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1.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 111-116, 20220520. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379475

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la miocardiopatía no compactada (MCNC) es una miocardiopatía no clasificada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Se describe como una enfermedad congénita muy rara, donde se observan trabeculaciones endomiocárdicas que aumentan en número y prominencia. Esta miocardiopatía conlleva un alto riesgo de arritmias malignas, fenómeno tromboembólico y disfunción ventricular izquierda. Objetivo: reportar el caso de una mujer de 34 años, diagnosticada previamente con obesidad mórbida, que acudió a consulta externa para una evaluación cardiovascular prequirúrgica. El electrocardiograma mostró el ventrículo izquierdo (VI) ligeramente dilatado y llamativa trabeculación del mismo. Resultados: se confirma el diagnóstico de MCNC a través de una imagen de resonancia magnética. Se autoriza su cirugía y se recomiendan cambios en su estilo de vida y cambio de medicación para riesgos de fallo cardíaco. En el último ecocardiograma, los diámetros del VI muestran mejoría con respecto al primero. Conclusiones: la presencia de trabeculaciones en el VI debe considerarse un dato clínico de sospecha de MCNC. Se deben realizar más investigaciones sobre las causas de esta miocardiopatía no clasificada para desarrollar mejores formas terapéuticas, sin embargo, ha sido probada la eficacia de los bloqueadores de los receptores de la angiotensina II en el manejo farmacoterapéutico de esta condición


Introduction: Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a cardiomyopathy not classified by the World Health Organization. It is described as a very rare congenital disease where endomyocardial trabeculations that increase in number and prominence are observed. This cardiomyopathy carries a high risk of malignant arrhythmias, thromboembolic events and left ventricular dysfunction. Objective: To report the case of a 34-year-old woman, previously diagnosed with morbid obesity, who came to the outpatient clinic for a preoperative cardiovascular evaluation. The electrocardiogram showed a slightly dilated left ventricle (LV) and striking trabeculation. Results: The diagnosis of LVNC was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Surgery was authorized and lifestyle changes and change of medication for heart failure risks were recommended. On the last echocardiogram, LV diameters show improvement from the first. Conclusions: The presence of trabeculations in the LV should be considered as clinical data of suspected LVNC. Further investigations on the causes of this unclassified cardiomyopathy should be performed to develop better therapeutic ways, however, the efficacy of angiotensin II receptor blockers in the pharmacotherapeutic management of this condition has been proven


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnostic imaging , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/therapy
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 136-139, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356313

ABSTRACT

Abstract Isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia is a rare cardiomyopathy, with a broad range of clinical presentations. Since this entity was already described in association with osteomuscular diseases, mutation in the Lamin A/C gene has been regarded as a possible cause of this disease. This study describes the case of an asymptomatic teenager with isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia and arthrogriposis but with no mutations in the entire Lamin A/C gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Lamin Type A/genetics , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/physiopathology , Arthrogryposis , Lamin Type A/deficiency , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnosis , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/etiology
4.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(3): 298-306, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351954

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: reportar el caso de una gestante con síndrome en espejo asociada a miocardiopatía no compactada (MNC), tanto en la madre como el feto, en los que el tratamiento médico antenatal en la madre llevó a un resultado materno perinatal favorable. Presentación del caso: se describe el caso de una primigestante de 16 años, con 33 semanas de embarazo, remitida desde una institución de primer nivel de atención a una institución privada de cuarto nivel en la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, por presentar feto con hidropesía en ultrasonido obstétrico de control. Durante la hospitalización, la paciente presentó signos clínicos y ecocardiográficos de falla cardiaca (disnea, edema e hipoxemia), a la vez que se confirmó el diagnóstico de Hydrops fetalis (síndrome en espejo). Se instauró tratamiento diurético con furosemida en la madre, logrando mejoría del cuadro materno y del edema fetal. En el puerperio mediato hospitalario se confirmaron la presencia de miocardiopatía no compactada en la resonancia magnética nuclear cardiaca, tanto de la madre como del recién nacido. Ambos egresaron en adecuadas condiciones y fueron vinculados al programa de seguimiento cardiovascular: falla cardiaca y de cardiopatía congénitas, respectivamente. Conclusión: se presenta un caso de síndrome en espejo asociado a miocardiopatía no compactada materna y fetal. Es limitado el número de reportes de síndrome en espejo por anomalías cardiacas (maternas y fetales) y pobre la descripción de los tratamientos realizados que surgen como temas a investigar. Sería importante considerar el diagnóstico de MNC en fetos con hidropesía no asociados a isoinmunización y con disfunción cardiaca, así como su atención por equipos multidisciplinarios.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report the case of a pregnant woman with mirror syndrome associated with noncompaction cardiomyopathy in the mother and the fetus, in which antenatal medical treatment provided to the mother resulted in a favorable perinatal maternal outcome. Case presentation: A 16-year old primigravida with 33 weeks of gestation referred from a Level I institution to a private Level IV center in Medellín, Colombia, because of a finding of fetal hydrops on obstetric ultrasound. During hospitalization, the patient showed clinical and ultrasonographic signs of heart failure (dyspnea, edema and hypoxemia), with the diagnosis of hydrops fetalis (mirror syndrome) also confirmed. Diuretic treatment with furosemide was initiated in the mother, with subsequent improvement of the maternal condition as well as of the fetal edema. During the subacute postpartum period in the hospital, the presence of non-compaction cardiomyopathy was confirmed on cardiac nuclear magnetic resonance imaging in both the mother and the newborn. After discharge in adequated condition, they were included in the cardiovascular follow-up program for heart failure and congenital heart disease, respectively. Conclusion: A case of mirror syndrome associated with maternal and fetal non-compaction cardiomyopathy is presented. There is a limited number of reports on mirror syndrome due to cardiac anomalies (maternal and fetal), with weak treatment descriptions, pointing to the need for research in this area. It would be important to consider the diagnosis of non-compaction cardiomyopathy in fetuses with hydrops unrelated to isoimmunization or cardiac dysfunction and approach these cases from a multidisciplinary perspective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adolescent , Placenta Diseases , Hydrops Fetalis , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium , Cardiomyopathies , Syndrome , Edema , Fetus
5.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(4): eabc237, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361571

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: Miocardiopatia não compactada (MCNC) caracteriza-se por hipertrabeculações e recessos profundos no ventrículo esquerdo, com apresentação clínica heterogênea, desde pacientes assintomáticos a insuficiência cardíaca (IC), eventos tromboembólicos arritmias com risco de morte súbita. Por ser rara e não apresentar critérios diagnósticos bem definidos, sua história natural na pediatria é pouco conhecida. Este estudo descreve a apresentação e evolução clínica de pacientes portadores de MCNC. Metodologia: Estudo observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, de pacientes pediátricos atendidos em um centro de referência em cardiologia pediátrica provenientes da região metropolitana II do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, com fenótipo de MCNC ao ecocardiograma (ECO) no período de 2 anos de acompanhamento, provenientes do Registro ChARisMa. Resultados: Analisados seis pacientes com MCNC, de 4 a 14 anos de idade, média de idade de 7,5 anos (DP: 3,93), 3 do sexo masculino (50%). Apresentando-se com IC (n=2), sopro cardíaco (n=1), arritmia cardíaca (n=1), assintomático (n=1) ou em investigação de síndrome genética (n=1). Fenótipos ao ECO: MCNC/Miocardiopatia dilatada (n=1) e MCNC/Miocardiopatia restritiva (n=1), fenótipo isolado de MCNC (n=4). A ressonância magnética cardíaca foi realizada, confirmando o diagnóstico (n=4). Os desfechos observados foram tromboembolismo, indicação de transplante cardíaco e taquicardia ventricular sustentada. Conclusões: Esta série de casos proporciona dados relevantes da MCNC pediátrica, mostrando a heterogeneidade da apresentação clínica, bem como a ocorrência de complicações potencialmente fatais. São necessários mais estudos prospectivos para que seu diagnóstico seja corretamente realizado e sua evolução clínica, resposta terapêutica e prognóstico sejam mais bem conhecidos. (AU)


Background: Non-compacted cardiomyopathy (NCCM) is characterized by hypertrabeculations and deep recesses in the left ventricle, with a heterogeneous clinical presentation, ranging from asymptomatic patients to those with heart failure (HF), thromboembolic events and arrhythmias with risk of sudden death. As it is rare and does not have well-defined diagnostic criteria, its natural history in pediatrics is poorly understood. This study describes the clinical presentation and clinical course of patients with NCCM. Methodology: Observational, longitudinal, prospective study of pediatric patients seen at a pediatric cardiology referral center from metropolitan region II in the state of Rio de Janeiro, with NCCM phenotype on echocardiogram (ECHO) during a 2-year follow-up, from the ChARisMa registry. Results: 6 patients aged 4 to 14, with NCCM, were analyzed. Mean age 7.5 years (SD: 3.93), 3 males (50%). The patients presented HF (n=2), cardiac murmur (n=1), cardiac arrhythmia (n=1), were asymptomatic (n=1) or were under investigation for a genetic syndrome (n=1). Phenotypes on ECHO: NCCM/dilated cardiomyopathy (n=1) and NCCM/restrictive cardiomyopathy (n=1), isolated phenotype of NCCM (n=4). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed and confirmed the diagnosis (n=4). The outcomes observed were thromboembolism, indication for heart transplantation, and sustained ventricular tachycardia. Conclusions:This case series provides relevant data for pediatric NCCM as it shows its heterogeneous clinical presentation and potentially fatal complications. More prospective studies are needed for an accurate diagnosis and to allow its clinical course, therapeutic response and prognosis to be better known. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/classification , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/physiopathology , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnostic imaging , Cardiomyopathies/genetics , Time Factors , Echocardiography/statistics & numerical data , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Continuity of Patient Care , Death, Sudden , Heart Failure/complications
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5 supl.1): 14-14, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1128888

ABSTRACT

MÉTODOS: Trezentos e quatro pacientes consecutivos submetidos à polissonografia foram rastreados e 80 incluídos para realização de eletrocardiograma de 12 derivações e de alta resolução (ECGAR) e ecocardiograma bi e tridimensional. Foram divididos em grupos de acordo com: 1. Índice de Apneia-Hipopneia [AOS- (<15 eventos/h) e AOS+ (≥15 eventos/h)]; 2. Saturação mínima de 02 (SatMin) [>90%, 80-90% e <80%]; e 3. Tempo total de saturação de O2 <90% (T90) [<1minuto, 1-60minutos e >60minutos]. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 60,8±11,1 anos (60% do sexo feminino) e o IMC médio 31,95±6,5 kg/m². O grupo AOS+ apresentou menor fração de esvaziamento passivo do átrio esquerdo (FEPAE) comparado com AOS-. SatMin<80% à maior duração de onda P no ECGAR e menor strain de conduto em relação a SatMin>90%. T90 >60minutos à maior duração de onda P-ECGAR, P-máxima, P-média e P na derivação DII, menor intervalo Tinício-Tpico e menor FEPAE quando comparado ao grupo <1minuto. T90 1-60minutos à maior duração dos intervalos QT em DII e V5 e Tpico-Tfim, em relação ao grupo <1minuto. . Não houve diferenças entre os grupos quanto aos volumes atriais e demais variáveis eletrocardiográficas e funcionais. Após ajuste dos dados para idade, sexo e comorbidades, houve perda de significância estatística das variáveis funcionais. CONCLUSÃO: A presença de AOS associou-se apenas à menor FEPAE, sem alterações nas demais variáveis analisadas. O aumento no T90 associou-se ao aumento de variáveis de duração de P e de dispersão da repolarização, além da menor FEPAE. O strain de conduto foi menor e a duração da P-ECGAR maior em SatMin <80%. Os achados refletem a associação entre AOS, hipoxemia, disfunção diastólica ventricular e remodelamento atrial e a relevância da avaliação, não só da presença de AOS, mas também de índices de hipoxemia nestes pacientes.


Subject(s)
Atrial Appendage , Ablation Techniques , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 293-296, May-June 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002217

ABSTRACT

Ventricular non-compaction occurs due to failure in myocardial morphogenesis during the fetal period. Patients can have heart failure, as well as systemic complications due to thromboembolism and cardiac arrhythmias. Early diagnosis is essential. We present the case of an asymptomatic 49-year-old woman who initially manifested ventricular extrasystoles and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and a myocardial noncompaction diagnosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiac Complexes, Premature/diagnosis , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Diagnostic Imaging , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Cardiomyopathies
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eRC4514, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001900

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The left ventricular noncompaction is a congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by the presence of abnormal trabeculations in the left ventricle. The present study describes the case of a 14-year-old female Para athlete, who plays goalball. She was asymptomatic, with history of congenital nystagmus and mild visual impairment, who presented nonspecific electrocardiographic abnormalities during pre-competition screening. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed left ventricular non-compaction (non-compacted to compacted layer ratio equal to 2.5) and mild biventricular systolic dysfunction. Initially, the patient was excluded from sports participation and clinical follow-up was performed every three months. Patient remained asymptomatic during the one-year follow-up, with no history of unexplained syncope, marked impairment of systolic function or significant ventricular arrhythmias at the exercise stress test. Finally, she was released for competitive goalball participation and clinical follow-up was continued every 6 months. There is no consensus regarding the eligibility criteria for sports participation in cases of left ventricular non-compaction. Thus, it is prudent to individualize the decision regarding practice of sports, as well as to consider participation in competitive sports for asymptomatic individuals and with no disease repercussions.


RESUMO O miocárdio não compactado é uma cardiomiopatia congênita caracterizada pela presença de trabeculações anormais no ventrículo esquerdo. O presente estudo descreve o caso de uma paratleta de goalball, 14 anos, sexo feminino, assintomática, com história pessoal de nistagmo congênito e leve deficiência visual, que apresentou alterações eletrocardiográficas inespecíficas durante avaliação pré-participação. A ressonância magnética cardíaca evidenciou presença de não compactação miocárdica (relação entre camada não compactada/camada compactada igual a 2,5) e disfunção sistólica biventricular leve. Inicialmente, a paciente foi afastada da prática de esportes, e o seguimento clínico foi realizado a cada 3 meses. A paciente permaneceu assintomática durante o período de 1 ano de seguimento, sem história de síncope inexplicada, comprometimento significativo da função sistólica ou taquiarritmias ventriculares importantes ao teste de esforço. Por fim, ela foi liberada para prática competitiva de goalball, e o seguimento clínico foi mantido a cada 6 meses. Não há consenso quanto aos critérios de elegibilidade para a prática esportiva nos casos de miocárdio não-compactado. Assim, é prudente individualizar a decisão quanto a prática esportiva, bem como considerar a participação em esportes competitivos para indivíduos assintomáticos e sem repercussões da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnostic imaging , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Exercise , Nystagmus, Congenital/complications , Electrocardiography , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/complications , Athletes , Asymptomatic Diseases
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(11): 722-725, Nov. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Noncompaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM) and left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC), in their isolated form, are rare cardiomyopathies. They are characterized by a thickened myocardium due to the presence of deep trabeculae recesses, and to thick trabeculae. This condition is associated with a variable clinical phenotype including heart failure, thromboembolism, and sudden death. We report a case of LVNC at 26 weeks and 4 days of gestation revised on the basis of what is currently reported in the literature. A review of the literature was performed to better describe this rare condition. Left ventricular noncompaction is a rare fetal condition and it should be suspected in case of cardiomyopathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnostic imaging , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Myocardium/pathology
10.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 20(1): 42-48, ene.-jun. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960267

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de un varón de 56 años con cardiomiopatía no compactada y muy severa disfunción ventricular, con trastorno de conducción intraventricular y QRS ancho. Adolecía de comorbilidades incluyendo nefropatía diabética termi nal (en diálisis) y nunca pudo recibir terapia médica óptima por hipotensión e hiperkalemia. Con indicación IIa para terapia de resincronización cardíaca se le implantó resincronizador con desfibrilador, con respuesta aguda clínica y ecocardiográ fica excelente. Falleció a los tres meses del implante por asistolia que no pudo ser rescatada por el dispositivo. Es nuestra opinión que la presencia de comorbilidades graves y la imposibilidad de dar terapia médica óptima son una limitante para el éxito a mediano y largo plazo de la terapia de resincronización.


Abstract We present the case of a 56-year-old man with non-compaction cardiomyopathy and very severe ventricular dysfunction, with intraventricular conduction disorder and wide QRS. He suffered from comorbidities including terminal diabetic nephropathy (on dialysis) and was never able to receive optimal medical therapy for hypotension and hyperkalemia. With indication IIa for cardiac resynchronization therapy, a resynchronizer with a defibrillator was implanted, with an acute clinical and excellent echocardiographic response. He died three months after the implant due to asystole that could not be rescued by the device. It is our opinion that the presence of severe comorbidities and the impossibility of giving optimal medical therapy are a limitation for the medium and long-term success of the resynchronization therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Comorbidity , Ventricular Dysfunction , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Cardiomyopathies
11.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 31(2)abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-914215

ABSTRACT

A cardiomiopatia não compactada é uma doença congênita, que resulta de falha da compactação do miocárdio na vida embrionária. Nesse processo, há a persistência de trabeculações e recessos profundos, que se comunicam com a cavidade ventricular e geram espessamento do miocárdio em duas camadas distintas. O aspecto clínico dessa doença tanto em crianças como em adultos é muito heterogêneo, variando desde a ausência de sintomas até a tríade composta por insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, arritmias e tromboembolismo sistêmico, porém bradicardias sintomáticas são muito raras. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente com doença do nó sinusal como manifestação inicial de cardiomiopatia não compactada


Noncompaction cardiomyopathy is a congenital disease that results frommyocardial compaction failure in embryonic life. In this process there is the persistence of deep trabeculations and recesses that communicate with the ventricular cavity, resulting in myocardial thickening in two distinct layers. The clinical aspect of this disease in both children and adults is very heterogeneous, ranging from absence of symptomatology to a triad including congestive heart failure, arrhythmias and systemic thromboembolism. However, symptomatic bradycardias are very rare. We report the case of a patient with sinus node disease as the initial manifestation of non-compaction cardiomyopathy


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pacemaker, Artificial , Sick Sinus Syndrome/diagnosis , Sick Sinus Syndrome/therapy , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Sinoatrial Node , Bradycardia/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Prevalence , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Ventricles
12.
West Indian med. j ; 67(1): 84-88, Jan.-Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045805

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Non-compaction cardiomyopathy is a rare form of cardiac disease that presents with symptoms of congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias or thromboembolism. Within the Caribbean setting, there are limited data regarding its existence. We present a case of non-compaction cardiomyopathy, diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, with the use of established criteria. It is interesting to highlight such a condition within the small Caribbean population, especially given its link to heritability and the ease with which it can be mistaken for a dilated cardiomyopathy.


RESUMEN La miocardiopatía no compactada o espongiforme es una forma rara de enfermedad cardíaca que se presenta con síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva, arritmias ventriculares o tromboembolismos. En el entorno caribeño, hay datos limitados sobre su existencia. Presentamos un caso de cardiomiopatía no compactada, diagnosticada mediante ecocardiograma transtorácico y resonancia magnética cardíaca, con el uso de criterios establecidos. Es interesante destacar tal condición dentro de la pequeña población caribeña, especialmente dada su relación con la heredabilidad y la facilidad con la que se le puede confundir con una miocardiopatía dilatada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnostic imaging , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/complications , Heart Failure/etiology
13.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 31(1): 23-26, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-905746

ABSTRACT

Relatamos o caso de paciente do sexo masculino, com 23 anos de idade, portador de miocárdio não compactado e taquicardia ventricular monomórfica sustentada. O paciente foi submetido a implante de cardiodesfibrilador implantável após diagnóstico confirmado por meio de ressonância nuclear magnética cardíaca e mantido em tratamento clínico com medicação antiarrítmica, sem recorrência de arritmia ventricular no acompanhamento ambulatorial


We report the case of a 23-year-old male patient with noncompacted myocardium and sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. The patient was submitted to mplantable cardioverter defibrillator after diagnosis confirmed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and was kept on clinical treatment with antiarrhythmic medication without the recurrence of ventricular arrhythmia in the outpatient follow-up


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/complications , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/diagnosis , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnosis , Tachycardia, Ventricular/diagnosis , Amiodarone/administration & dosage , Death, Sudden , Echocardiography/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Rate , Metoprolol/administration & dosage
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 63-71, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742503

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Diagnostic criteria for left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) are still a matter of dispute. The aim of our present study was to test the diagnostic value of two novel diagnostic cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) parameters: proof of non-compact (NC) myocardium blood flow using T2 sequences and changes in geometry of the left ventricle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included cases with LVNC and controls, from a data base formed in a period of 3.5 years (n=1890 exams), in which CMR protocol included T2 sequences. Measurement of perpendicular maximal and minimal end diastolic dimensions in the region with NC myocardium from short axis plane was recorded, and calculated as a ratio (MaxMinEDDR), while flow through trabecula was proven by intracavital T2-weighted hyperintensity (ICT2HI). LVNC diagnosis met the following three criteria: thickening of compact (C) layer, NC:C>2.3:1 and NC>20%LV. RESULTS: The study included 200 patients; 71 with LVNC (35.5%; i.e., 3.76% of CMRs) and 129 (64.5%) controls. MaxMinEDDR in patients with LVNC was significantly different from that in controls (1.17±0.08 vs. 1.06±0.04, respectively; p 1.10 had sensitivity of 91.6% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 82.5–96.8], specificity of 85.3% (95% CI 78.0–90.0), and area under curve (AUC) 0.919 (95% CI 0.872–0.953; p < 0.001) for LVNC. Existence of ICT2HI had sensitivity of 100.0% (95% CI 94.9–100.0), specificity of 91.5% (95% CI 85.3–95.7), and AUC 0.957 (95% CI 0.919–0.981; p < 0.001) for LVNC. CONCLUSION: Two additional diagnostic parameters for LVNC were identified in this study. ICT2HI and geometric eccentricity of the ventricle both had relatively high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing LVNC.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Area Under Curve , Case-Control Studies , Gadolinium/chemistry , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , ROC Curve
18.
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(4): 358-361, 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-877330

ABSTRACT

Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare form of cardiomyopathy characterized by prominent left ventricular (LV) trabeculae, deep intertrabecular recesses, and the thin compacted layer. The disease is potentially associated with sudden cardiac death due to LV dysfunction and ventricular arrhythmias. The presence of accessory pathway and Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is particularly rare in adults. Here we describe the rare association of LVNC and ventricular pre-excitation in an 18-year-old female with neonatal hypoxic brain injury (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnosis , Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome/diagnosis , Cardiomyopathies/diagnosis , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/physiopathology
20.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 18(1/2): 30-36, ene.-dic. 2016. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960258

ABSTRACT

ResumenLa miocardiopatía ventricular no compacta (NCVI) es una afección rara con alta morbilidad y mortalidad debido a arritmias malignas, embolia trombótica sistémica e insuficiencia cardíaca. Se cree que la NCVI es causada por una interrupción en el proceso normal de compactación miocárdica. La compactación normal del miocardio embrionario procede del epicar dio al endocardio y de la base al ápice. En la embriogénesis temprana, el corazón se compone de malla suelta de fibras musculares que normalmente se condensan gradualmente, este proceso es más pronunciado en el lado izquierdo que en el lado derecho. Una compactación insuficiente del miocardio dará como resultado múltiples trabeculaciones ventricu lares prominentes y recesos inter trabeculares, afectando predominantemente el endocardio ventricular y el ápice del VI (ventrículo izquierdo). La miocardiopatía no compacta del ventricular izquierdo se puede producir de manera aislada o en asociación con defectos congénitos del corazón, síndromes genéticos y trastornos neuromusculares, entre otros.Presentamos un caso de un paciente masculino de 42 años de edad, con disnea y hallazgos electrocardiográficos de bloqueo de rama izquierda del Haz de His. Fue referido a cardiología para su valoración. Se le realizó un ecocardiogra ma que reveló un aumento de trabeculaciones y recesos profundos intertrabeculares en la pared del endocardio de ambos ventrículos.


AbstractLeft ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a rare condition associated with high morbidity and mortality due to malignant arrhythmias, systemic thrombotic embolism and heart failure. LVNC is thought to be caused by an arrest in the normal myocardial compaction process during early intrauterine life. Normal compaction of the embryonic myocardium proceeds from the epicardium to the endocardium and from the base of the heart to the apex. During early embryogenesis, the heart consists of loose mesh of muscle fibers that will gradually become compressed, this process is more pronounced in the left ventricle. An insufficient compaction of the myocardium will result in multiple prominent ventricular trabeculations and inter trabecular recesses that will predominantly affect the ventricular endocardium and the apex of the LV. Non-compaction of the left ventricular myocardium can occur in isolation, or in association with other conditions such as congenital heart defects (CHDs), genetic syndromes, and/or neuromuscular disorders, among others.We report the case of a 42 year-old male patient with dyspnea and ECG findings of left bundle branch block, who was referred to the Cardiology Department for evaluation. The echocardiogram performed revealed increased trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses in the endocardial wall of both ventricles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Costa Rica , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Diseases , Myocardium
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