other two groups were cultured in normobaric hypoxia and hypobaric hypoxia conditions, respectively. CCK-8 method was used to detect cell viability to determine the optimal modeling conditions like the oxygen concentration, atmospheric pressure and low-pressure hypoxia time. The contents of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected by microplate method. The apoptosis ratio and cell cycle were analyzed by flow cytometry. The hypobaric hypoxia-induced cell injury model can be established by culturing for 24 h at 1% oxygen concentration and 41 kPa atmospheric pressure. Compared with the control group and normobaric hypoxia group, the activity of LDH and the content of MDA in hypobaric hypoxia group were significantly increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the percentage of apoptosis was increased (all <0.05), and the cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase. A stable and reliable cell injury model induced by hypobaric hypoxia has been established with PC12 cells, which provides a suitable cell model for the experimental study on nerve injury induced by hypoxia at high altitude.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Hypoxia , Hypoxia , Malondialdehyde , PC12 Cells , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6465-6473, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921806

ABSTRACT

In this study, the molecular mechanism of astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) in the treatment of Parkinson's disease(PD) was explored based on network pharmacology, and the potential value of AS-Ⅳ in alleviating neuronal injury in PD by activating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway was verified through molecular docking and in vitro experiments. Such databases as SwissTargetPrediction, BTMAN-TAM, and GeneCards were used to predict the targets of AS-Ⅳ for the treatment of PD. The Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins(STRING) was employed to analyze protein-protein interaction(PPI) and construct a PPI network, and the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery(DAVID) was used for Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Based on the results of GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis, the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway was selected for further molecular docking and in vitro experiments in this study. The in vitro cell model of PD was established by MPP~+. The cell viability was measured by MTT assay and effect of AS-Ⅳ on the expression of the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway-related genes and proteins by real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and Western blot. Network pharmacology revealed totally 122 targets of AS-Ⅳ for the treatment of PD, and GO enrichment analysis yielded 504 GO terms, most of which were biological processes and molecular functions. Totally 20 related signaling pathways were screened out by KEGG pathway analysis, including neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway, GABAergic synapse, and calcium signaling pathway. Molecular docking demonstrated high affinity of AS-Ⅳ to serine/threonine-protein kinases(AKT1, AKT2), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma(PIK3 CG), and phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide(PIK3 CA) on the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway. In vitro experiments showed that AS-Ⅳ could effectively inhibit the decrease of the viability of PC12 induced by MPP~+ and up-regulate the mRNA expression levels of AKT1 and PI3 K as well as the phosphorylation levels of AKT and PI3 K. As an active component of Astragali Radix, AS-Ⅳ acts on PD through multiple targets and pathways. Furthermore, it inhibits neuronal apoptosis and protects neurons by activating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby providing reliable theoretical and experimental supports for the treatment of PD with AS-Ⅳ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , PC12 Cells , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Saponins , Signal Transduction , Triterpenes
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e9665, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153550

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effect of microRNA (miR)-146a inhibition on regulating cell apoptosis, total neurite outgrowth, inflammation, and STAT1/MYC pathway in Alzheimer's disease (AD). PC12 and cortical neuron cellular AD models were constructed by Aβ1-42 insult. For the former model, nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulation was previously conducted. miR-146a inhibitor and negative-control (NC) inhibitor were transfected into the two cellular AD models, and then cells were named miR-inhibitor group and NC-inhibitor group, respectively. After transfection, cell apoptosis, total neurite outgrowth, supernatant inflammation cytokines, and STAT1/MYC pathway were detected. miR-146a expression was similar between PC12 cellular AD model and control cells (NGF-stimulated PC12 cells), while miR-146a expression was increased in cortical neuron cellular AD model compared with control cells (rat embryo primary cortical neurons). In both PC12 and cortical neuron cellular AD models, miR-146a expression was reduced in miR-inhibitor group compared with NC-inhibitor group after transfection. Furthermore, cell apoptosis was attenuated, while total neurite outgrowth was elevated in miR-inhibitor group compared with NC-inhibitor group. As for supernatant inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-17 levels were lower in miR-inhibitor group than in NC-inhibitor group. Additionally, STAT1 and c-Myc mRNA and protein expressions were attenuated in miR-inhibitor group compared with NC-inhibitor group. In conclusion, miR-146a potentially represented a viable therapeutic target for AD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , MicroRNAs/genetics , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , PC12 Cells , Apoptosis , STAT1 Transcription Factor , Neuronal Outgrowth , Inflammation , Neurons
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1023-1028, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of stachydrine (STA) on apoptosis of Aβ-induced PC12 cells mimicking Alzheimer's disease and explore the mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The differential genes of STA were analyzed based on GSE85871 data, and the target genes of STA were identified using STITCH database. PC12 cells were treated with Aβ to establish a cell model of Alzheimer's disease, and the changes in cell viability and cell cycle in response to STA treatment were assessed using MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the relevant gene or protein expressions in the treated cells.@*RESULTS@#GSE85871 data showed 37 up-regulated genes and 48 down-regulated genes in cells following treatment with STA. Analysis of the data from the STITCH database indicated that RPS8 and EED were the target genes of STA. Treatment of PC12 cells with Aβ significantly lowered the cell viability ( < 0.05) and the expressions of RPS8 and EED at both the mRNA and protein levels ( < 0.05), and obviously inhibited the expression of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and p53 ( < 0.05). STA treatment of the cells significantly reversed the effect of Aβ and induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase, causing also significantly increases in the expression levels of RPS8, EED, Bcl-2 and p53 ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#STA plays an important role in inhibiting the apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by Aβ possibly by regulating RPS8 and EED expression to promote the expressions of Bcl-2 and p53.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , PC12 Cells , Peptide Fragments
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3931-3937, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828365

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of ligustilide, the main active ingredient in Ligusticum wallichii, on mitochondria fission after PC12 cell injury induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R). In the experiment, an OGD/R model was established in vitro, and PC12 cells were pre-treated with ligustilide for 3 h, and then the cell viability was detected by CCK-8 method. The effect of different concentrations of ligustilide on the morphology of PC12 cells after OGD/R injury was observed under an inverted microscope. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the mitochondrial fission of PC12 cells after OGD/R injury. DCFH-DA immunofluorescence staining method was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) changes. Changes in mitochondria membrane potential(MMP) were detected by flow cytometry. Hochest 33258 was used to observe the apoptosis of PC12 cells. Western blot was used to detect changes in cytochrome C(Cyt C) content in mitochondria and cytoplasm, and mitochondrial fission-related proteins Drp 1 and Fis 1. All results showed that compared with the model group, ligustilide significantly increased the survival rate of PC12 cells and the number of cells. Further experiments showed that ligustilide inhibited the release of ROS and decline of mitochondrial membrane potential in PC12 cells after OGD/R injury. Moreover, ligustilide reduced the release of Cyt C and promoted the expressions of Drp1 and Fis1 in mitochondrial fission proteins. Verification experiments showed that mitochondrial fission inhibitor mdivi-1 decreased cell survival rate and inhibited fission. The results indicated that ligustilide exerted neuro-protective effects by promoting mitochondrial fission and reducing cell damage. It preliminary proves that the mechanism of ligustilide on ischemic brain injury may be related to the promotion of mitochondrial fission and the maintenance of cell homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , 4-Butyrolactone , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Glucose , Mitochondria , Oxygen , PC12 Cells , Reactive Oxygen Species , Reperfusion Injury
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 249-254, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827062

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of edaravone (Eda) on the balance of mitochondrial fusion and fission in Parkinson's disease (PD) cell model. A cell model of PD was established by treating PC12 cells with 500 μmol/L 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP). Thiazole blue colorimetry (MTT) was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of Eda on the survival rate of PC12 cells exposed to MPP. The mitochondrial morphology was determined by laser confocal microscope. Western blot was used to measure the protein expression levels of mitochondrial fusion- and fission-related proteins, including OPA1, MFN2, DRP1 and Fis1. The results showed that pretreatment with different concentrations of Eda antagonized MPP-induced PC12 cell damage in a dose-dependent manner. The PC12 cells treated with MPP showed mitochondrial fragmentation, up-regulated DRP1 and Fis1 protein expression levels, and down-regulated MFN2 and OPA1 protein expression levels. Eda could reverse the above changes in the MPP-treated PC12 cells, but did not affect Fis1 protein expression. These results suggest that Eda has a protective effect on the mitochondrial fusion disruption induced by MPP in PC12 cells. The mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of OPA1/MFN2 and down-regulation of DRP1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium , Dynamins , Edaravone , Pharmacology , GTP Phosphohydrolases , Mitochondria , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Mitochondrial Proteins , PC12 Cells , Parkinson Disease , Up-Regulation
13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 705-713, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect of iridoid glycoside of radix scrophulariae (IGRS) on endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion @*METHODS@#Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells were pretreated with IGRS (50, 100, 200 μg/mL) for 24h, and the @*RESULTS@#The damage caused by OGD/R to PC12 cells was significantly reduced by IGRS, with significant effect on increasing survival rate and reducing LDH release (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#IGRS has neuroprotective effect, which may alleviate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating SERCA2, maintaining calcium balance, and inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Survival/drug effects , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/drug effects , Glucose , In Vitro Techniques , Iridoid Glycosides/pharmacology , Oxygen , PC12 Cells , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Snails/chemistry
14.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 1023-1028, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of stachydrine (STA) on apoptosis of Aβ-induced PC12 cells mimicking Alzheimer's disease and explore the mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The differential genes of STA were analyzed based on GSE85871 data, and the target genes of STA were identified using STITCH database. PC12 cells were treated with Aβ to establish a cell model of Alzheimer's disease, and the changes in cell viability and cell cycle in response to STA treatment were assessed using MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the relevant gene or protein expressions in the treated cells.@*RESULTS@#GSE85871 data showed 37 up-regulated genes and 48 down-regulated genes in cells following treatment with STA. Analysis of the data from the STITCH database indicated that RPS8 and EED were the target genes of STA. Treatment of PC12 cells with Aβ significantly lowered the cell viability ( < 0.05) and the expressions of RPS8 and EED at both the mRNA and protein levels ( < 0.05), and obviously inhibited the expression of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and p53 ( < 0.05). STA treatment of the cells significantly reversed the effect of Aβ and induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase, causing also significantly increases in the expression levels of RPS8, EED, Bcl-2 and p53 ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#STA plays an important role in inhibiting the apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by Aβ possibly by regulating RPS8 and EED expression to promote the expressions of Bcl-2 and p53.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alzheimer Disease , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Gene Expression Regulation , Models, Biological , PC12 Cells , Proline , Pharmacology
15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 985-989, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813060

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of SB203580, a p38MAPK specific inhibitor, on ropivacaine-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells.
 Methods: PC12 cells were divided into three groups: the normal group (Group N), cells were cultured for 48 h; the ropivacaine group (Group R), cells were cultured with 15 mmol/L ropivacaine hydrochloride for 48 h; the ropivacaine+SB203580 group (Group R+S), cells were cultured with 15 mmol/L ropivacaine hydrochloride plus 10 μmol/L SB203580 for 48 h. The cell survival rates were detected by MTT assay. The protein levels of cleaved caspase-3, phosphor-p38 (p-p38) and cystolic cytochrome C (Cyt C) were detected by Western blotting.
 Results: Compared with the Group N, the number and survival rate of PC12 cells in the Group R and the Group R+S were significantly reduced (all P<0.05); the number and survival rate of PC12 cells in the Group R+S were significantly higher than those in the Group R (both P<0.05). Compared with the Group N, the levels of p-p38 and cleaved caspase-3, and the content of cytoplasmic Cyt C in the PC12 cells from the Group R and the Group R+S were significantly enhanced (all P<0.05); compared with the Group R, the levels of p-p38 and cleaved caspase-3, and the content of cytoplasmic Cyt C in the PC12 cells from the Group R+S were decreased (all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The ropivacaine-induced cytotoxicity can be attenuated via inhibition of p38MAPK; which is related to decrease in Cyt C content and cleaved caspase-3 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anesthetics, Local , Toxicity , Apoptosis , Imidazoles , PC12 Cells , Pyridines , Ropivacaine , Toxicity , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2686-2690, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773272

ABSTRACT

To investigate the inhibitory effects and mechanism of Cistanche tubulosa ethanol extract( CTEE) against oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion( OGD/R)-induced PC12 cells neuronal injury. In this study,OGD/R-induced PC12 cells were used to explore the neuroprotective effects of CTEE( 12. 5,25,50 mg·L-1) by detecting cell viability with MTT assay,apoptosis with AO/EB and Hoechst 33258,mitochondrial membrane potential changes with JC-1 staining,mitochondrial oxidative stress with MitoSOX staining,as well as the apoptosis-related protein expression( PARP,cleaved PARP,caspase-3,cleaved caspase-3,Bax,Bcl-2) with Western blot. RESULTS:: showed that CTEE effectively protected OGD/R-induced neuronal injury and increased the survival rate of PC12 cells.AO/EB and Hoechst 33258 staining showed that CTEE could effectively inhibit apoptosis. Moreover,JC-1 and MitoSOX staining results showed that CTEE decreased mitochondrial stress and mitochondrial membrane potential imbalance in PC12 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Meanwhile,CTEE could obviously suppress the activation of key proteins in mitochondrial apoptosis pathway such as caspase-3 and PARP,and significantly inhibit the rise of Bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2. In conclusion,CTEE has obvious protective effects on OGD/R-induced PC12 cells neuronal injury,potentially via inhibiting mitochondrial oxidative stress and apoptosis-related signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cistanche , Chemistry , Ethanol , Glucose , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen , PC12 Cells , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2588-2593, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773222

ABSTRACT

The PK-PD correlation models by using pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics were applied to study the material basis of Naomaitong,a clinical empirical prescription for the treatment of cerebral apoplexy,in inhibiting the death of PC12 nerve cells induced by Na_2S_2O_4 and Glu. In this experiment,PC12 cell death models induced by Na_2S_2O_4 and Glu were established respectively.With LDH lateral leakage and NO content as pharmacodynamic indexes,PK-PD model was established by SVM algorithm to evaluate the effective components of Naomaitong in inhibiting neural cell death. The results showed that the positive correlation of emodin methyl ether-8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside,aloe emodin,chrysophanol,rhein,emodin,ginsenoside Rg1,ginsenoside Rc,3'-methoxypuerarin and ligustilide was significant,obviously improving the LDH release and NO content. The results indicated that the contribution of Radix Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma in Naomaitong could protect the nerve cell death induced by Na_2S_2O_4 and Glu respectively. PK-PD model was used to screen the neuroprotective components in Naomaitong,revealing the possible pharmacodynamic material basis of Naomaitong in the treatment of cerebral ischemia injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Neurons , Cell Biology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells
18.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 264-274, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776886

ABSTRACT

Atractylenolide III (ATL-III), a sesquiterpene compound isolated from Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, has revealed a number of pharmacological properties including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer activity, and neuroprotective effect. This study aimed to evaluate the cytoprotective efficiency and potential mechanisms of ATL-III on corticosterone injured rat phaeochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Our results demonstrate that ATL-III increases cell viability and reduces the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). The results suggest that ATL-III protects PC12 cells from corticosterone-induced injury by inhibiting the intracellular Ca overloading, inhibiting the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and modulating the MAPK/NF-ΚB inflammatory pathways. These findings provide a novel insight into the molecular mechanism by which ATL-III protected the PC12 cells against corticosterone-induced injury for the first time. Our results provide the evidence that ATL-III may serve as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Survival , Corticosterone , Toxicity , Inflammation Mediators , Metabolism , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Lactones , Pharmacology , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells , Phosphorylation , Sesquiterpenes , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction
19.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 194-202, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812413

ABSTRACT

Buyang Huanwu Decoction (BYHWD) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine prescription which is used to treat ischaemic stroke and stroke-induced disabilities. However, the exact mechanism underlying BYHWD's amelioration of ischaemic stroke and its effective constituents remain unclear. The present study aimed to identify the effective constituents of BYHWD and to further explore its action mechanisms in the amelioration of ischaemic stroke by testing the activities of 15 absorbable chemical constituents of BYHWD with the same methods under the same conditions. The following actions of these 15 compounds were revealed: 1) Ferulic acid, calycosin, formononetin, astrapterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucoside, paeonol, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, astraisoflavan-7-O-β-D-glucoside, ligustrazine, and propyl gallate significantly suppressed concanavalin A (Con A)-induced T lymphocyte proliferation; 2) Propyl gallate, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, paeonol, and ferulic acid markedly inhibited LPS-induced apoptosis in RAW264.7 cells; 3) Propyl gallate and formononetin significantly inhibited LPS-induced NO release; 4) Hydroxysafflor yellow A and inosine protected PC12 cells against the injuries caused by glutamate; and 5) Formononetin, astragaloside IV, astraisoflavan-7-O-β-D-glucoside, inosine, paeoniflorin, ononin, paeonol, propyl gallate, ligustrazine, and ferulic acid significantly suppressed the constriction of the thoracic aorta induced by KCl in rats. In conclusion, the results from the present study suggest that BYHWD exerts its ischaemic stroke ameliorating activities by modulating multiple targets with multiple components.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Rats , Apoptosis , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Glucosides , Isoflavones , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Monoterpenes , PC12 Cells , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins , Stroke , Drug Therapy , Triterpenes
20.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 512-518, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758833

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that the sciatic nerve has neurotrophic activity, and nerve regeneration, differentiation, and axon outgrowth can be modulated by different sciatic nerve preparations. However, numerous animals may have to be sacrificed to obtain enough sciatic nerves to make a sciatic nerve preparation. Some studies have demonstrated that the role of sciatic nerve preparations in neural differentiation depends on the neurotrophins that Schwann cells secrete, and these factors are highly conserved among different species. To reduce the use of experimental animals, in this study, we made a leachate by using the sciatic nerve of cattle and explored its effect on neuronal differentiation of rat PC12 cells (a useful model for studying neuronal differentiation). Results showed the neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells treated with the cattle sciatic nerve leachate for 3, 6, and 9 days was significantly improved, and the expressions of β3-tubulin and microtubule-associated protein 2 (two neuron-specific proteins) were increased. Moreover, the ERK1/2 signaling pathway was activated after PC12 cells were incubated with cattle sciatic nerve leachate for 9 days. Thus, a sciatic nerve leachate obtained from cattle can effectively induce neuronal differentiation of rat PC12 cells via ERK1/2 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Rats , Axons , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Nerve Growth Factors , Nerve Regeneration , Neurites , Neurons , PC12 Cells , Schwann Cells , Sciatic Nerve
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