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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760995

ABSTRACT

Despite recent innovation in treatment techniques and subsequently improved outcomes, the majority of glioblastoma (GBL) have relapses, especially in locoregional areas. Local re-irradiation (re-RT) has been established as a feasible option for recurrent GBL of all ages with safety, tolerability, and effectiveness both in survival and quality of life regardless of fractionation schedule. To keep adverse effects under acceptable range, cumulative dose limit in equivalent dose at 2 Gy fractions by the linear-quadratic model at α/β = 2 for normal brain tissue (EQD2) with narrow margin should be observed and single/hypofractionated re-RT should be undertaken very carefully to recurrent tumor with large volume or adjacent to the brainstem. Promising outcome of re-operation (re-Op) plus re-RT (re-Op/RT) need to be validated and result from re-RT with temozolomide/bevacizumab (TMZ/BV) or new strategy is expected. Development of new-concept prognostic scoring or risk group is required to select patients properly and make use of predictive biomarkers such as O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promotor methylation that influence outcomes of re-RT, re-Op/RT, or re-RT with TMZ/BV.


Subject(s)
Appointments and Schedules , Biomarkers , Brain , Brain Stem , Glioblastoma , Humans , Methylation , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Quality of Life , Re-Irradiation , Recurrence
2.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(1): 7-14, ene. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902616

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) have a five years survival of less than 5%, but the response to chemotherapy with alkylating agents can vary depending on the methylation status of O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT). Genetic testing has limitations for routine use, while immunohistochemistry (IHC) offers a fast and affordable technique but with heterogeneous results in the literature. Aim: To evaluate MGMT expression by IHC in tumor tissue of Chilean patients with GBM. Material and Methods: Tumor samples of 29 patients with a pathological diagnosis of GBM were studied. We performed IHC staining and manual analysis of positive and negative cells for MGMT expression. A cut-off of at least 10% of cells expressing MGMT was used. Demographic and clinical features of patients were obtained from clinical records. Results: The median number of cells counted per case was 692 (interquartile range [IQR] 492-928). Fifteen cases (52%) were positive for MGMT expression. Median overall survival was 5.3 months (IQR 3.4-12-8). The effect of MGMT expression on the therapeutic response was not studied since only 3 patients received chemotherapy. Conclusions: Our results are similar to international reports, but we were not able to determine the association between MGMT expression and therapeutic response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Brain Neoplasms/enzymology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Glioblastoma/enzymology , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase/metabolism , Prognosis , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Chile , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Glioblastoma/genetics , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 115-122, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320560

ABSTRACT

O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) can remove DNA alkylation adducts, thereby repairing damaged DNA and contributing to the drug resistance of gliomas to alkylating agents. In addition, glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) have been demonstrated to be involved in the recurrence and treatment resistance of gliomas. In this study, we aimed to investigate MGMT expression and regulatory mechanisms in GSCs and the association of MGMT with temozolomide (TMZ) sensitivity. GSCs were enriched from one MGMT-positive cell line (SF-767) and 7 MGMT-negative cell lines (U251, SKMG-4, SKMG-1, SF295, U87, MGR1, and MGR2) through serum-free clone culture. GSCs from the U251G, SKMG-4G, SF295G, and SKMG-1G cell lines became MGMT-positive, but those from the U87G, MGR1G, and MGR2G cell lines remained MGMT-negative. However, all the GSCs and their parental glioma cell lines were positive for nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). In addition, GSCs were more resistant to TMZ than their parental glioma cell lines (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) of TMZ between MGMT-positive and MGMT-negative GSCs (P > 0.05). When we treated the MGMT-positive GSCs with TMZ plus MG-132 (an NF-κB inhibitor), the antitumor activity was significantly enhanced compared to that of GSCs treated with TMZ alone (P <0.05). Furthermore, we found that MGMT expression decreased through the down-regulation of NF-κB expression by MG-132. Our results show that MG-132 may inhibit NF-κB expression and further decrease MGMT expression, resulting in a synergistic effect on MGMT-positive GSCs. These results indicate that enhanced MGMT expression contributes to TMZ resistance in MGMT-positive GSCs.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Dacarbazine , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drug Synergism , Glioma , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Leupeptins , Pharmacology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Metabolism , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1223-1227, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321686

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) on cervical cancer and cervix precancerous lesion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>74 patients with cervix squamous cell carcinoma(SCC), 52 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasm I (CIN I), 60 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasm II - II (CIN II-III)and 58 patients with histologically diagnosed cervix inflammation(CI), were included in this study. Information as demography, reproductive history, life style, HPV infection were collected. Western Blot were used to detect the expression of DNMT1 protein and MeCP2 protein. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of DNMT1 and MeCP2 mRNA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Levels of DNMT1 and MeCP2 protein expression increased gradually with the deterioration of cervical lesion (H = 94.33, P < 0.001;F = 21.580, P < 0.001). Along with the deterioration of cervical lesion, levels of DNMT1 and MeCP2 mRNA expression were gradually increasing( F = 4.758, P = 0.003; F = 7.804, P < 0.001). Data from Correlation analysis showed that both protein (r = 0.287, P < 0.001) and mRNA(r = 0.179, P = 0.005)were positive correlated with DNMT1 and MeCP2.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>of our study indicated that there was an additive interaction between high-expression of DNMT1 protein and high-expression of MeCP2 protein in SCC or CIN II-III. However, there was an additive interaction between high-expression of DNMT1 mRNA and high-expression of MeCP2 mRNA in SCC or CIN II-III.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Results from our study revealed the fact that both high expression of DNMT1 protein and high expression of MeCP2 protein could increase the risk of cervix cancerization. According to our findings, there might be a synergistic action existed between DNMT1 and MeCP2 during the progression of cervix cancelation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 , Metabolism , Middle Aged , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 752-758, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320145

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 1p and 19q with the expression of MGMT, p53 and Ki-67 proteins in gliomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and forty six cases of gliomas (45 oligodendrogliomas, 42 oligodendroastrocytomas, and 59 astrocytomas) were included in this study. Their tissue and blood samples were retrospectively analyzed by PCR-denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) for 1p and 19q status and by immunohistochemistry for MGMT, p53 and Ki-67 expression patterns. The correlation among them and with clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed by chi-square test and t-test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the oligodendrogliomas, the positive rate of 1p LOH was 59.8%, significantly higher than 33.9% in astrocytomas (P = 0.002), and 1p and 19q LOH was 42.5%, significantly higher than 16.9% in astrocytomas (P = 0.001). Combined with LOH on 1p and 19q, low MGMT expression (65.5%), and high Ki-67 expression (54%) were more frequent in oligodendrogliomas, whereas high p53 expression was more frequent in astrocytomas and mixed tumors (75.2%). 1p LOH (72.5%) and low MGMT (87.5%) expressions were more frequent in grade II oligodendrogliomas, whereas high expressions of p53 (83.0%) and Ki-67 (76.6%) were more frequent in grade III oligodendrogliomas. In addition, high Ki-67 expression was more frequent in grade III astrocytomas. LOH on 1p and 19q LOH was more frequent in nontemporal oligodendrogliomas (55.6%) than that in temporal ones (22.2%, P = 0.002). Non-random associations were found between LOH 1p and 19q LOH, MGMT and p53 protein expressions, and MGMT and Ki-67 protein expressions (all P < 0.05), whereas mutual exclusions were found between LOH on 1p and 19q and p53 expression, and LOH 1p and Ki-67 expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There is a significant interrelationship of the investigated molecular markers and clinicopathological features of gliomas, which support a promising role of molecular markers in guiding diagnostic assessment and clinical management of gliomas.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Astrocytoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Child , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 , Genetics , Female , Glioma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Loss of Heterozygosity , Male , Middle Aged , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Metabolism , Oligodendroglioma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism , Young Adult
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2589-2592, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292839

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and lethal primary brain tumor in adults. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely used in the diagnosis, characterization and clinical management of GBM. The diagnosis and treatment of GBM is largely guided by histopathology and immunohistochemistry. This study aimed to identify the relationship between magnetic resonance features and molecular pathology of GBM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MRI images of 43 glioblastoma patients were collected. Four imaging features, degree of edema, contrast tumor enhanced/T2 ratio, multiple lesions and tumor across the midline, were selected to identify their relationship with P53, Ki-67 and O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) expression in patients with GBM. The relationship between imaging features and molecular pathology was studied by chi-square test using the software SPSS 13.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>High expression of P53 was found correlated with low contrast tumor enhanced/T2 ratio, low expression of Ki-67 was correlated with multiple lesions and high expression of KI-67 may be related with tumor across the midline, low expression of MGMT was correlated with edema.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Some MRI features such as the degree of edema, contrast tumor enhanced/T2 ratio, multiple lesions and tumor acrossing the midline are correlated with P53, Ki-67 and MGMT of GBM.</p>


Subject(s)
Edema , Metabolism , Pathology , Glioblastoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2605-2610, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292836

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Our previous study had cloned two glioma cell lines SWOZ1 and SWOZ2 isolated from parental glioma cell line SWO38. The 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) resistance of SWOZ1 was higher than that of SWOZ2. Since O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) was thought to be closely related to BCNU resistance in glioma, this study aimed to explore the function of MGMT in glioma resistant to BCNU.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A BCNU resistant glioma cell line SWOZ2-BCNU was established. The expression of MGMT was detected in SWOZ1, SWOZ2 and SWOZ2-BCNU. Small interferencing RNA targeting MGMT was used to silence the expression of MGMT in resistant cell lines SWOZ1 and SWOZ2-BCNU. The cytotoxicity of BCNU to these cells was measured using the cell counting kit-8 assay. Statistical analysis was carried out by one-way analysis of variance in statistical package SPSS 13.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The resistance of SWOZ1 and SWOZ2-BCNU against BCNU was 4.9-fold and 5.3-fold higher than that of SWOZ2. The results of quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting confirmed that MGMT was both significantly increased in SWOZ1 and SWOZ2-BCNU compared to SOWZ2. After transfection with small interferencing RNA targeting MGMT, a decreased level of MGMT mRNA expression in SWOZ1 and SWOZ2-BCNU for more than 75% compared to negative control was found and confirmed by Western blotting. As a result, the resistance against BCNU was reversed for about 50% both in the BCNU-resistant cell lines SWOZ1 and SWOZ2-BCNU.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Silencing MGMT with specific small interferencing RNA can reverse the BCNU resistant phenotype in these glioma cell lines. MGMT may play an important role both in intrinsic and acquired BCNU-resistance in glioma.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Carmustine , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Glioma , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sincalide , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266152

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate the mechanism of carcinogenesis induced by coke oven emissions by investigating the cell genetic damage index and the methylation of O⁶-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The human bronchial epithelial cell 16HBE was treated by 1 µmol/L B(a)P for 48 h, and then was exposed continuously to either 1‰ dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or organic extracts of coke oven emission (OE-COE) for five days at the concentrations of 0, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 µg/ml. The methylation-specific PCR (MSP-PCR), RT-PCR and immunoblotting were applied to detect the methylation status, changes of mRNA and protein of MGMT, respectively. Single cell gel electrophoresis was used to detect DNA damage induced by OE-COE.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group (DMSO), there was a significant hypermethylation in all study groups, along with the suppression of mRNA and protein in a dose-dependent manner, and the gradation ratio of them was 1.0, 0.96, 0.96, 0.85, 0.32 and 1.0, 1.0, 1.1, 0.41, 0.52, separately. There was a significant DNA damage with a dose-effect relationship in all study groups (F = 41.22, P < 0.05), and the comet Olive tail moment was (2.98 ± 1.43), (4.76 ± 1.79), (10.09 ± 1.75), (11.38 ± 1.77), (11.67 ± 1.88). The further study found that the index of DNA damage was negatively correlated to the expression of MGMT mRNA and its protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The DNA damage induced by COE might be associated with the suppression of MGMT caused by its hypermethylation.</p>


Subject(s)
Bronchi , Cell Biology , Cell Line , Coke , Comet Assay , DNA Damage , DNA Methylation , DNA Repair , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Gene Silencing , Humans , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237169

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate association between DNA methylation of MAL, CDKN2A, and MGMT in stool and development of colorectal cancer, and to evaluate the screening value of these biomarkers in colorectal cancer and pre-malignant lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Morning stool specimens were collected from 69 patients with colorectal cancer, 24 with colon adenoma, 19 with hyperplastic polyps, and 26 healthy controls. DNA was extracted and treated with bisulfite. Methylation-specific PCR(MSP) was performed for methylation analysis of MAL, CDKN2A and MGMT in DNA samples. Associations between clinicopathological features and gene methylation were analyzed. The sensitivity of diagnosis by combining three methylation markers was compared with fecal occult blood test(FOBT).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The methylation frequencies of MAL, CDKN2A and MGMT were 78.3%, 52.5% and 55.1% in colorectal cancer, 58.3%, 41.7% and 37.5% in colon adenomas, 26.3%, 15.8% and 10.5% in hyperplastic polyps, and 3.8%, 0 and 3.8% in healthy controls, respectively. Significant differences in three genes were found between colorectal cancer and hyperplastic polyp, colorectal cancer and healthy control, colon adenoma and hyperplastic polyp, colon adenoma and healthy control(all P<0.05). The diagnostic sensitivity by combining three methylation markers was 92.8% in colorectal cancer, 70.8% in colon adenomas, significantly higher than FOBT examination (29.0% in colorectal cancer and 25.0% in colon adenomas, all P<0.05). No significant associations existed between three genes methylation of the three genes and clinical characteristic including sex, age, tumor location, lymph node metastases and TNM stage (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DNA methylations levels of MAL, CDKN2A, and MGMT in stools are significantly higher in colorectal cancer and colon adenoma, which may serve as an noninvasive approach for the screening of colorectal cancer and pre-malignant lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , DNA Methylation , Early Detection of Cancer , Feces , Chemistry , Female , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , Middle Aged , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Precancerous Conditions , Diagnosis , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74860

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Functional inactivation of the O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene has been demonstrated as loss of MGMT protein and suggested that it plays an important role in primary human neoplasia, including lung cancer. It has also been reported to be associated with the G : C-->A : T transition mutation in the p53 gene of lung cancer. The aims of this study were to investigate the role of MGMT expression loss and its prognostic significance in non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs), and its correlation with p53 overexpression as well as influence on patient survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 112 surgically resected NSCLC specimens were reviewed by medical records for their clinicopathologic variables. Their tissue microarray blocks were immunostained with anti-human MGMT and p53 primary antibodies. Correlation between MGMT loss and the clinicopathologic prognostic factors, including p53 overexpression and the single or combined actions of MGMT loss and p53 overexpression on patient survival were statistically analyzed by SPSS15.0. RESULTS: Reduced or absent MGMT expression was found in 48 of 112 NSCLCs (43%), and significantly associated with nodal metastasis and squamous or undifferentiated cell types. Loss of MGMT expression was correlated with p53 overexpression in adenocarcinomas, but not in overall NSCLCs. Its solitary or combined actions with p53 overexpression did not have influence on patient survival. CONCLUSION: Loss of MGMT expression is a relatively common event in NSCLCs and significantly associated with nodal metastasis and p53 overexpression, suggesting that it may play a major role in pulmonary carcinogenesis, and also in disease progression of NSCLCs.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Antibodies , Disease Progression , DNA , Genes, p53 , Guanine , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 714-717, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344824

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) is a specific DNA revising enzyme transferring alkylated groups from DNA to its cysteine residue to avoid the abnormal twisting of DNA. Therefore, it is one of the drug resistant genes targeted in the treatment of cancer. This study explored the protective effect of MGMT gene transferred into mammalian cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mammalian expression vector containing the MGMT gene cloned from human hepatocytes by RT-PCR was constructed and transferred into K562 cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) via liposome, then assayed for gene expression at RNA and protein levels. MTT assay was used to check the drug resistance of cells transfected with MGMT gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MGMT gene was successfully cloned. Real-time PCR showed that the mRNA expression in gene transfected groups in K562 cell line and PBMC were 13.4 and 4.0 times that of the empty vector transfected groups respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>of Western blotting showed distinct higher expression of MGMT in gene transfected group than in other two groups. The IC(50) values increased to 7 and 2 times that of the original values respectively in stable transfected K562 cells and transient transfected PBMC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The alkylating resistance of eukaryotic cells is enhanced after being transfected with MGMT gene which protein product performs the protective function, and may provide the reference for the protective model of peripheral blood cells in cancer chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Genetics , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Nitrogen Mustard Compounds , Pharmacology , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Physiology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634307

ABSTRACT

The relationship between hypermethylation of CpG islands in the promoter regions of O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) genes and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma was explored. Methylation-specific PCR and semi-quantitative RT-PCR were used to study the promoter methylation and mRNA expression of the MGMT gene in laryngeal carcinoma tissues, tissues adjacent to the tumor and normal laryngeal tissues. Hypermethylation of MGMT gene was detected in 16 samples of 46 (34.8%) laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma samples. However, the MGMT hypermethylation was not detected in all tissues adjacent to the tumors and normal tissues. No significant difference in MGMT gene hypermethylation was found in samples with different histological grades (chi2 = 3.130, P = 0.077) or in samples from patients with different TNM status (chi2 = 3.957, P = 0.138). No expression of MGMT mRNA was detected in all hypermethylated laryngeal carcinoma tissues. The expression of MGMT mRNA was detected in all unmethylated laryngeal carcinoma tissues, tissues adjacent to the tumors and normal tissues. It suggests that MGMT gene promoter hypermethylation is associated with MGMT gene transcription loss in laryngeal carcinoma tissues and possibly plays an important role in carcinogenesis of laryngeal tissues.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , CpG Islands/genetics , DNA Methylation , DNA Repair , Laryngeal Neoplasms/genetics , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343054

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the methylation of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and p16 gene in the sputum cells of radon-exposed population. To provide the experimental base for finding the molecular biomarker of the high risk population of the radon-induced lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>91 radon-exposed workers were divided into 4 groups, high dosage group (> 120 WLM), middle dosage group (between 60 and 120 WLM), low dosage group (between 30 and 60 WLB) and lower dosage group (between 2 and 30 WLM) according to the accumulated exposure dosage of the radon daughters. The abnormal methylation of p16 and MGMT gene in the sputum cells of the population in the four groups was detected with the methylation specific PCR (MSP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was significantly upward trend for the p16 gene methylation rate (0.00%-20.00%), the MGMT gene methylation rate (0.00%-28.00%) and the total methylation rate (0.00%-40.00%) with the increase of the accumulated exposure dosage of the radon daughters (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The methylation of p16 and MGMT gene is related to the accumulate exposure dosage of the radon daughters.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinogens, Environmental , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Humans , Male , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Occupational Exposure , Radon , Radon Daughters , Sputum , Metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8392

ABSTRACT

The hypermethylation of the CpG islands is a common mechanism for the inactivation of tumor-related genes. In the present study, we analyzed the methylation status of genes for cell repair such as hMLH1, MGMT, and GSTP1, and a gastric cancer-specifically methylated DNA fragment, MINT 25 in gastric cancer cases and control groups. The study population consisted of 100 gastric cancer patients (50 distal and 50 proximal carcinomas), and 238 healthy controls. All genes showed more frequent hypermethylation in the cases than in the control group (p<0.0001). We investigated the association between promoter hypermethylation and relevant parameters including age, gender, alcohol consumption, smoking, and family history. There was a common hypermethylation of hMLH1 (p=0.008), MGMT (p= 0.0001), and GSTP1 (p=0.0003) in females. This study also demonstrates that hypermethylation was strongly associated with non-drinkers (MGMT, p=0.046 and MINT 25, p=0.049) and non-smokers (hMLH1, p=0.044; MGMT, p=0.0003; MINT 25, p=0.029). Moreover, the frequency of MINT 25 hypermethylation increased with age (p=0.037), and MGMT methylation was frequently detected in distal gastric cancer than in proximal type (p=0.038). Our study suggested that promoter hypermethylation of the genes involved in cell repair system and MINT 25 is associated strongly with some subgroups of primary gastric carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , DNA Methylation , Female , Glutathione Transferase/genetics , Humans , Isoenzymes/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study DNA damages of liver cells in rats exposed to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), and the expressions of DNA damage repair enzymes including O(6)-methyl guanine-DNA methyl transferase (MGMT), X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3); and to explore the repair mechanism of DNA damage induced by VCM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rats were exposed to VCM by intraperitoneal injection. DNA damages were detected by single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). The expressions of DNA damage repair enzymes were measured by immunohistochemical methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentages of comet cells in low, moderate, and high dose groups (11.75%, 12.38%, and 17.63%, respectively) were greater than that of control (5.67%). The latter two groups were significantly different from that of control (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The expressions of MGMT and XRCC1 decreased, and XRCC3 increased with the dose of VCM increased. DNA damage was correlated with the expression of XRCC3 (r = 0.438, P = 0.067).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VCM can cause DNA damage of liver cells with dose-response relationship. DNA damage repair enzymes take part in the repairing of DNA damage induced by VCM.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinogens , Toxicity , DNA Damage , DNA Repair , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Liver , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Male , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vinyl Chloride , Toxicity , X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244232

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (hMGMT) in the development of human lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method was applied to measure hMGMT mRNA expression in 150 lung cancer specimens, 40 normal lung tissues, and in the peripheral mononuclear blood cells from 50 lung cancer cases and 50 normal controls. The protein expressions of p53, C-MYC and K-RAS were assessed by immuno-histochemistry. The effects of some exposure factors on the expression of hMGMT gene were analyzed. The relationships between hMGMT gene and cancer related genes p53, C-MYC and K-RAS were investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA of hMGMT was low or absent in 49 of 150 (32.7%) lung cancer specimens, whereas 2 of 40 (5%) normal lung tissues had reduced the levels of hMGMT mRNA. The low expression of hMGMT seemed to be a risk factor of lung cancer, with a OR of 9.22 (2.05-57.65). Reduced expression levels of hMGMT mRNA were observed in 10 of 50 (20%) lung cancer patients' peripheral mononuclear blood cells, and 2 of 50 (4%) blood cells among normal controls. When investigating the exposure factors which affecting the expression of hMGMT gene, we noticed that smoking was suppressing the expression of hMGMT gene. Interestingly, over-expression of K-RAS oncogene was significantly correlated with low expression of hMGMT (P < 0.05). However, the expressions of p53 and C-myc were not correlated with the status of hMGMT gene.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>hMGMT might play an important role in the development of human lung cancer. Low expression of hMGMT gene seemed to be a risk factor for lung cancer which could be used as a valuable biomarker on susceptibility of human lung cancers.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , China , Epidemiology , DNA Repair , Genetics , Female , Genes, ras , Genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Point Mutation , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Smoking , ras Proteins , Genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278130

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a drug-resistance cell line of human glioma mediated by MGMT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Simulated the clinical usage of BCNU to establish a BCNU-resistant human glioma subline by cyclic exposing the U251 parent cells to a constant concentration of BCNU. The resistance index and the expression of MGMT mRNA of U251/BCNU were detected and compared the difference of in vitro proliferation between U251 and U251/BCNU.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A subline--U251/BCNU was successfully established in about 4-month culture, which had a stable resistance to BCNU. U251/BCNU cells showed 17-fold higher resistance to BCNU than did U251 cells by MTT assay, while U251/BCNU cells expressed MGMT mRNA. The doubling time of U251 and U251/BCNU had no statistical difference.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A drug-resistance cell line of human glioma mediated by MGMT is established, which could provide experimental basis for further studies on the resistance mechanism and reversal methods of glioma chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Brain Neoplasms , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Modification Methylases , Genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Glioma , Pathology , Humans , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Metabolism , Physiology
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-127189

ABSTRACT

Hypermethylation of CpG island is a common mechanism for the inactivation of tumor-related genes. In the present study, we analyzed 13 genitourinary cancer cell lines for aberrant DNA methylation of 5 tumor-related genes using methylation- specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP). GSTP1 was methylated in 5 (38.5%), E-cadherin in 1 (8%), VHL in 1 (8%), and MGMT and hMLH1 in none (0%). Six out of thirteen genitourinary cancer cell lines had methylation of at least one of five genes; 5 had one gene methylated, and, 1 had two genes methylated. Methylation of these 5 genes was not detected in any of the bladder cancer cell lines. GSTP1 was methylated in all of the 3 prostate cancer cell lines. We conclude that aberrant hypermethylation may be an important mechanism for the inactivation of cancer-related genes in kidney and prostate cancer cell lines.


Subject(s)
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , DNA Methylation , DNA Primers , Genetic Testing/methods , Glutathione Transferase/genetics , Humans , Isoenzymes/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Ligases/genetics , Male , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Urogenital Neoplasms/genetics
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