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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 416-428, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939880

ABSTRACT

Abivertinib, a third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is originally designed to target epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-activating mutations. Previous studies have shown that abivertinib has promising antitumor activity and a well-tolerated safety profile in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. However, abivertinib also exhibited high inhibitory activity against Bruton's tyrosine kinase and Janus kinase 3. Given that these kinases play some roles in the progression of megakaryopoiesis, we speculate that abivertinib can affect megakaryocyte (MK) differentiation and platelet biogenesis. We treated cord blood CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells, Meg-01 cells, and C57BL/6 mice with abivertinib and observed megakaryopoiesis to determine the biological effect of abivertinib on MK differentiation and platelet biogenesis. Our in vitro results showed that abivertinib impaired the CFU-MK formation, proliferation of CD34+ HSC-derived MK progenitor cells, and differentiation and functions of MKs and inhibited Meg-01-derived MK differentiation. These results suggested that megakaryopoiesis was inhibited by abivertinib. We also demonstrated in vivo that abivertinib decreased the number of MKs in bone marrow and platelet counts in mice, which suggested that thrombopoiesis was also inhibited. Thus, these preclinical data collectively suggested that abivertinib could inhibit MK differentiation and platelet biogenesis and might be an agent for thrombocythemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acrylamides/pharmacology , Blood Platelets/drug effects , Cell Differentiation , Megakaryocytes/drug effects , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Piperazines/pharmacology , Pyrimidines/pharmacology
2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 937-943, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism by which berberine inhibits ferroptosis of mouse hippocampal neuronal cells (HT22).@*METHODS@#Cultured HT22 cells were pretreated with 30 or 60 μmol/L berberine for 2 h before exposure to 0.5 μmol/L erastin for 8 h, and the cell proliferation, intracellular ferric iron level, changes in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell apoptosis were detected using CCK-8, Fe2+ fluorescent probe, fluorescent dye (DAPI) and fluorescent probe (H2DCFH-DA). RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 in the cells. We further tested the effects of treatments with 2 μmol/L ML385 (a Nrf2 inhibitor), 60 μmol/L berberine and erastin in the cells to explore the protective mechanism of berberine against erastin-induced ferroptosis in the neuronal cells.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with 0.5 μmol/L erastin significantly lowered the viability of HT22 cells (P < 0.05) and increased the production of ROS, cell apoptosis rate and ferric iron level (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with 30 and 60 μmol/L berberine both significantly increased the vitality of erastin-exposed cells (P < 0.05) and lowered the levels of intracellular ROS and ferric iron content (P < 0.05). RT-qPCR and Western blotting showed that berberine obviously promoted the expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 in the cells (P < 0.05), and treatment with ML385 significantly inhibited the Nrf2-HO-1/GPX4 pathway, increased intracellular ROS and ferric iron contents and mitigated the protective effect of berberine against erastin-induced ferroptosis (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Berberine can inhibit erastin-induced ferroptosis in HT22 cells possibly by activating the Nrf2-HO-1/ GPX4 pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Berberine/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Fluorescent Dyes , Hippocampus/metabolism , Iron/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Piperazines , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 297-307, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935214

ABSTRACT

The mutation rate of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer is 3% to 7%. Due to its low mutation rate and better long-term survival compared with epidermal growth factor receptor-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients, therefore, it's called "diamond mutation". At present, there are three generations of ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) drugs in the world. The first-generation ALK-TKI drug approved in China is crizotinib, and the second-generation drugs are alectinib, ceritinib and ensartinib. Among them, ensartinib is an ALK-TKI domestically developed, and its efficacy is similar to that of alectinib. The main adverse event is transient rash, and compliance to ensartinib is better from the perspective of long-term survival of patients. The manifestation of rash caused by ensartinib is different from that of other ALK-TKI drugs. In order to facilitate clinical application and provide patients with more treatment options, under the guidance of the Committee of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care of China Anti-Cancer Association, this article collects and summarizes the common adverse reactions of ensartinib. Based on the clinical practice, a clear adverse classification and specific treatment plan are formulated, in order to provide a corresponding reference for clinicians to make more comprehensive clinical decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Carbazoles/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Consensus , Exanthema/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Piperazines , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Pyridazines
4.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 25(2): 101572, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278573

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Dolutegravir (DTG) is amongst the most prescribed antiretrovirals worldwide and is recommended as first line regimen in most HIV treatment guidelines. Its use, although infrequently, had been associated to an increased chance of neural tube defects (NTD) in Botswana, Africa. Herein we describe two cases of NTD in women who conceived while taking DTG as part of their antiretroviral treatment in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Neural Tube Defects , Oxazines , Piperazines , Pyridones , Brazil , Africa , Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 456-461, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of domestic imatinib (made in China) in patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia chronic phase(CML-CP).@*METHODS@#Fifty-seven newly diagnosed CML-CP patients who did not receive any other anti-CML treatment were treated by domestic imatinib 400 mg once a day. The hematological, cytogenetic and molecular reactions and safety were observed and evaluated after 3, 6 and 12 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-six patients were treated for ≥3 and 6 months, among which 50 patients were treated for ≥12 months. After 3 months of treatment, 49 patients underwent hematological examination, 47 patients (95.9%) achieved complete hematological response (CHR), 49 patients underwent cytogenetic examination, 39 patients (79.6%) achieved major cytogenetic response (MCyR), and 12 patients (24.5%) achieved complete cytogenetic response (CCyR). 49 patients underwent the level of BCR-ABL test, including 41 patients (83.7%) with BCR-ABL@*CONCLUSION@#In the real world, Domestics imatinib mesylate is effective and safe in the treatment of newly diagnosed CML-CP patients, but long-term follow-up data are still necessary to verify its long-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Benzamides/therapeutic use , China , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Piperazines , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
6.
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(3): 366-369, July-Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134844

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Imatinib, which inhibits tyrosine kinase activity of Bcr-Abl protein, is a standard form of treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Through its immunomodulatory effect it affects T cell function in a number of ways. It inhibits antigen-induced T cell activation and proliferation. Antigen-specific T-cells and macrophages are vital for protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Here we present a case of renal tuberculosis associated with imatinib therapy in the maintenance phase of CML. With granulomatous interstitial nephritis and positive tubercular DNA on renal biopsy, the condition was successfully treated with anti-tubercular therapy. This case provides support to the hypothesis that imatinib therapy in CML increases the susceptibility to tuberculosis and strict vigilance is required to enable its early detection and treatment.


RESUMO O imatinibe, um inibidor da atividade da tirosina-quinase da proteína BCR-ABL, faz parte do padrão de tratamento para leucemia mieloide crônica (LMC). Por conta de seu efeito imunomodulador, o imatinibe afeta a função dos linfócitos T de várias maneiras ao inibir a sua ativação e proliferação induzidas por antígenos. Linfócitos T e macrófagos antígeno-específicos são vitais para a proteção contra o Mycobacterium tuberculosis. O presente artigo relata um caso de tuberculose renal associada a terapia com imatinibe na fase de manutenção da LMC. Com nefrite intersticial granulomatosa e positividade para DNA de M. tuberculosis na biópsia renal, o paciente foi tratado com sucesso com terapia antituberculínica. O presente caso corrobora a hipótese de que a terapia com imatinibe na LMC aumenta a suscetibilidade à tuberculose, exigindo vigilância rigorosa para permitir sua detecção e tratamento precoces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tuberculosis, Renal/chemically induced , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Imatinib Mesylate/administration & dosage , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Piperazines/therapeutic use , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Benzamides/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects
7.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(2): 150-159, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132431

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Latent HIV-1 is a major hurdle in obtaining HIV-1 sustained virological remission (SVR). Here we explored histone deacetylation inhibition property of nicotinamide (NAM; n = 17) for the first time in comparison to a combination of methyltransferase inhibitors (MTIs; Chaetocin and BIX01294; n = 25) to reactivate latent HIV ex vivo in CD8-depleted PBMCs from antiretroviral treated aviremic individuals. Results: NAM reactivated HIV-1 from 13/17 (76.4%) samples compared to 20/25 (80.0%) using MTIs with mean viral load (VLs) of 4.32 and 3.22 log10 RNA copies/mL, respectively (p = 0.004). Mean purging time after NAM and MTIs stimulation was 5.1 and 6.75 days, respectively (p = 0.73). Viral purging in autologous cultures exhibited blunted HIV recovery with fluctuating VLs followed by a complete viral extinction when expanded in allogenic system. Electron microscopy from five supernatants revealed anomalous viral particles, with lack of complete viral genomes when characterized by ultradeep sequencing through metagenomics approach (n = 4). Conclusion: NAM alone was more potent HIV-1 activator than combination of MTIs, with potential of clinical use.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quinazolines/pharmacology , Azepines/pharmacology , Virus Activation/drug effects , HIV Infections/virology , HIV-1/drug effects , Niacinamide/pharmacology , Methyltransferases/antagonists & inhibitors , Piperazines/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/virology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Virus Latency , Viral Load/drug effects , Viral Tropism/drug effects
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 601-604, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of filiform fire needling on moderate and severe pain in advanced cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with moderate and severe pain in advanced cancer were randomly divided into an observation group (34 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The two groups were treated with oral analgesics continuously for 4 weeks. The moderate pain patients was given bucinnazine hydrochloride tablets (starting at 30 mg, once every 6 hours, increasing by 30%-50% until the titration volume was reached), and the severe pain patients were given oxycodone hydrochloride sustained-release tablets (starting at 20 mg every 12 hours and increasing by 25%-50% until the titration volume was reached). The observation group was cooperated with filiform fire needling at point, Zusanli (ST 36), Liangqiu (ST 34), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan(CV 4), Quchi (LI 11) and Waiguan (TE 5) once every other day for 4 weeks. The changes of numerical rating scales (NRS) scores were observed in both groups before and after treatment, and the amount of analgesics and the incidence of adverse reactions were recorded. The clinical effects in the two groups were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The effective rate was 90.0% (27/30) in the observation group, which was higher than 66.7% (20/30) in the control group (<0.05). After treatment, the NRS scores of both groups were lower than those before treatment (<0.05), and the reducing degree in the observation group was larger than that in the control group (<0.05). The average dosage of bunarizine hydrochloride tablets and oxycodone hydrochloride sustained release tablets to titration volume in the observation group was less than that in the control group (<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions was 23.3% (28/120) in the observation group, which was lower than 44.2% (53/120) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Filiform fire needling can alleviate pain symptoms of patients with moderate and severe pain in advanced cancer, reduce the amount of analgesics, and decrease the incidence of adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesics , Therapeutic Uses , Cancer Pain , Therapeutics , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Oxycodone , Therapeutic Uses , Pain Management , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1784-1792, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of palbociclib on cell cycle progression and proliferation of human renal tubular epithelial cells.@*METHODS@#Human renal tubular epithelial cell line HK-2 was treated with 1, 5, 10, and 20 μmol/L of palbociclib, and the changes in cell proliferation and viability were examined by cell counting and CCK8 assay. EDU staining was used to assess the proliferation of HK-2 cells following palbiciclib treatment at different concentrations for 5 days. The effect of palbociclib on cell cycle distribution of HK-2 cells was evaluated using flow cytometry. SA-β-Gal staining and C12FDG senescence staining were used to detect senescence phenotypes of HK-2 cells after palbociclib treatment at different concentrations for 5 days. The relative mRNA expression levels of P16, P21, and P53 and the genes associated with senescence-related secretion phenotypes were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expressions of P16, P21 and P53 were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Palbociclib inhibited HK-2 cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest in G1 phase. Compared with the control cells, HK-2 cells treated with high-dose (10 μmol/L) palbociclib exhibited significantly suppressed cell proliferation activity, and the inhibitory effect was the most obvious on day 5 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Palbociclib induces HK-2 cell senescence by causing cell growth arrest and delaying cell cycle progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cellular Senescence , Epithelial Cells , Piperazines/pharmacology , Pyridines/pharmacology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1826-1830, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effects of Olaparib on natural killer cell activating receptor (NKG2D) ligands expression on human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line HL-60, and to explore the molecular mechanism of Olaparib on HL-60 cells.@*METHODS@#After HL-60 cells in logarithmic growth phase were treated with Olaparib at different concentrations for different times (24, 48 h), the expression of NKG2D ligand on the surface of HL-60 cells was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to dectect the expression of ERK expression in HL-60 cells. The killing effect of NK cells to HL-60 cells was detected by CFSE/PI method.@*RESULTS@#10 μmol/L Olaparib could upregulate the expression of NKG2D ligand on the surface of HL-60 cell at 24 and 48 hours, while 5 μmol/L Olaparib could induce up-regulation of the expression of ULBP-2 and ULBP-3 at 48 hours. Western blot analysis showed that ERK phosphorylation of HL-60 cells was enhanced after treating with Olaparib. The killing effect of NK cells to HL-60 cells could be enhanced by Olaparib, however, ERK inhibitor could suppress the killing effect of NK cells to HL-60 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Olaparib can upregulate NKG2D ligands expression on the surface of HL-60 cells and enhance the cytotoxicity of NK cell to HL-60 cells. The mechanism may be related to Olaparib promoting ERK phosphorylation expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , HL-60 Cells , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Ligands , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K , Phthalazines , Piperazines , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 1018-1022, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of blocking the activation of ERK pathway on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and the formation of cerebral edema in SD rats after brain injury.@*METHODS@#Ninety SD rats were randomly divided into 3 equal groups, including a sham-operated group, modified Feeney's traumatic brain injury model group, and ERK inhibition group where the ERK inhibitor SCH772984 (500 μg/kg) was injected via the femoral vein 15 min before brain trauma. At 2 h and 2 days after brain trauma, the permeability of blood-brain barrier was assessed by Evans blue method, the water content of the brain tissue was determined, and the phosphorylation level of ERK and the expression level of MMP-9 mRNA and protein were measured by RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operated group, the rats with brain trauma exhibited significantly increased level of ERK phosphorylation at 2 h and significantly increased expression of MMP-9 mRNA and protein 2 days after the injury ( < 0.01). Treatment with the ERK inhibitor significantly decreased the phosphorylation level of ERK after the injury ( < 0.01), suppressed over-expression of MMP-9 mRNA and protein 2 days after the injury ( < 0.01). The permeability of blood-brain barrier increased significantly 2 h after brain trauma ( < 0.05) and increased further at 2 days ( < 0.01); the water content of the brain did not change significantly at 2 h ( > 0.05) but increased significantly 2 d after the injury ( < 0.01). Treatment with the ERK inhibitor significantly lowered the permeability of blood-brain barrier and brain water content after brain trauma ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Blocking the activation of ERK pathway significantly reduced the over-expression of MMP-9 and alleviates the damage of blood-brain barrier and traumatic brain edema, suggesting that ERK signaling pathway plays an important role in traumatic brain edema by regulating the expression of MMP-9.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Brain Edema , Drug Therapy , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Drug Therapy , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Indazoles , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Genetics , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(9): e00115518, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039422

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We evaluated adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and its associated factors according to the type of regimen in patients initiating treatment in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. We measured adherence using the eight items Morisky Therapeutic Adhesion Scale (MMAS-8) and compared the use of "backbone" tenofovir/lamivudine plus efavirenz one tablet once-daily (STR) or dolutegravir in multi-tablet once-daily (MTR-DTG), or other multi-tablet regimens (MTR-other). We conducted a multivariate logistic regression analysis to address factors associated with adherence. A total of 393 patients were included, 254 used STR, 106 MTR-DTG, and 33 MTR-other. The overall adhesion rate was 44.8% (95%CI: 39.4; 50.1), 50% for MTR-DTG, 43.3% for STR and 39.4% for MTR-other. Multivariate analysis showed a higher chance of adherence among patients using MTR-DTG, those who received and understood counseling about their treatment and with a higher quality of life. Prior use of illicit drugs in the lifetime was associated with poorer adherence. Overall adherence was low, highlighting the need for strategies focusing on counseling about medicines and substance use. Pill burden was not an issue for patients using MTR-DTG once-daily, who achieved better results.


Resumo: Avaliamos a adesão à terapia antirretroviral (TARV) e fatores associados de acordo com o tipo de esquema em pacientes no início do tratamento em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Mensuramos a adesão com a Escala de Adesão Terapêutica de Morisky, de oito itens (MMAS-8), e comparamos o uso de tenofovir/lamivudina com efavirenz, um comprimido uma vez ao dia (STR), ou dolutegravir em múltiplos comprimidos uma vez ao dia (MTR-DTG), com outros esquemas com múltiplos comprimidos ao dia (MTR-outros). Conduzimos uma análise de regressão logística multivariada para avaliar os fatores associados à adesão. Foram incluídos 393 pacientes: 254 em uso de STR, 106 MTR-DTG e 33 MTR-outros. A taxa global de adesão foi 44,8% (IC95%: 39,4; 50,1), sendo 50% para MTR-DTG, 43,3% para STR e 39,4% para MTR-outros. A análise multivariada mostrou chances maiores de adesão em pacientes em uso de MTR-DTG, pacientes que haviam recebido e compreendido o aconselhamento sobre o tratamento e pacientes com melhor qualidade de vida. Uso anterior de drogas ilícitas em qualquer período da vida está associada à pior adesão. A adesão global foi baixa, enfatizando a necessidade de estratégias focadas no aconselhamento sobre medicamentos e uso de drogas. A quantidade de comprimidos não foi um problema para pacientes em uso de MTR-DTG uma vez ao dia, os quais alcançaram melhores taxas de adesão.


Resumen: Evaluamos la adherencia a la terapia antirretroviral altamente activa (TARAA) y sus factores asociados, según el tipo de tratamiento en pacientes que comenzaron su tratamiento en Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. La adherencia se mensuró por la Escala de Adhesión Terapéutica de Morisky, de ocho ítems (MMAS-8), y se comparó el uso del "eje" tenofovir/lamivudina, además de un comprimido de efavirenz una vez al día (STR) o dolutegravir con varios comprimidos una vez al día (MTR-DTG), u otros tratamientos con múltiples comprimidos (MTR-otros). Se realizó un análisis multivariado de regresión logística para evaluar los factores asociados a la adherencia. Se incluyeron un total de 393 pacientes, 254 usaron STR, 106 MTR-DTG, y 33 MTR-Otros. La tasa de adherencia general fue de un 44,8% (95%CI: 39,4; 50,1), 50% en el MTR-DTG, 43,3% en el STR y 39,4% en el MTR-otros. El análisis multivariado mostró una probabilidad más alta de adherencia entre pacientes usando MTR-DTG, quienes recibieron y comprendieron las orientaciones acerca de sus tratamientos y los que disfrutaban de una calidad mejor de vida. El consumo previo de drogas ilícitas a lo largo de la vida estuvo asociado con una adherencia más escasa. La adherencia general fue baja y resalta la necesidad de estrategias que se enfoquen en brindar orientación sobre el uso de la medicación y de sustancias. El número de comprimidos no fue un problema para los pacientes que tomaban MTR-DTG una vez al día, que obtuvieron mejores resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Integrase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring/administration & dosage , Oxazines , Piperazines , Pyridones , Quality of Life , Brazil , Viral Load , Educational Status , Self Report
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1749-1753, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of BAX gene deletion on the sensitivity of BCR-ABL-induced B-ALL cells of mice to imatinib and the related mechanism.@*METHODS@#The target gene-knock out (BAX) mice were used as bone marrow cell donors; the wild type bone marrow cells(B6BM) and BAX bone marrow cells(B6BM-BAX) of mice were transfected by using reverse transcription virus, then the BCR-ABL transfected B6BM cells and B6BM-BAX cells were treated with imatinib at different concentration (0,0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 μmol/L) for 48 hours. The number of viable cells was detected by trypan blue, the flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis, the Western blot was used to detect the changes of BAX, Caspase expression.@*RESULTS@#In BCR-ABL transfected bone marrow cells treated with imatinib, the numbers of viable cells of BAX deletion group was significantly higher than that of wild type groups with statristcal difference(P<0.05), and effect- and dose-dependency(r=-0.9533 for BAX deletion group, and r=-0.9812 for wild type group). The flow cytometry showed that the cell apoptosis in BAX deletion group signifincantly decreased, compared with wild type group(P<0.05). The Western blot showed that the expression of apoptotic protein Caspase 3 in BAX deletion group was significantly higher than that in wild type group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#BAX deletion can reduce the sensitivity of BCR-ABL-induced B-ALL cells to imatinib.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apoptosis , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Gene Deletion , Imatinib Mesylate , Piperazines , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
15.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 1-9, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#: To investigate the effect of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) inhibitor FK866 on the migration of human non-small cell cancer A549 cells and related mechanism.@*METHODS@#: The inhibition effect of FK866 on A549 cells was tested by MTT assay. A549 cells were treated with 1.0 and 10.0 nmol/L FK866, and the cell migration was evaluated by modified wound scratch assay. The mRNA expression of E-cadherin and vimentin was detected by real-time RT-PCR, and the expression of ERK1/2 and pERK1/2 was determined by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#: FK866 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a time-and concentration-dependent manner; after treatment for 72 h, the IC of FK866 was 9.55 nmol/L. When 1.0 nmol/L or 10.0 nmol/L FK866 was continuously applied 48 h before and 48 h after a scratch was made in wound scratch assay, the migration of A549 cells was significantly inhibited. However, when the FK866 was applied only 48 h after the scratch, the migration of A549 cells was inhibited by 10.0 nmol/L but not by 1.0 nmol/L FK866. The mRNA expression of E-cadherin and vimentin, and the activated ERK1/2 were significantly increased after 1.0 nmol/L FK866 treatment for 72 h. The pretreatment with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) precursor nicotinamide mononucleotide(1.0 mmol/L) or ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 (10.0 μmol/L) reversed the up-regulation of E-cadherin and vimentin expression induced by FK866.@*CONCLUSIONS@#s: Low concentration of FK866 decreases the migration of A549 cells through the inhibition of NAD level, activation of ERK1/2 and up-regulation of E-cadherin expression. However, it also up-regulates the expression of vimentin, indicating that it may have dual effects on the migration of tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , A549 Cells , Cadherins , Genetics , Cell Movement , Gene Expression Regulation , Morpholines , Pharmacology , Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists , Pharmacology , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Vimentin , Genetics
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 407-411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690976

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the individualized treatment for patient with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia(CML-CP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data and treatment process of one CML-CP patient which intolerated to nilotinib were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nilotinib was given to the patient once the diagnosis of CML-CP was set. Although major molecular remission (MMR) and complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR) were obtained during treatment for 3 months, a grade 3-4 hepatotoxicity appeared in the course of treatment.With drug reduction and symptomatic treatment, nilotinib was discontinued after 3 withdrawals and replaced with imatinib in January 11, 2015. The patients achieved MMR and CCyR at 7 months after imatinib replacement. At present, the patient tolerated well without any adverse events.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Imatinib can be used as a second-line treatment drug for CML patients who was intolerant to nilotinib, and with less adverts, good effect and so on.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Benzamides , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Piperazines , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pyrimidines , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 375-382, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776307

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Angiogenesis is an important process in the development of tumor. PD 0332991, a cell cycle inhibitor, can specifically inhibit CD4/6 phosphorylation and cell cycle progression. In xeongraft mice models, PD 0332991 treated mice had significantly decreased angiogenesis and vascular density compared with the control group, but the mechanism remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role and molecular mechanism of PD 0332991 on vascular endothelial cells.@*METHODS@#EA.hy926 cells, a kind of vascular endothelial cell, were used as the research model. The effects of PD 0332991 on the activity and proliferation of EA.hy926 cells were detected by the MTT, EdU assays. Wound-healing assays and transwell assays were used to determine the effects of PD 0332991 on the mobility of EA.hy926. The influence of PD 0332991 on cell cycle and apoptosis of endothelial cells was tested by flow cytometry, and the Western blot was applied to observe the expression of cell cycle related proteins in EA.hy926 cells treated by PD 0332991.@*RESULTS@#PD 0332991 significantly inhibited the proliferation and mobility of EA.hy926 cells, caused cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. At the same time, PD 0332991 inhibited the expression of CDK4/6 and phosphorylation of Rb, and thus inhibited the cell cycle progression of EA.hy926 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PD 0332991 can inhibit the proliferation and activity of endothelial cells and induces apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6 , Genetics , Metabolism , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Pyridines , Pharmacology
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 105-113, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65056

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Urapidil is putatively effective for patients with hypertension and acute heart failure, although randomized controlled trials thereon are lacking. We investigated the efficacy and safety of intravenous urapidil relative to that of nitroglycerin in older patients with hypertension and heart failure in a randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (>60 y) with hypertension and heart failure were randomly assigned to receive intravenous urapidil (n=89) or nitroglycerin (n=91) for 7 days. Hemodynamic parameters, cardiac function, and safety outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Patients in the urapidil group had significantly lower mean systolic blood pressure (110.1±6.5 mm Hg) than those given nitroglycerin (126.4±8.1 mm Hg, p=0.022), without changes in heart rate. Urapidil was associated with improved cardiac function as reflected by lower N terminal-pro B type natriuretic peptide after 7 days (3311.4±546.1 ng/mL vs. 4879.1±325.7 ng/mL, p=0.027) and improved left ventricular ejection fraction (62.2±3.4% vs. 51.0±2.4%, p=0.032). Patients given urapidil had fewer associated adverse events, specifically headache (p=0.025) and tachycardia (p=0.004). The one-month rehospitalization and all-cause mortality rates were similar. CONCLUSION: Intravenous administration of urapidil, compared with nitroglycerin, was associated with better control of blood pressure and preserved cardiac function, as well as fewer adverse events, for elderly patients with hypertension and acute heart failure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Antihypertensive Agents/administration & dosage , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Cause of Death , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Heart Rate/drug effects , Hemodynamics , Hypertension/drug therapy , Injections, Intravenous , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Nitroglycerin/administration & dosage , Peptide Fragments/blood , Piperazines/administration & dosage , Ventricular Function, Left/drug effects
20.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 53(1): e15237, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839448

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the study presented here, a new series of 2-furyl(4-{4-[(substituted)sulfonyl]benzyl}-1-piperazinyl)methanone derivatives was targeted. The synthesis was initiated by the treatment of different secondary amines (1a-h) with 4-bromomethylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (2) to obtain various 1-{[4-(bromomethyl)phenyl]sulfonyl}amines (3a-h). 2-Furyl(1-piperazinyl)methanone (2-furoyl-1-piperazine; 4) was then dissolved in acetonitrile, with the addition of K2CO3, and the mixture was refluxed for activation. This activated molecule was further treated with equi-molar amounts of 3a-h to form targeted 2-furyl(4-{4-[(substituted)sulfonyl]benzyl}-1-piperazinyl)methanone derivatives (5a-h) in the same reaction set up. The structure confirmation of all the synthesized compounds was carried out by EI-MS, IR and 1H-NMR spectral analysis. The compounds showed good enzyme inhibitory activity. Compound 5h showed excellent inhibitory effect against acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase with respective IC50 values of 2.91±0.001 and 4.35±0.004 µM, compared to eserine, a reference standard with IC50 values of 0.04±0.0001 and 0.85±0.001 µM, respectively, against these enzymes. All synthesized molecules were active against almost all Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains tested. The cytotoxicity of the molecules was also checked to determine their utility as possible therapeutic agents.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation/statistics & numerical data , Anti-Infective Agents/analysis , Piperazines/analysis , Complement Hemolytic Activity Assay , Cholinesterases/pharmacology
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