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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 57-63, ene. 28, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354465

ABSTRACT

La terapia de balón, también conocida como esferodinamia, es un ejercicio que estira y relaja los músculos pélvicos al usar una pelota suiza, que, al ser incorporada al trabajo de parto, reduce la duración de su primera fase y disminuye el dolor. El objetivo de la revisión es describir su aplicación como medida no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor y sus efectos en la evolución del trabajo de parto. Para alcanzar esto, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica basándose en artículos científicos publicados en los últimos cinco años. Esta técnica no farmacológica ha demostrado beneficios en el manejo del dolor y la ansiedad materna. Durante el embarazo y el trabajo de parto, esta terapia promueve la corrección postural, la relajación y el estiramiento de los músculos del piso pélvico. Además, ayuda en el descenso y rotación de la cabeza fetal y aumenta la dilatación del cuello uterino, facilitando el parto natural. La terapia de balón reduce el tiempo de trabajo de parto y es una medida eficaz no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor. Así mismo, ayuda a corregir la presentación fetal y evita procedimientos obstétricos


Ball therapy, also known as spherodynamics, is an exercise that stretches and relaxes the pelvic muscles using a Swiss ball, which, when incorporated into labor, reduces the duration of its first phase and decreases pain. The objective of the review is to describe its application as a non-pharmacological measure for pain management and its effects on the evolution of labor. To achieve this, a bibliographic review was carried out based on scientific articles published in the last five years. This non-pharmacological technique has shown benefits in the management of maternal pain and anxiety. During pregnancy and labor, this therapy promotes postural correction, relaxation, and stretching of the pelvic floor muscles. In addition, it helps in the descent and rotation of the fetal head and increases the dilation of the cervix, facilitating natural childbirth. Balloon therapy reduces the time of labor and is an effective non-pharmacological measure for pain management. Likewise, it helps correct fetal presentation and avoids obstetric procedures


Subject(s)
Labor, Obstetric , Delivery, Obstetric , Parturition , Pain Management , Relaxation , Exercise , Cervix Uteri , Dilatation
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(5): 403-413, May 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate in the literature the studies on the benefits ofmusic therapy interventions among pregnant women in the prenatal, delivery and postpartum periods. Data Sources The search for articles was carried out in the following electronic databases: VHL, LILACS, SciELO, Portal CAPES, PsycINFO, ERIC, PubMed/Medline, and journals specialized in this field: Revista Brasileira de Musicoterapia ("Brazilian Journal of Music Therapy") and Voices. Study Selection Descriptors in Portuguese (musicoterapia, gravidez, gestantes, revisão), English (music therapy, pregnancy, pregnant women, review) and Spanish (musicoterapia, embarazo, mujeres embarazadas, revisión) were used. The search was delimited between January 2009 and June 2019. The process of selection and evaluation of the articles was performed through peer review. Data Collectio n The following data were extracted: article title, year of publication, journal, author(s), database, country and date of collection, purpose of the study, sample size, type of care, intervention, instruments used, results, and conclusion. The data were organized in chronological order based on the year of publication of thestudy. Summary of the Data In total, 146 articles were identified, and only 23 studies were included in this systematic review. The articles found indicate among their results relaxation, decreased levels of anxiety, psychosocial stress and depression, decreased pain, increase in the maternal bond, improvement in the quality of sleep, control of the fetal heart rate and maternal blood pressure, and decreased intake of drugs in the postoperative period. Conclusion Music therapy during the prenatal, delivery and postpartum periods can provide benefits to pregnant women and newborns, thus justifying its importance in this field.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar na literatura os estudos sobre os benefícios das intervenções musicoterapêuticas em gestantes no pré-natal, parto e pós-parto. Fontes dos dados A busca dos artigos foi realizada nas seguintes bases de dados eletrônicas: BVS, LILACS, SciELO, Portal CAPES, PsycINFO, ERIC, PubMed/Medline e revistas especializadas da área: Revista Brasileira de Musicoterapia e Voices. Seleção dos estudos Utilizaram-se descritores em português (musicoterapia, gravidez, gestantes, revisão), em inglês (music therapy, pregnancy, pregnant women, review) e em espanhol (musicoterapia, embarazo, mujeres embarazadas, revisión). A busca foi delimitada de janeiro de 2009 até junho de 2019. Os processos de seleção e avaliação dos artigos foram realizados por revisão por pares. Coleta de dados Os seguintes dados foram extraídos: título do artigo, ano da publicação, revista, autor(es), base de dados, país e data da coleta, objetivo do estudo, tamanho da amostra, tipo de atendimento, intervenção, instrumentos utilizados, resultados, e conclusão. Os dados foram organizados emordem cronológica a partir do ano de publicação do estudo. Síntese dos dados Foram identificados 146 artigos e incluídos apenas 23 estudos na revisão sistemática. Os artigos encontrados indicam em seus resultados relaxamento, diminuição dos níveis de ansiedade, de estresse psicossocial e de depressão, diminuição da dor, aumento do vínculo materno, melhora da qualidade do sono, controle da frequência cardíaca fetal e da pressão arterial materna, e diminuição da ingestão de fármacos no pós-operatório. Conclusões A musicoterapia durante o pré-natal, parto e pós-parto pode trazer benefícios para a gestante e para o neonato, o que justifica sua importância nessa área.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women/psychology , Music/psychology , Music Therapy , Prenatal Care , Quality of Life , Relaxation , Women's Health , Parturition , Postpartum Period
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361605

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN. Las técnicas de relajación son recomendadas y utilizadas como estrategia para ayudar al individuo a lidiar con el estrés físico, psicológico y social. Este trabajo procuró conocer el uso de métodos de relajación utilizados en deportistas. Se ha utilizado la revisión bibliográfica basada en la búsqueda, análisis e interpretación de la literatura científica disponible sobre la relación entre las técnicas de relajación y el deporte de competición. El objetivo del estudio ha sido identificar y analizar los posibles efectos de las técnicas de relajación en los deportistas. Para ello, se examinaron los métodos utilizados y las evidencias de eficacia en el proceso de entrenamiento y/o competiciones, y admitieron artículos que utilizaron instrumentos y procedimientos de carácter cuantitativo y cualitativo. Los resultados indican que las técnicas de relajación poseen, en su concepción, que son útiles no sólo al bienestar del atleta, sino que también contribuyen con su recuperación a nivel físico y psicológico.


ABSTRACT. Relaxation techniques are recommended and used as a strategy to help the individual cope with physical, psychological and social stress. This work sought to know the use of relaxation methods used in athletes. The literature review was used based on the search, analysis and interpretation of the available scientific literature on the relationship between relaxation techniques and competitive sport. The objective of the study has been to identify and analyze the possible effects of relaxation on athletes. To do this, the methods used and the evidence of effectiveness in the training process and / or competitions were examined and admitted articles that used quantitative and qualitative instruments and procedures. The results indicate that relaxation techniques have in their conception benefits that are useful not only to the well-being of the athlete, but also helps in recovery at the physical and psychological level.


RESUMO. Técnicas de relaxamento são recomendadas e utilizadas como estratégia para ajudar o indivíduo a lidar com o estrese físico, psicológico e social. Este trabalho buscou conhecer o uso de métodos de relaxamento utilizados em atletas. A revisão da literatura foi utilizada com base na busca, análise e interpretação da literatura científica disponível sobre a relação entretécnicas de relaxamento e esporte competitivo. O objetivo do estudo foi identificar e analisar os possíveis efeitos do relaxamento nos atletas. Para isso, foram examinados os métodos utilizados e as evidências de efetividade no processo de treinamento e / ou competições e admitidos artigos que utilizavam instrumentos e procedimentos quantitativos e qualitativos. Os resultados indicam que as técnicas de relaxamento têm em sua concepção benefícios que são úteis não apenas para o bem-estar do atleta, mas também ajudam na recuperação nos níveis físico e psicológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Relaxation , Sports , Exercise , Athletic Performance , Personal Satisfaction
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e19187, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350232

ABSTRACT

Propolis from stingless bees (Heterotrigona itama) is a resinous compound that exhibits antihyperglycaemia, free radical scavenging, and cardioprotective properties. The effect of propolis on diabetic vessels has not been investigated. Thus, this research aimed to determine the effect of propolis supplementation on the level of antioxidants and its mechanism of action in the aorta of diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups (n=8/group): healthy (control), untreated diabetes (DM), metformin-treated diabetes (DM+M, 300 mg/kg/day metformin), propolis-treated diabetes (DM+P, 300 mg/kg/day propolis extract) and diabetes with combined treatment (DM+M+P, dosage as former). Oral supplementation was conducted for four weeks immediately upon successful induction of diabetes by streptozotocin (60 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection). At the end of the study, the rats were euthanised, and thoracic aorta was processed into tissue homogenates to determine the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE). Aorta segments were harvested to examine their relaxation response towards graded concentration of acetylcholine (Ach; 10-8-10-4) M following precontraction with phenylephrine (PE; 10-6 M). Vasorelaxation towards a cumulative dose of propolis (0.01-1.00%) using PE-precontracted healthy aorta (n=6/experiments) was investigated under various simulated conditions: physiological buffer, L-NAME (10-4 M), methylene blue (10-5 M), indomethacin (10-5 M) and elevated glucose (25 mM). Propolis maintained antioxidative enzymes and sRAGE decoy molecules in the aortic tissue of the diabetic rats. The amelioration of diabetes-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation by propolis was mediated through the nitric oxide(NO)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway. This non-clinical study reports vasoprotective property of propolis in diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Propolis/analysis , Bees/anatomy & histology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley/classification , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Endothelium/abnormalities , Nitric Oxide/adverse effects , Aorta/abnormalities , Relaxation , Vasodilation , Antioxidants/pharmacology
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 531-536, dez 30, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355104

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a meditação é uma prática que visa regular o estado mental e as emoções, podendo induzir a estados alterados de consciência. Dentre inúmeras técnicas de meditação, o trabalho proposto por George I. Gurdjieff, inclui práticas voltadas para o recolhimento da atenção e o equilíbrio entre a atividade do corpo, da mente e do sentimento. Estudos realizados com eletroencefalografia (EEG), avaliando o estado meditativo em geral, demonstraram um padrão cerebral caracterizado pelo aumento da amplitude dos ritmos eletroencefalográficos alfa e teta, bem como diferenças na atividade alfa entre a meditação e o relaxamento. Entretanto, isto não está caracterizado em meditadores da linha de G.I. Gurdjieff, que praticam, além de meditações sentadas, exercícios corporais acompanhados de uma música própria e exercícios de atenção durante a vida diária. Objetivo: comparar a atividade cerebral da frequência alfa durante os estágios de meditação e relaxamento e avaliar as diferenças entre as regiões frontal, central e occipital nesses dois estados, em meditadores experientes do grupo Gurdjieff, de Salvador-Bahia-Brasil. Metodologia: a coleta da atividade cerebral dos 8 voluntários foi realizada através do EEG. O protocolo de coleta adotado foi de 6 minutos de relaxamento e 12 minutos de meditação. Resultados: foi encontrado aumento significativo da potência alfa durante a meditação, quando comparada ao relaxamento. As regiões frontal e central não apresentaram diferenças entre si para a potência alfa, enquanto a região occipital apresentou aumento da potência alfa em comparação com as regiões frontal e central. Existe um aumento da densidade de alfa durante a meditação em todas as regiões cerebrais testadas, com maior densidade na região occipital. Conclusão: A frequência alfa comporta-se de forma diferente durante a meditação, comparada ao relaxamento, com um aumento da densidade de potência durante o estado meditativo em todas as regiões avaliadas, sendo a região occipital a que apresentou maior potência.


Introduction: meditation is a practice that aims to regulate the mental state and emotions, and can induce altered states of consciousness. Among numerous meditation techniques, the work proposed by George I. Gurdjieff, includes an attempt to balance activities from the body, the mind and the feelings. Studies conducted with electroencephalography (EEG), evaluating the meditative tate, demonstrated a brain pattern characterized by increased alpha and theta amplitude, as well as differences in alpha activity between meditation and relaxation. However, this is not characterized in Gurdjieff meditators, which practice beyond sitted meditations, body exercises with music, and attentional exercises during everyday life. Objective: comparing the brain activity of the alpha power during the meditation and relaxation stages and evaluate the differences between the frontal, central and occipital regions in these two states, in experienced meditators from the Gurdjieff group, in Salvador-Bahia-Brazil. Methodology: the data collection of the brain activity from 8 volunteers was performed by EEG. The collection protocol adopted was 6 minutes of relaxation and 12 minutes of meditation. Results: a significant increase in alpha power was found during meditation, when compared to relaxation. The frontal and central regions showed no differences between them for alpha power, while the occipital region showed an increase in alpha power compared to the frontal and central regions. Conclusion: the alpha frequency behaves differently during meditation, compared to relaxation, with an increase in alpha density during the meditative state in all evaluated regions, with the occipital region being the most potent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Relaxation , Consciousness Disorders , Electroencephalography , Alpha Rhythm , Clinical Trial
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 40: e191670, jan.-maio 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1147196

ABSTRACT

O consumo de substâncias psicoativas (SPAs) cresce em escala global, especialmente entre universitários. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar o padrão de uso de álcool e outras SPAs em estudantes universitários. A amostra foi composta por 180 graduandos de Psicologia que preencheram um questionário sociodemográfico e instrumentos de rastreamento do uso de SPAs validados para o contexto brasileiro. Os resultados evidenciaram maior prevalência do uso de álcool: 81,7% na vida, 67,6% nos últimos três meses e 55% no padrão binge. Dentre os motivos endossados para o consumo destaca-se o convívio universitário, porém o fator mais valorizado foi o álcool como potencializador do desejo de fumar, seguido de sua percepção como fator gregário em festas/reuniões sociais e como facilitador do enfrentamento de estresse. As pressões da vida universitária geram insegurança e instabilidade que deixam os jovens universitários mais suscetíveis à influência dos pares e à busca de diversão e descontração em ambientes de festas, nas quais o consumo é estimulado e facilitado, o que pode favorecer o beber em quantidade excessiva. Esse padrão de consumo pode se associar a outros comportamentos de risco, como dirigir sob efeito do álcool, manter relações sexuais sem proteção ou envolver-se em distúrbios da ordem pública e infrações à lei. Considerando que os jovens fazem uso em excesso de SPAs sem um suporte social comunitário adequado, é necessário investir em programas de prevenção e políticas públicas guiadas pelas noções de autocuidado, protagonismo e participação ativa na própria reabilitação...(AU)


The consumption of psychoactive substances (SPAs) grows worldwide, especially among university students. This study evaluated the pattern of alcohol use and other SPAs in psychology students. The sample consisted of 180 Psychology undergraduates who filled out a sociodemographic questionnaire and instruments for tracking the use of SPAs validated for the Brazilian context. The results showed a higher prevalence of alcohol use: 81.7% in life, 67.6% in the last three months and 55% following a binge pattern. Among the reasons endorsed for the consumption stand out university conviviality, but the most valued factor was alcohol as a potentiator of the desire to smoke, followed by its perception as a gregarious factor in parties/social gatherings and as a facilitator to cope with stress situations. The pressures of university life create insecurity and instability, which make university students more susceptible to peer influence and the search for fun and relaxation in party environments where drinking is stimulated and facilitated, which may favor binge drinking. This pattern of consumption may be associated to other risk behaviors, such as driving under the influence of alcohol, having unprotected sex, or engaging in public order disturbances and infractions of the law. Considering that these young people make excessive use of SPAs without adequate social and community support, it is necessary to invest in prevention programs and public policies guided by the notions of self-care, protagonism and active participation in self rehabilitation...(AU)


El consumo de sustancias psicoactivas (SPA) crece a escala global, especialmente entre universitarios. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el patrón de uso de alcohol y otras SPA por estudiantes universitarios. Compusieron la muestra 180 estudiantes de graduación en Psicología, que respondieron a un cuestionario sociodemográfico e instrumentos de rastreo del uso de SPA validados para el contexto nacional. Los resultados evidenciaron mayor prevalencia del uso de alcohol: el 81,7% en la vida, el 67,6% en los últimos tres meses y el 55% en el patrón binge. Entre los motivos endosados para el consumo se destaca la convivencia universitaria, pero el factor más valorado fue el alcohol como potenciador del deseo de fumar, seguido de su percepción como factor gregario en fiestas/reuniones sociales y como facilitador del enfrentamiento de situaciones de estrés. Las presiones de la vida universitaria generan inseguridad e inestabilidad que dejan a los jóvenes universitarios más susceptibles a la influencia de los pares y a la búsqueda de diversión y relajación en fiestas y discotecas donde se estimula y facilita el consumo de alcohol, lo que puede favorecer la costumbre de beber en cantidad excesiva. Ese patrón de consumo puede asociarse a otros comportamientos de riesgo, como conducir bajo el efecto del alcohol, mantener relaciones sexuales sin protección o involucrarse en disturbios del orden público e infracciones a la ley. Considerando que estos jóvenes hacen uso excesivo de SPA sin un soporte social-comunitario adecuado, son necesarios programas de prevención y políticas públicas guiadas por las nociones de autocuidado, protagonismo y participación activa en la propia rehabilitación...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Pressure , Psychology , Students , Universities , Adaptation, Psychological , Smoking , Prevalence , Substance-Related Disorders , Binge Drinking , Alcohol Drinking in College , Relaxation , Risk-Taking , Self Care , Social Support , Tobacco , Risk , Life , Protection , Alcoholic Beverages , Disease Prevention , Cigarette Smoking
8.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(4): 189-198, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052950

ABSTRACT

A corrida de rua é considerada um fenômeno sociocultural contemporâneo em ampla expansão no Brasil e no mundo. No entanto, há uma carência de informações a respeito do perfil sociodemográfico dos praticantes de corridas de rua, assim como os seus motivos de adesão e rotina de treinamento. Essas informações são essenciais para a elaboração de estratégias de intervenção profissional voltadas para os praticantes de corrida de rua. O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar o perfil sociodemográfico, os motivos de adesão, a rotina de treinamento e acompanhamento profissional de corredores de rua. Participaram da pesquisa 214 praticantes de corrida de rua, do sexo masculino e feminino, idade entre 18 e 58 anos (M = 36,4 ± 10,3), devidamente inscritos em provas que fazem parte do calendário oficial de corridas. Os praticantes responderam um questionário composto por 18 questões organizadas em 3 categorias: perfil ciodemográfico, motivos de adesão e rotina de treinamento/acompanhamento profissional. Os resultados evidenciaram que a maioria dos praticantes de corrida de rua são do sexo masculino (62,1%), com faixa etária predominante entre 20 e 40 anos, elevado nível de escolaridade e que buscam essa atividade especialmente por motivos de saúde (91,1%) e prazer (69,1%). Apesar de 43,9% dos praticantes não receberem acompanhamento profissional, 96,6% consideram importante ou muito importante a supervisão profissional durante a prática. Os achados indicam que, em geral, os adeptos da corrida de rua optam pela prática devido a busca pela melhora da qualidade de vida e a socialização, bem como a redução do estresse...(AU)


Running is considered a contemporary sociocultural phenomenon in a wide expansion in Brazil and in the world. However, there is a lack of information regarding the sociodemographic profile of street racing practitioners, as well as their reasons for joining this practice and the characteristics of training. This information is essential for the development of strategies for professional intervention aimed at street racing practitioners. The present study sought to analyze the sociodemographic profile, the reasons of adhesion and the characteristics of training of street racing practitioners. A total of 214 male and female street racing practitioners, aged between 18 and 58 years (M = 36.4 ± 10.3), duly enrolled in races that are part of the official racing calendar, participated in the study. The practitioners answered a questionnaire composed of 18 questions organized in 3 categories: sociodemographic profile, reasons of adhesion and training characteristics. The results showed that most of the street racing practitioners are male (62.1%), with a predominant age group between 20 and 40 years of age, a high level of schooling and who seek this activity especially for health reasons (91, 1%) and pleasure (69.1%). Although 43.9% of the practitioners did not receive professional support, 96.6% considered it important hat, in general, the street racing practitioners choose this practice because of the quest for improving quality of life and socialization as well as for reducing stress...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Personal Health Services , Physical Education and Training , Running , Circuit-Based Exercise , Endurance Training , Quality of Life , Relaxation , Socialization , Stress, Psychological , Pleasure , Quality Improvement , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 74-82, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002419

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The sources of stress involved in chronic kidney disease (CKD) can lead to depressive states, directly affecting the hemodialysis patient's quality of life (QOL). There are few reports and studies on therapeutic interventions that aim to minimize depressive symptoms in these patients and an even greater shortage of studies using music therapy. Objective: This study evaluated the effect of music therapy on QOL and depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. Method: This was a music therapy intervention study in which 23 patients were evaluated regarding QOL and depression symptoms at two distinct stages - before and after the intervention. Eight sessions of music therapy were conducted, with two weekly sessions and an average duration of 75 minutes. The intervention was conducted by the music therapist herself, using specific music therapy techniques, besides voice and guitar to conduct harmonic and rhythmic support for the groups' sound-music production. Results: The patients showed a significant reduction in depression symptoms (p < 0.001) and better QOL results, with significant differences in the following dimensions: functional capacity (p = 0.011), pain (p = 0.036), general health (p = 0.01), vitality (p = 0.004), mental health (p = 0.012), symptom and problem list (p = 0.01), and overall health (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Intervention with music therapy constitutes an effective option in the treatment and prevention of depressive symptoms and improved QOL of HD patients.


RESUMO Introdução: Fontes de estresse representadas pela doença renal crônica (DRC) podem gerar estados de depressão, interferindo diretamente na qualidade de vida (QV) dos pacientes em hemodiálise (HD). Poucos são os relatos e estudos de intervenção terapêutica visando minimizar os sintomas depressivos nesses pacientes, com maior escassez de trabalhos utilizando a musicoterapia. Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou o efeito da musicoterapia na QV e nos sintomas depressivos em pacientes em HD. Método: Estudo de intervenção musicoterapêutica, no qual 23 pacientes foram avaliados quanto à QV e sintomas de depressão em duas fases distintas: pré e pós-intervenção. Foram realizadas duas sessões em grupo por semana, com duração de 75 minutos, em um período de quatro semanas. A intervenção foi realizada por um musicoterapeuta, que utilizou técnicas específicas da musicoterapia, além da voz e do violão para conduzir apoio rítmico e harmônico na produção sonoro-musical dos grupos. Resultados: Os pacientes apresentaram redução significativa dos sintomas de depressão (p<0,001) e melhores resultados na QV, com diferenças estatísticas significantes nas dimensões: capacidade funcional (p=0,011), dor (p=0,036), estado geral de saúde (p=0,01), vitalidade (p=0,004), saúde mental (p=0,012), lista de sintomas e problemas (p=0,01) e saúde global (p=0,01). Conclusões: A intervenção com musicoterapia constitui-se opção efetiva no tratamento e prevenção de sintomas depressivos e na melhora da QV de pacientes em HD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Depression/therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Music Therapy , Pain , Relaxation/physiology , Relaxation/psychology , Health Status , Mental Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Depression/etiology , Depression/prevention & control , Music/psychology
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785972

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluates the effect of behavioral relaxation training on distress and cancer screening intention of patients with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.METHODS: The research was conducted in a non-equivalent control group posttest design. Data were collected from endoscopy subjects in B city from October to November of 2018. Fifteen minutes of behavioral relaxation training were provided to the experimental group (n=40) and traditional relaxation therapy methods were provided to the control group (n=40). Outcome measures were distress and cancer screening intention of patients with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Data were analyzed with a χ²-test, independent t-test, Fisher's exact test with SPSS/PC version 23.0.RESULTS: The objective discomfort (t=8.81, p<.001) of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group; there were no significant differences in the subjective discomfort (t=1.73, p=.088). The cancer screening intention (t=−5.85, p<.001) of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group.CONCLUSION: Behavioral relaxation training was effective in heightening cancer screening intention. Therefore it can be usefully applied to increase cancer screening intention.


Subject(s)
Early Detection of Cancer , Education , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Humans , Intention , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Relaxation Therapy , Relaxation
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785365

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nicardipine, a calcium channel blocker, is used to treat hypertension in pregnancy or preterm labor. The current study was conducted to investigate the relaxant effects of nicardipine on the isolated uterine smooth muscle of the pregnant rat.METHODS: We obtained uterine smooth muscle strips from pregnant female SD rats. After uterine contraction with oxytocin 10 mU/ml, we added nicardipine (10⁻¹² to 10⁻⁸ M) accumulatively every 20 min. We recorded active tension and frequency of contraction, and calculated EC₅ (effective concentration of 5% reduction), EC₂₅, EC₅₀, EC₇₅, and EC₉₅ of active tension and frequency of contraction using a probit model.RESULTS: Nicardipine (10⁻¹² to 10⁻⁸ M) decreased active tension and frequency of contraction in a concentration-dependent manner. The EC₅₀ and EC₉₅ of nicardipine in the inhibition of active tension of the uterine smooth muscle were 2.41 × 10⁻¹⁰ M and 3.06 × 10⁻⁷ M, respectively. The EC₅₀ and EC₉₅ of nicardipine in the inhibition of frequency of contraction of the uterine smooth muscle were 9.04 × 10⁻¹¹ and 4.18 × 10⁻⁷ M, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Nicardipine relaxed and decreased the frequency of contraction of the uterine smooth muscle in a concentration-dependent pattern. It might be possible to adjust the clinical dosage of nicardipine in the obstetric field based on our results, but further clinical studies are needed to confirm them.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Channels , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Muscle, Smooth , Nicardipine , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Oxytocin , Pregnancy , Rats , Relaxation , Uterine Contraction , Uterus
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787410

ABSTRACT

Mindfulness is a process in which all thoughts, feelings, sensations, and all phenomena that happen to me are uncritically recognized as they are, so that they are eventually accepted and released without identifying or automatically responding to them. The clinical effects of mindfulness-based therapy have already been demonstrated in several studies. However, consistent results have not been reported for the mechanism of mindfulness-based treatment. Thus, this review aimed to describe a systematic review of the literature and research on the mechanisms of mindfulness-based interventions. Experienced meditators showed a physiological change in a ‘wakeful hypometabolic state’ during mindfulness meditation. In mindfulness meditation, it is known that certain areas other than brain activation during relaxation are additionally activated, particularly activation of fronto-limbic and fronto-parietal neural networks. The psychological mechanisms include meta-cognitive awareness, emotion regulation, reduction of automatic and self-referential thinking, concentration control, self-compassion, improvement of value clarification and self-regulation, exposure, extinction, and reconsolidation. Of the brain regions with changes in activity associated with mindfulness meditation, prefrontal cortex, the default mode network including cortical midline structures were associated with emotion regulation, concentration control, and reduction of automatic and self-referential thinking. In addition, brain regions associated with mindfulness meditation have been reported in the hippocampus, amygdala, and medical frontal cortices associated with memory reconsolidation and fear extinction. Thus, mindfulness-based interventions have a psychological and neurobiological effect with a special mechanism different from other psychological interventions, so that mindfulness based intervention can be an effective therapeutic intervention with a different mechanism from other psychological techniques.


Subject(s)
Amygdala , Brain , Frontal Lobe , Hippocampus , Meditation , Memory , Mindfulness , Prefrontal Cortex , Psychological Techniques , Relaxation , Self-Control , Sensation , Thinking
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787182

ABSTRACT

The Chicago classification (CC) defines an esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) as the presence of several instances of intact or weak peristalsis, elevated median integrated relaxation pressure above 15 mmHg, and a discrepancy from the criteria of achalasia. The revised CC addresses the potential etiology of EGJOO, including the early forms of achalasia, mechanical obstruction, esophageal wall stiffness, or manifestation of hiatal hernia. A 58-year-old woman visited the Presbyterian Medical Center with swallowing difficulty. The patient underwent a high resolution manometry (HRM) examination and was diagnosed with EGJOO. Chest CT was performed to exclude a mechanical obstruction as a cause, and CT revealed a subepithelial tumor (SET) at the upper part of the esophagogastric junction. Therefore, laparoscopic surgery was performed and eccentric muscular hypertrophy of the distal esophagus was observed. Longitudinal myotomy and Dor fundoplication were also performed. The histology findings of the surgical specimens were consistent with achalasia. This paper reports a case of early achalasia that was finally diagnosed by the histology findings, but was initially diagnosed as EGJOO using HRM and misdiagnosed as SET in the image study.


Subject(s)
Classification , Deglutition , Esophageal Achalasia , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus , Female , Fundoplication , Hernia, Hiatal , Humans , Hypertrophy , Laparoscopy , Manometry , Middle Aged , Peristalsis , Protestantism , Relaxation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787149

ABSTRACT

Achalasia is a motility disorder of the esophagus characterized by absence of peristalsis and failure of relaxation of lower esophagus sphincter. The introduction of high resolution manometry (HRM) and per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has made a new chapter in diagnosis and treatment of achalasia. HRM allows classify according to the subtype of achalasia, and help predict prognosis and therapeutic response. POEM is a minimally invasive, effective option for treating achalasia. The management of achalasia required tailored application of various therapies such as botox injection, pneumatic balloon dilatation, POEM, or Heller's myotomy. In this review, we state the important aspects of diagnosis as well as management of achalasia.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Diagnosis , Dilatation , Esophageal Achalasia , Esophagus , Manometry , Peristalsis , Prognosis , Relaxation
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765411

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of the fascial distortion model (FDM) method on Cobb's angle. METHODS: Fourteen subjects participated in this study. The idiopathic scoliosis group performed FDM treatments eight times in four weeks. A Shapiro-Wilks test was used to verify the normality of a group of idiopathic scoliosis patients. A paired t-test was performed to determine the satisfaction with the normality. RESULTS: The difference in Cobb's angle was reduced significantly (p<0.05) by an average of 5.72°±2.24 from 15.51°±1.81 before the experiment. CONCLUSION: This study found that the use of the FDM method was effective in improving the Cobb's angle. The application of a FDM treatment appears to stabilize the fascia with decreased ability to adapt physiologically. The application of the CD and TB method of FDM treatment improved the asymmetry spine by dispersing moisture in fascia and improving the contraction and relaxation ability. The results suggest that the Cobb's angle is reduced when FDM is applied, thereby preventing the progression of curvature and avoiding psychological and physical problems that can arise from improving patients with scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Fascia , Humans , Methods , Relaxation , Scoliosis , Spine
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761501

ABSTRACT

Achalasia is a motility disorder of the esophagus characterized by absence of peristalsis and failure of relaxation of lower esophagus sphincter. The introduction of high resolution manometry (HRM) and per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has made a new chapter in diagnosis and treatment of achalasia. HRM allows classify according to the subtype of achalasia, and help predict prognosis and therapeutic response. POEM is a minimally invasive, effective option for treating achalasia. The management of achalasia required tailored application of various therapies such as botox injection, pneumatic balloon dilatation, POEM, or Heller's myotomy. In this review, we state the important aspects of diagnosis as well as management of achalasia.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Diagnosis , Dilatation , Esophageal Achalasia , Esophagus , Manometry , Peristalsis , Prognosis , Relaxation
17.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 121-125, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811482

ABSTRACT

Arthritis of hip joints deteriorates the quality of life in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Secondary to the articular inflammatory process, the shortened hip-girdle muscles contribute to the decreased joint mobility which may lead to the functional impairment. As the limitation of range of motion (ROM) usually progress slowly, clinicians regard it as a chronic condition and prescribe long-term therapy. However, by short-term intensive multimodal treatment, a 20-year-old man diagnosed as AS with severely limited hip joint ROM who relied on crutches doubled the joint angle and could walk independently only within 2 weeks. The combination included intra-articular steroid injection, electrical twitch obtaining intramuscular stimulation, extracorporeal shock wave therapy, heat, manual therapy, and stretching exercises. The management focused on the relaxation of hip-girdle muscles as well as the direct control of intra-articular inflammation. Hereby, we emphasize the effectiveness of intensive multimodal treatment in improving the function even within a short period.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Combined Modality Therapy , Crutches , Exercise , Hip Joint , Hip , Hot Temperature , Humans , Inflammation , Joints , Muscle Relaxation , Muscles , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Quality of Life , Range of Motion, Articular , Relaxation , Shock , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Young Adult
18.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 24: e41123, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1012804

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O presente relato de experiência descreve a Intervenção musicoterápica para mãe-bebê pré-termo - IMUSP, que visa sensibilizar a mãe a cantar para seu bebê pré-termo, durante a internação na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal. A IMUSP está prevista para oito sessões, alternadas entre sessões individuais com a mãe e sessões com mãe-bebê. Na implementação da IMUSP, a musicoterapeuta realizou a intervenção na UTINeo de um hospital público com nove mães e bebês prematuros. Foram encontrados vários desafios relativos à disponibilidade das famílias atendidas e às exigências do hospital. Em função disso, foi necessário adaptar a IMUSP, flexibilizando o número de sessões, o tipo de atividades propostas, bem como a alternância entre sessões com a mãe e com mãe-bebê. Evidências sugerem que a IMUSP contribuiu para o 'empoderamento' da mãe e do bebê, e para a 'musicalidade comunicativa' da díade, fortalecendo a interação mãe-bebê pré-termo. A IMUSP é uma intervenção de baixo custo com grande potencial de impacto a longo prazo, uma vez que, além de oferecer apoio à díade na UTINeo, orienta a mãe para que possa cantar autonomamente para seu bebê durante a internação e após a alta hospitalar. Futuros estudos são necessários para ampliar a aplicação da IMUSP e verificar os seus benefícios a curto e longo prazo para a mãe, o bebê pré-termo e a interação mãe-bebê.


RESUMEN En este reporte de experiencia se describe la Intervención musicoterapéutica para madre-bebé prematuro - IMUSP, que tiene como objetivo sensibilizar a la madre a cantar a su bebé prematuro durante la hospitalización en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales. La IMUSP está organizada en 8 sesiones, alternando entre sesiones individuales con la mamá, y sesiones con mamá-bebé. En la implementación de la IMUSP, la músico-terapeuta realizó la intervención en un hospital público con nueve mamás y sus bebés prematuros. Se encontraron varios retos relacionados a la disponibilidad de las familias atendidas y las exigencias del hospital. Por este motivo, fue necesario adaptar la IMUSP, flexibilizando el número de sesiones, el tipo de actividades propuestas, y la secuencia de las sesiones con mamá y mamá-bebé. Las evidencias sugirieron que la IMUSP contribuyó al 'empoderamiento' de la mamá y el bebé, y a la 'musicalidad comunicativa' de la diada, mejorando así la interacción mamá-bebé prematuro. La IMUSP es una intervención de bajo costo con un gran potencial de impacto a largo plazo, ya que, además de ofrecer apoyo a la diada en la UTINeo, orienta la mamá para que pueda cantar autónomamente a su bebé, durante la hospitalización y después de recibir el alta del hospital. Son necesarios estudios adicionales para ampliar la aplicación de la IMUSP y verificar sus beneficios a corto y largo plazo para la mamá, el bebé prematuro y la interacción mamá-bebé.


ABSTRACT This report of experience describes the Music therapy intervention for the mother-preterm infant dyad - MUSIP, that aims at sensitizing the mother to sing to her preterm infant, during the hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Unit Care. The MUSIP is organized in eight sessions, alternating individual sessions with the mother and sessions with the mother-infant dyad. During the implementation of the MUSIP, the music therapist carried out the intervention in a NICU of a public hospital with nine mothers and their preterm infants. Several challenges were found regarding the availability of the families and the demands of the hospital. Therefore, it was necessary to adapt the MUSIP, by making the number of sessions more flexible, the kind of activities that were proposed, as well as the alternation between the sessions with the mother and with mother-infant dyad. Evidences suggest that MUSIP contributed to the mother's and the infant's 'empowerment' and to their 'communicative musicality', enhancing the mother-preterm infant interaction. The MUSIP is a low-cost intervention with a big potential of long-term effects, since, besides supporting the dyad in the NICU, it guides the mother to sing autonomously for her infant during the hospitalization and after discharge. Future studies are needed to expand the MUSIP and to investigate its short and long-term effects for the mother, the preterm infant and mother-infant interaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Infant, Newborn/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Music Therapy , Relaxation/psychology , Infant, Premature/psychology , Intensive Care, Neonatal/psychology , Early Medical Intervention , Hospitalization , Mother-Child Relations/psychology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765975

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very common disease, and the prevalence in the general population has recently increased. GERD is a chronic relapsing disease associated with motility disorders of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Several factors are implicated in GERD, including hypotensive lower esophageal sphincter, frequent transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, esophageal hypersensitivity, reduced resistance of the esophageal mucosa against the refluxed contents, ineffective esophageal motility, abnormal bolus transport, deficits initiating secondary peristalsis, abnormal response to multiple rapid swallowing, and hiatal hernia. One or more of these mechanisms result in the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus, delayed clearance of the refluxate, and the development of symptoms and/or complications. New techniques, such as 24-hour pH and multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring, multichannel intraluminal impedance and esophageal manometry, high-resolution manometry, 3-dimensional high-resolution manometry, enoscopic functional luminal imaging probe, and 24-hour dynamic esophageal manometry, provide more information on esophageal motility and have clarified the pathophysiology of GERD. Proton pump inhibitors remain the preferred pharmaceutical option to treat GERD. The ideal target of GERD treatment is to restore esophageal motility and reconstruct the anti-reflux mechanism. This review focuses on current advances in esophageal motor dysfunction in patients with GERD and the influence of these developments on GERD treatment.


Subject(s)
Deglutition , Electric Impedance , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Esophageal Sphincter, Lower , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Gastrointestinal Contents , Hernia, Hiatal , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hypersensitivity , Manometry , Mucous Membrane , Peristalsis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Phenobarbital , Prevalence , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Relaxation , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review was conducted to compare the effect of lavender on the quality of sleep, sexual desire, and vasomotor, psychological and physical symptoms among menopausal and elderly women. METHODS: There were five electronic databases which selected to search respective articles which included were Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library without any language restriction since the study inception to March 10, 2018. The quality of studies was assessed in accordance with a jaded scale. RESULTS: According to three trials, the lavender as utilized in a capsule form or aromatherapy could significantly improve the measured Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score (P < 0.05) in the menopausal and elderly women. The aromatherapy with lavender improved sexual function (P < 0.001), depression (P < 0.001), anxiety (P < 0.001), and physical (P < 0.001) symptoms. Based on a trial, 66.7%, 70.0%, and 53.3% of subjects reported feelings of relaxation, happiness, and cleanness effects of having used lavender respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested the effectiveness of the use of lavender either in capsule form or aromatherapy on the improved quality of sleep, depression, anxiety, sexual desire, and psychological and physical symptoms. These results, however, should be interpreted with caution considering the limitations of the study.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anxiety , Aromatherapy , Depression , Female , Happiness , Hot Flashes , Humans , Lavandula , Libido , Menopause , Relaxation
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