Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.019
Filter
1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 329-348, maio 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1434547

ABSTRACT

O câncer é considerado uma das principais doenças no mundo, e diversas estratégias vêm sendo utilizadas para amenizar suas consequências negativas. A intervenção Relaxamento, Imagens Mentais e Espiritualidade é um potencial meio para a melhoria do bem-estar dos pacientes. Portanto, o presente estudo objetivou identificar possíveis efeitos dessa intervenção em pacientes acometidos pelo câncer. Assim, realizou-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura. A busca de artigos ocorreu em agosto de 2020 nas bases de dados: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, SciELO, PubMed e Google Acadêmico. Os Descritores em Ciências da Saúde estabelecidos foram: "Relaxamento", "Imagens Mentais", "Espiritualidade" e "Câncer", em português e inglês, identificados no título, resumo ou palavras-chave. Foram considerados artigos em português e/ou inglês com texto completo disponível, dissertações e/ou teses, sem limite de ano de publicação. A busca resultou em 948 estudos. Desses, foram descartados: 424 pelos critérios de exclusão, e 500 com base na leitura dos títulos e resumos. Sete estudos foram selecionados para revisão, obtendo-se três categorias finais: transformação da dor simbólica da morte; benefícios no aspecto físico dos pacientes; benefícios no aspecto psicológico dos pacientes. A intervenção Relaxamento, Imagens Mentais e Espiritualidade oferece cuidado integral, sendo considerada benéfica para pacientes oncológicos, mesmo associada aos tratamentos convencionais.


Cancer is considered one of the major diseases in the world, and several strategies have been used to minimize the negative consequences of this disease. The Relaxation, Mental Images and Spirituality intervention is a potential way to improve the patients' well-being. Therefore, this study identifies possible effects of this intervention in oncologic patients. Thus, an integrative literature review was carried out. The search for articles took place in August 2020 in the following databases: Virtual Health Library, SciELO, PubMed and Academic Google. The Health Sciences Descriptors established were: "Relaxation", "Mental Images", "Spirituality" and "Cancer", in Portuguese and English, identified in the title, abstract or keywords. Articles in Portuguese and/or English with available full text, dissertations and/or theses were considered, with no limit on the year of publication. The search resulted in 948 studies. From these, 424 were discarded according to the exclusion criteria, and 500 based on reading of the titles and abstracts. Seven studies were selected for review, obtaining three final categories: transformation of the symbolic pain of death; benefits in the physical aspect of patients; benefits in the psychological aspect of patients. The Relaxation, Mental Images and Spirituality intervention offers comprehensive care, being beneficial for cancer patients, even in association with conventional treatments.


El cáncer es una de las principales enfermedades del mundo y se han utilizado estrategias para paliar consecuencias negativas. La intervención Relajación, Imágenes Mentales y Espiritualidad es un medio para mejorar el bienestar de los pacientes. Así, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar posibles efectos de esta intervención en pacientes oncológicos. Se realizó una revisión integradora de la literatura, con búsqueda de artículos en agosto de 2020 en las bases de datos: Virtual Health Library, SciELO, PubMed y Academic Google. Los Descriptores de Ciencias de la Salud establecidos: "Relajación", "Imágenes Mentales", "Espiritualidad" y "Cáncer", en portugués e inglés, identificados en el título, resumen o palabras clave. Se consideraron artículos en portugués/inglés con texto completo disponible, disertaciones/tesis, sin límite de año de publicación. La búsqueda resultó en 948 estudios. De estos, 424 se descartaron según los criterios de exclusión y 500 según la lectura de títulos y resúmenes. Se seleccionaron siete estudios para revisión, obteniendo tres categorías finales: transformación del dolor simbólico de la muerte; beneficios en el aspecto físico de los pacientes; beneficios en el aspecto psicológico de los pacientes. La intervención Relajación, Imágenes Mentales y Espiritualidad ofrece atención integral, considerándose beneficiosa para el paciente oncológico, incluso en asociación con tratamientos convencionales.


Subject(s)
Relaxation , Spirituality , Psychological Well-Being , Health Promotion , Imagination , Neoplasms , Quality of Life , Complementary Therapies
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253659, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448943

ABSTRACT

Partindo da pergunta "Como tem sido ser mulher e mãe em tempos de pandemia?", o presente estudo convidou mulheres que são mães, em redes sociais virtuais, a partilhar um relato de suas experiências com a readaptação parental em função do distanciamento social causado pela pandemia de covid-19. O objetivo foi refletir sobre a experiência de ser mulher e mãe em tempos de covid-19 e distanciamento social, apontando algumas ressonâncias do cenário pandêmico na subjetividade dessas mulheres. O estudo teve como base o referencial psicanalítico, tanto na construção da pesquisa e análise dos relatos quanto na sua discussão. A análise dos cerca de 340 relatos coletados, os quais variaram de uma breve frase a longos parágrafos, apontou para uma série de questionamentos, pontos de análise e reflexões. A pandemia, e o decorrente distanciamento social, parece ter colocado uma lente de aumento sobre as angústias das mulheres que são mães, evidenciando sentimentos e sofrimentos sempre presentes. Destacaram-se, nos relatos, a sobrecarga das mulheres com as tarefas de cuidado dos filhos e da casa, a culpa, a solidão, a exaustão, e o sentimento de que não havia espaço nesse contexto para "ser mulher", sendo isso entendido especialmente a questões estéticas e de vaidade.(AU)


Starting from the question "How does it feel to be a woman and a mother in pandemic times?", this study invited women who are mothers, in virtual social networks, to share their experiences regarding parental adaptations due to social distancing caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to reflect on the experience of being a woman and a mother in the context of COVID-19 and of social distancing, pointing out some resonances of the pandemic scenario in the subjectivity of these women. The study was based on the psychoanalytical framework, both in the construction of the research and analysis of the reports and in their discussion. The analysis of about 340 collected reports, which ranged from a brief sentence to long paragraphs, pointed to a series of questions, analysis topics, and reflections. The pandemic, and the resulting social distancing, seems to have placed a magnifying glass over the anguish of women who are mothers, showing ever-present feelings and suffering. The reports highlighted women's overload with child and house care tasks, the guilt, loneliness, exhaustion, and the feeling that there was no space in this context to "be a woman," and it extends to aesthetic and vanity related questions especially.(AU)


A partir de la pregunta "¿cómo te sientes siendo mujer y madre en tiempos de pandemia?", este estudio invitó por las redes sociales a mujeres que son madres a compartir un relato de sus experiencias sobre la readaptación parental en función del distanciamiento social causado por la pandemia del covid-19. Su objetivo fue reflexionar sobre la experiencia de ser mujer y madre en tiempos del covid-19 y el distanciamiento social, señalando algunas resonancias del escenario pandémico en la subjetividad de estas mujeres. Este estudio se basó en el marco psicoanalítico, tanto en la construcción de la investigación y análisis de los informes como en su discusión. El análisis de los casi 340 relatos, que variaron de una pequeña frase a largos párrafos, generó en las investigadoras una serie de cuestionamientos y reflexiones. La pandemia y el consecuente distanciamiento social parece haber agrandado las angustias de las mujeres que son madres, evidenciando sentimientos y sufrimientos siempre presentes. En los relatos destacan la sobrecarga de las mujeres con las tareas de cuidado de los hijos y del hogar, la culpa, la soledad, el cansancio, así como el sentimiento de que no hay espacio em este contexto para "ser mujer", relacionado principalmente a cuestiones estéticas y de vanidad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Psychoanalysis , Women , Parenting , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Parent-Child Relations , Paternal Behavior , Paternity , Prenatal Care , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Relaxation , Self Care , Self Concept , Social Adjustment , Social Responsibility , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Stereotyping , Stress, Physiological , Stress, Psychological , Women's Rights , Work Hours , Body Image , Burnout, Professional , Activities of Daily Living , Pregnancy , Adaptation, Biological , Family , Marriage , Child , Child Development , Child Rearing , Quarantine , Hygiene , Mental Health , Family Health , Immunization , Sex Characteristics , Universal Precautions , Employment, Supported , Cost of Illness , Confusion , Feminism , Self Efficacy , Affect , Culture , Parturition , Depression , Postpartum Period , Educational Status , Ego , Employment , Fear , Femininity , Sexism , Work-Life Balance , Frailty , Occupational Stress , Androcentrism , Freedom , Self-Neglect , Frustration , Body Dissatisfaction , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Teleworking , Physical Distancing , Gender Equity , Family Support , Family Structure , Guilt , Health Promotion , Household Work , Identification, Psychological , Identity Crisis , Income , Individuation , Anger , Leisure Activities , Loneliness , Love , Maternal Behavior , Maternal Welfare , Mothers
3.
Licere (Online) ; 25(1): 248-276, mar.2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368651

ABSTRACT

Diante das especificidades de gênero, este trabalho busca identificar o significado do uso recreativo de maconha para as mulheres em momentos de lazer. O estudo é uma pesquisa social desenvolvida por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Foram entrevistadas 8 mulheres, acessadas pelo método 'Bola de Neve'. Resultados: Foram definidas as seguintes categorias de sentidos atribuídos ao uso da maconha pelas mulheres: sociabilidade, relacionamentos afetivos e sexo com uso da maconha; relaxamento e descanso; 'calmante' e medicamento; autoconhecimento, afirmação de identidade e criatividade. De acordo com os achados da pesquisa foi identificado que a maconha se insere no universo feminino como parte constituinte da cultura e da identidade das mulheres usuárias.


In view of gender specificities, this paper discusses the meaning of recreational use of marijuana by women at leisure. The study was a social survey was conducted through semi-structured interviews. Eight women were interviewed, they were accessed using the Snowball sampling method. Results: the data were systematized into categories of meanings attributed to the use of marijuana by women: sociability, affective relationships and sex with marijuana use; relaxation and rest; 'Soothing' and medicine; self-knowledge, identity affirmation and creativity. According to research findings, it was identified that marijuana is inserted in the female universe as a constituent part of the culture and identity of women.


Subject(s)
Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Relaxation , Sex , Social Behavior , Women , Cannabis , Culture , Ego , Marijuana Use/psychology , Leisure Activities
4.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 57-63, ene. 28, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1354465

ABSTRACT

La terapia de balón, también conocida como esferodinamia, es un ejercicio que estira y relaja los músculos pélvicos al usar una pelota suiza, que, al ser incorporada al trabajo de parto, reduce la duración de su primera fase y disminuye el dolor. El objetivo de la revisión es describir su aplicación como medida no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor y sus efectos en la evolución del trabajo de parto. Para alcanzar esto, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica basándose en artículos científicos publicados en los últimos cinco años. Esta técnica no farmacológica ha demostrado beneficios en el manejo del dolor y la ansiedad materna. Durante el embarazo y el trabajo de parto, esta terapia promueve la corrección postural, la relajación y el estiramiento de los músculos del piso pélvico. Además, ayuda en el descenso y rotación de la cabeza fetal y aumenta la dilatación del cuello uterino, facilitando el parto natural. La terapia de balón reduce el tiempo de trabajo de parto y es una medida eficaz no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor. Así mismo, ayuda a corregir la presentación fetal y evita procedimientos obstétricos


Ball therapy, also known as spherodynamics, is an exercise that stretches and relaxes the pelvic muscles using a Swiss ball, which, when incorporated into labor, reduces the duration of its first phase and decreases pain. The objective of the review is to describe its application as a non-pharmacological measure for pain management and its effects on the evolution of labor. To achieve this, a bibliographic review was carried out based on scientific articles published in the last five years. This non-pharmacological technique has shown benefits in the management of maternal pain and anxiety. During pregnancy and labor, this therapy promotes postural correction, relaxation, and stretching of the pelvic floor muscles. In addition, it helps in the descent and rotation of the fetal head and increases the dilation of the cervix, facilitating natural childbirth. Balloon therapy reduces the time of labor and is an effective non-pharmacological measure for pain management. Likewise, it helps correct fetal presentation and avoids obstetric procedures


Subject(s)
Labor, Obstetric , Delivery, Obstetric , Parturition , Pain Management , Relaxation , Exercise , Cervix Uteri , Dilatation
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(5): 403-413, May 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate in the literature the studies on the benefits ofmusic therapy interventions among pregnant women in the prenatal, delivery and postpartum periods. Data Sources The search for articles was carried out in the following electronic databases: VHL, LILACS, SciELO, Portal CAPES, PsycINFO, ERIC, PubMed/Medline, and journals specialized in this field: Revista Brasileira de Musicoterapia ("Brazilian Journal of Music Therapy") and Voices. Study Selection Descriptors in Portuguese (musicoterapia, gravidez, gestantes, revisão), English (music therapy, pregnancy, pregnant women, review) and Spanish (musicoterapia, embarazo, mujeres embarazadas, revisión) were used. The search was delimited between January 2009 and June 2019. The process of selection and evaluation of the articles was performed through peer review. Data Collectio n The following data were extracted: article title, year of publication, journal, author(s), database, country and date of collection, purpose of the study, sample size, type of care, intervention, instruments used, results, and conclusion. The data were organized in chronological order based on the year of publication of thestudy. Summary of the Data In total, 146 articles were identified, and only 23 studies were included in this systematic review. The articles found indicate among their results relaxation, decreased levels of anxiety, psychosocial stress and depression, decreased pain, increase in the maternal bond, improvement in the quality of sleep, control of the fetal heart rate and maternal blood pressure, and decreased intake of drugs in the postoperative period. Conclusion Music therapy during the prenatal, delivery and postpartum periods can provide benefits to pregnant women and newborns, thus justifying its importance in this field.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar na literatura os estudos sobre os benefícios das intervenções musicoterapêuticas em gestantes no pré-natal, parto e pós-parto. Fontes dos dados A busca dos artigos foi realizada nas seguintes bases de dados eletrônicas: BVS, LILACS, SciELO, Portal CAPES, PsycINFO, ERIC, PubMed/Medline e revistas especializadas da área: Revista Brasileira de Musicoterapia e Voices. Seleção dos estudos Utilizaram-se descritores em português (musicoterapia, gravidez, gestantes, revisão), em inglês (music therapy, pregnancy, pregnant women, review) e em espanhol (musicoterapia, embarazo, mujeres embarazadas, revisión). A busca foi delimitada de janeiro de 2009 até junho de 2019. Os processos de seleção e avaliação dos artigos foram realizados por revisão por pares. Coleta de dados Os seguintes dados foram extraídos: título do artigo, ano da publicação, revista, autor(es), base de dados, país e data da coleta, objetivo do estudo, tamanho da amostra, tipo de atendimento, intervenção, instrumentos utilizados, resultados, e conclusão. Os dados foram organizados emordem cronológica a partir do ano de publicação do estudo. Síntese dos dados Foram identificados 146 artigos e incluídos apenas 23 estudos na revisão sistemática. Os artigos encontrados indicam em seus resultados relaxamento, diminuição dos níveis de ansiedade, de estresse psicossocial e de depressão, diminuição da dor, aumento do vínculo materno, melhora da qualidade do sono, controle da frequência cardíaca fetal e da pressão arterial materna, e diminuição da ingestão de fármacos no pós-operatório. Conclusões A musicoterapia durante o pré-natal, parto e pós-parto pode trazer benefícios para a gestante e para o neonato, o que justifica sua importância nessa área.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women/psychology , Music/psychology , Music Therapy , Prenatal Care , Quality of Life , Relaxation , Women's Health , Parturition , Postpartum Period
6.
Metro cienc ; 29(1 (2021): Enero- Marzo): 16-22, 2021-01-29.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222466

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El bloqueo residual se define como la debilidad muscular postoperatoria producida por un antagonismo incompleto de los relajantes neu-romusculares, siendo sus principales complicaciones las respiratorias. Actualmente, el mejor método de evaluación objetiva del bloqueo neuromuscular es el Tren de Cuatro (TOF). El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la prevalencia de bloqueo residual en la Unidad de Cuidados Postanestésicos (UCPA) en pacientes ASA I y ASA II sometidos a cirugía electiva y de emergencia bajo anestesia general en el Hospital Metropolitano. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en 211 sujetos, donde mediante el TOF se deter-minó que la prevalencia de bloqueo residual en la UCPA fue del 8,5%, valor que se relacionó con la falta de monitorización de la función neuromuscular, determinando además que el empleo de fármacos que revierten el bloqueo neuromuscular no excluye la presencia de bloqueo residual. Se recomienda el uso rutinario de monitorización de la relajación neuromuscular para prevenir y diagnosticar el bloqueo residual, además de la administración de reversión farmacológica independientemente del tiempo quirúrgico.


ABSTRACT Residual blockade is defined as postoperative muscle weakness caused by incomplete antagonism of neuromuscular relaxants, its main complications being respiratory, currently the best method of objective evaluation of neuromuscular blockade is the Train of Four (TOF). The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of residual block in the Post Anesthesia Care Unit (UCPA) in patients with ASA I and ASA II undergoing elective and emergency surgery under general anesthesia at the Metropolitan Hospital. An observational, descrip-tive and prospective study was conducted in 211 subjects, where it was determined that the prevalence of residual block in UCPA was 8.5% with TOF, a value that was related to the lack of monitoring of neuromuscular function, also determining that the use of drugs that reverse neuromuscular blockade does not exclude the presence of residual blockade. Routine use of neuromuscular relaxation monitoring is recommended to prevent and diagnose residual block, in addition to drug reversal administration regardless of surgical time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Neuromuscular Blockade , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Relaxation , Prospective Studies , Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia , Operative Time
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e19187, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350232

ABSTRACT

Propolis from stingless bees (Heterotrigona itama) is a resinous compound that exhibits antihyperglycaemia, free radical scavenging, and cardioprotective properties. The effect of propolis on diabetic vessels has not been investigated. Thus, this research aimed to determine the effect of propolis supplementation on the level of antioxidants and its mechanism of action in the aorta of diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups (n=8/group): healthy (control), untreated diabetes (DM), metformin-treated diabetes (DM+M, 300 mg/kg/day metformin), propolis-treated diabetes (DM+P, 300 mg/kg/day propolis extract) and diabetes with combined treatment (DM+M+P, dosage as former). Oral supplementation was conducted for four weeks immediately upon successful induction of diabetes by streptozotocin (60 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection). At the end of the study, the rats were euthanised, and thoracic aorta was processed into tissue homogenates to determine the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE). Aorta segments were harvested to examine their relaxation response towards graded concentration of acetylcholine (Ach; 10-8-10-4) M following precontraction with phenylephrine (PE; 10-6 M). Vasorelaxation towards a cumulative dose of propolis (0.01-1.00%) using PE-precontracted healthy aorta (n=6/experiments) was investigated under various simulated conditions: physiological buffer, L-NAME (10-4 M), methylene blue (10-5 M), indomethacin (10-5 M) and elevated glucose (25 mM). Propolis maintained antioxidative enzymes and sRAGE decoy molecules in the aortic tissue of the diabetic rats. The amelioration of diabetes-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation by propolis was mediated through the nitric oxide(NO)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway. This non-clinical study reports vasoprotective property of propolis in diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Propolis/analysis , Bees/anatomy & histology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley/classification , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Endothelium/abnormalities , Nitric Oxide/adverse effects , Aorta/abnormalities , Relaxation , Vasodilation , Antioxidants/pharmacology
8.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 32: e3274, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360518

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito da massagem ou pseudomassagem no desempenho do salto vertical. Quinze participantes foram submetidos aleatoriamente a três condições experimentais: massagem, pseudomassagem e repouso. A condição de massagem exigiu três saltos verticais unipodais seguidos de dois minutos de massagem manual nos músculos flexores plantares e, antes de executar outros três saltos, foi aplicada a Escala de Recuperação de Qualidade Total (TQR). As duas condições a seguir foram estruturadas com os mesmos procedimentos, no entanto, os participantes foram submetidos à pseudomassagem (simples-cego) ou a dois minutos de descanso. Os resultados não mostraram diferenças estatísticas na altura do salto entre as análises pré e pós, nem entre as condições experimentais (massagem 18,7 ± 4,1 vs. 18,2 ± 4,1; pseudomassagem 19,1 ± 4,0 vs. 18,3 ± 3,8; descanso 19,0 ± 4,0 vs. 18,7 ± 3,9 cm). Também não houve diferenças estatísticas no TQR entre as condições experimentais (massagem 16,2 ± 4,3; pseudomassagem 16,4 ± 3,9; descanso 15,9 ± 2,6 ua). Tanto a massagem quanto a pseudomassagem não afetaram o desempenho no salto vertical e na TQR.


ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to verify the effect of massage or pseudo massage on vertical jump performance. Fifteen participants were randomly subjected to three experimental conditions: massage, pseudo massage and rest. The massage condition required three unipodal vertical jumps followed by two minutes of manual massage on plantar flexor muscles and, before performing another three jumps, the Total Quality Recover Scale (TQR) was applied. The two following conditions were structured with the same procedures, although participants were submitted either at pseudo massage (single-blinded) or two minutes of rest. Results showed no statistical differences on jump height between pre and post analysis nor between experimental conditions (massage 18.7 ± 4.1 vs 18.2 ± 4.1; pseudo massage 19.1 ± 4.0 vs 8.3 ± 3.8; rest 19.0 ± 4.0 vs 18.7 ± 3.9 cm). There were also no statistical differences in the TQR results between experimental conditions (massage 16.2 ± 4.3; pseudo massage 16.4 ± 3.9; rest 15.9 ± 2.6 ua). Both massage and pseudo massage did not affect performance on vertical jump and TQR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Placebos , Massage/instrumentation , Relaxation , Men , Muscles
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361605

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN. Las técnicas de relajación son recomendadas y utilizadas como estrategia para ayudar al individuo a lidiar con el estrés físico, psicológico y social. Este trabajo procuró conocer el uso de métodos de relajación utilizados en deportistas. Se ha utilizado la revisión bibliográfica basada en la búsqueda, análisis e interpretación de la literatura científica disponible sobre la relación entre las técnicas de relajación y el deporte de competición. El objetivo del estudio ha sido identificar y analizar los posibles efectos de las técnicas de relajación en los deportistas. Para ello, se examinaron los métodos utilizados y las evidencias de eficacia en el proceso de entrenamiento y/o competiciones, y admitieron artículos que utilizaron instrumentos y procedimientos de carácter cuantitativo y cualitativo. Los resultados indican que las técnicas de relajación poseen, en su concepción, que son útiles no sólo al bienestar del atleta, sino que también contribuyen con su recuperación a nivel físico y psicológico.


ABSTRACT. Relaxation techniques are recommended and used as a strategy to help the individual cope with physical, psychological and social stress. This work sought to know the use of relaxation methods used in athletes. The literature review was used based on the search, analysis and interpretation of the available scientific literature on the relationship between relaxation techniques and competitive sport. The objective of the study has been to identify and analyze the possible effects of relaxation on athletes. To do this, the methods used and the evidence of effectiveness in the training process and / or competitions were examined and admitted articles that used quantitative and qualitative instruments and procedures. The results indicate that relaxation techniques have in their conception benefits that are useful not only to the well-being of the athlete, but also helps in recovery at the physical and psychological level.


RESUMO. Técnicas de relaxamento são recomendadas e utilizadas como estratégia para ajudar o indivíduo a lidar com o estrese físico, psicológico e social. Este trabalho buscou conhecer o uso de métodos de relaxamento utilizados em atletas. A revisão da literatura foi utilizada com base na busca, análise e interpretação da literatura científica disponível sobre a relação entretécnicas de relaxamento e esporte competitivo. O objetivo do estudo foi identificar e analisar os possíveis efeitos do relaxamento nos atletas. Para isso, foram examinados os métodos utilizados e as evidências de efetividade no processo de treinamento e / ou competições e admitidos artigos que utilizavam instrumentos e procedimentos quantitativos e qualitativos. Os resultados indicam que as técnicas de relaxamento têm em sua concepção benefícios que são úteis não apenas para o bem-estar do atleta, mas também ajudam na recuperação nos níveis físico e psicológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Relaxation , Sports , Exercise , Athletic Performance , Personal Satisfaction
10.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 531-536, dez 30, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355104

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a meditação é uma prática que visa regular o estado mental e as emoções, podendo induzir a estados alterados de consciência. Dentre inúmeras técnicas de meditação, o trabalho proposto por George I. Gurdjieff, inclui práticas voltadas para o recolhimento da atenção e o equilíbrio entre a atividade do corpo, da mente e do sentimento. Estudos realizados com eletroencefalografia (EEG), avaliando o estado meditativo em geral, demonstraram um padrão cerebral caracterizado pelo aumento da amplitude dos ritmos eletroencefalográficos alfa e teta, bem como diferenças na atividade alfa entre a meditação e o relaxamento. Entretanto, isto não está caracterizado em meditadores da linha de G.I. Gurdjieff, que praticam, além de meditações sentadas, exercícios corporais acompanhados de uma música própria e exercícios de atenção durante a vida diária. Objetivo: comparar a atividade cerebral da frequência alfa durante os estágios de meditação e relaxamento e avaliar as diferenças entre as regiões frontal, central e occipital nesses dois estados, em meditadores experientes do grupo Gurdjieff, de Salvador-Bahia-Brasil. Metodologia: a coleta da atividade cerebral dos 8 voluntários foi realizada através do EEG. O protocolo de coleta adotado foi de 6 minutos de relaxamento e 12 minutos de meditação. Resultados: foi encontrado aumento significativo da potência alfa durante a meditação, quando comparada ao relaxamento. As regiões frontal e central não apresentaram diferenças entre si para a potência alfa, enquanto a região occipital apresentou aumento da potência alfa em comparação com as regiões frontal e central. Existe um aumento da densidade de alfa durante a meditação em todas as regiões cerebrais testadas, com maior densidade na região occipital. Conclusão: A frequência alfa comporta-se de forma diferente durante a meditação, comparada ao relaxamento, com um aumento da densidade de potência durante o estado meditativo em todas as regiões avaliadas, sendo a região occipital a que apresentou maior potência.


Introduction: meditation is a practice that aims to regulate the mental state and emotions, and can induce altered states of consciousness. Among numerous meditation techniques, the work proposed by George I. Gurdjieff, includes an attempt to balance activities from the body, the mind and the feelings. Studies conducted with electroencephalography (EEG), evaluating the meditative tate, demonstrated a brain pattern characterized by increased alpha and theta amplitude, as well as differences in alpha activity between meditation and relaxation. However, this is not characterized in Gurdjieff meditators, which practice beyond sitted meditations, body exercises with music, and attentional exercises during everyday life. Objective: comparing the brain activity of the alpha power during the meditation and relaxation stages and evaluate the differences between the frontal, central and occipital regions in these two states, in experienced meditators from the Gurdjieff group, in Salvador-Bahia-Brazil. Methodology: the data collection of the brain activity from 8 volunteers was performed by EEG. The collection protocol adopted was 6 minutes of relaxation and 12 minutes of meditation. Results: a significant increase in alpha power was found during meditation, when compared to relaxation. The frontal and central regions showed no differences between them for alpha power, while the occipital region showed an increase in alpha power compared to the frontal and central regions. Conclusion: the alpha frequency behaves differently during meditation, compared to relaxation, with an increase in alpha density during the meditative state in all evaluated regions, with the occipital region being the most potent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Relaxation , Consciousness Disorders , Electroencephalography , Alpha Rhythm , Clinical Trial
11.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 40: e191670, jan.-maio 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1147196

ABSTRACT

O consumo de substâncias psicoativas (SPAs) cresce em escala global, especialmente entre universitários. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar o padrão de uso de álcool e outras SPAs em estudantes universitários. A amostra foi composta por 180 graduandos de Psicologia que preencheram um questionário sociodemográfico e instrumentos de rastreamento do uso de SPAs validados para o contexto brasileiro. Os resultados evidenciaram maior prevalência do uso de álcool: 81,7% na vida, 67,6% nos últimos três meses e 55% no padrão binge. Dentre os motivos endossados para o consumo destaca-se o convívio universitário, porém o fator mais valorizado foi o álcool como potencializador do desejo de fumar, seguido de sua percepção como fator gregário em festas/reuniões sociais e como facilitador do enfrentamento de estresse. As pressões da vida universitária geram insegurança e instabilidade que deixam os jovens universitários mais suscetíveis à influência dos pares e à busca de diversão e descontração em ambientes de festas, nas quais o consumo é estimulado e facilitado, o que pode favorecer o beber em quantidade excessiva. Esse padrão de consumo pode se associar a outros comportamentos de risco, como dirigir sob efeito do álcool, manter relações sexuais sem proteção ou envolver-se em distúrbios da ordem pública e infrações à lei. Considerando que os jovens fazem uso em excesso de SPAs sem um suporte social comunitário adequado, é necessário investir em programas de prevenção e políticas públicas guiadas pelas noções de autocuidado, protagonismo e participação ativa na própria reabilitação...(AU)


The consumption of psychoactive substances (SPAs) grows worldwide, especially among university students. This study evaluated the pattern of alcohol use and other SPAs in psychology students. The sample consisted of 180 Psychology undergraduates who filled out a sociodemographic questionnaire and instruments for tracking the use of SPAs validated for the Brazilian context. The results showed a higher prevalence of alcohol use: 81.7% in life, 67.6% in the last three months and 55% following a binge pattern. Among the reasons endorsed for the consumption stand out university conviviality, but the most valued factor was alcohol as a potentiator of the desire to smoke, followed by its perception as a gregarious factor in parties/social gatherings and as a facilitator to cope with stress situations. The pressures of university life create insecurity and instability, which make university students more susceptible to peer influence and the search for fun and relaxation in party environments where drinking is stimulated and facilitated, which may favor binge drinking. This pattern of consumption may be associated to other risk behaviors, such as driving under the influence of alcohol, having unprotected sex, or engaging in public order disturbances and infractions of the law. Considering that these young people make excessive use of SPAs without adequate social and community support, it is necessary to invest in prevention programs and public policies guided by the notions of self-care, protagonism and active participation in self rehabilitation...(AU)


El consumo de sustancias psicoactivas (SPA) crece a escala global, especialmente entre universitarios. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el patrón de uso de alcohol y otras SPA por estudiantes universitarios. Compusieron la muestra 180 estudiantes de graduación en Psicología, que respondieron a un cuestionario sociodemográfico e instrumentos de rastreo del uso de SPA validados para el contexto nacional. Los resultados evidenciaron mayor prevalencia del uso de alcohol: el 81,7% en la vida, el 67,6% en los últimos tres meses y el 55% en el patrón binge. Entre los motivos endosados para el consumo se destaca la convivencia universitaria, pero el factor más valorado fue el alcohol como potenciador del deseo de fumar, seguido de su percepción como factor gregario en fiestas/reuniones sociales y como facilitador del enfrentamiento de situaciones de estrés. Las presiones de la vida universitaria generan inseguridad e inestabilidad que dejan a los jóvenes universitarios más susceptibles a la influencia de los pares y a la búsqueda de diversión y relajación en fiestas y discotecas donde se estimula y facilita el consumo de alcohol, lo que puede favorecer la costumbre de beber en cantidad excesiva. Ese patrón de consumo puede asociarse a otros comportamientos de riesgo, como conducir bajo el efecto del alcohol, mantener relaciones sexuales sin protección o involucrarse en disturbios del orden público e infracciones a la ley. Considerando que estos jóvenes hacen uso excesivo de SPA sin un soporte social-comunitario adecuado, son necesarios programas de prevención y políticas públicas guiadas por las nociones de autocuidado, protagonismo y participación activa en la propia rehabilitación...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Pressure , Psychology , Students , Universities , Adaptation, Psychological , Smoking , Prevalence , Substance-Related Disorders , Binge Drinking , Alcohol Drinking in College , Relaxation , Risk-Taking , Self Care , Social Support , Tobacco , Risk , Life , Alcoholic Beverages , Disease Prevention , Cigarette Smoking
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(4): 189-198, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052950

ABSTRACT

A corrida de rua é considerada um fenômeno sociocultural contemporâneo em ampla expansão no Brasil e no mundo. No entanto, há uma carência de informações a respeito do perfil sociodemográfico dos praticantes de corridas de rua, assim como os seus motivos de adesão e rotina de treinamento. Essas informações são essenciais para a elaboração de estratégias de intervenção profissional voltadas para os praticantes de corrida de rua. O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar o perfil sociodemográfico, os motivos de adesão, a rotina de treinamento e acompanhamento profissional de corredores de rua. Participaram da pesquisa 214 praticantes de corrida de rua, do sexo masculino e feminino, idade entre 18 e 58 anos (M = 36,4 ± 10,3), devidamente inscritos em provas que fazem parte do calendário oficial de corridas. Os praticantes responderam um questionário composto por 18 questões organizadas em 3 categorias: perfil ciodemográfico, motivos de adesão e rotina de treinamento/acompanhamento profissional. Os resultados evidenciaram que a maioria dos praticantes de corrida de rua são do sexo masculino (62,1%), com faixa etária predominante entre 20 e 40 anos, elevado nível de escolaridade e que buscam essa atividade especialmente por motivos de saúde (91,1%) e prazer (69,1%). Apesar de 43,9% dos praticantes não receberem acompanhamento profissional, 96,6% consideram importante ou muito importante a supervisão profissional durante a prática. Os achados indicam que, em geral, os adeptos da corrida de rua optam pela prática devido a busca pela melhora da qualidade de vida e a socialização, bem como a redução do estresse...(AU)


Running is considered a contemporary sociocultural phenomenon in a wide expansion in Brazil and in the world. However, there is a lack of information regarding the sociodemographic profile of street racing practitioners, as well as their reasons for joining this practice and the characteristics of training. This information is essential for the development of strategies for professional intervention aimed at street racing practitioners. The present study sought to analyze the sociodemographic profile, the reasons of adhesion and the characteristics of training of street racing practitioners. A total of 214 male and female street racing practitioners, aged between 18 and 58 years (M = 36.4 ± 10.3), duly enrolled in races that are part of the official racing calendar, participated in the study. The practitioners answered a questionnaire composed of 18 questions organized in 3 categories: sociodemographic profile, reasons of adhesion and training characteristics. The results showed that most of the street racing practitioners are male (62.1%), with a predominant age group between 20 and 40 years of age, a high level of schooling and who seek this activity especially for health reasons (91, 1%) and pleasure (69.1%). Although 43.9% of the practitioners did not receive professional support, 96.6% considered it important hat, in general, the street racing practitioners choose this practice because of the quest for improving quality of life and socialization as well as for reducing stress...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Personal Health Services , Physical Education and Training , Running , Circuit-Based Exercise , Endurance Training , Quality of Life , Relaxation , Socialization , Stress, Psychological , Pleasure , Quality Improvement , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
14.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 74-82, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002419

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The sources of stress involved in chronic kidney disease (CKD) can lead to depressive states, directly affecting the hemodialysis patient's quality of life (QOL). There are few reports and studies on therapeutic interventions that aim to minimize depressive symptoms in these patients and an even greater shortage of studies using music therapy. Objective: This study evaluated the effect of music therapy on QOL and depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. Method: This was a music therapy intervention study in which 23 patients were evaluated regarding QOL and depression symptoms at two distinct stages - before and after the intervention. Eight sessions of music therapy were conducted, with two weekly sessions and an average duration of 75 minutes. The intervention was conducted by the music therapist herself, using specific music therapy techniques, besides voice and guitar to conduct harmonic and rhythmic support for the groups' sound-music production. Results: The patients showed a significant reduction in depression symptoms (p < 0.001) and better QOL results, with significant differences in the following dimensions: functional capacity (p = 0.011), pain (p = 0.036), general health (p = 0.01), vitality (p = 0.004), mental health (p = 0.012), symptom and problem list (p = 0.01), and overall health (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Intervention with music therapy constitutes an effective option in the treatment and prevention of depressive symptoms and improved QOL of HD patients.


RESUMO Introdução: Fontes de estresse representadas pela doença renal crônica (DRC) podem gerar estados de depressão, interferindo diretamente na qualidade de vida (QV) dos pacientes em hemodiálise (HD). Poucos são os relatos e estudos de intervenção terapêutica visando minimizar os sintomas depressivos nesses pacientes, com maior escassez de trabalhos utilizando a musicoterapia. Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou o efeito da musicoterapia na QV e nos sintomas depressivos em pacientes em HD. Método: Estudo de intervenção musicoterapêutica, no qual 23 pacientes foram avaliados quanto à QV e sintomas de depressão em duas fases distintas: pré e pós-intervenção. Foram realizadas duas sessões em grupo por semana, com duração de 75 minutos, em um período de quatro semanas. A intervenção foi realizada por um musicoterapeuta, que utilizou técnicas específicas da musicoterapia, além da voz e do violão para conduzir apoio rítmico e harmônico na produção sonoro-musical dos grupos. Resultados: Os pacientes apresentaram redução significativa dos sintomas de depressão (p<0,001) e melhores resultados na QV, com diferenças estatísticas significantes nas dimensões: capacidade funcional (p=0,011), dor (p=0,036), estado geral de saúde (p=0,01), vitalidade (p=0,004), saúde mental (p=0,012), lista de sintomas e problemas (p=0,01) e saúde global (p=0,01). Conclusões: A intervenção com musicoterapia constitui-se opção efetiva no tratamento e prevenção de sintomas depressivos e na melhora da QV de pacientes em HD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Depression/therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Music Therapy , Pain , Relaxation/physiology , Relaxation/psychology , Health Status , Mental Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Depression/etiology , Depression/prevention & control , Music/psychology
15.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 85-94, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787410

ABSTRACT

Mindfulness is a process in which all thoughts, feelings, sensations, and all phenomena that happen to me are uncritically recognized as they are, so that they are eventually accepted and released without identifying or automatically responding to them. The clinical effects of mindfulness-based therapy have already been demonstrated in several studies. However, consistent results have not been reported for the mechanism of mindfulness-based treatment. Thus, this review aimed to describe a systematic review of the literature and research on the mechanisms of mindfulness-based interventions. Experienced meditators showed a physiological change in a ‘wakeful hypometabolic state’ during mindfulness meditation. In mindfulness meditation, it is known that certain areas other than brain activation during relaxation are additionally activated, particularly activation of fronto-limbic and fronto-parietal neural networks. The psychological mechanisms include meta-cognitive awareness, emotion regulation, reduction of automatic and self-referential thinking, concentration control, self-compassion, improvement of value clarification and self-regulation, exposure, extinction, and reconsolidation. Of the brain regions with changes in activity associated with mindfulness meditation, prefrontal cortex, the default mode network including cortical midline structures were associated with emotion regulation, concentration control, and reduction of automatic and self-referential thinking. In addition, brain regions associated with mindfulness meditation have been reported in the hippocampus, amygdala, and medical frontal cortices associated with memory reconsolidation and fear extinction. Thus, mindfulness-based interventions have a psychological and neurobiological effect with a special mechanism different from other psychological interventions, so that mindfulness based intervention can be an effective therapeutic intervention with a different mechanism from other psychological techniques.


Subject(s)
Amygdala , Brain , Frontal Lobe , Hippocampus , Meditation , Memory , Mindfulness , Prefrontal Cortex , Psychological Techniques , Relaxation , Self-Control , Sensation , Thinking
16.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 110-114, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787182

ABSTRACT

The Chicago classification (CC) defines an esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) as the presence of several instances of intact or weak peristalsis, elevated median integrated relaxation pressure above 15 mmHg, and a discrepancy from the criteria of achalasia. The revised CC addresses the potential etiology of EGJOO, including the early forms of achalasia, mechanical obstruction, esophageal wall stiffness, or manifestation of hiatal hernia. A 58-year-old woman visited the Presbyterian Medical Center with swallowing difficulty. The patient underwent a high resolution manometry (HRM) examination and was diagnosed with EGJOO. Chest CT was performed to exclude a mechanical obstruction as a cause, and CT revealed a subepithelial tumor (SET) at the upper part of the esophagogastric junction. Therefore, laparoscopic surgery was performed and eccentric muscular hypertrophy of the distal esophagus was observed. Longitudinal myotomy and Dor fundoplication were also performed. The histology findings of the surgical specimens were consistent with achalasia. This paper reports a case of early achalasia that was finally diagnosed by the histology findings, but was initially diagnosed as EGJOO using HRM and misdiagnosed as SET in the image study.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Classification , Deglutition , Esophageal Achalasia , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus , Fundoplication , Hernia, Hiatal , Hypertrophy , Laparoscopy , Manometry , Peristalsis , Protestantism , Relaxation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 294-298, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787149

ABSTRACT

Achalasia is a motility disorder of the esophagus characterized by absence of peristalsis and failure of relaxation of lower esophagus sphincter. The introduction of high resolution manometry (HRM) and per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has made a new chapter in diagnosis and treatment of achalasia. HRM allows classify according to the subtype of achalasia, and help predict prognosis and therapeutic response. POEM is a minimally invasive, effective option for treating achalasia. The management of achalasia required tailored application of various therapies such as botox injection, pneumatic balloon dilatation, POEM, or Heller's myotomy. In this review, we state the important aspects of diagnosis as well as management of achalasia.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Diagnosis , Dilatation , Esophageal Achalasia , Esophagus , Manometry , Peristalsis , Prognosis , Relaxation
18.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 202-209, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764185

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the temperature-based differences of cortical bone ultrashort echo time MRI (UTE-MRI) biomarkers between body and room temperatures. Investigations of ex vivo UTE-MRI techniques were performed mostly at room temperature however, it is noted that the MRI properties of cortical bone may differ in vivo due to the higher temperature which exists as a condition in the live body. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cortical bone specimens from fourteen donors (63 ± 21 years old, 6 females and 8 males) were scanned on a 3T clinical scanner at body and room temperatures to perform T1, T2*, inversion recovery UTE (IR-UTE) T2* measurements, and two-pool magnetization transfer (MT) modeling. RESULTS: Single-component T2*, IR-T2*, short and long component T2*s from bi-component analysis, and T1 showed significantly higher values while the noted macromolecular fraction (MMF) from MT modeling showed significantly lower values at body temperature, as compared with room temperature. However, it is noted that the short component fraction (Frac1) showed higher values at body temperature. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the need for careful consideration of the temperature effects on MRI measurements, before extending a conclusion from ex vivo studies on cortical bone specimens to clinical in vivo studies. It is noted that the increased relaxation times at higher temperature was most likely due to an increased molecular motion. The T1 increase for the studied human bone specimens was noted as being significantly higher than the previously reported values for bovine cortical bone. The prevailing discipline notes that the increased relaxation times of the bound water likely resulted in a lower signal loss during data acquisition, which led to the incidence of a higher Frac1 at body temperature.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Biomarkers , Body Temperature , Incidence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Relaxation , Tissue Donors , Water
19.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 148-156, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764168

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemia-induced hemichorea (HGHC) is a rare but characteristic hyperkinetic movement disorder involving limbs on one side of the body. In a 75-year-old woman with a left-sided HGHC, conventional brain MR imaging showed very subtle T1-hyperintensity and unique gadolinium enhancement in the basal ganglia contralateral to movements. Multi-parametric MRI was acquired using pulse sequence with quantification of relaxation times and proton density by multi-echo acquisition. Myelin map was reconstructed based on new tissue classification modeling. In this case report of multi-parametric MRI, quantitative measurement of myelin change related to HGHC in brain structures and its possible explanations are presented. This is the first study to demonstrate myelin loss related to hyperglycemic insult in multi-parametric quantitative MR imaging.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Basal Ganglia , Brain , Classification , Extremities , Gadolinium , Hyperglycemia , Hyperkinesis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Movement Disorders , Myelin Sheath , Protons , Relaxation
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 242-244, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742153

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Esophagogastric Junction , Relaxation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL