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Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 151-156, 20220000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373112


El íleo biliar se define como una obstrucción intestinal mecánica secundaria a la presencia de un cálculo biliar. Menos del 1% de los casos de obstrucción intestinal se derivan de esta etiología. La causa más frecuente es la impactación del cálculo en el íleon, tras su paso por una fístula bilioentérica. Es una complicación rara y potencialmente grave de la colelitiasis. Esta patología se presenta más en adultos mayores, la edad promedio en la que se presenta es entre los 60 y 84 años, afectando principalmente al sexo femenino, atribuido a la mayor frecuencia de patología biliar en dicho sexo. Presenta una alta morbimortalidad, principalmente por la dificultad y la demora diagnóstica.

Gallstone ileus is defined as a mechanical intestinal obstruction secondary to the presence of a gallstone. Less than 1% of cases of intestinal obstruction are derived from this etiology. Te most frequent cause is the impaction of the stone in the ileum, after passing through a bilioenteric fistula. It is a rare and potentially serious complication of cholelithiasis. Tis pathology occurs more in the elderly, the average age at which it occurs is between 60 and 84 years, mainly affecting the female sex, attributed to the higher frequency of biliary pathology in said sex. It presents a high morbidity and mortality, mainly due to the difficulty and the diagnostic delay

Humans , Aged , Biliary Tract/pathology , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Diagnosis, Differential , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 59-62, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375766


Abstract It is uncertain whether terminal ileum intubation should be performed routinely during colonoscopy, as there is uncertainty regarding its diagnostic value. The aim of the present study is to assess the diagnostic yield of terminal ileum intubation during colonoscopy according to indications for colonoscopy. This is a cross-sectional study in which the results of 294 total colonoscopy procedures were reviewed; ileal intubation was performed in 269 (91.49%) patients. The indications for colonoscopy, the results of ileoscopy, and the histopathological results of ileal biopsies were evaluated. A total of 54 (20%) out of 269 patients who had successful intubation into the terminal ileumshowed macroscopic abnormalities on the terminal ileum. Biopsies were positive in 4 out of 54 (7.4%); all were of Crohn disease. Two were erosions (9.5%.) and 2 were ulcers (18.8%). The two erosions were presented as abdominal pain, abdominal pain and alternating bowel motion. Those with ulcers were presented with diarrhea and perianal disease. Conclusions Considering the low diagnostic yield of ileal intubation during colonoscopy, the decision to performileoscopy or not during colonoscopy needs to bemade on a case-by-case basis. However, routine ileal intubation, brief attempts should be considered despite low diagnostic yield. (AU)

Humans , Colonoscopy/methods , Ileum/pathology , Ulcer/diagnosis , Crohn Disease , Abdominal Pain , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intubation, Gastrointestinal
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(5): 313-315, 20200000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367299


Gallstone ileus is defined as a mechanical intestinal obstruction secondary to the presence of a gallstone. Less than 1% of cases of intestinal obstruction are derived from this etiology. The most frequent cause is the impaction of the stone in the ileum, after passing through a bilioenteric fistula. It is a rare and potentially serious complication of cholelithiasis. This pathology occurs more in the elderly, the average age at which it occurs is between 60 and 84 years, mainly affecting the female sex, attributed to the higher frequency of biliary pathology in said sex. It presents a high morbidity and mortality, mainly due to the difficulty and the diagnostic delay.

Humans , Female , Aged , Gallstones , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Abdomen/surgery , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery
Acta cir. bras ; 35(4): e202000401, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130631


Abstract Purpose To evaluate the effect of N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) in newborn rats submitted to hypoxia and reoxygenation (H/R) conditions in an experimental model of necrotizing enterocolitis. Methods Eight pregnant rats and their 70 cubs were used (5 groups) and exposed to H/R conditions and received NAC at different times. The animals in the H/R groups were placed in a gas chamber (100% CO2) for 10 minutes and then reoxygenated for 10 minutes (100% O2), twice a day for the first three days of life, with a six-hour span between events. On the third day of life, the animals were anesthetized, laparotomized and the intestines were resected. Results The H/R and NAC groups showed changes in the intestinal wall in relation to the number, height and width of the villi when compared to the control group (p<0.0001), but with better preservation of structures in the NAC group. There were no differences between groups regarding the number (%) of mitoses. Conclusion The administration of NAC decreased the lesions in the intestinal wall of rats submitted to H/R, therefore suggesting that this drug can be used to prevent the development of necrotizing enterocolitis in newborns.

Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Acetylcysteine/pharmacology , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/prevention & control , Ileum/drug effects , Ileum/pathology , Hypoxia/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 32(3): e1451, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038028


ABSTRACT Background: Hypovolemic shock is a common disease in polytrauma patients and may develop ischemia in various organs, increasing morbidity and mortality. The bowel is usually most affected by this condition. Aim: To evaluate the effects of copaiba oil on the intestinal mucosa's injury of rats submitted to hypovolemic shock. Method: Fifteen rats were divided into three groups: sham - simulated surgery; ischemia - animals submitted to hypovolemic shock; and copaiba - animals submitted to hypovolemic shock previously treated with copaiba oil. Mean blood pressure, arterial blood gas after shock induction, degree of intestinal lesion and villus length were evaluated. Results: The sham presented the lowest values of lactate and PaCO2 and the highest values of mean arterial pressure, pH and bicarbonate in relation to the other groups. The degree of mesenteric lesion was zero in the sham group; 3.00±1.00 in the ischemia group; and 3.00±0.71 in the copaiba group. The villus length was 173.60±8.42 in the sham, 142.77±8.33 in the ischemia and 143.01±9.57 in the copaiba group. There was a significant difference between the sham and the other groups (p<0.05); however, there not significant difference between groups Ischemia and copaiba. Conclusion: Administration of copaiba oil did not reduce the intestinal mucosa lesion of rats after hypovolemic shock.

RESUMO Racional: O choque hipovolêmico é situação comum em pacientes politraumatizados, podendo acarretar isquemia de vários órgãos, aumentando a morbimortalidade. O intestino é geralmente um dos órgãos mais afetados por essa condição. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos do óleo de copaíba na lesão da mucosa intestinal de ratos submetidos ao choque hipovolêmico. Métodos: Quinze ratos foram distribuídos em três grupos: Sham - operação simulada; isquemia - submissão ao choque hipovolêmico; e copaíba - submissão ao choque hipovolêmico previamente tratados com óleo de copaíba. A pressão arterial média, a gasometria arterial após a indução do choque, o grau da lesão intestinal e o tamanho das vilosidades foram avaliados. Resultados: O grupo sham apresentou os menores valores de lactato e PaCO2 e os maiores valores de pressão arterial média, pH e bicarbonato em relação aos demais grupos. O grau de lesão mesentérica foi de zero no sham; 3,0±1,00 no grupo isquemia; e 3,0±0,71 no da copaíba. O comprimento dos vilos foi de 173,60±8,42 no grupo sham, 142,77±8,33 no da isquemia e 143,01±9,57 no da copaíba. Houve diferença significante entre o grupo sham e os demais grupos (p<0.05); contudo, não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos submetidos ao choque hipovolêmico. Conclusão: A administração do óleo de copaíba não reduziu a lesão da mucosa intestinal de ratos submetidos ao choque hipovolêmico.

Animals , Male , Shock/drug therapy , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Fabaceae/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Plant Oils/chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Ischemia/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/chemistry
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900705, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038115


Abstract Purpose: The denervation of the intestine with benzalkonium chloride (BAC) reduces mortality and improves weight gain in rats with short bowel syndrome (SBS). Nevertheless, translating these promising findings from bench to bedside is not feasible because BAC promotes peritonitis and irreversible denervation which may be followed by an uncontrolled dilatation of the viscera. The use of botulinum toxin (BT) instead of BAC to achieve the denervation of the remaining small intestine in SBS could be an interesting option because it leads to a mild and transient denervation of the intestine. Methods: Here we evaluated the effects of the ileal denervation with BT in rats with SBS by verifying the body weight variation and intestinal morphological parameters. Four groups with 6 animals each were submitted to enterectomy with an ileal injection of saline (group E) or BT (group EBT). Control groups were submitted to simulated surgery with an ileal injection of BT (group BT) or saline (group C - control). Results: We observed that the treatment of the remaining ileum with BT completely reversed the weight loss associated to extensive small bowel resection. Conclusion: This may provide a new promising approach to the surgical treatment of SBS.

Animals , Rats , Short Bowel Syndrome/surgery , Botulinum Toxins/pharmacology , Denervation/methods , Ileum/innervation , Short Bowel Syndrome/pathology , Benzalkonium Compounds/pharmacology , Body Weight/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Muscle Weakness/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Ileum/pathology , Jejunum/innervation
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(4): 537-541, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041471


Abstract INTRODUCTION: Leishmania species cause skin, mucosal, and disseminated lesions. We studied the effects of three Leishmania species on ileal morphology in mice. METHODS: BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally inoculated with Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, and Leishmania (Leishmania) major (4 animals/group). After 72h, the ilea were collected and histologically processed. RESULTS: Following inoculation, the goblet cell and intraepithelial lymphocyte populations increased, while Paneth cell number and crypt width decreased. In addition, enterocyte size, villi height, and mucosa, submucosa, and muscular tunic thickness increased. CONCLUSIONS: Leishmania modified the quantity of cells in and morphology of mice ilea.

Animals , Female , Leishmaniasis/parasitology , Leishmaniasis/pathology , Ileum/parasitology , Ileum/pathology , Leishmania/pathogenicity , Mice , Species Specificity , Disease Models, Animal , Leishmania/classification , Mice, Inbred BALB C
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1152-1159, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892912


ABSTRACT Aim: To investigate the histopathologic changes in native bladder and gastrointestinal segment, the relation between histopathologic changes, type of operation and the period passed over operation in patients with bladder augmentation. Materials and methods: Twenty consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. Histopathologic evaluation of the cystoscopic mucosal biopsies from native bladder and enteric augment was performed in all patients. Results: Active or chronic non-specific inflammation of various degrees was found in all specimens except two. Metaplastic changes were detected in 3 patients. Two patients had squamous metaplasia (one focal, one extensive) and one patient had intestinal metaplasia. All metaplastic changes were found in native bladder specimens. The type of augmentation in patients with metaplastic changes were ileocystoplasty and sigmoidocystoplasty. No signs of malignancy were detected in any patient. Conclusion: The complexity of the disorders requiring bladder augmentation does not let the surgeons to draw a clear line between different groups of complications including malignancy formation. However, due to challenging course of the augmentation procedure itself, surgeons should be well aware of the possibility of malignancy development.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Urinary Bladder Diseases/surgery , Ileum/surgery , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biopsy , Urinary Bladder/pathology , Urinary Bladder Diseases/pathology , Ileum/pathology
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 37(4): 340-345, oct.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991277


Introducción: Colitis linfocítica y enteritis microscópica son causas relativamente comunes de diarrea crónica y ambas se caracterizan por un infiltrado linfocitico intraepitelial. No existen reportes previos de la coexistencia de ambas entidades. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas e histológicas de los pacientes que presentan este diagnóstico simultáneamente. Material y métodos: Se seleccionaron pacientes adultos con diarrea crónica que tuvieran biopsia simultánea de colon y duodeno tomados el mismo día, durante los años 2010-2016, en el Servicio de Gastroenterología del Hospital Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrión. Se recopiló información clínica del archivo de historias. Las láminas fueron reevaluadas histológicamente por 3 patólogos. Se realizó estudio inmunohistoquímico de linfocitos intraepiteliales para CD8 y CD3 en 6 casos. Resultados: De 63 pacientes con diarrea crónica y biopsia simultánea de duodeno y colon, se identificó un total de 35 pacientes (55,5%) con diagnóstico simultáneo de enteritis microscópica y colitis linfocítica, 80% fueron mujeres. Se identificó anemia en 28,5% de los pacientes e infestación por Blastocystis hominis en el 31,8.%. En enteritis microscópica, el promedio de linfocitos intraepiteliales con CD8 y CD3 fue 40%, mientras que, en colitis linfocítica, el promedio fue de 37,2% para CD3 y 29,2% para CD8. En 11 de los 35 casos, se pudo obtener biopsias de íleon que fueron diagnosticadas como ileitis linfocítica. En 9 casos se diagnosticó colitis eosinofílica asociada a colitis linfocítica. Conclusión: Se encontró coexistencia de colitis linfocítica, enteritis microscópica y en algunos de ileitis linfocítica en un 55,5% pacientes con diarrea crónica con biopsia duodenal y colónica. Estos resultados abren la interrogante sobre si colitis linfocítica y enteritis microscópica son entidades diferentes o constituyen una sola patología que en algunos pacientes afecta varios segmentos del tubo digestivo.

Introduction: Lymphocytic colitis and microscopic enteritis are relatively common causes of chronic diarrhea and it is characterized by an intraepithelial lymphocytic infiltrate. There have been no previous reports of coexistence between these 2 pathologies. Objective: To describe histological and clinical characteristic in patients with coexistence of lymphocytic colitis and microscopic enteritis. Material and methods: All cases with simultaneous diagnosis of lymphocytic duodenosis and lymphocytic colitis were reevaluated during lapse time 2010-2016 in hospital Daniel Carrion. The slides were reviewed by 3 pathologists and clinical information was obtained from clinical records. Expression of CD3 and CD8 was detected in 6 cases by immunohistochemical assays. Results: A total of 35 patients with coexistence of lymphocytic duodenitis and lymphocytic colitis were selected of the pathology archives, 80% were females, Anemia was identified in 28.5% of patients. Blastocysitis hominis infestation was identified in 31.8%. The mean intraepithelial lymphocyte CD8 and CD3 positive was 40% in microscopic enteritis, while the mean intraepithelial lymphocyte CD3 positive was 37.2% and CD8 positive was 29.2% Additionally, lymphocytic ileitis was diagnosed in 11 of our cases. Eosinophilic colitis was diagnosed in 9 cases of lymphocytic colitis Conclusion: We found that lymphocytic colitis, microscopic enteritis and even lymphocytic ileitis can coexist in a group of patients with chronic diarrhea. These findings bring the question if this concurrence of both pathologies constituted a more generalized gastrointestinal disorder, involving both the large and the small intestines.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colitis, Microscopic/complications , Colitis, Lymphocytic/complications , Diarrhea/etiology , Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Blastocystis Infections/complications , Blastocystis Infections/pathology , Colon/pathology , Colitis, Microscopic/pathology , Colitis, Lymphocytic/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Ileitis/complications , Ileitis/pathology , Ileum/pathology
Acta cir. bras ; 32(8): 648-661, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886225


Abstract Purpose: To investigate the inflammatory and redox responses to teduglutide on an animal model of laparotomy and intestinal anastomosis. Methods: Wistar rats (n=62) were allocated into four groups: "Ileal Resection and Anastomosis" vs. "Laparotomy", each one split into "Postoperative Teduglutide Administration" vs. "No Treatment"; and euthanized at the third or the seventh day. Ileal and blood samples were recovered at the baseline and at the euthanasia. Flow cytometry was used to study the inflammatory response (IL-1α, MCP-1, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-4 levels), oxidative stress (cytosolic peroxides, mitochondrial reactive species, intracellular glutathione and mitochondrial membrane potential) and cellular viability and death (annexin V/propidium iodide double staining). Results: Postoperative teduglutide treatment was associated with higher cellular viability index and lower early apoptosis ratio at the seventh day; higher cytosolic peroxides level at the third day and mitochondrial overgeneration of reactive species at the seventh day; higher tissue concentration of IL-4 and lower local pro-to-anti-inflammatory cytokines ratio at the seventh day. Conclusion: Those findings suggest an intestinal pro-oxidative and anti-inflammatory influence of teduglutide on the peri-operative context with a potential interference in the intestinal anastomotic healing.

Animals , Male , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Peptides/pharmacology , Ileum/surgery , Ileum/drug effects , Ileum/pathology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Time Factors , Wound Healing/drug effects , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Flow Cytometry , Ileum/metabolism , Laparotomy
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 50(1): 61-68, ene-abr. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-884481


El término Enfermedad Inflamatoria Intestinal (EII) incluye a un grupo de entidades clínicas que se caracterizan por ser procesos inflamatorios crónicos de etiología desconocida, y afectar primordialmente, aunque no de forma exclusiva, al intestino. Actualmente se reconocen varias entidades que se engloban en este concepto: Colitis Ulcerosa (CU), Enfermedad de Crohn (EC), Colitis Inclasificada (CI), Colitis Microscópica (CM) y Reservoritis (Pouchitis). La Enfermedad de Crohn puede afectar a cualquier tramo del intestino, siendo la localización más frecuente la Ileal y Colónica en forma simultánea. El proceso inflamatorio en la EC es transmural y sus síntomas fundamentales son la diarrea generalmente crónica y/o el dolor abdominal. Presentamos el caso de una mujer joven con una EC que compromete exclusivamente al ileon terminal, en la que se realizó el diagnóstico de EC ileal por la clínica, la endoscopía y la anatomía patológica, que respondió satisfactoriamente a la terapéutica instaurada, y se revisa el concepto de la EC con énfasis en su diagnóstico.

The term Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) includes a group of clinical entities that are characterized by chronic inflammatory processes of unknown etiology, and primarily, but not exclusively, affecting the intestine. Currently, several entities are included in this concept: Ulcerative Colitis (UC), Crohn's Disease (CD), Unclassified Colitis (UC), Microscopic Colitis (CM) and Reservoritis (Pouchitis). Crohn's Disease can affect any part of the intestine, with the most frequent location being ileal and colonic simultaneously. The inflammatory process in CD is transmural and its fundamental symptoms are usually chronic diarrhea and/or abdominal pain. We present the case of a young woman with a CD that exclusively compromises the terminal Ileon, in whom the diagnosis of ileal CD was performed with the clinical data, the endoscopic procedure and the pathological study, who responded satisfactorily to the established therapy, and the concept of CD with an emphasis on its diagnosis is reviewed.

Humans , Female , Adult , Crohn Disease/diagnosis , Ileitis/diagnosis , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Ileitis/drug therapy , Ileum/pathology
Acta cir. bras ; 32(3): 236-242, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837688


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (r-IPC) administered to pregnant rats, in the ileum of newborn rats subjected to hypoxia and reoxygenation. Methods: We used three pregnant rats and their newborn rats distributed in three groups: 1) Control (C) - Newborn rats born from a pregnant rat which did not undergo any intervention; 2) Hypoxia-Reoxygenation (H/R) - Newborn rats born from a pregnant rat which did not undergo any intervention, and were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation; 3) Remote Ischemic Preconditioning (r-IPC) - newborn rats born from a pregnant rat which was subjected to remote ischemic preconditioning twenty-four hours before giving birth and the newborn rats were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation. Segments of ileum were prepared for histological analysis by HE and immunohistochemistry by the Ki67 to evaluate cell proliferation, crypt depth and villus height and evaluation of apoptosis by cleaved caspase-3. Results: The intensity of the lesions was lower in the r-IPC than in the H/R group, showing significant difference (p<0.01). The r-IPC group showed a higher proliferative activity compared to the H/R group (p<0.01), with deeper crypts (r-IPC > H/R - p < 0.05), and higher villi, showing significant difference (r-IPC > H/R - (p <0.01). The occurrence of apoptosis in the H/R group was lower in comparison to groups C and r-IPC, with significant difference (H/R < r-IPC; p<0.05). Conclusion: The remote ischemic preconditioning applied to the pregnant rat protected the ileum of newborn rats subjected to hypoxia and reoxygenation, with decreased intensity of the lesions in the ileum mucosa and preservation of proliferative activity, keeping the villus height and crypt depth similar to group C.

Animals , Female , Rats , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/prevention & control , Ileum/blood supply , Time Factors , Pregnancy , Immunohistochemistry , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Cell Hypoxia , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Apoptosis , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Caspase 3/analysis , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/blood supply , Animals, Newborn
Clinics ; 71(7): 412-419, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787431


OBJECTIVES: Necrotizing enterocolitis is a severe multifactorial intestinal disorder that primarily affects preterm newborns, causing 20-40% mortality and morbidity. Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein has been reported to be a biomarker for the detection of intestinal injuries. Our aim was to assess intestinal tissue injury and the molecular expression of intestinal fatty acid-binding protein over time in a necrotizing enterocolitis model. METHODS: A total of 144 Newborn rats were divided into two groups: 1) Control, which received breastfeeding (n=72) and 2) Necrotizing Enterocolitis, which received formula feeding and underwent hypoxia and hypothermia (n=72). A total of six time points of ischemia (2 times a day for 3 days; 12 pups for each time point) were examined. Samples were collected for analysis of body weight, morphological and histological characteristics, intestinal weight, intestinal weight/body weight ratio, injury grade, and intestinal fatty acid-binding protein levels. RESULTS: Body and intestinal weights were lower in the Necrotizing Enterocolitis group than in the Control group (p<0.005 and p<0.0005, respectively). The intestinal weight/body weight ratio was higher in the Necrotizing Enterocolitis group than in the Control group (p<0.005) only at the sixth ischemia time point. The Necrotizing Enterocolitis group displayed higher expression of intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (p<0.0005) and showed greater tissue damage than the Control group. CONCLUSION: Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein was an efficient marker of ischemic injury to the intestine and a good correlation was demonstrated between the time of ischemic injury and the grade of intestinal injury.

Animals , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/metabolism , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Ileum/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Body Weight , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/analysis , Ileum/blood supply , Ischemia/pathology , Animals, Newborn , Hypoxia/pathology
Acta cir. bras ; 30(10): 709-714, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764393


PURPOSE:To evaluate the effect of ischemic postconditioning(IPC) on intestinal mucosa of rats subjected to ischemia and reperfusion process comparing two cycles of reperfusion and ischemia lasting two minutes each and four cycles of reperfusion and ischemia lasting 30 seconds eachMETHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were distributed into three groups: group A (10 rats), ischemia (30 minutes) and reperfusion (60 minutes); group B (10 rats), ischemia and reperfusion plus IPC by two lasting two minutes each; and Group C (10 rats), ischemia and reperfusion plus IPC by four cycles lasting 30 seconds each. Finally, a segment of small intestine was resected for histological analysis. We analysed the results according to Chiu et al. classification and proceeded to the statistical treatment by Kruskal-Wallis test (p<0.05).RESULTS: The mean degree of tissue injury according to Chiu et al. classification were: Group A, 2.77; in group B, 1.4; and group C, 1.4. B X C (p<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Ischemic postconditioning was able to minimize reperfusion injury of rats undergone mesenteric ischemia and reperfusion process. There was no difference in the effectiveness of the method comparing two cycles of two minutes with four cycles of 30 seconds by H&E histological evaluation of the ileum after 60-minute reperfusion.

Animals , Male , Intestinal Mucosa/blood supply , Ischemic Postconditioning/methods , Mesenteric Ischemia/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Ileum/blood supply , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Mesenteric Ischemia/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Severity of Illness Index , Time Factors
Acta cir. bras ; 30(6): 407-413, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749649


PURPOSE: Vogt´s antioxidant solution (red blood cells, Ringer's solution, sodium bicarbonate, mannitol, allopurinol and 50% glucose) or its modification including hydroxyethyl starch (HES) were tested for the prevention of splanchnic artery occlusion shock. METHODS: Seventy rats were distributed in treatment (3), control (1), and sham (3) groups. Ischemia and reperfusion were induced by celiac, superior mesenteric and inferior mesenteric arteries occlusion for 40 min, followed by 60 min reperfusion or sham procedures. Controls received saline, both treatment and sham groups received the Vogt's solution, modified Vogt's solution (replacing Ringer's solution by HES), or HES. Mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), ileal malondialdehyde (MDA) and plasmatic MDA were determined, and a histologic grading system was used. RESULTS: At reperfusion, MABP dropped in all I/R groups. Only HES treatment was able to restore final MABP to the levels of sham groups. Plasmatic MDA did not show differences between groups. Ileum MDA was significantly higher in the control and treatment groups as compared to the sham group. Histology ranking was higher in the only in control group. CONCLUSIONS: Hydroxyethyl starch was able to prevent hemodynamic shock but not intestinal lesions. Both treatments with Vogt's solutions did not show any improvement. .

Animals , Male , Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives/pharmacology , Mesenteric Arteries/drug effects , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion/prevention & control , Plasma Substitutes/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Disease Models, Animal , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives/therapeutic use , Ileum/blood supply , Ileum/pathology , Ischemia/prevention & control , Isotonic Solutions/pharmacology , Isotonic Solutions/therapeutic use , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Mesenteric Arteries/pathology , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion/pathology , Plasma Substitutes/therapeutic use , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Splanchnic Circulation/drug effects , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Gut and Liver ; : 80-86, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61571


BACKGROUND/AIMS: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a serologic activity marker in Crohn's disease (CD), but it may be less useful in evaluating CD activity in ileal CD patients. We aimed to investigate the usefulness of CRP as a disease activity marker in CD according to disease location. METHODS: Korean CD patients in a single hospital were evaluated. Factors associated with elevated CRP concentration at the time of diagnosis of CD and the association between the physician's prediction regarding upcoming surgery and the sites of the lesions directly related to surgery were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 435 CD patients, 25.7%, 6.9%, and 67.4% had ileal, colonic, and ileocolonic CD, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, reduced serum albumin, CD activity index (CDAI) >220, and ileocolonic/colonic location were associated with an elevated CRP level and that the CRP level was significantly correlated with the CDAI in all CD patients (gamma=0.466, p<0.01). However, the correlation coefficient was dependent on the location, with values of 0.395, 0.456, and 0.527 in patients with an ileal, ileocolonic, and colonic disease location, respectively. Surgery for ileal lesions was less predictable than surgery for ileocolonic or colonic lesions during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: CRP is less useful as a disease activity marker in patients with ileal CD than those with ileocolonic or colonic CD.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Colon/pathology , Crohn Disease/blood , Ileum/pathology , Serum Albumin/analysis , Severity of Illness Index
Bol. Hosp. Viña del Mar ; 70(4): 161-164, dic.2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-779182


La endometriosis es una importante causa de dolor abdomino–pélvico en mujeres pre-menopáusicas y adolescentes en edad fértil, afectando en forma importante su calidad de vida. Se desconoce el mecanismo que produce la implantación de tejido endometrial fuera de la cavidad uterina. Sin embargo, la menstruación retrógrada es la hipótesis más aceptada. Dentro de la amplia gama de síntomas asociados a esta patología, el dolor pélvico recurrente, la dismenorrea, la dispareunia e infertilidad están entre las formas más frecuentes de presentación. Sin embargo, esta patología puede comprometer tanto a intestino delgado como recto sigmoides, debiendo ser considerado en el diagnóstico diferencial etiológico de obstrucción intestinal aguda. Se describe el caso de una paciente de 38 años, nulípara, usuaria de anticonceptivos orales; con antecedente de quistectomía anexial izquierda realizada el año 2007, quien presenta cuadro de dolor abdominal recurrente, asociado a vómitos profusos y ausencia de tránsito intestinal, coincidente con su menstruación y de resolución espontánea con el fin de ésta. Durante estudio complementario, bajo sospecha de endometriosis a nivel intestinal, se le realiza prueba terapéutica con agonistas de GnRh, logrando el cese de estos cuadros durante el tiempo de amenorrea, con reagudización de sintomatología obstructiva ante el cese del efecto. Tras identificarse mediante tomografía computada el sitio de obstrucción intestinal en íleon distal, se decide realizar resección del segmento intestinal comprometido por vía laparoscópica. El estudio histopatológico confirma el diagnóstico de endometriosis intestinal...

Endometriosis is a major cause of abdominal / pelvic pain in pre-menopausal and adolescent childbearing age women. The pathophysiological processes of implanted endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity is unknown. Retrograde menstruation is the more accepted theory. Dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia and infertility are the most frequent symptoms of endometriosis. However, this disease can affect the small intestine and rectum sigmoid. Therefore, we must consider the endometriosis as a differential diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction. We describe the case of a nulliparous 38- year-old user of oral contraceptives. She had a history of laparoscopy (left ovarian cystectomy) on 2007. This patient has a history of recurrent abdominal pain, vomiting and absence of intestinal transit, which occurred and ended simultaneously with menstruation. We suspect intestinal infiltration by endometriosis. The patient was administered GnRh agonists, achieving a state of hypoestrogenism and cessation of intestinal symptoms during the time of amenorrhea. Once completed the effect of GnRh agonist, obstructive symptoms reappeared. ACT scan identified the site of intestinal obstruction in the distal ileum, so we decided to perform a laparoscopy to resect the affected bowel segment. Histopathological analysis confirms the diagnosis of intestinal endometriosis...

Humans , Adult , Female , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Laparoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(12): 1075-1084, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727668


In this study, we investigated the potential role of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and the effects of growth hormone (G) and somatostatin (S) in SAP rats. The rats were randomly divided into 6 groups of 20 each: sham-operated, SAP, SAP+saline, SAP+G, SAP+S and SAP+G+S. Ileum and pancreas tissues of rats in each group were evaluated histologically. HMGB1 mRNA expression was measured by reverse transcription-PCR. Levels of circulating TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, and endotoxin were also measured. In the SAP group, interstitial congestion and edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, and interstitial hemorrhage occurred in ileum and pancreas tissues. The levels of HMGB1, TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6 and endotoxin were significantly up-regulated in the SAP group compared with those in the sham-operated group, and the 7-day survival rate was 0%. In the SAP+G and SAP+S groups, the inflammatory response of the morphological structures was alleviated, the levels of HMGB1, TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, and endotoxin were significantly decreased compared with those in the SAP group, and the survival rate was increased. Moreover, in the SAP+G+S group, all histological scores were significantly improved and the survival rate was significantly higher compared with the SAP group. In conclusion, HMGB1 might participate in pancreas and ileum injury in SAP. Growth hormone and somatostatin might play a therapeutic role in the inflammatory response of SAP.

Animals , Male , Growth Hormone/metabolism , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/etiology , Somatostatin/metabolism , Edema/pathology , Endotoxins/blood , Gene Expression , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , Hematoma/pathology , Ileum/injuries , Ileum/pathology , Interleukin-1beta/blood , /blood , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Neutrophil Infiltration/physiology , Pancreas/injuries , Pancreas/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/isolation & purification , Survival Rate , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 479-484, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732264


The present study analyzed the action of sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) and/or fluoride on hydroxyapatite. Hydroxyapatite powder was suspended in different solutions: deionized water, 500 µg F/mL, 1,100 µg F/mL, 1%TMP, 3%TMP, 500 µg F/mL plus 1%TMP and 500 µg F/mL plus 3%TMP. The pH value of the solutions was reduced to 4.0 and after 30 min, raised to 7.0 (three times). After pH-cycling, the samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. The concentrations of calcium fluoride, fluoride, calcium and phosphorus were also determined. Adding 1% or 3% TMP to the solution containing 500 µg F/mL produced a higher quantity of calcium fluoride compared to samples prepared in a 1,100 µg F/mL solution. Regarding the calcium concentration, samples prepared in solutions of 1,100 µg F/mL and 500 µg F/mL plus TMP were statistically similar and showed higher values. Using solutions of 1,100 µg F/mL and 500 µg F/mL plus TMP resulted in a calcium/phosphorus ratio close to that of hydroxyapatite. It is concluded that the association of TMP and fluoride favored the precipitation of a more stable hydroxyapatite.

O presente estudo avaliou a ação do trimetafosfato de sódio (TMP) e/ou fluoreto sobre a hidroxiapatita. Pó de hidroxiapatita foi suspenso em diferentes soluções: água deionizada, 500 µg F/mL, 1100 µg F/mL, 1%TMP, 3%TMP, 500 µg F/mL adicionado a 1%TMP e 500 µg F/mL associado a 3%TMP. O pH das soluções foi reduzido para 4,0 e depois de 30 min, elevado para 7,0 (três vezes). Depois do processo de ciclagem de pH, as amostras foram analisadas por difração de raios-X e espectroscopia por infravermelho. As concentrações de fluoreto de cálcio, fluoreto, cálcio e fósforo também foram determinadas. A adição de 1% ou 3% TMP na solução contendo 500 µg F/mL produziu uma maior quantidade de fluoreto de cálcio comparado às amostras tratadas com uma solução de 1100 µg F/mL. A respeito da concentração de cálcio, amostras tratadas com soluções de 1100 µg F/mL e 500 µg F/mL adicionado ao TMP foram estatisticamente similares e mostraram maiores valores. Soluções de 1100 µg F/mL e 500 µg F/mL adicionado ao TMP resultaram em uma proporção molar Ca/P mais próxima à da hidroxiapatita. Conclui-se que a associação de TMP e F favoreceu a precipitação de uma hidroxiapatita mais estável.

Animals , Mice , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Endotoxins/toxicity , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Intestinal Mucosa/microbiology , Tungsten Compounds , Allopurinol/pharmacology , Gentamicins/pharmacology , Ileum/microbiology , Ileum/pathology , Polymyxin B/pharmacology , Quinolinium Compounds/pharmacology , Tungsten/pharmacology , Xanthine Oxidase/antagonists & inhibitors
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 54(5): 342-348, Sep-Oct/2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-725686


Introdução: Pacientes com espondilite anquilosante podem apresentar-se com lesões inflamatórias intestinais, e, por isso, deve ser definido o uso da colonoscopia para tais pacientes. Objetivos: Avaliar as alterações colonoscópicas intestinais macroscópicas e achados histopatológicos microscópicos de pacientes com espondilite anquilosante; correlacionar os achados colonoscópicos e histopatológicos; e estudar a relação dos achados histopatológicos com as manifestações extra-articulares da doença, HLA-B27, BASFI and BASDAI. Métodos: Este é um estudo transversal de 22 pacientes com espondilite anquilosante. Os pacientes passaram por uma avaliação clínica, BASDAI e BASFI, coleta de sangue para determinação de HLA-B27, e colonoscopia com biópsia de quarto segmentos intestinais (íleo terminal, cólon direito, cólon sigmoide e reto). Resultados: Resultados colonoscópicos anormais foram obtidos em 13 (59,1%) pacientes, e a principal anormalidade foi a presença de pólipos intestinais. Os grupos de resultados colonoscópicos normais e anormais (n = 9 e n = 13, respectivamente) foram homogêneos no que diz respeito à idade, BASFI, BASDAI, e variáveis categóricas, e o valor P não revelou diferença significativa entre grupos. Dos resultados histopatológicos, 81% tiveram uma biópsia anormal do íleo terminal, 90.9% tiveram uma biópsia anormal do cólon sigmoide, e a biópsia retal estava anormal em 86.4%. Os achados histopatológicos revelaram biópsias anormais em 81%, 90.9%, 90.9% e 86.4% para o íleo terminal, cólon direito, cólon sigmoide e reto, respectivamente. Os resultados histopatológicos não revelaram associação estatisticamente significativa com as manifestações ex...

Introduction: Patients with ankylosing spondylitis can have intestinal inflammatory lesions, thus the use of colonoscopy for such patients should be defined. Objectives: To assess the gross intestinal colonoscopic changes and microscopic histopathologic findings of patients with ankylosing spondylitis; to correlate the colonoscopic and histopathologic findings; and to study the relationship of the histopathologic findings with extra-articular manifestations of the disease, HLA-B27, BASFI and BASDAI. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 22 patients with ankylosing spondylitis. The patients underwent clinical assessment, BASDAI and BASFI application, blood collection for HLA-B27 measurement, and colonoscopy with biopsy of four intestinal segments (terminal ileum, right and sigmoid colons, and rectum). Results: Abnormal colonoscopic results were obtained in 13 (59.1%) patients, the major abnormality being intestinal polyps. The groups of normal and abnormal colonoscopic results (n = 9 and n = 13, respectively) were homogeneous regarding age, BASFI, BASDAI, and categorical variables, and the P-value showed no significant difference between groups. The histopathological findings revealed abnormal biopsies in 81%, 90.9%, 90.9% and 86.4% for terminal ileum, right colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum, respectively. The histopathologic results showed no statistically significant association with the extra-articular manifestations, BASFI, BASDAI and HLA-B27 positivity. Conclusions: The histological analysis of the four intestinal segments evidenced inflammatory lesions in patients with normal and abnormal colonoscopic results, independently of bowel symptomatology and therapy used in the treatment of the basal disease. .

Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/pathology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/etiology , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/pathology , Colonoscopy , Colon/pathology , Ileum/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged