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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 40-45, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528826

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Angiogenesis, a process by which new blood vessels are generated from pre-existing ones, is significantly compromised in tumor development, given that due to the nutritional need of tumor cells, pro-angiogenic signals will be generated to promote this process and thus receive the oxygen and nutrients necessary for its development, in addition to being a key escape route for tumor spread. Although there is currently an increase in the number of studies of various anti-angiogenic therapies that help reduce tumor progression, it is necessary to conduct a review of existing studies of therapeutic alternatives to demonstrate their importance.


La angiogénesis, proceso por el cual se generan nuevos vasos sanguíneos a partir de otros preexistentes, se encuentra comprometida de forma importante en el desarrollo tumoral, dado que por necesidad nutritiva de las células tumorales se generarán señales pro angiogénicas para promover este proceso y así recibir el oxígeno y los nutrientes necesarios para su desarrollo, además de ser una ruta de escape clave para la diseminación tumoral. Si bien, actualmente existe un aumento en la cantidad de estudios de diversas terapias anti angiogénicas que ayudan a reducir el avance tumoral, es necesario realizar una revisión de los estudios existentes de alternativas terapéuticas para demostrar su importancia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Celecoxib/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(2): 420-424, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385609

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La angiogénesis es el proceso de formación de vasos sanguíneos a partir de otros formados previamente. Existen varios factores que están involucrados en el proceso, así como agentes capaces de modular distintas etapas de esta. Si bien, se ha observado que Celecoxib es capaz de inhibir la angiogénesis en distintos modelos, aún no se ha observado la potencial capacidad antiangiogénica de este agente cuando es microencapsulado en PLGA. Se incubaron huevos fertilizados y a las 48 horas se dividieron en 4 grupos para ser instilados con PBS (control), PLGA, Celecoxib 1000 ppm o Celecoxib 1000 ppm + PLGA. Se realizó un conteo de los vasos sanguíneos a las 48, 72 y 96 horas post aplicación de la solución a estudiar. Los resultados muestran que tanto Celecoxib como Celecoxib+PLGA reducen los vasos sanguíneos, manteniendo el mismo efecto a las 48, 72 y 96 horas y no existen diferencias significativas entre los dos tratamientos. Esto podría ser explicado por la concentración de Celecoxib usada o el margen de tiempo analizado, pudiendo encontrarse diferencias posteriores a este rango de tiempo o con concentraciones distintas.


SUMMARY: Angiogenesis is the process of blood vessel formation from previously formed ones. There are several factors involved in the process, as well as agents capable of modulating different stages of it. Although, it has been observed that Celecoxib is capable of inhibiting angiogenesis in different models, the potential antiangiogenic capacity of this agent has not yet been observed when it is microencapsulated in PLGA. Fertilized eggs were incubated and at 48 hours they were divided into 4 groups to be instilled with PBS (control), PLGA, Celecoxib 1000ppm or Celecoxib 1000 ppm + PLGA. A blood vessel count was performed at 48, 72 and 96 hours after application of the solution to be studied. The results show that both Celecoxib and Celecoxib + PLGA reduce blood vessels, maintaining the same effect at 48, 72 and 96 hours and there are no significant differences between the two treatments. This could be explained by the concentration of Celecoxib used or the time frame analyzed, being able to find differences after this time range or with different concentrations.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Celecoxib/pharmacology , Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer/chemistry , Capsules
4.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 53: 8-13, Sep.2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444447

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Osteoarthritis (OA) is a form of arthritis due to degradation of articular cartilage. OA is asso ciated with stiffness, joint pain, and dysfunction, affecting adults worldwide. Galangin is a bioactive fla vonoid that exerts several therapeutic and biological activities. Anti-hyperglycemic, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-apoptotic activities of galangin have been reported in several studies. In the present study, rats were divided into normal control, OA (control), galangin 10 mg/kg (low-dose), galangin 100 mg/kg (high-dose), and celecoxib 30 mg/kg (positive control) groups. All doses were administered orally for 14 consecutive days. The urinary type II collagen (mCTX-II) level as well as reactive oxygen spe cies, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6, superoxide dismutase, catalase, lipid peroxidation, reduced glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase levels were measured. In addition, the CTX-II mRNA and protein expression levels were measured. RESULTS Galangin supplementation significantly reduced the mCTX-II level compared with controls. Galangin treatment significantly reduced reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation, interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels, but increased catalase, superoxide dismutase, glu tathione peroxidase, and reduced glutathione levels. Galangin treatment significantly reduced the CTX-II mRNA and protein expression levels. The low CTX-II level in tissue indicated the inhibition of cartilage degradation. CONCLUSIONS In summary, supplementation with galangin was effective against OA. The identification of potential therapeutic agents that inhibit inflammation may be useful for the management and prevention of OA


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Flavonoids/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Celecoxib/therapeutic use , Mutagens/therapeutic use , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Clinics ; 76: e1907, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of controlled-release morphine tablets combined with celecoxib in relieving osteocarcinoma-related pain and the effects of the combination on WNK1 expression. METHODS: A total of 110 patients with osteocarcinoma-related pain were selected and divided into two groups based on the treatment administered, including the control group (treated with controlled-release morphine tablets alone) and the study group (treated with a combination of controlled-release morphine tablets and celecoxib). We compared the treatment efficacy, pain level (visual analog scale (VAS)), time of onset of breakthrough pain (BTP), dose of morphine, incidence of adverse events, quality of life (QOL) score, and With-no-lysine 1 (WNK1) expression in the peripheral blood (PB) as determined with qRT-PCR before and after treatment, of the two groups. RESULTS: The total effective rate of the study group was higher than that of the control group, while the VAS score, time of onset of BTP, dose of morphine, incidence of adverse events, QOL score, and relative WNK1 expression in the PB were lower than those of the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Combination treatment with controlled-release morphine tablets and celecoxib can be extensively used in the clinical setting because it effectively improves the symptoms, QOL score, and adverse effects in patients with osteocarcinoma-related pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Morphine , Treatment Outcome , Delayed-Action Preparations , Computers, Handheld , Pain Management , Celecoxib , WNK Lysine-Deficient Protein Kinase 1 , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 315-326, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Drug-resistance and metastasis are major reasons for the high mortality of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a critical role in OC development. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of COX-2 on migration and cisplatin (cis-dichloro diammine platinum, CDDP) resistance of OC cells and explore its related mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the cytotoxicity effects of celecoxib (CXB) and CDDP on SKOV3 and ES2 cells. The effect of COX-2 on migration was evaluated via the healing test. Western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to analyze E-cadherin, vimentin, Snail, and Slug levels.@*RESULTS@#COX-2 promoted drug-resistance and cell migration. CXB inhibited these effects. The combination of CDDP and CXB increased tumor cell sensitivity, reduced the amount of CDDP required, and shortened treatment administration time. COX-2 upregulation increased the expression of Snail and Slug, resulting in E-cadherin expression downregulation and vimentin upregulation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COX-2 promotes cancer cell migration and CDDP resistance and may serve as a potential target for curing OC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Celecoxib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2/physiology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180641, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012519

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Infection, inflammation and bone resorption are closely related events in apical periodontitis development. Therefore, we sought to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase (COX) in osteoclastogenesis and bone metabolism signaling in periapical bone tissue after bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inoculation into root canals. Methodology: Seventy two C57BL/6 mice had the root canals of the first molars inoculated with a solution containing LPS from E. coli (1.0 mg/mL) and received selective (celecoxib) or non-selective (indomethacin) COX-2 inhibitor. After 7, 14, 21 and 28 days the animals were euthanized and the tissues removed for total RNA extraction. Evaluation of gene expression was performed by qRT-PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post-tests (α=0.05). Results: LPS induced expression of mRNA for COX-2 (Ptgs2) and PGE2 receptors (Ptger1, Ptger3 and Ptger4), indicating that cyclooxygenase is involved in periapical response to LPS. A signaling that favours bone resorption was observed because Tnfsf11 (RANKL), Vegfa, Ctsk, Mmp9, Cd36, Icam, Vcam1, Nfkb1 and Sox9 were upregulated in response to LPS. Indomethacin and celecoxib differentially modulated expression of osteoclastogenic and other bone metabolism genes: celecoxib downregulated Igf1r, Ctsk, Mmp9, Cd36, Icam1, Nfkb1, Smad3, Sox9, Csf3, Vcam1 and Itga3 whereas indomethacin inhibited Tgfbr1, Igf1r, Ctsk, Mmp9, Sox9, Cd36 and Icam1. Conclusions: We demonstrated that gene expression for COX-2 and PGE2 receptors was upregulated after LPS inoculation into the root canals. Additionally, early administration of indomethacin and celecoxib (NSAIDs) inhibited osteoclastogenic signaling. The relevance of the cyclooxygenase pathway in apical periodontitis was shown by a wide modulation in the expression of genes involved in both bone catabolism and anabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periapical Tissue/drug effects , Periapical Tissue/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/physiology , Dental Pulp Cavity/metabolism , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Time Factors , Bone Resorption/metabolism , Gene Expression , Up-Regulation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Indomethacin/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides/analysis , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/analysis , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/drug effects , Receptors, Prostaglandin E/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/analysis , Celecoxib/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
9.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 303-307, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759930

ABSTRACT

Infliximab (IFX) is an anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) monoclonal antibody used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and Crohn's disease. Rarely, anti-TNF-induced lupus (ATIL) may occur. ATIL differs from classical drug-induced lupus. We report a 49-year-old woman who developed polyarthralgia after 2 years of IFX treatment for Crohn's disease. Based on the autoantibody profiles, ATIL was diagnosed and low-dose glucocorticoid, hydroxychloroquine, and celecoxib were prescribed. However, arthralgia and hemolytic anemia developed. Because the anti-dsDNA titers waxed and waned, she was switched to vedolizumab, a monoclonal antibody to the human lymphocyte α4β7 integrin. Six months after switching treatment, the arthralgia had improved and the anti-dsDNA antibody normalized. Here, we report a case of ATIL that resolved after switching from infliximab to vedolizumab.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anemia, Hemolytic , Arthralgia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Celecoxib , Crohn Disease , Hydroxychloroquine , Infliximab , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Lymphocytes , Necrosis , Spondylitis, Ankylosing
10.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(5): 349-355, oct. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-976123

ABSTRACT

Los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINEs) se encuentran entre los fármacos más utilizados en la práctica clínica. Actúan mediante el bloqueo de las enzimas ciclooxigenasas (COX), pero el grado de inhibición de COX-1 y COX-2 varía entre ellos. Se ha generalizado la clasificación entre COX-2 selectivos o coxibs, y los no selectivos o AINEs tradicionales. Tanto los efectos analgésico y antiinflamatorio como los efectos adversos cardiovasculares dependen de la inhibición de COX-2. Este trabajo revisa las evidencias disponibles del aumento del riesgo de eventos trombóticos tanto para los coxibs como para los AINEs tradicionales. El efecto protrombótico podría deberse a la inhibición de la COX-2 endotelial, con disminución de la prostaciclina y un incremento relativo de los niveles del tromboxano plaquetario. Los coxibs y el diclofenac, 150 mg/día, aumentarían el riesgo de eventos vasculares mayores en más de un tercio. El ibuprofeno 2400 mg/día aumentaría levemente el riesgo de eventos coronarios. El naproxeno 1000 mg/día no incrementaría el riesgo de eventos vasculares. Además, el ibuprofeno y el naproxeno tienen el potencial del disminuir el efecto cardioprotector de bajas dosis de aspirina. El naproxeno (≤ 1000 mg/día) y el ibuprofeno a bajas dosis (≤ 1200 mg/día) deberían considerarse los AINEs con el mejor perfil de seguridad cardiovascular. Las decisiones terapéuticas deben basarse en una adecuada evaluación del riesgo del paciente, utilizando los AINEs más seguros, a las menores dosis efectivas, por el menor tiempo posible que permita el control de los síntomas, restringiendo su utilización en enfermos con aumento del riesgo cardiovascular.


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly used drugs in clinical practice. They block cyclooxygenases (COX) enzymes, but the degree of inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2 varies between them. In general, NSAIDs are classified in selective COX-2 or coxibs and non-selective or traditional NSAIDs. Both the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, as well as the cardiovascular adverse effects, depend on the COX-2 inhibition. This paper reviews the available evidence of the increased risk of thrombotic events for both coxibs and traditional NSAID. The prothrombotic effect could be due to the inhibition of endothelial COX-2, with a decrease in production of prostacyclin and a relative increase in platelet thromboxane levels. Coxibs and diclofenac 150 mg/day seem to increase the risk of major vascular events by more than a third. Ibuprofen 2400 mg/day could slightly increase the risk of coronary events. Naproxen 1000 mg/day apparently does not increase the risk of vascular events. Besides ibuprofen and naproxen have the potential to decrease the cardioprotective effect of low doses of aspirin. Naproxen (≤ 1000 mg/day) and low doses of ibuprofen (≤ 1200 mg/day) are considered to have the most favorable thrombotic cardiovascular safety profiles of all NSAIDs. Therapeutic decisions should be based on an assessment of a person´s individual risk factors, using the safest NSAIDs, at the lowest effective doses, for the shortest duration necessary to control symptoms, restricting their use in patients with increased cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Aspirin/adverse effects , Ibuprofen/adverse effects , Naproxen/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Drug Interactions , Celecoxib/adverse effects
11.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 140-143, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713814

ABSTRACT

A 60-year-old woman visited the authors' clinic with low back pain and arthralgia. Her symptoms had occurred 6 months previously, and she was treated with an epidural injection and a balloon dilatation procedure based on the assumption of spinal stenosis, but both treatments were ineffective. Her low back pain was aggravated, accompanied by fever and chills over a period of 4 months. As a result, she visited another referral hospital and was diagnosed with infective spondylitis associated with the invasive procedure. Her symptoms improved with antibiotics, but they recurred. When she visited our clinic, she still had continuous low back pain and febrile senses. Magnetic resonance imaging of her lumbar spine revealed interspinous bursitis, and 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography showed multifocal synovial inflammation. She was diagnosed with polymyalgia rheumatica and treatment was started on prednisolone and celecoxib. Her symptoms improved dramatically and the inflammatory markers normalized.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Arthralgia , Back Pain , Bursitis , Celecoxib , Chills , Dilatation , Fever , Inflammation , Injections, Epidural , Low Back Pain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Polymyalgia Rheumatica , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prednisolone , Referral and Consultation , Spinal Stenosis , Spine , Spondylitis
12.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 367-375, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766510

ABSTRACT

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used in various clinical situations, with excellent analgesic, anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory effects. In addition to gastrointestinal bleeding, which was the first adverse effect to be reported, myriad adverse effects from the digestive system, cardiovascular system, renal system and hematology have been also reported. In early 2000s, a few new cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 selective inhibitors were developed with the expectation of better gastrointestinal safety profile, most of them were withdrawn from the market due to various adverse effects, and interest in safety of NSAIDs has been increased again. Over the past two decades, research on the safety and adverse effects of NSAIDs has accumulated. In brief, celecoxib is associated with fewer gastrointestinal adverse events compared to non-selective NSAIDs. In patients receiving aspirin, the use of non-selective NSAIDs should be avoided, and if an anti-inflammatory drug is required, a COX-2 selective inhibitor should be considered. Celecoxib has been shown to have similar or better safety profile than other non-selective COX inhibitors. Additionally, the new COX-2 selective inhibitors of etorixocib and polmacoxib have been approved. Many factors should be considered when prescribing NSAIDs, as the safety profile of indivisual NSAIDs vary, and NSAIDs have a high risk of duplicate prescription because of the variety of indications and over-the-counter products. Physicians should comprehend the updated guidelines and the results of new clinical studies, and the risk factors for each individual patient should also be reviewed. Physicians should therefore contemplate new prescription strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Aspirin , Cardiovascular System , Celecoxib , Digestive System , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hematology , Hemorrhage , Medication Therapy Management , Prescriptions , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases , Risk Factors
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(1): e17292, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951918

ABSTRACT

It is understood that drugs regardless of their order of administration can exhibit drug interactions. Established on the fact that treatment of hypertension may last for decades and prolong usage of multiple drug regimen may induce substantial pathophysiological changes. Hence, This study was designed to evaluate the possible synergistic toxic effects of anti-hypertensive (carvedilol), and anti-inflammatory drug (celecoxib) alone and in combinations. Well-established MTT assay, Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis (SCGE) and Ames assay were employed to evaluate the toxicity at cellular level. Results from MTT assay on Vero cell line revealed that drug combinations have more pronounced anti-proliferative activity with combine IC50 value of 13.7:47.8 µg/mL. Likewise, exposure of peripheral blood mononuclear cells with drug combinations revealed significant (P<0.05) DNA damage (Class 3) in a dose dependent manner at concentrations ≥ 0.78: 2.34 µg/mL. However, carvedilol and celecoxib were non mutagenic against either mutant strain (TA 100 and TA 98) and combinations have also shown mild to moderate mutagenic potential. Nevertheless, upon addition of metabolic activation enzyme, concentration <12.5:37.5 µg/plate exhibited significant (P<0.05) mutagenicity against both tester strains. In conclusion, this study provides additional genotoxicity and mutagenicity data that could be used in considering options for formulating regimens with reduced mutagenic potential


Subject(s)
Celecoxib , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Mutagenicity Tests/statistics & numerical data , Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects , Genotoxicity/analysis , Hypertension/physiopathology
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): e17281, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001574

ABSTRACT

A new group of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing anti-inflammatory drugs (NONO-coxibs), in which an O 2-acetoxymethyl-1-(N-ethyl-N-methylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate NO-donor moiety is attached directly to the carboxylic acid group of 1-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)-5-aryl-1H-pyrazol-3-carboxylic acids (6a-c), were synthesized. A low amount of NO was released from the diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate compounds 6a-c upon incubation with phosphate buffer saline (PBS) at pH 7.4 (range: pH 7.97-8.51), whereas, the percentage of NO released was significantly higher (84.5%-85.05% of the theoretical maximal release of two molecules of NO/molecule of the parent hybrid ester prodrug) when the diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate ester prodrugs were incubated in the presence of rat serum. These incubation studies demonstrated that both NO and the anti-inflammatory 1-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)-5-(4-H, 4-F or 4-Me-phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-carboxylic acid (4a-c) would be released from the parent NONO-coxib upon in vivo cleavage by non-specific serum esterases. The parent compounds 4a-c displayed good anti-inflammatory effects (ID50=81.4-112.4 mg/kg p.o.) between those exhibited by the reference drugs, aspirin (ID50=114.3 mg/kg p.o.) and celecoxib (ID50=12.6 mg/kg p.o.). Hybrid ester anti-inflammatory/NO-donor prodrugs (NONO-coxibs) offer a potential drug-design concept directed toward the development of anti-inflammatory drugs that are lacking adverse ulcerogenic and/or cardiovascular effects.


Subject(s)
Prodrugs/analysis , Celecoxib/analysis , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/classification
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(2): 733-739, June 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893047

ABSTRACT

Although, antineoplastic therapies have now been developed reduction of tumor progression,itis necessarytofind new therapeutic alternatives to suppress angiogenesis.Thus celecoxib (Cx) has been used for its antiangiogenic action in combination with certain polymeric compounds such as poly (lactic co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) acid, which help to improve the bioavailability and avoid effects of long drug administrations. For this purpose we used a murine tumor modelinduced by mammary adenocarcinoma cells resistant to chemotherapy (TA3-MTXR). CX/PLGA inhibits the microvascular density, VEGF expression and cell proliferationinaddition to increased apoptosis (P <0.0001). Cx reduces tumor progression in a concentration of 1000 ppm associated with PLGA, reducing cell proliferation, the presence of VEGF and promoting apoptosis of multiresistant TA3 tumor cells.


Si bien actualmente se han desarrollado terapias antineoplásicas que permiten reducir de cierta manera el avance tumoral, es necesario buscar nuevas alternativas terapéuticas que permitan suprimir la angiogénesis. Es así como el Celecoxib (Cx) ha sido utilizado por su acción antiangiogénica en combinación con algunos compuestos poliméricos, tal como el ácido poli (láctico co-glicólico) (PLGA), el cual ayudaría a mejorar la biodisponibilidad y evitaría efectos derivados de largas administraciones del fármaco. Para tal efecto se ha utilizado un modelo tumoral murino, inducido por células tumorales de adenocarcinoma mamario resistente a la quimioterapia (TA3-MTXR). Los resultados indican que CX/PLGA inhibe la microvascularización, expresión de VEGF y la proliferación celular además del aumento de la apoptosis (P<0,0001). El efecto antitumoral del Cx está bien reportado en la literatura; este sumado a la microencapsulación con PLGA, aportarían un sistema de administración útil, ya que nos otorga una administración sostenida en el tiempo, los cual podría ayudar a mantener los niveles de droga durante un período más prolongado, lo cual sería beneficioso en la terapia tumoral.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Celecoxib/administration & dosage , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Delivery Systems , Immunohistochemistry , Lactic Acid/administration & dosage , Neoplasm Invasiveness/prevention & control , Polyglycolic Acid/administration & dosage , Polymers/administration & dosage , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects
16.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 56-64, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93440

ABSTRACT

We have previously reported that NS-398, a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)–selective inhibitor, inhibited replicative cellular senescence in human dermal fibroblasts and skin aging in hairless mice. In contrast, celecoxib, another COX-2–selective inhibitor, and aspirin, a non-selective COX inhibitor, accelerated the senescence and aging. To figure out causal factors for the senescence-modulating effect of the inhibitors, we here performed cDNA microarray experiment and subsequent Gene Set Enrichment Analysis. The data showed that several senescence-related gene sets were regulated by the inhibitor treatment. NS-398 up-regulated gene sets involved in the tumor necrosis factor β receptor pathway and the fructose and mannose metabolism, whereas it down-regulated a gene set involved in protein secretion. Celecoxib up-regulated gene sets involved in G2M checkpoint and E2F targets. Aspirin up-regulated the gene set involved in protein secretion, and down-regulated gene sets involved in RNA transcription. These results suggest that COX inhibitors modulate cellular senescence by different mechanisms and will provide useful information to understand senescence-modulating mechanisms of COX inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Aging , Aspirin , Celecoxib , Cellular Senescence , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Fibroblasts , Fructose , Gene Expression , Genes, vif , Mannose , Metabolism , Mice, Hairless , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA , Skin Aging , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
17.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 439-457, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75345

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and analgesic efficacy of polmacoxib 2 mg versus placebo in a superiority comparison or versus celecoxib 200 mg in a noninferiority comparison in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This study was a 6-week, phase III, randomized, double-blind, and parallel-group trial followed by an 18-week, single arm, open-label extension. Of the 441 patients with knee or hip OA screened, 362 were randomized; 324 completed 6 weeks of treatment and 220 completed the extension. Patients were randomized to receive oral polmacoxib 2 mg (n = 146), celecoxib 200 mg (n = 145), or placebo (n = 71) once daily for 6 weeks. During the extension, all participants received open-label polmacoxib 2 mg. The primary endpoint was the change in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC)-pain subscale score from baseline to week 6. Secondary endpoints included WOMAC-OA Index, OA subscales (pain, stiffness, and physical function) and Physician's and Subject's Global Assessments at weeks 3 and 6. Other outcome measures included adverse events (AEs), laboratory tests, vital signs, electrocardiograms, and physical examinations. RESULTS: After 6 weeks, the polmacoxib-placebo treatment difference was −2.5 (95% confidence interval [CI], −4.4 to −0.6; p = 0.011) and the polmacoxib-celecoxib treatment difference was 0.6 (CI, −0.9 to 2.2; p = 0.425). According to Physician's Global Assessments, more subjects were “much improved” at week 3 with polmacoxib than with celecoxib or placebo. Gastrointestinal and general disorder AEs occurred with a greater frequency with polmacoxib or celecoxib than with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Polmacoxib 2 mg was relatively well tolerated and demonstrated efficacy superior to placebo and noninferior to celecoxib after 6 weeks of treatment in patients with OA. The results obtained during the 18-week trial extension with polmacoxib 2 mg were consistent with those observed during the 6-week treatment period, indicating that polmacoxib can be considered safe for long-term use based on this relatively small scale of study in a Korean population. More importantly, the results of this study showed that polmacoxib has the potential to be used as a pain relief drug with reduced gastrointestinal side effects compared to traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for OA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arm , Celecoxib , Electrocardiography , Hip , Knee , Ontario , Osteoarthritis , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Physical Examination , Vital Signs
18.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 293-300, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47823

ABSTRACT

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an enzyme induced by various proinflammatory and mitogenic stimuli. Celecoxib is a selective inhibitor of COX-2 that have been shown to affect cell growth and apoptosis. Lung cancer cells expressing COX-2 is able to be a target of celecoxib, this study focuses on investigating that celecoxib induces apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress on lung cancer cells. We investigated whether celecoxib induced apoptosis on non-small cell lung cancer cell line, A549 and H460. The 50 µM of celecoxib increased apoptotic cells and 100 µM of celecoxib significantly induced apoptosis. To check involvement of caspase cascade, pretreatment of z-VAD-fmk blocked celecoxib-induced apoptosis. However, caspase-3, -8, and -9 were not activated, but cleavage of non-classical caspase-4 was detected using western blot. As checking ER stress associated molecules, celecoxib did not increase expressions of growth arrest and DNA damage inducible protein 34, activating transcription factor 4, and spliced X-box binding protiens-1, but increase of both glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and C/EBP homologous transcription factor were detected. Salubrinal, inhibitor of eIF2 and siRNA for IRE1 did not alter celecoxib-induced apoptosis. Instead, celecoxib-induced apoptosis might be deeply associated with ER stress depending on GRP78 because siRNA for GRP78 enhanced apoptosis. Taken together, celecoxib triggered ER stress on lung cancer cells and celecoxib-induced apoptosis might be involved in both non-classical caspase-4 and GRP78.


Subject(s)
Activating Transcription Factor 4 , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Caspase 3 , Celecoxib , Cell Death , Cell Line , Cyclooxygenase 2 , DNA Damage , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2 , Lung Neoplasms , RNA, Small Interfering , Transcription Factors
19.
International Journal of Oral Biology ; : 149-153, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222405

ABSTRACT

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-mediated prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) plays a key role in development and progression of inflammatory responses and Porphyromonas gingivalis is a common endodontic pathogen. In this study, we investigated induction of COX-2 and PGE₂ by P. gingivalis in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). P. gingivalis increased expression of COX-2, but not that of COX-1. Increased levels of PGE₂ were released from P. gingivalis-infected HDPCs and this PGE₂ increase was blocked by celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor. P. gingivalis activated all three types of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). P. gingivalis-induced activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) was demonstrated by the results of phosphorylation of NF-κ B p65 and degradation of inhibitor of κB-α (IκB-α). Pharmacological inhibition of each of the three types of MAPKs and NF-κB substantially attenuated P. gingivalis induced PGE2 production. These results suggest that P. gingivalis should promote endodontic inflammation by stimulating dental pulp cells to produce PGE₂.


Subject(s)
Humans , Celecoxib , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Dental Pulp , Dinoprostone , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Phosphorylation , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Porphyromonas , Pulpitis
20.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 293-302, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217321

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cardiovascular (CV) and gastrointestinal (GI) risks of etoricoxib in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) compared to a placebo and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS: A systematic review of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) of etoricoxib were performed. Bayesian network meta-analysis was used over a duration of 12 weeks. The incidence of CV and GI events for a duration ≥26 weeks were also tabulated and presented using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: From this search, 10 studies were identified. Of these, 6 and 5 RCTs that measured the CV and GI events at 12 weeks were included in meta-analysis. They showed that etoricoxib did not increase the CV events compared to the placebo or NSAIDs during the 12 week period (odds ratio [OR]=0.59 compared to celecoxib, OR=0.89 with ibuprofen, OR=0.70 with placebo, and OR=2.16 with naproxen). The risk of GI events was comparable to that of most comparators, with the exception of naproxen, which had a significantly lower risk of GI events (OR=0.18) during the 12 week period. For a duration ≥26 weeks, the incidence of CV and GI events with etoricoxib increased with increasing duration. CONCLUSION: Etoricoxib is an alternative short-term treatment option for OA, showing comparable CV and GI complications to other NSAIDs. Nevertheless, further studies will be needed to elucidate the long-term safety of etoricoxib in the treatment of OA.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Celecoxib , Ibuprofen , Incidence , Naproxen , Osteoarthritis
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