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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-58, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375761

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tissue factor (TF) expression has been described in various neoplasms and was correlated with angiogenesis and metastases. Objectives: To describe TF expression in colorectal cancers, correlating it with microvessel density and clinical and pathological variables. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to determine TF expression and microvessel density. The Student t-test was used to compare high and low TF expression with microvessel density andwith age. The chi-squared test was used for other comparisons, and Kaplan-Meier curves were used for survival analyses. Results: Forty-three patients were operated with curative intent. Their mean age was 58.1±12.6 years old, and 62.8% were male. The rectum was the most common location (60,4%), and most tumors reached the serosa and peri-intestinal fat (72.1%). Lymph nodes were positive in 46.5%, and 72.1% of the tumors were moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas. Death occurred in 27.6±12.8months in 51.1% of the patients who had recurrence. Tissue factor expression was intense in 88.4%. There was a positive correlation between TF expression and microvessel density (p=0.02), and between TF and older age (p< 0.01). There was no correlation between TF expression and other variables (gender, histological type, penetration into the intestinal wall, and lymphatic and systemic metastases). Tissue factor expression did not correlate with survival. Conclusion: Tissue factor expression correlated with increased microvessel density and older age. Further studies are necessary to ascertain the clinical relevance of TF in colorectal cancer. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectal Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Colonic Neoplasms , Blood Coagulation , Thromboplastin , Microvascular Density , Neovascularization, Pathologic
2.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 55(3): 303-309, jul. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1374053

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar los niveles de fibrinógeno (FBG) obtenidos por el método de Clauss con los obtenidos por el método de fibrinógeno derivado del tiempo de protrombina (FBG PT-d), con dos tromboplastinas, en pacientes anticoagulados con distintas drogas. Se estudiaron pacientes anticoagulados consecutivos: 105 con antagonistas de la vitamina K (AVK), 55 con heparina no fraccionada (HNF), 58 con heparina de bajo peso molecular (HBPM), 60 con rivaroxabán, 45 con apixabán, 60 con dabigatrán y 100 controles normales (CN). El FBG se determinó por el método de Clauss y FBG PT-d utilizando tromboplastina de cerebro de conejo o recombinante humana; los niveles de heparina, rivaroxabán y apixabán por método cromogénico anti Xa; el dabigatrán con el ensayo de tiempo de trombina diluido. Existió un sesgo positivo (p<0,001) al comparar el FBG PT-d vs. FBG por Clauss: CN: 13,7%, AVK: 31,8%, rivaroxabán: 34,8% y apixabán: 20,0% cuando se utilizó tromboplastina de conejo. En el caso de las muestras que contenían HBPM se observó este desvío con ambas tromboplastinas. El sesgo porcentual en presencia de dabigatrán y heparina no fraccionada no fue estadísticamente distinto del obtenido en el grupo control. El ensayo de FBG PT-d no debe utilizarse en pacientes anticoagulados con rivaroxabán, apixabán, HBPM o AVK, ya que sobreestima los niveles de FBG. El porcentaje de sesgo depende del tipo de tromboplastina utilizado y fue mayor con la de cerebro de conejo en el sistema de detección utilizado.


Abstract The aim of this study was to compare fibrinogen (FBG) results obtained by Clauss method (FBG-C) and by the prothrombin time-derived fibrinogen assay (FBG PT-d) with two thromboplastins in patients under anticoagulation. Consecutive anticoagulated patients were studied: 105 vitamin-K antagonist (VKA), 55 unfractioned heparin, 58 LMWH, 60 rivaroxaban, 45 apixaban and 60 dabigatran, and 100 healthy controls (NC). FBG-C was performed by Clauss and FIB PT-d with rabbit brain and human recombinant thromboplastins, respectively. Heparins, rivaroxaban and apixaban levels were measured by antiXa; dabigatran by thrombin diluted assay. A positive bias of FBG PT-d vs. FBG-C with both thromboplastins were seen in NC (13.7 and 19.0 % for HS and RP, respectively), but bias with HS in rivaroxaban, apixaban and VKA patients were significantly higher compared to NC: 34.8%, 20.0 % and 31.8 %, respectively. LMWH presented higher BIAS compared to NC with both thromboplastins. Samples with unfraction heparin and dabigatran presented similar bias to NC. FBG PT-d should not be used in patients under anticoagulant treatment because of an important overestimation of FBG could be obtained in these patients. The percentage of bias depends on the type of thromboplastin used; it was higher with rabbit brain thromboplastin in the detection system used.


Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar os níveis de fibrinogênio (FBG) obtidos pelo método de Clauss com aqueles obtidos pelo método do fibrinogênio derivado do tempo de protrombina (FBG PT-d), com duas tromboplastinas, em pacientes anticoagulados com diferentes drogas. Pacientes anticoagulados consecutivos foram estudados: 105 com antagonista da vitamina K (AVK); 55 com heparina não fracionada (UFH); 58 com heparina de baixo peso molecular (HBPM), 60 com rivaroxabana, 45 com apixabana, 60 com dabigatrana e 100 controles normais (CN). FBG foi determinado pelo método de Clauss e FBG PT-d usando tromboplastina de cérebro de coelho ou tromboplastina humana recombinante; níveis de heparina, rivaroxabana e apixabana pelo método cromogênico anti-Xa; dabigatrana com ensaio de tempo de trombina diluída. Há um viés positivo (p<0,001) ao comparar o FBG PT-d vs FBG de Clauss: CN: 13,7%; AVK: 31,8%, rivaroxabana: 34,8% e apixabana 20,0% quando foi utilizada tromboplastina de coelho. No caso das amostras contendo HBPM, esse desvio foi observado com ambas as tromboplastinas. O viés percentual na presença de dabigatrana e heparina não fracionada não foi estatisticamente diferente daquela obtida no grupo controle. O ensaio de FBG PT-d não deve ser usado em pacientes anticoagulados com rivaroxabana, apixabana, LMWH ou VKA, pois superestima os níveis de FBG. A porcentagem de viés depende do tipo de tromboplastina utilizado e foi maior com a de cérebro de coelho, no sistema de detecção utilizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Fibrinogen/analysis , Prothrombin/administration & dosage , Blood Coagulation , Thromboplastin , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 772-778, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879939

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor is one of the important acquired risk factors of venous thromboembolism (VTE). As the transmembrane receptor of coagulation factor Ⅶ and activated coagulation factor Ⅶa


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms/complications , Risk Factors , Thromboplastin/metabolism , Thrombosis , Venous Thromboembolism/physiopathology
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1273-1282, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058594

ABSTRACT

Background: INR is used to monitor the treatment with vitamin K antagonists. A strategy to reduce waiting times for sampling is to measure INR in a capillary sample using a portable point of care (POC) type coagulometer. Aim: To evaluate the correlation of CoaguChek Pro II™, Xprecia™ and microINR™ with venous INR measured at the clinical laboratory and their ease of use. Materials and Methods: Patients provided capillary and venous blood samples for parallel tests comparing Xprecia™ Stride with CoaguChek Pro II™ and with venous INR, microINR™ with CoaguChek Pro IITM and with venous INR. The devices' ease of use was assessed surveying the sampling staff. Results: The three tested devices had good correlation coefficients with venous INR: CoaguChek Pro IITM 0.953 and 0.962; Xprecia™ of 0.912 and microINR™ of 0.932. The correlation coefficient of Xprecia™ with CoaguChek Pro IITM was 0.937 and microINR™ with CoaguChek Pro IITM was 0.976. Conclusions: CoaguChek Pro IITM, Xprecia™ and microINR™ results had a good correlation coefficient with INR measured at the laboratory. Our results indicate that, in the hands of trained users, POC-type coagulometers are reliable and acceptable for routine use in anticoagulant treatment control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Point-of-Care Systems/standards , International Normalized Ratio/instrumentation , Reference Standards , Capillaries , Thromboplastin/therapeutic use , Chile , Reproducibility of Results , Drug Monitoring/instrumentation , Drug Monitoring/standards , International Normalized Ratio/standards , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
5.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 129-132, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738863

ABSTRACT

Acquired hemophilia is a rare, potentially life-threatening disease that usually remains under-recognized especially in a primary setting; thus, diagnosing this disease is very challenging. Given its prevalence in elderly patients, awareness and diagnosis of this condition in the aging population (particularly those with unexplained bleeding or prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time) should be improved and better managed by the clinicians. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are usually effective in preventing the adverse outcomes of this disease. In this report, we discuss a case of an elderly patient with acquired hemophilia who initially presented with swelling of his lower left limb. The diagnosis of acquired hemophilia was made a month after the appearance of symptoms. Early diagnosis with proper treatment could have been provided to this patient, if the initial assessment had been thoroughly conducted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Aging , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Extremities , Factor VIII , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Prevalence , Thromboplastin
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 539-544, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771923

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the high risk factors possibly leading to hypercoagulative status and thrombosis exist in Thalassemia patients of Guangxi region through detecting plasma tissne factor-bearing microparticles (TFMP), procoagulatima activity, coagulation and anticoagulation function, fibrinolytic function, endothelial function and platelet count.@*METHODS@#The TFMP procoagulation activity was detected by chromogenic saubstract method, the levels of tissue factors (TF), tissue factor pathway inhibitor(TFPI), protein C (PC), protein S (PS), antithrombin Ⅲ(AT-Ⅲ), tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), thrombin-activated fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), soluble E-selectin (sE-sel), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and thrombomodulin (TM) were detected by ELISA in thalassemia group (n=71) and control group (n=20 heathy persons).@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the AT-Ⅲ level decreased in β-thalastemia major group (TM) (P<0.05), the AT-Ⅲ level in TM group independeutly posstiody correlated with plt count (r=0.37, P<0.05); the levels of TF and sICAM in α-thalassenia intermediate group (TA) significantly decteased (P<0.05), the procoagulatim activity of TFMP in β-thalassemia intermediate group (TI) increased sngnificantly (P<0.05), moreover positively corretated with AT-Ⅲ level (r=0.77, P<0.05). The TF and sICAM-1 levels in normal liver functim group of Thalassemia patients were lower tham those in control group (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively), the TFMP activity between normal and abnormal liver function was significantly different (P<0.05), while there were no significant difference in other correspoding indexes beween thalassemia group and control group as well as between each thalassemia groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The damage of liver function and reduction of anticoagylation substances exist in patients with β-thalassenia major in Guangxi region, the procoagulation activity of plasma TFMP in patients with β-thalassemia intermedia abnormally increases. All the above-mentioned factors may increase the risk of high coagulation status or thrombosis is thalassemia patients, the decrease of TF and SICAM-1 levels in patients with α-thalassemia intermedia may be factor against thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticoagulants , Antithrombin III , China , Thalassemia , Thromboplastin , Tissue Plasminogen Activator
7.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 9-12, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prothrombin time (PT) measurement is an important test for screening blood coagulation disorders and monitoring anticoagulant therapy. In this study, we evaluated the analytical performance of HemosIL ReadiPlasTin (Instrumentation Laboratory, USA), a liquid reagent for PT measurement. METHODS: The precision of HemosIL ReadiPlasTin was evaluated according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) EP5-A3 guidelines. Further, comparison with HemosIL RecombiPlasTin 2G (Instrumentation Laboratory, USA) was made according to the CLSI EP9-A3 guidelines. The reference intervals were established according to the CLSI C28-A3 guidelines. RESULTS: The coefficient of variation values for repeatability and total imprecision at two levels of control materials were lower than 1.1% and 3.4%, respectively. The performance of HemosIL ReadiPlasTin was comparable to that of HemosIL RecombiPlasTin 2G, with a high correlation (r=0.996). The reference interval for normal subjects was 10.4–13.3 seconds. CONCLUSIONS: HemosIL ReadiPlasTin showed an acceptable degree of imprecision and its performance showed high correlation with that of a conventional reagent. Therefore, it is expected to be useful for PT measurement in clinical laboratories.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Disorders , Blood Coagulation Tests , Mass Screening , Prothrombin Time , Prothrombin , Thromboplastin
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 67-73, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774357

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of tissue factor (TF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression on peripheral blood CD14 positive monocytes in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The expressions of TF and VEGF on peripheral CD14 monocytes in 41 patients with DLBCL (DLBCL group) before chemotherapy and after 4 chemotherapeutic courses, and in 20 healthy subjects (control group) were detected by flow cytometry respectively, meanwhile, the relationship of the expression of TF and VEGF with international prognostic indexes (IPI) and short-term effects were analysed.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of TF and VEGF on peripheral CD14 monocytes in DLBCL group were significantly higher than those in control group (P0.05), the survival of patients in group with low expression of TF and VEGF was superior to that in group with high expression of TF and VEGF (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The paripheral blood CD14 monocytes in DLBCL patients highly express the TF and VEGF, which relate with IPI, therapeutic efficacy and survival, thus the TF and VEGF expression levels are of reference significance for evaluating the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Monocytes , Prognosis , Thromboplastin , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 626-632, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762098

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the effect of apixaban and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in the prevention and treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after total knee arthroplasty in older adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 220 patients (average age of 67.8±6.4 years) undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomly selected as research subjects and were divided into apixaban and LMWH groups (110 in each group). RESULTS: The incidence of DVT was lower in the apixaban group than in the LMWH group (5.5% vs. 20.0%, p=0.001). Activated partial thromboplastin times (35.2±3.6 sec vs. 33.7±2.2 sec, p=0.010; 37.8±4.6 sec vs. 34.1±3.2 sec, p<0.001; 39.6±5.1 sec vs. 35.7±3.0 sec, p=0.032) and prothrombin times (14.0±1.0 sec vs. 12.8±0.9 sec, p<0.001; 14.5±1.2 sec vs. 13.0±1.1 sec, p<0.001; 15.3±1.4 sec vs. 13.2±1.3 sec, p=0.009) in the apixaban group at 1 week after surgery, 3 weeks after surgery, and the end of treatment were higher than those in the LMWH group. Platelet and fibrinogen levels in the apixaban group were lower than those of the LMWH group. Also, capillary plasma viscosity and erythrocyte aggregation in the apixaban group at 1 week after surgery, 3 weeks after surgery, and the end of treatment were lower than those in the LMWH group. CONCLUSION: Apixaban, which elicits fewer adverse reactions and is safer than LMWH, exhibited better effects in the prevention and treatment of DVT after total knee arthroplasty in older adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Blood Platelets , Capillaries , Erythrocyte Aggregation , Fibrinogen , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Incidence , Plasma , Prothrombin Time , Research Subjects , Thromboplastin , Venous Thrombosis , Viscosity
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 38-44, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892961

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose to determine the usefulness of serum TF as a potential marker for patients with clear cell RCC. Materials and Methods prospective study of 30 patients with clear cell RCC submitted to nephrectomy and 16 controls without clear cell RCC treated surgically for other conditions. TF is a endothelium marker that was correlated with worse prognosis in a variety of solid tumors including RCC. Serum TF was collected before surgery at the operating room and in the postoperative setting after at least four weeks. Serum samples were analyzed with a commercial ELISA kit for human TF (R&D Systems®). Results Mean preoperative serum TF levels in clear cell RCC patients and in controls were 66.8 pg/dL and 28.4 pg/dL, respectively (p<0.001). Mean postoperative serum TF levels in clear cell RCC patients were 26.3 pg/dL. In all patients with clear cell RCC postoperative serum levels of TF were lower, with a mean reduction of 41.6 pg/dL in the postoperative setting (p<0.001). Linear regression revealed that tumor size was correlated with the postoperative reduction of serum TF levels (p=0.037). Conclusions We have shown a 3-fold reduction in the median preoperative serum levels of TF in patients with clear cell RCC after surgery. We have also shown a difference of the same magnitude in the serum levels of TF compared with those of a control group of patients with benign diseases. TF appears to be a useful serum marker for the presence of clear cell RCC. Further studies are needed to validate these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thromboplastin/analysis , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/blood , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Kidney Neoplasms/blood , Case-Control Studies , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy
12.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 124-132, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is designed to measure the current level of depressive symptomatology in the general population. However, no review has examined whether the scale is reliable and valid among children and adolescents in Korea. The purpose of this study was to test whether the Korean form of the CES-D is valid in adolescents. METHODS: Data were obtained from 1,884 adolescents attending grades 1–3 in Korean middle schools. Reliability was evaluated by internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha). Concurrent validity was evaluated by a correlation analysis between the CES-D and other scales. Construct validity was evaluated by exploratory factor and confirmatory factor analyses. RESULTS: The internal consistency coefficient for the entire group was 0.88. The CES-D was positively correlated with scales that measure negative psychological constructs, such as the State Anxiety Inventory for Children, the Korean Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents, and the Reynold Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire, but it was negatively correlated with scales that measure positive psychological constructs, such as the Korean version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale-2. The CES-D was examined by three-dimensional exploratory factor analysis, and the three-factor structure of the scale explained 53.165% of the total variance. The variance explained by factor I was 24.836%, that explained by factor II was 15.988%, and that explained by factor III was 12.341%. The construct validity of the CES-D was tested by confirmatory factor analysis, and we applied the entire group’s data using a three-factor hierarchical model. The fit index showed a level similar to those of other countries’ adolescent samples. CONCLUSION: The CES-D has high internal consistency and addresses psychological constructs similar to those addressed by other scales. The CES-D showed a three-factor structure in an exploratory factor analysis. The present findings suggest that the CES-D is a useful and reliable tool for measuring depression in Korean adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Adolescent Psychiatry , Anxiety , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Fibrinogen , Korea , Prothrombin , Psychometrics , Suicidal Ideation , Thromboplastin , Weights and Measures
13.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 128-134, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788034

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Previous studies have addressed the role of the hypercoagulable state in the pathogenesis of cancer progression and metastasis. In this study, we investigated the association between coagulation factors, including tissue factor (TF) expression, platelet count, and fibrinogen level, and disease recurrence in patients with non-metastatic colorectal cancer.METHODS: Patients who underwent curative resection for stage II or III colorectal cancer between 2000 and 2007 were included in this study. Data from a prospectively maintained database were retrospectively reviewed. TF expression was determined by immunohistochemistry using an anti-TF monoclonal antibody. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate 5-year disease-free survival.RESULTS: TF was highly expressed in 257 of 297 patients (86.5%). TF expression was not significantly associated with the platelet counts (P=0.180) or fibrinogen level (P=0.281). The 5-year disease-free survival rate was lower in patients with high TF expression than in patients with low TF expression (72.3% vs. 83.9%, P=0.074). In Cox hazard analysis, high TF expression was an independent risk factor for tumor recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] 2.446; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.054–5.674; P=0.037). Undifferentiated histologic type (HR, 2.911; 95% CI, 1.308–6.481; P=0.009), venous invasion (HR, 2.784; 95% CI, 1.431–5.417; P=0.003), and lymph node metastasis (HR, 2.497; 95% CI, 1.499–4.158; P < 0.001), were also significantly associated with disease recurrence.CONCLUSION: TF expression is associated with a recurrence in patients with non-metastatic colorectal cancer. However, further studies are required to clarify the underlying mechanisms relating TF expression with oncologic outcomes and its potential role as a therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Factors , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Fibrinogen , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thromboplastin
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(6): e2030, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-976938

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: estudar a expressão do fator tecidual (FT) e sua correlação com o prognostico e sobrevida em pacientes com carcinoma gástrico. Métodos: verificamos a expressão imuno-histoquímica do FT em 50 espécimes de adenocarcinomas gástricos de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico com intenção curativa. A intensidade da sua expressão foi comparada com dados clínicos e patológicos, estadiamento TNM, fatores prognósticos e sobrevida. Resultados: houve expressão do FT em todos os tumores; a intensidade de expressão do FT não foi associada com estágio TNM, variáveis clínicas ou patológicas ou sobrevida geral. Conclusão: este estudo mostra que o FT tem uma expressão elevada em carcinoma gástrico, mas que este não é útil como marcador de prognóstico.


ABSTRACT Objective: to study the expression of the tissue factor (TF) and its correlation with prognosis and survival in patients with gastric carcinoma. Methods: we measured the immunohistochemical expression of TF in 50 specimens of gastric adenocarcinomas from patients submitted to curative surgery. We then compared the intensity of its expression with clinical and pathological data, TNM staging, prognostic factors and survival. Results: all tumors displayed TF expression; the intensity of TF expression was not associated with TNM stage, clinical or pathological variables or general survival. Conclusion: TF has a high expression in gastric carcinoma, but that it is not useful as a prognostic marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Thromboplastin/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 211-216, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841176

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To explore the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) on bleeding and associated outcomes after third molar extraction. Methods Forty patients who had undergone molar extraction were randomly divided into two groups; 0.8% (w/v) HA was applied to the HA group (n=20) whereas a control group (n=20) was not treated. Salivary and gingival tissue factor (TF) levels, bleeding time, maximum interincisal opening (MIO), pain scored on a visual analog scale (VAS), and the swelling extent were compared between the two groups. Results HA did not significantly affect gingival TF levels. Salivary TF levels increased significantly 1 week after HA application but not in the control group. Neither the VAS pain level nor MIO differed significantly between the two groups. The swelling extent on day 3 and the bleeding time were greater in the HA group than in the control group. Conclusions Local injection of HA at 0.8% prolonged the bleeding time, and increased hemorrhage and swelling in the early postoperative period after third molar extractions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Postoperative Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Hyaluronic Acid/adverse effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Molar, Third/surgery , Reference Values , Saliva/chemistry , Time Factors , Tooth Extraction/methods , Wound Healing/drug effects , Bleeding Time , Pain Measurement , Thromboplastin/analysis , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gingiva/chemistry
16.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(10): 635-641, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796907

ABSTRACT

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that requires better understanding since it continues to be a significant health problem in many parts of the world. Leprosy reactions are acute inflammatory episodes regarded as the central etiology of nerve damage in the disease. The activation of endothelium is a relevant phenomenon to be investigated in leprosy reactions. The present study evaluated the expression of endothelial factors in skin lesions and serum samples of leprosy patients. Immunohistochemical analysis of skin samples and serum measurements of VCAM-1, VEGF, tissue factor and thrombomodulin were performed in 77 leprosy patients and 12 controls. We observed significant increase of VCAM-1 circulating levels in non-reactional leprosy (p = 0.0009). The immunostaining of VEGF and tissue factor was higher in endothelium of non-reactional leprosy (p = 0.02 for both) than healthy controls. Patients with type 1 reaction presented increased thrombomodulin serum levels, compared with non-reactional leprosy (p = 0.02). In type 2 reaction, no significant modifications were observed for the endothelial factors investigated. The anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of the endotfhelial factors may play key-roles in the pathogenesis of leprosy and should be enrolled in studies focusing on alternative targets to improve the management of leprosy and its reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Leprosy/metabolism , Skin/pathology , Thrombomodulin/analysis , Thromboplastin/analysis , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Biomarkers/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Leprosy/pathology , Thrombomodulin/metabolism , Thromboplastin/metabolism , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
17.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 19(3): 175-178, jul.-set. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-833158

ABSTRACT

As espécies reativas ao oxigênio (EROS) são produzidas como mecanismo de defesa celular, participando dos processos de cicatrização celular. Entretanto, altos níveis de EROS podem causar danos como a peroxidação lipídica (PL). O presente estudo teve como objetivo, verificar os níveis de PL por meio da determinação das substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico (TBARS) no plasma de ratos com lesão tecidual induzida. Foram utilizados 32 ratos machos, Rattus norvegicus albinus da linhagem Wistar, os quais foram pesados e da média ± 10% do peso foram distribuídos em quatro grupos: A ­ controle negativo; B - Vetaglós®; C ­ hidrogel de poliamido de mandioca+ Vetaglós®; D ­ Hidrogel de poliamido de mandioca. Após 21 dias, todos os animais foram anestesiados com isoflurano e foi feita a coleta de sangue por punção cardíaca, e os plasmas foram obtidos após centrifugação, na sequência por superdosagem do anestésico foi realizada a eutanásia. Os níveis de PL nos plasmas dos ratos foram determinados pelo método do TBARS. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos em relação à PL, indicando um equilíbrio entre as defesas antioxidantes celulares e os níveis de EROS produzidos durante o processo de cicatrização celular. Essa ausência nos diferentes grupos experimentais, em relação à PL, deixa claro a importância de se contemplar estudos de parâmetros de bioindicadores de estresse oxidativo em protocolos experimentais.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced as a cellular defense mechanism, participating in the processes of cellular healing. However, high levels of ROS can cause damages such as lipid peroxidation (LPO). This study aimed to verify the levels of LPO through the determination of reactive substances to thiobarbituric acid (TBARS) in rat plasma with induced tissue injury. A total of 32 Rattus norvegicus albinus Wistar were used, with a mean weight ± 10%. They were divided into four groups: A ­ negative control; B - Vetaglós®; C - Polyamide cassava; D - Polyamide cassava + Vetaglós®. After 21 days, all animals were anesthetized with isoflurane and blood was collected by cardiac puncture. Plasma was obtained after centrifugation. Euthanasia was performed with administration of an overdose of inhalational anesthetic previously used. The LPO levels in rat plasma were determined using the TBARS method. There was no significant difference between the groups in relation to LPO, indicating a balance between antioxidant defenses and cellular levels of ROS produced during the cellular healing process. This absence in the different experimental groups in relation to LPO emphasizes the importance of further studies related to the bio-indicator parameters for oxidative stress in experimental protocols.


Las especies reactivas al oxígeno (EROS) se producen como mecanismo de defensa celular, que participan en los procesos de curación celulares. Sin embargo, los altos niveles de EROS pueden causar daños como la peroxidación lipídica (PL). Este estudio tuvo como objetivo verificar los niveles de peroxidación lipídica por sustancias reactivas al ácido tiobarbitúrico (TBARS) en el plasma de ratas con lesión tisular inducida. Se han utilizado 32 ratas machos, Rattus norvegicus albinus de linaje Wistar, que se pesaron y la media ± 10% en peso, y se dividieron en cuatro grupos: A ­ control negativo; B - Vetaglós®; C ­ hidrogel de poliamida de yuca + Vetaglós®; D ­ Hidrogel de poliamida de yuca. Después de 21 días, todos los animales fueron anestesiados con isoflurano y se hizo la extracción de sangre por punción cardiaca, y se obtuvieron los plasmas después de la centrifugación, enseguida con sobredosis de anestésico se realizó la eutanasia. Los niveles de PL en los plasmas de las ratas se determinaron por el método de TBARS. No hubo diferencia significativa entre los grupos en relación a la peroxidación lipídica, lo que indica un equilibrio entre las defensas antioxidantes celulares y los niveles de EROS producidos durante el proceso de curación celular. Esa ausencia en los diferentes grupos experimentales, en relación a la PL, pone de manifiesto la importancia de contemplarse estudios de parámetros de bioindicadores de estrés oxidativo en los protocolos experimentales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hydrogels/analysis , Lipid Peroxidation , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Thromboplastin/administration & dosage
18.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 172-175, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235755

ABSTRACT

Progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI) can be divided into coagulopathy-related PHI and normal coagu- lation PHI. Coagulation disorders after traumatic brain injuries can be included in trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC). Some studies showed that TIC is associated with PHI and increases the rates of disability and mortality. In this review, we discussed some mechanisms in TIC, which is of great importance in the development of PHI, including tissue factor (TF) hypothesis, protein C pathway and thrombocytopenia. The main mechanism in the relation of TIC to PHI is hypocoagulability. We also reviewed some coagulopathy parameters and proposed some possible risk factors, predictors and therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Epidemiology , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Incidence , Protein C , Physiology , Risk Factors , Thromboplastin , Physiology
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 773-780, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179850

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aberrant DNA methylation has a specific role in field cancerization. Certain molecular markers, including secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2), tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2), N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 4 (NDRG4) and bone morphogenic protein 3 (BMP3), have previously been shown to be hypermethylated in colorectal cancer (CRC). We aim to examine field cancerization in CRC based on the presence of aberrant DNA methylation in normal-appearing tissue from CRC patients. METHODS: We investigated promoter methylation in 34 CRC patients and five individuals with normal colonoscopy results. CRC patients were divided into three tissue groups: tumor tissue, adjacent and nonadjacent normal-appearing tissue. The methylation status (positive: methylation level >20%) of SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4, and BMP3 promoters was investigated using methylation-specific PCR. RESULTS: The methylation frequencies of the SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4 and BMP3 promoters in tumor/adjacent/nonadjacent normal-appearing tissue were 79.4%/63.0%/70.4%, 82.4%/53.6%/60.7%, 76.5%/61.5%/69.2%, 41.2%/35.7%/50.0%, respectively. The methylation levels of the SFRP,TFPI2, NDRG4 and BMP3 promoters in tumor tissues were significantly higher than those in normal-appearing tissue (SFRP2, p=0.013; TFPI2, p<0.001; NDRG4, p=0.003; BMP3, p=0.001). No significant correlation was observed between the methylation levels of the promoters and the clinicopathological variables. CONCLUSIONS: The field effect is present in CRC and affects both the adjacent and nonadjacent normal-appearing mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA Methylation , Epigenomics , Methylation , Mucous Membrane , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thromboplastin
20.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 309-315, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89525

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the effects of total parenteral nutrition (PN) using different lipid emulsions in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: Fifty-two patients were randomized to receive soybean oil + medium chain triglycerides (MCT) (group I), soybean oil + olive oil (group II), soybean oil + olive oil + fish oil (group III) as a lipid source. PN was started on postoperative day 1 and patients were maintained on PN for a minimum period of 4 days. Laboratory variables (CRP, prealbumin, transferrin) were measured before surgery and on postoperative days. RESULTS: Three treatment groups were included in the study. Patients in group I received long chain triglycerides (LCT) + LCT/MCT emulsion (%75 LCT + %25 LCT/MCT); Patients in group II received olive oil based emulsion (80% olive oil + 20% soybean oil, ClinOleic); Patients in group III received fish oil in addition to olive oil based emulsion (%85 ClinOleic + %15 Omegaven; Fresenius Kabi). The following 14 parameters were assessed: body weight, CRP, prealbumin, transferrin, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, total antioxidant status, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, oxidized low density lipoprotein-2, complete blood cell, international normalized ratio, D-dimer, activated partially thromboplastin time, prothrombin time. All other parameters showed no differences among the groups. CONCLUSION: The results of our trial demonstrate a potential beneficial effect of soybean oil/olive oil based lipid emulsions for use in PN regarding inflammatory response and oxidant capacity in the treatment of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Cells , Body Weight , Emulsions , Fish Oils , Interleukin-6 , International Normalized Ratio , Necrosis , Olive Oil , Parenteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Prealbumin , Prothrombin Time , Soybean Oil , Glycine max , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances , Thromboplastin , Transferrin , Triglycerides
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