Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.281
Filter
1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211076, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253739

ABSTRACT

Aim: to evaluate the intra and inter-device reliability of two intraoral spectrophotometers in measuring the Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage (CIE) L*a*b* color coordinates and to compare the color difference (ΔE) between both devices. Methods: the central region of the labial surface of the maxillary central incisor of 31 participants was measured twice by each of the devices (VITA EasyShade and Degudent Shadepilot) by one examiner. CIE L*a*b* color coordinates were obtained for all teeth and ΔE was measured and compared. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Mann-whitney U test were used to analyze the data (p<0.05). Results: inter-device reliability ICCs in measuring CIE L*a*b* color coordinates ranged between 0.08-0.49 with significant difference between devices only concerning the b coordinate (p<0.05). While intra device reliability ICCs ranged between 0.86-0.89 for VITA EasyShade and 0.81-0.86 for Degudent Shadepilot. The mean ΔE for CIE L*a*b* color coordinates of VITA EasyShade was 3.61 (±1.93) compared to 3.60 (± 1.45) for Degudent Shadepilot with insignificant difference between both devices (p>0.05). Conclusions: high intra device reliability in measuring CIE L*a*b* color coordinates was achieved particularly of Vita EasyShade, and both devices had clinically acceptable color difference (ΔE <3.7) however, inter device reliability was low to moderate. Consequently, the same spectrophotometer should be used throughout the steps of performing any tooth- colored restoration


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Spectrophotometry , Color , Data Accuracy
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 18-23, maio-ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252902

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi realizar uma revisão narrativa da literatura para comparar os métodos visual e instrumental de seleção da cor dentária, correlacionando-os com o fator experiência e a educação continuada. Utilizou-se como base de dados a MEDLINE na qual foram aplicados os descritores "visualshade match", "color measurement", "spectrophotometer" e "tooth color determination". Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2020que abordassem uma análise comparativa entre as duas modalidades de seleção da cor dentária. Se enquadraram nos critérios de exclusão estudos que não contemplavam a temática abordada e aqueles publicados nos anos anteriores a 2010, além das revisões de literatura. No total, onze artigos foram selecionados para compor essa revisão. Os estudos demonstraram que o método instrumental apresentou maior confiabilidade e reprodutibilidade quando comparado ao método visual, isso se deve ao fato de a escolha de cor através de instrumentos eletrônicos proporcionar melhor precisão e atenuação da subjetividade. No que concerne a experiência como fator influenciador da seleção de cor, os estudos são controversos. Mesmo evidenciando melhor precisão, a estimativa instrumental apresenta limitações devido à dificuldade de aferição em função da convexidade da anatomia dentária. Desse modo, foi descrito que a associação de métodos é capaz de elevar a confiabilidade da escolha de cor, melhorando o resultado estético. Não houve consenso entre os estudos com relação à influência da experiência, no entanto, a educação continuada foi sugerida na literatura como alternativa para formar profissionais mais confiantes no processo de seleção de tonalidades(AU)


The goal of this study was to carry out a narrative review of the literature to compare the visual and instrumental methods of tooth color selection, correlating them with the experience factor and continuing education. MEDLINE was used as a database in which the descriptions such as "visual shade match", "color measurement", "spectrophotometer" and "tooth color determination" were applied. The inclusion criteria were articles published between 2010 and 2020 that addressed a comparative analysis between the two types of tooth color selection. The exclusion criteria included studies that did not contemplate the theme addressed and those published in the years prior to 2010, in addition to literature reviews. In total, eleven articles were selected to compose this review. Studies have shown that the instrumental method showed greater reliability and reproducibility when compared to the visual method, this is due to the fact that the color's choice through electronic instruments provides better precision and lessened subjectivity. Regarding experience as na influencing factor in color selection, studies are controversial. Even with better precision, the instrumental estimation has limitations due to the difficulty of measuring it due to the convexity of the dental anatomy. Thus, it was described that the association of the methods is able to increase the reliability of the color's choice, improving the aesthetic result. There was no consensus among the studies in regard to the experiment's influence, however, continuing education was suggested in the literature as an alternative in order to form more confident professionals when it comes to the shade selection process(AU)


Subject(s)
Color , Esthetics, Dental , Spectrophotometry
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 551-559, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1278350

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the use of haptoglobin (Hp) as an indicator of health and performance in 166 Holstein heifer calves reared in an intensive production system. Calves were evaluated at D6-9; D10-13; D20-23; D35-38 and D65-68, corresponding to the days of life. The absence or presence of diseases was evaluated by physical examination and classification of scores. The performance parameters evaluated were body weight, height at withers and hind width. Hp was measured by spectrophotometric technique. The highest prevalence of diarrhea (59.4%; 98/165) was observed in D10-13, bovine respiratory disease (BRD) was on D35-38 (25.8%; 42/163), and umbilical inflammations in D6-D9 (7.8%; 13/166). Highest values of Hp were observed in animals with diarrhea (P=0.02), and umbilical inflammation (P=0.057), in comparison with the group of healthy calves. A significant negative correlation was observed between Hp and performance index. This protein presented an important relation with diarrhea and performance of the calves, opening perspectives on its utilization as a biomarker of diseases.(AU)


O presente estudo avaliou o uso da haptoglobina (Hp) como indicadora de sanidade e desempenho em 166 bezerras Holandesas criadas em um sistema de produção intensivo. As bezerras foram avaliadas nos momentos D6-9; D10-13; D20-23; D35-38 e D65-68, sendo estes correspondentes aos dias de vida. A ausência ou a presença de doenças foi avaliada por meio do exame físico e da classificação por escores. Os parâmetros de desempenho avaliados foram peso corporal, altura de cernelha e largura de garupa. A Hp foi mensurada por técnica espectrofotométrica. A maior prevalência de diarreia (59,4%; 98/165) foi observada em D10-13, doença respiratória bovina (DRB) ocorreu em D35-38 (25,8%; 42/163) e inflamações umbilicais em D6-D9 (7,8%; 13/166). O valor de Hp foi maior nos animais que apresentaram diarreia (P=0,02) e inflamações umbilicais (P=0,057), em comparação ao grupo de bezerras saudáveis. Houve correlação negativa significativa entre a Hp e os índices de desempenho. Essa proteína apresentou uma importante relação com a diarreia e com o desempenho das bezerras, abrindo perspectivas sobre a sua utilização como biomarcadora de doenças.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Haptoglobins/analysis , Acute-Phase Proteins/analysis , Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex/pathology , Spectrophotometry/veterinary , Biomarkers/analysis , Diarrhea/veterinary
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 73-79, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247336

ABSTRACT

El color es un efecto visual de los rayos de luz reflejándose y su concepto es complejo por ser una sensación que se percibe y por las características electromagnéticas. Los dientes varían espacialmente porque son curvados, tienen prolongaciones relativamente pequeñas y vistas en contra de una variable de fondo no uniforme así como típicamente una iluminación no estandarizada, por lo cual difieren en relación con su colorimetría, por lo que el estudio del color es fundamental en la odontología. En la actualidad hay métodos para evaluar el color, desde una simple revisión visual hasta instrumentos como el colorímetro y los espectrofotómetros, los cuales son aparatos utilizados en la medida del color de un objeto a través de su longitud de onda reflejada. Una pigmentación dental se produce por varios factores, ya sean intrínsecos y extrínsecos, estas pigmentaciones son factores importantes tanto en la estética como en el aspecto físico, por lo que es importante poder evaluar la estabilidad de los dientes naturales ante diferentes sustancias que podrían modificar su color natural. En este estudio nos dimos a la tarea de evaluar el cambio de color de dientes naturales ante diferentes bebidas, se eligieron tres bebidas pigmentantes y de uso común: café, vino tinto y jugo de arándano; se utilizaron 10 dientes unirradiculares del mismo color previamente analizados con el espectrofotómetro. Un diente fue la muestra control y los nueve restantes se sumergieron en frascos separados con 10 mL de las tres bebidas elegidas. Realizando la evaluación de color a los 15, 30 y 90 días con ayuda del espectrofotómetro, pudimos observar que el diente sumergido en café no tuvo variación durante los primeros 15 días y el cambio más notable de color fue hasta los 90 días a diferencia de las muestras sumergidas en vino y jugo de arándano cuya variación máxima de color se presentó en 15 días respectivamente (AU)


Color is a visual effect of light rays reflecting and its concept is complex, for being a sensation that is perceived and for the electromagnetic characteristics. Teeth vary spatially because they are curved, have relatively small extensions, and are viewed against a non-uniform background variable as well as typically non-standardized illumination, which is why they differ in relation to their colorimetry. So the study of color is fundamental in dentistry. Currently, there are methods to evaluate color, from a simple visual check to instruments such as the colorimeter and spectrophotometers, which are devices used to measure the color of an object through its reflected wavelength. A dental pigmentation is produced by various factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic, these pigmentations are currently important factors in both aesthetics and physical appearance, so it is important to be able to evaluate the stability of natural teeth against different substances that could modify its natural color. In this study, we undertook the task of evaluating the change in the color of natural teeth when faced with different beverages. Three pigment and commonly used beverages were chosen: coffee, red wine and cranberry juice; 10 single-rooted teeth of the same color previously analyzed with the spectrophotometer were used. One tooth was the control sample and the remaining nine were immersed in separate bottles with 10 mL of the three chosen drinks. Carrying out the color evaluation at 15, 30 and 90 days with the help of the spectrophotometer, we could see that the tooth immersed in coffee did not change during the first 15 days and the most notable change in color was up to 90 days, unlike the samples immersed in wine and cranberry juice whose maximum color variation was presented in 15 days respectively (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Discoloration , Beverages , Color , Colorimetry , Esthetics, Dental , Spectrophotometry/methods , Wine , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Coffee , Juices , Light
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200467, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286919

ABSTRACT

Abstract Camphorquinone is the most conventionally used photoinitiator in Dentistry. Although different alternative photoinitiators have been proposed, no photoinitiator was capable of completely substituting camphorquinone. The combination of photoinitiators has been considered the best alternative. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of combining Norrish type I and II photoinitiators on the cure efficiency of dental resin-based composites. Methodology: Experimental composites were produced containing different photoinitiator systems: Norrish type I-only, mono-alkyl phosphine oxide (TPO); Norrish type II-only, camphorquinone (CQ); or its combination, CQ and TPO, in a 1: 1 molar ratio. UV-vis absorption spectrophotometry was performed to assess the consumption of each photoinitiator after curing (n=3). A multi-wave LED (Bluephase® G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) was pre-characterized and used with a radiant exposure of 24 J/cm2. The degree of conversion was evaluated by Raman spectrometry, and the elution of the monomers by nuclear magnetic resonance analysis (n=3). Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05; β=0.2). Results: The combination of CQ and TPO increased the consumption of the photoinitiator system compared to CQ-only (p=0.001), but presented similar consumption compared to TPO-only (p=0.52). There was no significant difference in the degree of conversion between the composites regardless of the photoinitiator system (p=0.81). However, the elution of the monomers was reduced when both photoinitiators were combined. TPO-based material presented the highest elution of monomers. Conclusions: The combination of the photoinitiator systems seems to be beneficial for the cure efficiency of dental resin-based composites.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Photoinitiators, Dental , Spectrophotometry , Materials Testing , Color
6.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64(spe): e21200455, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278455

ABSTRACT

Abstract Six sample preparation procedures were evaluated for selective extraction of Cr(VI) from commercial samples of chromium oxide green (Cr2O3) pigments prior to formation of its diphenylcarbazone complex [CrDPCO]- for determination by visible spectrophotometry: (I) water-soluble chromium; (II) EPA method 3060A without Mg2+; (III) EPA method 3060A with Mg2+; (IV) Na3PO4 based extraction; (V) method IRSA16 based on acidic extraction and; (VI) Na2CO3 based extraction. Evaluation of the influence of concomitant Cr(III) ions, time and stability of the [CrDPCO]- complex was investigated. Recoveries of soluble and insoluble Cr(VI) species were 86% and 80%, respectively, using procedure (VI). Direct calibration against aqueous standards prepared in the extraction medium was successful for Cr(VI) in the concentration range 0.05-1.50 μg L-1. Limits of detection and quantitation were 0.3 µg g-1 and 1.0 µg g-1, respectively, for 250 mg subsamples/25 mL. Procedure (VI) was applied to the analysis of four commercial samples of Cr2O3 pigments, three determined to have Cr(VI) within compliance limits below 1.0 µg g-1, but one at 16.6 ± 0.6 µg g-1, prohibiting use of this pigment in cosmetic formulations. This sample was conveniently employed to evaluate the accuracy of the method. The recommended procedure is simple and accurate and has been adopted by Tecpar's laboratory of Parana Institute of Technology (Curitiba, Brazil).


Subject(s)
Humans , Pigments, Biological , Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Chromium/analysis , Brazil
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21190423, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285548

ABSTRACT

Abstract High sensitivity of qPCR assay can be compromised by the presence of PCR inhibitors in samples analyzed. The aim of this study was to analyze the RT-qPCR assay efficiency considering the RNA quality/quantity and the presence of PCR inhibitors in patients with chemotherapy and/or antibiotic therapy. We analyzed 60 samples using RT-qPCR from individuals suspected of leukemia and 44 samples were quantified by fluorimetry and spectrophotometry. The efficiency of the RT-qPCR assay was evaluated comparing the threshold cycle (Ct) from tested samples and the standard curve. The 260/280 and 260/230 ratios, the presence of PCR inhibitors and the amount of sample (ng) used in the RT-qPCR reaction can be associated with 56.8% (R²=0.56, p<0.05) in the Ct obtained. The decrease of the RT-qPCR efficiency can be explained in 42,8% due to the variation of the 260/280 ratio (R²=0.42,p<0.05). The presence of antibiotics in the blood sample can be associated in 11.3% with the variability of 260/280 ratio (R²=0.11,p<0.05). Presence of chemotherapeutic drugs in the blood sample was not correlated with Ct variation (p=0.17). The spectrophotometer determines a RNA quantification with 2.2 times higher than the fluorimeter (t=2.2, p=0,03) and this difference is correlated with the 260/280 ratio (R²=0.36, p<0.05). Samples with low purity had a reduction in the qPCR efficiency, although we did not observe false results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods , Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Fluorometry/instrumentation
8.
Dent. press endod ; 10(3): 88-93, Sept-Dec.2020. Tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348054

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar clinicamente a descoloração da coroa dentária após obturação do canal radicular com diferentes cimentos endodônticos. Métodos: Trinta e dois dentes foram tratados endodonticamente e obturados com AH Plus (AHP), Endofill (END), MTA Fillapex (MTA) ou Sealer 26 (SEA), divididos em oito pacientes por grupo. O registro das cores foi realizado com um espectrofotômetro antes da intervenção (T0 ), aos 30 (T1 ) e aos 90 dias após a intervenção (T2 ). As avaliações foram feitas no centro da coroa dentária e a variação de cor (ΔE) foi calculada por meio da Commission International de l'Eclai- rage (CIE) L*a*b. Um operador, especialista em Endodontia, realizou os procedimentos clínicos. Os dados foram submetidos a medidas repetidas ANOVA e teste de Tukey (Δ=5%). Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na variação de cores entre os cimentos (AHP ΔE=4,11; END ΔE = 6,34; SEA ΔE = 8,77 e MTA ΔE = 12,15), p>0,05. Porém, houve diferença entre os períodos analisados (T1ΔE= 5,65; T2 ΔE = 10,02). Conclusões: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, todos os cimentos endodônticos causaram alterações cromáticas clinicamente perceptíveis na coroa dentária. No entanto, o AH Plus promoveu menos alterações cromáticas na coroa dentária (AU).


Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the crown discoloration after root canal filling with different endodontic cements clinically. Methods: Thirty-two teeth were endodontically treated and filled with AH Plus (AHP), Endofill (END), MTA Fillapex (MTA), or Sealer 26 (SEA), divided into eight patients per group. Color recording was performed with a spectrophotometer before the intervention (T0 ) and at 30 (T1 ) and 90 days post-intervention (T2 ). The evaluations were done in the center of the dental crown and color variation (ΔE) was calculated by means of the Commission International de IEclairage (CIE) L*a*b. The data were subjected to repeated measures ANOVA and Tukeys test (alpha=5%). Results: There was no statistically significant difference in color variation between the cements (AHP ΔE=4.11; END ΔE=6.34; SEA ΔE=8.77, and MTA ΔE=12.15), p>0.05. However, there was a difference between the periods tested (T1 ΔE=5.65; T2 ΔE=10.02). Conclusions: All tested endodontic cements altered the color of dental crowns (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Tooth Discoloration , Tooth Crown , Spectrophotometry , Analysis of Variance
9.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 490-499, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178945

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dentin surface treatment with 37% phosphoric acid or 17% ethylenedia-minetetraacetic acid (EDTA) before Internal Bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide using the walking bleach technique. Material and Methods: This experimental in vitro study used 66 human premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons, which were debrided, endodontically prepared, and pigmented with chromogens derived from blood decomposition. The samples were randomly divided into three groups (n=22). Group A: bleaching agent without dentin conditioning; group B: bleaching agent in dentin conditioned with phosphoric acid 37%; group C: bleaching agent in dentin conditioned with 17% EDTA. 4 applications of bleaching agent were used with a separation of 4 days between each session. The initial color (baseline) and after each application was determined by spectrophotometry, recording the CIE L*a*b* values and the total color variation between the initial parameters and the different evaluation times. Results: Data were statistically analyzed with the Wilcoxon test. This showed statistically significant differences for the total variation of the color between the study groups, with the control group in no case inferior to the rest. Conclusion: The application of 37% phosphoric acid increased the effectiveness of the bleaching agent when compared to 17% EDTA. However, these did not increase the effectiveness compared to the application of the bleaching agent without a previous dentin surface treatment.


Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del tratamiento de superficie dentinaria con ácido fosfórico al 37% o EDTA al 17% previo al blanqueamiento Interno con peróxido de hidrógeno al 35% por medio de la técnica Walking Bleach. Material y Métodos:Para este estudio experimental in vitro, se utilizaron 66 premolares humanos extraídos por indicación ortodóncica, los cuales fueron desbridados, preparados endodónticamente, y pigmentados con cromógenos derivados de la descomposición sanguínea. Las muestras fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 3 grupos (n=22). Grupo A: agente blanqueador sin acondicionamiento dentinario, grupo B: agente blanqueador en dentina acondicionada con ácido fosfórico 37% y grupo C: agente blanqueador en dentina acondicionada con EDTA 17%. Se utilizaron 4 aplicaciones de agente blanqueador con una separación de 4 días entre cada sesión. El color inicial (baseline) y tras cada aplicación fue determinado mediante espectrofotometría, registrando los valores CIE L*a*b* y la variación total de color entre los parámetros iniciales y los diferentes tiempos de evaluación. Resultados: Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente con la prueba de Wilcoxon, arrojando diferencias estadísticamente significativas para la variación total del color entre los grupos de estudio, siendo en ningún caso el grupo control inferior al resto. Conclusión: La aplicación de ácido fosfórico al 37% aumenta la eficacia del agente blanqueador al compararlo con el EDTA 17%, sin embargo, no aumentan la eficacia respecto a la aplicación del agente blanqueador sin un tratamiento de superficie dentinaria previo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Color , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Spectrophotometry , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques , Chile , Epidemiology, Experimental
10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e3376, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144452

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El blanqueamiento intracoronal es una alternativa mínimamente invasiva que permite devolver el color a dientes no vitales tincionados. La estabilidad del color logrado es fundamental para evaluar la predictibilidad de este tipo de tratamiento. Objetivo: Evaluar la estabilidad del color 3 años después del blanqueamiento intracameral con peróxido de hidrógeno y carbamida a diferentes concentraciones. Métodos: Se utilizaron 44 premolares extraídos por indicación ortodóncica, los cuales fueron tratados endodónticamente y pigmentados artificialmente con cromógenos sanguíneos. Las muestras fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 4 grupos de estudio (n = 11) siendo: grupo A: peróxido de carbamida 37 por ciento, grupo B: peróxido de hidrógeno 35 por ciento, grupo C: peróxido de carbamida 100 por ciento y grupo D: control; para luego realizar 4 aplicaciones de agente blanqueador con un intervalo de 4 días entre cada aplicación. El registro del color se realizó mediante espectrofotometría, lo que permitió obtener los valores CIE L*a*b* para calcular la variación total de color entre los parámetros iniciales y finales del tratamiento, así como el control a los 3 años. Resultados: Los resultados fueron analizados mediante las pruebas de Shapiro-Wilks, ANOVA y Mann-Whitney, sin registrar diferencias significativas en la variación total de color al control de los 3 años (p > 0,05). Conclusión: Los resultados del blanqueamiento intracoronal, independiente del tipo y concentración del agente utilizado en este estudio son estables en el tiempo y cualquier variación regresiva de color debe ser atribuida a factores extrínsecos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Intracoronal whitening is a minimally invasive procedure to restore natural color to stained non-vital teeth. The color stability achieved is fundamental to evaluate the predictability of this type of treatment. Objective: Evaluate color stability 3 years after intracameral whitening with carbamide and hydrogen peroxide at various concentrations. Methods: A total 44 premolars were used which had been extracted by orthodontic indication. The premolars were treated endodontically and artificially pigmented with blood chromogenes. The samples were randomly divided into 4 study groups (n = 11): Group A: 37 percent carbamide peroxide, Group B: 35 percent hydrogen peroxide, Group C: 100 percent carbamide peroxide and Group D: control. Four applications were then made of the whitening agent with a 4-days' separation between them. Color was recorded by spectrophotometry, obtaining the values CIE L*a*b* to estimate total color variation between the initial and final parameters of the treatment, as well as control at 3 years. Results: The results were analyzed with Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA and Mann-Whitney tests, not finding any significant differences in total color variation with respect to the 3 years' control (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the intracoronal whitening studied are stable throughout time, regardless of the type and concentration of the agent used, and any regressive color variation should be attributed to extrinsic factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Spectrophotometry/methods , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth, Nonvital/drug therapy , Carbamide Peroxide/therapeutic use , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use
11.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(4): 461-466, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149035

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los residuos de ácido siálico de las glicoproteínas de superficie son los principales responsables de la carga negativa eritrocitaria. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar alteraciones de carga globular producidas por Trichinella spiralis y Trichinella patagoniensis. Se trabajó con concentrados de larvas musculares de ambas especies y con eritrocitos frescos. Se incubó el sedimento globular con igual volumen de concentrado larval (1 y 2 horas). Los controles fueron incubados con solución salina. Se aplicó el método de Azul Alcian y se determinó el coeficiente experimental de carga aniónica eritrocitaria (CexpCAE). Los resultados mostraron que la carga disminuyó con el aumento del tiempo de tratamiento para ambas especies. Los valores de CexpCAE de las suspensiones incubadas con T. spiralis fueron menores que con T. patagoniensis, indicando que T. spiralis produjo mayor disminución de carga que T. patagoniensis. Se concluye que la desialización producida por ambas especies no es la misma, lo que sugiere que la relación hospedador-parásito que se establecería in vivo sería distinta.


Abstract The sialic acid residues of the surface glycoproteins are mainly responsible for the erythrocyte negative charge. The objective of this work was to study alterations of globular charge produced by Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella patagoniensis. Work was carried out on muscle larvae concentrates of both species and fresh erythrocytes. The treatment was performed by incubating the globular pellet with equal volume of larval concentrate (1 and 2 hours). Controls were incubated with saline solution. The Alcian Blue method was applied and the experimental coefficient of erythrocyte anion charge (expCEAC) was determined. The results showed that the globular charge decreased with increasing treatment time for both species. The expCEAC values of the suspensions incubated with T. spiralis were lower than with T. patagoniensis, indicating that T. spiralis produced a greater decrease in charge than T. patagoniensis. It is concluded that the desialization produced by both species is not the same, suggesting that the host-parasite relationship that would be established in vivo would be different.


Resumo Os resíduos de ácido siálico das glicoproteínas de superfície são os principais responsáveis pela carga negativa dos eritrócitos. O objetivo desse trabalho foi estudar as alterações da carga globular produzidas por Trichinella spiralis e Trichinella patagoniensis. Trabalhamos com concentrados de larvas musculares de ambas as espécies e com eritrócitos frescos. O tratamento foi realizado incubando o sedimento globular com igual volume de concentrado larval (1 e 2 horas), Os controles foram incubados com solução salina. Foi aplicado o método de Azul de Alcian e se determinou o coeficiente experimental de carga aniônica de eritrócitos (CexpCAE). Os resultados mostraram que a carga diminuiu com o aumento do tempo de tratamento para ambas as espécies. Os valores de CexpCAE das suspensões incubadas com T. spiralis foram menores que com T. patagoniensis, indicando que T. spiralis produziu uma diminuição maior na carga que T. patagoniensis. Conclui-se que a dessalinização produzida por ambas as espécies não é a mesma, sugerindo que a relação hospedeiro parasita que seria estabelecida in vivo é diferente.


Subject(s)
Animals , Trichinella/physiology , Alcian Blue , Coloring Agents , Erythrocytes/parasitology , Larva/physiology , Spectrophotometry , Trichinella spiralis/physiology , Erythrocytes/chemistry , Host-Parasite Interactions
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(3): 197-202, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125070

ABSTRACT

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive disorder due to a deficiency of enzymes involved in cortisol biosynthesis. In more than 90% of cases, CAH is secondary to deleterious mutations in the CYP21A2 gene leading to 21-hydroxilase deficiency (21OHD). The CYP21A2 gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 6 (6p21·3) and encodes the cytochrome P450C21 enzyme. Neonatal screening programs detect the classic forms of CAH-21OHD quantifying 17OH-progesterone in dried blood spots (DBS). This test is very sensitive, but it has a low specificity, requiring a second sample to confirm the result. In these cases, a second-tier test in the same sample may be useful. Our aim was to evaluate a DNA extraction method from DBS and assess the performance of such DNA in the molecular analysis of the CYP21A2 gene mutations. Twelve individuals, who presumably had CAH based on the initial neonatal screening results, were analyzed using DNA extracted from freshly collected blood on EDTA and DBS. The CYP21A2 gene was analyzed by automated sequencing of all exons and intron boundaries and MLPA analysis in DBS. Molecular analysis results from both extraction methods were compared. In this study, we show that DNA extracted from neonatal screening DBS is a useful tool to define CYP21A2 gene mutations in 21-OHD diagnostic confirmation for the newborn screening program and that its results are comparable to traditional genotyping.


La hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita (HSC) es un desorden autosómico recesivo producido por la deficiencia de alguna de las enzimas involucradas en la biosíntesis de cortisol. Más del 90% se debe a mutaciones en el gen CYP21A2 que genera deficiencia de 21 hidroxilasa (21OHD). Este gen se encuentra en el brazo corto del cromosoma 6 (6p21·3) y codifica para la enzima citocromo P450C21. Los programas de pesquisa neonatal detectan la forma clásica de la HSC-21OHD cuantificando 17OH-progesterona en gota de sangre en papel de filtro (GSPF). Este test es muy sensible, pero tiene baja especificidad , por lo que se utiliza una segunda muestra para confirmar el resultado. En estos casos, una segunda determinación en la misma muestra podría ser de utilidad. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar el método de extracción de ADN y posterior análisis molecular del gen CYP21A2 en muestras de GSPF. Analizamos doce individuos presumiblemente afectados por HSC en la pesquisa neonatal usando ADN extraído de sangre fresca recolectada sobre EDTA y de GSPF. Realizamos el análisis del gen CYP21A2 mediante secuenciación automática de todos los exones y regiones intrónicas flanqueantes y MLPA en GSPF, y comparamos los resultados con ambos métodos de extracción. En este estudio demostramos que el ADN extraído de GSPF es una herramienta muy útil para analizar las mutaciones del gen CYP21A2 en la confirmación diagnóstica de 21-OHD para los programas de pesquisa neonatal y que los resultados son comparables con la genotipificación tradicional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase/genetics , Neonatal Screening/methods , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/diagnosis , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/genetics , Dried Blood Spot Testing/methods , Mutation , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Gestational Age , 17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone/analysis , Alleles
13.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(1): 26-27, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089826

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To qualitatively and quantitatively assess the color changes effect and the color stability of the resin infiltrant on white spot lesions (WSLs), in comparison with nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) toothpaste and microabrasion. Methods: WSLs were artificially created on sixty human premolars enamel surfaces and randomly assigned to equal four groups (n = 15 each): nano-HA toothpaste, microabrasion (Opalusture), resin infiltrant (Icon) treatment, or artificial saliva (control group). The color change (ΔE) of each specimen was measured by dental spectrophotometer (Vita Easyshade) at different time points: baseline, after WSLs' creation, after application of treatments, one month, three and six months after treatments application. Results: The ΔE value did not differ significantly for the four groups at baseline measurement before treatment (p> 0.05). Icon resin infiltrant improved the color of WSLs significantly immediately after its application, giving the lowest ΔE value (3.00 ± 0.59), when compared to other treatments (p< 0.001). There were no significant changes in ΔE (p> 0.05) for all groups during the follow up intervals (one month, three and six months after treatments application). Conclusion: Resin infiltrant can improve the color of WSLs and restore the natural appearance of enamel better than nano-HA toothpaste and microabrasion.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar qualitativamente e quantitativamente os efeitos nas mudanças e estabilidade da cor de lesões de mancha branca (LMBs), após tratamento com infiltração de resina, em comparação aos tratamentos com pasta de dentes com nanopartículas de hidroxiapatita (Nano-HA) e com microabrasão. Métodos: As LMBs foram criadas artificialmente em 60 superfícies de esmalte dentário de pré-molares humanos e aleatoriamente divididas em quatro grupos (n=15, cada): pasta de dentes Nano-HA, microabrasão (Opalusture), tratamento com infiltração de resina (Icon) e saliva artificial (grupo controle). A mudança de cor (ΔE) de cada espécime foi aferida com um espectrofotômetro odontológico (Vita Easyshade) em diferentes tempos: início do estudo, após a criação das LMBs, após a aplicação dos tratamentos, um mês, três meses e seis meses após a aplicação dos tratamentos. Resultados: Os valores de ΔE não diferiram significativamente entre os quatro grupos ao início do estudo (p > 0,05). A infiltração com resina Icon melhorou significativamente a coloração das LMBs imediatamente após a sua aplicação, com o menor valor de ΔE (3,00 ± 0,59), quando comparada às outras modalidades de tratamento (p < 0,001). Não houve mudanças significativas nos valores de ΔE (p > 0,05) em qualquer um dos grupos durante os intervalos de acompanhamento (um mês, três meses e seis meses após a aplicação do tratamento). Conclusão: A infiltração de resina é capaz de melhorar a coloração das LMBs e restaurar a aparência natural do esmalte de forma superior à pasta de dentes com Nano-HA e à microabrasão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries , Resins, Synthetic , Spectrophotometry , Color , Dental Enamel
14.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 41: [10], 01/01/2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128576

ABSTRACT

Formaldehyde is an active compound, irregularly used in hair products, that has the property of straighten and waterproofing the wires. However, it is highly toxic and can stimulate dermatological hypersensitivity and cancer. In this context it is of fundamental importance the inspection of these products that can be used in safe conditions for the consumer, without formaldehyde in concentrations higher than the allowed. Thus, the aim of this research was the qualitative and quantitative identification formaldehyde in samples of hair straighteners that was obtained by donation in the beauty salons of Araraquara-SP. In addition, the analysis of the packaging labels of the products tested were conducted, following the requirements of the national legislation - RDC 07/2015 which defines the mandatory labeling standards for cosmetic products. A qualitative analysis for formaldehyde identification is based on the formation of a purple colored complex. The quantitative analysis was performed by spectrophotometry. The qualitative and quantitative formaldehyde analysis methods were applied to 13 bottles of hair straighteners. When submitted to qualitative analysis, all samples showed formaldehyde presence. The quantitative analysis demonstrated that the samples identified as B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J and M presented formaldehyde concentration of 3.5 to 14.5%, which is above of the limit recommended by the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), of 0.2%. In the label analysis, in all samples were found irregularities.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Product Labeling/legislation & jurisprudence , Cosmetics/analysis , Formaldehyde/analysis , Hair , Spectrophotometry/methods , Indicators and Reagents/administration & dosage
15.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190146, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136698

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The presence of dietary bioactive compounds in the human diet becomes a major factor in combating the etiology of different pathologies. Thus, the aim of this investigation was to evaluate the fatty acids profile, cardiovascular functionality indices, bioactive compounds and spectroscopic pattern of peach palm oil (pupunha oil) and their impact on human health. Methods The oil was obtained by soxhlet extraction; the oil yield and qualities were determined according to the standards of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. For the fatty acids profile, the practical recommendations of the American Oil Chemists' Society and of the International Organization for Standardization were followed. Total carotenoids and polyphenols were determined by spectrophotometry; the composition of the chemical groups was determined by infrared spectroscopy. The anti-atherogenic, antithrombogenic and hypocholesterolemic indices were obtained using mathematical models. Results The results showed good quality oil based on acid and peroxyde indices (2.45±0.33mg KOH g-1 and 5.47±1.05mEq kg-1). The main fruit bioactive compound was β-carotene (832.4±0.64µg/100g). The chromatographic profile showed a high saturated fatty acid content (53.74%); unsaturated (46.25%); fats were monounsaturated (39.66%) and polyunsaturated (6.59%). The antiatherogenic, antithrombogenic and hypocholesterolemic indices were, on average, 1.10, 2.04 and 0.84, respectively. The spectroscopic profile exhibited bands with variation from 2918.8cm-1 to 714cm-1. Conclusion The results indicate that the consumption of isolated lipid content of the pupunha palm oil provides health protection with emphasis on the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.


RESUMO Objetivo A presença de fontes alimentares ricas em compostos bioativos na dieta humana torna-se fator preponderante no combate à etiologia de diversas patologias. Assim, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o perfil de ácidos graxos, índices de funcionalidade cardiovasculares, compostos bioativos e padrão espectroscópico do óleo da pupunha vermelha e suas implicações para a saúde humana. Métodos O óleo foi obtido por extração via soxhlet; seu rendimento e qualidade foram determinados segundo as normas da Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Para o perfil de ácidos graxos, seguiram-se as recomendações práticas da American Oil Chemists' Society e da International Organization for Standardization. Os carotenoides e polifenóis totais foram estipulados por espectrofotometria; a constituição de grupos químicos, por espectroscopia de infravermelho. Os índices antiaterogênico, antitrombogênico e hipocolesterolêmico foram obtidos por modelos matemáticos. Resultados Os resultados evidenciaram um óleo com boa qualidade, com base nos índices de acidez e peróxido (2,45±0,33mg KOH g-1 e 5,47±1,05mEq kg-1). O principal composto bioativo desse fruto foi o β-caroteno (832,4±0,64µg/100g). O perfil cromatográfico revelou um elevado teor de ácidos graxos saturados (53,74%); os insaturados (46,25%) se mostraram distribuídos em monoinsaturados (39,66%) e poli-insaturados (6,59%). Os índices de antiaterogênico, antitrombogênico e hipocolesterolêmico foram, em média, respectivamente 1,10; 2,04 e 0,84. O perfil espectroscópico apresentou destaques com variação de 2918,8cm-1 a 714cm-1. Conclusão Os resultados indicam que o consumo do conteúdo lipídico isolado da pupunha atua na proteção da saúde, em especial para a prevenção de agravos cardiovasculares.


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometry , Oils , Carotenoids , Arecaceae , Fatty Acids
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190720, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134776

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study evaluated the clinical effect of violet LED light on in-office bleaching used alone or combined with 37% carbamide peroxide (CP) or 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). Methodology A total of 100 patients were divided into five groups (n=20): LED, LED/CP, CP, LED/HP and HP. Colorimetric evaluation was performed using a spectrophotometer (ΔE, ΔL, Δa, Δb) and a visual shade guide (ΔSGU). Calcium (Ca)/phosphorous (P) ratio was quantified in the enamel microbiopsies. Measurements were performed at baseline (T 0 ), after bleaching (T B ) and in the 14-day follow-up (T 14 ). At each bleaching session, a visual scale determined the absolute risk (AR) and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS). Data were evaluated by one-way (ΔE, Δa, ΔL, Δb), two-way repeated measures ANOVA (Ca/P ratio), and Tukey post-hoc tests. ΔSGU and TS were evaluated by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney, and AR by Chi-Squared tests (a=5%). Results LED produced the lowest ΔE (p<0.05), but LED/HP promoted greater ΔE, ΔSGU and Δb (T 14 ) than HP (p<0.05). No differences were observed in ΔE and ΔSGU for LED/CP and HP groups (p>0.05). ΔL and Δa were not influenced by LED activation. After bleaching, LED/CP exhibited greater Δb than CP (p>0.05), but no differences were found between these groups at T 14 (p>0.05). LED treatment promoted the lowest risk of TS (16%), while HP promoted the highest (94.4%) (p<0.05). No statistical differences of risk of TS were found for CP (44%), LED/CP (61%) and LED/HP (88%) groups (p>0.05). No differences were found in enamel Ca/P ratio among treatments, regardless of evaluation times. Conclusions Violet LED alone produced the lowest bleaching effect, but enhanced HP bleaching results. Patients treated with LED/CP reached the same efficacy of HP, with reduced risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity and none of the bleaching protocols adversely affected enamel mineral content.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Phototherapy/methods , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Tooth Bleaching Agents/administration & dosage , Carbamide Peroxide/administration & dosage , Hydrogen Peroxide/administration & dosage , Light , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Colorimetry , Combined Modality Therapy , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dental Enamel/radiation effects , Dentin Sensitivity/chemically induced
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056885

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the color stability of Cention N, Fuji IX GP Extra, and Fuji IX GP after thermocycling. Material and Methods: Ten discs of each material of dimension 10 x 1 mm were prepared using a split mold. The preparations of the specimens were done according to the powder/liquid ratio as recommended by the manufacturers [4.6:1, 3.4:1 and 3.6:1 for the groups I, II, and III, respectively]. After setting, the samples were retrieved, and the thickness of each specimen was measured using a micrometer at five different locations. The specimens with variations in thickness, porosity or cracks were discarded and thus not included in the study. The selected specimens were stored in distilled water for 24 hours prior to testing. The prepared specimens were thermocycled at 5°C and 55°C, with a dwell time of 15 seconds for 250 or 500 cycles. Subsequently, the color parameters of the discs were measured using a spectrophotometer. The data were analyzed using two way ANOVA test, and a p-value <0.001 was considered. Results: Thermocycling resulted in changes in the color of both Glass Ionomer cement and Cention N (p<0.001). Among the materials tested, Cention N showed superior color stability. Conclusion: Cention N exhibited better color stability compared to Glass ionomer cements.


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometry/methods , Dental Materials , Esthetics, Dental , Glass Ionomer Cements , Analysis of Variance , India
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5022, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090060

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effects of oxidative stress on insulin signaling in cardiac tissue of obese mice. Methods Thirty Swiss mice were equally divided (n=10) into three groups: Control Group, Obese Group, and Obese Group Treated with N-acetylcysteine. After obesity and insulin resistance were established, the obese mice were treated with N-acetylcysteine at a dose of 50mg/kg daily for 15 days via oral gavage. Results Higher blood glucose levels and nitrite and carbonyl contents, and lower protein levels of glutathione peroxidase and phosphorylated protein kinase B were observed in the obese group when compared with their respective control. On the other hand, treatment with N-acetylcysteine was effective in reducing blood glucose levels and nitrite and carbonyl contents, and significantly increased protein levels of glutathione peroxidase and phosphorylated protein kinase B compared to the Obese Group. Conclusion Obesity and/or a high-lipid diet may result in oxidative stress and insulin resistance in the heart tissue of obese mice, and the use of N-acetylcysteine as a methodological and therapeutic strategy suggested there is a relation between them.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos do estresse oxidativo sobre a sinalização da insulina em tecido cardíaco de camundongos obesos. Métodos Utilizaram-se 30 camundongos Swiss subdivididos igualmente (n=10) em três grupos: Grupo Controle, Grupo Obeso e Grupo Obeso Tratado com N-acetilcisteína. Após estabelecidas a obesidade e a resistência à insulina, os camundongos obesos foram tratados diariamente, durante 15 dias, via gavagem oral, com N-acetilcisteína na dose de 50mg/kg. Resultados Observaram-se maiores níveis de glicose sanguínea, conteúdos de nitrito e carbonil, e menores níveis proteicos de glutationa peroxidase e proteína quinase B fosforilada no Grupo Obeso quando comparado a seu respectivo controle. Por outro lado, o tratamento com N-acetilcisteína se mostrou eficiente em diminuir os níveis glicêmicos, os conteúdos de nitrito e carbonil, e aumentar significativamente os níveis proteicos de glutationa peroxidase e proteína quinase B fosforilada, quando comparados ao Grupo Obeso. Conclusão Obesidade e/ou dieta hiperlipídica levam a estresse oxidativo e à resistência à insulina no tecido cardíaco de camundongos obesos, e o uso da N-acetilcisteína como estratégia metodológica e terapêutica sugeriu haver relação entre ambos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Mice , Acetylcysteine/pharmacology , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Diet, High-Fat , Myocardium/metabolism , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Weight , Blotting, Western , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Protein Carbonylation , Fluoresceins/analysis
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 561-566, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054858

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Rubeosis faciei diabeticorum is a persistent facial erythema in patients with diabetes mellitus. The actual pathogenesis has not been studied. However, it is speculated to be a cutaneous diabetic microangiopathy. Objective Examine the correlation between the severity of facial erythema and the possible causes of microvascular diabetic complications, namely oxidative stress, hyperglycemia, and cutaneous accumulation of advanced glycation end-products . Methods Patients diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 32) were enrolled in the study. The facial erythema index was measured using the Mexameter MX18; cutaneous accumulation of advanced glycation end-products was estimated by measuring skin auto fluorescence with the AGE Reader (DiagnOptics Technologies B.V. - Groningen, Netherlands). Glycated haemoglobin, total antioxidant status, and malondialdehyde were measured in blood by TBARS assay. The correlation between the selected variables was assessed by Spearman's rank test; p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results There was a statistically significant correlation between total antioxidant status and the facial erythema index (ρ = 0.398, p = 0.024). Malondialdehyde, skin autofluorescence, glycated haemoglobin, body mass index, duration of diabetes, and age did not demonstrate statistically significant correlation with the facial erythema index. Study limitations This is an observational study. Elevation of total antioxidant status could have been caused by several factors that might have also influenced the development of rubeosis faciei, including hyperbilirubinemia and hyperuricemia. Conclusions The results contradicted expectations. Total antioxidant status correlated positively with facial erythema index; however, there was no correlation with oxidative stress and skin autofluorescence. Further investigations should be conducted to reveal the cause of total antioxidant status elevation in patients with rubeosis faciei.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oxidative Stress , Diabetic Angiopathies/metabolism , Erythema/metabolism , Facial Dermatoses/metabolism , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Body Mass Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Diabetic Angiopathies/complications , Erythema/etiology , Facial Dermatoses/etiology , Fluorescence , Malondialdehyde/blood , Antioxidants/analysis
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(1): 52-57, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989428

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated gloss and color changes of esthetic restorative materials subjected to different acidic beverages. Specimens of resin composites (Z350XT (Z350), IPS Empress Direct (ED), Charisma Diamond (CD)) were prepared and the initial surface gloss and color (ΔE) were measured (n=10). Then, the specimens were immersed in 4 mL of each of the different beverages (cranberry juice; Coca-Cola; coffee or artificial saliva) during 15 min, 3x/day for 14 days and new gloss and color readings were obtained. Color change was evaluated with the ΔE formula and gloss change values were obtained by the formula: (final gloss - initial gloss). Data was submitted to two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test (a=0.05). CD showed the lowest color change among resin composites. The highest ΔE values were obtained after immersion in coffee and cranberry juice. Coffee promoted the highest gloss change (worst gloss retention), followed by cranberry juice, Coca-cola and artificial saliva (p<0.05). The type of beverage significantly influenced the gloss of resin composites. Coca-cola reduced gloss of the three resin composites in a similar manner. Coffee affected the ED gloss more than that of Z350 and CD, while cranberry juice affected Z350 more than ED and CD. Saliva had a more pronounced effect on the gloss retention of CD than ED. The beverages used in this study influenced the optical surface properties of the composites studied.


Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar as alterações de brilho e cor de materiais restauradores estéticos submetidos ao armazenamento em diferentes bebidas ácidas. Foram preparados espécimes de compósitos de resina (Z350XT (Z350), IPS Empress Direct (ED), Charisma Diamond (CD) e o brilho e a cor (ΔE) de superfície mensurados (n=10). Em seguida, os espécimes foram imersos em 4 mL de cada uma das diferentes bebidas (suco cranberry, Coca-Cola, café, ou saliva artificial) durante 15 min, 3x/dia durante 14 dias e o brilho e a cor novamente mensurados. A alteração de cor foi avaliada pela fórmula ΔE e os valores de alteração de brilho foram obtidos pela fórmula: (brilho final - brilho inicial). Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA e Tukey (a = 0,05). CD apresentou menor alteração de cor quando comparado aos demais compósitos e maiores valores de ΔE foram obtidos após imersão em suco de café e cranberry. O café promoveu maior perda de brilho, seguido pelo suco cranberry, Coca-cola e saliva artificial (p <0,05). O tipo de bebida influenciou significativamente no brilho dos compósitos resinosos. Coca-cola reduziu o brilho dos três compósitos de maneira similar. O café promoveu maior alteração do brilho do ED, quando comparado ao Z350 e CD, enquanto o suco de cranberry afetou mais o Z350 do que o ED e o CD. A saliva teve efeito mais significativo na perda do brilho do CD do que o ED. As bebidas utilizadas neste estudo influenciaram as propriedades ópticas de superfície dos compósitos.


Subject(s)
Color , Dental Materials , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Spectrophotometry/methods , Surface Properties , Beverages
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL