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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888069

ABSTRACT

Sanguinarine is the main active component of the Papaver plants, and protopine-6-hydroxylase(P6 H), involved in the sanguinarine biosynthetic pathway, can oxidize protopine to 6-hydroxyprotopine. The investigation on the diversity of P6 H genes in the medicinal Papaver plants contributes to the acquirement of P6 H with high activity to increase the biosynthesis of sanguinarine. Five P6 H genes in P. somniferum, P. orientale, and P. rhoeas were discovered based on the re-sequencing data of the Papaver species, followed by bioinformatics analysis. With the elongation factor 1α(EF-1α), which exhibits stable expression in the root and stem, as the internal reference gene, the transcription levels of P6H genes in roots and stems of the Papaver plants were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. As indicated by the re-sequencing results, there were two genotypes of P6H in P. somniferum and P. orientale, respectively, and only one in P. rhoeas. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the P6 H proteins of the three Papaver plants contained the conserved domain cl12078, which is the characteristic of p450 supergene family, and transmembrane regions. The existence of signal peptide remained verification. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR results revealed that the transcription level of P6 H in roots of P. somniferum was about 1.44 times of that in stems(α=0.05). The present study confirmed genetic diversity of P6 H in the three medicinal Papaver plants, which lays a basis for the research on the biosynthesis pathway and mechanism of sanguinarine in Papaver species.


Subject(s)
Benzophenanthridines , Berberine Alkaloids , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Genetic Variation , Papaver/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888002

ABSTRACT

According to the records of Chinese materia medica,Coptis chinensis var. brevisepala is an authentic Chinese medicinal plant highly recommended by ancient physicians since its rhizome is like a string of beads and has a good medicinal value. However,its medicinal components and values remain to be studied as it is endangered because of overexploitation. Therefore,this study aims to quantitatively determine its effective components based on UPLC-QTOF-MS,and to compare the contents of isoquinoline alkaloids in C.chinensis var. brevisepala with those in other Coptis species. Meanwhile,molecular methods accurately identified 12 batches of C. chinensis var. brevisepala,9 batches of C. chinensis,4 batches of C. deltoidea,and 1 batch of C. teeta. Gradient elution was performed with Waters CORTECS C18 column( 4. 6 mm× 150 mm,2. 7 μm) and the mobile phase acetonitrile-water with 0. 4% formic acid. Mass spectrometry was conducted in ESI positive mode. The quantitative results showed that 8 main alkaloids had a good linear relationship within the concentration range( R~2>0. 996),with the recovery rate of 95. 18%-105. 0% and the RSD of 0. 28%-3. 7%. Compared with that of other Coptis species,the rhizome of C. chinensis var. brevisepala had the highest contents of berberine and columbamine. The total content of the 8 alkaloids in C. chinensis var. brevisepala was similar to that in C. chinensis but higher than that of the other two species. PCA was performed to compare the alkaloids among the 4 species. Besides,the 8 alkaloids were evaluated in different parts of C. chinensis var. brevisepala. The results indicate that this method is reliable and efficient and can provide a reference for the quality research.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Berberine Alkaloids , China , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Plants, Medicinal
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888001

ABSTRACT

Coptidis Rhizoma is a common Chinese medicinal in clinical practice,with the effects of clearing heat,drying dampness,purging fire,and removing toxin. All the medicinal plants of Coptis can be used for clinical treatment,but some species are endangered due to resource destruction and difficulty in planting. The dominant medicinal components in Coptidis Rhizoma are isoquinoline alkaloids. There are various methods for the analysis and detection of alkaloids,such as LC-MS,HPLC,and TLC,among which LC-MS is the most widely applied. Different plants of Coptis vary in the kind and content of alkaloids. C. chinensis,C. deltoidea,C. teeta,C. chinensis var. brevisepala,C. omeiensis,C. quinquefolia,and C. quinquesecta mainly contain berberine,palmatine,coptisine,jatrorrhizine,and columbamine,five effective alkaloid components. Plant isoquinoline alkaloids( PIAs) have strong pharmacological activity but are difficult to prepare. The application of synthetic biology of PIAs will be helpful for the clinical application of PIAs. This paper reviews the research progress on biological resources of Coptis species and structures of alkaloids as well as analysis methods and synthetic biology for isoquinoline alkaloids in the medicinal plants of Coptis in recent years,which will facilitate the protection of Coptis medicinal resources and the application and development of alkaloids.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Isoquinolines , Rhizome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878850

ABSTRACT

Protoberberine alkaloids belong to the quaternary ammonium isoquinoline alkaloids, and are the main active ingredients in traditional Chinese herbal medicines, like Coptis chinensis. They have been widely used to treat such diseases as gastroenteritis, intestinal infections, and conjunctivitis. Studies have shown that structural modification of the protoberberine alkaloids could produce derivative compounds with new pharmacological effects and biological activities, but the transformation mechanism is not clear yet. This article mainly summarizes the researches on the biotransformation and structure modification of protoberberine alkaloids mainly based on berberine, so as to provide background basis and new ideas for studies relating to the mechanism of protoberberine alkaloids and the pharmacological activity and application of new compounds.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Biotransformation , Coptis
5.
Biol. Res ; 53: 39, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a representative prediabetes characterized by defective glucose homeostasis, and palmatine (PAL) is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid with multiple pharmacological effects. Our study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of PAL on the impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish an IGT model with high fat diet (HFD). Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and further biochemical analysis were conducted to determine the effect of PAL on glucose intolerance in vivo. Molecular details were clarified in a cellular model of IGT induced by Palmitate (PA) on INS-1 cells. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated a relief of IGT with improved insulin resistance in HFD induced rats after PAL treatment. Besides, promoted pancreas islets function was validated with significantly increased ß cell mass after the treatment of PAL. We further found out that PAL could alleviate the ß cell apoptosis that accounts for ß cell mass loss in IGT model. Moreover, MAPK signaling was investigated in vivo and vitro with the discovery that PAL regulated the MAPK signaling by restricting the ERK and JNK cascades. The insulin secretion assay indicated that PAL significantly promoted the defective insulin secretion in PA-induced INS-1 cells via JNK rather than ERK signaling. Furthermore, PAL treatment was determined to significantly suppress ß cell apoptosis in PA-induced cells. We thus thought that PAL promoted the PA-induced impaired insulin release by inhibiting the ß; cell apoptosis and JNK signaling in vitro. CONCLUSION: In summary, PAL ameliorates HFD-induced IGT with novel mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Berberine Alkaloids/pharmacology , Insulin Resistance , Glucose Intolerance/drug therapy , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Blood Glucose , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Insulin
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775403

ABSTRACT

In order to analyze the law of membrane permeation of different alkaloids, seven traditional Chinese medicine alkaloids with different parent nucleus and substituent structures, including berberine, palmatine, sinomenine, matrine, oxymatrine, sophoridine, and tetrandrine, were prepared into the simulated solution with same molar concentration, and the membrane penetrating experiments with membrane RC1K and membrane RC5K were carried out. The dynamic transmittance, the total transmittance and the total adsorption rate of each substance were measured, and the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the membrane surface before and after the membrane experiment were considered to predict and analyze the reason of differences in dynamic transmittance of different alkaloids. The results showed that there were significant differences in the dynamic transmittance of the chemical constituents of different alkaloids during penetrating the two membranes. The contamination degree on the surface of the membrane material was also different. The transmittance of the same compound through the RC5K membrane was larger than that through RC1K membrane. Within a certain range, the smaller the pore size of the membrane, the better the selective screening effect on the chemical constituents of traditional Chinese medicine. All the membrane surfaces were less polluted. The difference in transmittance between different substances on the same membrane showed a positive correlation with the difference in structural complexity, providing an experimental basis for the surface modification design in contamination control of membrane materials. In the design of membrane modified material, the surface properties of the membrane can be improved by grafting different polar groups, thereby changing the adsorption characteristics of the membrane surface. The pore size was designed accordingly to achieve the high transmittance and low pollution of the corresponding compounds.


Subject(s)
Berberine Alkaloids , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Permeability
7.
AJMB-Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. 2017; 9 (1): 2-7
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185805

ABSTRACT

Background: Related Multidrug Resistance [MDR] to efflux pumps is a significant problem in treating infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa [P. aeruginosa]. Plant compounds have been identified as Pump Inhibitors [EPIs]. In the current study, the potential effect of Berberine and Palmatine as EPIs were investigated on efflux pump inhibition through focusing on different gene patterns in P. aeruginosa isolated from burn infections


Methods: All isolates were collected and identified using the standard biochemical tests. Antimicrobial sensitivity was performed based on disk agar diffusion method for 12 antibiotics. MIC-MBC tests were also performed based on the broth microdilution method to detect synergistic relationship between ciprofloxacin, Berberine and Palmatine. Detection of mexA, mexB, mexC, mexD, mexE, mexF and mexX was conducted by PCR assay. Fisher's Exact test and Logistic Regression were used as statistical tools


Results: A total of 60 P. aeruginosa isolates were collected. The highest and lowest levels of resistance were found to be respectively against clindamycin and tigecycline. Comparing the MIC with MBC distribution, it was found that Berberine and Palmatine lower the MIC-MBC level of ciprofloxacin. The PCR results indicated that the highest frequency is about MexAB-OprM operon. The statistical analysis among different gene patterns of efflux pumps showed that there were no significant relationships between the effectiveness of Berberine and Palmatine [p>0.05]


Conclusion: It can be speculated that Berberine and Palmatine both act as EPIs and can be used as auxiliary treatments with the purpose of increasing the effect of available antibiotics as well as decreasing the emergence of MDR bacteria. The efficiency of these combinations should be studied further under in vivo conditions to have a more comprehensive conclusion regarding this issue


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics , Genes, MDR/drug effects , Berberine/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Berberine Alkaloids , Iran
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812557

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to construct the structurally diverse library of tetrahydroprotoberberines (THPBs) by combining the methods of chemical nonselective demethylation and microbial glycosylation. HPLC-MS/MS analyses tentatively identified 12 de-methylated and 9 glycosylated derivates of THPBs and 5 rarely oxidized glycosides of THPBs in the library. Through this effort, we achieved not only a variety of the THPBs and their glycosides but also tested the catalytic characteristics and capabilities of G. deliquescens NRRL 1086.


Subject(s)
Berberine Alkaloids , Chemistry , Metabolism , Biotransformation , Catalysis , Gliocladium , Metabolism , Glycosides , Chemistry , Metabolism , Glycosylation , Molecular Structure
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351259

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of oligochitosan in promoting intestinal absorption of protoberberine alkaloids in extracts from Corydalis saxicola total alkaloids.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The in vitro single-pass intestinal perfusion model in rats was established to study the changes in absorption kinetic parameters of dehydrocavidine, berberine hydrochloride and palmatine chloride in C. saxicola total alkaloids after the addition of different concentrations oligochitosan and evaluate the effect of oligochitosan in promoting intestinal absorption of the drugs.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The concentration of oligochitosan had different effects on the absorption rate constant (Ka) and apparent permeability coefficient (Peff) of the three active component in rat intestines. Ka and Peff in 0.5% oligochitosan group significantly increased, indicating a stronger effect in promoting the absorption.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oligochitosan has a certain effect in promoting the intestinal absorptions of protoberberine alkaloids in C. saxicola total alkaloids.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine Alkaloids , Pharmacokinetics , Chitin , Corydalis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the protective effect of active fractions of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HJD) on primary cortical neuron injury after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)/reperfusion (R) injury. Methods Using macroporous resin method, HJDFE30, HJDFE50, HJDFE75, and HJDFE95 with 30%, 50%, 75%, and 95% alcohol were respectively prepared. Then the content of active components in different HJD fractions was determined with reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The OGD/R injury model was induced by sodium dithionite on primary cortical neurons in neonate rats. MTT assay was used to observe the effect of four fractions (HJDFE30, HJDFE50, HJDFE75, and HJDFE95) and seven index components of HJD on the neuron viability.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RP-HPLC showed active component(s) contained in HJDFE30 was geniposide; baicalin, palmatine, berberine, and wogonside contained in HJDFE50; baicalin, berberine, baicalein, and wogonin contained in HJDFE75. The neuron viability was decreased after OGD for 20 min and reperfusion for 1 h, (P <0. 01), and significantly increased after administered with HJD, HJDFE30, HJDFE50, and HJDFE75 (P <0. 05, P <0. 01). Geniposide, baicalin, baicalein, palmatine, wogonside, and wogonin could increase the cortical neuron viability (P <0. 05, P <0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HJDFE30, HJDFE50, and HJDFE75, as active fractions of HJD, had protective effect on primary cortical neuron injury after OGD/R. Furthermore, geniposide, baicalin, and baicalein were main active components of HJD.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Flavanones , Flavonoids , Glucose , Metabolism , Iridoids , Models, Animal , Neurons , Oxygen , Metabolism , Rats , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310838

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether I-tetrahydropalmatine (I-THP), an alkaloid mainly present in Corydalis family, could ameliorate early vascular inflammatory responses in atherosclerotic processes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fluorescently labeled monocytes were co-incubated with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), which were pretreated with I-THP and then simulated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in absence of I-THP to determine if I-THP could reduce thecytokine-induced adhesion of monocytes to HUVECs. Then I-THP were further studied the underlying mechanisms through observing the transcriptional and translational level of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor (NF)-κ B in HUVECs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>L-THP could block TNF-α-induced adhesion of monocytes to HUVECs and could significantly inhibited the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on cell surface by 31% and 36% at 30 μ mol/L. L-THP pretreatment could also markedly reduce transcriptional and translational level of VCAM-1 as well as mildly reduce the total protein and mRNA expression levels of ICAM-1. Furthermore, I-THP attenuated TNF-α-stimulated NF-κ B nuclear translocation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results provide evidences supporting that I-THP could be a promising compound in the prevention and treatment of the early vascular inflammatory reaction in atherosclerosis by inhibiting monocyte adhesion to vascular endothelial cell through downregulating ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in vascular endothelial cell based on suppressing NF-κ B.</p>


Subject(s)
Berberine Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Down-Regulation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Protein Transport , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812252

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To investigate the cytotoxic effects of the six protoberberine alkaloids (PAs) from Rhizoma Coptidis on HepG2 cells.@*METHOD@#A systematic screening was conducted to investigate the dynamic response of HepG2 cells to the PAs using the impedance-based xCELLigence system. Cisplatin was selected as the positive control. The real time, concentration-response curves and the 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) were acquired to evaluate the anticancer activity of the PAs.@*RESULTS@#All of the six PAs inhibited cell growth and induce death in HepG2 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The IC50 values of cisplatin, berberine, columbamine, coptisine, epiberberine, jatrorrhizine, and palmatine were 5.13, 42.33, 226.54, 36.90, 302.72, 383.54, and 456.96 μg·mL(-1), respectively. The results obtained using the xCELLigence system corresponded well with those of the conventional methods.@*CONCLUSION@#The xCELLigence system is a reliable and efficient tool for real-time screening of the cytotoxic effect of compounds in cell-based in vitro assays. Coptisine and berberine, with methylenedioxy group at C2 and C3 on the phenyl ring showed stronger effect.than the other four PAs. However, compared with cisplatin, the six PAs didn't show obvious cytotoxic effect on HepG2 cells. These results provided some useful data for the evaluation of the anticancer compounds, and the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Berberine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Berberine Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cell Death , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Coptis , Chemistry , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Electric Impedance , Hep G2 Cells , Hepatoblastoma , Drug Therapy , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy , Rhizome , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300165

ABSTRACT

For the establishment of chemical library of protoberberines provided for the bio-activity screening, the target compounds were synthesized by thermal degradation and nucleophilic substitution reactions with the bio-active alkaloid, palmatine (1), as the raw material, and their structures were identified and conformed by 1H-NMR and MS spectra. Among them, 13 compounds were new.


Subject(s)
Berberine Alkaloids , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244571

ABSTRACT

Isolated alkaloids from Coptis chinensis Franch. The compounds were identified as berberine, columbamine, groenlandicine, jatrorrhizine, magnoflorine, corydaldine and ferulic acid methylester. Then measured their bitter degree based on the electronic tongue and evaluated the antibacterial. The results based on the Electronic Tongue showed that berberine, columbamine, groenlandicine and jatrorrhizine have higher bitter degree than magnoflorine and corydaldine. And they also appeared better antibacterial activity on E. coli and S. aureus. The correlation coefficients between bitter degree and the two bacteria antibacterial activity were 0.983 and 0.911. So there was close relationship between the bitter degree and antibacterial activity of bitter components. Thus, it is confirmed further that bitter components are the material foundation of medicinal effectiveness of bitter herbs.


Subject(s)
Aporphines , Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Biomedical Research , Methods , Coptis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Electronics , Methods , Escherichia coli , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Staphylococcus aureus , Taste
15.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013; 26 (5): 1023-1025
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-138425

ABSTRACT

Berberine and palmatine are two of the main bioactive components in Huangbai, a major Chinese medicinal herb. The current methods to extract these compounds usually involving the usage of inorganic acid and base, are not only complex and time-consuming, but have a low selectivity. In this paper, it was reported that hexane, ethyl acetate and dichloromethane were tested to extract berberine and palmatine from Huangbai powder. The results showed that dichloromethane extracted selectively and effectively berberine and palmatine from Huangbai powder among the examined solvents. In addition, dichloromethane can be recycled and reused, making it a potential candidate for large scale extraction of berberine and palmatine from Huangbai


Subject(s)
Neuroprotective Agents/chemistry , Berberine Alkaloids/analysis , Chemical Fractionation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hexanes/chemistry , Methylene Chloride/chemistry , Powders , Solvents/chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319677

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study and compare the effect of Corydalis yanhusuo and L-THP on dopamine neurotransmitter and D2 receptor of reward circuitry in various cerebral areas of conditioned place preference model rats and the comparison of their effects.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The CPP model was established by injecting morphine in rats with increasing doses for 10 days. The initial dose of 10 mg x kg(-1), and the final dose of 100 mg x kg(-1), with 10 mg x kg(-1) increased each day. At 48 h after the final training, CPP was adopted to detect the successful establishment of the model. On the same day (12 d), they were orally administered with 2, 1, 0.5 g x kg(-1) C. yanhusuo (containing 0.153, 0.077 and 0.038 mg L-THP) and L-THP (3.76, 1.88, 0.94 mg x kg(-1)) for six days. On 18 d, CPP test was performed again. Next day, HPLC was adopted to determine the content of dopamine neurotransmitters of reward circuitry in VTA-NAc-PFC; Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were adopted to detect the expression of D2 receptors.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the physiological saline treatment group, C. yanhusuo (2, 1 g x kg(-1)) and L-THP (3.76, 1.88 mg x kg(-1)) groups showed that rats stayed in a notably shorter period in white boxes (morphine-accompanied boxes) (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), and revealed a remarkably lower dopamine content in VTA, NAc and PFC and the significant increase in the expression of D2 receptor (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The down-regulation of the increased dopamine content in reward nervous circuitry and the up-regulation of the expression of D2 receptor may be one of mechanisms of C. yanhusuo and L-THP in accelerating the recession of morphine's CPP effect Regarding the inhibition of morphine's CPP effect and the effect on dopamine system, the effect of C. yanhusuo traditional Chinese medicine containing one-fold L-THP monomer is equal to that of the independent application of around 24-fold L-THP monomer.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine Alkaloids , Brain , Metabolism , Conditioning, Operant , Corydalis , Chemistry , Dopamine , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Morphine , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Dopamine D2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Substance-Related Disorders , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Psychology
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1807-1811, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298007

ABSTRACT

How to identify active constituents of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) and study their interactions are key problems in the development of TCMs. The inhibitory effect of six alkaloids from Rhizoma Coptidis (RC) on Shigella dysenteriae (S. dysenteria) growth had been investigated by microcalorimetry in this study. Main active constituents of RC were confirmed by comparing their contributions to the bacteriostatic effect, and the interactions among active constituents were further researched. According to the result, in 0.8 mg-mL-1 extract of RC, the contributions of six active alkaloids including berberine, coptisine, epiberberine, palmatine and the combination of jatrorrhizine and columbamine were 52.83%, 36.31%, 2.49%, 4.27% and 3.21%, respectively. Therefore, berberine and coptisine were the main active constituents of RC that inhibited the growth of S. dysenteria. The study of interactions among the six alkaloids indicated that, 1 there were some contstituents antagonizing the inhibitory effect of RC, 2 there was a synergy effect between berberine and coptisine, 3 there were additive effects between other four alkaloids and the main active constituents. These results may provide some useful references for the establishment of the quality standard for RC and the development of multi-component TCMs.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Berberine , Pharmacology , Berberine Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Coptis , Chemistry , Drug Interactions , Drug Synergism , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Shigella dysenteriae
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315037

ABSTRACT

To evaluate in vitro release and transdermal behaviors of Zhitong cataplasm, modified Franz diffusion cell method was applied to investigate in vitro transdermal absorption of Zhitong cataplasm and the content of tetrahydropalmatine was determined by HPLC. In 24 hours, accumulative release rate of tetrahydropalmatine was 81. 9%, transmission rate was 2.26 microg x cm(-2) x h(-1). In 48 hours, accumulative transdermal rate and transmission rate of tetrahydropalmatine were 20.31%, 0.22 pg x cm(-2) x h(-1). So Zhitong cataplasm had a good release and transdermal properties and transdermal actions were consistent with zero-order kinetics process.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Animals , Berberine Alkaloids , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Male , Mice , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Skin , Metabolism , Skin Absorption
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346863

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the biotransformation by human intestinal flora, and the absorption and transportation characteristic in a model of human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines (Caco-2 cell) monolayer of d-corydaline (CDL) and tetrahydropalmatine (THP).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>CDL or THP was incubated with crude enzymes of human intestinal flora under the anaerobic environment and 37 degrees C conditions to transform CDL or THP. Caco-2 cell monolayer was used as an intestinal epithelial cell model for determination of the permeability of CDL or THP from apical side (AP side) to basolateral side (BL side) or from BL side to AP side. Transportation parameters and permeability coefficients (P(app)) were then calculated, and P(app) values were compared with the reported values for model compounds, propranolol as a well absorbed drug and atenolol as a poor absorbed drug. The concentration of CDL or THP was measured by HPLC coupled with photodiode array detector.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>CDL or THP in the human intestinal flora incubation system did not happen biotransformation. In the Caco-2 cell monolayer model, the P(app) magnitudes of both CDL and THP were 1 x 10(-5) cm x s(-1) in the bi-directional transport, which were identical with propranolol. And their transports were concentration dependent between 0-180 min.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both CDL and THP may be stable in the human intestinal flora incubation system, and their absorption and transportation in the human Caco-2 cell monolayer model are mainly via passive diffusion mechanism.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Metabolism , Berberine Alkaloids , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Biological Transport , Biotransformation , Caco-2 Cells , Corydalis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Metabolism , Microbiology , Models, Biological
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346805

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the metabolism of berberine and palmatine in prescription compatibility of Wuji Wan in human intestinal flora.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The L9 (3(4)) orthogonal design was adopted to compare prescription compatibility of nine groups of Wuji Wan composed of Coptis chinensis, Evodiae and fried Radix paeoniae alba into and single ingredient of C. chinensis. They were cultivated with fresh human excrements under anaerobic conditions for 24 h. A HPLC-UV method was adopted for determining berberine and palmatine in bacteria culture medium, in order to compare the metabolism of the two components in different prescription compatibility.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Metabolism of berberine was positively correlated with doses, whereas metabolism of palmatine was negatively correlated with doses in extracts from C. chinensis. Compound compatibility speeded up the metabolism of berberine in low dose, which was positively related to the doses of Evodiae and fried Paeoniae Alba Radix; meanwhile Compound compatibility slowed down the metabolism of berberine in high dose, which was negatively related to the dose of Evodiae. Compound compatibility speeded up the metabolism of palmatine in high dose, which was negatively related to the doses of Evodiae and fried Paeoniae Alba Radix.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The metabolism of the compatibility of Wuji Wan speeds up, when Coptis chinensis components metabolite rapidly in intestinal flora; while the metabolism of the compatibility of Wuji Wan slows down, when C. chinensis components metabolite slowly in intestinal flora. Therefore, they show a balanced effect. Additionally, different proportion of C. chinensis, Evodiae and fried Paeoniae Alba Radix cause difference in metabolism speed of berberine and palmatine to some extent.</p>


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Bacteria , Metabolism , Berberine , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Berberine Alkaloids , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coptis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Evodia , Chemistry , Feces , Microbiology , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Metabolism , Microbiology , Paeonia , Chemistry , Time Factors
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