Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 191
Filter
1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e200098, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507023

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the effect of the quality of dental health services based on dimensions of empathy and responsiveness to patient satisfaction in urban and rural areas in Bone District, Indonesia. Material and Methods: This survey used an analytical observational method with a pilot pathfinder survey design. The total of participants included in this survey was 442, with 223 in the urban area and 219 in the rural area. This survey was held on 25 February - 1 March 2019. The Mann-Whitney test was applied, adopting a significance level of 5%. Results: Empathy and responsive dimensions in urban (3.58 ± 0.94 and 3.50 ± 0.94) and rural (3.43 ± 0.99 and 3.63 ± 0.86) areas were in the moderate category. The administration staff was able to complete administrative procedures, and the Dental assistant responded promptly to the patient's request and needs. Conclusion: The quality of empathy and responsiveness dimensions in dental treatment fall in the moderate category for urban and rural areas; this means that empathy and responsiveness dimensions in dental service in hospital/public health need to be improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Quality of Health Care , Patient Satisfaction , Dental Assistants/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Rural Areas , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Urban Area , Dental Health Services , Empathy , Indonesia/epidemiology
2.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507027

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the dynamic self-determination of self-care (DSDoSC) and positive deviance (PD) models in changing stunting prevention behavior. Material and Methods: This research is a quasi-experimental study with a sample of 90 mothers taken by purposive sampling. Thirty mothers were given the DSDoSC intervention, 30 were given the PD intervention, and another 30 were in the control group. This research was conducted in July - October 2019. The variables studied were feeding behavior, nurturing behavior, personal hygiene behavior, environmental cleanliness and air sanitation, and behavior seeking health services. To analyze the difference in mother behaviour before and after test, we used Paired t-test. Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was used to analyze the difference of mother behaviour among groups. The level of significance was p<0.05. Results: The PWD group showed that eating behavior, parenting behavior, personal hygiene behavior, environmental hygiene and water sanitation, and behavior seeking health services had significant numbers. In the DSDoSC group, eating behavior, parenting behavior, environmental hygiene, water sanitation and health service-seeking behavior were significantly (p<0.05). The results of the Manova test showed that there was an effect of PD and DSDoSC on stunting prevention behavior. Conclusion: Self-dynamic for self-care model and the positive deviance model both can change a mother's behavior for the better in feeding, parenting, environmental hygiene, and water sanitation, seeking health services, but not changing behavior about personal hygiene behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Self Care/psychology , Sanitation , Dwarfism/pathology , Feeding Behavior , Health Services , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia/epidemiology
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529111

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the factors that influence the use of teledentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Material and Methods: An analytical observational study with a cross-sectional design with 163 respondents was conducted. The factors of using teledentistry studied in this study were knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, technology, benefits, and needs. The original questionnaire was constructed in English, later translated into Bahasa Indonesia, and modified to conform with Indonesian. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate (Chi-square test). Results: Respondents who have used teledentistry were 23.3%, while respondents who have never used teledentistry were 76.7%. There is no relationship between knowledge about teledentistry and the use of teledentistry (p>0.05). There is no relationship between the use of teledentistry and knowledge (p>0.05), attitudes (p>0.05), and beliefs (p>0.05). Conclusion: There were no factors associated with the use of teledentistry. The most influencing factor is the benefit of using teledentistry, which can affect the increase in the use of teledentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Telemedicine/methods , Teledentistry , COVID-19/transmission , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Observational Studies as Topic , Indonesia/epidemiology
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226288, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366204

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe the pattern of toothache experience in a cohort of children aged 2-5 over 21 years and to find the relationship between previous toothache experience and later reports of toothache to get finding on the most critical period of toothache as a problem in life. Methods: This is a secondary data analysis from Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS). A total of 1,927 children from IFLS-1 with complete data were included as baseline participants. They were followed up four times within 21 years (age 6-9y, age 9-12y, age 16-19y, age 23- 26y). Toothache was based on the question of self-reported toothache experience during the last four weeks. After 21 years, a total of 1,098 individuals could be traced and completed every cohort of the survey. Toothache experiences were reported for frequencies in every cohort and accumulative experiences over 21 years. Logistic regression tests were performed to analyze the association of previous toothache experience and later toothache experience. Results: Almost 40% of the respondents reported toothache at least once in their life. The age of 6-9 years is the period when a high percentage of children had teeth-related pain. The experience of toothache at this period was significantly related to every period of age in life. Conclusions: The period of early mixed dentition is important. Oral health status in this period is associated with future oral health. A comprehensive dental health prevention program targeting this population is essential to increase the quality of life


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Toothache/epidemiology , Oral Health , Socioeconomic Factors , Dental Health Surveys , Prevalence , Longitudinal Studies , Indonesia/epidemiology
5.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 31(1): e020421, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1365762

ABSTRACT

Abstract Betta rubra is an ornamental freshwater fish endemic to northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The B. rubra population has decreased in recent decades, and is classified as an endangered species in the IUCN Red List. This study aims to report for the first time infection by L. cyprinacea in B. rubra harvested from the Aceh Besar region of Indonesia. The fish samples were obtained from the Cot Bira tributaries, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia from January to December 2020. The results showed that the parasite infected 6 out of 499 samples in August and September, with a prevalence and intensity rate of 1% and 2 parasites/fish, respectively. The eyes and pectoral fins were the common infection sites. Despite B. rubra is not an optimal host (small size) for the parasite, this parasite might serve as additional threatening factors for the endangered B. rubra fish population.


Resumo Betta rubra é um peixe de água doce ornamental endemico da região norte Sumatra, Indonesia. A população de Betta rubra diminuiu ao longo dos anos, sendo classificada como espécie em extinção na Lista Vermelha da IUCN. Este estudo tem como objetivo relatar pela primeira vez infecção por L. cyprinacea em B. rubra coletados na região de Aceh Besar na Indonésia. As amostras de peixes foram obtidas nos afluentes Cot Bira, distrito de Aceh Besar, Indonésia de janeiro a dezembro de 2020. Os resultados mostraram que o parasito infectou 6 das 499 amostras em agosto e setembro, com uma prevalência e taxa de intensidade de 1% e 2 parasitas/peixes, respectivamente. Os olhos e as nadadeiras peitorais foram os sítios de infecção mais comuns. Apesar de B. rubra não ser um hospedeiro ideal (pequeno tamanho) para o parasita, este parasita pode servir como fator de ameaça adicional para a população de peixes B. rubra, ameaçada de extinção.


Subject(s)
Animals , Copepoda , Acetone/analogs & derivatives , Fishes/parasitology , Fresh Water , Hydrazones , Indonesia/epidemiology
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422272

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the differences in early childhood caries status on parental stress levels and socioeconomic status in Makassar City, Indonesia, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: This type of analytical observational study with a cross-sectional design was conducted in North Rantepao, Toraja City, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The research subjects of this study were parents who met the criteria, were willing to participate in the study, and had children aged 6-17 years. The questionnaire instrument with the criteria for assessing children's dental and oral health was assessed based on parents' perceptions. Each item is rated on a scale from 1 (never) to 5 (always). Then the total score was divided into three categories, namely low (score 3-6), moderate (score 7-10), and high (score 11-15). Comparative test analysis using Chi-Square test. Results: Parents with high-stress levels had more children with poor oral health. There is a significant difference according to the level of stress and socioeconomic status of the parents. Conclusion: There is a significant difference between caries status in early childhood based on socioeconomic status and parental stress level (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Socioeconomic Factors , Oral Health , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Father-Child Relations , COVID-19/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Indonesia/epidemiology
7.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(2): 197-203, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Irritable bowel syndrome is a frequent functional gastrointestinal disorder. The aims of this study were to investigate its epidemiology, focusing on the role of intestinal mucosal integrity and to evaluate the impact on the quality of life. Methods: A community-based survey applying a comparative cross sectional approach was conducted in six high schools in Palembang. Subjects were recruited using multistage random sampling divided in two groups. Rome III criteria were used to establish a diagnosis of IBS in combination with a questionnaire to determine risk factors. Determination of fecal alpha-1-antitrypsin and calprotectin levels was performed to determine impaired intestinal mucosal integrity. A questionnaire was used to evaluate how quality of life was affected by irritable bowel syndrome. Results: The survey was performed in 454 14−18 years old adolescents, of whom 30.2% fulfilled the Rome III criteria for IBS, with the following subtypes: 36.5% diarrhea, 18.9% constipation, 21.9% mixed, and 22.6% unclassified. Major risk factors were female gender, bullying, age 14-16 years, history of constipation and diarrhea, eating nuts, and drinking coffee, tea, and soft drinks. There was a significant association with intestinal inflammation (p = 0.013). A significantly impaired quality of life was found (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome in adolescents was high, with bullying, female gender, age 14-16 years, constipation and diarrhea, and dietary consumption of soft drinks, coffee, and tea as risk factors. A significant association with intestinal inflammation was found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/epidemiology , Diarrhea/etiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Indonesia/epidemiology
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 975-980, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association between milk consumption and lactose malabsorption in Indonesian children aged 3-12 years.@*METHODS@#This cross sectional study was conducted in randomly selected presumed healthy children with good nutritional status aged 3-12 years in Central Jakarta, Indonesia (@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of lactose malabsorption in children aged 3-5 years and children aged 6-12 years was 20.8% (15/72) and 35.3% (36/102), respectively. There was no association between milk or milk product consumption and lactose malabsorption (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is no association between milk consumption and lactose malabsorption in Indonesian children aged 3-12 years, suggesting that genetic predisposition may be more important than adaptive mechanisms to lactose consumption.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Humans , Breath Tests , Cross-Sectional Studies , Indonesia/epidemiology , Lactose Intolerance/epidemiology , Milk
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155006

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the regeneration of mandibular cartilage defect after implantation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSC) over platelet rich fibrin (PRF) as scaffold. Material and Methods: 20 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four experimental groups consisting of: a control group featuring untreated mandibular defects (C), experimental groups whose mandibular defects were implanted with hUCMSC (E1), mandibular defects implanted with PRF (E2), mandibular defects implanted with hUCMSC and PRF scaffold (E3). The subjects were sacrificed after six weeks of observation for immunohistochemical examination in order to evaluate the expression of Ki67, Sox9, FGF 18, type 2 collagen, and aggrecan, in addition to histology examination to evaluate chondrocyte number and cartilage thickness. Data was analyzed with univariate analysis (ANOVA). Results: The implantation of hUCMSC and PRF scaffold proved capable of regenerating mandibular cartilage defect through the expression of FGF 18, Sox9, Ki67, chondrosis counts, type 2 collagen, aggrecan, and cartilage thickness. The regeneration were significantly higher in group E3. Conclusion: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells in platelet rich fibrin scaffold proved capable of regenerating mandibular cartilage defect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cartilage , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Regenerative Medicine , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/microbiology , Platelet-Rich Fibrin/microbiology , Immunohistochemistry , Analysis of Variance , Rats, Wistar , Indonesia/epidemiology
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143389

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the relationship of transmission of COVID-19 virus knowledge with dental care during a pandemic. Material and Methods: Online questionnaire using Google forms distributed through social media (WhatsApp groups, Facebook, line groups) using a combination of convenience and snowball sampling. The level of knowledge about coronavirus transmission was measured using a questionnaire consisting of 5 statement items. This questionnaire uses the Guttman scale with 3 response and anxiety categories for dental care as measured using a modified questionnaire from the Dental Fear Survey. This questionnaire consisted of 9 question items using a Likert scale. Results: 285 respondents came from WhatsApp media users (89.9%) with an average age of 29.91 years. Respondents who experienced "dental health problems" during the pandemic were 44.7%. The knowledge of respondents about the transmission of the COVID-19 virus in dental care was 79.9% and the knowledge of the fear of caring during the pandemic period was 31.85% afraid. Statistical analysis showed a significant relationship between knowledge about transmission of the COVID-19 virus and fear of dental care (rs=0.388, p<0.001). Conclusion: The results obtained have a significant relationship between knowledge about transmission and fear for dental care during the COVID-19 pandemic in South Sulawesi Province.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Care , Dental Anxiety , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , COVID-19/pathology , Indonesia/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Fear , Pandemics , Social Media
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143394

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the ability of saliva in controlling the growth and the biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) as well as the effect of histatin-5 anti-biofilm relate to pH and saliva viscosity. Material and Methods: The S. mutans biofilm assayed by crystal violet 1% and its growth measured by spectrophotometer. The saliva viscosity was analyzed by viscometer, and pH of saliva was measured by pH meter. Results: Based on the optical density values, growth of S. mutans in saliva ranged <300 CFU/mL (0.1 nm) at concentrations of 25%, 12.5% and 6.25% for 24 hours. Whereas at the 48 h and 72 h period of incubation shown an increase in growth of S. mutans ranged 300-600 CFU/mL (0.2-0.36 nm). The inhibitory biofilm formation of S. mutans in saliva was significantly higher at concentrations of 12.5% and 6.25% at 24 h incubation times on a moderate scale, whereas the histatin-5 was effective to inhibit S. mutans biofilm on the 50 and 25 ppm. The saliva possessed a higher inhibitory of biofilm S. mutans than histatin-5 and good level viscosity (0.91-0.92 cP). Conclusion: The saliva was able to control the growth of S. mutans, and histatin-5 can inhibit the biofilm formation S. mutans. Furthermore, the saliva was also able to respond to the pH change with good viscosity of saliva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Saliva/microbiology , Biofilms , Viridans Streptococci , Histatins , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Streptococcus mutans , Viscosity , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia/epidemiology
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250459

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To measure the level of immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Material and Methods: A total of 158 patients aged >45 years were examined for periodontitis and interviewed regarding their menopausal status. The non-menopause group entailed female patients with periodontitis without menopause (n=23). The menopause group included females who stopped menstruating since >1 year, had a pocket depth of 4-5 mm, and did not have other systemic conditions (n=40). Samples were selected based on periodontal and menopausal status. In total, 63 samples of GCF were collected from the participants and tested using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit for IgG. Results: The median level of IgG in the menopause group was 39.50 (g/mL, whereas that of the non-menopause group was 41.08 (g/mL. There was a positive correlation between the plaque index and IgG level in both groups. In contrast, there was a negative correlation between age and IgG level. However, there was no correlation between plaque index and age regarding the IgG level in both groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The IgG levels in the menopause group were lower than those in the non-menopause group. As such, menopausal females should take great care of their overall health, including the periodontium.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontium , Immunoglobulin G , Menopause , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia/epidemiology
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287491

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the level of biofilm formation of S. mutans after being exposed to 5% sucrose, 8% lactose, or 1% xylitol. Material and Methods: This research was a laboratory-based experimental study with post-test only control group design. S. mutans was grown in test tubes containing tryptose soy broth (TSB) medium supplemented with 1% glucose. They were incubated at 37° C for 24 hours to grow the biofilms. The culture was then exposed to 5% sucrose, 8% lactose or 1% xylitol, incubated for 24 hours at 37° C, and examined using ELISA at a wavelength of 625 nm. The statistical analysis was performed using a one-way analysis of variance followed by the least significant difference test (a=0.05). Results: There were some differences in the biofilm formation of S. mutans after exposure to 5% sucrose, 8% lactose, or 1% xylitol (p<0.05). An LSD test indicated significant differences among the biofilm formations after exposure to 5% sucrose and 8% lactose and between 5% sucrose and 1% xylitol. In comparison, there were no significant differences (p>0.05) between 8% lactose and 1% xylitol. Conclusion: Sucrose, lactose and xylitol can form biofilms and the formation of lactose biofilms is the same as xylitol.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans/immunology , Sucrose/adverse effects , Xylitol , Disaccharides , Indonesia/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Analysis of Variance , Biofilms , Dental Plaque
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287497

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze periodontal comparison between Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) subject and healthy control. Material and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 122 subjects, 61 SLE patients and 61 healthy subjects who visited the Rheumatology Department, Dr. Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, during 2017-2018. Clinical examination of SLE was using Mexican SLE Disease Activity Index and oral cavity conditions were assessed using the periodontal index, gingival index, calculus index, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment loss and mobility teeth. Results: The age of SLE patients ranged from 18-55 years old with the mean age of 29.50 ± 9.57 years old. Periodontitis was higher in SLE patients (88.5%) than healthy subjects (22.95%). In addition, periodontitis occurrence in SLE (2.66 ± 1.02) was significantly different (p<0.001) compared to healthy subjects (0.51 ± 0.81). Conclusion: This study found higher rates of periodontitis, gingivitis, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment loss, and mobility tooth among SLE patients compared to healthy subjects. Periodontitis was also found to be higher along with more severe SLE group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Tooth Mobility , Periodontal Index , Connective Tissue Diseases , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/pathology , Periodontitis , Clinical Diagnosis , Dental Plaque Index , Oral Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gingivitis , Indonesia/epidemiology
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180860

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the gonial angle characteristics in class III skeletal malocclusion in Javanese ethnic. Material and Methods: Pretreatment lateral cephalometric radiographs of 43 Javanese ethnic patients were measured: upper (Go1) and lower gonial angle (Go2), anterior (AFH) and posterior face height ratio (PFH), maxilla-mandibular length difference, mandibular plane angle (FMA), Y axis, ramus position, ANB angle, posterior cranial base/ramus height and mandibular body length/anterior cranial base. The relation between Go1, Go2 and other variables were analysed using correlation and regression analysis. Results: The total gonial angle is within normal range, but Go1 is below normal and Go2 is above normal. There is no difference between male and female gonial angle measurements (p=0.939 and p=0.861, respectively). Ramus position is positively correlated to Go1 (p=0.003), while AFH (p=0.000), maxilla-mandibular length difference (p=0.000), FMA (p=0.000), Y axis (p=0.000), and posterior cranial base/ramus height (p=0.018) are positively correlated to Go2. PFH is negatively correlated to Go2 (p=0.018). Conclusion: The upper gonial angle is influenced by the position of mandibular ramus, while the lower gonial angle is affected by the posterior and anterior lower facial height and mandibular size and rotation. Javanese with class III malocclusion tends to have hypodivergent facial type, with more posteriorly located mandibular ramus and excess mandibular length.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Orthodontics , Cephalometry/methods , Indonesia/epidemiology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Regression Analysis , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180859

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the improvement in masticatory performances two weeks after posterior implant restoration. Material and Methods: Nine patients with missing first and second molars were included in the study. Masticatory performances were evaluated using subjective and objective methods utilizing color-changeable chewing gum and the visual analog scale (VAS) assessment. The subjects were asked to chew the color-changeable chewing gums before and two weeks after the posterior implant restoration. Their expectations regarding aesthetics and function were verified on the VAS before implant placement. Additionally, the VAS was used for the posttreatment completion rating two weeks after the implant restoration. Results: Significant differences in masticatory performance were noted at baseline (before implant posterior restoration) and two weeks after implant restoration (p<0.05). The posttreatment aesthetic and functional expectations ratings significantly exceeded the expectations (p<0.05). Conclusion: Masticatory performances were improved two weeks after implant restoration. In addition, the significant posttreatment ratings of the patients exceeded their initial expectations. In particular, patients with poor masticatory functions demonstrated significant improvements and satisfaction following implant restoration compared to those with good mastication. These findings indicate that a posterior implant restoration can increase the masticatory performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chewing Gum/microbiology , Patient Satisfaction , Dental Implantation/instrumentation , Molar/anatomy & histology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale , Indonesia/epidemiology , Mastication
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346682

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine differences in how orthodontic patients perceive the aesthetics relating to the use of Essix and Hawley retainers. Material and Methods: Photographs of a female patient using an Essix retainer and a Hawley retainer, respectively, were assessed by 70 orthodontic patients aged between 21 and 55 years. All participants were provided with the same images of the two retainer types being worn and were asked to grade the aesthetics of each retainer using a visual analog scale. The significance of differences in orthodontic patient perceptions of aesthetics in the use of Essix and Hawley Retainers in the young adult and adult age groups were tested using the Mann-Whitney test with assumed significance p<0.01. Results: There were differences in participants' perceptions between the two retainers that were statistically significant, with responses varying between young adults aged 21 to 35 years and adults aged 36 to 55 years. According to the VAS, the two retainers' average scores in the total population are 82 for Essix Retainer and 60 for Hawley Retainer in both groups. Conclusion: The Essix retainer as a retention appliance is considered more aesthetically pleasing than the Hawley retainer among both young and middle-aged adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Orthodontic Appliances , Orthodontic Retainers , Photography, Dental/instrumentation , Visual Analog Scale , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Data Accuracy , Indonesia/epidemiology
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20: e4825, 2020. tab
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1135566

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To know the level of patient satisfaction with dental healthcare services in Bantaeng, Indonesia. Material and Methods: This pilot pathfinder survey was conducted at Dental and Oral Health Services in Bantaeng and Pa'jukukang Sub-districts of Bantaeng Regency of South Sulawesi Indonesia. The Short-Form Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ-18) scaled was used and it consists of 18 questions and seven subscales. The t-test and ANOVA were used with a significance level set at 5% (p<0.05). Results: The female participation (72.8%) was greater than the male (27.2). Regarding age, 74.6% were <40 years, 21.1% were between 40-60 years old and 4.4% were over 60 years old. On the subscale of technical quality, there was significant value in the age variable (p=0.45), education level (p=0.031), job (p=0.026), waiting time (p=0.46), distance to dentist=0.026), and location (p=0.007). There were significant values on the interpersonal aspect subscale that were present at age (p=0.016), education level (p=0.038), and occupation (p=0.007). The highest satisfaction score was found on the technical quality subscale (13.04 ± 1.75) and the lowest satisfaction score was seen on the general satisfaction subscale (4.11 ± 1.75). There was a significant difference between the value of patient satisfaction with age, education, and occupation. Conclusion: Patients from the District Bantaeng and Pa'jukukang Bantaeng regency of South Sulawesi were more satisfied with the service provided. The highest satisfaction score was found on the technical quality subscale and the lowest satisfaction score was found in the general satisfaction subscale (AU).


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Patient Satisfaction , Comprehensive Dental Care , Quality Indicators, Health Care/standards , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Dental Health Services , Indonesia/epidemiology
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20: e5094, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1056879

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate periodontal tissue condition on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and its characteristics. Material and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study involved 61 SLE patients. Clinical examination of the oral cavity was performed using periodontal index (PI), gingival index (GI), clinical attachment loss (CAL) and number of loose teeth. Also, we evaluated SLE duration, treatment duration, ethnics, marital status, educational background, family income, and occupation. Results: In the evaluation of periodontal tissue, 93.4% had bleeding on probing, 80.3% clinical attachment loss, and 16.3% loose teeth. A total of 54 patients (88.5%) with SLE had periodontitis. Seven subjects had no periodontitis, 11 mild periodontitis, 29 moderate periodontitis and 14 severe periodontitis. Mean Periodontal Index score, Gingival Index, Clinical Attachment Loss (mm), and the number of mobility teeth, Plaque Index and Calculus Index respectively were 2.66 ± 1.20, 1.95 ± 1.02, 0.75 ± 0.59 mm, 1,49 ± 1.77. There was a significant difference in periodontal index score, shown periodontitis between employment and unemployment subjects (p=0.004) and a moderate correlation between periodontitis and occupation. Conclusion: Periodontitis found as manifestations SLE patients, followed by bleeding on probing and loose teeth. Its characteristics is playing a role in periodontitis in SLE patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Periapical Tissue , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Periodontal Index , Clinical Studies as Topic/methods , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Indonesia/epidemiology
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101300

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the correlation of the students in an Islamic boarding school intention toward oral health behavior by means of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) approach. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted on 153 students of an Islamic boarding school who fulfilled the criterion. Data were obtained by a questionnaire and clinical examination. Data were presented as mean and standard deviation. Results: The highest score of the variable that affects behavior recorded from both male and female respondents was Subjective Norm (57.288 ± 12.828), followed by Attitude (25.627 ± 4.144). Meanwhile, the lowest score that affects behavior was Oral Health Knowledge (3.179 ± 1.402). All study variables, according to the theory of planned behavior, such as knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavior control, and intention had significant value to predict and assess behavior with p<0.05. Conclusion: Attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and oral health knowledge in Private Boarding School's Santris influence the intention to improve oral hygiene behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Oral Hygiene , Students , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Linear Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Indonesia/epidemiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL